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Study sets matching "unit 5 pathology"

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Study sets matching "unit 5 pathology"

16 terms
Unit 5 Pathology
What are the variants of seborrheic ke…
What is the sign of lesser-trelat?
Types of epithelial cysts?
What could it indicate if there are mu…
Dermatosis papulosa nigrans... Sign of lesser-Trelat
Many rapidly apppearing seborrheic keratoses, which can be a…
Epidermal inclusion cyst... Tichilemmal cyst... Dermoid cyst... Steato…
Gardner syndrome, which is caused by a mutation in the APC ge…
What are the variants of seborrheic ke…
Dermatosis papulosa nigrans... Sign of lesser-Trelat
What is the sign of lesser-trelat?
Many rapidly apppearing seborrheic keratoses, which can be a…
25 terms
Pathology Terms: Unit 5
DIA
DIABETES
DIAGNOSIS
DILATATION
Prefix meaning (passing) through, (going) apart, completely.
A general term for diseases marked by excessive urination and…
1. Expert identification of a disease or syndrome a person ha…
Expansion of an organ or vessel beyond normal size.
DIA
Prefix meaning (passing) through, (going) apart, completely.
DIABETES
A general term for diseases marked by excessive urination and…
28 terms
Pathology Unit 5
Inflammation
phlegmon
Inflammation Functions
Cardinal Signs and Symptoms of Inflamm…
A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked…
- inflammation of connective tissues
protective defense mechanism... isolates & destroys the invader…
swelling (tumor)... heat (calor)... redness (rubor)... pain (dolor)... al…
Inflammation
A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked…
phlegmon
- inflammation of connective tissues
Clinical Pathology Unit 5 Questions
What are the differences between agran…
Which cells fall into agranulocytes ca…
Which cells fall into granulocytes cat…
What are the trends in the maturation…
Agranulocytes do not have any granules in the cytoplasm while…
Lymphocytes and Monocytes
Segmented neutrophil, Eosinophils, and Basophils
The first trend is the Myeloblast which contains a blue/pink…
What are the differences between agran…
Agranulocytes do not have any granules in the cytoplasm while…
Which cells fall into agranulocytes ca…
Lymphocytes and Monocytes
42 terms
Unit 5 Pathology Photo Key (Developmental disorders)
Ankyloglossia
Cleft Lip/Palate
Dentigerous cyst
Primordial Cyst
Ankyloglossia
Cleft Lip/Palate
33 terms
Pathology of Unit 5
What is Barrett's Esophagus?
What is Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disea…
Where do swallowed foreign bodies ofte…
What can cause pyloric stenosis?(Pylor…
- Esophageal epithelium undergoes metaplastic change (stratif…
- Incompetent gastroesophageal junction may cause gastric aci…
- Cervical constriction: upper esophageal sphincter... - Thoraci…
- Pyloric sphincter may hypertrophy causing pyloric stenosis
What is Barrett's Esophagus?
- Esophageal epithelium undergoes metaplastic change (stratif…
What is Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disea…
- Incompetent gastroesophageal junction may cause gastric aci…
62 terms
Unit 5 Pathology Otorhinolaryngology and Prefixes
Dys-
Brady-,
Tachy-
Poly-
bad, difficult, painful
abnormally slow
quick, swift... fast, rapid
many, much, excessive
Dys-
bad, difficult, painful
Brady-,
abnormally slow
100 terms
pathology unit 5
cancer
orderly, controlled
tumor
benign
is defined as a disease in which abnormal cells in some organ…
normal cells reproduce themselves throughout life but in an _…
when cells grow out of control and form a mass, the mass is c…
some cells only enlarge at the site where they began, these a…
cancer
is defined as a disease in which abnormal cells in some organ…
orderly, controlled
normal cells reproduce themselves throughout life but in an _…
55 terms
Pathology: Inflammation (Unit 5)
Inflammation
Functions of Inflammation
Cardinal Signs and Symptoms of Inflamm…
Cardinal Signs and Symptoms of Inflamm…
A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked…
1) protective defense mechanism; 2) isolates & destroys the i…
1) swelling aka tumor; 2) heat aka calor; 3) redness aka rubo…
Swelling caused by increased permeability of vessels
Inflammation
A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked…
Functions of Inflammation
1) protective defense mechanism; 2) isolates & destroys the i…
29 terms
Pathology Unit 5 Immunohematology
What kind of antibodies do blood group…
What causes an agglutination reaction?
What are the two mechanisms of hemolysis
Autoantibodies?
CHO based such as ABO group form IgM... Protein based such as Rh…
When RBCs adhear to one another due to the presence of antibo…
Intravascular is causes by compement 5-9 activation which for…
Pts serum is incompatible with ALL RBCs! Cant do blood transf…
What kind of antibodies do blood group…
CHO based such as ABO group form IgM... Protein based such as Rh…
What causes an agglutination reaction?
When RBCs adhear to one another due to the presence of antibo…
36 terms
Pathology unit 5
What is Pathology a result of ? what d…
Homeostasis
Disease
Disorder
Pathology is a result of disease and changes in homeostasis
The process of maintaining normal balance within the body.
A change in structure or function that is considered to be ab…
A derangement or abnormality of function
What is Pathology a result of ? what d…
Pathology is a result of disease and changes in homeostasis
Homeostasis
The process of maintaining normal balance within the body.
38 terms
Unit 5 pathology
Cocci
Diplo
Staphylo, uvulo
Strepto
Spherical bacteria
Pair
Bunch of grapes
Twisted
Cocci
Spherical bacteria
Diplo
Pair
38 terms
Unit 5 Pathology
Aneurysm
Angina
Arrhythmia
Atherosclerosis
Widening and weakening of the arterial wall
Chest pain from decreased blood flow
Abnormal heartbeat
Hardening of arteries
Aneurysm
Widening and weakening of the arterial wall
Angina
Chest pain from decreased blood flow
32 terms
Unit 5 Pathology Vocab
Asphyxia
blunt force trauma
carboxyhemoglobin
contact, gunshot wound
Lack of oxygen and inhalation of combustion products like car…
type of physical trauma to a body part, caused by impact, inj…
a mix of hemoglobin and carbon monoxide that prevents normal…
wound made when barrel of firearm is in contact with skin. (S…
Asphyxia
Lack of oxygen and inhalation of combustion products like car…
blunt force trauma
type of physical trauma to a body part, caused by impact, inj…
44 terms
Unit 5 Pathology
cocci
strept
staphyl
diplo
bacteria
twisted chained bacteria
cluster or uvula
double
cocci
bacteria
strept
twisted chained bacteria
25 terms
Pathology Terms (Unit 5)
Dia
Diabetes
Diagnosis
Dilation
Prefix meaning through
Designates two diseases, diabetes insipidus and diabetes mell…
The naming of a disease or syndrome; to recognize the nature…
The heart being enlarged, occurring normally, artificially or…
Dia
Prefix meaning through
Diabetes
Designates two diseases, diabetes insipidus and diabetes mell…
41 terms
Pathology unit 5
Inflammation
Phlegmon
Inflammation
Inflammatory process
Cellular, tissue or vascular reaction to irritation, infectio…
Inflammation of connective tissue
Functions of ______ :... Protective defense mechanism ... Isolate…
Tissue injury triggers: ... Tissue mast cells (white blood cell…
Inflammation
Cellular, tissue or vascular reaction to irritation, infectio…
Phlegmon
Inflammation of connective tissue
pathology unit 5
cancer
reproduce
replaced, healed
Tumor
is defined as a disease in which abdominal cells in some orga…
normal cells ____ themselves throughout life, but in an order…
normal growth occurs, worn out tissues are ___ and wounds ___.
when cells grow out control and form a mass, the mass is call…
cancer
is defined as a disease in which abdominal cells in some orga…
reproduce
normal cells ____ themselves throughout life, but in an order…
100 terms
pathology unit 5
cancer
orderly, controlled
tumor
benign
is defined as a disease in which abnormal cells in some organ…
normal cells reproduce themselves throughout life but in an _…
when cells grow out of control and form a mass, the mass is c…
some cells only enlarge at the site where they began, these a…
cancer
is defined as a disease in which abnormal cells in some organ…
orderly, controlled
normal cells reproduce themselves throughout life but in an _…
116 terms
Pathology Unit 5
Neoplasia
Hyperplasia
Hypertrophy
Atrophy
New and abnormal development of cells that might be benign or…
An increase in the number of cells. Too many, not normal
An increase in the size of cells, but not number
A decrease in the size of cells, could be normal
Neoplasia
New and abnormal development of cells that might be benign or…
Hyperplasia
An increase in the number of cells. Too many, not normal
160 terms
Unit 5 pathology
Where can you find squamous cell epith…
Where can you find endocervical epithe…
What is squamocolumnar junction
Where do most cervical squamous neopla…
Ectocervix and vagina
Endocervix
Transformation zone
Transformation zone
Where can you find squamous cell epith…
Ectocervix and vagina
Where can you find endocervical epithe…
Endocervix
38 terms
Pathology unit 5 Pulmonary
ventilation
respiration
tidal volume
inspiratory reserve volume
The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere so t…
the physical and chemical processes (as breathing and diffusi…
the amount of air inhaled and exhaled during normal ventilation
the maximum volume of gas that can be inhaled beyond a normal…
ventilation
The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere so t…
respiration
the physical and chemical processes (as breathing and diffusi…
37 terms
Unit 5 Endocrine Pathology
addison's disease
adrenal feminization
adrenal virilism
adrenalitis
hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex; symptoms include general…
hypersecretion of estrogen by the adrenal cortex in males; de…
hypersecretion of testosterone by the adrenal cortex in femal…
inflammation of the adrenal glands
addison's disease
hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex; symptoms include general…
adrenal feminization
hypersecretion of estrogen by the adrenal cortex in males; de…
166 terms
Human Pathology Unit 5
Pancreas Function
Exocrine Tissue
Endocrine Tissue
amylase
digestive gland and an endocrine gland
the pancreas secretes an alkaline pancreatic juice rich in di…
consists of multiple small clusters of cells scattered throug…
starch
Pancreas Function
digestive gland and an endocrine gland
Exocrine Tissue
the pancreas secretes an alkaline pancreatic juice rich in di…
148 terms
Unit 5: pathology and otorhinolaryngology
Alcoholics Anonymous
adult children of Alcoholics
right ear (auris dextra)
acid fast bacillus
AA
ACOA
AD
AFB
Alcoholics Anonymous
AA
adult children of Alcoholics
ACOA
27 terms
Unit 5 Cardiovascular Pathology
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Ischemia
Angina Pectoris
Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)
Most common type of heart disease. #1 cause of death in men a…
Temporary deficiency in blood supply. Often causes chest pain…
Episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to…
Death of the heart muscle due to a blockage of the coronary a…
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Most common type of heart disease. #1 cause of death in men a…
Ischemia
Temporary deficiency in blood supply. Often causes chest pain…
20 terms
Unit 5 Vascular Pathology
Brain tissue cannot survive without?
Lack of O2 =
Infarction
CVA
O2
Neuronal necrosis (cell death)
Death of brain cells 2' to Blood flow obstruction
Cardio vascular accident (stroke)
Brain tissue cannot survive without?
O2
Lack of O2 =
Neuronal necrosis (cell death)
109 terms
Unit 5: Pathology, Otorhinolarynology.
Agenesis
Alcoholism
Amenorrhea
Apepsia
Lack of development
Chronic physical and psychological addiction to alcohol.
Absence of menstruation.
Cessation of digestion.
Agenesis
Lack of development
Alcoholism
Chronic physical and psychological addiction to alcohol.
78 terms
Unit 5 Pathology, Otorhinolaryngology
a-, an-
angi/o
audi/o
bracill/o
without, not
vessels
hearing
rod shaped bacterium
a-, an-
without, not
angi/o
vessels
66 terms
Pathology II Unit 5 & 6
endometritis
endometritis
endocervicitis (cervicitis)
chronic cervicitis
an inflammation or irritation of the endometrium, usually cau…
commonly caused by the bacteria gonococci, hemolytic streptoc…
inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus and lining of…
symptoms of this form of cervicitis include vaginal bleeding…
endometritis
an inflammation or irritation of the endometrium, usually cau…
endometritis
commonly caused by the bacteria gonococci, hemolytic streptoc…
26 terms
Pathology: Exam 2, Unit 5
Inflammation
Cardinal Signs of Inflammation
Acute Inflammation
Chronic Inflammation
A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked…
Swelling (tumor), Heat (calor), redness (rubor), pain (dolor)…
Type of inflammation that lasts a few minutes to a few days,…
Type of inflammation that can last from a few days to years
Inflammation
A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked…
Cardinal Signs of Inflammation
Swelling (tumor), Heat (calor), redness (rubor), pain (dolor)…
45 terms
Unit 5 Pathology Genetic Correlations
Oral squamous cell carcinoma
NUT midline carcinoma
Sjogren syndrome
Esophageal adenocarcinoma
Loss of chromosome 9, 3 and p16 inactivation causes dysplasia…
Translocations of NUT and BRD4 causing aggressive carcinoma t…
Anti-Ro (intrauterine heart block) and anti- La antibodies
Barrett esophagus has p53 overexpression; p53 functional inac…
Oral squamous cell carcinoma
Loss of chromosome 9, 3 and p16 inactivation causes dysplasia…
NUT midline carcinoma
Translocations of NUT and BRD4 causing aggressive carcinoma t…
40 terms
Unit 5 Nervous System Pathology
alzheimer's disease
astrocytoma
brain tumor
cerebellitis
brain disorder characterized by progressive dementia, disorie…
malignant tumor originating in astrocytes, a neuroglial cell
intra-cranial mass; may be malignant or benign; dangerous bec…
inflammation of the cerebellum
alzheimer's disease
brain disorder characterized by progressive dementia, disorie…
astrocytoma
malignant tumor originating in astrocytes, a neuroglial cell
30 terms
AAMI GEN 311 Intro to Pathology Unit 5
Neoplasms
Oncology
Carcinogen/Oncogen
Carcinogensis/Oncogenesis
Tumors... Any new, abnormal growth of tissue.
The study of neoplasms or tumors.
Any substance classified as a cancer causing agent.
The process of the formation and development of cancer.
Neoplasms
Tumors... Any new, abnormal growth of tissue.
Oncology
The study of neoplasms or tumors.
60 terms
KAA - Intro to Pathology - Unit 5
Oncology
Carcinogen / Oncogen
Carcinogenesis / Oncogenesis
Oncologist
study or neoplasms or tumors
any substance classified as a cancer causing agent
process of the formation and development of a cancer
doctor specializing in the treatment of cancer
Oncology
study or neoplasms or tumors
Carcinogen / Oncogen
any substance classified as a cancer causing agent
9 terms
Unit 5 Vasular Pathology Hemorrage
Hemorrage
Intracerebral hemorrages
Blood release into brain
Subdural hematome
Onset of Neurological signs/symptoms sudden... Symptoms usually…
Rupture of intracranial artery... Blood is released into brain
May accumulate to form hematoma within neural tissue... Should h…
Often result of traumatic brain injury... Rupture in capillaries…
Hemorrage
Onset of Neurological signs/symptoms sudden... Symptoms usually…
Intracerebral hemorrages
Rupture of intracranial artery... Blood is released into brain
58 terms
AAMI Intro to Pathology: Unit 5
Neoplasm
Tumor
Neoplasms
Oncology
Any new, abnormal growth of tissue which serves no useful pur…
Literally means swelling
All tumors are not necessarily ______ these words have been u…
study of neoplasms/tumors
Neoplasm
Any new, abnormal growth of tissue which serves no useful pur…
Tumor
Literally means swelling
49 terms
Unit 5: Pathology, Otorhinolaryngology, etc.
cocc/i
coccus is the ____ form for cocc
cocci is the ____ form for cocc
dipl/o
spherically shaped bacteria
singular form
plural form
twice, pair, two
cocc/i
spherically shaped bacteria
coccus is the ____ form for cocc
singular form
156 terms
Unit 5: Pathology, Otorhinolaryngology, & prefixes
Infant BP
Infant respirations (R)
Pulse (P)
Oral(PO) Temperature (T)
65-122/30-84
30-50
100-170
98.6F, 37C
Infant BP
65-122/30-84
Infant respirations (R)
30-50
35 terms
Pathology unit 5 quiz
dentigerous cyst
eruption cyst
primordial cyst
odontogenic keratocyst
around the crown of an erupting or developing tooth... can becom…
eruption hematoma or gingival eruption cyst... in soft tissue--t…
develops instead of a tooth... usually 3rd mandibular molar area…
very aggressive/destructive... RECURRANCE if you don't remove ev…
dentigerous cyst
around the crown of an erupting or developing tooth... can becom…
eruption cyst
eruption hematoma or gingival eruption cyst... in soft tissue--t…
150 terms
Unit 5: Pathology, otorhinolaryngology, and prefixes
Alcoholics Anonymous
Adult Children of Alcoholics
right ear
acid-fast bacillus
AA
ACOA
AD**
AFB
Alcoholics Anonymous
AA
Adult Children of Alcoholics
ACOA
52 terms
Forensic Science Unit 5 Pathology
Pathos
Logos
Differences between Medical Examiner a…
STL County's M.E.
suffering or diseases
word or writing
- Medical Examiners are appointed by the government of that j…
Mary Case
Pathos
suffering or diseases
Logos
word or writing
45 terms
Unit 5 chapter 16 Pathology
Crust
Cyst
Erosion
Fissure
Collection of dried serum and cellular debris
Thick-walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisol…
Wearing away or loss of epidermis. Result from inflammation o…
Groove or crack like sore
Crust
Collection of dried serum and cellular debris
Cyst
Thick-walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisol…
26 terms
Unit 5 Chapter 17 Pathology
Astigmatism
Hyperopia
Myopia
Presbyopia
Defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye
Farsightedness. Too ovular vertically.
Nearsightedness. Too ovular horizontally.
Impairment of vision as a result of old age
Astigmatism
Defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye
Hyperopia
Farsightedness. Too ovular vertically.
Unit 5 Pathology and Immunity
bacteria
bacteriophage
capsid
conjugation
member of the domain bacteria
virus that infects bacteria
a form of glycocalyx that consists of a gelatinous layer
transfer of genetic material from one cell to another
bacteria
member of the domain bacteria
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
47 terms
Pathology Unit 5 WBC lectures
What blood cells are involved with lym…
What are some inherited risks for leuk…
What is an easy way to classify what k…
What is the most common T cell mutation?
B cells, T cells, NK cells
Down Syndrome... Neurofirbromatosis type 1... Ataxia telangectasia
If it involves the bone marrow it is a leukemia.... If it is out…
Notch 1 gain of function
What blood cells are involved with lym…
B cells, T cells, NK cells
What are some inherited risks for leuk…
Down Syndrome... Neurofirbromatosis type 1... Ataxia telangectasia
30 terms
AAMI GEN 311 Intro to Pathology Unit 5
Neoplasms
Oncology
Carcinogen/Oncogen
Carcinogensis/Oncogenesis
Tumors... Any new, abnormal growth of tissue.
The study of neoplasms or tumors.
Any substance classified as a cancer causing agent.
The process of the formation and development of cancer.
Neoplasms
Tumors... Any new, abnormal growth of tissue.
Oncology
The study of neoplasms or tumors.
47 terms
Biochem Unit 5 Pathologies + Drugs
Caffeine
Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome
Allopurinol
Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) deficiency
competitive inhibitor of adenosine receptors.
HGPRT is reduced to <1% normal. Salvage pathway not working -…
Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor. Decreases uric acid production
Severe immunodeficiency disease. Deoxyadeonsine cannot be deg…
Caffeine
competitive inhibitor of adenosine receptors.
Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome
HGPRT is reduced to <1% normal. Salvage pathway not working -…
41 terms
Biochem Unit 5 Pathologies + Drugs
Caffeine
Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) deficiency
Folate Deficiency
Methotrexate
competitive inhibitor of adenosine receptors.
Severe immunodeficiency disease. Deoxyadeonsine cannot be deg…
less tetrahydrofloate - less dTMP - increased dUTP put into D…
competitive inhibitor of dihydrofolate rdeuctase. Cancer chem…
Caffeine
competitive inhibitor of adenosine receptors.
Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) deficiency
Severe immunodeficiency disease. Deoxyadeonsine cannot be deg…
38 terms
Pathology.... Extra Med Term, Unit 5
Hard C
Soft c
Coccos
Cocci
A, o, u, or a consonant: k sound
i, e, y: s sound
Greek word for berry, grain, seed
Spherically shaped family of bacteria
Hard C
A, o, u, or a consonant: k sound
Soft c
i, e, y: s sound
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