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Study sets matching "urinary system vocabulary"

20 terms
17 Urinary System Vocabulary
hilum
renal artery
ureter
nephron
entrance to kidney, medial side
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
transports urine from kidney to bladder
functional unit of the kidney
hilum
entrance to kidney, medial side
renal artery
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
20 terms
Urinary System Ch.25 Vocabulary
Urinary System
Intestine
Skin
Lungs
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water,…
the organ in the digestive system where the digestive process…
organ that acts as our first line of defense against foreign…
pair of spongy organs of respiration in which blood is aerate…
Urinary System
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water,…
Intestine
the organ in the digestive system where the digestive process…
96 terms
Urinary System
renal vein
hillum
kidney
renal artery
Identify # 1
Identify # 2
Identify # 3
Identify # 4
renal vein
Identify # 1
hillum
Identify # 2
20 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
hilum
renal artery
ureter
nephron
entrance to kidney, medial side
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
transports urine from kidney to bladder
functional unit of the kidney
hilum
entrance to kidney, medial side
renal artery
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
20 terms
16 Urinary System Vocabulary
hilum
renal artery
ureter
nephron
entrance to kidney, medial side
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
transports urine from kidney to bladder
functional unit of the kidney
hilum
entrance to kidney, medial side
renal artery
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
18 terms
Urinary System
Erythropoietin
Renin
Urinary System
Kidneys' characteristics
Regulates red blood cell production
Regulates blood pressure
Kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra
150g, 11x6x3cm, bean-shaped, from T12 to L3
Erythropoietin
Regulates red blood cell production
Renin
Regulates blood pressure
9 terms
Urinary System Labeling
Renal vein
Hilum
Inferior vena cava
Urinary bladder
1
2
3
4
Renal vein
1
Hilum
2
33 terms
Digestive and Urinary System Vocabulary
Bile
Chyme
Enzyme
Nutrient
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
Substances that start chemical reactions (such as breaking fo…
Substances in food that the body needs
Bile
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Chyme
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
51 terms
Urinary System
hilum
right kidney
storage & excretion of urine, regulati…
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, ure…
which kidney is lower
functions of kidney
organs of urinary system
hilum
right kidney
which kidney is lower
29 terms
Urinary System
Urology
Nephrology
Filtration
Urinalysis
The specialized branch of medicine that deals with structure,…
The medical specialty that concerns itself with normal kidney…
The flow of liquid through a filter
The physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
Urology
The specialized branch of medicine that deals with structure,…
Nephrology
The medical specialty that concerns itself with normal kidney…
12 terms
Urinary System
kidney
Ureter
nephron
Renal artery
The functional unit of the kidney
artery leading to the kidney
kidney
Ureter
19 terms
Urinary System
glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
renal tubule
renal artery
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the top of each…
the top part of of each nephron that encloses the glomerulus
stem portion of the nephron
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
glomerulus
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the top of each…
Bowman's capsule
the top part of of each nephron that encloses the glomerulus
12 terms
Urinary System
renal artery
nephron
glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidn…
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the proximal par…
proximal renal tubule that encloses the glomerulus; filtratio…
renal artery
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
nephron
microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidn…
30 terms
Digestive and Urinary System Vocabulary
Bile
Chyme
Enzyme
Nutrient
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
Chemicals that break food into nutrients
Substances in food that the body needs
Bile
Chemical produced by the liver that breaks down fat
Chyme
Partially digested food that leaves the stomach and goes to t…
22 terms
Urinary System
kidney
ureter
urinary bladder
urethra
Identify the organ.
Identify the passageway.
Identify the organ.
Identify the passageway.
kidney
Identify the organ.
ureter
Identify the passageway.
24 terms
urinary system
renal cortex
nephrons
renal medulla
renal pyramids
renal cortex
nephrons
30 terms
Urinary system
kidney
suprarenal gland
ureter
renal artery
A
star
kidney
A
suprarenal gland
star
23 terms
Urinary System
Renal artery
Renal vein
Urea
Renin
Blood vessel that carries blood TO kidney
Blood vessel that carries blood AWAY from kidney
Waste product formed by the breakdown of proteins
Enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure
Renal artery
Blood vessel that carries blood TO kidney
Renal vein
Blood vessel that carries blood AWAY from kidney
7 terms
Urinary System
Urinary
Kidney
Nephron
Ureters
liquid waste system
main organ-filters your blood
tiny filters in the kidney
2 tubes-lead to bladder
Urinary
liquid waste system
Kidney
main organ-filters your blood
87 terms
Urinary System
Kidney Functions
Waste
Metabolic wastes
Nitrogenous Waste: Urea
Filters blood plasma... Regulates blood volume and pressure... Regu…
Any substance that is useless to the body..... toxins, drugs, ho…
produced by the body... CO² & Nitrogenous wastes
50% of nitrogenous waste
Kidney Functions
Filters blood plasma... Regulates blood volume and pressure... Regu…
Waste
Any substance that is useless to the body..... toxins, drugs, ho…
Urinary System
Proteinuria
Kidney Stone
Lithotriptor
Edema
presence of abnormally large amounts of plasma proteins in th…
a.k.a. renal calculi; crystallized mineral chunks developed i…
A special ultrasound tool used to pulverize kidney stones so…
general tissue swelling caused by accumulation of fluids in t…
Proteinuria
presence of abnormally large amounts of plasma proteins in th…
Kidney Stone
a.k.a. renal calculi; crystallized mineral chunks developed i…
34 terms
Urinary System
Kidney
Renal Capsule
Renal Cortex
Renal Medulla
Pair of organs located in the abdominal cavity that filter bl…
Smooth, transparent sheet of dense, connective tissue that co…
Outer portion of the kidney between the renal capsule and the…
Consists of several cone-shaped areas; innermost part of the…
Kidney
Pair of organs located in the abdominal cavity that filter bl…
Renal Capsule
Smooth, transparent sheet of dense, connective tissue that co…
16 terms
Urinary System
Anuria
Calculus
Cystoscope
Diuresis
A lack of urine
A stone, usually composed of mineral salts
A hollow, lighted instrument used for visual examination of t…
An increased production of urine
Anuria
A lack of urine
Calculus
A stone, usually composed of mineral salts
36 terms
Urinary System
Renal capsule
Renal cortex
Renal medulla
Renal pyramids
Identify the covering
Identify the region
Identify the region
Identify the structure.
Renal capsule
Identify the covering
Renal cortex
Identify the region
21 terms
Urinary system Vocabulary
Urine
Nephrons
Ureters
Urinary Bladder
is a liquid by-product of the body secreted by the kidneys th…
functional unit of the kidney
the duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder…
Hollow organ that stores urine
Urine
is a liquid by-product of the body secreted by the kidneys th…
Nephrons
functional unit of the kidney
12 terms
Urinary System
A combining form that means stone
A combining form that means water
The correct spelling for the medical t…
The correct spelling for the medical t…
Lith/o
Hydr/o
Hematuria
Hydronephrosis
A combining form that means stone
Lith/o
A combining form that means water
Hydr/o
15 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
calyx-
-cele
dia-
glomerulo
cup-shaped
tumor or swelling
across
resembles a ball of yarn
calyx-
cup-shaped
-cele
tumor or swelling
33 terms
Urinary System - Vocabulary
arteriole
calciferol
calyx
catheter
small artery
active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney.
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis.
Tube for injecting or removing fluids.
arteriole
small artery
calciferol
active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney.
33 terms
Urinary System - Vocabulary
arterioles
Bowman capsule
calyx, calyces
catheter
small artery
tiny, cup-like structure
cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
tube for injecting or removing fluids
arterioles
small artery
Bowman capsule
tiny, cup-like structure
Urinary System - Vocabulary
arteriole. (at-ter-e-ol)
anuria
azotemia
calciferol. (cal-si-fer-ol)
small artery
complete lack of urine production and lack of urine excretion
nitrogenous waste in the bloodstream
active form of vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
arteriole. (at-ter-e-ol)
small artery
anuria
complete lack of urine production and lack of urine excretion
32 terms
Urinary System - Vocabulary
Arteriole
Calciferol
Calyx or Calix (pl. calyces or calices)
Catheter
Small artery
Active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. the term come…
Tube for injecting or removing fluids
Arteriole
Small artery
Calciferol
Active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
28 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
Agenesis
Anuria
Azotemia
Cystitis
Lack of body part
Absence of urine
Excess of urea
Infection of bladder
Agenesis
Lack of body part
Anuria
Absence of urine
47 terms
Urinary System
The urinary system
Urine
Kidneys
Renal Pyramids
responsible for filtering blood & eliminating wastes, also in…
Liquid waste secreted by the kidneys & excreted from the body…
Filters blood & removes waste (urine). Divided into the corte…
Cone-shaped regions
The urinary system
responsible for filtering blood & eliminating wastes, also in…
Urine
Liquid waste secreted by the kidneys & excreted from the body…
35 terms
Urinary System
Kidney
Adrenal gland
Renal artery
Renal vein
Name the organ.
Name the structure.
Name the blood vessel labeled 'C'.
Name the blood vessel.
Kidney
Name the organ.
Adrenal gland
Name the structure.
50 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
calyx-
-cele
dia-
glomerulo
cup-shaped
tumor or swelling
across
resembles a little ball of yarn
calyx-
cup-shaped
-cele
tumor or swelling
13 terms
Urinary System Facts
Hormone erythropoietin
Ureter
Urethra
Kidney
initiates red blood formation
~25cm x 6mm muscular tube that excretes urine
~8-9 mm in diameter tube that excretes urine
regulates blood pressure
Hormone erythropoietin
initiates red blood formation
Ureter
~25cm x 6mm muscular tube that excretes urine
10 terms
Urinary System
urinary system
kidneys
nephrons
urea
contains the organs that remove waste products from your blood
a pair of organs that filter and clean the blood
microscopic filters in the kidneys that remove wastes such as…
waste product that contains nitrogen and is produced when cel…
urinary system
contains the organs that remove waste products from your blood
kidneys
a pair of organs that filter and clean the blood
16 terms
Urinary System- Vocabulary
Calculus, Calculi
Catheter
Cortex
Continence
Stones formed from mineral salts
A flexible tube which can be inserted into a body cavity or b…
The outer layer of an organ or structure
The ability to control the release of urine
Calculus, Calculi
Stones formed from mineral salts
Catheter
A flexible tube which can be inserted into a body cavity or b…
31 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
ADH
Adrenal Cortex
Afferent Arterioles
Efferent Arterioles
Hormone released by the posterior pituitary gland that acts t…
The cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes aldosterone
Carries blood to the glomerulus
Carries blood away from the glomerulus
ADH
Hormone released by the posterior pituitary gland that acts t…
Adrenal Cortex
The cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes aldosterone
35 terms
Urinary System - Vocabulary
kidneys
ureters
urinary bladder
urethra
produce urine and help regulate and control body fluids
transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder
serves as a reservoir for urine
Passageway on urine to the outside of the body
kidneys
produce urine and help regulate and control body fluids
ureters
transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder
53 terms
Vocabulary-Urinary System
antiseptic
arteriole
aseptic technique
asymptomatic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
The smallest branch of an artery
Any health care procedure in which precautions are taken to p…
Without symptoms
antiseptic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
arteriole
The smallest branch of an artery
27 terms
Chapter 15 - Urinary System Vocabulary
Renal Calyces
Renal Pelvis
Renal Tubule
Medullary (Renal) Pyramid
Parts of the kidney that collect urine before it passes furth…
The broadened part (top) of the ureter into which the kidney…
Each of the long, find, convoluted tubules conveying urine fr…
Any of various pyramidal masses that are seen upon longitudin…
Renal Calyces
Parts of the kidney that collect urine before it passes furth…
Renal Pelvis
The broadened part (top) of the ureter into which the kidney…
20 terms
Urinary system vocabulary
calciferol
calyx or calix (plural: calyces of cal…
cortex
creatinine
Active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. The term come…
Outer region of an organ; the renal cortex is the outer regio…
Nitrogenous waste excreted in urine. Creatinine clearance is…
calciferol
Active form of Vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
calyx or calix (plural: calyces of cal…
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. The term come…
45 terms
Medical Vocabulary - Urinary System
albuminuria
antidiuretic
anuria
bacteriuria
Indicates the presence of serum protein in the urine. Albumin…
Pertaining to a medication that decreases urine production an…
Literally means "without the formation of urine"; lack of uri…
Presence of bacteria in the urine.
albuminuria
Indicates the presence of serum protein in the urine. Albumin…
antidiuretic
Pertaining to a medication that decreases urine production an…
53 terms
Urinary System (Vocabulary)
antiseptic
arteriole
aseptic technique
asymptomatic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
The smallest branch of an artery
Any health care procedure in which precautions are taken to p…
Without symptoms
antiseptic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
arteriole
The smallest branch of an artery
11 terms
Urinary System Miscellaneous Vocabulary
retroperitoneal
urine
filtration
reabsorption
the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity
Fluid wastes removed from the body by the kidneys... about 95% w…
Process that occurs in the nephron where nutrients and wastes…
process by which water and dissolved substances are taken bac…
retroperitoneal
the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity
urine
Fluid wastes removed from the body by the kidneys... about 95% w…
20 terms
17 Urinary System Vocabulary
hilum
renal artery
ureter
nephron
entrance to kidney, medial side
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
transports urine from kidney to bladder
functional unit of the kidney
hilum
entrance to kidney, medial side
renal artery
branches from aorta, goes to kidney
34 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary
Arteriole
Calciferol
Calyx or calix (plural: calyces or cal…
catheter
Small artery
Active form of vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. The term come…
Tube for injecting or removing fluids
Arteriole
Small artery
Calciferol
Active form of vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
12 terms
Urinary System Vocabulary - Bauer
urea
kidneys
nephrons
urine
A nitrogen containing substance normally cleared from the blo…
Bean shaped organs that filter the blood. As they filter bloo…
The filtering structure of the kidneys, they collect waste.ur…
Liquid waste secreted by the kidneys
urea
A nitrogen containing substance normally cleared from the blo…
kidneys
Bean shaped organs that filter the blood. As they filter bloo…
Urinary System
Define excretion
What are the 4 components of the urina…
What hormones does the kidney produce?
What are the effects of calcitriol?
Removal of waste products from the body
1. kidneys... 2. ureters... 3. bladder... 4. urethra
1. calcitriol... 2. erythropoietin... 3. renin
1. promotes Ca2+ absorption in the small intestine... 2. promote…
Define excretion
Removal of waste products from the body
What are the 4 components of the urina…
1. kidneys... 2. ureters... 3. bladder... 4. urethra
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