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Study sets matching "us government federal"

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Study sets matching "us government federal"

14 terms
US Government- Federal Courts
Judicial Acts of 1789
Prosecutorial discretion
Precedent
Jurisdiction ... -Original... -Appellate
was the first act of congress to be partially invalidated by…
refers to the discretion exercised by the attorney-general in…
body of decisions made throughout the history of our legal sy…
Original: Trial courts that hear the facts of a case... Appella…
Judicial Acts of 1789
was the first act of congress to be partially invalidated by…
Prosecutorial discretion
refers to the discretion exercised by the attorney-general in…
48 terms
us federal government
legislative
executive
judicial
house of rep years
makes laws
enforces laws
judges laws
2
legislative
makes laws
executive
enforces laws
9 terms
US History-- Federal Government
legislative officers 2
executive officers 3
judicial officers 2
legislative primary duties 4
house of representatives, senate
president, vice president, cabinet
supreme court, other federal courts
makes laws, collects taxes, borrows money, declares war
legislative officers 2
house of representatives, senate
executive officers 3
president, vice president, cabinet
38 terms
Federalism in US Government Exam
Define "federalism"
Types of Government Systems
"Supremacy Clause"
"Necessary and Proper Clause"
relations between National, state and local governments; requ…
• Federal (Regional and national governments both have real p…
Article 6 of the Constitution, states that the federal govern…
Article 1, Section 6 of the Constitution (Elastic Clause); st…
Define "federalism"
relations between National, state and local governments; requ…
Types of Government Systems
• Federal (Regional and national governments both have real p…
53 terms
US Government The Federal system
What allows federal income tax?
What are the first steps toward stateh…
What gives government control of immig…
What is another name for expressed pow…
The 16th Amendment
The Enableing Act
Inherent Powers
Inherent Powers
What allows federal income tax?
The 16th Amendment
What are the first steps toward stateh…
The Enableing Act
59 terms
Federalism (AP US Government)
What is federalism?
Who usually wins in conflict: state or…
Federal Powers
Concurrent Powers
The relationships between the federal, state, and local gover…
Federal
Coin money, post office, declare war, treaties, armed forces,…
Tax, create laws, courts, eminent domain, fund education
What is federalism?
The relationships between the federal, state, and local gover…
Who usually wins in conflict: state or…
Federal
29 terms
Us Gov - federal government
gerrymandering
reapportionment
single member district
expressed powers
act of drawing congressional districts to the advantage of th…
every 10 years after census (due to Reapportionment Act of 19…
the voter's in each district elect one of the State's represe…
are granted to Congress explicitly in the Constitution.
gerrymandering
act of drawing congressional districts to the advantage of th…
reapportionment
every 10 years after census (due to Reapportionment Act of 19…
13 terms
department of the US federal government
agriculture
defense
energy
justice
...
...
...
...
agriculture
...
defense
...
26 terms
AP US GOVERNMENT- Federalism
Federalism
Delegated powers
Implied powers
Inherent powers
political system where the powers of government are divided b…
expressed, or enumerated, powers given specifically to the na…
although not expressed, powers that may be reasonably inferre…
powers that exist for the national government because the gov…
Federalism
political system where the powers of government are divided b…
Delegated powers
expressed, or enumerated, powers given specifically to the na…
19 terms
US Government - Chapter 4: Federalism
delegated powers
inherent powers
reserved powers
supremacy clause
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
powers saved for the states
constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution…
delegated powers
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
inherent powers
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
US Federal Government Review
Federalism
What is the greatest challenge of fede…
Two other systems of government
What three powers are used in a Federa…
Regional division of powers
Sovereignty (legitimacy/jurisdiction)
Confederation and Unitary
Enumerated Powers, Reserved Powers, Concurrent Powers
Federalism
Regional division of powers
What is the greatest challenge of fede…
Sovereignty (legitimacy/jurisdiction)
9 terms
AP US Government: Federalism
Block Grants
Categorical Grants
Devolution
Layer Cake Federalism
a grant from a central government that a local authority can…
issued by the United States Congress, which may be spent only…
the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, especia…
Dual federalism, also referred to as divided sovereignty, is…
Block Grants
a grant from a central government that a local authority can…
Categorical Grants
issued by the United States Congress, which may be spent only…
34 terms
The US Constitution and the Federal Government
Popular Sovereignty
Rule of Law
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
people hold the final authority in all matters of government
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who go…
the split authority among the legislative, judicial, and exec…
a system in which each each branch of government is able to c…
Popular Sovereignty
people hold the final authority in all matters of government
Rule of Law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who go…
10 terms
AP US Government (Federalism)
block grants
categorical grants
Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)
eminent domain
a form of grant-in-aid that the federal government uses to pr…
grants issued by the United States Congress, which may be spe…
(enacted September 21, 1996) a United States federal law that…
the right of a government or its agent to expropriate private…
block grants
a form of grant-in-aid that the federal government uses to pr…
categorical grants
grants issued by the United States Congress, which may be spe…
13 terms
US Government - Federalism
Block grants
Categorical grants
Elastic clause
Enumerated powers
broad program grants given more or less automatically to stat…
grants that can be used only for specific purposes or categor…
the statement in the Constitution which says that Congress ha…
powers of Congress found in Article I, Section 8 of the Const…
Block grants
broad program grants given more or less automatically to stat…
Categorical grants
grants that can be used only for specific purposes or categor…
18 terms
AP US Government Federalism
Federalism
delegated powers
implied powers
inherent powers
A political system where the powers of government are divided…
expressed or enumerate powers. Given specifically to the nati…
powers inferred from the constitution
Powers that exist for the national government because the gov…
Federalism
A political system where the powers of government are divided…
delegated powers
expressed or enumerate powers. Given specifically to the nati…
44 terms
AP US Government: Federalism
How is power divided between the Feder…
The ________ divides power in the Fede…
The Framers believed government power…
What can influence national policies a…
Exclusive powers, Reserved powers, and concurrent powers.
Constitution
Divided; Limited
successful state programs (welfare reform)
How is power divided between the Feder…
Exclusive powers, Reserved powers, and concurrent powers.
The ________ divides power in the Fede…
Constitution
21 terms
AP US GOVERNMENT- Federalism
Federalism
Delegated powers
Implied powers
Inherent powers
political system where the powers of government are divided b…
expressed, or enumerated, powers given specifically to the na…
powers inferred from the Constitution that are used to carry…
powers that exist for the national government because the gov…
Federalism
political system where the powers of government are divided b…
Delegated powers
expressed, or enumerated, powers given specifically to the na…
13 terms
Us government federalism
Federalism
Expressed
Expressed
Expressed
A centeral feature of the american political system
Powers that are directly stated in the constitution
Make wars
Coin money
Federalism
A centeral feature of the american political system
Expressed
Powers that are directly stated in the constitution
27 terms
US Government: Federalism Quiz
federalism
implied powers
inherent powers
police power
a system of government that divides power between state and n…
logical extensions of expressed powers; where we get necessar…
historically recognized as naturally belonging to the central…
given the responsibility of regulating the health, safety, mo…
federalism
a system of government that divides power between state and n…
implied powers
logical extensions of expressed powers; where we get necessar…
44 terms
AP US Government: Federalism
How is power divided between the Feder…
The ________ divides power in the Fede…
The Framers believed government power…
What can influence national policies a…
Exclusive powers, Reserved powers, and concurrent powers.
Constitution
Divided; Limited
successful state programs (welfare reform)
How is power divided between the Feder…
Exclusive powers, Reserved powers, and concurrent powers.
The ________ divides power in the Fede…
Constitution
42 terms
Us government Federalism test
true
false they are reasonably implied
true
false they are inherent to Nat. Gov.
interstate compacts are agreements among states (T /F)
constitution states all implied powers of the Nat. Gov.(T /F)
concurrent powers are specifically mentioned in constitution…
delegated powers = granted to both to Nat. and state Gov. (T…
true
interstate compacts are agreements among states (T /F)
false they are reasonably implied
constitution states all implied powers of the Nat. Gov.(T /F)
us government federalism
popular soverenigty
federalism
limited government
judicial review
rule by the people
power is divided and shared between the nation and the states…
our government was designed to preserve individual liberty an…
when the supreme court reviews a legislative act
popular soverenigty
rule by the people
federalism
power is divided and shared between the nation and the states…
44 terms
Principles of US Government and Federalism
6 Principles of Government
Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
1. separation of powers... 2. checks and balances... 3. limited gov…
- central government too weak... - no way for nat. government to…
different tasks assigned to different people
makes sure 1 branch doesn't get too powerful
6 Principles of Government
1. separation of powers... 2. checks and balances... 3. limited gov…
Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation
- central government too weak... - no way for nat. government to…
14 terms
Federalism and the US Government
Federalism
Delegated powers
Implied Powers
Inherent Powers
Dividing powers among national and state governments; powers…
Expressed powers; those that are written in the Constitution
Reasonably inferred from the Constitution through the Elastic…
Do not rely on specific clauses of the Constitution; usually…
Federalism
Dividing powers among national and state governments; powers…
Delegated powers
Expressed powers; those that are written in the Constitution
22 terms
Federalism US Government
Federalism
Example of Federalism
Division of Powers
How does the Constitution provide for…
System of government in which a written constitution divides…
American system of government which is set out in the Constit…
Division between the National Government and governments of 5…
By assigning powers to National government and reserving othe…
Federalism
System of government in which a written constitution divides…
Example of Federalism
American system of government which is set out in the Constit…
20 terms
TURK CI US FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TERMS
6 Principles of the Constitution
Federalism
Delegated Powers
Reserved Powers
Limited Government, Separation of Powers, Checks and Balances…
Division of Power between the Federal Government and the Stat…
Powers of the National Government
Powers of the State Government
6 Principles of the Constitution
Limited Government, Separation of Powers, Checks and Balances…
Federalism
Division of Power between the Federal Government and the Stat…
19 terms
US Government chapter 4 Federalism
delegated powers
inherent powers
reserved powers
supremacy clause
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
powers saved for the states
constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution…
delegated powers
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
inherent powers
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
24 terms
Us government test federalism
Federalism
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
Enumerated powers
is a system of government in which a written constitution div…
government has only the power granted to it in the constitution
powers found directly(spelled out) in the constitution
Expressed powers
Federalism
is a system of government in which a written constitution div…
Delegated powers
government has only the power granted to it in the constitution
Federalism Test- US Government
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Reserved Powers
Powers the constitution grants to the national government, bo…
Powers the constitution grants to the national government, sp…
Powers for national government not specifically mentioned in…
Powers reserved for the states, 10th amendment. Powers not de…
Delegated Powers
Powers the constitution grants to the national government, bo…
Expressed Powers
Powers the constitution grants to the national government, sp…
27 terms
US Government: Federalism Quiz
federalism
implied powers
inherent powers
police power
a system of government that divides power between state and n…
logical extensions of expressed powers; where we get necessar…
historically recognized as naturally belonging to the central…
given the responsibility of regulating the health, safety, mo…
federalism
a system of government that divides power between state and n…
implied powers
logical extensions of expressed powers; where we get necessar…
39 terms
Chap 4 US Government federalism
a system of government in which a writ…
basic principle of federalism; the con…
those powers, expressed, implied, or i…
those delegated powers of the National…
federalism
division of powers
delegated powers
expressed powers
a system of government in which a writ…
federalism
basic principle of federalism; the con…
division of powers
85 terms
AP US Government Federal Courts
Parts to a court case
Syllabus
Main opinion
Concurring opinion
1. headline includes court term n which opinion as announced,…
summary added by the court for clarity, outlines facts and de…
official decision with explanation
An opinion that agrees with the majority in a Supreme Court r…
Parts to a court case
1. headline includes court term n which opinion as announced,…
Syllabus
summary added by the court for clarity, outlines facts and de…
Unit 3: US Federal Government
constitutions
Legislative Branch
Legislative check on other branches
senate
a plan that provides the rule of the government... purposes: def…
congress; 2 houses; 535 members; making laws is the primary f…
judicial: impeach judges, create lower federal courts, fix ju…
100 members; 2 senators per state serving 6 year terms; 1/3 o…
constitutions
a plan that provides the rule of the government... purposes: def…
Legislative Branch
congress; 2 houses; 535 members; making laws is the primary f…
63 terms
Us federal government study guide
What are the three branches of governm…
HOR: term?
HOR: # of members?
HOR: how is the # determined?
Judicial: interprets the laws... Executive: enforces the laws... Le…
2 years
435
It's based on the population of each state
What are the three branches of governm…
Judicial: interprets the laws... Executive: enforces the laws... Le…
HOR: term?
2 years
20 terms
US Federal Government chapter 1
all behavior has a purpose
institutions structure politics
all politics is collective action
political outcomes are the products of…
rationality principle
institution principle
collective action principle
policy principle
all behavior has a purpose
rationality principle
institutions structure politics
institution principle
21 terms
US - Political institutions & the federal government
Articles of confederation
popular sovereignty
filibuster
The separation of powers
The agreement made by the original 13 states in 1777 estabish…
(in the Pre-Civil War US) the doctrine that the inhabitants o…
obstraction of legislation with delaying tactics
political doctrine originating in the writings of Montesquieu…
Articles of confederation
The agreement made by the original 13 states in 1777 estabish…
popular sovereignty
(in the Pre-Civil War US) the doctrine that the inhabitants o…
25 terms
US Government Chapter 3: Federalism
Federalism
Unitary System
Federal System
Expressed Power... (Found in Article 1, S…
Division of powers and functions between the national governm…
The central government makes the important decisions, and low…
The central government shares power/or functions with lower l…
Specific powers granted by the Constitution to Congress and t…
Federalism
Division of powers and functions between the national governm…
Unitary System
The central government makes the important decisions, and low…
AP US Government Federal Courts
Parts to a court case
Syllabus
Main opinion
Concurring opinion
1. headline includes court term n which opinion as announced,…
summary added by the court for clarity, outlines facts and de…
official decision with explanation
An opinion that agrees with the majority in a Supreme Court r…
Parts to a court case
1. headline includes court term n which opinion as announced,…
Syllabus
summary added by the court for clarity, outlines facts and de…
29 terms
Chap 4 US Government federalism
a system of government in which a writ…
basic principle of federalism; the con…
those powers, expressed, implied, or i…
those delegated powers of the National…
federalism
division of powers
delegated powers
expressed powers
a system of government in which a writ…
federalism
basic principle of federalism; the con…
division of powers
39 terms
Chap 4 US Government federalism
a system of government in which a writ…
basic principle of federalism; the con…
those powers, expressed, implied, or i…
those delegated powers of the National…
federalism
division of powers
delegated powers
expressed powers
a system of government in which a writ…
federalism
basic principle of federalism; the con…
division of powers
35 terms
Federalism Vocabulary - AP US Government
federalism
unitary system
confederate system
federal system
the division of powers between state and national governments
a sovereign state governed as a single entity
a loose relationship among a number of smaller political units
a system of government in which power is divided between a ce…
federalism
the division of powers between state and national governments
unitary system
a sovereign state governed as a single entity
42 terms
AP US Government and Politics: Federalism
Federalism
Debate over constitution
Many favored a unitary government
____% of countries have a unitary gove…
Shared powers between national and state
Elite democrats favor moving power from states to the nationa…
on in which all was controlled by national government and moe…
90
Federalism
Shared powers between national and state
Debate over constitution
Elite democrats favor moving power from states to the nationa…
AP US Government- The Federal Courts
Standing to Sue
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Pecedent
the requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a…
The authority to hear cases for the first time
Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or a…
what happened before a case and how that impacted the current…
Standing to Sue
the requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a…
Original Jurisdiction
The authority to hear cases for the first time
15 terms
US Government Chapter 4: Federalism
Federalism
Supremacy Clause
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Divison of powers between national and state government.
States that the Constitution, federal laws, and treaties of t…
Assigns certain powers to the national government and reserve…
Powers delegated to the government in the Constitution.
Federalism
Divison of powers between national and state government.
Supremacy Clause
States that the Constitution, federal laws, and treaties of t…
Chap 4 US Government federalism
a system of government in which a writ…
basic principle of federalism; the con…
those powers, expressed, implied, or i…
those delegated powers of the National…
federalism
division of powers
delegated powers
expressed powers
a system of government in which a writ…
federalism
basic principle of federalism; the con…
division of powers
US Government: The Federal Court System
Inferior courts
Jurisdiction
Article III, Section 2 of the constitu…
Exclusive jurisdiction
the lower federal courts
is defined as the authority of a court to hear a case
1) the subject matter ... 2) the parties involved in the case
cases that can only be heard in federal courts
Inferior courts
the lower federal courts
Jurisdiction
is defined as the authority of a court to hear a case
13 terms
AP US Government - Federalism Vocabulary
federalism
"necessary and proper" clause
nullification
dual federalism
government authority shared by national and local governments
section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
the doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
federalism
government authority shared by national and local governments
"necessary and proper" clause
section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
38 terms
AP US Government Federalism Test
Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)
Article IV
Articles of Confederation
Block Grants
requires public companies to make facilities accessible to di…
prohibits states from unfairly discriminating against citizen…
first governing document of US - created a WEAK central gover…
Began in 1960's, for general purpose and flexibility - that's…
Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)
requires public companies to make facilities accessible to di…
Article IV
prohibits states from unfairly discriminating against citizen…
27 terms
Chapter 5: Federalism and the US Government
Federal
States
Federalism
Federal
____ powers are not listed in the Constitution or directly im…
All powers not listed in the Constitution are considered to b…
___ has shifted in meaning from a sharing of power between fe…
___ powers are limited by the separations of powers and check…
Federal
____ powers are not listed in the Constitution or directly im…
States
All powers not listed in the Constitution are considered to b…
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