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Study sets matching "usmle step"

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Study sets matching "usmle step"

427 terms
USMLE Step 2 Random
What other electrolyte should be check…
How does hypomagnesemia cause hypocalc…
Abscess located over the upper or lowe…
Chronic granulomatous inflammation of…
Mg
HypoMg induces resistance to PTH and decreases PTH secretion
Hordeolum
Chalazion
What other electrolyte should be check…
Mg
How does hypomagnesemia cause hypocalc…
HypoMg induces resistance to PTH and decreases PTH secretion
37 terms
USMLE Step 1 Clues
Causes of heart block
Low Compliment Bugs
Causes of Reiter's Syndrome
Drug induced Lupus
"LSD Loves Company"... Lyme disease... Shigella... Diptheria... Legionell…
"I AM HE"... Influenza... Adenovirus... Mycoplasma... Hep B, C... EBV
"Crohn and I Saw Yersinia and got Chlamydia"... Shigella... Yersi…
"HIPPPE"... Hydralazine... INH... Procainamide... Penicillamine... Phen…
Causes of heart block
"LSD Loves Company"... Lyme disease... Shigella... Diptheria... Legionell…
Low Compliment Bugs
"I AM HE"... Influenza... Adenovirus... Mycoplasma... Hep B, C... EBV
870 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
261 terms
USMLE Step 3 Gastroenterology
Dysphagia
Odynophagia
Clinical presentation for Achalasia
Diagnostic tests for Achalasia
Difficulty swallowing
Painful swallowing... - infectious process -- HIV, HSV, Candida,…
-young nonsmoker... -dysphagia with solids & liquids... -regurgitat…
Best initial: Barium swallow... Most accurate: Esophageal manome…
Dysphagia
Difficulty swallowing
Odynophagia
Painful swallowing... - infectious process -- HIV, HSV, Candida,…
272 terms
USMLE Step 2: Pediatrics
In what two circumstances should child…
What are the three main risk factors f…
What are some of the medical symptoms…
What are the biggest two findings on *…
When the history and the physical findings do not match up (e…
Alcoholism/Drug use... Mentally retarded/handicapped child... Rep…
Apnea... Seizures... Feeding intolerance... Excessive irritability... Som…
Poor hygiene... Behavioural abnormalities
In what two circumstances should child…
When the history and the physical findings do not match up (e…
What are the three main risk factors f…
Alcoholism/Drug use... Mentally retarded/handicapped child... Rep…
114 terms
USMLE STEP 1 - Nutrition
A... D... E... K
B1 (Thiamine, TPP)... B2... B3... B5... B6... B12... C (…
B12... Folate... Stored in liver
Dermatitis... Glossitis... Diarrhea
Fat soluble vitamins?
Water soluble vitamins?
What water soluble vitamins do not wash out easily from the b…
B-complex deficiencies: result in what?
A... D... E... K
Fat soluble vitamins?
B1 (Thiamine, TPP)... B2... B3... B5... B6... B12... C (…
Water soluble vitamins?
41 terms
USMLE Step 1 Antiarrhythmics
Class IA drugs
Class IA mechanism
Class IA use
Drugs used in WPW
Quinidine, Procainamide, Disopyramide
- INCR AP duration... - INCR effective refractory period... - INCR…
- Atrial and ventricular arrhythmias
Procainamide and Amiodarone
Class IA drugs
Quinidine, Procainamide, Disopyramide
Class IA mechanism
- INCR AP duration... - INCR effective refractory period... - INCR…
870 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
275 terms
USMLE Step 2: Obstetrics
Define Gravidity
Define Parity
Define developmental age
Define gestational age
The number of times a woman has been pregnant
The number of times a pregnancy has led to a birth beyond 20…
Time since fertilization, in weeks and days. Usually unknown
Time since LMP
Define Gravidity
The number of times a woman has been pregnant
Define Parity
The number of times a pregnancy has led to a birth beyond 20…
870 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
38 terms
USMLE step 1 - endocrine
Turner's syndrome hormonal abnormalities
absence of C peptide in hypoglycemia
how do glocucorticoids help maintain BP?
how do glucocorticoids contribute to o…
inc LH and FSH, dec estrogen
exogenous insulin administration
upregulation of alpha1 receptors
inhibit differentiation of osteoblasts
Turner's syndrome hormonal abnormalities
inc LH and FSH, dec estrogen
absence of C peptide in hypoglycemia
exogenous insulin administration
353 terms
USMLE Step 2: Neurology
What are the four functions of Cranial…
What are the three main functions of t…
What are the functions of the facial n…
The glossopharyngeal nerve supplies ta…
Oculomotor Nerve:... Eye movement (Sup. Inf. Med. Rectus + Inf.…
Mastication... Facial sensation... Intracranial sensation... Lacrimation
Facial movement... Front 2/3 taste... Lacrimation... Salivation... Eyelid…
Sensation of oropharynx... Swallowing... Parotid gland (salivation)…
What are the four functions of Cranial…
Oculomotor Nerve:... Eye movement (Sup. Inf. Med. Rectus + Inf.…
What are the three main functions of t…
Mastication... Facial sensation... Intracranial sensation... Lacrimation
690 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
Drugs that cause coronary vasospasm (3)
Drugs that cause cutaneous flushing (4)
Drugs that cause Torsades de pointes (6)
Drugs that cause adrenocortical insuff…
Cocaine, sumatriptan, ergot alkaloids
Vancomycin, Adenosine, Niacin, CCB (VANC)
Class III (e.g., sotalol) and class IA (e.g., quinidine) anti…
HPA suppression 2° to glucocorticoid withdrawal
Drugs that cause coronary vasospasm (3)
Cocaine, sumatriptan, ergot alkaloids
Drugs that cause cutaneous flushing (4)
Vancomycin, Adenosine, Niacin, CCB (VANC)
196 terms
USMLE Step 3 Cardiology
MCC of death in the USA
Risk factors for CAD are useful for 2…
When is family history a significant r…
List the risk factors:
Coronary artery disease (CAD)
1. Helping answer diagnostic questions in equivocal cases... 2.…
the family member must be young (female relatives < 65, male…
• Diabetes mellitus... • Hypertension... • Tobacco use... • Hyperlipid…
MCC of death in the USA
Coronary artery disease (CAD)
Risk factors for CAD are useful for 2…
1. Helping answer diagnostic questions in equivocal cases... 2.…
779 terms
USMLE Step 2 CK
Anabolic steroid
phencyclidine
Basal cell Ca
Bordetella Pertussis
aggression... androgen-stimulated erythropoiesis... decreased HDL
hallucination... agitation... midriasis... tachycardia & HTN (cocaine…
skin-colored nodule with ulcer... most common skin cancer
Macrolide (Azithromycin, Clarithromyci, Erythromycin)... Prophyl…
Anabolic steroid
aggression... androgen-stimulated erythropoiesis... decreased HDL
phencyclidine
hallucination... agitation... midriasis... tachycardia & HTN (cocaine…
203 terms
Step 2 Usmle Psych
Panic Disorder - Dx and Comorbidities…
Amphetamine vs Anticholinergic Overdos…
Manic Episode Dx ?4 Comorbidities ?
Acute Stress Disorder vs Adjustment Di…
- Dx ... - Recurrent and Unexpected symptoms - palpitations , di…
- Similar Symptoms - mydriasis , delirium , tachycardia ... - An…
- BIPOLAR 1 =MC in Rich People Disease ( Howard Hughes), *…
*1. ASD - > 2 days but < 1 month vs 2. PTSD - symptoms > 1 mo…
Panic Disorder - Dx and Comorbidities…
- Dx ... - Recurrent and Unexpected symptoms - palpitations , di…
Amphetamine vs Anticholinergic Overdos…
- Similar Symptoms - mydriasis , delirium , tachycardia ... - An…
87 terms
USMLE step 1 - CV
stable angina with ST depression
unstable angina with ST depression
angina at rest with ST elevation
coronary steal syndrome
atherosclerosis (thin fibrous plaque)
thrombosis without necrosis
Prinzmetal\'s angina: coronary artery spasm due to endothelia…
vasodilator aggravates coronary ischemia by shunting blood fr…
stable angina with ST depression
atherosclerosis (thin fibrous plaque)
unstable angina with ST depression
thrombosis without necrosis
236 terms
Immunology (USMLE Step 1)
Lymph node anatomy
Cytotoxic T cell response - from virus…
Lymph drainage
Peyer's patches
- derived from mesenchymal cells... - follicles: B cell pro…
- extreme cellular immune response (immunoCOMPETENT people)…
- Thoracic duct drains @ junction of left subclavian trunk +…
- Un-encapsulated lymphoid tissue... - *lamina propria / submuc…
Lymph node anatomy
- derived from mesenchymal cells... - follicles: B cell pro…
Cytotoxic T cell response - from virus…
- extreme cellular immune response (immunoCOMPETENT people)…
49 terms
USMLE step 1 - reproductive
causes of elevated alpha-fetoprotein
causes of decreased alpha-fetoprotein
ovary epithelium type
fallopian tube epithelium type
multiples... abdominal wall defects... neural tube defects... hepatoce…
Down syndrome... Edwards' syndrome
simple suboidal
simple columnar, ciliated
causes of elevated alpha-fetoprotein
multiples... abdominal wall defects... neural tube defects... hepatoce…
causes of decreased alpha-fetoprotein
Down syndrome... Edwards' syndrome
184 terms
Dermatology USMLE Step 2
Non-bullous Impetigo
Hepers Zoster syndromes
Varicella (Chicken Pox)
Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
staph aureus or A beta-hemolytic strep... Vesicles → rupture → *…
Ophthalmic branch: Lesion on tip of the nose (Hutchinson's si…
"Dewdrop on rose petal"... Lesions of different stages present…
Affects 30-100% of skin surface... *Targetoid lesions/bullae w/…
Non-bullous Impetigo
staph aureus or A beta-hemolytic strep... Vesicles → rupture → *…
Hepers Zoster syndromes
Ophthalmic branch: Lesion on tip of the nose (Hutchinson's si…
311 terms
USMLE Step 2: Gynecology
At what age does breast development (T…
At what age does first period (Menarch…
Which phase of the ovarian cycle is ty…
How long does the follicular phase usu…
8-11
10-16
Follicular phase
13 days
At what age does breast development (T…
8-11
At what age does first period (Menarch…
10-16
86 terms
USMLE Step 3 Nephrology
Prerenal azotemia will have the follow…
Mechanism of Elevation of BUN in Prere…
Rx of prerenal azotemia
Postrenal Azotemia (Obstructive Uropat…
·· BUN to creatinine ratio of > 15:1 and often > 20:1... ·· Urin…
Low volume status increases ADH. ADH increases urea absorptio…
is entirely based on the underlying cause.
- will give an elevated BUN-to-creatinine ratio of > 15:1,... si…
Prerenal azotemia will have the follow…
·· BUN to creatinine ratio of > 15:1 and often > 20:1... ·· Urin…
Mechanism of Elevation of BUN in Prere…
Low volume status increases ADH. ADH increases urea absorptio…
870 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
342 terms
USMLE Step 2 CK
Adolescent male athlete with pain and…
Lymphatic malignancy associated with l…
Patient with fever and neutropenia. Wh…
Child with loss of hair on scalp. Scal…
Osgood-Schlatter
Lymphangiosarcoma
Febrile neutropenia. Usually due to Pseudomonas. Tx: empiric…
Tinea capitis. Dx with KOH examination. Tx with Griseogulvin…
Adolescent male athlete with pain and…
Osgood-Schlatter
Lymphatic malignancy associated with l…
Lymphangiosarcoma
411 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Neurology
The notochord induces what to differen…
Neural plate then gives rise to?
Notochord becomes what?
Alar Plate
Induces overlying ECTODERM to differentiate into NEUROECTODER…
Neural tube and neural crest cells
Nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disks in adults
Dorsal [Sensory]... Same orientation as spinal cord
The notochord induces what to differen…
Induces overlying ECTODERM to differentiate into NEUROECTODER…
Neural plate then gives rise to?
Neural tube and neural crest cells
93 terms
USMLE Step 1 Immunology
1st and 2nd pharyngeal pouch
3rd and 4th pharyngeal pouch
acute graft rejection
hypersensitivity myocarditis
middle ear and auditory tube, supratonsillar fossa
thymus and inferior parathyroid gland, superior parathyroid a…
dense interstitial lymphocytic infiltrate.
perivascular infiltrate with abundant eosinophils. Believed t…
1st and 2nd pharyngeal pouch
middle ear and auditory tube, supratonsillar fossa
3rd and 4th pharyngeal pouch
thymus and inferior parathyroid gland, superior parathyroid a…
406 terms
Step 2 - USMLE WORLD
Adult splenectomy what vaccines
Diagnosis of intraamniotic infection
When are corticosteroids given
What is given to a baby with hypernatr…
YOu need to give meningococcal, PCV 13 HIB ... But you wantt o g…
RF is prolonged rupture of meembranes ... infecitons are often p…
to an infant at < 34 weeks
0.9 Saline for fluid resuscitation the sodium should be slowl…
Adult splenectomy what vaccines
YOu need to give meningococcal, PCV 13 HIB ... But you wantt o g…
Diagnosis of intraamniotic infection
RF is prolonged rupture of meembranes ... infecitons are often p…
248 terms
USMLE Step 2 CV
Which part of ECG represents AV node c…
How long should P-R interval be
What things can cause QT prolongation
Which arrhythmia syndrome has shorter…
P-R interval
3-5 small squares (120-200 msec)
- HypoK, HypoCa, HypoMg... - TCA Overdose!!!... - Type Ia: Quinidin…
Wolffe-Parkinson-White syndrome
Which part of ECG represents AV node c…
P-R interval
How long should P-R interval be
3-5 small squares (120-200 msec)
38 terms
USMLE step 1 - mnemonics
causes of cardiac tamponade
causes of dilated cardiomyopathy
causes of microcytic hypochromic anemia
causes of acute pancreatitis
heART CUPS... aortic dissection (retrograde/Stanford type 1)... ru…
PumP DIET... pregnancy... post-viral... doxorubicin (irreversible)... id…
CLITS... chronic disease (late)... lead poisoning... iron deficiency…
GET SMASHED... gall stones... EtOH... trauma... steroids... mumps... autoimmun…
causes of cardiac tamponade
heART CUPS... aortic dissection (retrograde/Stanford type 1)... ru…
causes of dilated cardiomyopathy
PumP DIET... pregnancy... post-viral... doxorubicin (irreversible)... id…
251 terms
USMLE Step 2: Musculoskeletal
What type of shoulder dislocation is m…
What nerve is most at risk in anterior…
How will a patient usually hold their…
What nerve is most at risk with anteri…
Anterior... (posterior quite rare. Usually only assoc. with ele…
Axillary nerve
Abduction and externally rotated... (opposite of posterior, whe…
Obturator
What type of shoulder dislocation is m…
Anterior... (posterior quite rare. Usually only assoc. with ele…
What nerve is most at risk in anterior…
Axillary nerve
171 terms
USMLE Step 1 Pharmacology
Baclofen
Omeprazole/Lansoprazole
Finasteride
Amantadine
GABA-B receptor agonist. ... Tmt: spasticity secondary to brain…
Proton pump inhibitors ... Block gastric acid secretion from…
5-alpha-reductase inhibitor (decrease conversion of testoster…
Antiviral influenza agent w/ dopaminergic and anticholinergic…
Baclofen
GABA-B receptor agonist. ... Tmt: spasticity secondary to brain…
Omeprazole/Lansoprazole
Proton pump inhibitors ... Block gastric acid secretion from…
870 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
30 terms
USMLE step 1 - respiratory
causes of ARDS
what is the result of hyaline membrane…
what are the mediators in damage in AR…
obstructive lung disease spirometry re…
aspiration... acute pancreatitis... amniotic fluid embolism... sepsis…
decreased perfusion, decreased compliance
neutrophilic inflammation and ROS... coagulation cascade
inc TLC... inc RV... dec FVC... dec FEV1 even more than FVC... dec FEV1/FVC
causes of ARDS
aspiration... acute pancreatitis... amniotic fluid embolism... sepsis…
what is the result of hyaline membrane…
decreased perfusion, decreased compliance
141 terms
USMLE Step 3 Rheum
RA Extra-articular manifestations
RA is defined as having 4 or more of t…
RA Dx
Felty Syndome
Nerves - C1/C2 subluation (arm paresthesias + hyperreflexia);…
·· Morning stiffness lasting more than 1 hour... ·· Wrist and fi…
with a constellation of physical findings,... joint problems, an…
• Rheumatoid arthritis... • Splenomegaly... • Neutropenia
RA Extra-articular manifestations
Nerves - C1/C2 subluation (arm paresthesias + hyperreflexia);…
RA is defined as having 4 or more of t…
·· Morning stiffness lasting more than 1 hour... ·· Wrist and fi…
483 terms
USMLE Step 3 Review
Tx of IBS
CCS, What test should you order for IBS?
Umbilical hernia in newborns is associ…
What three metabolic conditions do mos…
Best initial therapy: Fiber... If fiber fails: Antispasmodic/…
1. Stool: stool guiac, leukocytes, cultures, ova & parasites.…
Congenital hypothyroidism ... Screen with TSH (you should scree…
1. Phenylketonuria ... 2. Galactosemia ... 3. Hypothyroidism
Tx of IBS
Best initial therapy: Fiber... If fiber fails: Antispasmodic/…
CCS, What test should you order for IBS?
1. Stool: stool guiac, leukocytes, cultures, ova & parasites.…
202 terms
USMLE Step 1 Cardiovascular
Heart Embryology: Truncus arteriosus
Heart Embryology: Bulbus cordis
Heart Embryology: Primitive atrium
Heart Embryology: Primitive ventricles
Ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk
Smooth parts [outflow tract] of left and right ventricles
Trabeculated parts of the left and right atria
Trabeculated part of left and right ventricles
Heart Embryology: Truncus arteriosus
Ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk
Heart Embryology: Bulbus cordis
Smooth parts [outflow tract] of left and right ventricles
14 terms
Anatomy USMLE Step 1
Anulus Fibrosis
Nucleus pulposus
Anterior Longitudinal Ligament
Posterior Longitudinal Ligament
Outer ring of Vertebral disk. Composed of fibrocartilage and…
Inner portion of vertebral disk, composed of a semigelatenous…
a ligament that courses from superior to inferior along the a…
a ligament that courses from superior to inferior along the p…
Anulus Fibrosis
Outer ring of Vertebral disk. Composed of fibrocartilage and…
Nucleus pulposus
Inner portion of vertebral disk, composed of a semigelatenous…
869 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
406 terms
Step 2 - USMLE WORLD
Adult splenectomy what vaccines
Diagnosis of intraamniotic infection
When are corticosteroids given
What is given to a baby with hypernatr…
You need to give meningococcal, PCV 13 HIB ... But you want to g…
RF is prolonged rupture of meembranes ... infecitons are often p…
to an infant at < 34 weeks
0.9 Saline for fluid resuscitation the sodium should be slowl…
Adult splenectomy what vaccines
You need to give meningococcal, PCV 13 HIB ... But you want to g…
Diagnosis of intraamniotic infection
RF is prolonged rupture of meembranes ... infecitons are often p…
1,048 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Microbiology
What is a special cellular component o…
What is the special component of bacte…
Where are the normal flora found? Cont…
Are there normal flora in the blood or…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
Peptidoglycan
Location:... - found on body surfaces contiguous with outside en…
No... Sterile environment
What is a special cellular component o…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
What is the special component of bacte…
Peptidoglycan
1,011 terms
Combine Usmle step 3
Clues to ischemic disease
PE findings for ischemic chest pain
MI: diagnostic testing: ... 1. first test…
Treatment for ACS:
dull pain... 15-30 minutes... occurs on exertion... substernal... radiate…
S3 (dilated LV)... S4 (hypertrophic LV)... holosystolic murmur (MR)…
1. EKG... 2. treat first... 3. ASA... 4. CK-MB, troponins, stress test…
Things that lower mortality: ... ASA-- instant platelet inhibito…
Clues to ischemic disease
dull pain... 15-30 minutes... occurs on exertion... substernal... radiate…
PE findings for ischemic chest pain
S3 (dilated LV)... S4 (hypertrophic LV)... holosystolic murmur (MR)…
1,011 terms
Combined Usmle step 3
Clues to ischemic disease
PE findings for ischemic chest pain
MI: diagnostic testing: ... 1. first test…
Treatment for ACS:
dull pain... 15-30 minutes... occurs on exertion... substernal... radiate…
S3 (dilated LV)... S4 (hypertrophic LV)... holosystolic murmur (MR)…
1. EKG... 2. treat first... 3. ASA... 4. CK-MB, troponins, stress test…
Things that lower mortality: ... ASA-- instant platelet inhibito…
Clues to ischemic disease
dull pain... 15-30 minutes... occurs on exertion... substernal... radiate…
PE findings for ischemic chest pain
S3 (dilated LV)... S4 (hypertrophic LV)... holosystolic murmur (MR)…
231 terms
USMLE Step 1
Heterophile ab NEGATIVE Mono-like synd…
Wernicke's Aphasia
Congenital Deficiency of Propionyl CoA…
Down Synd Comorbidities
*CMV... HHV-6... HIV... Toxoplasmosis
-word salad: well-articulated, nonsensical speech paired with…
-prevents conversion of propionyl CoA to methylmalonyl CoA... -p…
Neuro: MR, early onset Alzheimer's ... Cardio: complete AV septa…
Heterophile ab NEGATIVE Mono-like synd…
*CMV... HHV-6... HIV... Toxoplasmosis
Wernicke's Aphasia
-word salad: well-articulated, nonsensical speech paired with…
94 terms
USMLE Step 3 Pulmonology
Asthma and reactive airway disease... are…
FEV1/FVC < 0.7 usually indicates...
lung volumes review (image)
flow-volume loop patterns (image)
increase in the FEV1 of > 12 % OR FVC; and an increase > 200m…
Airway obstruction (DDx: astham, COPD, bronchoectasis)
Asthma and reactive airway disease... are…
increase in the FEV1 of > 12 % OR FVC; and an increase > 200m…
FEV1/FVC < 0.7 usually indicates...
Airway obstruction (DDx: astham, COPD, bronchoectasis)
61 terms
Immunology USMLE Step I
Sjogren's syndrome
T cell surface proteins
B cell surface proteins
Macrophage Cell surface protein
Classic Triad: Xerophthalmia (dryeyes, conjunctivitis, "sand…
TCR... CD3 - associated with TCR for signal transduction)... CD28 -…
Ig (binds antigen)... CD19, CD20, CD21 (receptor for EBV), CD40…
CD 14, CD40... MHC II, B7... Fc and C3b receptors (enhanced phagocy…
Sjogren's syndrome
Classic Triad: Xerophthalmia (dryeyes, conjunctivitis, "sand…
T cell surface proteins
TCR... CD3 - associated with TCR for signal transduction)... CD28 -…
259 terms
USMLE Step 3 Gastroenterology- SS
Clinical presentation for Achalasia
Diagnostic tests for Achalasia
Treatment for Achalasia
Mechanism for botulinum toxin
-young nonsmoker... -dysphagia with solids & liquids... -regurgitat…
Best initial: Barium swallow... Most accurate: Esophageal manome…
Best initial: surgical myotomy, or pneumatic dilation if surg…
Inhibits release of acetylcholine at NMJ -- inhibiting nicoti…
Clinical presentation for Achalasia
-young nonsmoker... -dysphagia with solids & liquids... -regurgitat…
Diagnostic tests for Achalasia
Best initial: Barium swallow... Most accurate: Esophageal manome…
76 terms
USMLE Step 3 Neurology
Definition of Stroke
transient loss of vision in one eye is…
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Symptoms of Anterior cerebral artery (…
- Strokes last for ≥ 24 hrs. ... - There will be permanent resid…
amaurosis fugax (This happens during a TIA because the 1st br…
- symptoms last < 24 hrs and resolve completely... - amaurosis f…
• Profound LE weakness (contralateral in the case of unilater…
Definition of Stroke
- Strokes last for ≥ 24 hrs. ... - There will be permanent resid…
transient loss of vision in one eye is…
amaurosis fugax (This happens during a TIA because the 1st br…
203 terms
Step 2 Usmle Psych
Panic Disorder - Dx and Comorbidities…
Amphetamine vs Anticholinergic Overdos…
Manic Episode Dx ?4 Comorbidities ?
Acute Stress Disorder vs Adjustment Di…
- Dx ... - Recurrent and Unexpected symptoms - palpitations , di…
- Similar Symptoms - mydriasis , delirium , tachycardia ... - An…
- BIPOLAR 1 =MC in Rich People Disease ( Howard Hughes), *…
*1. ASD - > 2 days but < 1 month vs 2. PTSD - symptoms > 1 mo…
Panic Disorder - Dx and Comorbidities…
- Dx ... - Recurrent and Unexpected symptoms - palpitations , di…
Amphetamine vs Anticholinergic Overdos…
- Similar Symptoms - mydriasis , delirium , tachycardia ... - An…
37 terms
USMLE Step 1 Clues
Causes of heart block
Low Compliment Bugs
Causes of Reiter's Syndrome
Drug induced Lupus
"LSD Loves Company"... Lyme disease... Shigella... Diptheria... Legio…
"I AM HE"... Influenza... Adenovirus... Mycoplasma... Hep B, C... EBV
"Crohn and I Saw Yersinia and got Chlamydia"... Shigella... Yer…
"HIPPPE"... Hydralazine... INH... Procainamide... Penicillamine…
Causes of heart block
"LSD Loves Company"... Lyme disease... Shigella... Diptheria... Legio…
Low Compliment Bugs
"I AM HE"... Influenza... Adenovirus... Mycoplasma... Hep B, C... EBV
33 terms
USMLE world step 3
MCC of secondary HTN in adolescents
MCC of secondary HTN in seniors
PE findings for severe AS
#1 complication of compartment syndrome
Renal parenchymal dz, coarctation of the aorta
Renal artery stenosis, renal failure
Loud late-peaking systolic murmur... Soft single S2... Delayed dimi…
AKI
MCC of secondary HTN in adolescents
Renal parenchymal dz, coarctation of the aorta
MCC of secondary HTN in seniors
Renal artery stenosis, renal failure
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