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Study sets matching "us chapter 3"

26 terms
Chapter 3 US Government
Preamble
Popular Sovereignty
Federalism
Separation of Powers
A statement in a constitution that sets forth the goals and p…
Rule by the people.
A system in which power is divided between the national and s…
The divisions of power among the legislative, executive and j…
Preamble
A statement in a constitution that sets forth the goals and p…
Popular Sovereignty
Rule by the people.
11 terms
US History 1: Chapter 3.1
Mercantilism
Parliament
Navigation Acts
Dominion of New England
System in which nations seek to increase their wealth and pow…
Legislative body of England
A series of laws enacted by parliament, beginning in 1651, to…
The land from southern Maine to New Jersey after being combin…
Mercantilism
System in which nations seek to increase their wealth and pow…
Parliament
Legislative body of England
10 terms
us 2 chapter 3
Reconstruction
amnesty
black codes
carpetbagger
the period from 1865 to 1877 in which programs were created t…
a government pardon for and offense
a series of laws passed in early Reconstruction to limit the…
a Northerner who moved to the South after the Civil War for p…
Reconstruction
the period from 1865 to 1877 in which programs were created t…
amnesty
a government pardon for and offense
17 terms
US History- Chapter 3
Establish
Colonist
Blockhouse
Governor
Set up, start, build
Person that lives on a colony
A building made for protection
Leader of a colony or state
Establish
Set up, start, build
Colonist
Person that lives on a colony
49 terms
US - CHAPTER 3
INDENTURED SERVANTS
TRIANGULAR TRADE
MIDDLE PASSAGE
MAGNA CARTA
Poor immigrants who came to America from Europe. Wealthy plan…
The 3 sided trade route from Africa to the New World to Europ…
The segment of the Triangle Trade which brought captive Afric…
Agreement signed in 1215 by King John which limited the power…
INDENTURED SERVANTS
Poor immigrants who came to America from Europe. Wealthy plan…
TRIANGULAR TRADE
The 3 sided trade route from Africa to the New World to Europ…
21 terms
US - CHAPTER 3 - CONSTITUTION
Articles of Confederation
Who wrote the Articles of Confederation?
Land Ordinance of 1785
Northwest Ordinance
A plan for a loose union of the states under the authority of…
John Dickerson
established a process for surveying, planning and selling tow…
Provided the basis for governing much of the western territory
Articles of Confederation
A plan for a loose union of the states under the authority of…
Who wrote the Articles of Confederation?
John Dickerson
38 terms
US Government - Chapter 3 : The Constitution
constitution
bicameral
confederation
Articles of Confederation
a detailed, written plan for government
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
a group of individuals or state governments
the first constitution of the United States
constitution
a detailed, written plan for government
bicameral
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
20 terms
US History ch 3
Peqout War
Metacom
King Pilip's War
Guerilla Warfare
This was an armed conflict between the Pequot tribe and an al…
his adopted English name King Philip, was a Wampanoag and the…
War between New England and the Native Americans where they u…
Hit and run tactics used by the native Americans
Peqout War
This was an armed conflict between the Pequot tribe and an al…
Metacom
his adopted English name King Philip, was a Wampanoag and the…
34 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 3
English cultural domination
Benjamin West
John Copley
Benjamin Franklin
In the 18th century, cultural life in the colonies was domina…
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
He was the most popular and successful American writer of the…
English cultural domination
In the 18th century, cultural life in the colonies was domina…
Benjamin West
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
10 terms
US History Chapter 3
The king was not happy with the Separa…
Poor planning and the cold winter forc…
The Plymouth Company was a ___________…
John Rolfe planted ______________.
Pilgrims
colonists
stock
tabacco
The king was not happy with the Separa…
Pilgrims
Poor planning and the cold winter forc…
colonists
12 terms
US Culture Chapter 3: English to Spanish
travel
settle
made
search
viajar
establecerse
hacer
buscar
travel
viajar
settle
establecerse
16 terms
US Chapter 3
Charter
Sir Walter Raleigh
Joint-Stock Company
Captain John Smith
A document that gave the right to form a colony.
He led settlers to Roanoke twice.
Investors bought shares (ownership) hoping to make a profit o…
Saving Jamestown with the famous quote that says if you don't…
Charter
A document that gave the right to form a colony.
Sir Walter Raleigh
He led settlers to Roanoke twice.
16 terms
Crisis of Union (Chapter 3, US)
Bleeding Kansas
John Brown
Frederick Douglass
Fugitive Slave Act
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-…
abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful rai…
United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and becam…
a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed fo…
Bleeding Kansas
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-…
John Brown
abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful rai…
20 terms
US-Chapter 3
Gentry
Apprentice
Almanac
Indigo
"Gentle folk" that wore wigs, silk stockings, lace cuffs, and…
Individuals placed under a legal contract to work for another…
A book containing information such as calendars, weather pred…
A type of plant used in making a blue dye for cloth.
Gentry
"Gentle folk" that wore wigs, silk stockings, lace cuffs, and…
Apprentice
Individuals placed under a legal contract to work for another…
12 terms
Chapter 3 US History
Massachusetts... Pilgrims and John Winthr…
New Hampshire... John Wheelright... New Engl…
Rhode Island... Roger Williams and Anne H…
Connecticut ... Thomas Hooker... New England
Massachusetts... Pilgrims and John Winthr…
New Hampshire... John Wheelright... New Engl…
12 terms
US Culture Chapter 3: English and Pictures
travel
settle
made
search
. -
.---
.----
.----
travel
. -
settle
.---
42 terms
US - Chapter 3: The Development of Industrial America
4 Causes of Industrial Expansion
Section 1: The Triumph of Industry
Thomas Edison
Andrew Carnegie
1) nation's natural resources ex. lumber coal and oil... 2) plen…
Vocabulary words for Chapter 3 Section 1: Words 3-21
Inventor of lightbulb, phonograph and numerous other innovati…
A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who…
4 Causes of Industrial Expansion
1) nation's natural resources ex. lumber coal and oil... 2) plen…
Section 1: The Triumph of Industry
Vocabulary words for Chapter 3 Section 1: Words 3-21
US History Chapter 3
Benjamin Franklin
Yorktown
Boston Tea Party
Declaration of Independance
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to…
Battle that gave Americans victory in the war
Colonists protested taxation by boarding British ships and th…
1776 statement, issued by the Second Continental Congress, ex…
Benjamin Franklin
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to…
Yorktown
Battle that gave Americans victory in the war
38 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 3
English cultural domination
John Copley
Benjamin West
Benjamin Franklin
Most of the population of the colonies was English, but Afric…
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
Writer and scientist; author of Poor Richard's Almanack and i…
English cultural domination
Most of the population of the colonies was English, but Afric…
John Copley
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
34 terms
US history chapter 3
Jamestown
John Smith
Pocahontas
indentured servents
the first permanent English settlement in North America
a leader of Jamestown who built a fort and sought help from t…
daughter of the Powhatan leader who married John Rolfe
people who signed a contract to work for four to seven years…
Jamestown
the first permanent English settlement in North America
John Smith
a leader of Jamestown who built a fort and sought help from t…
15 terms
Chapter 3 US Vocabulary
Placer Mining
Homestead Act
Ghost Dance
Dawes Act
Using simple tools (picks, pans, shovels, sleuce boxes, etc..…
Government plan to attract settlers to the West. 1) $10 fee.…
A dance performed by Native Americans to lessen the effective…
160 acres for head of household, 80 acres for an adult, 40 ac…
Placer Mining
Using simple tools (picks, pans, shovels, sleuce boxes, etc..…
Homestead Act
Government plan to attract settlers to the West. 1) $10 fee.…
16 terms
US History: Chapter 3- Colonial America
charter
joint-stock company
headright
burgess
a document that granted the right to form a colony.
a company in which investors buy stock in return for a share…
a 50-acre grant of land given to colonial settlers who paid t…
elected representative to an assembly
charter
a document that granted the right to form a colony.
joint-stock company
a company in which investors buy stock in return for a share…
25 terms
US History Chapter 3
Indentured Servant
Diversity in the 13 Colonies
Transatlantic Slave Trade
Triangular Trade
Colonists who received free passage to North America in excha…
English, Scots, German, Dutch, French, Swedish, Africans dive…
Colonial shipping route that brought many Africans to North A…
Slave traders sailed from Europe to Africa - traded manufactu…
Indentured Servant
Colonists who received free passage to North America in excha…
Diversity in the 13 Colonies
English, Scots, German, Dutch, French, Swedish, Africans dive…
7 terms
US History Chapter 3 -AC
tobacco
indigo
plantation
frontier
The Jamestown settlers soon began growing large quantities of…
A plant used to make valuable blue dye
a large farm
Land not yet settled by people
tobacco
The Jamestown settlers soon began growing large quantities of…
indigo
A plant used to make valuable blue dye
13 terms
US Government - Chapter 3 : The Constitution
constitution
bicameral
confederation
Articles of Confederation
a detailed, written plan for government
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
a group of individuals or state governments
the first constitution of the United States
constitution
a detailed, written plan for government
bicameral
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
20 terms
Chapter 3 US HISTORY
James Madison
Thomas Jefferson
Lewis and Clark
Albert Gallatin
This man was Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State
President during the time of the Louisiana Purchase. He hired…
These two men explored the Louisiana Territory.
This man was Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of Treasure. He hel…
James Madison
This man was Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State
Thomas Jefferson
President during the time of the Louisiana Purchase. He hired…
25 terms
Chapter 3 Ms. Carbone US I
Religious freedom
Governor
Plantation
General Assembly
- one reason people came to the colonies
- person chosen to lead people in a given area, such as a col…
- a large farm that grows huge amounts of one crop
- group that makes laws
Religious freedom
- one reason people came to the colonies
Governor
- person chosen to lead people in a given area, such as a col…
22 terms
Us history chapter 3
(1620) to maintain order in their Amer…
began in 1630 more than 40,00 people l…
cooperation between church and state i…
(1639) first written constitution in t…
mayflower compact
great Migration
New England way
Fundamental orders of Connecticut
(1620) to maintain order in their Amer…
mayflower compact
began in 1630 more than 40,00 people l…
great Migration
12 terms
US History Chapter 3
Great Wagon Road
Scots-Irish
Pennsylvania Dutch
hornbook
an old Iroquois trail which provided access to back country s…
Presbyterians from Ulster in Ireland that escaped religious p…
German immigrants that remained in Pennsylvania
child's first academic book covered in thin film of horn
Great Wagon Road
an old Iroquois trail which provided access to back country s…
Scots-Irish
Presbyterians from Ulster in Ireland that escaped religious p…
29 terms
Chapter 3: The World Around Us
relative location
absolute location
grid map
symbols
The place where something is by comparing it to something else.
The exact spot where a place is located.
a map with lines that cross to make squares to tell the locat…
Pictures on a map that stands for real things; an object that…
relative location
The place where something is by comparing it to something else.
absolute location
The exact spot where a place is located.
16 terms
US History Chapter 3
Pocahontas
indentured servants
Olaudah Equiano
Puritans
daughter of Powhatan chief whose marriage to colonist John Ro…
colonists who received free passage to North America in excha…
a former slave that recorded his experience as a slave and th…
Protestant group that wanted to purify, or reform, the Anglic…
Pocahontas
daughter of Powhatan chief whose marriage to colonist John Ro…
indentured servants
colonists who received free passage to North America in excha…
39 terms
US Government - Chapter 3 : The Constitution
a written plan for government un plan…
the legislature consisting of two part…
a group of individuals or state govern…
the first constitution of the United S…
constitution
bicameral
confederation
Articles of Confederation
a written plan for government un plan…
constitution
the legislature consisting of two part…
bicameral
12 terms
Chapter 3 AP US
Separatists
Mayflower Compact
Puritans
Protestants
People who wanted to have a separate, or different church. Al…
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It…
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England.…
Christian group that broke away from the Catholic Church
Separatists
People who wanted to have a separate, or different church. Al…
Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It…
77 terms
US History Chapter 3 Vocabulary
extract
adapt
prior
placer mining
to remove by force
to change in order to meet the demands of a certain environme…
happening before an event
method of extracting mineral ore by hand using simple tools l…
extract
to remove by force
adapt
to change in order to meet the demands of a certain environme…
40 terms
US History Chapter 3
How many time zones are there in the c…
What factors contributed to the immens…
The use of standardized time and time…
In what time zone is Memphis, TN locat…
four
a wealth of natural resources, government support for busines…
railroad companies and train travelers
Central
How many time zones are there in the c…
four
What factors contributed to the immens…
a wealth of natural resources, government support for busines…
13 terms
Ms. Pallitto US History; Chapter 3
joint-stock company
Roanoke Island
Virginia Colony
Jamestown
Companies backed by investors who receive pieces of ownership…
In 1587 Raleigh and John White established a second colony on…
Sir Walter Raleigh began the first English colony and named i…
First permanent English colony, near the James River and the…
joint-stock company
Companies backed by investors who receive pieces of ownership…
Roanoke Island
In 1587 Raleigh and John White established a second colony on…
36 terms
US Constitution definitions chapter 3
Due Process of Laws
Reserved Powers
Slander
Libel
All the procedures for fair treatment that must be carried ou…
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or…
A false statement which harms the reputation of others and gi…
A written defamation of a person's character, reputation, bus…
Due Process of Laws
All the procedures for fair treatment that must be carried ou…
Reserved Powers
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or…
US History Chapter 3
emperor
magnetic compass
caravan
pilgrimage
the ruler of an empire
a tool sailors use to see what direction they are traveling
a group of traders traveling together. Many early traders tra…
a journey taken for religious reasons
emperor
the ruler of an empire
magnetic compass
a tool sailors use to see what direction they are traveling
34 terms
US Government Chapter 3
amendment
formal amendment
informal amendment
Bill of Rights
a change or addition to a constitutional law
change or addition that becomes part of the written language…
a change made in the Constitution not by a actual written ame…
the first 10 amendments of the Constitution
amendment
a change or addition to a constitutional law
formal amendment
change or addition that becomes part of the written language…
14 terms
US History: Chapter 3, 4, 5 Lighthouse
Homestead Act
Wounded Knee Creek
Vigilance committees
American Protective Association
Made Cheap Land available to settlers on Great Plains
Muderous battle between US soldiers and Lakota men, women and…
Self-appointed volunteers who tracked down and punished wrong…
An anti-immigrant organization
Homestead Act
Made Cheap Land available to settlers on Great Plains
Wounded Knee Creek
Muderous battle between US soldiers and Lakota men, women and…
13 terms
US History Chapter 3
mercantilism
navigation acts
salutary neglect
plantation
- a protectionist economic system in which nations increase w…
Protectionist restrictions/laws that Britain imposed on the c…
•As long as the colonies continued to provide raw materials,…
•a large farm, or estate, where crops are grown for sale. Ens…
mercantilism
- a protectionist economic system in which nations increase w…
navigation acts
Protectionist restrictions/laws that Britain imposed on the c…
25 terms
US Government - Chapter 3 & 4
mandates
delegated powers
extradition
Bill of Rights
Requirements imposed by the national govt on state & local go…
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US…
A legal process whereby an alleged criminal offender is surre…
A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of…
mandates
Requirements imposed by the national govt on state & local go…
delegated powers
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US…
11 terms
Chapter 3 Vocab List US History 1
1. frontier
2. export
3. economy
4. Common
Newly settled area just outside an area of older settlements
To send goods to another region or country
the way goods, wealth, and services are created and used.
An open area shared by all the villagers
1. frontier
Newly settled area just outside an area of older settlements
2. export
To send goods to another region or country
13 terms
AP US Government Chapter 3
categorical grants
conditions of aid
dual federalism
Federalism
Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an air…
Terms set by the national government that states must meet if…
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
Government authority shared by national and local governments.
categorical grants
Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an air…
conditions of aid
Terms set by the national government that states must meet if…
31 terms
US Government chapter 3 vocabulary
confederal system
federal system
concurrent powers
enumerated powers
several independent sovereign governments agree to cooperate…
The sharing of power between the central and state governments.
basic governing functions of all sovereign governments. In th…
the powers of the national government that are listed in the…
confederal system
several independent sovereign governments agree to cooperate…
federal system
The sharing of power between the central and state governments.
20 terms
US Chapter 3
Articles of Confederation
Northwest Ordinance
Shays' Rebellion
James Madison
A weak plan of government that created a loose confederation…
Enacted in 1787, established a system for setting up governme…
1786 uprising by Massachusetts farmers against high taxes; th…
The Father of the Constitution
Articles of Confederation
A weak plan of government that created a loose confederation…
Northwest Ordinance
Enacted in 1787, established a system for setting up governme…
24 terms
US History 10- Chapter 3 Vocabulary Terms
Merchantilism
Parliament
Navigation Acts
Dominion of New England
An economic system in which nations seek to increase their we…
The legislative body of England
Series of laws enacted by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to t…
Land from southern Maine to New Jersey United into one vast c…
Merchantilism
An economic system in which nations seek to increase their we…
Parliament
The legislative body of England
47 terms
Us History Chapter 3
Democratic-Republicans
Jeffersonian Republicanism
Marbury v. Madison
John Marshall
A political party known for support of strong state governmen…
Jefferson's theory of government, which held that a simple go…
An 1803case in which the Supreme Court ruled that it had the…
...
Democratic-Republicans
A political party known for support of strong state governmen…
Jeffersonian Republicanism
Jefferson's theory of government, which held that a simple go…
8 terms
US History 1: Chapter 3.2
Cash Crop
Slaves
Triangular Trade
Middle Passage
A crop grown by a farmer for sale rather than for personal use
A person who becomes the property of others
Transatlantic system of trade in which goods and people, incl…
The voyage that brought enslaved Africans to the West Indies…
Cash Crop
A crop grown by a farmer for sale rather than for personal use
Slaves
A person who becomes the property of others
9 terms
Chapter 3: Physical Geography: US & Canada
glacier
landform
erosion
river system
a thick sheet of ice that moves slowly across land
a feature of Earth's surface, such as a mountain, valley, or…
the process by which environmental factors, such as wind, riv…
a network that includes a major river and its tributaries
glacier
a thick sheet of ice that moves slowly across land
landform
a feature of Earth's surface, such as a mountain, valley, or…
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