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Study sets matching "us ap gov"

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Study sets matching "us ap gov"

65 terms
AP US Government Vocabulary
Amicus curiae
Block Grants
Casework
Categorical Grants
An argument filed with a court by an individual or group who…
Federal money given to the states with few restrictions about…
When congressional staff help a constituent solve a problem
Money given by the federal government to the states to be use…
Amicus curiae
An argument filed with a court by an individual or group who…
Block Grants
Federal money given to the states with few restrictions about…
46 terms
AP US Government Review
Federalists wanted:
Articles of Confederation only had one…
Federalist Paper No. 10
Federalist Paper No. 51
Strong central government/ ratification of the U.S. Constitut…
Legislative
faction system
Checks and balances, separation of powers
Federalists wanted:
Strong central government/ ratification of the U.S. Constitut…
Articles of Confederation only had one…
Legislative
121 terms
AP US Government Foundations
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
established the legislative branch
established the executive branch
established the judicial branch
defines relationships between the states
Article 1
established the legislative branch
Article 2
established the executive branch
1,111 terms
AP US Government
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
33 terms
Ap US Government: The Judiciary
Judiciary
US Supreme Court
Marbury V Madison
Judicial review
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
The 1803 Supreme Court case that established the power of jud…
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
Judiciary
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
US Supreme Court
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
396 terms
AP US Government
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
294 terms
AP US Government Vocabulary
affirmative action
amendment
amicus curiae briefs
appellate jurisdiction
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special empl…
Addition to the Constitution. These require approval by two-t…
"Friend of the court" briefs that qualified individuals or or…
Term used to describe courts whose role is to hear appeals fr…
affirmative action
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special empl…
amendment
Addition to the Constitution. These require approval by two-t…
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
27 terms
AP US Government- Amendments
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
Freedom of religion (Engle v Vital, Lemon v Kurtzman), speech…
Right to bear arms
Quartering of soldiers
Search and arrest warrants requires probable cause (Mapp v Oh…
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion (Engle v Vital, Lemon v Kurtzman), speech…
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
23 terms
AP US Government - Chapter 2
Constitution
Declaration of Independence:
Natural Rights:
Consent of the Governed:
Basically the overall broad rules the U.S. should semi try to…
A document written in 1776 that declared the U.S. independent…
Rights that every human should be entitled to: life, liberty,…
The idea of people must agree on who their rulers will be.
Constitution
Basically the overall broad rules the U.S. should semi try to…
Declaration of Independence:
A document written in 1776 that declared the U.S. independent…
26 terms
AP US Government Chapter 2
amendment
Antifederalists
Articles of Confederation
bill of attainder
A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by…
Those who favored a weaker national government.
A weak constitution that governed America during and immediat…
A law that declares a person, without trial, to be guilty of…
amendment
A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by…
Antifederalists
Those who favored a weaker national government.
245 terms
2016 AP US Government REVIEW
John Locke
Articles of Confederation
Anti-Federalist
Federalist
Natural rights: Life, liberty, and property. Consent of the p…
No president, no power to tax, no national court, no power to…
Believed the Constitution was a document for the elite. Wante…
Constitution Lovers Wanted a strong national government. They…
John Locke
Natural rights: Life, liberty, and property. Consent of the p…
Articles of Confederation
No president, no power to tax, no national court, no power to…
7 terms
AP US Government Chapter 4
civic competence
civic duty
civil society
class-consciousness
A belief that one can affect government policies.
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
Voluntary action that makes cooperation easier.
A belief that one is a member of an economic group whose inte…
civic competence
A belief that one can affect government policies.
civic duty
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
10 terms
AP US Government Chapter 8
activists
Australian ballot
grandfather clause
literacy test
People who tend to participate in all forms of politics.
A government-printed ballot of uniform dimensions to be cast…
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet…
A requirement that citizens show that they can read before re…
activists
People who tend to participate in all forms of politics.
Australian ballot
A government-printed ballot of uniform dimensions to be cast…
20 terms
AP US Government Chapter 9
caucus
congressional campaign
critical or realignment periods
ideological party
A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or…
A party committee in Congress that provides funds to committe…
A period when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular co…
A party that values principled stands on issues above all else.
caucus
A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or…
congressional campaign
A party committee in Congress that provides funds to committe…
11 terms
AP US Government Chapter 1
authority
bureaucratic view
democracy
direct (participatory) democracy
The right to use power.
View that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
Rule by the many.
A government in which all or most citizens participate direct…
authority
The right to use power.
bureaucratic view
View that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
13 terms
AP US Government Chapter 3
categorical grants
conditions of aid
dual federalism
Federalism
Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an air…
Terms set by the national government that states must meet if…
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
Government authority shared by national and local governments.
categorical grants
Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an air…
conditions of aid
Terms set by the national government that states must meet if…
11 terms
AP US Government Chapter 7
elite
exit polls
gender gap
norm
People who have a disproportionate amount of some valued reso…
Polls based on interviews conducted on election day with rand…
Difference in political views between men and women.
A standard of right or proper conduct.
elite
People who have a disproportionate amount of some valued reso…
exit polls
Polls based on interviews conducted on election day with rand…
388 terms
AP US Government Borrowed
activation
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
amicus curiae briefs
A goal of campaigns, to get a voter to contribute money or ri…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
Briefs submitted to the court by outside parties to influence…
activation
A goal of campaigns, to get a voter to contribute money or ri…
Affirmative Action
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
20 terms
AP US Government Chapter 10
527 organizations
blanket primary
closed primary
clothespin vote
Organizations under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code…
A primary election in which each voter may vote for candidate…
A primary election in which voting is limited to already regi…
The vote cast by a person who does not like either candidate…
527 organizations
Organizations under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code…
blanket primary
A primary election in which each voter may vote for candidate…
33 terms
AP US Government: Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Cruel and unusual punishment
Eighth Amendment
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
Eighth Amendment prohibits such punishment.
forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not de…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Civil Liberties
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
241 terms
AP US Government Vocab List
Affirmative Action
amicus curiae briefs
appropriations bill
authorization bill
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Briefs submitted to the court by outside parties to influence…
Act of Congress that funds programs within authorized limits.…
Act of Congress that makes or continues a government or entit…
Affirmative Action
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
amicus curiae briefs
Briefs submitted to the court by outside parties to influence…
402 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
Gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
the total value of all goods and services produced annually b…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elite and class theory
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
AP US Government: Constitutional Underpinnings
Bicameral Legislature
Block Grant
Categorical Grant
Project Grants
two house legislature
money granted by the federal government to the states for a b…
money granted by the federal government to the states for a n…
Federal categorical grants given for specific purposes and aw…
Bicameral Legislature
two house legislature
Block Grant
money granted by the federal government to the states for a b…
45 terms
AP US Government: Congress
Bicameral Legislature
Closed Rule
Cloture Rule
Committee on Committees
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow a bi…
A Senate rule offering a means for stopping a filibuster.
Assigns Republicans to standing committees in the Senate.
Bicameral Legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Closed Rule
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow a bi…
AP US Government Vocab all
Affirmative action
Strict scrutiny (Supreme Court)
Miranda warnings
Exclusionary rule
A policy in hiring that gives consideration or compensatory t…
A test used by the Supreme Court for issues such as affirmati…
The warning given to criminal suspects prior to questioning.
A restriction imposed at trial that disallows admission by th…
Affirmative action
A policy in hiring that gives consideration or compensatory t…
Strict scrutiny (Supreme Court)
A test used by the Supreme Court for issues such as affirmati…
396 terms
AP US Government
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
403 terms
AP US Government
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
59 terms
Federalism (AP US Government)
What is federalism?
Who usually wins in conflict: state or…
Federal Powers
Concurrent Powers
The relationships between the federal, state, and local gover…
Federal
Coin money, post office, declare war, treaties, armed forces,…
Tax, create laws, courts, eminent domain, fund education
What is federalism?
The relationships between the federal, state, and local gover…
Who usually wins in conflict: state or…
Federal
121 terms
AP US Government Foundations
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
established the legislative branch
established the executive branch
established the judicial branch
defines relationships between the states
Article 1
established the legislative branch
Article 2
established the executive branch
361 terms
AP US Government Review
administrative discretion
affirmative action
agenda building
agenda setting
The latitude that Congress gives agencies to make policy in t…
Any of a wide range of programs, from special recruitment eff…
The process by which new issues are brought into the politica…
The stage of the policymaking process during which problems g…
administrative discretion
The latitude that Congress gives agencies to make policy in t…
affirmative action
Any of a wide range of programs, from special recruitment eff…
65 terms
AP US Government Vocabulary
Amicus curiae
Block Grants
Casework
Categorical Grants
An argument filed with a court by an individual or group who…
Federal money given to the states with few restrictions about…
When congressional staff help a constituent solve a problem
Money given by the federal government to the states to be use…
Amicus curiae
An argument filed with a court by an individual or group who…
Block Grants
Federal money given to the states with few restrictions about…
128 terms
AP Government US Chapter 1
government
public goods
politics
political participation
d: the institutions and processes through which public polici…
d: goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone mu…
d: the process by which we select our governmental leaders an…
d: all the activities used by citizens to influence the selec…
government
d: the institutions and processes through which public polici…
public goods
d: goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone mu…
394 terms
AP US Government: EVERYTHING
advantage
authority
principle
determine(ing)
Something that puts one in a favorable position
n. Person or group in charge... v. Having power / control
a) Main, primary... b) what beliefs are based on
figure out OR cause
advantage
Something that puts one in a favorable position
authority
n. Person or group in charge... v. Having power / control
27 terms
AP US Government- Amendments
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
Freedom of religion (Engle v Vital, Lemon v Kurtzman), speech…
Right to bear arms
Quartering of soldiers
Search and arrest warrants requires probable cause (Mapp v Oh…
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion (Engle v Vital, Lemon v Kurtzman), speech…
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
1,111 terms
AP US Government
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
47 terms
AP US Government Congress
bicameral
filibuster
cloture
censure
A legislature divided into two houses.
A formal way of halting action on a bill by means of long spe…
A mechanism requiring sixty senators votes to cut off a debat…
A process by which a formal reprimand is issued to an individ…
bicameral
A legislature divided into two houses.
filibuster
A formal way of halting action on a bill by means of long spe…
40 terms
AP US Government - Gervais
Government (definition)
This 17th Century Philosopher spoke ab…
Tyranny
Separation of Powers
The system for implementing decisions made through the politi…
Thomas Hobbes, England
Unrestrained abuse of power.
The division of power across the judicial, executive, and leg…
Government (definition)
The system for implementing decisions made through the politi…
This 17th Century Philosopher spoke ab…
Thomas Hobbes, England
115 terms
AP US Government Institutions Review
instructed delegates
trustee model
Number of members in the House of Repr…
Basis for determining the number of re…
concept of representation that asserts that legislators shoul…
favored by Edmund Burke, it claims that the legislator should…
435
population
instructed delegates
concept of representation that asserts that legislators shoul…
trustee model
favored by Edmund Burke, it claims that the legislator should…
33 terms
Ap US Government: The Judiciary
Judiciary
US Supreme Court
Marbury V Madison
Judicial review
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
The 1803 Supreme Court case that established the power of jud…
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
Judiciary
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
US Supreme Court
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
396 terms
AP US Government
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
33 terms
Ap US Government: The Judiciary
Judiciary
US Supreme Court
Marbury V Madison
Judicial review
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
The 1803 Supreme Court case that established the power of jud…
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
Judiciary
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
US Supreme Court
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
59 terms
Federalism (AP US Government)
What is federalism?
Who usually wins in conflict: state or…
Federal Powers
Concurrent Powers
The relationships between the federal, state, and local gover…
Federal
Coin money, post office, declare war, treaties, armed forces,…
Tax, create laws, courts, eminent domain, fund education
What is federalism?
The relationships between the federal, state, and local gover…
Who usually wins in conflict: state or…
Federal
72 terms
AP US Government-Wade
amicus curiae briefs*
checks and balances*
civil liberties*
Civil Rights Act of 1964*
Briefs submitted to the court by outside parties to influence…
An important part of the Madisonian model designed to limit g…
Legal constitutional protections against government. (compare…
Law that made racial discrimination in public places illegal…
amicus curiae briefs*
Briefs submitted to the court by outside parties to influence…
checks and balances*
An important part of the Madisonian model designed to limit g…
231 terms
AP US Government Final Vocab
power
authority
legitimacy
direct democracy
the capacity or ability to direct or influence the behavior o…
persons having the legal power to make or enact laws
generally accepted view that the government has right to rule
government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
power
the capacity or ability to direct or influence the behavior o…
authority
persons having the legal power to make or enact laws
39 terms
AP US Government Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
Barron v. Baltimore
Established principle of judicial review (the Court's power t…
Banks-National Supremacy-Inherent Powers. Established that th…
Expanded commerce clause-expanded federal power. Interpreted…
Harbor-bill of rights does not pertain to states. Later chang…
Marbury v. Madison
Established principle of judicial review (the Court's power t…
McCulloch v. Maryland
Banks-National Supremacy-Inherent Powers. Established that th…
423 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
93 terms
Unit 1 AP US Government
What are the functions of national gov…
Government
Public goods
What are some examples of restricted (…
1. National Defense (army, weapons)... 2. Public Services (share…
Institutions that make decisions for society (Congress, presi…
Goods shared by everyone
College education and medical care
What are the functions of national gov…
1. National Defense (army, weapons)... 2. Public Services (share…
Government
Institutions that make decisions for society (Congress, presi…
51 terms
AP US Government and Politics
In what way does the supreme court che…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
the constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
the connecticut compromise addressed w…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
states
the principle of limited government
representation of the states in a bicameral legislature
In what way does the supreme court che…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
states
11 terms
AP US Government- Fractions
Senate confirm of presidential nominee…
Senate confirm of treaties
Impeachment trail
Motion of cloture
Simple majority
2/3
2/3
60%
Senate confirm of presidential nominee…
Simple majority
Senate confirm of treaties
2/3
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