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Study sets matching "vascular plants bryophytes seedless"

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Study sets matching "vascular plants bryophytes seedless"

11 terms
Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
Marchantia antheridiophore
Marchantia archegoniophore
Moss antheridia
Moss archegonium
Hepatophyta (liverworts)
Hepatophyta (liverworts)
Bryophyta (mosses)
Bryophyta (mosses)
Marchantia antheridiophore
Hepatophyta (liverworts)
Marchantia archegoniophore
Hepatophyta (liverworts)
25 terms
Bryophytes/Seedless Vascular Plants
Bryophyta
Hepatophyta
Anthocerophyta
Rhizoids
phylum which includes mosses
phylum which includes liverworts
phylum which includes hornworts
filaments of one or more cells
Bryophyta
phylum which includes mosses
Hepatophyta
phylum which includes liverworts
17 terms
Bryophytes and Seedless vascular plants
Characteristics of land plants
Gametangia
Sporangia
Bryophytes
- a fatty cuticle that retards water loss developed on plant…
- gamete producing structure
- spore producing structures
- a photosynthetic, terrestrial, aquatic, or epiphytic, embry…
Characteristics of land plants
- a fatty cuticle that retards water loss developed on plant…
Gametangia
- gamete producing structure
10 terms
Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
Division Bryophyta
Plant structure (mosses)
Life cycle (mosses)
sportophyte stage
mosses... gametophyte is dominant stage... contains no vascular tis…
lack vascular tissue... cuticle but lack stomata... thallus (plant…
spores produced via meiosis... gametophyte produced via mitosis…
diploid
Division Bryophyta
mosses... gametophyte is dominant stage... contains no vascular tis…
Plant structure (mosses)
lack vascular tissue... cuticle but lack stomata... thallus (plant…
42 terms
Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
Which characters shared by members of…
The transition from an aquatic environ…
Bryophytes
Food-conducting cells present in some…
(ALL) A. chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and the carotenoids.... B…
cuticle
need water present to undergo sexual reproduction
leptoids.
Which characters shared by members of…
(ALL) A. chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and the carotenoids.... B…
The transition from an aquatic environ…
cuticle
102 terms
Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
What is meant by the "dominance" of a…
Which groups of plants developed vascu…
How did "dominance" of plant generatio…
What is vascular tissue?
A generation is more visually obvious, more independent, and…
Sphenophyta
Increasing dominance of the sporophyte generation
Xylem and phloem, facilitates movement of water and nutrients
What is meant by the "dominance" of a…
A generation is more visually obvious, more independent, and…
Which groups of plants developed vascu…
Sphenophyta
56 terms
Bryophytes & Seedless vascular plants
Bryophytes are
Bryophytes mostly live in
Their vegetative organs are
What things do Bryophytes lack?
the closest living relatives to early terrestrial plants. The…
damp environments and tundra, but also sometimes the desert.…
present in the haploid gametophyte stage. This includes the p…
True vascular tissue (leaves, stems, roots), stomata that can…
Bryophytes are
the closest living relatives to early terrestrial plants. The…
Bryophytes mostly live in
damp environments and tundra, but also sometimes the desert.…
14 terms
Bryophytes & seedless Vascular plants
Three main characteristics of land pla…
A bryophyte is a
The three phyla of bryophytes are
All bryophtes must have an external so…
1. A fatty cuticle that retards water loss... 2. Multicellular g…
photosynthetic, terrestrial, aquatic, epiphytic, embryo produ…
Liverworts, Hornworts, and moss
Water
Three main characteristics of land pla…
1. A fatty cuticle that retards water loss... 2. Multicellular g…
A bryophyte is a
photosynthetic, terrestrial, aquatic, epiphytic, embryo produ…
22 terms
Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
embryophytes
what are the closest living relatives…
sphagnum
primary, longest lived, largest, domin…
land plants
charophyte algae
peat moss: forms peat: source of fuel, global reservoir of ca…
haploid gametophyte phase... sporophyte phase is present only pa…
embryophytes
land plants
what are the closest living relatives…
charophyte algae
50 terms
Bryophyte and Seedless Vascular Plants
Characteristics of a Bryophyte
Thallus
Rhizoids
Excess glucose
small, non-vascular, and lack plant organs
main leaf like body
anchor the plant(like roots)
is used with the cell wall of cellulose, chlorophyll a and b,…
Characteristics of a Bryophyte
small, non-vascular, and lack plant organs
Thallus
main leaf like body
66 terms
Bryophytes/Seedless Vascular & Seed Plants
Plant Evolution
Structural, chemical, and reproductive…
Characteristics of plants
Characteristics of plants: structural…
Appeared on land about 475 million years ago.
1. Some characteristics of plants... 2. Plants as embryophytes... 3…
-multicellular eukaryotes that are photosynthetic autotrophs.…
-Developed structural specializations to extract the resource…
Plant Evolution
Appeared on land about 475 million years ago.
Structural, chemical, and reproductive…
1. Some characteristics of plants... 2. Plants as embryophytes... 3…
37 terms
Bryophytes (Nonvascular plants) and Seedless Vascular
What are the ancestral traits shared b…
What are the phylum that fall under "b…
What are the derived traits for land p…
What is the dominant generation for br…
1. Rings of cellulose-synthesizing proteins. The cells of bot…
1. Bryophyta- mosses... 2. Anthocerophyta- Hornworts... 3. Hepatoph…
1. Alternation of generations... 2. Produce embryos... 3. Apical me…
Gametophyte
What are the ancestral traits shared b…
1. Rings of cellulose-synthesizing proteins. The cells of bot…
What are the phylum that fall under "b…
1. Bryophyta- mosses... 2. Anthocerophyta- Hornworts... 3. Hepatoph…
16 terms
Bryophytes (Nonvascular plants) and Seedless Vascular Plants
What is the alteration of generations?
What are the three phyla that make up…
moss gametophyte?
moss sporophyte?
sexual reproductive life cycle in which plants alternate betw…
Bryophyta (mosses)... Hepatophyta (liverworts)... Anthocerophyta (h…
What is the alteration of generations?
sexual reproductive life cycle in which plants alternate betw…
What are the three phyla that make up…
Bryophyta (mosses)... Hepatophyta (liverworts)... Anthocerophyta (h…
35 terms
Plant Diversity I - Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
Chara
Isomorphic Generations
Heteromorphic generations
Bryophytes
AKA Stoneworts... Represent the modern descendants of green algae
Where the sporophyte and gametophyte are identical
sporophyte and gametophyte are different
Division Bryophyta... Division Anthocerophyta... Division Hepatophyta
Chara
AKA Stoneworts... Represent the modern descendants of green algae
Isomorphic Generations
Where the sporophyte and gametophyte are identical
plant diversity I: Bryophytes and seedless vascular plants
Bryophytes (nonvascular plants)
vascular seedless plants
vascular seed plants-exposed
vascular seed plants-enclosed
Ex: Moss, liverworts, hornworts... -Phylum Bryophyta... -Phylum Hep…
Ex: mosses, ferns, horsetail, wisk fern... -phylum lycophyta... -ph…
(gymnosperms)... "exposed/ naked seeds"... Ex: conifer, cycades, gi…
(angiosperms) ... (seed enclosed in hollow ovary in plant)... Ex: f…
Bryophytes (nonvascular plants)
Ex: Moss, liverworts, hornworts... -Phylum Bryophyta... -Phylum Hep…
vascular seedless plants
Ex: mosses, ferns, horsetail, wisk fern... -phylum lycophyta... -ph…
26 terms
Lab 15: Bryophytes & Seedless Vascular Plants
Phylum Bryophyta
Phylum Hepatophyta
Phylum Anthocerophyta
Phylum Lycophyta
(mosses) Generally small; multicellular plants; live on land…
(liverworts) gametophytic generation dominant; the stalk of t…
hornworts; lack vascular tissue; gametophytes look like liver…
club mosses; possess true roots, stems, and leaves. asexual r…
Phylum Bryophyta
(mosses) Generally small; multicellular plants; live on land…
Phylum Hepatophyta
(liverworts) gametophytic generation dominant; the stalk of t…
9 terms
Lab 15: Bryophytes & Seedless Vascular Plants
Phylum Bryophyta
Phylum Hepatophyta
Phylum Anthocerophyta
Phylum Lycophyta
(mosses) Generally small; multicellular plants; live on land…
(liverworts) gametophytic generation dominant; the stalk of t…
hornworts; lack vascular tissue; gametophytes look like liver…
club mosses; possess true roots, stems, and leaves. asexual r…
Phylum Bryophyta
(mosses) Generally small; multicellular plants; live on land…
Phylum Hepatophyta
(liverworts) gametophytic generation dominant; the stalk of t…
48 terms
Botany Test 3 - Bryophytes, Seedless Vascular Plants
bryophytes
cell division, oogamy, retained zygote…
sterile sexual gametangia, retention o…
antheridium
nonvascular plants (mosses, hornworts, and liverworts)
similarties between green algae and bryophytes (CORSA)
differences between green algae and bryophytes (SRMMMA)
produce multiple sperm
bryophytes
nonvascular plants (mosses, hornworts, and liverworts)
cell division, oogamy, retained zygote…
similarties between green algae and bryophytes (CORSA)
13 terms
Week 4: Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
Stomata
Haplodiplatonic Life Cycle
Sterile Jacket Layer
Bryophytes
Pores that can open and shut.
(Alteration of generations) Two generations in a life cycle,…
Surrounds and protects the reproductive structure.
(Mosses, Liverworts, and Hornworts) Live in moist environment…
Stomata
Pores that can open and shut.
Haplodiplatonic Life Cycle
(Alteration of generations) Two generations in a life cycle,…
Bio Plant definitions- bryophytes, ferns, seedless vascular
Charophytes
Homologous traits shared by plants and…
Key advantages for moving to lane
Shared derived traits of plants
green algae- are the closest relatives of land plants... - produ…
1. Rose-shaped complexes for cellulose synthesis (make cellul…
-unfiltered light... -abundance of CO2... -soil rich in nutrients... -…
1. Apical Meristems... 2. Altercation of Generations... 3. The spor…
Charophytes
green algae- are the closest relatives of land plants... - produ…
Homologous traits shared by plants and…
1. Rose-shaped complexes for cellulose synthesis (make cellul…
26 terms
Ch 29: Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
derived traits of land plants
bryophytes
Phylum Hepatophyta
Phylum Anthocerophyta
alt. of gen., multicellular embryos, walled spores produced o…
non-vascular plants
bryophyte phylum containing liverworts, GPT-dominant
bryophyte phylum containing hornworts, have horn-like SPTs
derived traits of land plants
alt. of gen., multicellular embryos, walled spores produced o…
bryophytes
non-vascular plants
10 terms
Diversity I- Bryophytes & Seedless Vascular Plants
Mosses Are Important Ecologically
Bryophyte Gametophytes
Two Different Life Cycles Co-Existing
An Important Note
Sphagnum, or "peat moss," forms extensive deposits of partial…
In all three bryophyte phyla, gametophytes are larger and lon…
Polytrichum commune, hairy-cap moss... Sporophyte (a sturdy plan…
Moss and hornwort sporophytes have stoma:... -A distinct feature…
Mosses Are Important Ecologically
Sphagnum, or "peat moss," forms extensive deposits of partial…
Bryophyte Gametophytes
In all three bryophyte phyla, gametophytes are larger and lon…
23 terms
Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants (Lab #7)
Bryophytes
Phytes Hepaticophyta
Thallus
Gametangia
Non-Tracheophyte Green Plants
Liverworts
vegetative body of a fungus
...
Bryophytes
Non-Tracheophyte Green Plants
Phytes Hepaticophyta
Liverworts
17 terms
BB 2030- Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
general bryophytes
Mosses (gametophyte)
Mosses (sporophyte)
rhizoids
-chl a and b... -cholorplasts... -make starches... -cellulose... -motile…
-form archegonia and anteridia... -monoecious or dioecious... -free…
-not free living... -food of stalk absorbs nutrients from gameto…
root like structure, but only serve as anchors- no absorption
general bryophytes
-chl a and b... -cholorplasts... -make starches... -cellulose... -motile…
Mosses (gametophyte)
-form archegonia and anteridia... -monoecious or dioecious... -free…
20 terms
The bryophytes/ Non-vascular seedless land plants
3 phyla belonging to the bryophytes
Dominant generation
Vascular or non-vascular
Anchors to substrates using ___________
1. Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) ... 2. Hornworts (Anthocerotophy…
The gametophyte generation and is the generation that perform…
NON-vascular... they didn't get vascular tissue and they don't n…
RHIZOIDS ... Doesn't have roots but instead rhizoids which are o…
3 phyla belonging to the bryophytes
1. Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) ... 2. Hornworts (Anthocerotophy…
Dominant generation
The gametophyte generation and is the generation that perform…
Review Guide: Bryophytes, Seedless Vascular Plants, and Gymnosperms
Review Fig. 22.23 (pg. 371)
What processes occur in the female con…
Review Fig. 22.14 (pg. 367)
What is a sorus?
...
1. Meiosis in ovules creates haploid (1n) megaspores.... 2. Mega…
...
They are a cluster of spore-producing capsules on a fern leaf.
Review Fig. 22.23 (pg. 371)
...
What processes occur in the female con…
1. Meiosis in ovules creates haploid (1n) megaspores.... 2. Mega…
9 terms
Structures and Functions of the Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
Antheridium
Archegonium
Spore
Gamete
Produce and protect sperm.... Gametophyte... Fern
Produce and protect egg... Gametophyte... Fern
Genetic variation and dispersal... Gametophyte... Fern
Fuse to restore diploid number... Gametophyte... Fern
Antheridium
Produce and protect sperm.... Gametophyte... Fern
Archegonium
Produce and protect egg... Gametophyte... Fern
23 terms
Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plant Lab Practical
Classification of... Mosses... Liverworts... Ho…
Classification of club mosses
Classification of whisk ferns, horseta…
Sporangium
Bryophyta... Hepatophyta... Anthocerophyta
Lycophyta
Monilophyta
Where the diploid sporophyte produces haploid spores via meio…
Classification of... Mosses... Liverworts... Ho…
Bryophyta... Hepatophyta... Anthocerophyta
Classification of club mosses
Lycophyta
30 terms
Plant Diversity I: Bryophytes (nonvascular plants) and Seedless Vascular Plants
Describe the distinguishing characteri…
Discuss the ancestral and derived feat…
Recognize and identify representative…
Identify fossil members and their exta…
possess adaptations that reduce their dependency on water
land plants and green algae share common ancestor: the charop…
...
...
Describe the distinguishing characteri…
possess adaptations that reduce their dependency on water
Discuss the ancestral and derived feat…
land plants and green algae share common ancestor: the charop…
14 terms
Bryophytes (seedless non-vascular)
Ph. Bryophyta
Ph. Hepatophyta
Ph. Anthocerophyta
Ancestral Features
Mosses
Liverworts
Hornworts
Mobile sperm, no vascular tissue (no xylem or phloem), no roo…
Ph. Bryophyta
Mosses
Ph. Hepatophyta
Liverworts
75 terms
Plant Diversity I Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants Chapter 5 lab
Gametophyte
Plant Gametes
Sporophyte
Gametangia
The generation that produces Gametes (haploid)
Produced by mitosis, creating haploid Gametes from a haploid…
- Diploid... - Functions to generate haploid spores (germinate t…
Structures that produce gametes
Gametophyte
The generation that produces Gametes (haploid)
Plant Gametes
Produced by mitosis, creating haploid Gametes from a haploid…
45 terms
CH. 16 Bryophytes & CH. 17 Seedless Vascular Plants
What type of Algae is actually protist…
What are the 3 main types of Bryophytes?
What are Bryophytes
What are the 2 gametophytes that Bryop…
Charophycean algae
Hornworts... Liverworts... Moss
Non-vascular... Adapted to land... Photosynthetic... Have both M and F…
Antheridia (male)... Archegonia (female)
What type of Algae is actually protist…
Charophycean algae
What are the 3 main types of Bryophytes?
Hornworts... Liverworts... Moss
20 terms
Plant Div. I Bryophytes (nonvascular) & Seedless Vascular Plants
List the order of plant structural evo…
Features of vascular tissue:
What's special about lycophytes?
What are the two classes of seed beari…
ancestral charophytes, nonvascular plants, vascular plants, s…
makes plant stand up, transport water, cuticle retains water,…
were the 1st plant to develop heterospory. Megaspores-female,…
Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (extinct: seed ferns)
List the order of plant structural evo…
ancestral charophytes, nonvascular plants, vascular plants, s…
Features of vascular tissue:
makes plant stand up, transport water, cuticle retains water,…
60 terms
General Botany Exam 1 Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular plants
zygote
gametes
haplodiplonic
stays the same
In an organism that is haploid the only diploid cell is a
In an organism that is diploid the only haploid cells are
another term for alternation of generations
how does the number of chromosomes in the daughter cells chan…
zygote
In an organism that is haploid the only diploid cell is a
gametes
In an organism that is diploid the only haploid cells are
9 terms
LIFE103 Lab 4 & 5 Bryophytes & Seedless Vascular Plants
nonvascular plants "Bryophytes"
Bryophytes
Bryophytes cont
Phylum Bryophyta (mosses)
-Bryophyta (mosses)... -hepatophyta (liverworts)... -anthocerophyta…
-first org we will study that are true plants... -most limited i…
-alternation of generations... -haploid gametophyte is the domin…
-sporophyte depends on gametophyte for support and nourishmen…
nonvascular plants "Bryophytes"
-Bryophyta (mosses)... -hepatophyta (liverworts)... -anthocerophyta…
Bryophytes
-first org we will study that are true plants... -most limited i…
BSC1011L Exercise 5 - Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
alteration of generations
antheridia
archegonia
calyptra
basic life cycle of plants because there are two different li…
male, sperm producing gametangia
female, egg-producing gametangia
the cover of a mosses capsule
alteration of generations
basic life cycle of plants because there are two different li…
antheridia
male, sperm producing gametangia
21 terms
Chapter 22.2-22.3: Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Bryophyte
Rhizoid
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Haploid, or gamete producing, phase of an organism (in bryoph…
Nonvascular plant that depends on water for reproduction and…
A long thin cell that anchors the moss to the ground and abso…
Sporophyte
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Gametophyte
Haploid, or gamete producing, phase of an organism (in bryoph…
30 terms
Quiz: Bryophytes (Seedless NonVascular) & Seedless Vascular
Name the structure that produces sperm.
Name the fern gametophyte.
Name the main coumpound found in the s…
Name the root hairs seen in Psilotum.
Antheridia
Prothallus
Silica
Rhizoids
Name the structure that produces sperm.
Antheridia
Name the fern gametophyte.
Prothallus
25 terms
Plant Diversity: Bryophytes (non vascular plants) and seedless vascular plants Lab Exam 3
Chara
kingdom plantae
stomata
alternation of generations
first colonists of land are thought to be most similar to the…
have similar alternation of generations life cycles, produce…
the waxy covering also prevents gas exchange, a problem solve…
plants alternate between a haploid gametophyte generation and…
Chara
first colonists of land are thought to be most similar to the…
kingdom plantae
have similar alternation of generations life cycles, produce…
10 terms
lab 4 None Vascular (Bryophytes) and Seedless Vascular
Thalloid liverwort... Bryophtes Liverwort…
Leafy liverworts... Bryophtes Liverworts:…
gametophyte stages... Sporophyte ... Gamatan…
mosses Phylum: Bryophyta... Sporophyte ... G…
Thalloid liverwort... Bryophtes Liverwort…
Leafy liverworts... Bryophtes Liverworts:…
80 terms
Seedless Vascular Plants
The approximately _______ known specie…
Fern leaves are called:
Since external water is essential to t…
What generation is the conspicuous pha…
11,000
Fronds
Sexual reproduction
Sporophyte generation
The approximately _______ known specie…
11,000
Fern leaves are called:
Fronds
14 terms
Seedless Vascular Plants - Pteridophyta
Pteridophyta
Megaphylls
Have large
Sporophyte is
Ferns
large leaves
roots
large
Pteridophyta
Ferns
Megaphylls
large leaves
10 terms
Seedless Vascular Plants - Psilophyta
Psilophyta
Psilotum
no
Has
Whisk Fern
example
leaves or roots (very different from other plants)
xylem and phloem
Psilophyta
Whisk Fern
Psilotum
example
7 terms
Seedless Vascular Plants - Equisetophyta
Equisetophyta
Have small
produce a
Stem contains
Horsetails
leaves, roots, and stems
strobilus (looks like a pinecone)
silica
Equisetophyta
Horsetails
Have small
leaves, roots, and stems
28 terms
Botany: Seedless Vascular Plants
Phylum Psilotophyta
rhizomes
Phylum Lycophyta
microphylls
includes sporophytes that have neither true leaves nor roots.…
underground stem
stems with microphylls (club moss and quillworts)
leaves with a single vein whose trace is not associated with…
Phylum Psilotophyta
includes sporophytes that have neither true leaves nor roots.…
rhizomes
underground stem
11 terms
BIOL 113L - Plant Diversity I: Nonvascular Plants(Bryophytes) and Seedless Vascular Plants
Plants
Nonvascular Plants (Bryopthyes)
Vascular Plants
Life Cycles of Plants
- Kingdome Plantae... - land adaptations... --- waxy cuticle pr…
- Hepatophyta - Liverworts... - Bryophyta - Mosses... - *Anthoc…
Seedless Plants (Pteridophyta)... - Lycophyta - Club mosses…
- alternations of generations: all plants alternate between…
Plants
- Kingdome Plantae... - land adaptations... --- waxy cuticle pr…
Nonvascular Plants (Bryopthyes)
- Hepatophyta - Liverworts... - Bryophyta - Mosses... - *Anthoc…
191 terms
Botany: Lichens, Bryophytes and Seedless Vasculars
What two things compose a Lichen?
Roughly 98% of the mycobionts in liche…
Roughly what percent of all known asco…
What two things compose roughly 90% of…
A mycobiont and a photobiont (the photobiont is an algae or c…
Ascomycota
Roughly 50%
certain green algae or Nostoc
What two things compose a Lichen?
A mycobiont and a photobiont (the photobiont is an algae or c…
Roughly 98% of the mycobionts in liche…
Ascomycota
31 terms
Seedless vascular plants worksheet
Microphyll
Megaphyll
homospory
Heterospory
small "leaves" with a single strand of vascular tissue associ…
True leaves with complex vascular system associated with siph…
meiosis results in one kind of spore
meiosis results in two kinds of spores which form two kinds o…
Microphyll
small "leaves" with a single strand of vascular tissue associ…
Megaphyll
True leaves with complex vascular system associated with siph…
26 terms
nonvascular and vascular seedless plants
both; nonvascular and vascular seedles…
vascular
nonvascular
vascular
reproduce with spores
vascular tissue; tubes
rhizoids
club moss
both; nonvascular and vascular seedles…
reproduce with spores
vascular
vascular tissue; tubes
23 terms
Seedless Vascular Plants Quiz
Family: Onocleaceae... Genus: Onoclea
Family: Ophioglossaceae... Genus: Ophiogl…
Family: Ophioglossaceae... Genus: Botrypus
Family: Equisitaceae... Genus: Equisetum
Sensitive Fern
Adder's Tongue
Rattlesnake fern
Rough Horsetail
Family: Onocleaceae... Genus: Onoclea
Sensitive Fern
Family: Ophioglossaceae... Genus: Ophiogl…
Adder's Tongue
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