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Study sets matching "urinalysis"

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Study sets matching "urinalysis"

47 terms
Urinalysis
starch granules
lipid droplet in urine
ammonium urate crystals
thorn apple ammonium urate crystals
starch granules
lipid droplet in urine
21 terms
Urinalysis
erythrocytes
leukocytes
renal epithelial cells
transitional epithelial cells
-smallest cell seen... -some will crenate, these cells will have…
-larger then RBCs (about twice size)... -appear granulated... -dull…
-slightly larger than WBCs... -large nucleus... -cells originate in…
-comes from the bladder, ureters, renal pelvis, and proximal…
erythrocytes
-smallest cell seen... -some will crenate, these cells will have…
leukocytes
-larger then RBCs (about twice size)... -appear granulated... -dull…
158 terms
Urinalysis
First morning specimen
Random specimen
Timed specimen
Routine void technique
Most concentrated, most acidic ... Formed elements more stable
Used for most routine urinalysis
Usually for 24 hours... Measures things with circadian variation…
Acceptable for routine urinalysis
First morning specimen
Most concentrated, most acidic ... Formed elements more stable
Random specimen
Used for most routine urinalysis
61 terms
Urinalysis
Ammonium urate crystals
Amorphous urates
Bacteria and WBCs
Bilirubin crystal
Ammonium urate crystals
Amorphous urates
Urinalysis
pyuria
polyuria
specific gravity
hematuria
pus in urine
excessive urine output
the weight of urine
blood found in urine
pyuria
pus in urine
polyuria
excessive urine output
153 terms
Urinalysis
ascorbic acid
glucose
glucose oxidase and peroxidase
clinitest
this will interfere with a glucose test and cause a false neg…
the following conditions would all cause an increase of this…
a glucose test involves a reaction with these enzymes
this test is used to look for reducing sugars
ascorbic acid
this will interfere with a glucose test and cause a false neg…
glucose
the following conditions would all cause an increase of this…
10 terms
Urinalysis
Cocci
Rods
WBC
RBC
Cocci
Rods
66 terms
Urinalysis
Kidney Function
Nephron
Glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
Maintain Hemostasis... 1) Filters blood and elminates waste... 2) R…
Structual and functional unit of kidney.... About 1 million per…
Tuft of capillaries surrounded by Bowman's capsule
Funnel with tubules as a stem
Kidney Function
Maintain Hemostasis... 1) Filters blood and elminates waste... 2) R…
Nephron
Structual and functional unit of kidney.... About 1 million per…
32 terms
Urinalysis
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Squamous Epithelial Cells
Transitional Epithelial Cells
Pale yellow in colour... Round, slightly refractile, with no int…
Round and granular... larger than RBCs but smaller than epitheli…
Largest cells in urine... Flat straight edges, polygonal, angula…
Large variation in size... Round to pear shaped... Granular cytopla…
Red Blood Cells
Pale yellow in colour... Round, slightly refractile, with no int…
White Blood Cells
Round and granular... larger than RBCs but smaller than epitheli…
154 terms
Urinalysis
urinalysis
reason a urinalysis should be performed
urine collection methods
free flow (clean catch)
provides information on the state of the kidneys and the anim…
-routine... -surgical patient... -geriatric patient... -clinical evide…
1. free flow... 2. cystocentesis... 3. catheter... 4. manual expression
- collect midstream... - should clean vulva/prepuce... - not good f…
urinalysis
provides information on the state of the kidneys and the anim…
reason a urinalysis should be performed
-routine... -surgical patient... -geriatric patient... -clinical evide…
141 terms
Urinalysis
Urinary system
Kidney
Nephron
Glomerulus
Two kidneys... Two ureters... The bladder... Urethra
EXCRETION:... Selectively clears waste(Urea) ... HOMEOSTATIC REGUL…
Functional unit of kidneys... About one million per kidney... Conce…
Non-selective filter... *Filters substances with molecular weig…
Urinary system
Two kidneys... Two ureters... The bladder... Urethra
Kidney
EXCRETION:... Selectively clears waste(Urea) ... HOMEOSTATIC REGUL…
27 terms
Urinalysis
Red Cells in urine
White Cells in urine
Renal Epithelial Cell
Transitional Epithelial Cell
Red Cells in urine
White Cells in urine
120 terms
urinalysis
good reference
good reference
requirements for an acceptable urine s…
pH range of normal random urine
http://uoitclinicalbiochemistry.weebly.com/urinalysis-cells-a…
https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/urines-/deck/6737356
label on specimen container + matching requisition
4.5 - 8.0
good reference
http://uoitclinicalbiochemistry.weebly.com/urinalysis-cells-a…
good reference
https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/urines-/deck/6737356
102 terms
Urinalysis
UA
LPF
HPF
TNTC
Urinalysis
Low Power Field
High Power Field
Too Numerous to Count
UA
Urinalysis
LPF
Low Power Field
141 terms
Urinalysis
Urinalysis (UA)
Non-invasive diagnostic tool for urolo…
most commonly sent to the laboratory f…
8 hr specimen: specimen of choice for…
is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
1. Glomerulonephritis... 2. Renal Failure/Nephropathy... 3. Diabe…
Random specimen
First morning
Urinalysis (UA)
is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
Non-invasive diagnostic tool for urolo…
1. Glomerulonephritis... 2. Renal Failure/Nephropathy... 3. Diabe…
20 terms
Urinalysis
Squamous epithelial cell
Transitional epithelial cell
Renal epithelial cell
Hyaline cast
Squamous epithelial cell
Transitional epithelial cell
43 terms
Urinalysis
Squamous Epithelial Cell (w/ Artifact)
Crystals (in Bile)
Calcium Carbonate (in equine urine)
Calcium Oxalate
Squamous Epithelial Cell (w/ Artifact)
Crystals (in Bile)
18 terms
Urinalysis
Struvite Crystals
Struvite Crystals
Calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals
Calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals
Struvite Crystals
Struvite Crystals
23 terms
Urinalysis
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Squamous Epithelium
Transitional Epithelium
Increased numbers with normal urinary protein indicate inflam…
Originate from the distal 1/3 of the urethra, vagina, or prep…
Originates in bladder, or 2/3 of urethra... Twice as big as a WB…
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Increased numbers with normal urinary protein indicate inflam…
10 terms
URINALYSIS
COLOR
APPEARANCE
pH
PROTEIN
NORMAL COLOR IS YELLOW
NORMALLY SHOULD BE CLEAR. CLOUDY COULD INDICATE AN INFECTION
DETERMINATION OF PH REVEALS CHEMICAL NATURE OF URINE
SMALL OF AMOUNTS OF PROTEIN IS NORMALLY FOUND IN URINE, BUT I…
COLOR
NORMAL COLOR IS YELLOW
APPEARANCE
NORMALLY SHOULD BE CLEAR. CLOUDY COULD INDICATE AN INFECTION
97 terms
urinalysis
urinalysis
reasons for urinalysis
cystitis
free flow(clean catch)
-a complete urinalysis provides info on the state of the kidn…
-routine... -surgical patient... -geriatric patient... -clinical evide…
-bladder infection
-collect midstream sample... -should clean vulva/prepuce first... -…
urinalysis
-a complete urinalysis provides info on the state of the kidn…
reasons for urinalysis
-routine... -surgical patient... -geriatric patient... -clinical evide…
89 terms
Urinalysis
Acute pyelonephritis dipstick?
Acute pyelonephritis microscopics?
Acute cystitis dipstick?
Acute cystitis microscopic?
Leukocyte esterase... blood... protein... nitrite
WBC, RBC, RTE, bacteria, yeast, wbc casts
LE, Blood, nitrate, incr pH, maybe protein
WBC... Bacteria... RBC
Acute pyelonephritis dipstick?
Leukocyte esterase... blood... protein... nitrite
Acute pyelonephritis microscopics?
WBC, RBC, RTE, bacteria, yeast, wbc casts
31 terms
Urinalysis
Bacteria and WBCs
Bilirubin crystal
Cast
Budding yeast and RBCs
Bacteria and WBCs
Bilirubin crystal
23 terms
Urinalysis
RBCs... - normal = <5/hpf... - abnormal = >5…
Dysmorphic RBCs... - Came through glomeru…
WBCs... - normal = <5/hpf... - abnormal (>5/…
Renal tubular epithelial cells (RTE's)…
RBCs... - normal = <5/hpf... - abnormal = >5…
Dysmorphic RBCs... - Came through glomeru…
54 terms
Urinalysis
What makes up the urinary system?
What are the 4 ways to collect urine?
What method of urine collection will g…
What is the ideal sample size for urin…
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
1. Voided... 2. Free catch... 3. Cystocentesis... 4. Urinary catheteri…
Cystocentesis
10 ml
What makes up the urinary system?
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
What are the 4 ways to collect urine?
1. Voided... 2. Free catch... 3. Cystocentesis... 4. Urinary catheteri…
11 terms
urinalysis
Hyaline Cast
Granular Cast
Waxy Cast
Cellular Cast
What is this?
What is this?
What is this?
Hyaline Cast
What is this?
Granular Cast
What is this?
69 terms
Urinalysis
what is part of the primary biochem pr…
name the 3 major components of a UA
what are some factors that can influen…
if a urine sample has a high SG, what…
BUN... creatinine... UA
physical exam... chemical exam... sediment exam
*sample type (source)... *urine concentration... urine pH... sediment…
sample is concentrated and has a lower volume
what is part of the primary biochem pr…
BUN... creatinine... UA
name the 3 major components of a UA
physical exam... chemical exam... sediment exam
10 terms
Urinalysis
Freshly voided urine ________.
Since urine contains dissolved solutes…
Normal constituents of urine do not in…
________ indicates the presence of whi…
smells slightly aromatic
higher
potassium ... urea... GLUCOSE... sodium
pyuria
Freshly voided urine ________.
smells slightly aromatic
Since urine contains dissolved solutes…
higher
34 terms
Urinalysis
What are we talking about here? what 3…
starting with appearance, what are the…
moving to the dipstick: what are we lo…
what is specific gravity? what does it…
Odor = infection, DKA
Urine is water with something in it. ... It can really only be a…
What are we talking about here? what 3…
Odor = infection, DKA
starting with appearance, what are the…
19 terms
Urinalysis
What are the components of a macroscop…
Chemical examination of urine... (urine d…
Hematuria... define:... indication:
Dysmorphic RBC in urine... define:... indica…
1. Color:... - depends on concentration of urochrome (urobilin),…
Test strip with pads impregnated with different chemical reag…
define:... - RBC in urine... - RBC appear: small, round, no nucleus…
define:... - dysmorphic RBC = nonuniform size and shape... indicat…
What are the components of a macroscop…
1. Color:... - depends on concentration of urochrome (urobilin),…
Chemical examination of urine... (urine d…
Test strip with pads impregnated with different chemical reag…
41 terms
Urinalysis
How soon should urine be analyzed afte…
When is the preferred time to collect…
What are three methods of collecting u…
What are the steps of a urinalysis?
1 hour
first morning sample
free catch, catheterization (sterile), cystocentesis (sterile)
gross exam, specific gravity, chemical analysis (dipstick), s…
How soon should urine be analyzed afte…
1 hour
When is the preferred time to collect…
first morning sample
56 terms
Urinalysis
RED
BROWN
Yellow
GREEN
Hemoglobin, myoglobin, food (beets), drugs, RBCs
Acidic with blood
Urochrome (healthy), bilirubin (jaundice)
Urinary sedatives
RED
Hemoglobin, myoglobin, food (beets), drugs, RBCs
BROWN
Acidic with blood
20 terms
Urinalysis
Urinalysis
Micturition
Morning Sample
Normal color
Diagnosis & management of renal or urinary tract disease
The act of urination
Best sample for urinalysis
Amber/yellow
Urinalysis
Diagnosis & management of renal or urinary tract disease
Micturition
The act of urination
5 terms
Urinalysis
Color
Clarity
Specific gravity
pH
yellow
Clear
1.005 - 1.030
4.5-6.0
Color
yellow
Clarity
Clear
33 terms
Urinalysis
Ammonium biurate
Amorphous
Bacilli bacteria
Bilirubin
Ammonium biurate
Amorphous
Urinalysis
WBC
RBC
Squamous Cell
Transitional Epi
WBC
RBC
49 terms
Urinalysis
Random or spot urine
Clean Catch
Catheterized
Suprapubic
collected w/o cleaning genitals; at any time of day... MC specim…
specimen collected after cleaning genitalia... Commonly used for…
collected via cath... preferred method
specimen collected by syringe in sterile manner
Random or spot urine
collected w/o cleaning genitals; at any time of day... MC specim…
Clean Catch
specimen collected after cleaning genitalia... Commonly used for…
20 terms
Urinalysis
Leucine, Tyrosine, Cystine, Uric acid,…
Triple phosphate (struvite), calcium c…
Leucine- acid pH, yellow/brown color,…
Tyrosine- Dark/needle-like projections…
Crystals found in acidic pH urine
Crystals found in alkaline pH urine
Leucine, Tyrosine, Cystine, Uric acid,…
Crystals found in acidic pH urine
Triple phosphate (struvite), calcium c…
Crystals found in alkaline pH urine
116 terms
Urinalysis
How can urine collection be accomplish…
Advantages of urinalysis
Voided urine sample
Voided urine sample collection method
- voided... - manual expression... - catheterization... - cystocentesis
- Simple... - Fast... - Inexpensive... - Information (Urinary tract an…
- Easiest... - May be contaminated from distal genital tract... - N…
- Use clean container... - wash prepuce or vulva... - Try to collec…
How can urine collection be accomplish…
- voided... - manual expression... - catheterization... - cystocentesis
Advantages of urinalysis
- Simple... - Fast... - Inexpensive... - Information (Urinary tract an…
28 terms
Urinalysis
Anuria
Bilirubinuria
Bladder catheterization
Diuresis
Failure of the kidneys to produce urine.
The presence of bilirubin in the urine.
The passing off a sterile catheter through the urethra and in…
Secretion and passage of large amounts of urine.
Anuria
Failure of the kidneys to produce urine.
Bilirubinuria
The presence of bilirubin in the urine.
9 terms
Urinalysis
Specific Gravity
Leukocyte esterase
Nitrite
pH
...
detects white blood cells
tests for bacteria
acidic or alkalinity
Specific Gravity
...
Leukocyte esterase
detects white blood cells
70 terms
Urinalysis
3 types of urine specimen collections
Normal urine
KUB
Etanercept
24 hour urine specimen, clean catch midstream, and 1st early…
should look light yellow in color and be slightly acidic
xray of the lower abdomen
is a TNK blocker
3 types of urine specimen collections
24 hour urine specimen, clean catch midstream, and 1st early…
Normal urine
should look light yellow in color and be slightly acidic
26 terms
Urinalysis
Purpose of kidney
Produce essential hormones
Main structures
Functional unit
Maintain homeostasis - cellular activity produces waste... Fluid…
Erythropoietin... Renin - chain rxn for salt concentration
Kidney, ureter, urethra
nephron - microscopic
Purpose of kidney
Maintain homeostasis - cellular activity produces waste... Fluid…
Produce essential hormones
Erythropoietin... Renin - chain rxn for salt concentration
89 terms
Urinalysis
d (Bilirubin is degraded by light. The…
c (Evaluate each statement. a is incor…
b (Storage must inhibit bacterial grow…
b (Patients with hypertension and diab…
4) Which of the following urine results is most apt to be cha…
5) Urine samples should be examined within 1 hr. of voiding b…
7) A urine specimen comes to the laboratory 7 hrs. after it i…
13) Microalbumin can be measured by a random urine collection…
d (Bilirubin is degraded by light. The…
4) Which of the following urine results is most apt to be cha…
c (Evaluate each statement. a is incor…
5) Urine samples should be examined within 1 hr. of voiding b…
61 terms
Urinalysis
Ammonium urate crystals
Amorphous urates
Bacteria and WBCs
Bilirubin crystal
Ammonium urate crystals
Amorphous urates
24 terms
Urinalysis
Bacteriuria
Cystitis
Galactosuria
Glucosuria
bacteria in urine
inflammation of the bladder
the presence of galactos in urine
the presence of glucose in urine
Bacteriuria
bacteria in urine
Cystitis
inflammation of the bladder
107 terms
Urinalysis
Kidney Function
Three Layers of Uriters
Outer Layer
Middle Layer
Remove Waste... Retention of Nutrients... Acid Base Balance... Hormone…
Outer Layer, Middle Layer, Inner Mucosal Layer
Composed of connective adipose tissue (fat)
Muscular fibers
Kidney Function
Remove Waste... Retention of Nutrients... Acid Base Balance... Hormone…
Three Layers of Uriters
Outer Layer, Middle Layer, Inner Mucosal Layer
21 terms
Urinalysis
Struvite Crystal
Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate Crystal
Calcium Carbonate Crystal
Bilirubin Crystal
Struvite Crystal
Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate Crystal
21 terms
Urinalysis
Struvite Crystal
Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate Crystal
Calcium Carbonate Crystal
Bilirubin Crystal
Struvite Crystal
Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate Crystal
19 terms
Urinalysis
Maximum time to have urin
Normal color or URIN
Foul odor indicates
Normal range of Specific gravity
2hrs
Straw
Infection
1.005-1.030
Maximum time to have urin
2hrs
Normal color or URIN
Straw
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