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Study sets matching "us government chapter 1"

10 terms
US Government Chapter 1
government
public policy
legislative power
executive power
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
The power to make laws
the power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
government
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
public policy
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
10 terms
US Government Chapter 1
government
public policy
legislative power
executive power
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
The power to make laws
the power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
government
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
public policy
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
13 terms
US Government Chapter 1
government
public policy
legislative power
executive power
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
The power to make laws
the power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
government
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
public policy
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
27 terms
US government Chapter 1
government
power
policy
state
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
government's authority and ability to get things done
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
a political unit with the power to make and enforce laws over…
government
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
power
government's authority and ability to get things done
16 terms
US Government Chapter 1
Government
Public Policy
Constitution
Dictatorship
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
All the things the government decides to do
The body of fundamental laws setting out principles, structur…
Ultimate responsibility for the exercise of power may be held…
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Public Policy
All the things the government decides to do
US Government Chapter 1
constitution
democracy
replublic
liberty
a written set of laws, the rules of government
government of a country by its people
a government in which power is held by representatives electe…
freedom
constitution
a written set of laws, the rules of government
democracy
government of a country by its people
20 terms
US Government Chapter 1: Principles of Government
Government
Legislative Power
Executive Power
Judicial Power
the group of people and agencies entrusted with making and ca…
the power to make laws
the power to carry out laws
the power to settle arguments and decide on the meaning of laws
Government
the group of people and agencies entrusted with making and ca…
Legislative Power
the power to make laws
33 terms
US Government - Chapter 1: Foundations of American Government
State
Nation
Nation-State
Consensus
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
A group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
A country in which the territory of both the nation and the s…
An agreement about basic beliefs.
State
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Nation
A group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
11 terms
AP US Government Chapter 1
authority
bureaucratic view
democracy
direct (participatory) democracy
The right to use power.
View that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
Rule by the many.
A government in which all or most citizens participate direct…
authority
The right to use power.
bureaucratic view
View that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
25 terms
US Government - Chapter 1 & 2
anarchy
extralegal
interstate commerce
Bill of Rights
(n) a lack of government and law; confusion
beyond the jurisdiction of the law; not regulated by law
trade between two or more states
First ten amendments to the Constitution; major source of civ…
anarchy
(n) a lack of government and law; confusion
extralegal
beyond the jurisdiction of the law; not regulated by law
128 terms
AP Government US Chapter 1
government
public goods
politics
political participation
d: the institutions and processes through which public polici…
d: goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone mu…
d: the process by which we select our governmental leaders an…
d: all the activities used by citizens to influence the selec…
government
d: the institutions and processes through which public polici…
public goods
d: goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone mu…
30 terms
Chapter 1 US government
power divided between a central govern…
one person with unlimited political po…
legislative and executive branches are…
several separate states join together
Federal government
autocracy
Presidential government
confederate government
power divided between a central govern…
Federal government
one person with unlimited political po…
autocracy
10 terms
US Government Chapter 1
government
public policy
legislative power
executive power
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
The power to make laws
the power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
government
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
public policy
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
9 terms
US Government Chapter 1
democracy
Senate
monarchy
Magna Carta
Greek word meaning "rule by the people"
this group in ancient Rome made the rules and laws
this type of government rulers have titles such as king, quee…
the important document written by the Pilgrims before they le…
democracy
Greek word meaning "rule by the people"
Senate
this group in ancient Rome made the rules and laws
10 terms
US Government Chapter 1
state
free enterprise
oligarchy
autocracy
a group of people living in a defined territory, having a gov…
The freedom of private businesses to operate with few governm…
A government in which a small group of people hold unlimited…
a government in which one person holds unlimited political po…
state
a group of people living in a defined territory, having a gov…
free enterprise
The freedom of private businesses to operate with few governm…
32 terms
US Government Chapter 1
public policy
legislative power
executive power
judicial power
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
The power to make laws
the power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
the power to interpret laws and judge whether a law has been…
public policy
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
legislative power
The power to make laws
21 terms
US/VA Government Chapter 1
Legislative Power
Executive Power
Judicial Power
Dictatorship
The power to make laws
The power to carry out laws
The power to settle arguments and decide the meaning of laws
A person or a small group of people ruling a country with tot…
Legislative Power
The power to make laws
Executive Power
The power to carry out laws
21 terms
US Government: Chapter 1
Government
Legislative Power
Executive Power
Judicial Power
is the group of people and agencies entrusted with making and…
is the power to make the laws
is the power to carry out laws
is the power to settle arguments an decide on the meaning of…
Government
is the group of people and agencies entrusted with making and…
Legislative Power
is the power to make the laws
32 terms
US Government Chapter 1
authority and legitimacy
totalitarian gov't
oligarchy
-without legitimacy, you have no authority... -kings got their l…
gov't owns everything and controls every aspect of life
a group rules
authority and legitimacy
-without legitimacy, you have no authority... -kings got their l…
totalitarian gov't
gov't owns everything and controls every aspect of life
23 terms
US Government Chapter 1
Democracy
maintain social order
provide public services
provide national security and a common…
role by many persons
Purposes for the state
Purposes for the state
Purposes for the state
Democracy
role by many persons
maintain social order
Purposes for the state
22 terms
Chapter 1 (US Government)
Republic
Representative Democracy
Limited Government
Nation
Voters hold all the power, all people in power are voted in
People elect representatives and give them power to make laws…
In this government, the laws and the Constitution even apply…
sizable group of people united by common bonds, race, languag…
Republic
Voters hold all the power, all people in power are voted in
Representative Democracy
People elect representatives and give them power to make laws…
21 terms
US Government Chapter 1
Government
Legislative Power
Executive Power
Judicial Power
a group of people and agencies entrusted with making and carr…
is the power to make laws
is the power to carry out laws
is the power to settle arguments and decide on the meaning of…
Government
a group of people and agencies entrusted with making and carr…
Legislative Power
is the power to make laws
37 terms
US Government Chapter 1
social conflict
power
authority
public services
disagreements among people in a society over what the society…
ability to influence the behavior of others
ability to legitimately exercise power
essential services that individuals cannot provide for themse…
social conflict
disagreements among people in a society over what the society…
power
ability to influence the behavior of others
26 terms
chapter 1 beginnings of us government
ancient
colonist
combination
community
Many years ago: belong to early history.
Person that settles in a new country
a grouping of people things or ideas that are joined together…
the people living together in an area a groupe of people who…
ancient
Many years ago: belong to early history.
colonist
Person that settles in a new country
37 terms
US GOVERNMENT: Chapter 1
Government
Public Policy
Legislative Power
Judicial Power
Is that institution through which a society makes and enforce…
All of the things a government decides to do
The power to make laws and To frame public policies
The power to enter loss interpret laws, to determine their me…
Government
Is that institution through which a society makes and enforce…
Public Policy
All of the things a government decides to do
23 terms
US Government: Chapter 1
Conservative
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Government
limited government is best (esp. in regulating the economy);…
power to the people, either directly or indirectly
people at the center of power
the formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…
Conservative
limited government is best (esp. in regulating the economy);…
Democracy
power to the people, either directly or indirectly
US GOVERNMENT chapter 1
Government
Public policies
Legislative power
Executive power
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
The power to make a law and to frame public policies
The power to execute enforce and administrate
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Public policies
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
45 terms
US Government Chapter 1
Government
Power
What are the three powers?
Policy
Formal structures and institutions through which a territory…
Governments authority to make and enforce policies and laws
Legislative... Executive... Judicial
Any decision made by the government in pursuit of a particula…
Government
Formal structures and institutions through which a territory…
Power
Governments authority to make and enforce policies and laws
25 terms
US Government Chapter 1
government
public policy
legislative power
executive power
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
The power to make laws
the power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
government
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
public policy
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
22 terms
US Government: Chapter 1
Public Policies
Goverment
Legislative power
executive power
all of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
the institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
the power to make a law and and to frame public policies
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
Public Policies
all of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
Goverment
the institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
12 terms
US Government Chapter 1
State
Sovereignty
Government
Social Contract Theory
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
The supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
The institution through which the state maintains social orde…
Theory that by contract people surrender to the state of powe…
State
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Sovereignty
The supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
20 terms
US Government Chapter 1
government
autocracy
oligarchy
democracy
the institutions and procedures through which a land and its…
a form of government in which a single individual rules
a form of government in which a small group of landowners, mi…
a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant…
government
the institutions and procedures through which a land and its…
autocracy
a form of government in which a single individual rules
19 terms
US Government Chapter 1
Monarchy or dictator ship
representative democracy
majority rule
minority rights
a single person exercises absolute power
citizens hold public officials accountable through periodic e…
the principle that the greater number should exercise greater…
protections beyond the reach of majority control guaranteed t…
Monarchy or dictator ship
a single person exercises absolute power
representative democracy
citizens hold public officials accountable through periodic e…
45 terms
US government chapter 1
government
de facto
confederation
divine right
institutions by which a country is ruled and its public polic…
"actual"
Political system marked by a weak central government and powe…
the belief that power to rule is derived from god
government
institutions by which a country is ruled and its public polic…
de facto
"actual"
20 terms
US Government Chapter 1 names and terms
Government
Constitution
Politics
Democracy
The institution through which a society makes & enforces laws.
A the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, st…
The means by which government is conducted.
This system of government has powers divided between a centra…
Government
The institution through which a society makes & enforces laws.
Constitution
A the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, st…
48 terms
US Government Key Terms: Chapter 1-2
Autocracy
Oligarchy
Unitary Government
Federal Government
Power to rule in the hands of one
Small group holds the power
Power goes to the central government
Power divided between federal and state government
Autocracy
Power to rule in the hands of one
Oligarchy
Small group holds the power
13 terms
US Government Chapter 1
legitimacy
government
liberty
free enterprise
something that is legal and lawful
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
Freedom from government control
Economic system in which individuals and businesses are allow…
legitimacy
something that is legal and lawful
government
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
48 terms
US Government Chapter 1-2
4 characteristics of a state
Define Government
The dominant political unit in the wor…
Define Public Policies
Population, Territory, Sovereignty, Government
Institution through which society makes and enforces public p…
The State.
Anything that the Government does.
4 characteristics of a state
Population, Territory, Sovereignty, Government
Define Government
Institution through which society makes and enforces public p…
17 terms
US Government Chapter 1 Study Guide 2016
government
sovereignty
Theocracy
Totalitarianism
an institution through which a society makes and enforces pub…
when a country has supreme power within its own territory;
A government operated by Religious Leaders
When government leaders have absolute political power which i…
government
an institution through which a society makes and enforces pub…
sovereignty
when a country has supreme power within its own territory;
26 terms
US Government Chapter 1
Government
public policies
basic powers
legislative power
is the institution through which a society make and enforces…
all of those things a government decides to do; covers matter…
legislative, executive, judicial
the power to make laws and to frame public policies
Government
is the institution through which a society make and enforces…
public policies
all of those things a government decides to do; covers matter…
30 terms
Chapter 1 US government
power divided between a central govern…
one person with unlimited political po…
legislative and executive branches are…
several separate states join together
Federal government
autocracy
Presidential government
confederate government
power divided between a central govern…
Federal government
one person with unlimited political po…
autocracy
12 terms
US Government Chapter 1
what are the 6 functions of government?
explain what the government does to pr…
explain what the government does to ma…
explain what the government does to pr…
provides leadership, maintaining order, provides public servi…
set policies/ procedures... creating laws
enforcement of policies... punishment for breaking laws
divides money for necessities ... fixing potholes
what are the 6 functions of government?
provides leadership, maintaining order, provides public servi…
explain what the government does to pr…
set policies/ procedures... creating laws
22 terms
AP US Government - Chapter 1
Government
Public Goods
Politics
Political Participation
The institutions that make authoritative decisions for any gi…
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
The process by which we select our governmental leaders and w…
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selectio…
Government
The institutions that make authoritative decisions for any gi…
Public Goods
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
37 terms
AP US Government - Chapter 1
Functions/Purposes of a Democratic Gov…
Referendum
Referendum/Initiative/Recall
Direct Democracy
1. Security (Shays Rebellion) ... 2. Protect Liberty (Bill of Ri…
State issues are given to the people to decide (Direct Democr…
Ways in which a democracy functions within a state ... Most comm…
Everyone votes, time consuming, hard to be an expert on the i…
Functions/Purposes of a Democratic Gov…
1. Security (Shays Rebellion) ... 2. Protect Liberty (Bill of Ri…
Referendum
State issues are given to the people to decide (Direct Democr…
18 terms
US Government Chapter 1 Terms
State
sovereignty
nation
government
a political community that occupies a definite territory and…
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tr…
the institution through which the state maintains social orde…
State
a political community that occupies a definite territory and…
sovereignty
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
37 terms
US Government Chapter 1
Politics
Power
Social Order
Legitimate
A process of determining how power and resources are distribu…
The ability to get other people to do what you want.
The way we organize and live our collective lives.
Accepted as right or proper.
Politics
A process of determining how power and resources are distribu…
Power
The ability to get other people to do what you want.
28 terms
US Government Chapter 1-2
Culture
Judeo-Christian Heritage
Puritan work ethic
free enterprise
A people's way of life
primary cultural influence on American society; the beliefs o…
idea that work is a gift from God and a means of glorifying Him
an economic system in which the government leaves individuals…
Culture
A people's way of life
Judeo-Christian Heritage
primary cultural influence on American society; the beliefs o…
US Government Chapter 1 Review
Characteristics of a Nation State
4 Roles of Government
Evolutionary Theory
Force Theory
Population, Government, Territory, Sovereignty (PGTS)
Maintain Order... Provide Defense (ODDS)... Enforce Decisions... Provi…
Formed out of primitive families; Throne is passed down
Group claims territory and forces population to submit
Characteristics of a Nation State
Population, Government, Territory, Sovereignty (PGTS)
4 Roles of Government
Maintain Order... Provide Defense (ODDS)... Enforce Decisions... Provi…
15 terms
US Government Chapter 1 Terms
Government
Public Policies
Legislative Power
Executive Power
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
All the things a government decides to do.
Power to make the law and to frame public policies.
Power to execute, enforce, and administer law.
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Public Policies
All the things a government decides to do.
14 terms
US Government chapter 1 vocab
Presidential government
Unitary government
Parliamentary government
Federal government
a form of government in which the executive and legislative b…
A centralized government in which all government powers belon…
A form of government in which the executive branch is made up…
A form of government in which powers are divided between a ce…
Presidential government
a form of government in which the executive and legislative b…
Unitary government
A centralized government in which all government powers belon…
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