Study sets matching "unit 6 biology"

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Study sets matching "unit 6 biology"

unit 6 and 7 biology
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
budding
vegetative propagation
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A form of asexual reproduction of yeast in which a new cell g…
Makes a new organism from parts of an old organism
asexual reproduction
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
15 terms
Unit 6 Vocabulary Terms Biology
Amino Acid
Central Dogma
Chargaff's Rules
Codon
Building blocks of protein
States that information flows in one direction from DNA to RN…
amount of A=T and G=C
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
Amino Acid
Building blocks of protein
Central Dogma
States that information flows in one direction from DNA to RN…
41 terms
Biology Study Guide Unit 6
Cell cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
Cell cycles is the process a cell goes through to either spli…
Interphase is the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical…
The G1 phase, or Gap 1 phase, is the first of four phases of…
S-phase (synthesis phase) is the part of the cell cycle in wh…
Cell cycle
Cell cycles is the process a cell goes through to either spli…
Interphase
Interphase is the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical…
18 terms
Biology Vocab Unit 6
active transport
cell
diffusion
endocytosis
takes energy
basic unit
high to low
move in
active transport
takes energy
cell
basic unit
56 terms
Biology unit 6
Aero-
Chloro-
Meso-
-phyll
In the presence of air or oxygen
green
In the middle
leaf
Aero-
In the presence of air or oxygen
Chloro-
green
11 terms
Biology Unit 6 - Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Chromosomes
Genes
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the scientific study of heredity
rod shaped structures in the nucleus that transmit genetic in…
units of heredity information found on the chromosomes
Heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Biology Unit 6 Vocab
Crossing-over
Independent assortment
Spermatogenesis
Sperm
The exchange of genetic materials between homologous chromoso…
The random distribution of the pairs of genes on different ch…
The process in which spermatoza are produced from spermatogon…
The male gamete (sex cell)
Crossing-over
The exchange of genetic materials between homologous chromoso…
Independent assortment
The random distribution of the pairs of genes on different ch…
13 terms
Unit 6 Biology Vocab
Aerobic
Alcoholic Fermentation
Anaerobic
ATP
Needs oxygen to take place
Converts sugars into cellular energy
Doesn't need oxygen to take place
Adenosine Triphosphate
Aerobic
Needs oxygen to take place
Alcoholic Fermentation
Converts sugars into cellular energy
13 terms
Biology unit 6
absorption
blade
cuticle
guard cells
the process of roots taking in water and minerals from the soil
the broad portion of the leaf that carries out photosynthesis
a thick waxy layer on a leaf that helps protect the leaf and…
cells surrounding stomata that through osmosis regulate the o…
absorption
the process of roots taking in water and minerals from the soil
blade
the broad portion of the leaf that carries out photosynthesis
85 terms
Biology 1H- Unit 6 Ecology
Ecology
Fundamental goal of ecology
population
Population ecologists focus on studyin…
the scientific study of the interactions of organisms with th…
explain distribution of organisms.... - Distribution due to:... - E…
a group of individuals of a single species that occupy the sa…
1. A population's density and distribution of individuals.... 2.…
Ecology
the scientific study of the interactions of organisms with th…
Fundamental goal of ecology
explain distribution of organisms.... - Distribution due to:... - E…
38 terms
Biology Unit 6: Vocabulary
Moss
Apical meristem
Cambium
Mesophyll
An example of a nonvascular plant
The part of the plant that causes vertical growth
This growth tissue allows for growth in width/girth
Cells in the leaf that perform photosynthesis
Moss
An example of a nonvascular plant
Apical meristem
The part of the plant that causes vertical growth
Biology Unit 6 Vocabulary
absorbtion
blade
cuticle
guard cells
the process of the roots taking in water and minerals from th…
the broad portion of the leaf that carries out photosynthesis
a thick waxy layer on a leaf that helps protect the leaf and…
cells surrounding stomata that through osmosis regulate the o…
absorbtion
the process of the roots taking in water and minerals from th…
blade
the broad portion of the leaf that carries out photosynthesis
46 terms
Biology Unit 6 Mitosis and Meiosis PP
Anaphase
Cell Cycle
Centromere
Cytokinesis
What phase is when the spindle fibers shorten and pull apart…
What is the process called when cells grow and divide into tw…
What is the region of contact between sister chromatids, whic…
What is the stage following mitosis in which the cytoplasm sp…
Anaphase
What phase is when the spindle fibers shorten and pull apart…
Cell Cycle
What is the process called when cells grow and divide into tw…
Biology: Unit 6 Vocab
cell
cell theory
microscope
electron microscope
basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
states that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
a piece of laboratory equipment that is used to magnify small…
a microscope with high magnification and resolution, employin…
cell
basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
cell theory
states that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
14 terms
Biology Unit 6: Vocab
eyepiece
coarse adjustment knob
body tube
fine adjustment knob
further magnifies the image by 10x; it's what you look through
focuses on the specimen; only use it on scanning; lowers and…
allows the light from the objective to pass upward to form th…
also focuses on the specimen; use on any objective; smaller k…
eyepiece
further magnifies the image by 10x; it's what you look through
coarse adjustment knob
focuses on the specimen; only use it on scanning; lowers and…
27 terms
Biology Unit 6 Review
List the main components that all viru…
Is a virus living or non-living? Expla…
Explain why antibiotics are an effecti…
What is the type of movement and speci…
Viruses have an outer protein covering called a capsid and an…
Nonliving. Viruses cannot reproduce on their own, they requir…
Antibiotics inhabit a cells normal function. Bacteria are liv…
-Pseudopodia for eating and movement... -Phagocytosis
List the main components that all viru…
Viruses have an outer protein covering called a capsid and an…
Is a virus living or non-living? Expla…
Nonliving. Viruses cannot reproduce on their own, they requir…
39 terms
Biology Unit 6: Photosynthesis
Products of photosynthesis
Where do light dependent reactions hap…
What happens to the oxygen produced in…
In photosynthesis, the electron transp…
Glucose and oxygen
Chloroplast
Released into the atmoshere
ATP and NADPH
Products of photosynthesis
Glucose and oxygen
Where do light dependent reactions hap…
Chloroplast
41 terms
Biology Keystone Unit 6 Vocabulary
agriculture
biotechnology
cloning
forensics
The artificial cultivation of food, fiber, and other goods by…
Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or…
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
The science of tests and techniques used during the investiga…
agriculture
The artificial cultivation of food, fiber, and other goods by…
biotechnology
Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or…
108 terms
Biology Unit 6 Evolution Notes
Universe Age?
Universe Formation
Earth's Age
Earth's Formation
15 Billion years old
Began as a dense concentration of matter. (Big Bang Theory-ex…
4.6 Billion years old
Formed as part of the Milky Way Galaxy. (One out of thousands…
Universe Age?
15 Billion years old
Universe Formation
Began as a dense concentration of matter. (Big Bang Theory-ex…
Biology Vocabulary Unit 6
Genetics
Phenotype
Heredity
Heterozygous
Study of Heredity
Expression of Gene
Passing of traits from parent to child
Combo of one recessive and one dominant allele
Genetics
Study of Heredity
Phenotype
Expression of Gene
52 terms
Biology Unit 6
What are some of the difficulties a ce…
If a cell gets too large...
Before a cell grows too large it goes…
How do asexual and sexual reproduction…
~More demands the cell places in DNA... ~Larger cell is less eff…
the surface area if the cell is not large enough to get enoug…
Cell division
~Genetically identical= Asexual... ~Genetically diverse= Sexual
What are some of the difficulties a ce…
~More demands the cell places in DNA... ~Larger cell is less eff…
If a cell gets too large...
the surface area if the cell is not large enough to get enoug…
Biology Honors Unit 6
Gregor Mendel
Reginald Punnett
Walter S. Sutton
Thomas Hunt Morgan
-"father of genetics... -monk that studied inheritance in pea pl…
created punnett square (short hand way of determining possibl…
- developed the chromosome Theory of Herdity which states tha…
- studied genetics in fruit flies because of their ability of…
Gregor Mendel
-"father of genetics... -monk that studied inheritance in pea pl…
Reginald Punnett
created punnett square (short hand way of determining possibl…
143 terms
biology unit 6
Animalia
Archaea
Eubacteria
Eukaryote
the kingdom which contains multicellular eukaryotic organisms…
the kingdom of prokaryotic unicellular organisms known for li…
the kingdom of prokaryotic organisms which are commonly known…
an organism whose cells contain a nucleus and membrane bound…
Animalia
the kingdom which contains multicellular eukaryotic organisms…
Archaea
the kingdom of prokaryotic unicellular organisms known for li…
61 terms
Biology Unit 6-- DNA
Job of the nucleus
In the nucleus
Job of the nucleolus
Job of the ribosomes
Stores information and is the control center of the cell
The nucleolus
To make ribosomes
Make protein for the cell
Job of the nucleus
Stores information and is the control center of the cell
In the nucleus
The nucleolus
18 terms
Biology Unit 6 Vocab
Active transport
Cell
Diffusion
Endocytosis
Takes energy
Basic unit
High to low
Move in
Active transport
Takes energy
Cell
Basic unit
Biology Unit 6
Genome
Heredity
Chromosome theory of heredity
Gene
Complete complement of an organism's DNA.
Way of transferring genetic information to offspring.
Chromosomes carry genes.
"Unit of heredity."
Genome
Complete complement of an organism's DNA.
Heredity
Way of transferring genetic information to offspring.
68 terms
biology unit:6
trait
gene
allele
heredity
inherited characteristic
unit of heredity info; codes for one trait (protein)
different forms of same gene/trait
passing of traits from parent to offspring
trait
inherited characteristic
gene
unit of heredity info; codes for one trait (protein)
20 terms
Biology Unit 6: Vocab
The cell cycle
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
(Blank) extends from the "birth" of a cell to the time the ce…
· (Blank) is the stage during which a cell carries out it's m…
Cell is growing. G stands for gap.
Duplication of the DNA in the cells Chromosomes. S stand for…
The cell cycle
(Blank) extends from the "birth" of a cell to the time the ce…
Interphase
· (Blank) is the stage during which a cell carries out it's m…
21 terms
Biology Unit 6
Mendels Experiments
alleles
P Generation
heterozygous
he eliminated self pollination in pea plants, study the trait…
a variant form of a gene
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Mendels Experiments
he eliminated self pollination in pea plants, study the trait…
alleles
a variant form of a gene
24 terms
Biology Unit 6
DNA
Anticodon
Base Pairing
Chromatin
Genetic Material that stores and transmits hereditary informa…
A sequence of three nucleotides forming a unit of genetic cod…
A=T... C=G
The material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
DNA
Genetic Material that stores and transmits hereditary informa…
Anticodon
A sequence of three nucleotides forming a unit of genetic cod…
Biology unit 6
Plasma
Albumin
Globulin
Fibrinogen
Straw colored fluid that makes up about 55% of blood
...
...
...
Plasma
Straw colored fluid that makes up about 55% of blood
Albumin
...
13 terms
CSHS Munson Biology Unit 6 - DNA
DNA replication
double helix
adenine
nucleotide
the process of making a copy of DNA
The shape of DNA.
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
monomer of nucleic acid; consisting of a sugar, phosphate, an…
DNA replication
the process of making a copy of DNA
double helix
The shape of DNA.
31 terms
Unit 6 Biology Vocabulary
Plasma
Albumin
Globulin
Fibrinogen
A straw-colored fluid that makes up about most of the blood.
A simple form of protein that is soluble in water.
Any group of simple proteins soluble in salt solutions and fo…
A soluble protein present in blood plasma, from which fibrin…
Plasma
A straw-colored fluid that makes up about most of the blood.
Albumin
A simple form of protein that is soluble in water.
15 terms
Biology Unit 6 Vocab
Anti-Condon
Chromatin
Codon
Frameshift Mutation
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA…
Three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a s…
Mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic messa…
Anti-Condon
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Chromatin
Granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA…
16 terms
Unit 6 - Biology
Point Mutations
Substitution
Frameshift
Insertion
a mutation affecting only one or very few nucleotides in a ge…
substitutes one nucleotide for another
a mutation that shifts the entire sequence by one or more nuc…
one or more nucleotides are added into a DNA sequence
Point Mutations
a mutation affecting only one or very few nucleotides in a ge…
Substitution
substitutes one nucleotide for another
Unit 6 biology vocab
De-
Oxy-
-ose
Semi-
Removal; away from
With oxygen
Sugar; carbohydrate
Partial; half
De-
Removal; away from
Oxy-
With oxygen
57 terms
Biology Unit 6 Vocab
allele
bacterial transformation
bioethics
biotechnology
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
process by which bacterial cells take up naked DNA molecules.…
Application of ethics to medicine and all life sciences
the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and o…
allele
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
bacterial transformation
process by which bacterial cells take up naked DNA molecules.…
Evolution Biology Unit 6
Evolution
Variation
Adaptation
Artificial Selection
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Any difference between individuals of the same species.
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
Evolution
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Variation
Any difference between individuals of the same species.
15 terms
Biology Unit 6
Dominant
Recessive
Allele
Genotype
The version of the gene that "overpowers" the other form... Ex.…
The version of the gene that can be "overpowered" (b) ; only…
Different form of the same gene ... Ex. B/b
2 copies of the gene ( one from each parent)... Ex. Bb "brown"... b…
Dominant
The version of the gene that "overpowers" the other form... Ex.…
Recessive
The version of the gene that can be "overpowered" (b) ; only…
Biology Unit 6
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
autotrophs
heterotrophc
changing radiant energy from the sun into chemical energy
taking food in our cells and turning it into ATP
make their own food from the sun
must obtain glucose from animals that have eaten the plants
photosynthesis
changing radiant energy from the sun into chemical energy
cellular respiration
taking food in our cells and turning it into ATP
Biology Unit 6
carn-
detrit-
eco-
herb-
flesh
wear off
a house, adobe
grass
carn-
flesh
detrit-
wear off
14 terms
biology unit 6
spontaneous generation
essetuialism
scala naturae
gradualism
Aristotle, organisms can emerge from inanimate matter
Aristotle, species do not change but have fixed charicteristics
Aristotle, ladder organization of species arranged by "lower…
the earth changes gradually over time
spontaneous generation
Aristotle, organisms can emerge from inanimate matter
essetuialism
Aristotle, species do not change but have fixed charicteristics
AP Biology: Unit 6
Signal Transduction Pathways
Signal Transduction Pathway: reception
ligand
Signal Transduction Pathway: transduct…
A set of chemical reactions in a cell that occurs when a mole…
ligand (often a hormone) binds to specific receptor protein,…
a molecule that binds to another (usually larger) molecule
cascade of molecules is activated, relaying the signal to cel…
Signal Transduction Pathways
A set of chemical reactions in a cell that occurs when a mole…
Signal Transduction Pathway: reception
ligand (often a hormone) binds to specific receptor protein,…
18 terms
Biology unit 6
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Traits
Recessive trait
Study of heredity
Studied pea plants to observe traits
Characteristic that is inherited
A trait that can be masked by dominant trait
Genetics
Study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Studied pea plants to observe traits
20 terms
Biology Unit 6 Vocabulary
Genetics
Traits
Gene
Allele
The branch of biology that studies heredity
Characteristics that are inherited; can be either dominant or…
A segment of DNA that controls the protein production and the…
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Genetics
The branch of biology that studies heredity
Traits
Characteristics that are inherited; can be either dominant or…
Unit 6 Biology Vocab
Anther
Autotroph
Cell wall
Central vacuole
at the tip of the stamen, makes the pollen (contains the sperm)
an self-supporting organism that uses natural resources
the firm outer layer of plant cells
the main storage organelle of a plant, usually holds water
Anther
at the tip of the stamen, makes the pollen (contains the sperm)
Autotroph
an self-supporting organism that uses natural resources
Biology unit 6
Antiparallel
DNA
Nitrogenous base
Nucleotide
Parallel but moving or oriented in opposite directions
Molecule that stores genetic information in all organisms
Nitrogen containing molecule that contains the the chemical p…
Monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Antiparallel
Parallel but moving or oriented in opposite directions
DNA
Molecule that stores genetic information in all organisms
50 terms
Biology unit 6
Taxonomy
Classification
Domain
Kingdom
The branch of science concerned with classification of organi…
The action or process of classifying something according to s…
Largest taxa; there are three; archaebacteria, eubacteria, an…
Second largest taxa; there are six; archaebacteria, eubacteri…
Taxonomy
The branch of science concerned with classification of organi…
Classification
The action or process of classifying something according to s…
57 terms
Biology Unit 6
Collar Pins
Capsid Head
RNA
sheath
sensing
protecting coat surrounding a virus
composition, makeup, coding, replication
protective covering
Collar Pins
sensing
Capsid Head
protecting coat surrounding a virus
10 terms
Biology Unit 6
Matter can be ____, energy cannot be _…
90% of energy is lost as _____ when it…
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
recycled
heat
Any organism that can make its own food (glucose).
Any organism that cannot make its own food (glucose).
Matter can be ____, energy cannot be _…
recycled
90% of energy is lost as _____ when it…
heat
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