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Study sets matching "urinary system"

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Study sets matching "urinary system"

96 terms
Urinary System
renal vein
hillum
kidney
renal artery
Identify # 1
Identify # 2
Identify # 3
Identify # 4
renal vein
Identify # 1
hillum
Identify # 2
18 terms
Urinary System
Erythropoietin
Renin
Urinary System
Kidneys' characteristics
Regulates red blood cell production
Regulates blood pressure
Kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra
150g, 11x6x3cm, bean-shaped, from T12 to L3
Erythropoietin
Regulates red blood cell production
Renin
Regulates blood pressure
51 terms
Urinary System
hilum
right kidney
storage & excretion of urine, regulati…
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, ure…
which kidney is lower
functions of kidney
organs of urinary system
hilum
right kidney
which kidney is lower
38 terms
Urinary System
renal vein
hillum
kidney
renal artery
Identify # 1
Identify # 2
Identify # 3
Identify # 4
renal vein
Identify # 1
hillum
Identify # 2
87 terms
Urinary System
Kidney Functions
Waste
Metabolic wastes
Nitrogenous Waste: Urea
Filters blood plasma... Regulates blood volume and pressure... Regu…
Any substance that is useless to the body..... toxins, drugs, ho…
produced by the body... CO² & Nitrogenous wastes
50% of nitrogenous waste
Kidney Functions
Filters blood plasma... Regulates blood volume and pressure... Regu…
Waste
Any substance that is useless to the body..... toxins, drugs, ho…
29 terms
Urinary System
Urology
Nephrology
Filtration
Urinalysis
The specialized branch of medicine that deals with structure,…
The medical specialty that concerns itself with normal kidney…
The flow of liquid through a filter
The physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
Urology
The specialized branch of medicine that deals with structure,…
Nephrology
The medical specialty that concerns itself with normal kidney…
12 terms
Urinary System
kidney
Ureter
nephron
Renal artery
The functional unit of the kidney
artery leading to the kidney
kidney
Ureter
12 terms
Urinary System
renal artery
nephron
glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidn…
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the proximal par…
proximal renal tubule that encloses the glomerulus; filtratio…
renal artery
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
nephron
microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidn…
19 terms
Urinary System
glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
renal tubule
renal artery
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the top of each…
the top part of of each nephron that encloses the glomerulus
stem portion of the nephron
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for…
glomerulus
little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the top of each…
Bowman's capsule
the top part of of each nephron that encloses the glomerulus
23 terms
Urinary System
Renal artery
Renal vein
Urea
Renin
Blood vessel that carries blood TO kidney
Blood vessel that carries blood AWAY from kidney
Waste product formed by the breakdown of proteins
Enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure
Renal artery
Blood vessel that carries blood TO kidney
Renal vein
Blood vessel that carries blood AWAY from kidney
22 terms
Urinary System
kidney
ureter
urinary bladder
urethra
Identify the organ.
Identify the passageway.
Identify the organ.
Identify the passageway.
kidney
Identify the organ.
ureter
Identify the passageway.
Urinary System
Proteinuria
Kidney Stone
Lithotriptor
Edema
presence of abnormally large amounts of plasma proteins in th…
a.k.a. renal calculi; crystallized mineral chunks developed i…
A special ultrasound tool used to pulverize kidney stones so…
general tissue swelling caused by accumulation of fluids in t…
Proteinuria
presence of abnormally large amounts of plasma proteins in th…
Kidney Stone
a.k.a. renal calculi; crystallized mineral chunks developed i…
24 terms
urinary system
renal cortex
nephrons
renal medulla
renal pyramids
renal cortex
nephrons
87 terms
Urinary System
Kidney Functions
Waste
Metabolic wastes
Nitrogenous Waste: Urea
Filters blood plasma... Regulates blood volume and pressure... Regu…
Any substance that is useless to the body..... toxins, drugs, ho…
produced by the body... CO² & Nitrogenous wastes
50% of nitrogenous waste
Kidney Functions
Filters blood plasma... Regulates blood volume and pressure... Regu…
Waste
Any substance that is useless to the body..... toxins, drugs, ho…
7 terms
Urinary System
Urinary
Kidney
Nephron
Ureters
liquid waste system
main organ-filters your blood
tiny filters in the kidney
2 tubes-lead to bladder
Urinary
liquid waste system
Kidney
main organ-filters your blood
24 terms
urinary system
renal cortex
nephrons
renal medulla
renal pyramids
renal cortex
nephrons
30 terms
Urinary system
kidney
suprarenal gland
ureter
renal artery
A
star
kidney
A
suprarenal gland
star
16 terms
Urinary System
Anuria
Calculus
Cystoscope
Diuresis
A lack of urine
A stone, usually composed of mineral salts
A hollow, lighted instrument used for visual examination of t…
An increased production of urine
Anuria
A lack of urine
Calculus
A stone, usually composed of mineral salts
36 terms
Urinary System
Renal capsule
Renal cortex
Renal medulla
Renal pyramids
Identify the covering
Identify the region
Identify the region
Identify the structure.
Renal capsule
Identify the covering
Renal cortex
Identify the region
34 terms
Urinary System
Kidney
Renal Capsule
Renal Cortex
Renal Medulla
Pair of organs located in the abdominal cavity that filter bl…
Smooth, transparent sheet of dense, connective tissue that co…
Outer portion of the kidney between the renal capsule and the…
Consists of several cone-shaped areas; innermost part of the…
Kidney
Pair of organs located in the abdominal cavity that filter bl…
Renal Capsule
Smooth, transparent sheet of dense, connective tissue that co…
12 terms
Urinary System
A combining form that means stone
A combining form that means water
The correct spelling for the medical t…
The correct spelling for the medical t…
Lith/o
Hydr/o
Hematuria
Hydronephrosis
A combining form that means stone
Lith/o
A combining form that means water
Hydr/o
35 terms
Urinary System
Kidney
Adrenal gland
Renal artery
Renal vein
Name the organ.
Name the structure.
Name the blood vessel labeled 'C'.
Name the blood vessel.
Kidney
Name the organ.
Adrenal gland
Name the structure.
9 terms
Urinary System Labeling
Renal vein
Hilum
Inferior vena cava
Urinary bladder
1
2
3
4
Renal vein
1
Hilum
2
47 terms
Urinary System
The urinary system
Urine
Kidneys
Renal Pyramids
responsible for filtering blood & eliminating wastes, also in…
Liquid waste secreted by the kidneys & excreted from the body…
Filters blood & removes waste (urine). Divided into the corte…
Cone-shaped regions
The urinary system
responsible for filtering blood & eliminating wastes, also in…
Urine
Liquid waste secreted by the kidneys & excreted from the body…
10 terms
Urinary System
urinary system
kidneys
nephrons
urea
contains the organs that remove waste products from your blood
a pair of organs that filter and clean the blood
microscopic filters in the kidneys that remove wastes such as…
waste product that contains nitrogen and is produced when cel…
urinary system
contains the organs that remove waste products from your blood
kidneys
a pair of organs that filter and clean the blood
Urinary System
Define excretion
What are the 4 components of the urina…
What hormones does the kidney produce?
What are the effects of calcitriol?
Removal of waste products from the body
1. kidneys... 2. ureters... 3. bladder... 4. urethra
1. calcitriol... 2. erythropoietin... 3. renin
1. promotes Ca2+ absorption in the small intestine... 2. promote…
Define excretion
Removal of waste products from the body
What are the 4 components of the urina…
1. kidneys... 2. ureters... 3. bladder... 4. urethra
57 terms
Urinary System
Liquid waste product that is 95 percen…
Microscopic filtering unit in kidney
Bean-shaped organ by vertebral column
Inner section of kidney
Urine
Nephron
Kidney
Medulla
Liquid waste product that is 95 percen…
Urine
Microscopic filtering unit in kidney
Nephron
61 terms
The Urinary System
ren/o
nephr/o
glomerul/o
pyel/o
kidney
kidney
glomerulus
renal pelvis
ren/o
kidney
nephr/o
kidney
95 terms
Urinary System
Aplasia/Agenesis
Renal Hypoplasia
Renal Hypoplasia: Microscopically
Ectopic Kidneys
Compensatory hyperplasia of contralatral kidney... Common in bea…
Incomplete Development of kidney... Unilateral = compensatory hy…
Dilated tubules in medulla... Interstitial fibrosis
Misplaced from normal sublumbar region. Malposition leads to…
Aplasia/Agenesis
Compensatory hyperplasia of contralatral kidney... Common in bea…
Renal Hypoplasia
Incomplete Development of kidney... Unilateral = compensatory hy…
43 terms
Urinary System
What are the structures of the urinary…
Kidneys
Ureters
Bladder
Kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra
Bean-shaped, fist-sized organ where urine is formed
Small muscular tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the…
Expandable organ that stores urine until it is expelled from…
What are the structures of the urinary…
Kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra
Kidneys
Bean-shaped, fist-sized organ where urine is formed
13 terms
Urinary System Facts
Hormone erythropoietin
Ureter
Urethra
Kidney
initiates red blood formation
~25cm x 6mm muscular tube that excretes urine
~8-9 mm in diameter tube that excretes urine
regulates blood pressure
Hormone erythropoietin
initiates red blood formation
Ureter
~25cm x 6mm muscular tube that excretes urine
5 terms
Urinary System
Urinary System
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary Bladder
eliminates nitrogenous wastes and regulates water, electrolyt…
filter nearly 200 liters of fluid daily from the bloodstream,…
the duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder.
provides a temporary... storage reservoir for urine.
Urinary System
eliminates nitrogenous wastes and regulates water, electrolyt…
Kidneys
filter nearly 200 liters of fluid daily from the bloodstream,…
29 terms
urinary system
adrenal gland
hepatic vein
Ureter
urethra
adrenal gland
hepatic vein
8 terms
Urinary System
Nephron
Filtration
Reabsorption
Secretion
each of the functional units in the kidney, consisting of a g…
the action or process of filtering something
a two-step process beginning with the active or passive extra…
a process by which substances are produced and discharged fro…
Nephron
each of the functional units in the kidney, consisting of a g…
Filtration
the action or process of filtering something
18 terms
Urinary System
urea
uric acid
urine
nephron
a breakdown product of proteins and/or amino acids.
the breakdown of nucleotides like DNA or RNA.
excess water and waste products that your kidneys filter from…
The functional unit of the kidney, in which waste products ar…
urea
a breakdown product of proteins and/or amino acids.
uric acid
the breakdown of nucleotides like DNA or RNA.
8 terms
Urinary System
urea
urethra
nephron
excretion
a chemical that comes from the breakdown of proteins and that…
a small tube through which the urine fliws from the body
one of a million tiny, filtering structures found in the kidn…
the process by which wastes are removed from the body
urea
a chemical that comes from the breakdown of proteins and that…
urethra
a small tube through which the urine fliws from the body
32 terms
Urinary System
Albumin/o
Azot/o
Blast/o
Glycos/o
Protein
Nitrogen
New Cells
Sugar
Albumin/o
Protein
Azot/o
Nitrogen
13 terms
Urinary System
urinary system
kidney
ureters
urinary bladder
organ system that makes, stores, and gets rid of urine
filters and cleans the blood and forms urine
brings urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
collects the urine
urinary system
organ system that makes, stores, and gets rid of urine
kidney
filters and cleans the blood and forms urine
27 terms
Urinary System
albumin/o
azot/o
bacteri/o
cyst/o
protein
nitrogen
bacteria
bladder
albumin/o
protein
azot/o
nitrogen
32 terms
Urinary System
Nephr/o Ren/o
-itis
Hydr/o
-sis
Kidney
inflammation
water
disease, condition
Nephr/o Ren/o
Kidney
-itis
inflammation
8 terms
Urinary System
kidney
ureter
urinary bladder
urethra
Identify the organ.
Identify the passageway.
Identify the organ.
Identify the passageway.
kidney
Identify the organ.
ureter
Identify the passageway.
24 terms
Urinary System
albumin/o
azot/o
bacteri/o
cyst/o
albumin, protein; albumin/oid :resembling albumin.
nitrogenous compounds; azot/emia: nitrogenous compounds in th…
bacteria (singular, bacterium); bacteri/uria: bacteria in uri…
bladder; cyst/o/scope: instrument for examining the bladder.
albumin/o
albumin, protein; albumin/oid :resembling albumin.
azot/o
nitrogenous compounds; azot/emia: nitrogenous compounds in th…
23 terms
Urinary System
Renal artery
Renal vein
Urea
Renin
Blood vessel that carries blood TO kidney
Blood vessel that carries blood AWAY from kidney
Waste product formed by the breakdown of proteins
Enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure
Renal artery
Blood vessel that carries blood TO kidney
Renal vein
Blood vessel that carries blood AWAY from kidney
26 terms
Urinary System
Functions of Urinary System
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary bladder
removes salts and nitrogenous wastes, maintains normal concen…
remove substances from the blood
transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder
stores urine; expandable; transitional epithelial cells
Functions of Urinary System
removes salts and nitrogenous wastes, maintains normal concen…
Kidneys
remove substances from the blood
76 terms
Urinary system
kidney function
main waste products
organs of urinary system
kidney
maintain chemical consistency (homeostasis) of blood, filter…
urea (pee), uric acid, creatine
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
found retroperitoneally, lateral to t12 and l3, right one is…
kidney function
maintain chemical consistency (homeostasis) of blood, filter…
main waste products
urea (pee), uric acid, creatine
56 terms
Urinary System
bladder
ADH
glycosuria
renin
Organ contains three layers of smooth muscle & two sphincters…
This hormone will aid in water retention.
Condition of having sugar in the urine
This hormone is released from the kidney when blood pressure…
bladder
Organ contains three layers of smooth muscle & two sphincters…
ADH
This hormone will aid in water retention.
22 terms
Urinary System
kidney
renal cortex
renal medulla
renal pyramid
kidney
renal cortex
43 terms
Urinary System
Kidney
Renal Pelvis
Glomerulus
Nephrons
el riñón
pelvis renal
glomérulo... tufts of capillaries where filtration occurs
nefronas, unidades de filtración en los riñones... make up the k…
Kidney
el riñón
Renal Pelvis
pelvis renal
13 terms
Urinary System
Hilum of the kidney
renal capsule
renal artery
renal vein
-Concave medial border (opening of the kidney)
This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is cont…
either of the arteries carrying blood to the kidneys from the…
blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and towa…
Hilum of the kidney
-Concave medial border (opening of the kidney)
renal capsule
This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is cont…
29 terms
Urinary System
Kidney
Renal Cortex
Renal Medulla
Renal Pyramids
Pair of organs located in the abdominal cavity that filter bl…
Outer portion of the kidney between the renal capsule and the…
Consists of several cone-shaped areas; innermost part of the…
Cone-shaped base with wider end facing the renal cortex; insi…
Kidney
Pair of organs located in the abdominal cavity that filter bl…
Renal Cortex
Outer portion of the kidney between the renal capsule and the…
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