Study sets matching "urinary system vocabulary"

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Study sets matching "urinary system vocabulary"

20 terms
17 Urinary System Vocabulary
hilum
renal artery
ureter
nephron
entrance to kidney, medial side
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
transports urine from kidney to bladder
functional unit of the kidney
hilum
entrance to kidney, medial side
renal artery
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
96 terms
Urinary System
renal vein
hillum
kidney
renal artery
Identify # 1
Identify # 2
Identify # 3
Identify # 4
renal vein
Identify # 1
hillum
Identify # 2
Urinary System Ch.25 Vocabulary
Urinary System
Intestine
Skin
Lungs
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water,…
the organ in the digestive system where the digestive process…
organ that acts as our first line of defense against foreign…
pair of spongy organs of respiration in which blood is aerate…
Urinary System
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water,…
Intestine
the organ in the digestive system where the digestive process…
19 terms
Urinary System
glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
renal tubule
renal artery
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the top of each…
the top part of of each nephron that encloses the glomerulus
stem portion of the nephron
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
glomerulus
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the top of each…
Bowman's capsule
the top part of of each nephron that encloses the glomerulus
9 terms
Urinary System Labeling
Renal vein
Hilum
Inferior vena cava
Urinary bladder
1
2
3
4
Renal vein
1
Hilum
2
13 terms
Urinary System Facts
Hormone erythropoietin
Ureter
Urethra
Kidney
initiates red blood formation
~25cm x 6mm muscular tube that excretes urine
~8-9 mm in diameter tube that excretes urine
regulates blood pressure
Hormone erythropoietin
initiates red blood formation
Ureter
~25cm x 6mm muscular tube that excretes urine
20 terms
16 Urinary System Vocabulary
hilum
renal artery
ureter
nephron
entrance to kidney, medial side
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
transports urine from kidney to bladder
functional unit of the kidney
hilum
entrance to kidney, medial side
renal artery
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
16 terms
Urinary System
Anuria
Calculus
Cystoscope
Diuresis
A lack of urine
A stone, usually composed of mineral salts
A hollow, lighted instrument used for visual examination of t…
An increased production of urine
Anuria
A lack of urine
Calculus
A stone, usually composed of mineral salts
33 terms
Urinary System - Vocabulary
arteriole
calciferol
calyx
catheter
small artery
active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney.
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis.
Tube for injecting or removing fluids.
arteriole
small artery
calciferol
active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney.
33 terms
Urinary System - Vocabulary
arterioles
Bowman capsule
calyx, calyces
catheter
small artery
tiny, cup-like structure
cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
tube for injecting or removing fluids
arterioles
small artery
Bowman capsule
tiny, cup-like structure
21 terms
Vocabulary (Urinary System)
electrolytes
extracellular fluid
kidneys
retroperitoneal
sodium, calcium, potassium, chloride
waste products [urea, uric acid, creatinine]
bean-shaped, fist-sized; each side of lumbar vertebrae
behind peritoneal membrane
electrolytes
sodium, calcium, potassium, chloride
extracellular fluid
waste products [urea, uric acid, creatinine]
Vocabulary-Urinary System
antiseptic
arteriole
aseptic technique
asymptomatic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
The smallest branch of an artery
Any health care procedure in which precautions are taken to p…
Without symptoms
antiseptic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
arteriole
The smallest branch of an artery
16 terms
Urinary System- Vocabulary
Calculus, Calculi
Catheter
Cortex
Continence
Stones formed from mineral salts
A flexible tube which can be inserted into a body cavity or b…
The outer layer of an organ or structure
The ability to control the release of urine
Calculus, Calculi
Stones formed from mineral salts
Catheter
A flexible tube which can be inserted into a body cavity or b…
20 terms
Urinary system vocabulary
calciferol
calyx or calix (plural: calyces of cal…
cortex
creatinine
Active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. The term come…
Outer region of an organ; the renal cortex is the outer regio…
Nitrogenous waste excreted in urine. Creatinine clearance is…
calciferol
Active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
calyx or calix (plural: calyces of cal…
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. The term come…
51 terms
Urinary System
hilum
right kidney
storage & excretion of urine, regulati…
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, ure…
which kidney is lower
functions of kidney
organs of urinary system
hilum
right kidney
which kidney is lower
38 terms
Urinary System
renal vein
hillum
kidney
renal artery
Identify # 1
Identify # 2
Identify # 3
Identify # 4
renal vein
Identify # 1
hillum
Identify # 2
29 terms
Urinary System
Urology
Nephrology
Filtration
Urinalysis
The specialized branch of medicine that deals with structure,…
The medical specialty that concerns itself with normal kidney…
The flow of liquid through a filter
The physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
Urology
The specialized branch of medicine that deals with structure,…
Nephrology
The medical specialty that concerns itself with normal kidney…
30 terms
Digestive and Urinary System Vocabulary
Bile
Chyme
Enzyme
Nutrient
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
Chemicals that break food into nutrients
Substances in food that the body needs
Bile
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Chyme
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
Urinary System (Vocabulary)
antiseptic
arteriole
aseptic technique
asymptomatic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
The smallest branch of an artery
Any health care procedure in which precautions are taken to p…
Without symptoms
antiseptic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
arteriole
The smallest branch of an artery
12 terms
Urinary System
kidney
Ureter
nephron
Renal artery
The functional unit of the kidney
artery leading to the kidney
kidney
Ureter
20 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
hilum
renal artery
ureter
nephron
entrance to kidney, medial side
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
transports urine from kidney to bladder
functional unit of the kidney
hilum
entrance to kidney, medial side
renal artery
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
33 terms
Digestive and Urinary System Vocabulary
Bile
Chyme
Enzyme
Nutrient
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
Substances that start chemical reactions (such as breaking fo…
Substances in food that the body needs
Bile
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Chyme
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
Urinary System
Proteinuria
Kidney Stone
Lithotriptor
Edema
presence of abnormally large amounts of plasma proteins in th…
a.k.a. renal calculi; crystallized mineral chunks developed i…
A special ultrasound tool used to pulverize kidney stones so…
general tissue swelling caused by accumulation of fluids in t…
Proteinuria
presence of abnormally large amounts of plasma proteins in th…
Kidney Stone
a.k.a. renal calculi; crystallized mineral chunks developed i…
34 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
Arteriole
Calciferol
Calyx or calix (plural: calyces or cal…
catheter
Small artery
Active form of vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. The term come…
Tube for injecting or removing fluids
Arteriole
Small artery
Calciferol
Active form of vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
7 terms
Urinary System
Urinary
Kidney
Nephron
Ureters
liquid waste system
main organ-filters your blood
tiny filters in the kidney
2 tubes-lead to bladder
Urinary
liquid waste system
Kidney
main organ-filters your blood
23 terms
Urinary System
Renal artery
Renal vein
Urea
Renin
Blood vessel that carries blood TO kidney
Blood vessel that carries blood AWAY from kidney
Waste product formed by the breakdown of proteins
Enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure
Renal artery
Blood vessel that carries blood TO kidney
Renal vein
Blood vessel that carries blood AWAY from kidney
12 terms
Urinary System
renal artery
nephron
glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidn…
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the proximal par…
proximal renal tubule that encloses the glomerulus; filtratio…
renal artery
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
nephron
microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidn…
27 terms
Chapter 15 - Urinary System Vocabulary
Renal Calyces
Renal Pelvis
Renal Tubule
Medullary (Renal) Pyramid
Parts of the kidney that collect urine before it passes furth…
The broadened part (top) of the ureter into which the kidney…
Each of the long, find, convoluted tubules conveying urine fr…
Any of various pyramidal masses that are seen upon longitudin…
Renal Calyces
Parts of the kidney that collect urine before it passes furth…
Renal Pelvis
The broadened part (top) of the ureter into which the kidney…
Urinary System Vocabulary
Kidneys
Cortex
Medulla
Hilum
two bean shaped organs located on either side of the vertebra…
the outer layer of an organ or structure
inner, or central portion of an organ
the part of an organ where the nerves and vessels enter and l…
Kidneys
two bean shaped organs located on either side of the vertebra…
Cortex
the outer layer of an organ or structure
Urinary System Vocabulary
calyx-
-cele
dia-
glomerulo
cup-shaped
tumor or swelling
across
resembles a ball of yarn
calyx-
cup-shaped
-cele
tumor or swelling
30 terms
Urinary system
kidney
suprarenal gland
ureter
renal artery
A
star
kidney
A
suprarenal gland
star
Urinary System Vocabulary
Urinary System
kidneys
cortex
Medulla
Excretory System. Removes certain wastes and excess water fro…
bean shaped organs located beside the vertebral column... cortex…
Outer section of kidney. Contains nephrons which helps produc…
Inner section of the kidneys. Contains connecting tubules, ca…
Urinary System
Excretory System. Removes certain wastes and excess water fro…
kidneys
bean shaped organs located beside the vertebral column... cortex…
34 terms
Urinary System
Kidney
Renal Capsule
Renal Cortex
Renal Medulla
Pair of organs located in the abdominal cavity that filter bl…
Smooth, transparent sheet of dense, connective tissue that co…
Outer portion of the kidney between the renal capsule and the…
Consists of several cone-shaped areas; innermost part of the…
Kidney
Pair of organs located in the abdominal cavity that filter bl…
Renal Capsule
Smooth, transparent sheet of dense, connective tissue that co…
95 terms
Urinary System
Aplasia/Agenesis
Renal Hypoplasia
Renal Hypoplasia: Microscopically
Ectopic Kidneys
Compensatory hyperplasia of contralatral kidney... Common in bea…
Incomplete Development of kidney... Unilateral = compensatory hy…
Dilated tubules in medulla... Interstitial fibrosis
Misplaced from normal sublumbar region. Malposition leads to…
Aplasia/Agenesis
Compensatory hyperplasia of contralatral kidney... Common in bea…
Renal Hypoplasia
Incomplete Development of kidney... Unilateral = compensatory hy…
32 terms
Urinary System - Vocabulary
Arteriole
Calciferol
Calyx or Calix (pl. calyces or calices)
Catheter
Small artery
Active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. the term come…
Tube for injecting or removing fluids
Arteriole
Small artery
Calciferol
Active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
Urinary System
functions of the urinary system
the urinary system is comprised of
micturation
each kidney lies in a space called the
1. disposing of the body's metabolic waste... 2. helping to main…
1. two kidneys... 2. two ureters... 3. urinary bladder... 4. urethra
urination
retroperitoneal space
functions of the urinary system
1. disposing of the body's metabolic waste... 2. helping to main…
the urinary system is comprised of
1. two kidneys... 2. two ureters... 3. urinary bladder... 4. urethra
56 terms
Urinary System
bladder
ADH
glycosuria
renin
Organ contains three layers of smooth muscle & two sphincters…
This hormone will aid in water retention.
Condition of having sugar in the urine
This hormone is released from the kidney when blood pressure…
bladder
Organ contains three layers of smooth muscle & two sphincters…
ADH
This hormone will aid in water retention.
Urinary System
A combining form that means stone
A combining form that means water
The correct spelling for the medical t…
The correct spelling for the medical t…
Lith/o
Hydr/o
Hematuria
Hydronephrosis
A combining form that means stone
Lith/o
A combining form that means water
Hydr/o
8 terms
parts of the urinary system
kidney
aorta
bladder
renal arteries
filters blood, creates urine
takes oxygenated blood to the body
muscular holding sac for urine
supplies oxygenated blood to the kidney
kidney
filters blood, creates urine
aorta
takes oxygenated blood to the body
36 terms
Urinary System
Renal capsule
Renal cortex
Renal medulla
Renal pyramids
Identify the covering
Identify the region
Identify the region
Identify the structure.
Renal capsule
Identify the covering
Renal cortex
Identify the region
28 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
Agenesis
Anuria
Azotemia
Cystitis
Lack of body part
Absence of urine
Excess of urea
Infection of bladder
Agenesis
Lack of body part
Anuria
Absence of urine
50 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
calyx-
-cele
dia-
glomerulo
cup-shaped
tumor or swelling
across
resembles a little ball of yarn
calyx-
cup-shaped
-cele
tumor or swelling
35 terms
Urinary System
Kidney
Adrenal gland
Renal artery
Renal vein
Name the organ.
Name the structure.
Name the blood vessel labeled 'C'.
Name the blood vessel.
Kidney
Name the organ.
Adrenal gland
Name the structure.
Urinary System
Erythropoietin
Renin
Urinary System
Kidneys' characteristics
Regulates red blood cell production
Regulates blood pressure
Kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra
150g, 11x6x3cm, bean-shaped, from T12 to L3
Erythropoietin
Regulates red blood cell production
Renin
Regulates blood pressure
Urinary System
The urinary system
Urine
Kidneys
Renal Pyramids
responsible for filtering blood & eliminating wastes, also in…
Liquid waste secreted by the kidneys & excreted from the body…
Filters blood & removes waste (urine). Divided into the corte…
Cone-shaped regions
The urinary system
responsible for filtering blood & eliminating wastes, also in…
Urine
Liquid waste secreted by the kidneys & excreted from the body…
31 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
ADH
Adrenal Cortex
Afferent Arterioles
Efferent Arterioles
Hormone released by the posterior pituitary gland that acts t…
The cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes aldosterone
Carries blood to the glomerulus
Carries blood away from the glomerulus
ADH
Hormone released by the posterior pituitary gland that acts t…
Adrenal Cortex
The cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes aldosterone
Urinary System - Vocabulary
kidneys
ureters
urinary bladder
urethra
produce urine and help regulate and control body fluids
transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder
serves as a reservoir for urine
Passageway on urine to the outside of the body
kidneys
produce urine and help regulate and control body fluids
ureters
transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder
10 terms
Urinary System
urinary system
kidneys
nephrons
urea
contains the organs that remove waste products from your blood
a pair of organs that filter and clean the blood
microscopic filters in the kidneys that remove wastes such as…
waste product that contains nitrogen and is produced when cel…
urinary system
contains the organs that remove waste products from your blood
kidneys
a pair of organs that filter and clean the blood
Digestive and Urinary System Vocabulary
Bile
Chyme
Enzyme
Nutrient
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
Substances that start chemical reactions (such as breaking fo…
Substances in food that the body needs
Bile
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Chyme
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
33 terms
Digestive and Urinary System Vocabulary
Bile
Chyme
Enzyme
Nutrient
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
Substances that start chemical reactions (such as breaking fo…
Substances in food that the body needs
Bile
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Chyme
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
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