Study sets matching "urinalysis"

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Study sets matching "urinalysis"

47 terms
Urinalysis
starch granules
lipid droplet in urine
ammonium urate crystals
thorn apple ammonium urate crystals
starch granules
lipid droplet in urine
Urinalysis
First morning specimen
Random specimen
Timed specimen
Routine void technique
Most concentrated, most acidic ... Formed elements more stable
Used for most routine urinalysis
Usually for 24 hours... Measures things with circadian variation…
Acceptable for routine urinalysis
First morning specimen
Most concentrated, most acidic ... Formed elements more stable
Random specimen
Used for most routine urinalysis
Urinalysis
pyuria
polyuria
specific gravity
hematuria
pus in urine
excessive urine output
the weight of urine
blood found in urine
pyuria
pus in urine
polyuria
excessive urine output
21 terms
Urinalysis
erythrocytes
leukocytes
renal epithelial cells
transitional epithelial cells
-smallest cell seen... -some will crenate, these cells will have…
-larger then RBCs (about twice size)... -appear granulated... -dull…
-slightly larger than WBCs... -large nucleus... -cells originate in…
-comes from the bladder, ureters, renal pelvis, and proximal…
erythrocytes
-smallest cell seen... -some will crenate, these cells will have…
leukocytes
-larger then RBCs (about twice size)... -appear granulated... -dull…
56 terms
Urinalysis
RED
BROWN
Yellow
GREEN
Hemoglobin, myoglobin, food (beets), drugs, RBCs
Acidic with blood
Urochrome (healthy), bilirubin (jaundice)
Urinary sedatives
RED
Hemoglobin, myoglobin, food (beets), drugs, RBCs
BROWN
Acidic with blood
Urinalysis
Ammonium urate crystals
Amorphous urates
Bacteria and WBCs
Bilirubin crystal
Ammonium urate crystals
Amorphous urates
153 terms
Urinalysis
ascorbic acid
glucose
glucose oxidase and peroxidase
clinitest
this will interfere with a glucose test and cause a false neg…
the following conditions would all cause an increase of this…
a glucose test involves a reaction with these enzymes
this test is used to look for reducing sugars
ascorbic acid
this will interfere with a glucose test and cause a false neg…
glucose
the following conditions would all cause an increase of this…
66 terms
Urinalysis
Kidney Function
Nephron
Glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
Maintain Hemostasis... 1) Filters blood and elminates waste... 2) R…
Structual and functional unit of kidney.... About 1 million per…
Tuft of capillaries surrounded by Bowman's capsule
Funnel with tubules as a stem
Kidney Function
Maintain Hemostasis... 1) Filters blood and elminates waste... 2) R…
Nephron
Structual and functional unit of kidney.... About 1 million per…
32 terms
Urinalysis
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Squamous Epithelial Cells
Transitional Epithelial Cells
Pale yellow in colour... Round, slightly refractile, with no int…
Round and granular... larger than RBCs but smaller than epitheli…
Largest cells in urine... Flat straight edges, polygonal, angula…
Large variation in size... Round to pear shaped... Granular cytopla…
Red Blood Cells
Pale yellow in colour... Round, slightly refractile, with no int…
White Blood Cells
Round and granular... larger than RBCs but smaller than epitheli…
Urinalysis
urinalysis
reason a urinalysis should be performed
urine collection methods
free flow (clean catch)
provides information on the state of the kidneys and the anim…
-routine... -surgical patient... -geriatric patient... -clinical evide…
1. free flow... 2. cystocentesis... 3. catheter... 4. manual expression
- collect midstream... - should clean vulva/prepuce... - not good f…
urinalysis
provides information on the state of the kidneys and the anim…
reason a urinalysis should be performed
-routine... -surgical patient... -geriatric patient... -clinical evide…
141 terms
Urinalysis
Urinary system
Kidney
Nephron
Glomerulus
Two kidneys... Two ureters... The bladder... Urethra
EXCRETION:... Selectively clears waste(Urea) ... HOMEOSTATIC REGUL…
Functional unit of kidneys... About one million per kidney... Conce…
Non-selective filter... *Filters substances with molecular weig…
Urinary system
Two kidneys... Two ureters... The bladder... Urethra
Kidney
EXCRETION:... Selectively clears waste(Urea) ... HOMEOSTATIC REGUL…
Urinalysis
Red Cells in urine
White Cells in urine
Renal Epithelial Cell
Transitional Epithelial Cell
Red Cells in urine
White Cells in urine
102 terms
Urinalysis
UA
LPF
HPF
TNTC
Urinalysis
Low Power Field
High Power Field
Too Numerous to Count
UA
Urinalysis
LPF
Low Power Field
120 terms
urinalysis
good reference
good reference
requirements for an acceptable urine s…
pH range of normal random urine
http://uoitclinicalbiochemistry.weebly.com/urinalysis-cells-a…
https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/urines-/deck/6737356
label on specimen container + matching requisition
4.5 - 8.0
good reference
http://uoitclinicalbiochemistry.weebly.com/urinalysis-cells-a…
good reference
https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/urines-/deck/6737356
141 terms
Urinalysis
Urinalysis (UA)
Non-invasive diagnostic tool for urolo…
most commonly sent to the laboratory f…
8 hr specimen: specimen of choice for…
is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
1. Glomerulonephritis... 2. Renal Failure/Nephropathy... 3. Diabe…
Random specimen
First morning
Urinalysis (UA)
is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
Non-invasive diagnostic tool for urolo…
1. Glomerulonephritis... 2. Renal Failure/Nephropathy... 3. Diabe…
18 terms
Urinalysis
Struvite Crystals
Struvite Crystals
Calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals
Calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals
Struvite Crystals
Struvite Crystals
89 terms
Urinalysis
Acute pyelonephritis dipstick?
Acute pyelonephritis microscopics?
Acute cystitis dipstick?
Acute cystitis microscopic?
Leukocyte esterase... blood... protein... nitrite
WBC, RBC, RTE, bacteria, yeast, wbc casts
LE, Blood, nitrate, incr pH, maybe protein
WBC... Bacteria... RBC
Acute pyelonephritis dipstick?
Leukocyte esterase... blood... protein... nitrite
Acute pyelonephritis microscopics?
WBC, RBC, RTE, bacteria, yeast, wbc casts
10 terms
URINALYSIS
COLOR
APPEARANCE
pH
PROTEIN
NORMAL COLOR IS YELLOW
NORMALLY SHOULD BE CLEAR. CLOUDY COULD INDICATE AN INFECTION
DETERMINATION OF PH REVEALS CHEMICAL NATURE OF URINE
SMALL OF AMOUNTS OF PROTEIN IS NORMALLY FOUND IN URINE, BUT I…
COLOR
NORMAL COLOR IS YELLOW
APPEARANCE
NORMALLY SHOULD BE CLEAR. CLOUDY COULD INDICATE AN INFECTION
23 terms
Urinalysis
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Squamous Epithelium
Transitional Epithelium
Increased numbers with normal urinary protein indicate inflam…
Originate from the distal 1/3 of the urethra, vagina, or prep…
Originates in bladder, or 2/3 of urethra... Twice as big as a WB…
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Increased numbers with normal urinary protein indicate inflam…
97 terms
urinalysis
urinalysis
reasons for urinalysis
cystitis
free flow(clean catch)
-a complete urinalysis provides info on the state of the kidn…
-routine... -surgical patient... -geriatric patient... -clinical evide…
-bladder infection
-collect midstream sample... -should clean vulva/prepuce first... -…
urinalysis
-a complete urinalysis provides info on the state of the kidn…
reasons for urinalysis
-routine... -surgical patient... -geriatric patient... -clinical evide…
Urinalysis
What makes up the urinary system?
What are the 4 ways to collect urine?
What method of urine collection will g…
What is the ideal sample size for urin…
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
1. Voided... 2. Free catch... 3. Cystocentesis... 4. Urinary catheteri…
Cystocentesis
10 ml
What makes up the urinary system?
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
What are the 4 ways to collect urine?
1. Voided... 2. Free catch... 3. Cystocentesis... 4. Urinary catheteri…
11 terms
urinalysis
Hyaline Cast
Granular Cast
Waxy Cast
Cellular Cast
What is this?
What is this?
What is this?
Hyaline Cast
What is this?
Granular Cast
What is this?
19 terms
Urinalysis
What are the components of a macroscop…
Chemical examination of urine... (urine d…
Hematuria... define:... indication:
Dysmorphic RBC in urine... define:... indica…
1. Color:... - depends on concentration of urochrome (urobilin),…
Test strip with pads impregnated with different chemical reag…
define:... - RBC in urine... - RBC appear: small, round, no nucleus…
define:... - dysmorphic RBC = nonuniform size and shape... indicat…
What are the components of a macroscop…
1. Color:... - depends on concentration of urochrome (urobilin),…
Chemical examination of urine... (urine d…
Test strip with pads impregnated with different chemical reag…
8 terms
Urinalysis
Struvite crystals
Struvite crystals
Struvite crystals
calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals (…
Struvite crystals
Struvite crystals
10 terms
Urinalysis
Freshly voided urine ________.
Since urine contains dissolved solutes…
Normal constituents of urine do not in…
________ indicates the presence of whi…
smells slightly aromatic
higher
potassium ... urea... GLUCOSE... sodium
pyuria
Freshly voided urine ________.
smells slightly aromatic
Since urine contains dissolved solutes…
higher
34 terms
Urinalysis
What are we talking about here? what 3…
starting with appearance, what are the…
moving to the dipstick: what are we lo…
what is specific gravity? what does it…
Odor = infection, DKA
Urine is water with something in it. ... It can really only be a…
What are we talking about here? what 3…
Odor = infection, DKA
starting with appearance, what are the…
41 terms
Urinalysis
How soon should urine be analyzed afte…
When is the preferred time to collect…
What are three methods of collecting u…
What are the steps of a urinalysis?
1 hour
first morning sample
free catch, catheterization (sterile), cystocentesis (sterile)
gross exam, specific gravity, chemical analysis (dipstick), s…
How soon should urine be analyzed afte…
1 hour
When is the preferred time to collect…
first morning sample
13 terms
Urinalysis
name the 4 ways to collect a urine sam…
name the 3 parts to a complete and tho…
name the 4 aspects of the physical eva…
what does the chemical evaluation incl…
1 free catch (most common)... 2 bladder expression... 3 catheteriza…
1 physical... 2 chemical... 3 microscopic
1 color (lt yellow-amber)... 2 clarity (clear)... 3 odor (urine)... 4…
-reading specific gravity ... -using dipsticks to obtain values…
name the 4 ways to collect a urine sam…
1 free catch (most common)... 2 bladder expression... 3 catheteriza…
name the 3 parts to a complete and tho…
1 physical... 2 chemical... 3 microscopic
Urinalysis
Specific Gravity
Leukocyte esterase
Nitrite
pH
...
detects white blood cells
tests for bacteria
acidic or alkalinity
Specific Gravity
...
Leukocyte esterase
detects white blood cells
Urinalysis
Clinitest
ketone
pH
urochrome
reagent table test that confirms the presence of reducing sug…
chemical compound produced during increased metabolism of fat
scale that indicates the relative alkalinity or acidity of a…
yellow pigment that provides color to urine
Clinitest
reagent table test that confirms the presence of reducing sug…
ketone
chemical compound produced during increased metabolism of fat
64 terms
Urinalysis
P.O.L
Urine composition
Normal waste products
Abnormal substances
Physician office lab
Water 95% & 5% dissolved substances
Urea, uric acid, creatinine,calcium, ammonia, magnesium, phos…
Glucose, albumin(protein) ketones, blood, pus, bacteria, WBCs…
P.O.L
Physician office lab
Urine composition
Water 95% & 5% dissolved substances
25 terms
Urinalysis
urinalysis
clear
cloudy
decant
physical,chemical, and microscopic analysis of urine
no visible particles
able to read newsprint with distortion
to pour liquid portion off of sediment
urinalysis
physical,chemical, and microscopic analysis of urine
clear
no visible particles
10 terms
Urinalysis
Cocci
Rods
WBC
RBC
Cocci
Rods
180 terms
Urinalysis
Modern Urinalysis Includes
The father of modern urinalysis was?
Why is urine still popular?
Reasons for performing urinalysis?
Physical examination, Chemical analysis, and Microscopic exam…
Richard Bright(1827)
easily collected and readily available and contains info abou…
Aide in diagnosis of disease, screen asymptomatic patients, m…
Modern Urinalysis Includes
Physical examination, Chemical analysis, and Microscopic exam…
The father of modern urinalysis was?
Richard Bright(1827)
Urinalysis
oliguria
anuria
nocturia
polyuria
decreased urine output ; less than 500 ml/day
no urine output
increased urine output at night
increased output ; anything above 1200-1500 ml/day
oliguria
decreased urine output ; less than 500 ml/day
anuria
no urine output
URINALYSIS
Excretion
Elimination
Ureter
Hilus
The removal of metabolic wastes
Discharging undigested or unabsorbed food from the digestive…
The duct that connects the urinary bladder and the kidney
The indentation on the border of the kidney
Excretion
The removal of metabolic wastes
Elimination
Discharging undigested or unabsorbed food from the digestive…
33 terms
urinalysis
Organic wastes:
Urea is present in greatest amounts -…
Inorganic wastes:
Polyuria:
urea, uric acid, ammonia, and creatinine
protein
chloride, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, s…
excessive increase in urine output
Organic wastes:
urea, uric acid, ammonia, and creatinine
Urea is present in greatest amounts -…
protein
198 terms
URINALYSIS
The kidney has 5 major functions, whic…
Looking for formed elements and other…
This is the most important part of the…
The urinary consists of these body org…
f. All of the above
a. Microscopic
b. Kidney
e. Diaphragm
The kidney has 5 major functions, whic…
f. All of the above
Looking for formed elements and other…
a. Microscopic
38 terms
Urinalysis
The __ arteriole carries blood into th…
The __ arteriole carries blood away fr…
The glomerulus functions as a semiperm…
The GFR is about __-__ mL of filtrate…
afferent
efferent
protein
115-125
The __ arteriole carries blood into th…
afferent
The __ arteriole carries blood away fr…
efferent
Urinalysis
Squamous epithelial cell
Transitional epithelial cell
Renal epithelial cell
Hyaline cast
Squamous epithelial cell
Transitional epithelial cell
43 terms
Urinalysis
Squamous Epithelial Cell (w/ Artifact)
Crystals (in Bile)
Calcium Carbonate (in equine urine)
Calcium Oxalate
Squamous Epithelial Cell (w/ Artifact)
Crystals (in Bile)
22 terms
Urinalysis
Refrigeration
Thymol
Boric Acid
Formalin
Adv: Does not interfere with chemical test and prevents bacte…
Adv: Preserves glucose and sediments... Disadv: Interferes with…
Adv: Preserves protein and does not interfere with routine an…
Adv: Excellent sediment preservative.... Disadv: Acts as a reduc…
Refrigeration
Adv: Does not interfere with chemical test and prevents bacte…
Thymol
Adv: Preserves glucose and sediments... Disadv: Interferes with…
5 terms
Urinalysis
define UTI & what causes it
Recall normal residents of the urethra
procedure for diluting the urine sample
calculate number of bacteria in sample…
Urinary tract infection. inflammation in the bladder or kidne…
streptococcus... bacteroides... mycobacterium... Neisseria... Escherichia
2 diltuions:... 1/10 1/100... transfer1/10 & 1/100 dilution onto pl…
...
define UTI & what causes it
Urinary tract infection. inflammation in the bladder or kidne…
Recall normal residents of the urethra
streptococcus... bacteroides... mycobacterium... Neisseria... Escherichia
167 terms
Urinalysis
evaluate renal functions, detect lower…
color/clarity/odor; specific gravity;…
urinary catheter, voided sample, cysto…
cystocentesis
why should you do a urinalysis
what tests are included in urinalysis?
what are the different ways to collect urine
urine collection that allows a lower risk of contamination fr…
evaluate renal functions, detect lower…
why should you do a urinalysis
color/clarity/odor; specific gravity;…
what tests are included in urinalysis?
51 terms
Urinalysis
anuria
azotemia
diuresis
diuretic
no urine output
increased BUN
increased urine output
drug that increases the formation of urine
anuria
no urine output
azotemia
increased BUN
20 terms
Urinalysis
Anuia
Hematuria
Polyuria
Oliguria
No urine
Erythrocytes in urin
Increase urine
Decrease urine
Anuia
No urine
Hematuria
Erythrocytes in urin
79 terms
Urinalysis
Nephron
1-1.5 Million
Nephron
Cortex
What is the working unit of the kidney
how many nephrons in each Kidney
Where is urine formed
The outer portion of an organ
Nephron
What is the working unit of the kidney
1-1.5 Million
how many nephrons in each Kidney
urinalysis
sp gravity
ph level urine
leukocyte / nititrate
protein
1.01 - 1.025
4.5 - 8
infection
htn and rf
sp gravity
1.01 - 1.025
ph level urine
4.5 - 8
Urinalysis
Clinitest
ketone
pH
urochrome
reagent table test that confirms the presence of reducing sug…
chemical compound produced during increased metabolism of fat
scale that indicates the relative alkalinity or acidity of a…
yellow pigment that provides color to urine
Clinitest
reagent table test that confirms the presence of reducing sug…
ketone
chemical compound produced during increased metabolism of fat
31 terms
Urinalysis
Bacteria and WBCs
Bilirubin crystal
Cast
Budding yeast and RBCs
Bacteria and WBCs
Bilirubin crystal
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