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Study sets matching "vascular ultrasound"

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Study sets matching "vascular ultrasound"

41 terms
Vascular ultrasound
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
internal jugular vein
external jugular vein
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
156 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
Dysarthria
Common Carotid Artery (CCA)
Bruit
Dysphagia
Difficulty with speech caused by impairment of the tongue or…
Arises from the aortic arch on the left side and from the inn…
Noise caused by tissue vibration produced by turbulence that…
Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing
Dysarthria
Difficulty with speech caused by impairment of the tongue or…
Common Carotid Artery (CCA)
Arises from the aortic arch on the left side and from the inn…
358 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
What are the two types of energy that…
Describe the energy transfer between p…
What kind of pressure is located in th…
What is laminar flow?
Potential energy = pressure in the vessels... Kinetic energy = v…
When the lumen increases, kinetic energy (blood flow) is conv…
Hydrostatic pressure
flow is faster at the center of the vessel than at the outsid…
What are the two types of energy that…
Potential energy = pressure in the vessels... Kinetic energy = v…
Describe the energy transfer between p…
When the lumen increases, kinetic energy (blood flow) is conv…
13 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
supply nonparenchymal structures, such…
failure of vein to compress completely…
anterior and medial to internal, has b…
supply solid organs... broad systolic pea…
High resistance waveforms... typical structures... measurement poin…
DVT studies... primary finding... risk factors for asymptomatic DVT's
carotid anatomy... identifying the external carotid artery... ident…
Low resistance waveform
supply nonparenchymal structures, such…
High resistance waveforms... typical structures... measurement poin…
failure of vein to compress completely…
DVT studies... primary finding... risk factors for asymptomatic DVT's
105 terms
VASCULAR ULTRASOUND
THE VERTEBRAL ARTERY USUALLY ARISES FR…
THE INFRAORBITAL ARTERY IS A TERMINAL…
THE VERTEBRAL ARTERIES BRANCH FROM THE…
THE FIRST BRANCH OF THE ICA IS THE
SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
MAXILLARY ARTERY
BASILAR ARTERY
OPTHALMIC ARTERY
THE VERTEBRAL ARTERY USUALLY ARISES FR…
SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
THE INFRAORBITAL ARTERY IS A TERMINAL…
MAXILLARY ARTERY
290 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
The splanchnic arteries are comprised of
What is a mycotic aneurysm
What is the difference between a type…
The portal vein provides how much of t…
The vessels that supply the bowel with blood the celiac arter…
Results from an infectious process
Type one dissection affects the ascending aorta, arch and the…
75 to 80%
The splanchnic arteries are comprised of
The vessels that supply the bowel with blood the celiac arter…
What is a mycotic aneurysm
Results from an infectious process
1,206 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
If a renal artery is occluded what hap…
A doubling of velocity across sgements…
A fourfold increase in velocity signif…
Abdominal pain that increases in sever…
decreases
>50%
>75%
ruptured aortic aneurysm
If a renal artery is occluded what hap…
decreases
A doubling of velocity across sgements…
>50%
156 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
Dysarthria
Common Carotid Artery (CCA)
Bruit
Dysphagia
Difficulty with speech caused by impairment of the tongue or…
Arises from the aortic arch on the left side and from the inn…
Noise caused by tissue vibration produced by turbulence that…
Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing
Dysarthria
Difficulty with speech caused by impairment of the tongue or…
Common Carotid Artery (CCA)
Arises from the aortic arch on the left side and from the inn…
72 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
Name 3 branches of the Aortic Arch
Ascending Aorta
Descending Aorta
Subclavian Artery
Innominate/Brachiocephic (Branches into Rt CCA&RT Subcl), Lt…
-Arises from the left ventricle.... -Divide into Rt and Lt Coron…
-extending downward from aortic arch to just above diaphragm.
Run laterally to outer border of 1st rib becoming Axillary Ar…
Name 3 branches of the Aortic Arch
Innominate/Brachiocephic (Branches into Rt CCA&RT Subcl), Lt…
Ascending Aorta
-Arises from the left ventricle.... -Divide into Rt and Lt Coron…
14 terms
Vascular Ultrasound- Carotid Ultrasound
NASCET guidelines
Carotid anatomy
Plaque Evaluation- Intimal Hyperplasia
Plaque Evaluation- Plaque Formation
Carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis >/= 7…
Right common carotid artery arises from bifurcation of the in…
The normal intima-media thickness (IMT) is dependent upon age…
Carotid plaques are most commonly found within 2 cm of the bi…
NASCET guidelines
Carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis >/= 7…
Carotid anatomy
Right common carotid artery arises from bifurcation of the in…
10 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
Carotid Dissection
What are the proven methods to charact…
Signs and symptoms of a pseudoaneurysm
Post stenosis, velocity________ and pr…
-Occurs in any artery where the intima tears away from the me…
-Ultrasound... -MRI... -CT Scan... *or a combination of techniques
-Pallable, pulsatile mass... -Neck pain... -Neuroglic symptoms
decreases, increases
Carotid Dissection
-Occurs in any artery where the intima tears away from the me…
What are the proven methods to charact…
-Ultrasound... -MRI... -CT Scan... *or a combination of techniques
32 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
If a high grade stenosis or occlusion…
How can increased resistance be determ…
Where should waveforms be obtained whe…
PR? What is it? Equation? Normal value?
It will still be a low resistance waveform but it will appear…
Checking Parenchymal Resistance Ratio and the Resistive Index
Waveform and peak velocity measurements in the upper and lowe…
Parenchymal Resistance Ratio... End Diastolic Velocity Divided b…
If a high grade stenosis or occlusion…
It will still be a low resistance waveform but it will appear…
How can increased resistance be determ…
Checking Parenchymal Resistance Ratio and the Resistive Index
156 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
Dysarthria
Common Carotid Artery (CCA)
Bruit
Dysphagia
Difficulty with speech caused by impairment of the tongue or…
Arises from the aortic arch on the left side and from the inn…
Noise caused by tissue vibration produced by turbulence that…
Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing
Dysarthria
Difficulty with speech caused by impairment of the tongue or…
Common Carotid Artery (CCA)
Arises from the aortic arch on the left side and from the inn…
52 terms
ULTRASOUND----VASCULAR
According to Bernoulli what is not tru…
All of the following cause vasodilatat…
a 75% area reduction equates to a:
All of the following are true about po…
Pressure is higher at the region of stenosis
Hyperventilation
50% diameter reduction
No heat loss
According to Bernoulli what is not tru…
Pressure is higher at the region of stenosis
All of the following cause vasodilatat…
Hyperventilation
24 terms
vascular ultrasound
the best duplex image of an arterial w…
true or false the carotid body assist…
true of false pain in the lower extrem…
0.59
90 degrees
false
true
patients complaining of intermittent claudication will have a…
the best duplex image of an arterial w…
90 degrees
true or false the carotid body assist…
false
44 terms
Vascular ultrasound
Sensitivity
Specificity
Positive predictive value
Negative predictive value
Ability of a test to detect disease
Ability of a test to identify normality
Percentage of noninvasive test results that accurately predic…
Percentage of noninvasive test results that accurately predic…
Sensitivity
Ability of a test to detect disease
Specificity
Ability of a test to identify normality
24 terms
Abdominal Vascular Ultrasound Images
Long Aorta Distal
Long Aorta Mid
Long Aorta Prox
Distal Aorta
Name the Structure(s)
Name the Structure(s)
Name the Structure(s)
Name the Structure(s)
Long Aorta Distal
Name the Structure(s)
Long Aorta Mid
Name the Structure(s)
293 terms
Ultrasound Vascular Registry Review
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Name the three branches of the aortic…
The radial artery runs on what side of…
The radial artery branches to form wha…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
Lateral side
Superficial palmar arch
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
Name the three branches of the aortic…
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
156 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
Dysarthria
Common Carotid Artery (CCA)
Bruit
Dysphagia
Difficulty with speech caused by impairment of the tongue or…
Arises from the aortic arch on the left side and from the inn…
Noise caused by tissue vibration produced by turbulence that…
Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing
Dysarthria
Difficulty with speech caused by impairment of the tongue or…
Common Carotid Artery (CCA)
Arises from the aortic arch on the left side and from the inn…
15 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
What two places will we see pathology?
2 Types of Arterial Pathology
Atherosclerosis
Aneurysms
Arteries/Veins
Atherosclerosis, Aneurysms
hardening of arteries with plaque
weakening of the vessel wall
What two places will we see pathology?
Arteries/Veins
2 Types of Arterial Pathology
Atherosclerosis, Aneurysms
94 terms
Vascular Ultrasound
What are the 3 branches of the aortic…
Which branching vessel of the aortic a…
Which branching vessel of the aortic a…
What does the innominate/brachiocephal…
1- Innominate/Brachiocephalic Artery... 2- Left Common Carotid A…
Innominate/Brachiocephalic Artery
Left Common Carotid Artery
1- Right Common Carotid Artery... 2- Subclavian Artery
What are the 3 branches of the aortic…
1- Innominate/Brachiocephalic Artery... 2- Left Common Carotid A…
Which branching vessel of the aortic a…
Innominate/Brachiocephalic Artery
37 terms
VASCULAR ULTRASOUND CARDIOVASCULAR HEMODYNAMICS
HEMODYNAMICS
What makes fluid move through the syst…
Systolic Pressure
What happens when there is an increase…
study of physical variables related to containment and moveme…
difference in pressure
peak pressure during contraction of the heart
increased cardiac ouput
HEMODYNAMICS
study of physical variables related to containment and moveme…
What makes fluid move through the syst…
difference in pressure
293 terms
Ultrasound Vascular Registry Review
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Name the three branches of the aortic…
The radial artery runs on what side of…
The radial artery branches to form wha…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
Lateral side
Superficial palmar arch
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
Name the three branches of the aortic…
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
293 terms
Ultrasound Vascular Registry Review
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Name the three branches of the aortic…
The radial artery runs on what side of…
The radial artery branches to form wha…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
Lateral side
Superficial palmar arch
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
Name the three branches of the aortic…
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
34 terms
Vascular System on Ultrasound
Vessel Wall Layer
Intima
Media
Adventitia
Intima... Media... Adventitia
Innermost... Direct contact with RBC... Endothelial cells, connecti…
Middle layer... Muscle with elastic and collagenous tissue
Outermost layer... Loose connective tissue, smooth muscle and el…
Vessel Wall Layer
Intima... Media... Adventitia
Intima
Innermost... Direct contact with RBC... Endothelial cells, connecti…
21 terms
Quality Assurance-Vascular Ultrasound
Sensitivity
Sensitivity
Specificity
Specificity
The ability of a test to detect disease
# of true positives/ # of all positive detected by gold stand…
The ability of a test to identify normalcy
# of true negative tests/# of all negative detected by the go…
Sensitivity
The ability of a test to detect disease
Sensitivity
# of true positives/ # of all positive detected by gold stand…
32 terms
Abdominal Ultrasound Vascular Pathology
Atherosclerosis
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)
Fusiform aneurysm
Saccular aneurysm
*a type of arteriosclerosis with the presence of deposits on…
Focal dilatation of an artery caused by a structural weakness…
Most common type of aneurysm. Uniform in appearance. Age, obe…
Trauma... One sided... ex. 30 y/o, no prior history, car accident
Atherosclerosis
*a type of arteriosclerosis with the presence of deposits on…
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)
Focal dilatation of an artery caused by a structural weakness…
32 terms
Abdominal Ultrasound Vascular Pathology
Atherosclerosis
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)
Fusiform aneurysm
Saccular aneurysm
*a type of arteriosclerosis with the presence of deposits on…
Focal dilatation of an artery caused by a structural weakness…
Most common type of aneurysm. Uniform in appearance. Age, obe…
Trauma... One sided... ex. 30 y/o, no prior history, car accident
Atherosclerosis
*a type of arteriosclerosis with the presence of deposits on…
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)
Focal dilatation of an artery caused by a structural weakness…
Abdominal Vascular Ultrasound Images
Long Aorta Distal
Long Aorta Mid
Long Aorta Prox
Distal Aorta
Name the Structure(s)
Name the Structure(s)
Name the Structure(s)
Name the Structure(s)
Long Aorta Distal
Name the Structure(s)
Long Aorta Mid
Name the Structure(s)
62 terms
Vascular Ultrasound Physics
Doppler shift, difference in transmitt…
Elements in the transducer that are st…
Frequency of the transmitted signal
1 sound wave or cycle per second
Delta f
Piezoelectric crystals
Size of the elements affects
Hertz
Doppler shift, difference in transmitt…
Delta f
Elements in the transducer that are st…
Piezoelectric crystals
366 terms
Ultrasound Vascular Registry Review
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Name the three branches of the aortic…
The radial artery runs on what side of…
The radial artery branches to form wha…
coronary artery followed by the innominate/brachiocephalic
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic (branches into rt. cca…
Lateral side
Superficial palmar arch
What is the first branch of the aortic…
coronary artery followed by the innominate/brachiocephalic
Name the three branches of the aortic…
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic (branches into rt. cca…
24 terms
Vascular ultrasound ch 4
Capabilities of Doppler waveform analy…
Limitations of Doppler waveform analysis
Pt positioning for Doppler waveform an…
The Doppler effect
- help confirm diagnosis / approximate location of arterial o…
- pt's with casts or extensive bandages... - waveform may be aff…
- supine w/ extremities at same level as heart. To decrease i…
- when a wave is reflected from a moving target, the frequenc…
Capabilities of Doppler waveform analy…
- help confirm diagnosis / approximate location of arterial o…
Limitations of Doppler waveform analysis
- pt's with casts or extensive bandages... - waveform may be aff…
39 terms
Vascular ultrasound ch 3
Chronic occlusive disease
Claudication
Ischemic rest pain
Tissue Loss
A. Claudication ... B. Ischemic rest pain... C. Tissue loss
- pn in muscles usually occurring during exercise; subsides w…
-a more severe symptom of diminished blood flow... - occurs when…
- necrosis or death of tissue... - due to deficient or absent bl…
Chronic occlusive disease
A. Claudication ... B. Ischemic rest pain... C. Tissue loss
Claudication
- pn in muscles usually occurring during exercise; subsides w…
174 terms
Vascular ultrasound unit 2
Capillaries
Cardiac output, wall resistance, compl…
Vasoconstriction
Vasodilation
Networks of tiny vessels that exchange nutrients and gas that…
5 Mechanisms controlling blood flow
Normally occurs at rest, higher resistance flow below Renal A…
Causes normal low resistance flow that occurs with exercise
Capillaries
Networks of tiny vessels that exchange nutrients and gas that…
Cardiac output, wall resistance, compl…
5 Mechanisms controlling blood flow
316 terms
Vascular Ultrasound Unit 1
Plaque
Lumen
Stenosis
Bifurcation
Atherosclerotic meterial that builds up on vessel walls; may…
Open part of vessel through which blood flows
Narrowing or artery by plaque build up
Point where vessels branch/divide
Plaque
Atherosclerotic meterial that builds up on vessel walls; may…
Lumen
Open part of vessel through which blood flows
55 terms
Vascular ultrasound ch 2
Arterial system
Cardiac contraction
Heart pump
Cardiac output governs:
-multi branch elastic conduit set into oscillation by each be…
Begins with pressure in Lt ventricle rising rapidly... Lt ventri…
Generates pressure to move blood... Results in pressure wave (en…
Amt of blood that enters arterial system; arterial pressure &…
Arterial system
-multi branch elastic conduit set into oscillation by each be…
Cardiac contraction
Begins with pressure in Lt ventricle rising rapidly... Lt ventri…
70 terms
Vascular ultrasound ch 2
Arterial system
Cardiac contraction
Heart pump
Cardiac output governs:
-multi branch elastic conduit set into oscillation by each be…
Begins with pressure in Lt ventricle rising rapidly... Lt ventri…
Generates pressure to move blood... Results in pressure wave (en…
Amt of blood that enters arterial system; arterial pressure &…
Arterial system
-multi branch elastic conduit set into oscillation by each be…
Cardiac contraction
Begins with pressure in Lt ventricle rising rapidly... Lt ventri…
70 terms
Vascular ultrasound ch 2
Arterial system
Cardiac contraction
Heart pump
Cardiac output governs:
-multi branch elastic conduit set into oscillation by each be…
Begins with pressure in Lt ventricle rising rapidly... Lt ventri…
Generates pressure to move blood... Results in pressure wave (en…
Amt of blood that enters arterial system; arterial pressure &…
Arterial system
-multi branch elastic conduit set into oscillation by each be…
Cardiac contraction
Begins with pressure in Lt ventricle rising rapidly... Lt ventri…
24 terms
Ultrasound Concepts - Vascular
Vascular sonographer will perform
Vascular Ultrasound examines
Transcranial Doppler is used for
Reasons for Transcranial Doppler
Ultrasound examinations specific to the vascular systems of m…
Venous and Arterial anatomy of; Arms and Legs; Cerebrovascula…
Looking at the blood vessels inside of the brain; Looking for…
People who have sustained a head trauma (subarachnoid hemorrh…
Vascular sonographer will perform
Ultrasound examinations specific to the vascular systems of m…
Vascular Ultrasound examines
Venous and Arterial anatomy of; Arms and Legs; Cerebrovascula…
293 terms
Ultrasound Vascular Registry Review
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Name the three branches of the aortic…
The radial artery runs on what side of…
The radial artery branches to form wha…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
Lateral side
Superficial palmar arch
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
Name the three branches of the aortic…
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
22 terms
Vascular Ultrasound- ch 1
Branches off aortic arch
Upper extremity arteries
Abdominal aorta visceral branches
Celiac artery
1.prox to arch - coronary A.... 2. Inominate/brachiocephalic (di…
1. Subclavian... 2. Axillary... 3. Brachial... 4. Radial ... 5. Ulnar... 6.…
Celiac... Superior mesenteric artery... Renal arteries... Inferior mes…
Supplies stomach, liver, panc, duodenum, spleen... Branches into…
Branches off aortic arch
1.prox to arch - coronary A.... 2. Inominate/brachiocephalic (di…
Upper extremity arteries
1. Subclavian... 2. Axillary... 3. Brachial... 4. Radial ... 5. Ulnar... 6.…
39 terms
Vascular ultrasound ch 3
Chronic occlusive disease
Claudication
Ischemic rest pain
Tissue Loss
A. Claudication ... B. Ischemic rest pain... C. Tissue loss
- pn in muscles usually occurring during exercise; subsides w…
-a more severe symptom of diminished blood flow... - occurs when…
- necrosis or death of tissue... - due to deficient or absent bl…
Chronic occlusive disease
A. Claudication ... B. Ischemic rest pain... C. Tissue loss
Claudication
- pn in muscles usually occurring during exercise; subsides w…
21 terms
Quality Assurance-Vascular Ultrasound
Sensitivity
Sensitivity
Specificity
Specificity
The ability of a test to detect disease
# of true positives/ # of all positive detected by gold stand…
The ability of a test to identify normalcy
# of true negative tests/# of all negative detected by the go…
Sensitivity
The ability of a test to detect disease
Sensitivity
# of true positives/ # of all positive detected by gold stand…
54 terms
Vascular: Carotid Ultrasound
Amarosis
Amarosis Fugax
Anastamosis
Aneurysm
blindness, lack of vision resulting from an extra occular cause
transient episodic blindness due to decreased blood flow to t…
communication between two vessels which may be naturally occu…
abnormal dilatation of an artery resulting from a weakening o…
Amarosis
blindness, lack of vision resulting from an extra occular cause
Amarosis Fugax
transient episodic blindness due to decreased blood flow to t…
157 terms
Vascular Ultrasound Unit 3
Physiology of veins: transports blood…
Compared to arteries, veins aren't as…
Shape depends on __ __
High Transmural pressure makes a vein…
Heart, waste, carbon dioxide
Strong, thin, collapse, compliant, distensible, steady
Transmural pressure
Circular
Physiology of veins: transports blood…
Heart, waste, carbon dioxide
Compared to arteries, veins aren't as…
Strong, thin, collapse, compliant, distensible, steady
293 terms
Ultrasound Vascular Registry Review
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Name the three branches of the aortic…
The radial artery runs on what side of…
The radial artery branches to form wha…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
Lateral side
Superficial palmar arch
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
Name the three branches of the aortic…
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
293 terms
Ultrasound Vascular Registry Review
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Name the three branches of the aortic…
The radial artery runs on what side of…
The radial artery branches to form wha…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
Lateral side
Superficial palmar arch
What is the first branch of the aortic…
Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic
Name the three branches of the aortic…
a. Innominate artery/ Brachiocephalic ... b. Lt CCA... c. Lt Subcla…
37 terms
vascular ultrasound anatomy
The first branches of ascending aorta
The innominate (brachiocephalic) divid…
runs laterally to outer border of firs…
branches into the radial and ulnar art…
coronaries
right common carotid and subclavian arteries
subclavian artery
brachial artery
The first branches of ascending aorta
coronaries
The innominate (brachiocephalic) divid…
right common carotid and subclavian arteries
70 terms
Vascular Ultrasound Unit 4
When assessing the aorta or iliac arte…
Renal arteries are checked for __ grea…
Kidneys are evaluated for __ disease a…
Mesenteric arteries are checked for __…
Stenosis, aneurysim, bypass grafts
Stenosis, 60
Nephrosclerotic, transplants
Portal HTN, liver
When assessing the aorta or iliac arte…
Stenosis, aneurysim, bypass grafts
Renal arteries are checked for __ grea…
Stenosis, 60
37 terms
vascular ultrasound anatomy
The first branches of ascending aorta
The innominate (brachiocephalic) divid…
runs laterally to outer border of firs…
branches into the radial and ulnar art…
coronaries
right common carotid and subclavian arteries
subclavian artery
brachial artery
The first branches of ascending aorta
coronaries
The innominate (brachiocephalic) divid…
right common carotid and subclavian arteries
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