Study sets matching "unit 6 biology cells reproduction"

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Study sets matching "unit 6 biology cells reproduction"

24 terms
Unit 6 Biology: Cell Reproduction (2016)
chromosome
Chromatid
sister Chromatids
centromere
rod-shaped structures made of tightly coiled DNA and proteins…
Each half of the chromosome
Identical copies of a chromosome; full sets of these are crea…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
chromosome
rod-shaped structures made of tightly coiled DNA and proteins…
Chromatid
Each half of the chromosome
6 terms
Biology Unit 6 Cell Reproduction DNA
Defective checkpoints result in the de…
DNA does NOT
Cancer cells
DNA replication
This does NOT describe cell cycle checkpoints`
regenerate itself right after a cell divides into new cells
most likely result from uncontrolled growth due to mutations…
process that results in two complete strands of DNA from one…
Defective checkpoints result in the de…
This does NOT describe cell cycle checkpoints`
DNA does NOT
regenerate itself right after a cell divides into new cells
8 terms
Biology- Unit 6 Cell Reproduction B
Uracil
The genetic code is a universal code
The shape of the DNA molecule is
What part of the cell cycle results in…
is NOT a base found in DNA
which suggests that there is a single evolutionary history un…
double stranded and twisted with a base bonded to another bas…
cytokinesis
Uracil
is NOT a base found in DNA
The genetic code is a universal code
which suggests that there is a single evolutionary history un…
41 terms
Unit 6 - Cell Reproduction
Chromosomes
Chromatid
Centromere
Chromatin
Tightly-coiled DNA and protein; rod-shaped.
Half of a chromosome; forms when DNA makes a copy of itself d…
Structure made of protein that connects the two chromatids to…
Loosely-coiled DNA and protein; DNA is in this state during i…
Chromosomes
Tightly-coiled DNA and protein; rod-shaped.
Chromatid
Half of a chromosome; forms when DNA makes a copy of itself d…
74 terms
Unit 6 - Cell Reproduction
Growth, repair, substances can't diffu…
Binary fission
Mitosis
Chromatin
Why do cells reproduce (divide)?
how bacteria reproduce. DNA copies and then the cell split in…
How do eukaryotic body cells reproduce?
DNA that is loose and uncoiled when a cell is not dividing.
Growth, repair, substances can't diffu…
Why do cells reproduce (divide)?
Binary fission
how bacteria reproduce. DNA copies and then the cell split in…
60 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: Unit 6 - Cell Reproduction
What is meiosis?
What happens during meiosis?
Why is meiosis necessary?
Fetilization
the division of the nucleus of diploid germ cells
produces haploid gametes, reduces the number of chromosomes i…
sexual reproduction
the union of egg and sperm
What is meiosis?
the division of the nucleus of diploid germ cells
What happens during meiosis?
produces haploid gametes, reduces the number of chromosomes i…
Unit 6 Cell Reproduction
All cells have the same
3 Function of cell divison
Mitosis and Meiosis are types of
Binary Fission
Size
1.Reproduction... 2. Growth and Development... 3. Tissue Repair
Cell Division
Occurs in prokaryotes (bacteria)... Parents split into 2 identic…
All cells have the same
Size
3 Function of cell divison
1.Reproduction... 2. Growth and Development... 3. Tissue Repair
33 terms
Bio Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
Anaphase
Asexual Reproduction
Autosome
Binary Fission
Third phase of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids sepa…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Anaphase
Third phase of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids sepa…
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
33 terms
Bio Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
Anaphase
Asexual Reproduction
Autosome
Binary Fission
Third phase of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids sepa…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Anaphase
Third phase of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids sepa…
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
52 terms
AP Biology Unit 6 Vocab: Cell Reproduction
Epidermal
Cell Division
Cell cycle
interphase
pertaining to upon the skin
...
...
...
Epidermal
pertaining to upon the skin
Cell Division
...
Unit 6 Pre-AP Biology - Cell Reproduction
Why do Cells divide? (4 reasons)
Explain in further detail about why ce…
What is the first cell created from eg…
What is diffusion?
- To Grow... - For more efficient cell division... - To repair and…
You started out as one cell now you are trillions of cells…
zygote
movement from a high concentration to a low concentration unt…
Why do Cells divide? (4 reasons)
- To Grow... - For more efficient cell division... - To repair and…
Explain in further detail about why ce…
You started out as one cell now you are trillions of cells…
12 terms
H Biology: Unit 6- Cell Reproduction
Meiosis
Gametes
Genetic recombination
Independent assortment
When the diploid nucleus divides into four haploid nuclei
Sex cells
The production of offspring that produces traits that are dif…
Random combination and re-arrangement of chromosomes on diffe…
Meiosis
When the diploid nucleus divides into four haploid nuclei
Gametes
Sex cells
30 terms
Biology Unit 6: Cell Reproduction and Heredity
genetics
heredity
trait
gene
study of heredity and the variation of inherited characterist…
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
genetics
study of heredity and the variation of inherited characterist…
heredity
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
22 terms
Biology Unit 6-Reproduction and Cell Division
haploid
diploid
meiosis
homologous chromosomes
23 chromosomes, sex cells
46 chromosomes, developed organisms like humans
the creation of gametes (sex cells)
...
haploid
23 chromosomes, sex cells
diploid
46 chromosomes, developed organisms like humans
25 terms
Unit 6 Biology (ch.8) Cell Reproduction
Histone
Non Histone Proteins
What do chromosomes consist of
chromatid
proteins that help maintain the shape of the chromosome and a…
Control activities of specific regions of the DNA
two sister chromatids connected by a centromere
half (one piece) of a chromosome
Histone
proteins that help maintain the shape of the chromosome and a…
Non Histone Proteins
Control activities of specific regions of the DNA
53 terms
Biology Unit 6: Reproduction
asexual reproduction
binary fission
regeneration
vegetative reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
asexual reproduction of a single-celled organism by division…
when a new individual grows from a piece of a stem, leaf, o r…
stems, leaves, or roots that are still attached to the parent…
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
binary fission
asexual reproduction of a single-celled organism by division…
UNIT 6- CELL REPRODUCTION
binary fission
cancer
cell cycle
cell division
type of cell division that occurs in prokaryotic cells in whi…
disease that occurs when the cell cycle is no longer regulate…
repeating series of events that a cell goes through during it…
process in which a parent cell divides to form two daughter c…
binary fission
type of cell division that occurs in prokaryotic cells in whi…
cancer
disease that occurs when the cell cycle is no longer regulate…
UNIT 6: Cell Reproduction
asexual reproduction
binary fussion
cancer
cell cycle
reproduction that does not require eggs or sperm... the process…
division of a prokaryotic cell into two offspring cells
the uncontrolled growth and division of cells
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
asexual reproduction
reproduction that does not require eggs or sperm... the process…
binary fussion
division of a prokaryotic cell into two offspring cells
34 terms
Unit 6 Cell Reproduction
Binary fission
Mitosis
Copying
to create 2 identical cells
Cell divison seen in prokaryotes.
Cell division seen in eukaryotes.
The most important things that must happen before a cell divi…
Purpose of Mitosis?
Binary fission
Cell divison seen in prokaryotes.
Mitosis
Cell division seen in eukaryotes.
22 terms
Keystone Biology Unit 6 - Cell Growth and Reproduction (Morgan)
Benign Tumor:
Cancer:
Cell Cycle:
Chromatid:
abnormal mass of tumor cells formed from essentially normal c…
disease caused by severe disruption of the mechanisms that no…
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
half of a chromosome
Benign Tumor:
abnormal mass of tumor cells formed from essentially normal c…
Cancer:
disease caused by severe disruption of the mechanisms that no…
51 terms
Biology Unit 6: Reproduction
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
Recombination ("crossing-over")
meiosis
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
sexual reproduction
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
unit 6:cell reproduction
meiosis
independent assortment
asexual reproduction
tetrad
a process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chro…
random seperation of homologous chromosomes
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
the four chromatids in a pair of homologous chromosomes that…
meiosis
a process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chro…
independent assortment
random seperation of homologous chromosomes
64 terms
Unit 6 : Cell Reproduction
Dead cells
Asexual reproduction
One parent
Sexual reproduction
Outermost layer of skin
A single cell or group of cells each duplicates DNA and then…
Asexual reproduction
Genetic material from each of the two parents combines, produ…
Dead cells
Outermost layer of skin
Asexual reproduction
A single cell or group of cells each duplicates DNA and then…
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
Clone
1 cell divides to become 2 cells (cells are genetically ident…
Asexual reproduction in bacteria
Asexual reproduction in organism in which a new (smaller) org…
A cell (or organism) that is genetically identical to another.
Asexual Reproduction
1 cell divides to become 2 cells (cells are genetically ident…
Binary Fission
Asexual reproduction in bacteria
20 terms
Unit 6 Cell Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Chromatin
Chromosome
Requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm. Testes and ovari…
Creation of genetically identical offspring by a single paren…
the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Sexual Reproduction
Requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm. Testes and ovari…
Asexual Reproduction
Creation of genetically identical offspring by a single paren…
unit 6 cell reproduction
In asexual reproduction how many paren…
how does reproduction occur in asexual…
what are the pros of asexual reproduct…
what type of organisms typically tend…
1 parent makes more offsping
by splitting in half or by growing and releasing new organism…
-TIME many offspring are produced quickly... -great if the paren…
simple
In asexual reproduction how many paren…
1 parent makes more offsping
how does reproduction occur in asexual…
by splitting in half or by growing and releasing new organism…
18 terms
Unit 6 Cell Reproduction
Why is it bad for a cell to be too big?
Why is mitosis a form of asexual repro…
How many chromosomes do human body cel…
List three reasons a cell must divide.
Can't efficiently diffuse water and nutrients into the cell a…
Only one set of genetic information is being replicated to cr…
46
1. Too big... 2. Damaged/ dead... 3. Growth and development
Why is it bad for a cell to be too big?
Can't efficiently diffuse water and nutrients into the cell a…
Why is mitosis a form of asexual repro…
Only one set of genetic information is being replicated to cr…
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
interphase
binary fission
histones
somatic cells
A resting time of the cell before splitting
a cell that splits (asexual reproductions)
any group of basic proteins found in chromatin
any living cells besides reproductive cells
interphase
A resting time of the cell before splitting
binary fission
a cell that splits (asexual reproductions)
17 terms
Unit 6 Cell Reproduction
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
purpose of mitosis
chromatin
a single organism or cell makes a duplicate of itself through…
requires an egg and sperm and uses meiosis
cell regeneration, growth, and reproduction
the loose form of DNA found in the nucleus
asexual reproduction
a single organism or cell makes a duplicate of itself through…
sexual reproduction
requires an egg and sperm and uses meiosis
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
Autosome
Sex Chromosome
Homologous Chromosome
Centromere
a chromosome that is not an allosome (a sex chromosome).
a chromosome involved with determining the sex of an organism…
similiar but not identical. Each carries the same genes in th…
the part of a chromosome that links sister chromatids.
Autosome
a chromosome that is not an allosome (a sex chromosome).
Sex Chromosome
a chromosome involved with determining the sex of an organism…
unit 6: cell reproduction
independent assortment
spermatogenesis
sexual reproduction
genetic recombination
random distribution of genes on homologous chromosomes during…
the process of meiosis that produces sperm cells
producing genetically different offspring by the joining of a…
genetic material that has been mixed, producing unique offspr…
independent assortment
random distribution of genes on homologous chromosomes during…
spermatogenesis
the process of meiosis that produces sperm cells
12 terms
Unit 6 Cell Reproduction
meiosis
independent assortment
asexual reproduction
tetrad
A two-stage type of cell division in sexually reproducing org…
the random distribution of the pairs of genes on different ch…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
the four chromosomes in a pair of homologous chromosomes that…
meiosis
A two-stage type of cell division in sexually reproducing org…
independent assortment
the random distribution of the pairs of genes on different ch…
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
interphase
diploid
binary fission
autosome
the stage of cell growth (G1), maturation, DNA replication (S…
a cell that has 2 sets of genetic information, one from a mot…
the simple way in which prokaryotic organisms produce offspri…
a chromosome that carries information about an organism ex) h…
interphase
the stage of cell growth (G1), maturation, DNA replication (S…
diploid
a cell that has 2 sets of genetic information, one from a mot…
Unit 6 Cell Reproduction
interphase
cell cycle
mitosis
chromatid
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
interphase
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
cell cycle
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
14 terms
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
Binary fission
Why do cells grow
cell size
cell division
How bacteria divide
to replace damaged or worn out cells... but also DNA overload is…
small, because they function more efficiently than large cell…
the process by which a single body cell divides into two new…
Binary fission
How bacteria divide
Why do cells grow
to replace damaged or worn out cells... but also DNA overload is…
34 terms
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction.| Pre-AP Biology B.
Cell Reproduction:
DNA Replication:
Interphase:
G1, First Growth Phase:
During the interphase, the cell takes in nutrients, grows, an…
The double helix is unwound and each strand acts as a templat…
Interphase is the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical…
The G1 phase, is the first of four phases of the cell cycle t…
Cell Reproduction:
During the interphase, the cell takes in nutrients, grows, an…
DNA Replication:
The double helix is unwound and each strand acts as a templat…
Biology Unit 6 - Cell Cycle
Cancer
Cell cycle
Cell differentiation
DNA
proliferation of cells caused by disruptions in the cell cycl…
sequence of events that results in cell growth and ultimately…
process in multi-cellular organisms in which a less-specializ…
nucleic acid which is self-replicating and contains the code…
Cancer
proliferation of cells caused by disruptions in the cell cycl…
Cell cycle
sequence of events that results in cell growth and ultimately…
16 terms
Unit 6: Cell Biology
Mitochondria
Flagella
Chloroplast
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Creates energy for the cell; performs cellular respiration
Long whip-like projection used for movement
Makes sugar from sunlight (photosynthesis)
Moves lipids within the cell
Mitochondria
Creates energy for the cell; performs cellular respiration
Flagella
Long whip-like projection used for movement
bio unit 6: cell reproduction
meiosis
synapsis
tetrad
crossing-over
a process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chro…
the pairing of homologous chromosomes, which doesn't occurr i…
each pair of homologous chromosomes
portions of chromosomes which break off which have broken off…
meiosis
a process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chro…
synapsis
the pairing of homologous chromosomes, which doesn't occurr i…
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
How many gametes are formed following…
What are the two human gametes called?
How many times does division occur in…
Chromosomes pairs we get from our mom…
4
Egg and Sperm
2
Homologues chromosomes
How many gametes are formed following…
4
What are the two human gametes called?
Egg and Sperm
Unit 6 Cell Growth and Reproduction Keystone Vocabulary
Crossing-over
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
An exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosome…
A nuclear division resulting in the production of two somatic…
The final phase of a cell cycle resulting in the division of…
The longest‐lasting phase of the cell cycle in which a cell p…
Crossing-over
An exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosome…
Mitosis
A nuclear division resulting in the production of two somatic…
BIO Unit 6: Cell Reproduction
meiosis
independent assortment
asexual reproduction
tetrad
process in cell division during which the number of chromosom…
the random distribution of the pairs of genes on different ch…
the reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes a…
the four chromatids in a pair of homologous chromosomes that…
meiosis
process in cell division during which the number of chromosom…
independent assortment
the random distribution of the pairs of genes on different ch…
20 terms
Biology Unit 6 Cell Growth
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, replicates its DNA…
Division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that are ex…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division; occurs at the…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, replicates its DNA…
42 terms
Unit 6 Terms: Cell Division and Reproduction
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
cell division
cell cycle
The process by which offspring are produced from a single par…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
asexual reproduction
The process by which offspring are produced from a single par…
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Biology- unit 6 reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Recombination ("crossing over")
Meiosis
organism splits, only involves one organism
2 organisms combine DNA
the rearrangement of genetic material, especially by crossing…
process in which sex cells divide, resulting 4 four genetical…
Asexual Reproduction
organism splits, only involves one organism
Sexual Reproduction
2 organisms combine DNA
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction and Heredity
1. Genetics
2. Heredity
3. Trait
4. Gene
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredi…
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
1. Genetics
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredi…
2. Heredity
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
Unit 6: Cell Reproduction & Heredity
genetics
heredity
trait
gene
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
genetics
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
heredity
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
32 terms
Unit 6: Cell Growth & Reproduction
Cyclin
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase
Cancer
Carcinogen
one of the specific proteins that regulate the cell cycle
the enzyme that bind to cyclin during interphase and mitosis,…
uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
a cancer-causing substance
Cyclin
one of the specific proteins that regulate the cell cycle
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase
the enzyme that bind to cyclin during interphase and mitosis,…
Biology Unit 6 - Cell Cycle
Cancer
Cell cycle
Cell differentiation
DNA
uncontrolled cell division... proliferation of cells caused by d…
sequence of events that results in cell growth and ultimately…
process in multi-cellular organisms in which a less-specializ…
nucleic acid which is self-replicating and contains the code…
Cancer
uncontrolled cell division... proliferation of cells caused by d…
Cell cycle
sequence of events that results in cell growth and ultimately…
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