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Study sets matching "vitamins chem"

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Study sets matching "vitamins chem"

21 terms
Chemistry Vitamins
Nitrogen
Phosphorus
Calcium
Sulfur
An essential building block of chlorophyll and protein
Used to make DNA and ATP
Component of cell walls and bones
Component of AA
Nitrogen
An essential building block of chlorophyll and protein
Phosphorus
Used to make DNA and ATP
17 terms
Chemistry Vitamins
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Niacin
Pantothenic acid
B1
Thiamine
B2
Riboflavin
18 terms
Chemistry-vitamins
group of compounds structurally simila…
inability to see in faint light or at…
systemic nutritional wasting disease c…
class of chemical compounds, many of w…
carotenoids
nyctalopia
pellagra
tocopherol
group of compounds structurally simila…
carotenoids
inability to see in faint light or at…
nyctalopia
31 terms
B.5 Vitamins (Chemistry)
Nutrients
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Mineral
Molecules required to maintain health and bodily functions
Nutrients including protein, fat, carbohydrates, some mineral…
Nutrients including vitamins and some minerals, required in s…
Inorganic substance required by the body
Nutrients
Molecules required to maintain health and bodily functions
Macronutrients
Nutrients including protein, fat, carbohydrates, some mineral…
25 terms
Clinical Chemistry (Vitamins)
ADEK
Retinol
Night blindness
Thiamine
Fat soluble vitamins
Other name of Vit. A
Deficiency of Vitamin A
Other name of Vitamin B1
ADEK
Fat soluble vitamins
Retinol
Other name of Vit. A
22 terms
Chemistry Vitamins- name/function
Vit. A name
Vit. A function
Vit. D name
Vit. D function
Retinol
Vision
cholecalciferol
Bone synthesis (Ca & Phos uptake)
Vit. A name
Retinol
Vit. A function
Vision
33 terms
Chemistry Enzymes vitamins and coefactors
Enzymes
Catalyst
10^3 to 10^17
substrate
Proteins which catalyze chemical reactions
Speeds up attainment of reaction equailibrium
Catalyzed reaction is (blank to blank) times faster than unca…
An enzyme will take a (blank) and make a product
Enzymes
Proteins which catalyze chemical reactions
Catalyst
Speeds up attainment of reaction equailibrium
59 terms
Chemistry Test 5: Vitamins
vitamins
coenzymes
14
B-complex and Vit C
small organic molecules that must be obtained through the die…
Vitamins are biochemically known as _________.
How many vitamins are needed by humans?
What are water-soluble vitamins comprised of?
vitamins
small organic molecules that must be obtained through the die…
coenzymes
Vitamins are biochemically known as _________.
24 terms
Clinical Chemistry (Vitamins)
ADEK
Retinol
Vit A
Thiamine
Fat soluble vitamins
Other name of Vit. A
Deficiency of this vitamin is night blindness
Other name of Vitamin B1
ADEK
Fat soluble vitamins
Retinol
Other name of Vit. A
43 terms
Chemistry Exam 5: Vitamins
Water soluble vitamins
Fat Soluble vitamins
Vitamin A names
Vitamin D names
readily excreted in urine and are less likely to accumulate…
A, D, E and K... Don't serve as coenzymes... Can accumulate in li…
Retinol... Retinal... Retinoic acid
Cholecalciferol (D3)... Ergocalciferol (D2)- dietary obtained... 1,…
Water soluble vitamins
readily excreted in urine and are less likely to accumulate…
Fat Soluble vitamins
A, D, E and K... Don't serve as coenzymes... Can accumulate in li…
32 terms
Clinical Chemistry Vitamins
Vitamins Definition
What are the two classifications of vi…
Which vitamins are classified as fat s…
Which Vitamins are classified as water…
Organic compound required in trace amounts for growth and hea…
-Fat soluble... -water solube
Vitamins D,E,A,K
Vitamin B complex and Vitamin C
Vitamins Definition
Organic compound required in trace amounts for growth and hea…
What are the two classifications of vi…
-Fat soluble... -water solube
72 terms
Vitamins - Food Chemistry
Vitamin A... Vitamin E... Vitamin D... Vitamin K
B complex and C Vitamins ... - Thiamin (B…
They are stored in the fat tissue and…
vision and anti-infective vitamin.
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
What are the water soluble vitamins?
Where are the fat soluble vitamins stored in the body?
Vitamin A is known as what vitamin?
Vitamin A... Vitamin E... Vitamin D... Vitamin K
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
B complex and C Vitamins ... - Thiamin (B…
What are the water soluble vitamins?
13 terms
Organic Chemistry Vitamins
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2 )
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)
Found in liver, yeasts whole grain bread, cereal, milk... Beribe…
Found in beef, liver, chicken, eggs, green leafy veggies, dai…
Found in brewer's yeast, chicken, beef, fish, liver, brown ri…
- Found in Salmon, beef, liver, eggs, brewer's yeast, whole g…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Found in liver, yeasts whole grain bread, cereal, milk... Beribe…
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2 )
Found in beef, liver, chicken, eggs, green leafy veggies, dai…
146 terms
Chemistry Final - Vitamins
The physiologic roles of vitamins incl…
Vitamin deficiencies
Vitamin insufficiency/ dependencies
you can over-ingest which type of vita…
1. cofactors for enzymes... 2. hormones (A&D)... 3. transcription r…
inadequate supply, whether diet or absorption
abnormal metabolism w/ adequate supply
fat soluble vitamins
The physiologic roles of vitamins incl…
1. cofactors for enzymes... 2. hormones (A&D)... 3. transcription r…
Vitamin deficiencies
inadequate supply, whether diet or absorption
64 terms
BioChemistry - Vitamins
Without Vitamins, Some Enzymes cannot…
What Vitams are considered ... water solu…
What Vitamins are considered Lipid Sol…
Vitamin B1 : Other Name
...
1. The Major B Vitamins and Vitamin ... C
Vitamins D, A, K, E
Thiamin
Without Vitamins, Some Enzymes cannot…
...
What Vitams are considered ... water solu…
1. The Major B Vitamins and Vitamin ... C
28 terms
Clinical Chemistry Vitamins
Vitamins
Fat-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
A deficiency in Vitamin A can lead to:
Organic molecules required for the body in small amounts for…
A, D, E, and K
Forms: retinal, retinol, and retinoic acid.... Stored in the liv…
Night Blindness
Vitamins
Organic molecules required for the body in small amounts for…
Fat-Soluble Vitamins
A, D, E, and K
9 terms
Chemistry- Vitamins (Add Iron)
Fat soluble vitamins:
Function of Vitamin A:
Function of Vitamin D:
Function of Vitamin E:
Vitamins A, D, E, K; transported via special protein carriers…
(1) transmission of nerve impulses in the eye, (2) cell membr…
(1) maintains calcium level by increasing gut absorption, (2)…
Functions to protect cell membranes from damage by binding fr…
Fat soluble vitamins:
Vitamins A, D, E, K; transported via special protein carriers…
Function of Vitamin A:
(1) transmission of nerve impulses in the eye, (2) cell membr…
54 terms
Chemistry Lab- Vitamins (ALL)
B1
B2
B6
B12
What is the letter for vitamin Thiamin?
What is the letter for vitamin Riboflavin?
What is the letter for vitamin Pyridoxine?
What is the letter for vitamin Cobalamin?
B1
What is the letter for vitamin Thiamin?
B2
What is the letter for vitamin Riboflavin?
13 terms
Chemistry Lab- Vitamins (Letter)
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Pyridoxine
Cobalamin
B1
B2
B6
B12
Thiamin
B1
Riboflavin
B2
33 terms
CLINICAL CHEMISTRY- Vitamins
Types of assays to assess of vitamin s…
Primary function of vitamins
Name that Vitamin!!! ... Insoluble in wa…
Explain the Absorption of vitamin A
Functional- Increased or decreased ACTIVITY of rxns... Cell res…
Vitamins have primary function and clinical onditions associa…
Vitamin A... Provitamin A cartenoids
Vitamin A froms subjet to emulsifcation being transported in…
Types of assays to assess of vitamin s…
Functional- Increased or decreased ACTIVITY of rxns... Cell res…
Primary function of vitamins
Vitamins have primary function and clinical onditions associa…
26 terms
Organic Chemistry Vitamins (bio 180)
Thiamin/ vitamin letter-
Riboflavin / vitamin letter-
Pyridoxine / vitamin letter-
Cobalamin / vitamin letter-
B1
B2
B6
B12
Thiamin/ vitamin letter-
B1
Riboflavin / vitamin letter-
B2
Chemistry Vitamin Hand Out FOOD SOURCES of Vitamins
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Water- Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin A... Vitamin D... Vitamin E... Vitamin K
Thiamine... Niacin... Folate... Vitamin B-12... Pantothenic Acid and biot…
is found in milk, cheese, cream, liver, kidney, cod, and hali…
is found in cheese, butter, margarine, cream, fish, oysters,…
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A... Vitamin D... Vitamin E... Vitamin K
Water- Soluble Vitamins
Thiamine... Niacin... Folate... Vitamin B-12... Pantothenic Acid and biot…
Chemistry Vitamin Hand Out
Vitamin A
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Niacin
Helps in the formation and maintenance of healthy teeth, skel…
Helps the body cells convert carbohydrates into energy. It is…
Works with the other B vitamins and is important for body gro…
is a B vitamin that helps maintain healthy skin and nerves. I…
Vitamin A
Helps in the formation and maintenance of healthy teeth, skel…
Thiamine
Helps the body cells convert carbohydrates into energy. It is…
9 terms
IB Chem BioChemistry - B5 (Vitamins)
Micronutrients
Water-Soluble Vitamins
Lipid-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A Structure
nutrients need in the diet in tiny amounts. Vitamins are orga…
- Have polar bonds and the ability for form hydrogen bonds wi…
- Mostly non-polar... - Long hydrocarbon chains or rings... - Slowe…
- Fat soluble ... - Hydrocarbon chain and ring are non-polar and…
Micronutrients
nutrients need in the diet in tiny amounts. Vitamins are orga…
Water-Soluble Vitamins
- Have polar bonds and the ability for form hydrogen bonds wi…
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 20 - Enzymes/Vitamins
Enzyme
Enzyme specificity
Enzyme-Substrate Complex
Models of Enzyme Action
Lowers activation energy for a chemical reaction... -globular pr…
Absolute: catalyzes one type of reaction for one substrate... G…
Enzyme+Substrate-->ES Complex-->EP Complex-->Enzyme+Product
Induced Fit Model: Flexibility of active site allows to adapt…
Enzyme
Lowers activation energy for a chemical reaction... -globular pr…
Enzyme specificity
Absolute: catalyzes one type of reaction for one substrate... G…
18 terms
Chemistry 221 Vitamins: Water Soluble
B1 coenzyme
B1 transfer function
B2 coenzyme
B2 transfer function
(TPP)
aldehyde groups
(FAD)... (FMN)
electrons
B1 coenzyme
(TPP)
B1 transfer function
aldehyde groups
28 terms
Organic Chemistry Exam 4: Vitamins
Water-Soluble Vitamins
Thiamin
Thiamin
Riboflavin
soluble in aqueous solutions... cofactors for many enzymes... not s…
Vitamin B1
part of coenzyme thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP)... -found in liver,…
Vitamin B2
Water-Soluble Vitamins
soluble in aqueous solutions... cofactors for many enzymes... not s…
Thiamin
Vitamin B1
13 terms
Chemistry Lab-Vitamins (Food Sources)
Thiamin, B1
Riboflavin, B2
Pyridoxine, B6
Cobalamin, B12
Yeast, milk, eggs, meats, nuts, whole grains, and flour breads
Yeast, milk, liver, meats, leafy vegetables, and whole grains
yeast, liver, kidney, milk, eggs, leafy vegetables, and whole…
Milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, liver, and no plant sources
Thiamin, B1
Yeast, milk, eggs, meats, nuts, whole grains, and flour breads
Riboflavin, B2
Yeast, milk, liver, meats, leafy vegetables, and whole grains
13 terms
Chemistry Lab- Vitamins (use in body)
Thiamin, B1
Riboflavin, B2
Pyridoxine, B6
Cobalamin, B12
Coenzyme used in Krebs Cycle
Component of FAD coenzyme and FMN cytochrome
Amino acid synthesis production of RBCs production of antibod…
Formation of RBCs and Hgbn, Formation of myelin sheath, lipid…
Thiamin, B1
Coenzyme used in Krebs Cycle
Riboflavin, B2
Component of FAD coenzyme and FMN cytochrome
Chemistry (amino acids, minerals, vitamins)
What two things do proteins do for you…
Name four parts of your body that are…
Explain the difference between a compl…
Name two parts of the body that incorp…
Helps transport materials through the body and makes tissue.
Muscle, tissue, membranes, cartilage
A complete protein represents all essential amino acids. Inco…
Bones and teeth and skin
What two things do proteins do for you…
Helps transport materials through the body and makes tissue.
Name four parts of your body that are…
Muscle, tissue, membranes, cartilage
13 terms
Chemistry Lab- Vitamins (Effect of Deficiency)
Thiamin, B1
Riboflavin, B2
Pyridoxine, B6
Cobalamin, B12
Appetite loss, weight loss, BeriBeri
Lesions in concerns of mouth, nose, and eyes... Tongue inflammat…
Tongue inflammation, Dermatitis, Irritability, and Apathy
Pernicious anemia... Degeneration of myelin
Thiamin, B1
Appetite loss, weight loss, BeriBeri
Riboflavin, B2
Lesions in concerns of mouth, nose, and eyes... Tongue inflammat…
36 terms
chemistry ch 19 enzymes n vitamins
Active site
Substrate
Turnover number
Cofactor
The spot where enzymes react with substrates drawn in by nonc…
The reactants
Meaurement of catalytic activity
Nonprotein part of an enzyme that is essential to catalytic a…
Active site
The spot where enzymes react with substrates drawn in by nonc…
Substrate
The reactants
38 terms
Medicinal Chemistry Exam 4 : Vitamins - Dr. Wang
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3 (niacin)
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
64 terms
IB Chemistry - BioChemistry - Lipids, Steroids, Carbohydrates, Vitamins and Environmental Problems
What are Lipids?
What does a free fatty acid look like?
What is a triglyceride and what does i…
What is a phosphide lipid and what doe…
Oils and fats are part of a class of molecules called lipids.…
Long hydrocarbon tail. Head of molecule is a carboxylic acid…
Fats and oils are triglycerides. Large, non-polar and insolub…
Similar structure to a triglyceride (they are derivatives of…
What are Lipids?
Oils and fats are part of a class of molecules called lipids.…
What does a free fatty acid look like?
Long hydrocarbon tail. Head of molecule is a carboxylic acid…
74 terms
Chemistry Exam IDONTKNOW: Vitamins and Trace Elements
Name the proven essential TEs
Name the essential ultra trace elements
Name the probably essential ultra-TEs
What method is the most common method…
Zinc... Iron... Copper
Selenium... Colbalt... Chromium... Iodine... Molybdenum
Nickel... Vanadium... Tin
atomic absorption spectro (AAS)
Name the proven essential TEs
Zinc... Iron... Copper
Name the essential ultra trace elements
Selenium... Colbalt... Chromium... Iodine... Molybdenum
17 terms
Clinical Chemistry Lecture overview Fat Soluble vitamins
Vitamin A = retinol... Sources
Vitamin A = retinol... Function
Vitamin A ... Deficency
Vitamin A storage
• Sources: animal products, pigmented fruits & vegetables. Fr…
Function: Complexed to retinol binding proteins, is essential…
night blindness,total blindness ... • Stored in the liver
Stored in liver
Vitamin A = retinol... Sources
• Sources: animal products, pigmented fruits & vegetables. Fr…
Vitamin A = retinol... Function
Function: Complexed to retinol binding proteins, is essential…
186 terms
Chemistry- Toxicology, TDM, Trace Elements, and Vitamins
Which one of the following drugs is me…
The fraction of drug absorbed into a p…
The period of time during which the co…
Which one of the following increases t…
Phenobarbital
Bioavailability
Half life of a drug
Digoxin
Which one of the following drugs is me…
Phenobarbital
The fraction of drug absorbed into a p…
Bioavailability
67 terms
Part 1 Boards (NBS) - Chemistry (Vitamins & Minerals)
What is the active form & reaction of…
What is the symptom of B1 deficiency?
What are the sources of B1 vitamin?
What is the active form & reaction of…
- Thiamine pyrophosphate... - Oxidative decarboxylation
- Beri Beri (weakness, edema, tachycardia)
- Wheat germ oil... - Pork... - Oatmeal
- FAD, FADH2, FMN... - Oxidation reduction & electron transfer r…
What is the active form & reaction of…
- Thiamine pyrophosphate... - Oxidative decarboxylation
What is the symptom of B1 deficiency?
- Beri Beri (weakness, edema, tachycardia)
13 terms
Chemistry- Vitamins and Vit Deficiencies, Calcium and Magnesium
Night Blindness
Pellagra
Scurvy
Rickets
Vit A
Vit B3 (niacin)
Vit C
Vit D
Night Blindness
Vit A
Pellagra
Vit B3 (niacin)
38 terms
Chemistry 131 - Stoker 10e Ch. 21 - Enzymes & Vitamins
Enzymes
Substrate
Enzyme Classes
Oxidoreductase
organic compounds that act as catalysts for biochemical react…
the reactant in an enzyme catalyzed reaction
Oxidoreductase, Transferase, Hydrolase, Lyase, Isomerase, and…
catalyzes redox reactions
Enzymes
organic compounds that act as catalysts for biochemical react…
Substrate
the reactant in an enzyme catalyzed reaction
40 terms
Chemistry Chapter 21 Atudy Guide for Exam 4: Enzymes & Vitamins
Enzymes
Naming of Enzymes
Classification of enzymes by reaction:…
oxidoreductase
- a compond (usually a protein) that acts as a catalyst for a…
- name provides info on the function rather than structure... 3…
1. oxidoreductase... 2. transferase... 3. hydrolase... 4. lyase... 5. iso…
- an enzyme that catalyzes and oxidation-reduction reaction (…
Enzymes
- a compond (usually a protein) that acts as a catalyst for a…
Naming of Enzymes
- name provides info on the function rather than structure... 3…
32 terms
(Chemistry) Chapter 7 Section D- Vitamins, Minerals, and Additives- Jaren Katz
What are Vitamins?
What is the total quantity of vitamins…
What kinds of foods contain vitamins?
What is the function of Vitamin D?
Vitamins are biomolecules necessary for growth, reproduction,…
0.2g of vitamins per day
Whole Grains, Eggs, Leafy Greens, Liver, and Milk
Vitamin D helps transport calcium ions from our intestines in…
What are Vitamins?
Vitamins are biomolecules necessary for growth, reproduction,…
What is the total quantity of vitamins…
0.2g of vitamins per day
41 terms
antibodies, hormones, drugs, vitamins, and hypersensitivity things to memorize for chemistry rotation final
graves disease
myasthenia gravis
goodpasture's
hashimoto's
antimicrosomal, TSI, TGSI
anti-acetylcholine
anti-basement membrane
anti-microsomal, CA2, TS-II
graves disease
antimicrosomal, TSI, TGSI
myasthenia gravis
anti-acetylcholine
29 terms
Clinical chemistry Water-soluble vitamins, missing Vitmain B12 and Folate
Thiamine = Vitamin B1... - Sources:
Thiamine Function
Thiamine effect of deficency
What is Beriberi
yeast, liver, oatmeal, brown rice, whole grain flour
Function: coenzyme in decarboxylation reactions: Acts as a co…
Effect of deficiency: "beriberi" and usually found in underde…
a degenerative disease of the nerves caused by a deficiency o…
Thiamine = Vitamin B1... - Sources:
yeast, liver, oatmeal, brown rice, whole grain flour
Thiamine Function
Function: coenzyme in decarboxylation reactions: Acts as a co…
16 terms
Clinical chemistry Water-soluble vitamins, Folate and Vitmain B12 only
Folate function
Effect of Folate Deficency
Megaloblastic Anemia is caused by
Megaloblastic Anemia Lab results
- Function: coenzymes involved in 1-carbon transfer reactions
Megaloblastic Anemia
Inhibition of DNA synthesis in RBC production. Leads to conti…
- low serum folate levels (circulating levels)... - low rbc fola…
Folate function
- Function: coenzymes involved in 1-carbon transfer reactions
Effect of Folate Deficency
Megaloblastic Anemia
31 terms
(Chemistry) Chapter 7 Section D- Vitamins, Minerals, and Additives- Jaren Katz
What is the total quantity of vitamins…
What kinds of foods contain vitamins?
What is the function of Vitamin D?
What would happen if there was not any…
0.2g per day
Whole Grains, Eggs, Leafy Greens, Liver, and Milk
Helps transport calcium ions from our intestines into our blo…
The body would not use as much of the calcium we ingest.
What is the total quantity of vitamins…
0.2g per day
What kinds of foods contain vitamins?
Whole Grains, Eggs, Leafy Greens, Liver, and Milk
11 terms
Vitamin Chemistry: Modified Coenzyme form, Reactive Site, Group Carried
B1 Thiamin
B2 Riboflavin
B3 Niacin
B5 Pantothenate
TPP, Thiazolium ring, aldehydes
FMN/FAD, Isoalloxazine ring, protons
NAD+/NADP+, Nicotinamide ring, proton
Coenzyme A, Thiol, Acyl groups
B1 Thiamin
TPP, Thiazolium ring, aldehydes
B2 Riboflavin
FMN/FAD, Isoalloxazine ring, protons
31 terms
MS1 B3W4L1 - Dr. Melega - Biological Chemistry of Water Soluble Vitamins
Objectives
What is a Vitamin?
Water Soluble Vitamins
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Know the basic functions (biochemical and physiological) and…
Distinguishing feature of vitamins ... - generally cannot be sy…
The B complex (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, pant…
Vitamins A, D, E, K... A - Vision... D - calcium absorption, bon…
Objectives
Know the basic functions (biochemical and physiological) and…
What is a Vitamin?
Distinguishing feature of vitamins ... - generally cannot be sy…
68 terms
UTM Chemistry 112 Exam 4 Chapter 21 Enzymes and Vitamins Dr. Phillip Shelton
Enzymes
Catalyst
Enzymes are globular proteins.
Enzymes are regulated in biochemical s…
Compounds (usually proteins) that act as catalysts for bioche…
A substance that speeds up a reaction/increases reaction rate…
Can be hydrolyzed and denatured. They are sensitive to pH and…
Turned "On" and "Off"
Enzymes
Compounds (usually proteins) that act as catalysts for bioche…
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up a reaction/increases reaction rate…
68 terms
UTM Chemistry 112 Exam 4 Chapter 21 Enzymes and Vitamins Dr. Phillip Shelton
Enzymes
Catalyst
Enzymes are globular proteins.
Enzymes are regulated in biochemical s…
Compounds (usually proteins) that act as catalysts for bioche…
A substance that speeds up a reaction/increases reaction rate…
Can be hydrolyzed and denatured. They are sensitive to pH and…
Turned "On" and "Off"
Enzymes
Compounds (usually proteins) that act as catalysts for bioche…
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up a reaction/increases reaction rate…
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