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Study sets matching "veins vascular"

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Study sets matching "veins vascular"

50 terms
Vascular LE Veins
The deep system carries _____ % of lim…
Deep veins have an ______ artery, and…
T or F: Superficial veins have an adja…
T or F: Veins have a bifurcation
85%
Adjacent, paired
False
False, they confluence
The deep system carries _____ % of lim…
85%
Deep veins have an ______ artery, and…
Adjacent, paired
35 terms
Vascular (veins)
Virchow's triad
Venous Stasis
Venous endothelial injury (wall injury)
Examples of wall injury
Descriptions of risk factors for venus desease. ... Stasis, Vein…
Non-moving blood tends to clot.... * immobilization... * surgery/an…
Damage to the vein wall can form a nidus for the formation of…
Trauma... Surgery... previous DVT... Venous catheter/pacemakers wire.
Virchow's triad
Descriptions of risk factors for venus desease. ... Stasis, Vein…
Venous Stasis
Non-moving blood tends to clot.... * immobilization... * surgery/an…
24 terms
Vascular system: veins
internal jugular vein
external jugular vein
subclavian vein
brachiocephalic vein
internal jugular vein
external jugular vein
13 terms
Vascular System- Veins
Internal Jugular Vein
External Jugular vein
What does the facial vein drain into?
Facial veins include
drains the brain as well as most of the other tissues of the…
drains only a small part of the head and neck
the internal jugular vein
1. Supraorbital vein- anastomoses with ophthalmic veins (fata…
Internal Jugular Vein
drains the brain as well as most of the other tissues of the…
External Jugular vein
drains only a small part of the head and neck
48 terms
Veins + Vascular Tumors
Brawy induration
most important risk factor for DVT?
what is migratory thrombophlebitis or…
what's the homan sign?
hardening of the skin - clinical feature of varicose veins
prolonged immobilization
when venous thrombosis classically appears in one location an…
pain elicited by squeezing the calf muscle or dorsiflex the f…
Brawy induration
hardening of the skin - clinical feature of varicose veins
most important risk factor for DVT?
prolonged immobilization
72 terms
Vascular (Veins) Quiz (6)
What is the blood vessel that distribu…
this is a blood vessel that conveys bl…
Which artery wall is responsible for v…
This layer of the artery is composed m…
Arteries
Veins
Tunica Media
Tunica Externa
What is the blood vessel that distribu…
Arteries
this is a blood vessel that conveys bl…
Veins
32 terms
Vascular System; Veins
Venous drainage of the head and neck
Facial vein
important tributaries of facial vein
Lingual veins
-start out as small venules and become larger as they near ba…
-receives branches from same areas of face supplied by facial…
-superior labial vein drains upper lip... -inferior labial vein…
-dorsal lingual veins (drains dorsal surface of tongue)... -deep…
Venous drainage of the head and neck
-start out as small venules and become larger as they near ba…
Facial vein
-receives branches from same areas of face supplied by facial…
63 terms
Vascular System- Veins
Veins of the head and neck start out a…
Veins are (larger/smaller) and (more/l…
The __________ jugular vein drains the…
The _____________ jugular vein drains…
venules
larger... more
internal
external
Veins of the head and neck start out a…
venules
Veins are (larger/smaller) and (more/l…
larger... more
50 terms
Vascular terms for veins
Paired Peroneal Veins
Paired Posterior Tibial Veins
Paired Anterior Tibial Veins
Pop Vein
Formed by the confluence of venules... Empties Lateral leg... Car…
Formed by confluence of venules... Empties back of leg... Carries…
Formed by confluence of venules... Empties front of leg
Formed by union of ATV and Tib-peroneal trunk... Usually just b…
Paired Peroneal Veins
Formed by the confluence of venules... Empties Lateral leg... Car…
Paired Posterior Tibial Veins
Formed by confluence of venules... Empties back of leg... Carries…
12 terms
Anatomy, Veins & Vascular Lesions
Veins are normally more________than ar…
There are___main veins on each side of…
Jugulosubclavian angle
_____ and _____ _____ keep blood flowi…
Anerior
3
Where the subclavian v meets the internal jugular v.
Valves and muscular activity
Veins are normally more________than ar…
Anerior
There are___main veins on each side of…
3
19 terms
Vascular system- veins
Veins
facial vein
Supraorbital vein
branches that join facial vein
Larger in diameter than Arteries (in same area), Thinner wall…
Drains: Lips, Tongue, Chin, Floor of mouth, Orbit... Drains into…
has anastomosis with the Ophthalmic vein... drains orbit... May bec…
superior labial vein... inferior labial vein... submental vein... opth…
Veins
Larger in diameter than Arteries (in same area), Thinner wall…
facial vein
Drains: Lips, Tongue, Chin, Floor of mouth, Orbit... Drains into…
Vascular system veins
What vein drains the brain as well as…
What vein drains only a small part of…
Which two veins are at anastomosis wit…
Formed by the merger of the maxillary…
Internal Jugular Vein
External Jugular Vein
Supraorbital Vein and Ophthalmic Vein
Retromandibular Vein
What vein drains the brain as well as…
Internal Jugular Vein
What vein drains only a small part of…
External Jugular Vein
19 terms
Vascular Disorders (arteries and veins)
arteries
blood pressure basics
blood pressure basics... continued....
blood pressure basics... Nervous system c…
HT- disease of arteries... aneurysm... PVD... underlying issues athero…
arterial pressure when ventricles contract... -systolic: L ventr…
-BP regulation... *blood volume: how much is in vasculature, ald…
-vasomotor center: command center for BP, dictates vessels to…
arteries
HT- disease of arteries... aneurysm... PVD... underlying issues athero…
blood pressure basics
arterial pressure when ventricles contract... -systolic: L ventr…
51 terms
Embryology- Vascular System (Veins)
Primordial veins
Source of umbilical veins
Job of umbilical veins
What do all primordial veins drain into?
Umbilical, Vitelline, & Cardinal veins
Chorion (primordial placenta)
Carry oxygenated & nutrient rich blood from mom to fetus- wil…
Sinus venosus
Primordial veins
Umbilical, Vitelline, & Cardinal veins
Source of umbilical veins
Chorion (primordial placenta)
72 terms
Vascular (Veins) Quiz (6)
What is the blood vessel that distribu…
this is a blood vessel that conveys bl…
Which artery wall is responsible for v…
This layer of the artery is composed m…
Arteries
Veins
Tunica Media
Tunica Externa
What is the blood vessel that distribu…
Arteries
this is a blood vessel that conveys bl…
Veins
19 terms
Vascular disorders (Veins)
Phlebitis
Venous thrombosis
Venous thromboembolism (VTE)
Three important factors in the etiolog…
inflammation of the walls of the small, cannulated veins of t…
the formation of a thrombus (clot) in association with inflam…
pathology from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) to pulmonary embolu…
(1) venous stasis, (2) damage of the endothelium, and (3) hyp…
Phlebitis
inflammation of the walls of the small, cannulated veins of t…
Venous thrombosis
the formation of a thrombus (clot) in association with inflam…
24 terms
Diseases of the Arteries and Veins - Vascular
cardiovascular (system)
arteriosclerosis
scler
Monckeberg sclerosis
system that includes heart, vessels, and blood
-chronic disease of the arteries with abnormal thickening and…
hardened
-non-inflammatory, degenerative... -calcification of the tunica…
cardiovascular (system)
system that includes heart, vessels, and blood
arteriosclerosis
-chronic disease of the arteries with abnormal thickening and…
26 terms
Vascular Distensibility: in Arteries and Veins
Vascular Distensibility: Benefits
Vascular Distensibility: Calculation
Distensibility of systemic veins versu…
Vascular Compliance
PREVENTS WEAR AND TEAR... Allows vasodilation ... decreases resista…
ΔVol ... Vorig x ΔP... Or increase in volume/original volume X in…
Systemic veins are about 8 times more distensibile than syste…
The volume change in response to a pressure change (ΔVol / ΔP).
Vascular Distensibility: Benefits
PREVENTS WEAR AND TEAR... Allows vasodilation ... decreases resista…
Vascular Distensibility: Calculation
ΔVol ... Vorig x ΔP... Or increase in volume/original volume X in…
12 terms
Vascular - Vein/Valves
GSV
soleal sinuses
calf veins (tibial veins)
SFV
10 - 12
0
9 - 12 each
1 - 3
GSV
10 - 12
soleal sinuses
0
11 terms
Fate of Cardinal Veins -Vascular Embryology
Anastomosis between anterior cardinal…
Terminal portion of left posterior car…
Right common cardinal vein and proxima…
Anterior cardinal veins
Left brachiocephalic vein
Left superior intercostal vein
Superior vena cava
Internal jugular veins
Anastomosis between anterior cardinal…
Left brachiocephalic vein
Terminal portion of left posterior car…
Left superior intercostal vein
30 terms
Vascular Distensibility in arteries and veins (Mattocks)
what are the benefits of Vascular Dist…
how is vascular distensibility calcula…
how much more distensible are systemic…
what is vascular compliance?
1-allows vasodilation(decreases resistance and increases flow…
(change in volume)/(original volume* increase in pressure)
8X
volume change in response to pressure change (change in volum…
what are the benefits of Vascular Dist…
1-allows vasodilation(decreases resistance and increases flow…
how is vascular distensibility calcula…
(change in volume)/(original volume* increase in pressure)
29 terms
Patho - Vascular disorders - Veins and Vascular Neoplasias
Varicose Veins
Etiology of Varicose Vein
Who presents with Varicose Veins
Sites of Varicose Veins
dilation in venous structure
increased intraluminal pressure, dilation causes the valves t…
Women more than men, obesity plays a role and there is famili…
Legs, Rectum/Anus, Esophagus, Scrotum
Varicose Veins
dilation in venous structure
Etiology of Varicose Vein
increased intraluminal pressure, dilation causes the valves t…
57 terms
Vascular Disorders Affecting the Arteries & Veins
Arteriosclerosis Definition
Atherosclerosis Definition
Arteriosclerosis/Atherosclerosis Etiol…
Arteriosclerosis/Atherosclerosis Signs…
-thickening and hardening of smaller arteries leading to loss…
-MC type, differentiated by presence of plaque lesions formin…
-injury to artery's endothelium... -immunologic/inflammatory cha…
-asymptomatic until arteries obstructed then symptoms related…
Arteriosclerosis Definition
-thickening and hardening of smaller arteries leading to loss…
Atherosclerosis Definition
-MC type, differentiated by presence of plaque lesions formin…
10 terms
varicose veins and peripheral vascular disease
varicose vein
risk factors for varicose veins
cause of varicose vein
chronic insufficiency
blood has pooled causing distention; palpable
female, family hx, obesity, pregnancy, DVT's, leg injury, sta…
trauma to vein (often saphenous vein) damaging 1 or more valv…
venous HTN, circulatory stasis and tissue hypoxia lead to inf…
varicose vein
blood has pooled causing distention; palpable
risk factors for varicose veins
female, family hx, obesity, pregnancy, DVT's, leg injury, sta…
48 terms
Patho Vascular Disorders (HTN & Veins)
Systolic Pressure (SBP)
Diastolic Pressure (DBP)
Pulse Pressure (PP)
Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP)
Force/pressure exerted when left ventricle contracts
Force/pressure when heart is at rest
Difference between systolic/diastolic pressures SBP-DBP=PP
Average of the pressure in the arteries; used as a quick meas…
Systolic Pressure (SBP)
Force/pressure exerted when left ventricle contracts
Diastolic Pressure (DBP)
Force/pressure when heart is at rest
27 terms
Path: Vascular Disorders, Arteries and Veins
List the three vascular congenital ano…
Describe berry aneurysms. Clinical sig?
Describe AV fistulas. Clinical sig?
Describe fibromuscular dysplasia. Clin…
Developmental/berry aneurysms ... AV fistulas ... Fibromuscular dys…
Small (sometimes large) spherical dilations in cerebral vesse…
Small, direct connections between arteries and veins that byp…
Focal, irregular thickening of medium and large arteries (ren…
List the three vascular congenital ano…
Developmental/berry aneurysms ... AV fistulas ... Fibromuscular dys…
Describe berry aneurysms. Clinical sig?
Small (sometimes large) spherical dilations in cerebral vesse…
28 terms
Vascular: Image Characteristics Normal Veins (Test 3)
normal vein wall
thickening of wall is suggestive of
filling defect in color flow is sugges…
valves permit only what direction of f…
interior surface is smooth, wall is thin and cannot be seen,
pathology
thrombus
cephalad
normal vein wall
interior surface is smooth, wall is thin and cannot be seen,
thickening of wall is suggestive of
pathology
18 terms
Vascular system- lower body arteries and veins
abdominal aorta
internal iliac artery
external iliac artery
femoral artery
abdominal aorta
internal iliac artery
32 terms
Vascular System (upper body arteries and veins)
Between -30 and +90 degrees
additional electrical forces move to t…
additional forces moving to the right…
tunica externa... outermost layer, **coll…
Normal Values (electrical axis of the heart)
Left Axis deviation
right axis deviation
ex: A
Between -30 and +90 degrees
Normal Values (electrical axis of the heart)
additional electrical forces move to t…
Left Axis deviation
28 terms
Vascular: Image Characteristics Normal Veins (Test 3)
normal vein wall
thickening of wall is suggestive of
filling defect in color flow is sugges…
valves permit only what direction of f…
interior surface is smooth, wall is thin and cannot be seen,
pathology
thrombus
cephalad
normal vein wall
interior surface is smooth, wall is thin and cannot be seen,
thickening of wall is suggestive of
pathology
18 terms
Vascular system- lower body arteries and veins
abdominal aorta
internal iliac artery
external iliac artery
femoral artery
abdominal aorta
internal iliac artery
38 terms
Veins, Lymphatics and Vascular Tumors (CV3)
What is the cause of varicose veins?
Which veins in the body are preferenti…
Why are varicose veins not likely to c…
What is the underlying cause of esopha…
increased intraluminal pressure
superficial leg veins... -- due to dependent posture increasing…
varicosities are found in superficial veins; even though ther…
portal vein hypertension
What is the cause of varicose veins?
increased intraluminal pressure
Which veins in the body are preferenti…
superficial leg veins... -- due to dependent posture increasing…
50 terms
Vascular terms for veins (copy CH 24)
Paired Peroneal Veins
Paired Posterior Tibial Veins
Paired Anterior Tibial Veins
Pop Vein
Formed by the confluence of venules... Empties Lateral leg... Car…
Formed by confluence of venules... Empties back of leg... Carries…
Formed by confluence of venules... Empties front of leg
Formed by union of ATV and Tib-peroneal trunk... Usually just b…
Paired Peroneal Veins
Formed by the confluence of venules... Empties Lateral leg... Car…
Paired Posterior Tibial Veins
Formed by confluence of venules... Empties back of leg... Carries…
13 terms
Vascular System - Net Filtration Pressure and Veins
NFP Formula
Arterial end of capillary
Venule end of capillary
Edema occurs
HPc - OPc
HPC > OPC ... Fluid leaves capillary bed
HPC < OPC ... Fluid returns to capillary bed
Filtration exceeds reabsorption
NFP Formula
HPc - OPc
Arterial end of capillary
HPC > OPC ... Fluid leaves capillary bed
166 terms
Vascular Components-Veins/Arteries/Aorta/Iliac Arteries (Quiz 1)
____ carry blood that is rich in *nutr…
____ return the *deoxygenated blood wi…
Where does the exchange of oxygen, nut…
What are the three layers of cells wit…
Arteries
Veins
Capillaries
Tunica Intima... Tunica Media... Tunica Adventitia
____ carry blood that is rich in *nutr…
Arteries
____ return the *deoxygenated blood wi…
Veins
33 terms
CLIN 510: Vascular Distensibility in Arteries and Veins
Benefits of vascular distensibility
How does distensibility of the vascula…
Vascular distensibility calculation
True or false: systemic veins are less…
Allows vasodilation... Accommodates pulsatile output of the hear…
decreases resistance... increases local blood flow
vascular distensibility = change in volume/(original volume x…
False! systemic veins are about 8 times more distensible than…
Benefits of vascular distensibility
Allows vasodilation... Accommodates pulsatile output of the hear…
How does distensibility of the vascula…
decreases resistance... increases local blood flow
20 terms
Peripheral Vascular Disease and Deep Vein Thrombosis
Causes of PVD
Stages of chronic lower limb ischaemia
Risk factors of PVD
ABPI (ankle brachial pressure index)
- Most common is atherosclerosis (usually occlusive thrombus…
Progresses from stage 1 ==> 4. One is asymptomatic, two is cl…
Same as risk factors for atherosclerosis:... smoking, high chol…
-Compare the pressure at which flow is detectable via Doppler…
Causes of PVD
- Most common is atherosclerosis (usually occlusive thrombus…
Stages of chronic lower limb ischaemia
Progresses from stage 1 ==> 4. One is asymptomatic, two is cl…
86 terms
heart terms/vascular Blood vessels: arteries/veins; blood, lymph
Gonadal artery/vein
renal artery/vein
renal artery/ vein
adrenal "suprarenal" artery/vein
Gonadal artery/vein
renal artery/vein
8 terms
Peripheral vascular Jugular vein stuff ppt
JVP is used to measure
internal jugular veins lie below what…
what is the sternal angle? what's anot…
the JVP is measure from
pressure of right side of heart
sternocleidomastoid
angle of louis, is the horizontal ridge which joins the manub…
observations of pulsations in internal jugular vein in neck…
JVP is used to measure
pressure of right side of heart
internal jugular veins lie below what…
sternocleidomastoid
31 terms
Practical 2- Vascular System (upper body arteries and veins)
Normal Values (electrical axis of the…
Left Axis deviation
right axis deviation
tunica externa
Between -30 and +90 degrees
additional electrical forces move to the left... causes:... hyperte…
additional forces moving to the right... causes:... COPD, pulmonary…
outermost layer, **collagen fibers... ex: A
Normal Values (electrical axis of the…
Between -30 and +90 degrees
Left Axis deviation
additional electrical forces move to the left... causes:... hyperte…
40 terms
PHA326 Exam 2 Non-coronary Vascular Cond. in Veins
blockages that occur in venous system;…
types of venous thromboembolism
risk factors for venous thromboembolism
strongest known risk factor for recurr…
venous thromboembolism (VTE)
-deep vein thrombosis... -pulmonary embolism
-age... **history of VTE**... -venous stasis... -vascular injury... -dr…
history of VTE
blockages that occur in venous system;…
venous thromboembolism (VTE)
types of venous thromboembolism
-deep vein thrombosis... -pulmonary embolism
22 terms
Module 3 Physical Assessment: Vascular System & Peripheral Arteries & Veins
When inspecting the heart
S1
S2
_____ has a higher pitch than _____ an…
inspection, palpation, auscultation (in that order)
atrioventricular (AV) valve closes when sufficiently filled;…
semilunar valves close; "dub"sound
S2; S1
When inspecting the heart
inspection, palpation, auscultation (in that order)
S1
atrioventricular (AV) valve closes when sufficiently filled;…
38 terms
Lecture 23 (Vascular System: Capillaries and Veins, 10/24)
What is the main function of capillari…
What factors can enhance diffusion acr…
What is the velocity of blood flow thr…
What is the blood flow rate at each po…
To provide an ideal place for exchange of materials
Diffusing molecules have only a short distance to travel betw…
Slow-- think lake/river metaphor
Constant and equal to the cardiac output. Velocity of flow va…
What is the main function of capillari…
To provide an ideal place for exchange of materials
What factors can enhance diffusion acr…
Diffusing molecules have only a short distance to travel betw…
27 terms
A&P 2 Lab CardioVascular System: Major Veins, Arteries and
Pulmonary
Cornonary Arteries
Pulmonary Vein
Hepatic Vein
Circulation thats carries oxygen poor blood from the right ve…
Blood vessels that supply blood carrying oxygen and nutrients…
The vein that carries blood from the lungs to the heart. It i…
The vein that carries blood away (drains) from the liver.
Pulmonary
Circulation thats carries oxygen poor blood from the right ve…
Cornonary Arteries
Blood vessels that supply blood carrying oxygen and nutrients…
51 terms
HS2 - PATH - ARTERIES, VEINS, CAPILLARIES AND VASCULAR PATHOLOGY
Groups of blood vessels
What types of vessels leave the heart?
Blood passes into smaller vessels whic…
What kind of vessels are arterioles (l…
Conduction, distribution, resistance, exchange and capacitanc…
CONDUCTION - contain elastin so termed as elastic arteries
MUSCULAR - tone of this smooth muscle controls blood flow to…
RESISTANCE
Groups of blood vessels
Conduction, distribution, resistance, exchange and capacitanc…
What types of vessels leave the heart?
CONDUCTION - contain elastin so termed as elastic arteries
25 terms
Random questions and the vascular system (arteries, arterioles, capillaries, veins)
Why is the heart unable to generate te…
True or False: the descending part of…
What is responsible for the very broad…
The person sitting next to you breaks…
the long absolute refractory period... the period during and fo…
False... the entire QRS complex results from ventricular depola…
Ca²⁺ entry through the L-type Ca2+ channels keeps the membran…
Capillaries
Why is the heart unable to generate te…
the long absolute refractory period... the period during and fo…
True or False: the descending part of…
False... the entire QRS complex results from ventricular depola…
19 terms
Pathology; Arteries, Veins, Capillaries and Vascular Pathology. P13-15
What are the Layers of a Blood and Lym…
Vessels that are leaving the heart are…
All Arteries to the level of Arteriol…
An Arteriol is termed what? and what d…
Inner Layer- Tunica Intima... Middle Layer- Tunica Media... Outer L…
Conduction vessels or... Elastic Arteries (due to containing muc…
Dristributing vessels
Resistance Vessel.... Capillary bed
What are the Layers of a Blood and Lym…
Inner Layer- Tunica Intima... Middle Layer- Tunica Media... Outer L…
Vessels that are leaving the heart are…
Conduction vessels or... Elastic Arteries (due to containing muc…
50 terms
Peripheral Vascular Disease, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, Amputation
What is the Definition of Peripheral V…
What is the Primary Cause of PVD
What are the risk factors for PVD
What is the pathophysiology of PVD
Generic term or category for several disorders that involve d…
Atherosclerosis*... - any disorder that narrows, obstructs, or d…
- Diabetes ... - smoking ... - hypertension ... - obesity ... - elevated…
- Atherosclerosis starves tissues of oxygenated blood ... - coll…
What is the Definition of Peripheral V…
Generic term or category for several disorders that involve d…
What is the Primary Cause of PVD
Atherosclerosis*... - any disorder that narrows, obstructs, or d…
11 terms
H & N CH:6 VASCULAR SYSTEM EXAM PACKET (VEINS PG 3)(venous sinuses)
What does sinus mean?
ALL veins are bilateral except which o…
Are there MSA or ASA veins?
Where does the venous sinuses(veins) t…
Vein
Superior vena cava
No
Channels in dura matter
What does sinus mean?
Vein
ALL veins are bilateral except which o…
Superior vena cava
12 terms
H & N CH:6 VASCULAR SYSTEM EXAM PACKET (VEINS PG 3)(venous sinuses)
What does sinus mean?
ALL veins are bilateral except which o…
Are there MSA or ASA veins?
Where does the venous sinuses(veins) t…
BV inside brain/cranium; blood filled cavity between 2 layers…
Superior vena cava
No
-located in the meninges of the brain, specifically the chann…
What does sinus mean?
BV inside brain/cranium; blood filled cavity between 2 layers…
ALL veins are bilateral except which o…
Superior vena cava
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