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Study sets matching "unit 6 biology"

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Study sets matching "unit 6 biology"

55 terms
AP Biology: Unit 6
Signal Transduction Pathways
Signal Transduction Pathway: reception
ligand
Signal Transduction Pathway: transduct…
A set of chemical reactions in a cell that occurs when a mole…
ligand (often a hormone) binds to specific receptor protein,…
a molecule that binds to another (usually larger) molecule
cascade of molecules is activated, relaying the signal to cel…
Signal Transduction Pathways
A set of chemical reactions in a cell that occurs when a mole…
Signal Transduction Pathway: reception
ligand (often a hormone) binds to specific receptor protein,…
41 terms
Biology Keystone Unit 6 Vocabulary - Genetics
agriculture
biotechnology
cloning
forensics
The artificial cultivation of food, fiber, and other goods by…
Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or…
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
The science of tests and techniques used during the investiga…
agriculture
The artificial cultivation of food, fiber, and other goods by…
biotechnology
Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or…
17 terms
Biology unit 6
Passive Transport
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
Faciliated Diffusion
Passive transport is a movement of biochemicals and other ato…
The process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes,…
Diffusion is the net passive movement of particles (atoms, io…
A process by which substances are transported across cell mem…
Passive Transport
Passive transport is a movement of biochemicals and other ato…
Concentration Gradient
The process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes,…
47 terms
Biology Unit 6
Rosalind Franklin
Watson and Crick
What are nucleotides?
4 nitrogenous bases
Used X-ray to observe a double helix
Perfected DNA structure and showed how DNA could replicate
Made of sugar and phosphates (and bases)
Adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine
Rosalind Franklin
Used X-ray to observe a double helix
Watson and Crick
Perfected DNA structure and showed how DNA could replicate
14 terms
Unit 6 Topic 1 Biology Vocab
Taxonomy
domain
kingdom
prokaryote
The field in biology that deals with classifying organisms
the largest group in the classification system
the next level down from domain
single-celled organism which lacks a nucleus and organelles
Taxonomy
The field in biology that deals with classifying organisms
domain
the largest group in the classification system
19 terms
Unit 6 Vocabulary, Biology 2
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Epiphyseal Plate
Articular Cartilage
The bone's shaft or body- the long, cylindrical, main portion…
The distal and proximal ends of the bone
A layer of hyaline cartilage that allows the diaphysis of the…
A thin layer of hyaline cartilage covering the part of the ep…
Diaphysis
The bone's shaft or body- the long, cylindrical, main portion…
Epiphysis
The distal and proximal ends of the bone
38 terms
Unit 6 Biology: RNA
RNA
RNA
RNA
RNA
Single helix
Has one more oxygen in sugar than DNA
Has Uracil as a base
Small, usually one gene long
RNA
Single helix
RNA
Has one more oxygen in sugar than DNA
74 terms
Biology Unit 6 Vocab
Life Cycle
Genome
Asexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
The entire sequence of stages in the life of an organism, fro…
A complete (haploid) set of an organisms genes; an organisms…
Creation of genetically identical offspring by a single paren…
The structures that contain most of the organisms DNA
Life Cycle
The entire sequence of stages in the life of an organism, fro…
Genome
A complete (haploid) set of an organisms genes; an organisms…
8 terms
Unit 6 biology
structure of the DNA
James watson and francis crick
what is each strand of DNA made up of
what is a nucleotide
the shape is a double helix
people who stole information from other scientists to form th…
Nucleotides
a compound that consists of a nucleotide linked to a phosphat…
structure of the DNA
the shape is a double helix
James watson and francis crick
people who stole information from other scientists to form th…
5 terms
IB Biology (Unit 6 - Physiology)
Ventilation
Gas exchange
Emphysema
Diaphragm
...
...
...
...
Ventilation
...
Gas exchange
...
16 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle/Cancer Terms (Unit 6)
G1; G2; M Checkpoints
growth factor
density-dependent inhibition
anchorage dependence
G1: checkpoint in between G1 and S phases; if the cell doesn'…
A protein emitted by certain body cells that stimulates other…
phenomenon in which crowded cells stop dividing
most animal cells must be in contact with a solid surface
G1; G2; M Checkpoints
G1: checkpoint in between G1 and S phases; if the cell doesn'…
growth factor
A protein emitted by certain body cells that stimulates other…
20 terms
Biology Unit 6 - Cellular Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
ATP Synthase
Alcoholic Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular respiration that occurs without oxygen
The enzyme used in both cellular respiration and photosynthes…
Type of anaerobic respiration that occurs in fungi and bacter…
Cellular respiration that occurs with oxygen
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular respiration that occurs without oxygen
ATP Synthase
The enzyme used in both cellular respiration and photosynthes…
13 terms
CSHS KUNZ Biology Unit 6 - DNA
DNA replication
double helix
adenine
nucleotide
the process of making a copy of DNA
The shape of DNA.
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
monomer of nucleic acid; consisting of a sugar, phosphate, an…
DNA replication
the process of making a copy of DNA
double helix
The shape of DNA.
43 terms
Biology Unit 6: Genetics and Biotechnology
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Traits
Recessive trait
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Augustinian monk whose experiments in breeding garden peas le…
Characteristics that inherited; can be either dominant or rec…
Trait of an organism that can be masked by the dominant form…
Genetics
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk whose experiments in breeding garden peas le…
16 terms
Unit 6 Vocab Words- Honors Biology
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Photosynthesis
The ability to do work
Energy in motion
Stored energy
Transformation of H20 and CO2 into wood, leaves and other tis…
Energy
The ability to do work
Kinetic Energy
Energy in motion
24 terms
Biology Unit 6
Friedrich (fritz) Miescher
Frederick Griffith
Avery and McLeod
Hershey and Chase
extracted a substance from white blood cells that he called n…
Somehow material was transferred from the dead s-cells to the…
DNA is responsible for transformation
DNA is what is carrying the genetic Material
Friedrich (fritz) Miescher
extracted a substance from white blood cells that he called n…
Frederick Griffith
Somehow material was transferred from the dead s-cells to the…
10 terms
Biology 12/7/15 - Unit 6
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
life of cell from one division to the next
division of cells nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
cell structure that has DNA
Cell cycle
life of cell from one division to the next
Mitosis
division of cells nucleus
39 terms
Biology Unit 6: Photosynthesis
Products of photosynthesis
Where do light dependent reactions hap…
What happens to the oxygen produced in…
In photosynthesis, the electron transp…
Glucose and oxygen
Chloroplast
Released into the atmoshere
ATP and NADPH
Products of photosynthesis
Glucose and oxygen
Where do light dependent reactions hap…
Chloroplast
14 terms
Biology Vocab- Unit 6 Nolan- 8u
passive transport
diffusion
facilitated diffusion
concentration gradient
movement of molecules across cell membranes without energy. m…
passive transport of solute
passive transport of solute using protein channels
the change in the concentration of a solute between two locat…
passive transport
movement of molecules across cell membranes without energy. m…
diffusion
passive transport of solute
33 terms
IB biology unit 6.1
Digestion
Absorption
Digestive system
Mouth
The catabolic reaction in the digestive tract where ingested…
The process of absorbing or assimilating substances into cell…
A system of organs in which the major function is to convert…
Ingestion and chewing
Digestion
The catabolic reaction in the digestive tract where ingested…
Absorption
The process of absorbing or assimilating substances into cell…
35 terms
Honors Biology Unit 6
autotrophs
biochemical pathways
hetertrophs
6CO2+6H2O= C6H12O6+6O2
this depends on photosynthesis for food
series of reactions of photosynthesis
depends on animals and other organisms that must get energy f…
equation for photosynthesis
autotrophs
this depends on photosynthesis for food
biochemical pathways
series of reactions of photosynthesis
42 terms
Unit 6 Biology
primary transcript
secondary transcript
what is a transgenic organism?
why could transgenic organisms pose a…
dna
rna
genetically modified organisms; organisms that possess traits…
they could alter DNA to disclude traits that are needed for o…
primary transcript
dna
secondary transcript
rna
51 terms
Bio Unit 6 - Animal Biology
Phylum Porifera common name
what are sponges also known as
how many known species are there
what type of water do most live in
sponges
pore-bearers
5,000-10,000 known species in variety of sizes, shapes and co…
saltwater
Phylum Porifera common name
sponges
what are sponges also known as
pore-bearers
35 terms
IGCSE CIE Biology Unit 6 Plant Nutrition
Photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Testing for starch
Light
the process by which plants make glucose from raw materials u…
contain chlorophyll which absorbs light energy that is used i…
- Soften the leaf an denature enzymes by submerging the leaf…
provides energy for the process of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
the process by which plants make glucose from raw materials u…
Chloroplasts
contain chlorophyll which absorbs light energy that is used i…
25 terms
Biology unit 6
cell recycles _____ ATP/min.
Catabolic reactions
1 example of a catabolic reaction
What is an anaerobic reaction?
all
-"break down" molecules... - releases energy (exergonic)
cellular respiration
reaction without oxygen
cell recycles _____ ATP/min.
all
Catabolic reactions
-"break down" molecules... - releases energy (exergonic)
25 terms
Biology Vocal. Unit 6 DNA
amino acid
cancer
carrier
codon
building blocks of protein
an diseases caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal ce…
a person or animal that transmit a disease causing organisms…
a sequence of three nucleotides that together form a unit of…
amino acid
building blocks of protein
cancer
an diseases caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal ce…
Unit 6 Biology
What are the agents of disease?
How are diseases spread?
What are external barriers?
What are the nonspecific responses?
Bacteria, viruses, fungi, protists, parasites
coughing, sneezing physical contact, exchange of body fluids,…
skin, tears, hair, mucus, saliva, etc
Histamines, fever, interferons
What are the agents of disease?
Bacteria, viruses, fungi, protists, parasites
How are diseases spread?
coughing, sneezing physical contact, exchange of body fluids,…
32 terms
Biology Unit 6
What two mechanisms shuffle genes in a…
How are acquired traits different from…
What is evolution?
Will global warming cause the extincti…
Independent assortment and crossing over.
An adaptation is a trait from a parent passed onto an offspri…
Evolution is the change in inherited characteristics in a pop…
*Yes.
What two mechanisms shuffle genes in a…
Independent assortment and crossing over.
How are acquired traits different from…
An adaptation is a trait from a parent passed onto an offspri…
Biology Unit 6
Whats Asexual Reproduction?
Whats Sexual Reproduction?
Whats Recombination (Crossing Over)?
Whats Meiosis?
offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes…
production of new living organisms by combining genetic infor…
artificial joining of segments of DNA from different organisms
cell division that results in four daughter cells each with h…
Whats Asexual Reproduction?
offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes…
Whats Sexual Reproduction?
production of new living organisms by combining genetic infor…
112 terms
Honors Biology Unit 6 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Chromosome
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
The division of a cell into a certain number of daughter cells.
Thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal a…
Type of Sexual Reproduction:... - Genetically identical daughter…
- Fusion of gametes (egg cell and sperm cell) aka fertilizati…
Cell Division
The division of a cell into a certain number of daughter cells.
Chromosome
Thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal a…
22 terms
Unit 6 flash cards biology
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
Ribonucleic acid; guides protein synthesis
Travel from nucleus to ribosome to direct the synthesis of a…
Associates with proteins to form ribosomes in the cytoplasm
Transport amino acids to the ribosome
RNA
Ribonucleic acid; guides protein synthesis
Messenger RNA
Travel from nucleus to ribosome to direct the synthesis of a…
60 terms
Biology Honors Unit 6 Vocab
Life cycle
genome
asexual reproduction
chromosomes
All of the events in the growth and development of an organis…
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
Life cycle
All of the events in the growth and development of an organis…
genome
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
24 terms
Biology Unit 6 Cell Division Flashcards
Interphase
Telophase
Anaphase
Metaphase
the growth phase of the cell cycle... G1: the cell grows and ma…
Cell finishes dividing, chromosomes lengthen and become thinn…
Chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Interphase
the growth phase of the cell cycle... G1: the cell grows and ma…
Telophase
Cell finishes dividing, chromosomes lengthen and become thinn…
27 terms
Biology Unit 6: Mitosis
Mitosis
Diploid
Haploid
Humans and chromosomes
A process of cell division in eukaryotic cells. Involves five…
2 sets of chromosomes. 2n
1 set of chromosomes. n. Two of these make up a diploid.
2n=46... n=23... Human females have 2 copies of chromosomes 1-22 an…
Mitosis
A process of cell division in eukaryotic cells. Involves five…
Diploid
2 sets of chromosomes. 2n
57 terms
Biology unit 6 cell cycle flashcards
Life cycle
Genome
Asexual reproduction
Chromosomes
the series of changes in the life of an organism, including r…
the haploid set of chromosomes in a gamete or microorganism,…
a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Life cycle
the series of changes in the life of an organism, including r…
Genome
the haploid set of chromosomes in a gamete or microorganism,…
24 terms
Unit 6 - Biology
organism
development
reproduction
metamorphosis
a living thing... 5 characteristics: ... • Made of cells... • Organic…
when an organism changes and becomes more complicated
when organisms make offspring (children) that are similar to…
when an animal's body changes dramatically from one form to a…
organism
a living thing... 5 characteristics: ... • Made of cells... • Organic…
development
when an organism changes and becomes more complicated
17 terms
Biology Unit 6: Molecules of Life
atom
molecule
lipid
Protons
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A particle made of two or more atoms bonded together; can be…
Fats; made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; basic structure i…
A positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
molecule
A particle made of two or more atoms bonded together; can be…
46 terms
Biology Unit 6: Genetics, Heredity, Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosomes
sister chromatid
centromere
a segment of a chromosome that controls the production of a s…
the chromosomes, one from each parent, that form a pair; they…
each half of a singular chromosome
the structure at the center of each chromosome holding the si…
gene
a segment of a chromosome that controls the production of a s…
homologous chromosomes
the chromosomes, one from each parent, that form a pair; they…
58 terms
Biology Unit 6 Learning Targets
Fredrick Griffith
Oswald Avery
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
Erwin Chargaff
A scientist who experimented with rats and pathogenic and non…
A scientist who postulated that DNA is the agent of transform…
Scientists who look at how bacteriophages worked and deduced…
A scientist who studied the composition of DNA, who postulate…
Fredrick Griffith
A scientist who experimented with rats and pathogenic and non…
Oswald Avery
A scientist who postulated that DNA is the agent of transform…
19 terms
Biology Unit 6 Study Guide
Understand early Blending Hypthesis... Ex…
Understand Particulate Hypothesis
Understand true-breeding
Monohybrid Cross: Number of generation…
Ex. Red-flowered plant crossed with yellow-flowered plants of…
Parents pass on to their offspring separate & distinct factor…
When self-fertilized, true-breeding plant produces offspring…
Pairing in which parent plants differ in only one (mono) char…
Understand early Blending Hypthesis... Ex…
Ex. Red-flowered plant crossed with yellow-flowered plants of…
Understand Particulate Hypothesis
Parents pass on to their offspring separate & distinct factor…
43 terms
Biology Unit 6: Genetics and Biotechnology
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Traits
Recessive trait
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Augustinian monk whose experiments in breeding garden peas le…
Characteristics that inherited; can be either dominant or rec…
Trait of an organism that can be masked by the dominant form…
Genetics
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk whose experiments in breeding garden peas le…
24 terms
Biology Unit 6 - Humans in the Biosphere (Ecology)
Agriculture
Urbanization
Industrial growth
Sustainable Development
Change ecosystem to make farm
building of cities
factories - Use lots of energy, produce lots of waste
Use resources for human needs in a way that will preserve the…
Agriculture
Change ecosystem to make farm
Urbanization
building of cities
Biology Unit 6
monohybrid cross
genoptype
phenotype
co-dominance
another word for punnet squares; a genetic cross between pare…
the genetic makeup of an organism
the physical traits people see
situation in which both alleles of a gene contribute to the p…
monohybrid cross
another word for punnet squares; a genetic cross between pare…
genoptype
the genetic makeup of an organism
42 terms
Biology Unit 6
Genetics
Traits
Recessive Trait
Dominant Trait
study of heredity
a distinguishing quality characteristic
the weaker trait compared to the dominant, sometimes hidden
stronger allele, most of the time overshadowing the recessive…
Genetics
study of heredity
Traits
a distinguishing quality characteristic
Biology Unit 6 Cell Division
What causes cells to die
Difference between Mitosis and Meiosis
Basic Chromosome
Cell Cycle
Natural death, disease, and injuries
Mitosis- The chromosome # stays the same, there is always two…
What causes cells to die
Natural death, disease, and injuries
Difference between Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis- The chromosome # stays the same, there is always two…
42 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 6: The Respiratory System
thoracic activity
Air is drawn in through the _____, and…
Alveoli
Surfactant
the structure of which is specially designed to perform breat…
nares; pharynx; vibrissae; larynx; trachea; bronchi; bronchio…
small sacs that interfere with the pulmonary capillaries, all…
in the alveoli reduces surface tension at the liquid-gas inte…
thoracic activity
the structure of which is specially designed to perform breat…
Air is drawn in through the _____, and…
nares; pharynx; vibrissae; larynx; trachea; bronchi; bronchio…
24 terms
Biology Vocabulary Unit 6 Chapter 5
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Daughter Cells
A regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication and cell divisio…
The division of the cell nucleus and its contents
The process that divides the cell cytoplasm
The two cells that are the result of cytokinesis--... both are g…
Cell Cycle
A regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication and cell divisio…
Mitosis
The division of the cell nucleus and its contents
15 terms
Pozen Biology/Academy Biology Unit 6 Microscopy
Bacteria
Binomial nomenclature
Domain
Taxonomy
unicellular, prokaryotic organism
a system for giving each organism a two word scientific name…
the largest taxonomic group
the science of naming and classifying organisms
Bacteria
unicellular, prokaryotic organism
Binomial nomenclature
a system for giving each organism a two word scientific name…
13 terms
Biology unit 6
absorption
blade
cuticle
guard cells
the process of roots taking in water and minerals from the soil
the broad portion of the leaf that carries out photosynthesis
a thick waxy layer on a leaf that helps protect the leaf and…
cells surrounding stomata that through osmosis regulate the o…
absorption
the process of roots taking in water and minerals from the soil
blade
the broad portion of the leaf that carries out photosynthesis
13 terms
Unit 6 Biology Vocab
Aerobic
Alcoholic Fermentation
Anaerobic
ATP
Needs oxygen to take place
Converts sugars into cellular energy
Doesn't need oxygen to take place
Adenosine Triphosphate
Aerobic
Needs oxygen to take place
Alcoholic Fermentation
Converts sugars into cellular energy
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