Study sets matching "veins lymphatics"

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Study sets matching "veins lymphatics"

39 terms
Veins and Lymphatics
30 y.o. male smoker presents with gang…
82 year old woman has headaches, visua…
Vascular pathology
Raynaud Phenomenon
Thrombosis with microabscesses... -Does have granulomatous inf…
Chronic inflammation with scattered giant cells
-Raynaud Phenomenon... -Veins and lymphatics
-Exaggerated *vasoconstriction of digital arteries and arteri…
30 y.o. male smoker presents with gang…
Thrombosis with microabscesses... -Does have granulomatous inf…
82 year old woman has headaches, visua…
Chronic inflammation with scattered giant cells
22 terms
Veins & Lymphatics
T/F, some exchange of material occurs…
The driving force for blood flow from…
The pressure gradient between the peri…
The veins serve a storage function in…
True, only a small amount
pressure gradient
5-10
sympathetic
T/F, some exchange of material occurs…
True, only a small amount
The driving force for blood flow from…
pressure gradient
116 terms
veins and lymphatics
what are the 4 most common clinical ve…
which 2 of the 4 account for 90% of cl…
what do we call dilated tortuous veins…
are varicose veins superficial or deep
1. varicose veins... 2. thromboplebitis/phlebothrombosis... 3. supe…
1. varicose veins... 2. phlebothrombosis
varicose veins
superficial
what are the 4 most common clinical ve…
1. varicose veins... 2. thromboplebitis/phlebothrombosis... 3. supe…
which 2 of the 4 account for 90% of cl…
1. varicose veins... 2. phlebothrombosis
16 terms
Veins and Lymphatics
Blood flow from systemic capillaries e…
Some exchange of materials occurs in t…
What is the driving force for blood fl…
In blood flow from veins back to heart…
venules;... systemic veins
venules
pressure gradient b/w the peripheral veins and the right atri…
low;... driving pressure
Blood flow from systemic capillaries e…
venules;... systemic veins
Some exchange of materials occurs in t…
venules
9 terms
Veins and Lymphatics
What percent of the total blood volume…
(T/F) There is no exchange of material…
What is the approximate pressure gradi…
What causes vasocontriction of the vei…
60%
False (Only a small amount)
5-10 mmHg
Sympathetic nerve activity acting on vascular smooth muscle
What percent of the total blood volume…
60%
(T/F) There is no exchange of material…
False (Only a small amount)
21 terms
veins and lymphatic
superior vena cava
right and left brachiocephalic veins
right or left Subclavian vein
internal jugular vein
drains all areas superior to diaphragm, except heart wall.
drains right or left side of head, and upper limbs. Right bra…
pic shows right side, also one on left side. Drains right or…
largest of jugulars. Drains brain.
superior vena cava
drains all areas superior to diaphragm, except heart wall.
right and left brachiocephalic veins
drains right or left side of head, and upper limbs. Right bra…
25 terms
veins and lymphatics
varicose veins
consequence of varicose veins
other varicosities
hemorrhoids
superficial sapthenous veins become dilated and turtuous bc i…
pedal edema, pain and thrombosis, bleeding, do not lead to th…
hermorrhoids, esophageal varices, lingual varices
veins no valves, noted w/ pregnancy, cirrhosis, and constipat…
varicose veins
superficial sapthenous veins become dilated and turtuous bc i…
consequence of varicose veins
pedal edema, pain and thrombosis, bleeding, do not lead to th…
Veins and Lymphatics of the Upper Limb
Cephalic Vein
Basilic Vein
Median Cubital Vein
Median Antebrachial Vein
Lateral of biceps... pierces brachial fascia and costocoracoid m…
runs with medial ante brachial cutaneous nerve along ulna ... Pi…
Connects cephalic and basilic vein ... Injury: Can be punctured…
Cephalic Vein
Lateral of biceps... pierces brachial fascia and costocoracoid m…
Basilic Vein
runs with medial ante brachial cutaneous nerve along ulna ... Pi…
14 terms
Veins/Lymphatics and Baroreceptor Reflex
What is the driving force for blood fl…
How do veins serve as a storage?
what constitutes the skeletal muscle p…
what constitutes the respiratory pump?
pressure gradient between the peripheral veins and the right…
total volume of peripheral veins can be altered by sympatheti…
valves in veins outside of the thorax do not allow blood to b…
as the diaphragm depends during inspiration, the abdominal pr…
What is the driving force for blood fl…
pressure gradient between the peripheral veins and the right…
How do veins serve as a storage?
total volume of peripheral veins can be altered by sympatheti…
80 terms
Thorax: Arteries, Veins & Lymphatics
r coronary artery
l coronary artery
arch of the aorta
l subclavian a
4 branches:... 1. SA nodal a. ... 2. atrial rami ... 3. right marginal…
Short artery, 3 branches: ... 1. anterior interventricular a aka…
3 branches:... 1. brachiocephalic a... 2. left common carotid... 3. le…
3 branches:... 1. internal thoracic a... 2. thyrocervical trunk... 3.…
r coronary artery
4 branches:... 1. SA nodal a. ... 2. atrial rami ... 3. right marginal…
l coronary artery
Short artery, 3 branches: ... 1. anterior interventricular a aka…
30 terms
BV = arteries, veins, lymphatics
Examples of rupture
Hypertrophy causes
Hypertrophy lesions
Dilation types
-aorta = eq assoc w. exertion... -aorta = turkey often dissectin…
increased vol/pressure load... -uterine arteries in prego... -pulm…
-thick walls... -medial hyperplasia
-aneurysm - arterial wall out pouching -> Cu def, sweet pea t…
Examples of rupture
-aorta = eq assoc w. exertion... -aorta = turkey often dissectin…
Hypertrophy causes
increased vol/pressure load... -uterine arteries in prego... -pulm…
27 terms
Chp. 18 Veins and Lymphatics
allen test
ankle brachial index
arterial ulcer
atrophy
a test performed to assess the patency of the collateral circ…
a measure of the approximate degree of arterial occlusion in…
a wound that results from decreased blood supply
reduction in muscle size that may result from arterial disease
allen test
a test performed to assess the patency of the collateral circ…
ankle brachial index
a measure of the approximate degree of arterial occlusion in…
9 terms
Path: Veins and lymphatics
What is a large role on venules?
Characteristics of media of venules
Thickest layer of muscular veins
What is the size of the media in muscu…
-leukocyte extravasion
one incomplete layer of smooth muscle cells
adventitia
2-5 layers
What is a large role on venules?
-leukocyte extravasion
Characteristics of media of venules
one incomplete layer of smooth muscle cells
CVR 31- veins & lymphatics
Small vs large veins?
vein funct?
venous innervation?
effect of gravity on venous rtn?
Small:0.5mm internal diameter; 0.5mm wall thickness... - less el…
- rtn blood to heart... - capacitance (storage of blood- like re…
sympathetic constrictor Ns- affect venous rtn , cardiac outpu…
when standing: SVC rtn favoured; IVC rtn impeded therefore in…
Small vs large veins?
Small:0.5mm internal diameter; 0.5mm wall thickness... - less el…
vein funct?
- rtn blood to heart... - capacitance (storage of blood- like re…
18 terms
Capillaries, Veins, Lymphatics
Intercellular cleft
Concentration gradient
Transcytosis
Starling forces
fluid filled channel or pore in capillary... -allows water solub…
Oxygen & glucose are constantly metabolized by cells... -Cells c…
process by which plasma proteins enter interstitial fluid... -Ve…
forces that move protein free fluid across the capillary wall
Intercellular cleft
fluid filled channel or pore in capillary... -allows water solub…
Concentration gradient
Oxygen & glucose are constantly metabolized by cells... -Cells c…
The Vasculature- Microcirculation, lymphatics, & veins
Microcirculation Components
Phasic contraction & relation of arter…
Metarterioles & Precapillary sphincters
Capillaries structure
precapillary arteriole, capillary (exchange vessels), venule,…
controls capillary flow
local tissue conditions affect contraction
endothelium & basal lamina... no tunica media... pericytes, thin ad…
Microcirculation Components
precapillary arteriole, capillary (exchange vessels), venule,…
Phasic contraction & relation of arter…
controls capillary flow
58 terms
Physiology: Arteries, Veins, Lymphatics
Endothelial cells
Aorta and artery resistance
Where does resistance increase?
Systolic pressure (SP)
Line the entire vascular system and capillaries are only made…
Is low to due large radius and these act aas conduits to move…
In the arterioles and capillaries
The maximum pressure achieved during systole (referring to pr…
Endothelial cells
Line the entire vascular system and capillaries are only made…
Aorta and artery resistance
Is low to due large radius and these act aas conduits to move…
FOREARM [Veins and Lymphatics]
How do the deep veins acompany the art…
The veins ..... the forearm but bring…
Most of the blood from the palm of the…
From the .... side of the superficial…
By dual venae comitantes which anastomose freely which each o…
1) drain ... 2) relatively little blood... 3) hand
A superficial venous network on the dorsum
1) radial side... 2) cephalic vein ... 3) roof of the anatomical sn…
How do the deep veins acompany the art…
By dual venae comitantes which anastomose freely which each o…
The veins ..... the forearm but bring…
1) drain ... 2) relatively little blood... 3) hand
30 terms
Capillaries, veins and lymphatics
What are the dimensions of a capillary?
How do capillaries grow?
What are metarterioles?
Why does velocity of blood decrease in…
1mm X 8micrometres. 40,000km in total
Angiogenesis
Connect arterioles to veins and contain precapillary sphincters
Sum of the cross-sectional area increases
What are the dimensions of a capillary?
1mm X 8micrometres. 40,000km in total
How do capillaries grow?
Angiogenesis
30 terms
arteries, veins and lymphatics
What are the 3 layers of blood vessel…
What are the 3 parts of the tunica int…
What type of endothelium lines the tun…
What is the subendothelium of the tuni…
Tunica intima (inner), Tunica Media, Tunica Adventitia (outer)
Endothelium, subendothelium, Internal elastic lamina
simple squamous
loose FCT
What are the 3 layers of blood vessel…
Tunica intima (inner), Tunica Media, Tunica Adventitia (outer)
What are the 3 parts of the tunica int…
Endothelium, subendothelium, Internal elastic lamina
23 terms
Veins and Lymphatics - Path
What is Raynaud's Phenomenon?
What causes primary Raynaud phenomenom?
Primary Ranynaud's is usually benign w…
What is the cause of secondary Raynaud…
exaggerated vasoconstriction of digital arteries and arteriol…
exaggerated central and local vasomotor responses to cold or…
- intimal thickening in arteries... - atrophy of skin, subq tiss…
arterial insufficiency due to ARTERIAL DISEASE caused by :…
What is Raynaud's Phenomenon?
exaggerated vasoconstriction of digital arteries and arteriol…
What causes primary Raynaud phenomenom?
exaggerated central and local vasomotor responses to cold or…
Veins and Lymphatics of Gluteal and Thigh
Superior Gluteal Vein... -Drain to:
Inferior Gluteal Vein... -Drain to:
Internal Pudendal Vein... -Drain to:
Deep Lymphatic Drainage of Gluteal and…
Internal Iliac Vein... Some to External Iliac from Posterior Thi…
Internal Iliac Vein... Some to External Iliac from Posterior Thi…
Internal Iliac Vein... Some to External Iliac from Posterior Thi…
Follows Gluteal Vessels to Gluteal Lymph Nodes ... Follows chain…
Superior Gluteal Vein... -Drain to:
Internal Iliac Vein... Some to External Iliac from Posterior Thi…
Inferior Gluteal Vein... -Drain to:
Internal Iliac Vein... Some to External Iliac from Posterior Thi…
21 terms
Arteries, Veins, & Lymphatics of the Arm
Subclavian a.
Axillary a.
Brachial a.
Radial a. & Ulnar a.
Arch of Aorta (Left); Brachiocephalic Trunk (Right)... Axillary a.
Subclavian a.... Brachial a.
Axillary a.... Radial a. & Ulnar a.
Brachial a.... Superficial Palmar arch & Deep Palmar arch
Subclavian a.
Arch of Aorta (Left); Brachiocephalic Trunk (Right)... Axillary a.
Axillary a.
Subclavian a.... Brachial a.
14 terms
veins, arteries, and lymphatic system
ligamentum venosum
carry oxygenated blood
ventricular systole
Cellular immunity
What does the ductus venosus become after birth?
What is unusual about umbilical veins?
What does the 1st sound of Karotkoff represent?
Cytotoxic "killer" T cell lymphocytes are involved in _______…
ligamentum venosum
What does the ductus venosus become after birth?
carry oxygenated blood
What is unusual about umbilical veins?
6 terms
Lecture 10.2: Veins and Lymphatics
Veins and Lymphatics
Wall of vein
Compare veins and arteries
Arterioles
Very thin tunica intima... • Tunica media: Less muscle than in a…
Tunica intima (very thin)... • Tunica media (less muscle)... Wall o…
artery = smaller lumen; nice and round... - thicket layer is the…
Intima: Endothelium and a bit of CT ... tunica media: only 1 or…
Veins and Lymphatics
Very thin tunica intima... • Tunica media: Less muscle than in a…
Wall of vein
Tunica intima (very thin)... • Tunica media (less muscle)... Wall o…
32 terms
E3 Veins and lymphatics
Blood flow from the systemic capillari…
The driving force for blood flow from…
Resistance to flow is ______ and this…
The veins also store as a ___________…
systemic veins
pressure gradient
low
storage function, vasoconstriction
Blood flow from the systemic capillari…
systemic veins
The driving force for blood flow from…
pressure gradient
Veins, arteries, and lymphatic structures
Ascending aorta
brachiocephalic trunk
right common carotid
right subclavian
Ascending aorta
brachiocephalic trunk
14 terms
7. Veins & Lymphatics
what is the driving force for blood fl…
what is the pressure gradient between…
what can alter venous smooth muscle?
what is the result of sympathetic nerv…
pressure gradient between the peripheral veins and the right…
5-10 mmHg
sympathetic nerve activity
vasoconstriction
what is the driving force for blood fl…
pressure gradient between the peripheral veins and the right…
what is the pressure gradient between…
5-10 mmHg
15 terms
Capillaries Veins and Lymphatics
What are the dimensions of a capillary?
How do capillaries grow?
What are metarterioles?
Why does velocity of blood decrease in…
1mm X 8micrometres. 40,000km in total
Angiogenesis
Connect arterioles to veins and contain precapillary sphincters
Sum of the cross-sectional area increases
What are the dimensions of a capillary?
1mm X 8micrometres. 40,000km in total
How do capillaries grow?
Angiogenesis
capillaries arteries veins and lymphatics
the make up of continous capillaries
the makeup of fenestrated capillaries
sinusoid capillaries
percapillary sphincter
vesicles intercellular cleft basement membrane
vesicles pores and basement membrane
very large pores
smooth muscles which contract to stop shunt blood away from c…
the make up of continous capillaries
vesicles intercellular cleft basement membrane
the makeup of fenestrated capillaries
vesicles pores and basement membrane
17 terms
Arteries/Veins/Lymphatic Histology
ascending aorta
aortic arch
thoracic aorta
abdominal aorta
ascending aorta
aortic arch
12 terms
Veins and lymphatics of the upper limb
From what 2 veins is the axillary vein…
What vein does it form at the inferior…
What are the 2 main superficial veins…
Where do the cephalic and basilic vein…
Brachial and basilic veins... The inferior border of teres major
Subclavian vein
Basilic vein and the cephalic vein
The dorsal venous network of the hand
From what 2 veins is the axillary vein…
Brachial and basilic veins... The inferior border of teres major
What vein does it form at the inferior…
Subclavian vein
5 terms
Veins and lymphatics of the heart
Where do the veins of the heart drain…
In what groove does the coronary sinus…
What veins drain into the coronary sin…
Where do lymphatic vessels in the myoc…
The coronary sinus
The coronary sulcus
The great cardiac vein, the middle and small cardiac veins, l…
Subepicardial lymphatic plexuses... It travels in the coronary s…
Where do the veins of the heart drain…
The coronary sinus
In what groove does the coronary sinus…
The coronary sulcus
54 terms
veins/fetal/lymphatic
...veins
..veins
The adventitia
adventitia
Some have valves
are less elastic then arteries
the tunica externa is also
irregular connective tissue covering of an artery
...veins
Some have valves
..veins
are less elastic then arteries
25 terms
Capillaries, Veins, Lymphatic System
capillaries
capillaries
precapillary sphincters
local control factors
slow flow, thin walled, 'just right flow and pressure' for mo…
have thing walls, single layer of flattened endothelial cells…
(cuff-like) open when muscle relaxed, sensitive to surroundin…
exchange of O2 and CO2, metabolites, relaxation and constrict…
capillaries
slow flow, thin walled, 'just right flow and pressure' for mo…
capillaries
have thing walls, single layer of flattened endothelial cells…
7 terms
Lec. 18: Capillaries, veins and lymphatics
Describe how the structure of a capill…
Describe the function of precapillary…
Describe the relationship between bloo…
Explain how each of the Starling's for…
Exchange between plasma and interstitial fluid, leaky junctio…
Precapillary sphincters can close off capillaries in response…
Blood flow is the slowest in the capillaries because it has t…
Filtration: fluid movement out of the capillaries, caused b…
Describe how the structure of a capill…
Exchange between plasma and interstitial fluid, leaky junctio…
Describe the function of precapillary…
Precapillary sphincters can close off capillaries in response…
Fascia, Veins, Lymphatic and Cutaneous
Superficial fasica
Superficial fasica continuous with
Knee
Fascia lata
fat, cutaneous nerves, superficial veins: great + small saphe…
inferior part of anterolateral abdominal wall + buttock
ubcutaneous tissue loses its fat - blends with deep fascia
binds all muscle. Encloses large thigh muscles
Superficial fasica
fat, cutaneous nerves, superficial veins: great + small saphe…
Superficial fasica continuous with
inferior part of anterolateral abdominal wall + buttock
25 terms
Capillaries, Veins, Lymphatic System
capillaries
capillaries
precapillary sphincters
local control factors
slow flow, thin walled, 'just right flow and pressure' for mo…
have thing walls, single layer of flattened endothelial cells…
(cuff-like) open when muscle relaxed, sensitive to surroundin…
exchange of O2 and CO2, metabolites, relaxation and constrict…
capillaries
slow flow, thin walled, 'just right flow and pressure' for mo…
capillaries
have thing walls, single layer of flattened endothelial cells…
thoracic limb (arteries, veins, lymphatics)
deep venous system
dorsal common digital arteries
dorsal metacarpal arteries
palmar common digital arteries
formed by the tributaries of the axillary vein... same names/pat…
superficial arteries of the dorsal surface of the forepaw (me…
deep arteries of the dorsal surface of the forepaw (metacarpal)
1. superficial arteries of the palmar surface of the forepaw…
deep venous system
formed by the tributaries of the axillary vein... same names/pat…
dorsal common digital arteries
superficial arteries of the dorsal surface of the forepaw (me…
Vein Anatomy/Lymphatic Anatomy
Superior Vena Cava
Superior Vena Cava
Blood superior to the diaphragm
Brachiocephalic Vein
Where does the Superior vena cava drain from?
Superior Vena Cava
Superior Vena Cava
Veins, Lymphatic Vessels and Heart
What are 3 types of venules?
What are 2 histological similarities b…
What is a histological difference betw…
How could you differentiate capillarie…
1. Postcapillary venules... 2. Collecting Venules ... 3. Muscular V…
- both only have one layer of endothelia cells ... - neither hav…
- postcapillary venules have larger diameter
- the latter have smooth muscle fibres and layers or tissue
What are 3 types of venules?
1. Postcapillary venules... 2. Collecting Venules ... 3. Muscular V…
What are 2 histological similarities b…
- both only have one layer of endothelia cells ... - neither hav…
47 terms
Veins and Lymphatic System
lymphatic system
lymph
lymph nodes
lymphoid organs and tissues
returns fluids and leaked plasma proteins leaked from blood v…
interstitial fluid that has entered the lymphatics
cleanse lymph before it returns to the blood; principal secon…
provide structural basis of immune system by housing phagocyt…
lymphatic system
returns fluids and leaked plasma proteins leaked from blood v…
lymph
interstitial fluid that has entered the lymphatics
Arteries, veins, innervation, and lymphatics system
Dorsal branch of thoracic spinal nerves
Ventral branch (intercostal n) of thor…
Arterial blood supply of thoracic wall…
Arterial blood supply of thoracic wall…
medial branch and lateral (lateral cuteneous branch) branch
lateral and ventral cutaneous branch
From dorsal aorta and costocervical trunk, which give off bra…
From internal thoracic a, which gives off branches call ventr…
Dorsal branch of thoracic spinal nerves
medial branch and lateral (lateral cuteneous branch) branch
Ventral branch (intercostal n) of thor…
lateral and ventral cutaneous branch
136 terms
blood vessels, arteries and veins and lymphatic
tunica intima
tunica media
tunica externa
valve
1
2
3
4
tunica intima
1
tunica media
2
72 terms
Week 2 Arteries, Veins and Lymphatics
subclavian artery
Transverse (superficial) cervical arte…
Transverse (superficial) cervical arte…
Suprascapular artery (subclavian)
...
which 2 arteries make up the thyrocervical trunk?
...
...
subclavian artery
...
Transverse (superficial) cervical arte…
which 2 arteries make up the thyrocervical trunk?
Veins and Lymphatics, Control for Arterial Pressure
Skeletal Muscle Pump
Respiratory Pump
Stretch receptors
Mean Arterial Pressure
When the movement of muscles pushes blood back to the heart
Inspiration causes thorax and abdominal pressure changes and…
activates lymph system contraction
major cardio variable
Skeletal Muscle Pump
When the movement of muscles pushes blood back to the heart
Respiratory Pump
Inspiration causes thorax and abdominal pressure changes and…
52 terms
Ex. 5 Veins and Lymphatic system: Veins
Superior vena cava
Azygos Vein
Azygos vein
Hemiazygos Vein
Can be seen on the posterior side. is located on the Right side
(C?) Seen on the posterior side. Located on the left side
Superior vena cava
Azygos Vein
Can be seen on the posterior side. is located on the Right side
48 terms
Vein & Lymphatic Exam
Superior Vena Cava
Brachiocephalic Vein
Subclavian Vein
Internal Jugular Vein
Superior Vena Cava
Brachiocephalic Vein
Block 2 Microcirculation, Veins, and Lymphatics
What is special of the capillary circu…
What are features of the smooth muscle…
What are the final branches prior to c…
What are thoroughfare channels?
1) largest cross-sectional area of the vasculature... 2) slowest…
It becomes more dominant as the vessels get smaller. It varie…
Terminal arterioles AKA metarterioles... Single layer ... As smal…
Channels that could channel blood from arteriole to venule if…
What is special of the capillary circu…
1) largest cross-sectional area of the vasculature... 2) slowest…
What are features of the smooth muscle…
It becomes more dominant as the vessels get smaller. It varie…
29 terms
Veins, Fetal Circulation and Lymphatic System
Veins are less muscular so they need
Arterial Wall
Venous Wall
Basic Blood Flow
Valves to prevent backflow of blood
Thicker and has elastic... Tunica externa... Large Tunica media... Tun…
Thinner... Tunica externa... Small tunica media= smooth muscle... tuni…
Artery > arteriole > capillary> venule > vein
Veins are less muscular so they need
Valves to prevent backflow of blood
Arterial Wall
Thicker and has elastic... Tunica externa... Large Tunica media... Tun…
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