Study sets matching "vascular surgery"

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Study sets matching "vascular surgery"

77 terms
Vascular surgery
The development of new, alternative ro…
Angiogenesis and neovascularization is…
Collateral formation is smaller, more…
Which of the following is NOT a/w athe…
collateral
stenosis (begins with stenosis of 50% of the vessel)... (occurs…
higher
E (all of the above are associated with atherosclerosis)... (st…
The development of new, alternative ro…
collateral
Angiogenesis and neovascularization is…
stenosis (begins with stenosis of 50% of the vessel)... (occurs…
126 terms
Vascular Surgery
6 P's of an extremity with acute arter…
Arterial emoblization of an extremity…
Treatment of arterial embolization of…
Fogarty?
Pain... Pale... Pulseless... Parasthesia (sensation)... Paralytic... Poikilo…
1. Heart (Atrial fibrillation is MOST COMMON, Recent MI --> m…
Here's the main point --> if pulses present = incomplete occl…
catheter with a balloon tip that can be inflated with saline…
6 P's of an extremity with acute arter…
Pain... Pale... Pulseless... Parasthesia (sensation)... Paralytic... Poikilo…
Arterial emoblization of an extremity…
1. Heart (Atrial fibrillation is MOST COMMON, Recent MI --> m…
60 terms
Vascular surgery
what is 3rd leading cause of death in US
risk factors for CVA
etiology carotid artery infarction
what are the two types of stroke?
stroke, >700,000 CVA annually... 169,000 CVA related deaths annu…
-age probably biggest risk factor... -smoking: another biggie…
-thromboembolism of internal carotid/middle cerebral (50%)... -s…
hemorrhagic 20%... ischemic 80%
what is 3rd leading cause of death in US
stroke, >700,000 CVA annually... 169,000 CVA related deaths annu…
risk factors for CVA
-age probably biggest risk factor... -smoking: another biggie…
56 terms
Surgery - Vascular
What are predisposing factors for DVT?
What is the single most important risk…
What are situations where an increased…
What are situations associated with de…
These may be classified according to Virchow's triad, althoug…
--previous thrombo-embolism - the single most important risk…
-Malignancy,... -Pregnancy,... -High dose oral contraceptive pills,…
•Surgery - complex systemic effects,... •Immobility: e.g. debili…
What are predisposing factors for DVT?
These may be classified according to Virchow's triad, althoug…
What is the single most important risk…
--previous thrombo-embolism - the single most important risk…
124 terms
Surgery - Vascular
MC site of traumatic aortic tear?
Which artery forms superficial + deep…
where in calf do great and small saphe…
What is vein of Giacomini?
Just distal to left subclavian artery
Ulnar --> superficial ... Radial --> deep
Great saphenous - medial calf + thigh ... Small saphenous - post…
Thigh continuation of short saphenous vein
MC site of traumatic aortic tear?
Just distal to left subclavian artery
Which artery forms superficial + deep…
Ulnar --> superficial ... Radial --> deep
37 terms
Vascular surgery
Intermittent claudication
calf pain
buttock pain
Leriche syndrome
cramping after walking a fixed distance ... pain relived by rest
superficial femoral disease
iliac disease
aorto iliac oclusive disease ... - atherosclerotic occlusion of…
Intermittent claudication
cramping after walking a fixed distance ... pain relived by rest
calf pain
superficial femoral disease
19 terms
Vascular surgery
What is subclavian steal syndrome?
How does subclavian steal syndrome pre…
How is subclavian steal syndrome diffe…
What diagnostic test is down for subcl…
When an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the…
Claudication of the arm, and posterior neurologic signs (visu…
Based on the presence of neurologic smptoms
Duplex scanning, when it shows a reversal of flow (from the v…
What is subclavian steal syndrome?
When an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the…
How does subclavian steal syndrome pre…
Claudication of the arm, and posterior neurologic signs (visu…
8 terms
vascular surgery
subclavian steal syndrome
abdominal aortic aneurysm
ruptured aortic aneurysm
arteriosclerotic disease of lower extr…
arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the subclav…
usually asymptomatic and a pulsatile mass on exam or found on…
presents w/ excruciating back pain in pt w/ large AAA. will f…
has an unpredictable natural history except for the predictab…
subclavian steal syndrome
arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the subclav…
abdominal aortic aneurysm
usually asymptomatic and a pulsatile mass on exam or found on…
36 terms
Vascular Surgery
Anastomosis
Anticoagulant
Angiogram (arteriogram)
Atherosclerosis (arteriosclerosis)
A surgical connection between two tubular structures
Any substance that prevents or slows the clotting of blood
A diagnostic test requiring the insertion of a catheter into…
The thickening and hardening of an arterial wall caused by th…
Anastomosis
A surgical connection between two tubular structures
Anticoagulant
Any substance that prevents or slows the clotting of blood
26 terms
Surgery - Vascular
AAA - Etiology
AAA - classic finding
AAA - Dx
AAA - Tx
When portion of aorta grows to 1.5x of the normal size. ... Ris…
Pulsatile abdominal mass ... +/- hypotension (rupture)
U/S to evaluate size and monitor... CT and MRI will give relatio…
Surgery if 5 cm in male and 5.5 in female or rapidly enlargin…
AAA - Etiology
When portion of aorta grows to 1.5x of the normal size. ... Ris…
AAA - classic finding
Pulsatile abdominal mass ... +/- hypotension (rupture)
54 terms
surgery - vascular
decrease hair growth, thick toenails,…
intermittent claudication, rest pain
what is the first test for PVD
gold standard for PVD
PVD
PVD
ABI < 0.5
ateriogram
decrease hair growth, thick toenails,…
PVD
intermittent claudication, rest pain
PVD
8 terms
Vascular Surgery
Presentation of subclavian steal syndr…
Dx of subclavian steal syndrome
Management of subclavian steal syndrome
Indications for repair of AAA
claudication of the arm and posterior neurologic signs (visua…
duplex scanning
bypass
->5 or 6 cm... -those that grow at 1 cm/year or faster... -tender A…
Presentation of subclavian steal syndr…
claudication of the arm and posterior neurologic signs (visua…
Dx of subclavian steal syndrome
duplex scanning
57 terms
Vascular Surgery
Layers of Artery
Atherosclerosis
Risk Factors of Atherosclerosis
Progression of Atherosclerosis
Intima: innermost elastic membrane... Media: thick, muscular... Adv…
Combination of changes in intima and media. Focal accumulatio…
Smoking... HTN... Hyperlipidemia... DM... Age
Early: fatty streak in childhood.... Progress to fibrous plaques…
Layers of Artery
Intima: innermost elastic membrane... Media: thick, muscular... Adv…
Atherosclerosis
Combination of changes in intima and media. Focal accumulatio…
Vascular Surgery
Etiology of subclavian steal syndrome
Clinical symptoms of subclavian steal…
Diagnosis of subclavian steal syndrome
Treatment of subclavian steal syndrome
Arteriosclerotic stenotic plague at the origin of the subclav…
Claudication of the arm (cold, tingling, msucle pain) and pos…
Duplex scanning shows reversal of flow
Bypass surgery
Etiology of subclavian steal syndrome
Arteriosclerotic stenotic plague at the origin of the subclav…
Clinical symptoms of subclavian steal…
Claudication of the arm (cold, tingling, msucle pain) and pos…
27 terms
Vascular Surgery
Etiology of subclavian steal syndrome
Clinical symptoms of subclavian steal…
Diagnosis of subclavian steal syndrome
Treatment of subclavian steal syndrome
Arteriosclerotic stenotic plague at the origin of the subclav…
Claudication of the arm (cold, tingling, msucle pain) and pos…
Duplex scanning shows reversal of flow
Bypass surgery
Etiology of subclavian steal syndrome
Arteriosclerotic stenotic plague at the origin of the subclav…
Clinical symptoms of subclavian steal…
Claudication of the arm (cold, tingling, msucle pain) and pos…
18 terms
Vascular Surgery
how do the walls of veins differ from…
Surgery is recommended for Aortic Aneu…
triad of AAA
describe the elective surgical repair…
There is less smooth muscle and connective tissue.... The walls…
5.5 cm or > in size
- Sudden-onset midabdominal or flank pain ("tearing" CP)... - Sh…
transperitoneal approach... - Through a long midline incision OR…
how do the walls of veins differ from…
There is less smooth muscle and connective tissue.... The walls…
Surgery is recommended for Aortic Aneu…
5.5 cm or > in size
7 terms
vascular surgery
above what size should a AAA be repair…
what is the most common cause of death…
what is the classic presentation of ca…
what is the condition in which a man h…
5 cm
MI
TIA (esp amaurosis fugax - sudden onset transient unilat blin…
Leriche syndrome- aortoiliac occlusive disease
above what size should a AAA be repair…
5 cm
what is the most common cause of death…
MI
Vascular Surgery
Juxtarenal AAAs
Pararenal AAAs
Suprarenal AAAs
AAA Risk Factors
Involve immediate infrarenal segment
Involve the origin of the renal arteries
Extend above the renal arteries
Age -frequency of aneurysms increases steadily in men older…
Juxtarenal AAAs
Involve immediate infrarenal segment
Pararenal AAAs
Involve the origin of the renal arteries
37 terms
Vascular Surgery
What is the MC site of arterial athero…
When do patients with PVD experience r…
What is characteristic of intermittent…
What is the site of a PVD ulcer versus…
Superficial femoral artery (SFA) in Hunter's canal
Classically at night (MC over metatarsals) ... Resolved with han…
It is reproducible
PVD: toes/foot... VS: medial malleolus
What is the MC site of arterial athero…
Superficial femoral artery (SFA) in Hunter's canal
When do patients with PVD experience r…
Classically at night (MC over metatarsals) ... Resolved with han…
Surgery - Vascular
What is the most common cause of arter…
Most frequently involved artery in low…
What provides collaterals to the the p…
Ischemic rest pain
Atherosclerosis
Superficial femoral artery
Profunda (deep) femoral artery
Collateral flow is inadequate (this is bad!)... Limb threatening…
What is the most common cause of arter…
Atherosclerosis
Most frequently involved artery in low…
Superficial femoral artery
65 terms
Vascular Surgery
What is subclavian steel syndrome? ... -…
Abdominal aortic aneurysm... - populatio…
A __________ is going to rupture withi…
Excruciating back pain in a patient wi…
An arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the subc…
- old, white men... - typically asymptomatic, found as a pulsati…
tender abdominal aortic aneurysm
Means that the aneurysm is already leaking. Retroperitoneal h…
What is subclavian steel syndrome? ... -…
An arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the subc…
Abdominal aortic aneurysm... - populatio…
- old, white men... - typically asymptomatic, found as a pulsati…
Surgery: Vascular
Maintaining the integrity of the _____…
What is a : A permanent and irreversib…
What type of aneurysm:... all 3 layers of…
What type of aneurysm:... pseudoaneurysms…
intimal
ANEURYSM
True
False
Maintaining the integrity of the _____…
intimal
What is a : A permanent and irreversib…
ANEURYSM
Vascular Surgery
Subclavian steal syndrome is what?
How will the patient describe their sy…
what is diagnostic for subclavian stea…
what cures subclavian steal syndrome?
an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the subc…
the patient describes claudication of the arm (coldness, ting…
duplex scanning
bypass surgery
Subclavian steal syndrome is what?
an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the subc…
How will the patient describe their sy…
the patient describes claudication of the arm (coldness, ting…
Vascular Surgery
What are the risk factors for carotid…
Etiologies of cerebral vascular accident
What are the two types of stroke? Whic…
What is hemorrhagic stroke commonly as…
Age... smoking... HTN... CAD... DM... peripheral vascular disease... hyperlipid…
1. Thromboembolism... 2. Small vessel disease: HTN... 3. possible f…
hemorrhagic- 20%... Ischemic- 80%
HTN
What are the risk factors for carotid…
Age... smoking... HTN... CAD... DM... peripheral vascular disease... hyperlipid…
Etiologies of cerebral vascular accident
1. Thromboembolism... 2. Small vessel disease: HTN... 3. possible f…
37 terms
Vascular Surgery
What is subclavian steal syndrome?
How does a patient present clinically…
What is the difference between thoraci…
What is the diagnostic test for subcla…
Rare disease where have an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque a…
patient describes claudication of the arm (coldness, tingling…
[1] thoracic outlet syndrome - vascular symptoms alone [2] su…
diagnostic test for subclavian steal syndrome is duplex scann…
What is subclavian steal syndrome?
Rare disease where have an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque a…
How does a patient present clinically…
patient describes claudication of the arm (coldness, tingling…
28 terms
vascular surgery
classic presentation is a transient is…
How is carotid stenosis managed....... sy…
CEA is generally recommended for who?…
carotid stenosis management in asympto…
carotid stenosis... Ultrasound of the carotid arteries (duplex s…
usually are advised to undergo carotid endarterectomy (CEA) f…
men... patients aged 75 or older... patients with recent stroke (no…
In asymptomatic patients, if the stenosis is 60% to 99%, CEA…
classic presentation is a transient is…
carotid stenosis... Ultrasound of the carotid arteries (duplex s…
How is carotid stenosis managed....... sy…
usually are advised to undergo carotid endarterectomy (CEA) f…
19 terms
Vascular surgery
What is subclavian steal syndrome?
How does subclavian steal syndrome pre…
How is subclavian steal syndrome diffe…
What diagnostic test is down for subcl…
When an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the…
Claudication of the arm, and posterior neurologic signs (visu…
Based on the presence of neurologic smptoms
Duplex scanning, when it shows a reversal of flow (from the v…
What is subclavian steal syndrome?
When an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the…
How does subclavian steal syndrome pre…
Claudication of the arm, and posterior neurologic signs (visu…
59 terms
Vascular Surgery
What are the risk factors for carotid…
Etiologies of cerebral vascular accident
What are the two types of stroke? Whic…
What is hemorrhagic stroke commonly as…
Age... smoking... HTN... CAD... DM... peripheral vascular disease... hype…
1. Thromboembolism... 2. Small vessel disease: HTN... 3. possible f…
hemorrhagic- 20%... Ischemic- 80%
HTN
What are the risk factors for carotid…
Age... smoking... HTN... CAD... DM... peripheral vascular disease... hype…
Etiologies of cerebral vascular accident
1. Thromboembolism... 2. Small vessel disease: HTN... 3. possible f…
Vascular Surgery
Prothrombotic States
What is indicative of a venous thrombo…
nonsurgical options for DVT
Virchow's Triad
Factor V Leiden deficiency... Protein C/S deficiency... Antithrombi…
non compressible is a + DVT study
compression... novel anticoags ... heparin bridge to warfarin... SCD:…
Stasis... Endothelial Injury... Hypercoagulability
Prothrombotic States
Factor V Leiden deficiency... Protein C/S deficiency... Antithrombi…
What is indicative of a venous thrombo…
non compressible is a + DVT study
6 terms
Vascular surgery
Subclavian Steal syndrome
Abdominal Aortic Anuerysm
Arteriosclerotic occlusive disease of LE
Work up of claudication
Arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the subclav…
Asymptomatic pulsatile abdominal mass... 4cm or smaller --> obse…
Unpredictable natural hx... Surgery done to relieve disabling sy…
Doppler studies looking for pressure gradient (If none that m…
Subclavian Steal syndrome
Arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at the origin of the subclav…
Abdominal Aortic Anuerysm
Asymptomatic pulsatile abdominal mass... 4cm or smaller --> obse…
15 terms
Vascular surgery
Risk factors for PAD
6 P's of acute ischemia
Findings of 2 types of symptomatic PAD
Treatment of PAD
Smoking, diabetes, age > 60, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia
Paralysis, Paresthesia (movement and sensation most important…
Claudication (predictable pain that disappears with rest, min…
Risk factor management (not enough for everything except clar…
Risk factors for PAD
Smoking, diabetes, age > 60, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia
6 P's of acute ischemia
Paralysis, Paresthesia (movement and sensation most important…
39 terms
Vascular Surgery
Leriche's syndrome
Unilateral acute ischemic limb (after…
Recurrent claudication w/ palpable pul…
Best indication for HD access
Aortoiliac occlusion... - claudication of buttocks and thighs... -…
Restenosis, PSA, graft infection, occlusion at distal anastam…
Due to... Intimal hyperplasia (less than 2 years)... - due to spind…
CrCl < 25... SCreat > 4... w/in 1 year of planned dialysis
Leriche's syndrome
Aortoiliac occlusion... - claudication of buttocks and thighs... -…
Unilateral acute ischemic limb (after…
Restenosis, PSA, graft infection, occlusion at distal anastam…
Vascular Surgery
Severe claudication, tissue necrosis,…
Pain, paralysis, pulseless, paresthesi…
phentoxyfylline
.5
Indications for surgical treatment in PVD
6 P's of arterial occlusion
Drug for claudication
Ischemia occurs in an ABI less than:
Severe claudication, tissue necrosis,…
Indications for surgical treatment in PVD
Pain, paralysis, pulseless, paresthesi…
6 P's of arterial occlusion
47 terms
Vascular Surgery
Describe 7 risk factors for the develo…
List 4 specific sites that have a pred…
List at least 2 clinical sequalae of a…
List 3 ways to retard the atherosclero…
-Cigarette smoking (peripheral > coronary)... -HTN... -Abnormalitie…
-Coronary arteries... -Carotid bifurcation... -Proximal iliac arter…
-MI or angina pectoralis 2/2 coronary atherosclerosis... -Transi…
-Specific agents: Antiplatelet agents, beta-blockers, statins…
Describe 7 risk factors for the develo…
-Cigarette smoking (peripheral > coronary)... -HTN... -Abnormalitie…
List 4 specific sites that have a pred…
-Coronary arteries... -Carotid bifurcation... -Proximal iliac arter…
132 terms
Vascular Surgery
Factors that predict M/M during CEA in…
Carotid Artery Disease manifests as th…
Lesions performed for a CEA are most c…
EKG leads ___ and ___ are required for…
age > 75... history of angina... preexisting neurological symptoms…
syncope... amaurosis fugal (eye vision loss)... TIA... RIND... CVA
bifurcations of common carotid artery or its internal or exte…
II and V5
Factors that predict M/M during CEA in…
age > 75... history of angina... preexisting neurological symptoms…
Carotid Artery Disease manifests as th…
syncope... amaurosis fugal (eye vision loss)... TIA... RIND... CVA
32 terms
Vascular Surgery
anything vascular...gold standard
PAD s/s
PAD risk factors
PAD diagnostic studies
angiogram!
-intermittent claudication... -rest pain... -erectile dysfunction…
-HTN... -smoking... -diabetes... -hyperlipidemia... -obesity
-ankle brachial index... -gold standard: angiogram
anything vascular...gold standard
angiogram!
PAD s/s
-intermittent claudication... -rest pain... -erectile dysfunction…
42 terms
Vascular surgery
Bifurcation of the common carotids
Ophthalmic arterry
Symptoms of carotid disease
Transient ischemic attack
Most common site of plaque deposits due to turbulent flow
First major branch of the internal carotid in the brain
Gradual plaque formation, sudden occlusion from emboli, criti…
Temporary, focal neuro dysfunction that lasts <24hr, left unt…
Bifurcation of the common carotids
Most common site of plaque deposits due to turbulent flow
Ophthalmic arterry
First major branch of the internal carotid in the brain
12 terms
Vascular Surgery
Ruptured Aortic Aneurysm
Factors predicting poorest prognosis i…
Most common reason for coagulopathy in…
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
...
Hypotension and history of cardiac disease
thrombocytopenia
...
Ruptured Aortic Aneurysm
...
Factors predicting poorest prognosis i…
Hypotension and history of cardiac disease
38 terms
vascular surgery
claudication of arm, visual symptoms,…
path of subclavian steal
claudication symptoms in arm
pulsatile abdominal mass on exam
subclavian steal syndrome; duplex scanning
plaque at the origin of subclav becomes restrictive where the…
thoracic outlet syndrome
AAA
claudication of arm, visual symptoms,…
subclavian steal syndrome; duplex scanning
path of subclavian steal
plaque at the origin of subclav becomes restrictive where the…
34 terms
Vascular Surgery
smooth muscle is located in which laye…
Accumulation of lipids, hemorrhage, ca…
Risk factors for atherosclerosis
term that implies that if you don't re…
media
Atherosclerosis
Male... Smoking... HTN... Hyperlipidemia... DBM... Age... Obesity... Family Hx... Ren…
Critical limb ischemia (CLI)
smooth muscle is located in which laye…
media
Accumulation of lipids, hemorrhage, ca…
Atherosclerosis
47 terms
Vascular Surgery
Patient exercises upper extremities an…
Pathophysiology of Subclavian Steal Sy…
Pulsatile abdominal mass
Who should you suspect/screen for AAA…
Suspect Subclavian Steal Syndrome
A rare disorder where an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at…
abdominal aortic aneurysm
Male with any smoking history between ages 65-75
Patient exercises upper extremities an…
Suspect Subclavian Steal Syndrome
Pathophysiology of Subclavian Steal Sy…
A rare disorder where an arteriosclerotic stenotic plaque at…
75 terms
Vascular Surgery
Symptoms of Internal Carotid Artery Di…
best 1st non-invasive screening imagin…
Gold standard invasive method of eval…
2 Other test to eval carotid stenosis
*TIA ... -Amaurosis Fugax: temporary monocular blindness... *RIND…
Duplex Ultrasound... - if > 50% occlusion, repeat yearly
angiography... -replaced by non invasive studies... -1-2% risk of s…
1. Gadolinium contrast enhanced MRA... 2. CT angiogram w/ contr…
Symptoms of Internal Carotid Artery Di…
*TIA ... -Amaurosis Fugax: temporary monocular blindness... *RIND…
best 1st non-invasive screening imagin…
Duplex Ultrasound... - if > 50% occlusion, repeat yearly
25 terms
Vascular Surgery
S&S PAD
risk factors PAD
diagnostic studies PAD
treatment PAD
intermittent claudication... rest pain... ED... chronic leg ulceration…
HTN... smoking... diabetes... hyperlipidemia... obesity
ankle brachial index (ABI)... gold standard = angiogram
lifestyle... patient education - smoking cessation... medications... s…
S&S PAD
intermittent claudication... rest pain... ED... chronic leg ulceration…
risk factors PAD
HTN... smoking... diabetes... hyperlipidemia... obesity
53 terms
Surgery: Vascular
what are the layers of a vessel wall... -…
intima has an endothelial cell lining…
what are the components of the compone…
adventitia is made of what
intima, media, adventitia,... - each separated by an elastic lam…
antithrombotic components... - protein C and S, antithrombin, pr…
smooth muscle cells, elastin, collagen and proteoglycans
connective tissue, fibroblasts, capillaries, neural fibers, a…
what are the layers of a vessel wall... -…
intima, media, adventitia,... - each separated by an elastic lam…
intima has an endothelial cell lining…
antithrombotic components... - protein C and S, antithrombin, pr…
32 terms
Vascular Surgery
Peripheral vascular disease, also call…
Risk factors for PVD
PVD Diagnostic Studies
Treatment of PVD
i. Intermittent claudication... ii. Rest pain... iii. Erectile dysf…
i. HTN... ii. Smoking... iii. Diabetes... iv. Hyperlipidemia... v. Obesity
i. Ankle to Brachial Index (ABI) ... ii. Gold standard = angiogram
-Lifestyle modification and patient education regarding risk…
Peripheral vascular disease, also call…
i. Intermittent claudication... ii. Rest pain... iii. Erectile dysf…
Risk factors for PVD
i. HTN... ii. Smoking... iii. Diabetes... iv. Hyperlipidemia... v. Obesity
8 terms
Vascular surgery
Give examples for large vessel vasculi…
Give examples for medium vessel vascul…
Give examples for small vessel vasculi…
What is Wegener's granulomatosis new n…
temporal arteritis... Takayasu's arteritis
polyarteritis nodosa... Kawasaki disease
ANCA-associated vasculitides (Wegener's, Churg-Strauss, mic…
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Give examples for large vessel vasculi…
temporal arteritis... Takayasu's arteritis
Give examples for medium vessel vascul…
polyarteritis nodosa... Kawasaki disease
36 terms
Vascular Surgery
does deep vein has higher BP than supe…
the 3 common sites of VV?
what does medial VV and lateral VV ind…
trophic skin changes in VV?
yes
long saphenous to femoral... short saphenous to popliteal... calf p…
SFJ (long saphenous)... SPJ (short saphenous)
atrophic blanche... ulcer... eczema... haemosiderin... dermatoliposclerosis
does deep vein has higher BP than supe…
yes
the 3 common sites of VV?
long saphenous to femoral... short saphenous to popliteal... calf p…
47 terms
Vascular Surgery
Identify the 2 greatest risk factors p…
Administration of dextrose-containing…
Hyperglycemia is least tolerated with…
Define stump pressure. What is the sig…
The two greatest risk factors for morbidity in the patient un…
Carotid endarterectomy. Moderate hyperglycemia worsens ischem…
Carotid occlusion. Elevated blood glucose levels can contribu…
Stump pressure is the pressure measured in the carotid artery…
Identify the 2 greatest risk factors p…
The two greatest risk factors for morbidity in the patient un…
Administration of dextrose-containing…
Carotid endarterectomy. Moderate hyperglycemia worsens ischem…
Vascular Surgery
Indications for IVC Filter for venous…
What are the cause of venous thrombosis?
What are the signs and sx of deep veno…
How do you diagnose deep venous thromb…
1. can't anticoagulant them- active bleed ... 2. develop a clot…
Virchow's Triad ->... Stasis... Endothelial Injury... Hypercoagulability
Extremity swelling... Pain and tenderness... Phlegmasia alba dolens…
D Dimer... Ultrasound... CT/MR Venogram... Venogram
Indications for IVC Filter for venous…
1. can't anticoagulant them- active bleed ... 2. develop a clot…
What are the cause of venous thrombosis?
Virchow's Triad ->... Stasis... Endothelial Injury... Hypercoagulability
Vascular Surgery
Types of vascular disease
Risk factors for vascular disease
arterial wounds characteristics
venous wound characteristics
PAD... aneurysm... renal artery disease... raynauds... buergers... PVD... DVT
increase age... smokers... diabetes... HTN... hyperlipidemia... low LDL, hig…
weak pulse... pale skin... deep wound with distinct edges... pain with…
strong bounding pulse ... dark skin... wet wound (medial malleolus)…
Types of vascular disease
PAD... aneurysm... renal artery disease... raynauds... buergers... PVD... DVT
Risk factors for vascular disease
increase age... smokers... diabetes... HTN... hyperlipidemia... low LDL, hig…
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