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Study sets matching "vitamin b5"

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Study sets matching "vitamin b5"

44 terms
Vitamin B5
Name
First isolated by R.J. Williams
Structure determined
Essentially discovered
Pantothenic Acid
1931
1939
1954
Name
Pantothenic Acid
First isolated by R.J. Williams
1931
31 terms
B.5 Vitamins (Chemistry)
Nutrients
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Mineral
Molecules required to maintain health and bodily functions
Nutrients including protein, fat, carbohydrates, some mineral…
Nutrients including vitamins and some minerals, required in s…
Inorganic substance required by the body
Nutrients
Molecules required to maintain health and bodily functions
Macronutrients
Nutrients including protein, fat, carbohydrates, some mineral…
14 terms
Vitamin B5
Pantothenic Acid
Pantothenic Acid
Pantothenic Acid
Pantothenic Acid
As a coenzyme A and of acyl carrier protein, this plays as im…
The oxidation of keto acids and fatty acids.
Synthesis of porphyrin for hemoglobin formation
As acetyl CoA, the vitamin functions in the metabolism of Car…
Pantothenic Acid
As a coenzyme A and of acyl carrier protein, this plays as im…
Pantothenic Acid
The oxidation of keto acids and fatty acids.
9 terms
Vitamin B5
Vitamin B5 is also known as
B5 synthesis _____, ______ hormones an…
Al for male and female adults is
Vitamin B5 Major food sources
Pantothenic Acid
Cholesterol, steroid and neurotransmitters.
5mg/d
Spread is large variety of foods
Vitamin B5 is also known as
Pantothenic Acid
B5 synthesis _____, ______ hormones an…
Cholesterol, steroid and neurotransmitters.
Vitamin B5
Official name
Found in
1st main function
Function: promotes
Panothenic acid
All living tissue
Energy metabolism
Promotes growth
Official name
Panothenic acid
Found in
All living tissue
58 terms
5 Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12
Cyanocobalamin
Hydroxycobalamin
Coenezyme forms
Cobalamin
Artifact
Naturally occurring
- Fully reduced... - 5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin... - Methylcobalamin
Vitamin B12
Cobalamin
Cyanocobalamin
Artifact
21 terms
B.5 Vitamins
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Retinol
Carotenes
- Organic micronutrients that cannot be synthesised by the or…
- Includes structurally similar compounds: ... - Includes retino…
- Long chain alcohol with an extensive system of alternating…
- Longer conjugation systems up to 22 carbons ... - Efficient an…
Vitamins
- Organic micronutrients that cannot be synthesised by the or…
Vitamin A
- Includes structurally similar compounds: ... - Includes retino…
17 terms
Vitamin B5
Vitamin B5 is known as?
Who discovered Coenzyme A?
definition of pantos
_____+_____= Pantothenic acid
Pantothenic Acid
F. Lipman and Hans Krebs
everywhere
Pontiac acid + Beta-alanine
Vitamin B5 is known as?
Pantothenic Acid
Who discovered Coenzyme A?
F. Lipman and Hans Krebs
41 terms
Vitamin B5
Pantothenic Acid is also known as?
F. Lipman won the Nobel Prize for what?
What did Hans Krebs discover?
Pantothenic acid = _______ + _______
Vitamin B5
Discovery of Coenzyme A and its role in metabolism and acetyl…
The Krebs Cycle
Pantoic acid + beta-alanine
Pantothenic Acid is also known as?
Vitamin B5
F. Lipman won the Nobel Prize for what?
Discovery of Coenzyme A and its role in metabolism and acetyl…
17 terms
AHM Vitamin B5
What is the generic name for vitamin B5?
Where can B5 be found?
How is pantothenic acid destroyed?
Is vitamin B5 stable in solutions at a…
pantothenic acid
It is found in almost all plant and animal foods. Refining gr…
by heating and freezing
neutral
What is the generic name for vitamin B5?
pantothenic acid
Where can B5 be found?
It is found in almost all plant and animal foods. Refining gr…
16 terms
B Vitamins: 1-5
Vitamin B1: properties... 1. what causes…
Vitamin B1: function
Vitamin B1: sources
Vitamin B1: needs
Thiamin... 1. lost: as temp or pH rises... 2. heat stable in acid
Thiamin: ATP... 1. oxidation of CHO... 2. CHO increases need... 3. met…
1. grains... 2. wheat germ... 3. pork ... 4. liver
M 1.2 mg... F 1.1 mg
Vitamin B1: properties... 1. what causes…
Thiamin... 1. lost: as temp or pH rises... 2. heat stable in acid
Vitamin B1: function
Thiamin: ATP... 1. oxidation of CHO... 2. CHO increases need... 3. met…
12 terms
B.5 Vitamins
vitamins
classification of vitamins
1) water-soluble
2) fat soluble
- micronutrients ... - essential in small amounts ... - not synthes…
1) water-soluble ... 2) fat-soluble
- contain many polar groups to form hydrogen bonds with water…
- mostly polar ... - molecules contain long hydrocarbon chains…
vitamins
- micronutrients ... - essential in small amounts ... - not synthes…
classification of vitamins
1) water-soluble ... 2) fat-soluble
12 terms
B.5 Vitamins
Vitamins
Nutrient
Micronutrient
Water-soluble vitamins
organic micronutrients which (mostly) cannot be synthesized b…
molecule needed to maintain health
nutrient needed in mg or micro g per day... - includes vitamins…
- have polar bonds... - ability to form H-bonds with water... - Vit…
Vitamins
organic micronutrients which (mostly) cannot be synthesized b…
Nutrient
molecule needed to maintain health
10 terms
Vitamins-Pantothenic acid Vitamin B5
pantothenic acid
functional goup
function
deficiency
pantho - meaning everywhere, present in almost all plant and…
CoA
energy yielding metabolism, reactions involving carbs fat and…
rare due to abundance in the environment... when accompanied by…
pantothenic acid
pantho - meaning everywhere, present in almost all plant and…
functional goup
CoA
9 terms
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)
Properties
Metabolism
Roles in Metabolism
Food Sources
- forms portion of larger coenzyme... - active forms:... a) CoA (Co…
- all tissues can synthesize CoA from pantothenic acid.... - 4 A…
1. Energy production... 2. FA synthesis (ACP; malonyl CoA -> FA…
- widely distributed in all foods... - good sources = liver, mil…
Properties
- forms portion of larger coenzyme... - active forms:... a) CoA (Co…
Metabolism
- all tissues can synthesize CoA from pantothenic acid.... - 4 A…
11 terms
Pantothenic Acid Vitamin B5
Pantothenic Acid
Sources
Digestion
Coenzyme A (CoA)
-Almost all plant and animal foods. (Meat, egg yolk, legumes,…
Gastrointestinal tract - CoA bound form is hydrolyzed to pant…
Pantothenic Acid
Coenzyme A (CoA)
Sources
-Almost all plant and animal foods. (Meat, egg yolk, legumes,…
25 terms
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)
B5 is found as both __________ and ___…
Does B5 require digestion
CoA is __________________ in the GI tr…
T/F: Only free pantothenic acid is abs…
Free form... bound to CoA
YES
hydrolyzed
True
B5 is found as both __________ and ___…
Free form... bound to CoA
Does B5 require digestion
YES
25 terms
Vitamin B
Good morning my class
How are you today?
Today, I'm going to talk about "Vitami…
Let's start with the vocabulary
สวัสดีค่ะนักเรียนทุกคน
เป็นไงบ้างวันนี้
วันนี้ครูจะมาสอนเรื่อง วิตามินบี นะคะ
เรามาเริ่มที่คำศัพท์กันนะคะ
Good morning my class
สวัสดีค่ะนักเรียนทุกคน
How are you today?
เป็นไงบ้างวันนี้
12 terms
Pantothenic Acid/ Vitamin B5
what are some sources of pantothenic a…
what are some forms of pantothenic acid?
what is the site of absorption of pant…
through what two processes of ATP prod…
avocado, yogurt, corn
4-phosphopantetheine, coenzyme A(CoA), Acyl Carier Protein (A…
small intestine
glycolysis and krebs cycle
what are some sources of pantothenic a…
avocado, yogurt, corn
what are some forms of pantothenic acid?
4-phosphopantetheine, coenzyme A(CoA), Acyl Carier Protein (A…
13 terms
Vitamin B5-Pantothenic Acid
What does the greek root pantothen mean?
What two enzymes is Pantothenic Acid a…
What are the main food-sources of Pant…
What is the bioavailability of Pantoth…
"from everywhere"
Coenzyme A and Phosphopantetheine... --Both involved in FA/prote…
Whole-grain cereal, legumes, eggs, meat, avocado, yogurt
50% food ... 100% supplements
What does the greek root pantothen mean?
"from everywhere"
What two enzymes is Pantothenic Acid a…
Coenzyme A and Phosphopantetheine... --Both involved in FA/prote…
41 terms
UNIT 5: Folate and Vitamin B
Folate and Vitamin B12 are vitamins th…
The coenzyme form of folate is __.
Tetrahydrofolate typically is involved…
The main circulating form of folate is…
1. hematopoiesis
1. tetrahydrofolate
1. accepting and donating carbons one at a time
1. monoglutamate N5-FH4
Folate and Vitamin B12 are vitamins th…
1. hematopoiesis
The coenzyme form of folate is __.
1. tetrahydrofolate
12 terms
Water Soluble Vitamin- B3&B5
B3 Vitamin
b3 required for activation
B3 can be derived from?
Niacin deficiency symptoms:
Niacin
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) & nicotinamide adeni…
Tryptophan (however insufficient)& requires b1.b1&b6
glossitis of tongue, dermatitis, weight loss, diarrhea, depre…
B3 Vitamin
Niacin
b3 required for activation
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) & nicotinamide adeni…
8 terms
Vitamin B
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Niacin or Nicotinic Acid
Pantathenic acid
B1
Thiamine
B2
Riboflavin
12 terms
Vitamin B
B1 Thiamine
B2 Riboflavin
B3 Niacin
B5 Pantothenic Acid
Forms thiamine phosphate... Helps with glycolysis and TCA cycle…
Forms FMN and FAD... needed for TCA cycle and Electron Transport…
Forms NAD+ and NADP+... Coenzyme in oxidation/reduction rxns (py…
Makes Coenzyme A... essential for TCA cycle, fatty acid synthesi…
B1 Thiamine
Forms thiamine phosphate... Helps with glycolysis and TCA cycle…
B2 Riboflavin
Forms FMN and FAD... needed for TCA cycle and Electron Transport…
8 terms
Vitamin B
Thiamine
Ribo-flavin
Niacin
Patothenic acid
1
2
3
5
Thiamine
1
Ribo-flavin
2
53 terms
B Vitamins and Vitamin C
part of coenzyme TPP involved in energ…
whole-grain, fortified, or enriched gr…
beriberi (wet w/ edema or dry with mus…
none
chief functions of thiamin in the body
significant sources of thiamin
thiamin deficiency and symptoms
thiamin toxicity
part of coenzyme TPP involved in energ…
chief functions of thiamin in the body
whole-grain, fortified, or enriched gr…
significant sources of thiamin
8 terms
Vitamin DRIs: AIs for pantothenic acid (vitamin B5)
What is the AI for pantothenic acid (v…
What is the AI for pantothenic acid (v…
What is the AI for pantothenic acid (v…
What is the AI for pantothenic acid (v…
1.7 mg/day
1.8 mg/day
2 mg/day
3 mg/day
What is the AI for pantothenic acid (v…
1.7 mg/day
What is the AI for pantothenic acid (v…
1.8 mg/day
9 terms
Vitamin B
Slo niacin*
Niacin time release
B1
B2
B 6*
B 6
thiamine
riboflavin
Slo niacin*
B 6*
Niacin time release
B 6
24 terms
VitaminB
What is Vitamin B1?
What does Thiamin do?
What can thiamin deficiencies result in?
What is Vitamin B2?
Thiamin
Assists in ... 1. energy production... 2. carbohydrate metabolism... 3…
Beri Beri
Riboflavin
What is Vitamin B1?
Thiamin
What does Thiamin do?
Assists in ... 1. energy production... 2. carbohydrate metabolism... 3…
9 terms
IB Chem BioChemistry - B5 (Vitamins)
Micronutrients
Water-Soluble Vitamins
Lipid-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A Structure
nutrients need in the diet in tiny amounts. Vitamins are orga…
- Have polar bonds and the ability for form hydrogen bonds wi…
- Mostly non-polar... - Long hydrocarbon chains or rings... - Slowe…
- Fat soluble ... - Hydrocarbon chain and ring are non-polar and…
Micronutrients
nutrients need in the diet in tiny amounts. Vitamins are orga…
Water-Soluble Vitamins
- Have polar bonds and the ability for form hydrogen bonds wi…
37 terms
B - Vitamins & Vitamin C
B - vitamin basics
How do you activate an enzyme
B1 - Thiamin (Deficiency, food source,…
B2 - Riboflavin (Deficiency, food sour…
- co - enzymes ; bind to inactive enzyme to turn on ... - Family…
Inactive enzyme (apo-enzyme) + inactive enzyme (co-enzyme) =…
Deficiency = Beriberi wernike - korsakoff (Edema) ... Food sourc…
Deficiency = ariboflavinois - lack of riboflavin ... Food source…
B - vitamin basics
- co - enzymes ; bind to inactive enzyme to turn on ... - Family…
How do you activate an enzyme
Inactive enzyme (apo-enzyme) + inactive enzyme (co-enzyme) =…
15 terms
5 Vitamin B12 & Folate (Water Soluble Vitamins)
How do we obtain folates & folic acids…
What was the rationale for fortificati…
Which form of folate is more bioavaila…
Folate has two primary functions: (1)…
> Folates in food... > Folic acid (synthetic form) in fortifie…
Rationale: ↓ incidence of neural tube defects (NTDD*) ... Soluti…
1) Folic acid = >80% absorbed ... 2) Stored in liver, excret…
1) Nucleotides... 2) Methionine
How do we obtain folates & folic acids…
> Folates in food... > Folic acid (synthetic form) in fortifie…
What was the rationale for fortificati…
Rationale: ↓ incidence of neural tube defects (NTDD*) ... Soluti…
78 terms
B Vitamins
thiamin color
thiamin heat stable or unstable?
thiamin absorbed by _______ at low con…
How is thiamin excreted?
white crystalline
Unstable
active transport
through urine as thiamin and thiamin metabolites
thiamin color
white crystalline
thiamin heat stable or unstable?
Unstable
Exam 1: Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)
What is the main coenzyme(s) of pantot…
What is the primary biochemial/physiol…
What is the deficiency syndrome or sym…
What are good food sources of pantothe…
Coenzyme A (CoA)... *A = acetylation
acyl transfer rxns
- deficiency is rare ... - Sxs: numbness and tingling of hands &…
Widespread in foods:... - meat... - egg yolk... - legumes... - whole grai…
What is the main coenzyme(s) of pantot…
Coenzyme A (CoA)... *A = acetylation
What is the primary biochemial/physiol…
acyl transfer rxns
39 terms
5 Folate and vitamin B12 metabolism
folate is typically found as folate __…
functional form of folate is ___
THF is formed from folate by _____
THF derivatives function as intermedia…
polyglutamates
THF
dihydrofolate reductase... (converts... folate-->dihydrofolate---…
one carbon pool
folate is typically found as folate __…
polyglutamates
functional form of folate is ___
THF
8 terms
Vitamin B
B(1) Thiamin
B-2 Riboflavin
B-3 Niacin
Folate
Sources: Occurs in all nutritious foods in moderate amounts;…
Sources: Milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, meat, liver, leafy gre…
Sources: Synthesized from the amino acid typtophan;... milk, egg…
Sources: lentils, pinto beans, spinach, asparagus, avocado, d…
B(1) Thiamin
Sources: Occurs in all nutritious foods in moderate amounts;…
B-2 Riboflavin
Sources: Milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, meat, liver, leafy gre…
28 terms
Vitamin B12 Deficiency-8/5
What are the 4 things a chief complain…
What does vertigo mean?
What does disequilibrium or ataxia mean?
What does pre-syncope mean?
vertigo, disequilibrium/ataxia, pre-syncope, lightheadedness
false sense of motion, possible spinning snesation
off balance or wobbly
feeling of losing consciousness or blacking out
What are the 4 things a chief complain…
vertigo, disequilibrium/ataxia, pre-syncope, lightheadedness
What does vertigo mean?
false sense of motion, possible spinning snesation
20 terms
B Vitamins, Vitamin C
Thiamin (B1) Deficiencies
Thiamin (B1) RDA, Food Sources
Riboflavin (B2) Deficiencies
Riboflavin (B2) RDA, Food Sources
Beriberi (edema or muscle wasting) anorexia and weight loss,…
1.2mg (men) 1.1mg (women), enriched, fortified, or whole-grai…
Inflammation of the mouth, skin, and eyelids
1.3mg (men) 1.1mg (women), milk products, enriched, fortified…
Thiamin (B1) Deficiencies
Beriberi (edema or muscle wasting) anorexia and weight loss,…
Thiamin (B1) RDA, Food Sources
1.2mg (men) 1.1mg (women), enriched, fortified, or whole-grai…
8 terms
Vitamin B
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3
Vitamin B5
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Niacin or Nicotinic Acid (NAD)
Pantothenic Acid or CoA
Vitamin B1
Thiamine
Vitamin B2
Riboflavin
53 terms
B vitamin
function of B vitamins
what is the active form of Thiamin (B1)
what does TPP serve as a coenzyme for?
food sources:
- coenzymes... - catalysts... - energy-producing
TPP - thiamine pyrophosphate
- formation and degradation of a-ketols by transketolase... - ri…
- pork, legumes, nuts and seed, enriched products ... - unstable…
function of B vitamins
- coenzymes... - catalysts... - energy-producing
what is the active form of Thiamin (B1)
TPP - thiamine pyrophosphate
33 terms
Vitamin B6-Pyrioxal-5-Phosphate
What are the properties of pyridoxal-5…
What are the 3 related 3-hydroxy-2-met…
What is the active form of Pyridoxal A…
What do all forms of the 3-OH-2-Methyl…
Heat stable in acidic conditions, light sensitive
1. Pyridoxal Aldehyde (PL)... 2. Pyridoxine (PN): alcohol... 3. Pyr…
the phosphate ester PLP
pyridoxal-5-phosphate active form
What are the properties of pyridoxal-5…
Heat stable in acidic conditions, light sensitive
What are the 3 related 3-hydroxy-2-met…
1. Pyridoxal Aldehyde (PL)... 2. Pyridoxine (PN): alcohol... 3. Pyr…
49 terms
Vitamin B
B(1)
B(2)
B(3)
B(6)
Thiamin... Beriberi... W-korsakoffa syndrome
Riboflavin
Niacin... Pellagra
7 forms, most common and active is pyridoxine... Concerts amino…
B(1)
Thiamin... Beriberi... W-korsakoffa syndrome
B(2)
Riboflavin
9 terms
Vitamin B
The B Vitamins in Unison
The B vitamins as individuals ... (Thiamin)
The B vitamins as individuals ... (Ribofl…
The B vitamins as individuals ... (Niacin)
• Function as part of coenzymes... -------Combines with enzyme t…
• Energy metabolism of all cells... • Nerve cell membranes... • Def…
• Role in energy metabolism of all cells ... • Deficiencies... ----…
• Participates in energy metabolism... • Deficiency ... --------- P…
The B Vitamins in Unison
• Function as part of coenzymes... -------Combines with enzyme t…
The B vitamins as individuals ... (Thiamin)
• Energy metabolism of all cells... • Nerve cell membranes... • Def…
8 terms
Vitamin B
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Pantothenic acid
B1
Thiamin
B2
Riboflavin
8 terms
Vitamin B
B1/Thiamine
B2/Riboflavin
B3/Niacin
B5/Pantothenic Acid
RNA/DNA Production
Electron Transport
Glucose
Cholesterol Synthesis
B1/Thiamine
RNA/DNA Production
B2/Riboflavin
Electron Transport
vitamin B
Thiamin Functions
Thiamin Deficiency
Thiamin Deficiency symptoms
Thiamin Food sources
helps release energy from carbs... pyrophosphate tpp... participate…
Beriberi= lack of thiamin ; glucose can not be metabolized... sy…
weakness,loss of appetite, irritability, nervous tingling... poo…
Pork, whole grains, cerals, grains, flour, veggies, fruits, p…
Thiamin Functions
helps release energy from carbs... pyrophosphate tpp... participate…
Thiamin Deficiency
Beriberi= lack of thiamin ; glucose can not be metabolized... sy…
74 terms
Lecture 5: Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Discovery of riboflavin originally cal…
What is the disease associated with ri…
Ribo:
Flavin:
1917 Vitamin G
Riboflavin deficiency is not associated with any disease
ribose like side chain
yellow in latin
Discovery of riboflavin originally cal…
1917 Vitamin G
What is the disease associated with ri…
Riboflavin deficiency is not associated with any disease
B vitamins
pyridoxal
CoASH
cobalamine
biotin
pyridoxal
CoASH
22 terms
B Vitamins and Vitamin C
Thiamin
Alcohol leads to
Beri Beri
Riboflavin
Assist in energy metabolism... conversion of pyruvate to Acetyl…
thiamin deficiency
thiamin disease, wet or dry,
FMN ... FAD... accepts and donates hydrogens to ETC (electron trans…
Thiamin
Assist in energy metabolism... conversion of pyruvate to Acetyl…
Alcohol leads to
thiamin deficiency
51 terms
Vitamin B
the lack of which B vitamin is associa…
a patient presents with boring, itchy…
A new patient from Latin America prese…
while this vitamin deficiency is seldo…
B12
Riboflavin (B2)
Niacin (B3)
Thiamin (B1)
the lack of which B vitamin is associa…
B12
a patient presents with boring, itchy…
Riboflavin (B2)
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