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Study sets matching "upper respiratory"

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Study sets matching "upper respiratory"

17 terms
upper respiratory
nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses,…
external nare
internal nare
inferior nasal conchae
upper respiratory system
nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses,…
upper respiratory system
external nare
24 terms
Upper Respiratory
Frontal sinus
Nasal conchae
Nasal meatuses (superior, middle, infe…
Nasal vestibule
Frontal sinus
Nasal conchae
31 terms
Upper Respiratory
what does the upper respiratory tract…
what are the nostrils also known as?
what are the nares?
where are the nasal passages located?
nose, nasal passageways, pharynx, larynx, trachea
nares
external openings of the respiratory tube and they lead to th…
between the nares and the pharynx
what does the upper respiratory tract…
nose, nasal passageways, pharynx, larynx, trachea
what are the nostrils also known as?
nares
14 terms
Upper Respiratory
nasal septum
apex
external naris
ala
nasal septum
apex
53 terms
Respiratory upper
nasal cavity
larynx
trachea
cribriform plate of ethmoid bone
nasal cavity
larynx
53 terms
Respiratory upper
nasal cavity
larynx
trachea
cribriform plate of ethmoid bone
nasal cavity
larynx
168 terms
Upper Respiratory
Allergic rhinitis testing
Otitis media pathogens
When to take ear specimens for otitis…
Problems with taking ear specimen for…
- CBC for eosinophils... - Nasal secretions - smear for eosinoph…
- Streptococcus pneumonae... - Haemophilus influenzae... - Moraxell…
- If no improvement... - If fever develops while on antibiotic
- Scant specimens... - Cerumen has colonized
Allergic rhinitis testing
- CBC for eosinophils... - Nasal secretions - smear for eosinoph…
Otitis media pathogens
- Streptococcus pneumonae... - Haemophilus influenzae... - Moraxell…
22 terms
upper respiratory
upper respiratory infections
allergy symptoms
URI
influenza
illnesses caused by acute infection that involves the nose, s…
itchy water eyes... nasal congestion... sneezing - Very common... some…
Very Common:... -sneezing... -sore throat... Common:... -nasal discharge…
Very common:... -malaise... -fever... -fatigue... -malaise... -muscle pain... C…
upper respiratory infections
illnesses caused by acute infection that involves the nose, s…
allergy symptoms
itchy water eyes... nasal congestion... sneezing - Very common... some…
19 terms
Upper Respiratory
Allergic rhinitis
Deviated septum
Epistaxis
Rhinoplasty
the reaction of the nasal mucosa to a specific allergen.
a deflection of the normally straight nasal septum.
nosebleed
surgical repair of the nose
Allergic rhinitis
the reaction of the nasal mucosa to a specific allergen.
Deviated septum
a deflection of the normally straight nasal septum.
39 terms
Upper respiratory
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
nasal cavity
pharynx
17 terms
Upper Respiratory
aphonia
epistaxis
exacerbation
decongestant
complete voice loss
nose bleeding
sudden worsening of symptoms
cause vascular constriction within the capillaries of the muc…
aphonia
complete voice loss
epistaxis
nose bleeding
10 terms
Upper respiratory
Nas/o
Rhin/o
Sept/o
Sinus/o
Nose
Nose
Septum
Sinus,cavity
Nas/o
Nose
Rhin/o
Nose
21 terms
UPPER RESPIRATORY
Middle Nasal concha
Ethmoid bone
Uvula
Sphenoid sinus
Middle Nasal concha
Ethmoid bone
Upper Respiratory
Acute Rhinitis (Coryza)
Acute Rhinitis (Coryza) Most common vi…
Acute Rhinitis (Coryza) SX
Acute Rhinitis (Coryza) Diagnostic Tes…
Most common infectious disease... Acute viral infection or peren…
*Rhinovirus... Coronavirus... Myxovirus... Adenovirus... Coxsackievirus... E…
*Red & swollen nasal mucosa congestion... *Sneezing... *Rhinorrhea…
None except to r/o allergic rhinitis, measles, rubella
Acute Rhinitis (Coryza)
Most common infectious disease... Acute viral infection or peren…
Acute Rhinitis (Coryza) Most common vi…
*Rhinovirus... Coronavirus... Myxovirus... Adenovirus... Coxsackievirus... E…
25 terms
Upper Respiratory
Rhinovirus. lasts? seasonal?
Rhino lasts... Adeno lasts... Coronoa lasts
Adenovirus causes? pathogenesis? survi…
Complication of adenovirus in children
Rhinitis-cold... IV Picorna: + RNA... naked, icosahedral... greater th…
Rhino 2-7days- not winter rhino ruins summer... Adeno 7days-3mon…
class I, naked, icosahedral, linear... exudative pharyngitis, co…
hemorrhagic cystitis
Rhinovirus. lasts? seasonal?
Rhinitis-cold... IV Picorna: + RNA... naked, icosahedral... greater th…
Rhino lasts... Adeno lasts... Coronoa lasts
Rhino 2-7days- not winter rhino ruins summer... Adeno 7days-3mon…
8 terms
Upper Respiratory
Adenoido
Laryngo
Naso/rhino
Pharyngo
Adenoids
Larynx, voice box
Nose
Pharynx, throat
Adenoido
Adenoids
Laryngo
Larynx, voice box
29 terms
Upper Respiratory
Histamine
Antihistamine action
Antihistamine actions
Antihistamine uses
released in response to allergic reaction, dilate arterioles,…
competes with histamine at receptor site, preventing effect o…
block histamine effect, preventing effect on tissue by blocki…
seasonal allergies, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctiviti…
Histamine
released in response to allergic reaction, dilate arterioles,…
Antihistamine action
competes with histamine at receptor site, preventing effect o…
24 terms
Upper Respiratory
What is a deviated septum?
What is a common nasal fracture?
Name 2 different nasal fractures?
Nursing management for nasal Fx?
deflection of the normally straight nasal septum, which alter…
Bilateral Fx, gives nose a flattened look.
unilateral and complex Fx, which may involve damage to adjace…
Maintain airway, reduce edema, prevent complication, elevate…
What is a deviated septum?
deflection of the normally straight nasal septum, which alter…
What is a common nasal fracture?
Bilateral Fx, gives nose a flattened look.
Upper Respiratory
diphenhydramine (antihistamine) side e…
diphenhydramine contraindications
fluticasone side effects
When should a patient not use an intra…
anticholinergic effects (urinary retention, dry mouth) hypote…
prostate hypertrophy or narrow-angle glaucoma
nasal irritation or nose bleeds
With known infection, be causes corticosteroids suppress immu…
diphenhydramine (antihistamine) side e…
anticholinergic effects (urinary retention, dry mouth) hypote…
diphenhydramine contraindications
prostate hypertrophy or narrow-angle glaucoma
49 terms
Respiratory-- Upper respiratory tract
nasal cavity; upper
larynx; lower
right primary bronchus; lower
left primary bronchus; lower
what is "A" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
what is "B" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
what is "C" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
what is "D" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
nasal cavity; upper
what is "A" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
larynx; lower
what is "B" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
47 terms
Upper Respiratory Infection Microbiology
Clinical Manifestation of Rhinitis
Pathophysiology of Rhinitis
Why doesn't rhinovirus spread further…
Greatest Source of Spread of Rhinoviru…
Nasal stuffiness, headache, sneezing
Rhinovirus infects cells lining nasal passages and pharynx ->…
Because rhinoviruses have an optimal growth temp. of ~32 degr…
Fingers; nasal mucosa and conjunctival surface of eye are mos…
Clinical Manifestation of Rhinitis
Nasal stuffiness, headache, sneezing
Pathophysiology of Rhinitis
Rhinovirus infects cells lining nasal passages and pharynx ->…
39 terms
Upper Respiratory
What is included in the upper respirat…
What is the function of the upper resp…
What does lower respiratory system con…
What is Viral Upper Respiratory Infect…
-nose, sinuses, pharynx, larynx- closes when we swallow so fo…
-serves as passageway for air and CO2 exchange in the lungs... -…
-lungs-right has three lobes and the left is smaller and has…
-Most common cause is the rhinovirus... -spread by aero-solized…
What is included in the upper respirat…
-nose, sinuses, pharynx, larynx- closes when we swallow so fo…
What is the function of the upper resp…
-serves as passageway for air and CO2 exchange in the lungs... -…
14 terms
Upper Respiratory : Respiratory System
nasal septum
apex of nose
external naris
ala of nose
nasal septum
apex of nose
48 terms
Upper respiratory
Antitussives:
Antitussives:... Therapeutic actions
Antitussives:... Pharmacokinetics
Antitussives... Adverse effects
Drugs that supress cough reflex
Either act directly on the medullary cough center to depress…
Rapidly absorbed ... Metabolized in liver... Excreted in urine ... Cro…
Drying effect ... N/V... Constipation ... Drowsiness ... Sedation ... GI ups…
Antitussives:
Drugs that supress cough reflex
Antitussives:... Therapeutic actions
Either act directly on the medullary cough center to depress…
63 terms
Upper Respiratory
nose, sinuses, pharynx, larynx, trachea
cleanses, humidifies and warms the air
ventilation
ventilation, perfusion, diffusion
Upper respiratory system consists of what parts
what is the function of the respiratory system
inspiration and expiration of air is called
three components of respiration are
nose, sinuses, pharynx, larynx, trachea
Upper respiratory system consists of what parts
cleanses, humidifies and warms the air
what is the function of the respiratory system
49 terms
Respiratory-- Upper respiratory tract
nasal cavity; upper
larynx; lower
right primary bronchus; lower
left primary bronchus; lower
what is "A" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
what is "B" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
what is "C" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
what is "D" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
nasal cavity; upper
what is "A" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
larynx; lower
what is "B" and is it (upper/lower) respiratory tract
16 terms
upper respiratory
separates oral and nasal cavities
food passageway posterior to the trachea
closes off the larynx during swallowing
windpipe
palate (hard)
esophagus
epiglottis
trachea
separates oral and nasal cavities
palate (hard)
food passageway posterior to the trachea
esophagus
21 terms
Upper Respiratory
Empirical Therapy
Echinacea
Goldenseal (indications)
Histamine
treating the most likely cause
if taken early in cold may reduce cold symptoms
antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, anticholinergic, an…
Major inflammatory mediator in many allergic disorders
Empirical Therapy
treating the most likely cause
Echinacea
if taken early in cold may reduce cold symptoms
upper respiratory
upper resp. includes:
process where gas exchange occurs in t…
3 parts of respiration:
contraindications of benadryl:
nasal cavity... nares... pharynx... larynx
respiration
ventilation, perfusion and diffusion
Severe liver disease, narrow-angle glaucoma, urinary retention
upper resp. includes:
nasal cavity... nares... pharynx... larynx
process where gas exchange occurs in t…
respiration
63 terms
Upper respiratory
Hilus
Nose
Paranasal sinuses
Pharynx
opening from main stem bronchi to the lungs
Passageway for air to pass to and from lungs... Filters pathogen…
4 pair of bony cavities that are lined with nasal mucosa... conn…
Connects nasal and oral cavities to the larynx
Hilus
opening from main stem bronchi to the lungs
Nose
Passageway for air to pass to and from lungs... Filters pathogen…
39 terms
upper respiratory
Deviated Septum
Nasal Fracture
types of nasal fractures
Rhinoplasty
NO ASA OR NSAIDS for 2 weeks prior to surgery
#1 way to prevent= sports equipment... - epistaxis may be the on…
unilateral- produces little to no placement... bilateral- most c…
surgical reconstruction of the nose... 1. Oupatient= regional an…
Deviated Septum
NO ASA OR NSAIDS for 2 weeks prior to surgery
Nasal Fracture
#1 way to prevent= sports equipment... - epistaxis may be the on…
8 terms
Upper Respiratory
Epistaxis
Epistaxis: Causes
Epistaxis: Treatment
Epistaxis: Considerations
Nosebleed
-Low humidity... -Allergies... -Upper Respiratory Infections... -Sinus…
-Apply localized digital pressure for minimum 5-10 minutes, s…
-Nasal packing may impair resp status... -Closely monitor resp r…
Epistaxis
Nosebleed
Epistaxis: Causes
-Low humidity... -Allergies... -Upper Respiratory Infections... -Sinus…
Upper Respiratory
rhinosinusitis
causes of rhinosinusitis
pharyngitis patho
s/s of pharyngitis
common cold
strep, pneumonia, flu
viral (adenovirus, flu, epstein-barr, herpes) or bacterial (b…
fiery-red pharyngeal membranes, swollen lymph nodes
rhinosinusitis
common cold
causes of rhinosinusitis
strep, pneumonia, flu
46 terms
Upper Respiratory
floor of nasal cavity
External nose
Bones and cartilage of external nose
roof of nasal cavity
palatine process of maxilla and horizontal plate palatine bon…
root, bridge, dorsum Nasi (creates nasofacial angle), apex, a…
nasal bone, maxillae frontal process, nasal part of frontal b…
frontal bone, cribriform plate of ethmoid, beneath cranial fo…
floor of nasal cavity
palatine process of maxilla and horizontal plate palatine bon…
External nose
root, bridge, dorsum Nasi (creates nasofacial angle), apex, a…
27 terms
Upper respiratory
Rhinitis
Rhinitis sx
Rhinitis pharmacologic
Sinusitis
Inflammation of nasal mucosa
Congestion sneezing itching rhinorrhea ha
Antihistamines corticosteroids nasal spray
Inflammation of mucous membrane of sinuses
Rhinitis
Inflammation of nasal mucosa
Rhinitis sx
Congestion sneezing itching rhinorrhea ha
125 terms
Upper Respiratory
#1 way to loosen secretions?
Ways to prevent respiratory infection
What causes pulmonary embolism?
How do we prevent DVTs?
Increase fluids. This thins the mucous and the patient is abl…
*WASH hands... *Avoid the sick... *Sneeze in the elbow... *Incentive s…
DVTs
*SCD's... *Low molecular weight heparin (Lovenox)
#1 way to loosen secretions?
Increase fluids. This thins the mucous and the patient is abl…
Ways to prevent respiratory infection
*WASH hands... *Avoid the sick... *Sneeze in the elbow... *Incentive s…
27 terms
Upper respiratory tract infection
Division of URT to LRT
"sterile" areas of respiratory tract
microbtioain >50 % healthy individuals
microbiota in 1-10% healthy individuals
- from epiglottis... - above has normal microbiota... - below doesn't
- sinuses and middle ear... - lower respiratory tract ... (no norm…
- viridans streptococci (can cause infective endocarditis, no…
- strep. pyogenes... - meningococci (neisseria)
Division of URT to LRT
- from epiglottis... - above has normal microbiota... - below doesn't
"sterile" areas of respiratory tract
- sinuses and middle ear... - lower respiratory tract ... (no norm…
15 terms
Upper Respiratory
Acute Rhinitus
Allergic Rhinitus
Antihistamine
Generations of Histamine
Inflammation of mucous membranes
HAY fever, via pollen (basis for allergies)
H-1 Blockers that prevent histamine.
1st Generation -- Anticholinergic symptoms such as dry mouth,…
Acute Rhinitus
Inflammation of mucous membranes
Allergic Rhinitus
HAY fever, via pollen (basis for allergies)
23 terms
Upper Respiratory
Upper Respiratory Tract
Upper Respiratory Medications
Antihistamines: MOA
Antihistamines: Side effects
-Nares... -Nasal cavity... -Pharynx... -Larynx
-Antihistamines... -Decongestants... -Intranasal Glucocorticoids... -A…
-Used for: Allergic Rhinitis... -H1 blocker: Prevents histamine…
-1st generation... +Drowsiness... + Dry mouth... + Anticholinergic…
Upper Respiratory Tract
-Nares... -Nasal cavity... -Pharynx... -Larynx
Upper Respiratory Medications
-Antihistamines... -Decongestants... -Intranasal Glucocorticoids... -A…
70 terms
Upper Respiratory
Antihistamines
Uses of Antihistamines
diphenhydramine (Benadryl) - MOA
diphenhydramine (Benadryl) - Contraind…
diphenhydramine (Benadryl) - 1st gen ... promethazine (Phenergan…
Relief of allergic symptoms (seasonal, perennial, anaphylaxis)
Antagonizes the effects of histamine at H1-reseptor sites by…
Liver disease, glaucoma, seizure disorder, prostatic hyperpla…
Antihistamines
diphenhydramine (Benadryl) - 1st gen ... promethazine (Phenergan…
Uses of Antihistamines
Relief of allergic symptoms (seasonal, perennial, anaphylaxis)
70 terms
upper respiratory
deviated septum
nasal fracture
complications of nasal fracture
unilateral nasal fracture
-deflection of the normally straight nasal septum commonly ca…
-caused by trauma of substantial force to the middle of the f…
-airway obstruction... -epistaxis... -cosmetic deformity
typically produces little or no displacement
deviated septum
-deflection of the normally straight nasal septum commonly ca…
nasal fracture
-caused by trauma of substantial force to the middle of the f…
26 terms
Upper Respiratory
Cold
Pharyngitis
Otitis
Sinusitis
Always viral, most common in winter but has nothing to do wit…
Mostly viral, but consider group A strep, pertussis, gonococc…
84 % of kids have at least 1 episode, 50% have 4 or more... Stil…
More common in adults... Part of or follows other uri... Most often…
Cold
Always viral, most common in winter but has nothing to do wit…
Pharyngitis
Mostly viral, but consider group A strep, pertussis, gonococc…
9 terms
Upper Respiratory
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Phenynylephrine
Oxymetazoline
Flucatisone (Flonase)
Anti-cholinergic... 1st generation Histamine 1 blocker... Dries se…
Sympathetic Med:... alpha 1 agonist... constricts vessels
Sympathetic med:... alpha 1 adrenergic receptor agonist ... Mimetic
Intranasal glucocorticoid (steroid):... effective for trx aller…
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Anti-cholinergic... 1st generation Histamine 1 blocker... Dries se…
Phenynylephrine
Sympathetic Med:... alpha 1 agonist... constricts vessels
120 terms
Upper Respiratory
pack years
Why should people on nicotine replacem…
Cranial nerve of the nose
Upper airways include
number of packs per day times number of years the patient has…
smoking while taking these drugs greatly increases circulatin…
cranial nerve I (olfactory)
1. nose... 2. sinuses... 3. pharynx... 4. larynx
pack years
number of packs per day times number of years the patient has…
Why should people on nicotine replacem…
smoking while taking these drugs greatly increases circulatin…
53 terms
Upper respiratory
Upper respiratory disorders
Upper respiratory drug therapy advanta…
Upper respiratory inhaler types
Metered dose inhaler
Cold... Cough... Influenza... Allergic rhinitis
Local increased therapeutic effects... Minimal systemic effects…
Metered dose inhalers (MDIs)... Dry powder inhalers (DPIs)... Nebul…
Use a chemical propellant to push the meds out of the cannister
Upper respiratory disorders
Cold... Cough... Influenza... Allergic rhinitis
Upper respiratory drug therapy advanta…
Local increased therapeutic effects... Minimal systemic effects…
11 terms
upper respiratory
2 most common conditions in PCP
first line for URIs
first line for allergic rhinitis
second line for URIs
viral URI and allergic rhinitis
decongestants
anti-histamines... leukotriene receptor antagonists
intranasal corticosteroids
2 most common conditions in PCP
viral URI and allergic rhinitis
first line for URIs
decongestants
Upper Respiratory
Rhinitis
antigen-antibody
histamine
rhinorrhea
inflammation of nasal mucous membranes. S/S: sneezing, nasal…
reaction that occurs after exposure when a person inhales an…
compound derived from an amino acid (histidine) that is store…
runny nose
Rhinitis
inflammation of nasal mucous membranes. S/S: sneezing, nasal…
antigen-antibody
reaction that occurs after exposure when a person inhales an…
8 terms
Upper Respiratory
Allergic rhinitis
Deviated septum
Epistaxis
Esophageal speech
reaction of the nasal mucosa to a specific allergen
deflection of the normally straight nasal septum
(nosebleed) occurs in a bimodal distribution, with kids aged…
involves swallowing air, trapping it in the esophagus, and re…
Allergic rhinitis
reaction of the nasal mucosa to a specific allergen
Deviated septum
deflection of the normally straight nasal septum
8 terms
Upper Respiratory
Diphenhydramine
Loratadine
Certirizine
Pseuodoephedrine
sedating histamine blocker; used for allergic reactions, cold…
nonsedating histamine blocker; used for allergic reactions, c…
nonsedating histamine blocker; used for allergic reactions, c…
adrenergic nasal decongestant, constriction of small arteriol…
Diphenhydramine
sedating histamine blocker; used for allergic reactions, cold…
Loratadine
nonsedating histamine blocker; used for allergic reactions, c…
19 terms
Upper Respiratory
Nasal surgery teach
Most important step in managing allerg…
allergic rhinitus manifestations
goal of sinitus and rhinitus medicatio…
no blowing nose, wait 4-6 weeks of lifting and strenuous acti…
identifying and avoiding triggers
sneezing, itching watery eyes, pressure, congestion, watery d…
to reduce inflammation
Nasal surgery teach
no blowing nose, wait 4-6 weeks of lifting and strenuous acti…
Most important step in managing allerg…
identifying and avoiding triggers
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