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Study sets matching "vascular plants acquisition transport"

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Study sets matching "vascular plants acquisition transport"

25 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Resources
Transport through:
Proton Pump
Cotransport Protein
Water, minerals, gases
Diffusion, active transport, and bulk flow
generate a membrane potential (H+ gradient)... ATP driven
-bring in NO3- into the cell against the concentration gradie…
Resources
Water, minerals, gases
Transport through:
Diffusion, active transport, and bulk flow
11 terms
Resource acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Phyllotaxy
Mycorrhize
Transports water and minerals from roots to shoots.
Transports products of photosynthesis from where they are mad…
The arrangement of leaves on a stem.
Mutualistic associations between roots and fungi
Xylem
Transports water and minerals from roots to shoots.
Phloem
Transports products of photosynthesis from where they are mad…
28 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
xylem
phloem
mycorrhizae
apoplastic
vascular plant tissue consisting mainly of tubular dead cells…
vascular plant tissue consisting of living cells arranged int…
a symbiotic relationship of plant roots and fungus; increase…
materials travel between cells
xylem
vascular plant tissue consisting mainly of tubular dead cells…
phloem
vascular plant tissue consisting of living cells arranged int…
33 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
xylem
phloem
phyllotaxy
mycorrhizae
vascular plant tissue consisting mainly of tubular dead cells…
vascular plant tissue consisting of living cells arranged int…
the pattern of leaf attachment to the stem of a plant
a mutualistic association of plant roots and fungus
xylem
vascular plant tissue consisting mainly of tubular dead cells…
phloem
vascular plant tissue consisting of living cells arranged int…
16 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
endodermis
Casparian strip
symplastic route
apoplastic route
the innermost layer of cells in the root cortex - functions a…
minerals that reach the endodermis via the apopplast encounte…
through the cell wall that surrounds the cells
through the cells, through the plasma membrane, through the a…
endodermis
the innermost layer of cells in the root cortex - functions a…
Casparian strip
minerals that reach the endodermis via the apopplast encounte…
11 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Endodermis
Casparian strip
Xylem sap
Transpiration
the innermost layer of cells in the root cortex that function…
a belt made of a waxy material impervious to water and dissol…
the water and dissolved minerals in the xylem; transported by…
the loss of water vapor from leaves and other aerial parts of…
Endodermis
the innermost layer of cells in the root cortex that function…
Casparian strip
a belt made of a waxy material impervious to water and dissol…
24 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
adaptations that aid in the acquisitio…
Xylem
Phloem
Phyllotaxy
water, minerals, carbon dioxide, light
transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
transports photosynthetic products from sources to sinks
the arrangement of leaves on a stem is a species-specific tra…
adaptations that aid in the acquisitio…
water, minerals, carbon dioxide, light
Xylem
transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
25 terms
Resource Acquisition & Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Phyllotaxy
Leaf Area Index
Transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
Products of photosynthesis to places where its needed
Arrangement of leaves on a stem
Ratio between total upper leaf surface of a plant to the surf…
Xylem
Transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
Phloem
Products of photosynthesis to places where its needed
39 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Cotransport
Water Potential
Aquaprins
Bulk Flow
The coupling of the steep gradient of one solute with a solut…
Water moves from high to low
Transport proteins in the plant plasma membrane specifically…
Movement of liquid in response to a pressure gradient, always…
Cotransport
The coupling of the steep gradient of one solute with a solut…
Water Potential
Water moves from high to low
9 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Endodermis
Casparian strip
Xylem sap
Transpiration
the innermost layer of cells in the root cortex that function…
a belt made of a waxy material impervious to water and dissol…
the water and dissolved minerals in the xylem
the loss of water vapor from leaves and other aerial parts of…
Endodermis
the innermost layer of cells in the root cortex that function…
Casparian strip
a belt made of a waxy material impervious to water and dissol…
49 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
where do shoots acquire sunlight and c…
where do roots acquire minerals and wa…
where did agal ancestors of land plant…
the earliest land plants grew...
above ground
below ground
they absorbed water, minerals, and carbon dioxide from the wa…
photosynthetic shoots above shallow fresh water... - waxy cuticl…
where do shoots acquire sunlight and c…
above ground
where do roots acquire minerals and wa…
below ground
33 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
What are the proteins that assist in t…
What a common co-transporter ion in th…
__________ serve as conduits for water…
There is generally a positive correlat…
aquaporins
hydrogen ions
stems
water, leaf
What are the proteins that assist in t…
aquaporins
What a common co-transporter ion in th…
hydrogen ions
66 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
What is the major function of green pl…
What is needed for photosynthesis?
3 Basic Transport Mechanisms
Two Major Transport Vessels
photosynthesis, mainly in the stem
water and minerals from the root system... carbon dioxide and en…
diffusion (high to low)... active transport (energy needed- ATP)…
Xylem- water and minerals (transpiration)... Phloem- sugar and o…
What is the major function of green pl…
photosynthesis, mainly in the stem
What is needed for photosynthesis?
water and minerals from the root system... carbon dioxide and en…
57 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transportation in Vascular Plants
Plants live in 2 very different enviro…
Humans transport substances by...
Transpiration
Water and Minerals Movement
1. Above Ground- CO2 and light... 2. Below Ground- water and min…
circulatory system
-physiological process that creates driving force to pull wat…
-absorbed by roots... -transported by xylem
Plants live in 2 very different enviro…
1. Above Ground- CO2 and light... 2. Below Ground- water and min…
Humans transport substances by...
circulatory system
26 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular plant
phylotaxy
mycorrhizae
apoplast
symplast
arrangement of a plant's leaves
mutualitistic association between roots and fungi
everything external to the plasma membranes of living cells a…
made of the entire ,ass of cytosol of all the living cells in…
phylotaxy
arrangement of a plant's leaves
mycorrhizae
mutualitistic association between roots and fungi
40 terms
Vascular Plant Transport and Resource Acquisition
xylem
phloem
lengths and branching patterns of stems
phyllotaxy
vascular tissue that transports water and minerals from roots…
vascular tissue that transports products of photosynthesis fr…
two architectural features affecting light capture
arrangement of leaves on a stem
xylem
vascular tissue that transports water and minerals from roots…
phloem
vascular tissue that transports products of photosynthesis fr…
40 terms
Ch. 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
turgor pressure
protoplast
water potential equation
two major compartments of plant tissues
pressure that maintains stiffness of plant, due to pressure f…
the living part of the plant cell, including the plasma membr…
apoplast and symplast
turgor pressure
pressure that maintains stiffness of plant, due to pressure f…
protoplast
the living part of the plant cell, including the plasma membr…
22 terms
Ch 36 - Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
phyllotaxy
alternate/spiral phyllotaxy
opposite phyllotaxy
whorled phyllotaxy
the arrangement of leaves on a stem, determined by the apical…
one leaf per node
two leaves per node
more than two leaves per node
phyllotaxy
the arrangement of leaves on a stem, determined by the apical…
alternate/spiral phyllotaxy
one leaf per node
31 terms
Chapter 36 Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Phyllotaxy
mycorrhizae
Transports water/minerals from roots to shoots
Transports products of photosynthesis from where they are mad…
arrangement of leaves on a stem, an architectural feature imp…
symbiotic relationships that form between fungi and plants. T…
Xylem
Transports water/minerals from roots to shoots
Phloem
Transports products of photosynthesis from where they are mad…
13 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Bulk flow
osmosis
root pressure (pushing force)
transpirational pull (pulling force)
the movement of a fluid due to a difference in pressure betwe…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane f…
The upward push of water within the stele of vascular plants;…
The movement of water out of the leaf "pulls" water upward th…
Bulk flow
the movement of a fluid due to a difference in pressure betwe…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane f…
28 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Stems
Phyllotaxy
Alternate leaves
Opposite leaves
serve as conduits for water and nutrients and as supporting s…
Arrangement of leaves on a stem
one leaf per node
two leaves per node
Stems
serve as conduits for water and nutrients and as supporting s…
Phyllotaxy
Arrangement of leaves on a stem
36 terms
Ch.36 Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Phyllotaxy
Mycorrhizae
Transport Proteins
Proton Pumps
The arrangement of leaves on a stem
The very specialized mutualistic associations between roots a…
A transmembrane protein that helps a certain substance or cla…
Membrane proteins that use energy from ATP to pump protons ou…
Phyllotaxy
The arrangement of leaves on a stem
Mycorrhizae
The very specialized mutualistic associations between roots a…
29 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Phyllotaxy
Canopy
Mycorrhizae
Apoplast
The arrangement of leaves on a stem, is species-species speci…
The leafy portion of all the plants in a community, affects t…
The symbiotic relationship between plants and fungi
A major pathway in plants that consists of everything externa…
Phyllotaxy
The arrangement of leaves on a stem, is species-species speci…
Canopy
The leafy portion of all the plants in a community, affects t…
117 terms
Resource Acquisition, Nutrition, and Transport in Vascular Plants
land plants
vascular tissue
xylem
phloem
-land plants typically inhabit two world: above ground, where…
-evolution of vascular tissue consisting of xylem and phloem…
-xylem transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
-phloem transports products of photosynthesis from where they…
land plants
-land plants typically inhabit two world: above ground, where…
vascular tissue
-evolution of vascular tissue consisting of xylem and phloem…
23 terms
Chapter 36: Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
- plants being able to grow vascular t…
- apoplast... - symplast
- everything outside the cell ... - cell…
plasmodesma - a channel that connects…
Ecological Evolution
Plants have two major compartments:
apoplast
symplast
- plants being able to grow vascular t…
Ecological Evolution
- apoplast... - symplast
Plants have two major compartments:
55 terms
Ch 36 Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
what moves the water up a plant (name…
what moves the sugars from photosynthe…
Land plants inhabit two worlds-- above…
what happened when plants evolved
transpiration
translocation
shoot; sunlight; carbon dioxide; roots; water; minerals
there was competition for light, water, and nutrients which c…
what moves the water up a plant (name…
transpiration
what moves the sugars from photosynthe…
translocation
26 terms
EXAM 2 Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular plants
Transpiration
How do water and minerals get to the e…
Apoplectic Route
Symplastic Route
a case of evaporation, evaporation of water from plants throu…
Apoplectic, Symplastic, Diffusion
The water and minerals move around the cells and extracellula…
Minerals and water that cross the plasma membranes.
Transpiration
a case of evaporation, evaporation of water from plants throu…
How do water and minerals get to the e…
Apoplectic, Symplastic, Diffusion
34 terms
Chapter 36 - Resource Acquisition & Transport in Vascular Plants
Diffusion & active transport are all e…
Bulk flow
Phyllotaxy
Leaf area index
Short distance transfer of water, minerals, sugar
Long distance transport
Arrangement of leaves on a stem... -specific to each species
Ratio of upper leaf surface of a plant / surface area of land…
Diffusion & active transport are all e…
Short distance transfer of water, minerals, sugar
Bulk flow
Long distance transport
92 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
When water and ions are absorbed into…
When water and ions are absorbed into…
When water and ions are absorbed in th…
where do the endodermis cells transpor…
moving between cells along cell walls
moving from cell to cell through plasmodesmota
the casparian strip
into the xylem of the root
When water and ions are absorbed into…
moving between cells along cell walls
When water and ions are absorbed into…
moving from cell to cell through plasmodesmota
23 terms
Ch. 36 - Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Phyllotaxy
Mycorrhizae
Selective Permeability
Transport Proteins
the arrangement of leaves on a stem, is specific to each spec…
the symbiotic association between roots and the hyphae of soi…
regulates the movement of substances into and out of the cell…
embedded in the cell membrane, most solutes pass through thes…
Phyllotaxy
the arrangement of leaves on a stem, is specific to each spec…
Mycorrhizae
the symbiotic association between roots and the hyphae of soi…
16 terms
Day 4 - Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem and Phloem: What did the evoluti…
Mutualistic Relations: MYCORRHIZAE
Two Major Transport Pathways Through P…
3 Transport Routes for WATER and SOLUT…
LONG-DISTANCE TRANSPORT of water/minerals (Xylem - roots to s…
MYCORRHIZAE: the mutualistic associations between ROOTS and t…
- Apoplast and Symplast are pathways through which things mov…
3 transport routes for water and solutes:... - APOPLASTIC Route…
Xylem and Phloem: What did the evoluti…
LONG-DISTANCE TRANSPORT of water/minerals (Xylem - roots to s…
Mutualistic Relations: MYCORRHIZAE
MYCORRHIZAE: the mutualistic associations between ROOTS and t…
24 terms
Ch. 36 Resource acquisition and transport in vascular plants
What are the resources of vascular pla…
Short distance transport of resources
Long distance transport of resources
Active transport and cotransport
H2O and minerals, O2 and CO2, energy and carbon
cell to cell: diffusion and active transport
throughout the individual: bulk flow
2 different membrane proteins, 1 proton pump to generate memb…
What are the resources of vascular pla…
H2O and minerals, O2 and CO2, energy and carbon
Short distance transport of resources
cell to cell: diffusion and active transport
32 terms
Chapter 36: Resources Acquisition and Transport of Vascular Plants
Adaptations in each species represent...
Phyllotaxy
Roots and soil fungi form symbiotic as…
Selective permeability
compromises between enhancing photosynthesis and minimizing w…
the arrangement of leaves on a stem, is specific to each spec…
mycorrhizae
the movement of substances into and out of cells
Adaptations in each species represent...
compromises between enhancing photosynthesis and minimizing w…
Phyllotaxy
the arrangement of leaves on a stem, is specific to each spec…
29 terms
Resource Acquisition, Nutrition, and Transport in Vascular Plants (29)
Apoplast
Symplast
Apoplastic Route
Symplastic Route
Everything external to the plasma membrane of a plant cell, i…
In plants, the continuum of cytoplasm connected by plasmodesm…
Water and solutes (dissolved chemicals) move along the contin…
Water and solutes move along the continuum of cytosol. This r…
Apoplast
Everything external to the plasma membrane of a plant cell, i…
Symplast
In plants, the continuum of cytoplasm connected by plasmodesm…
38 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Phyllotaxy
Mycorrihizae
transport water and minerals from the roots
transport sugars
the arrangement of leaves on a stem to increase light capture
- mutualistic relationship between roots and fungi... - increase…
Xylem
transport water and minerals from the roots
Phloem
transport sugars
10 terms
Chapter 36--Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Casparian Strip
Circadian Rhythm
Endodermis
Flaccid
A water-impermeable ring of wax in the endodermal cells of pl…
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
Innermost layer of the cortex in plant roots; a cylinder one…
Limp. Lacking in stiffness or firmness, as in a plant cell in…
Casparian Strip
A water-impermeable ring of wax in the endodermal cells of pl…
Circadian Rhythm
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
38 terms
ch 36 - Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Stems
Leaves
transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
transports photosynthetic products from sources to sinks
-serve as conduits for water and nutrients... -supporting struct…
positive correlation between water availability and leaf size
Xylem
transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
Phloem
transports photosynthetic products from sources to sinks
21 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
phyllotaxy
self-pruning
apoplast
symplast
the arrangement of leaves on a stem
nonproductive leaves or branches undergo programmed cell deat…
consist of everything external to the plasma membranes of liv…
consists of the entire mass of cytosol of all the living cell…
phyllotaxy
the arrangement of leaves on a stem
self-pruning
nonproductive leaves or branches undergo programmed cell deat…
36 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Stems
Phyllotaxy
Soil
Taproot Systems
Conduits for water and nutrients;supporting structures for le…
Arrangement of leaves on stem; specific to each species
Resource mined by root systems
Anchor Plants; characteristic of most trees
Stems
Conduits for water and nutrients;supporting structures for le…
Phyllotaxy
Arrangement of leaves on stem; specific to each species
40 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
adhesion
apoplast
aquaporin
bulk flow
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
The movement of a fluid due to a difference in pressure betwe…
adhesion
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
apoplast
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
36 terms
Chapter 36: Resource acquisition and transport in vascular plants
Phyllotaxy
Mycorrhizae
Apoplast
Symplast
Architectural feature if immense importance in light capture
Evolution of mutualistic associations between roots and fungi
Consists of everything external to the plasma membranes of li…
Consists of the entire mass of cytosol of all the living cell…
Phyllotaxy
Architectural feature if immense importance in light capture
Mycorrhizae
Evolution of mutualistic associations between roots and fungi
28 terms
Ch 36 Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Vascular Plant Tissues
Apoplast
Symplast
Transmembrane Route
Plant tissues may be viewed as having major compartments - th…
Consists of everything external to the plasma membranes of li…
Consists of the entire mass of cytosol of all the living cell…
Water and solutes move out of one cell, across the cell wall,…
Vascular Plant Tissues
Plant tissues may be viewed as having major compartments - th…
Apoplast
Consists of everything external to the plasma membranes of li…
22 terms
Chapter 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
What is intense among land plants?
Adaptations to increase light capture
How do plants reduce self-shading?
Phyllotaxy
competition for light, water, and nutrients
avoidance of self-shading
1)minimization of phyllotaxy ... 2) decrease in leaf area index…
the arrangement of leaves on a stem - specific to each specie…
What is intense among land plants?
competition for light, water, and nutrients
Adaptations to increase light capture
avoidance of self-shading
30 terms
Chapter 36 Resource acquisition and transport in vascular plants
Resources
O2 and CO2
Energy and Carbon
Transport of resources
Water and minerals, O2 and CO2, Energy and carbon
gas exchange, O2 required by roots, CO2 given off in roots
Use light energy to make food, flow of sugar from source to s…
short distances diffusion and active transport
Resources
Water and minerals, O2 and CO2, Energy and carbon
O2 and CO2
gas exchange, O2 required by roots, CO2 given off in roots
31 terms
Chapter 36 Resource Acquisition and Vascular Transport in Plants
phyllotaxy
mycorrhizae
diffusion across a membrane is ____, w…
most solutes pass through ____ embedde…
the arrangement of leaves on a stem, is specific to each spec…
roots and the hyphae of soil fungi form symbiotic association…
passive... active
transport proteins
phyllotaxy
the arrangement of leaves on a stem, is specific to each spec…
mycorrhizae
roots and the hyphae of soil fungi form symbiotic association…
20 terms
Ch. 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
3 kinds of transport in plants
uptake and loss of water/solutes by in…
short distance transport from cell to…
long distance transport using xylem an…
1) uptake and loss of water/solutes by individual cells... 2) sh…
solutes move into plant cells via active transport (proton pu…
substances move from cell to cell through junctions called pl…
use of xylem and phloem... transport materials through the entir…
3 kinds of transport in plants
1) uptake and loss of water/solutes by individual cells... 2) sh…
uptake and loss of water/solutes by in…
solutes move into plant cells via active transport (proton pu…
Ch. 36: Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Resource acquisition in Leaves
Resource acquisition in Shoots
Resource acquisition in Roots
Phyllotaxy
- leaves take in CO2 and relase O2 via stomata... - sugars are p…
- water and minerals are transported from roots to shoots as…
Water and minerals in the soil are absorbed by roots... - roots…
the arrangement of leaves on a stem... - determined by the shoot…
Resource acquisition in Leaves
- leaves take in CO2 and relase O2 via stomata... - sugars are p…
Resource acquisition in Shoots
- water and minerals are transported from roots to shoots as…
45 terms
36 Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Phyllotaxy
Leaf area index
Self-pruning
Mycorrhizae
Arrangement of leaves on a stem; determined by shoot apical m…
Ratio of total upper leaf surface of a single plant or an ent…
Shading of lower leaves --> respire more than photosynthesize…
Mutualistic association of fungus and roots. Fungal hyphae pr…
Phyllotaxy
Arrangement of leaves on a stem; determined by shoot apical m…
Leaf area index
Ratio of total upper leaf surface of a single plant or an ent…
53 terms
Chapter 36 - Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Function of Shoot Structure
Phyllotaxy
Mycorrhizae
Self-pruning
facilitates light capture for photosynthesis
the arrangement of leaves on a stem... plays a role in light cap…
symbiotic relationships between plant roots and fungi... hyphae…
plants shed lower, non-photosynthetic leaves
Function of Shoot Structure
facilitates light capture for photosynthesis
Phyllotaxy
the arrangement of leaves on a stem... plays a role in light cap…
42 terms
Ch 36 Resource Acquisition and transport in vascular plants
Adaptations for acquiring resources we…
different mechanisms transport substan…
transport in vascular plants occurs in…
selectively permeable membranes
in the evolution of vascular plants
short or long distances
transport of water and solutes by individual cells... short dist…
plasma membran controls movement of solutes into and out of t…
Adaptations for acquiring resources we…
in the evolution of vascular plants
different mechanisms transport substan…
short or long distances
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