Study sets matching "vitamins minerals"

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Study sets matching "vitamins minerals"

14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
vitamins and minerals
vitamin A
vitamin D
vitamin C
Vitamin E
keeps the eyes, hair, and teeth healthy
builds bones and teeth
helps heart cells and muscle function
helps form and maintain cells
vitamin A
keeps the eyes, hair, and teeth healthy
vitamin D
builds bones and teeth
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Calciums best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You g…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
9 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Calciums BFF. Helps the body to absorb calcium. Dairy product…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
8 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Vitamin: Helps develop eyesight, natural sources: fish, dairy…
Vitamin: Helps heal wounds and fight infections, keeps hums h…
Vitamin: Helps bones grow by increasing calcium absorption, n…
Vitamin: Helps the blood clot, natural sources include leafy…
Vitamin A
Vitamin: Helps develop eyesight, natural sources: fish, dairy…
Vitamin C
Vitamin: Helps heal wounds and fight infections, keeps hums h…
33 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Helps your skin, found in grain products & dark green veggies
Helps formation of blood clotting agents
Vitamin A
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Vitamin D
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Vitamins and Minerals
Nutrients
Nutrition
Carboydrates
Fiber
Are substances in food that your body needs.
The study of nutrients and how the body uses them
Are sugars and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly…
Is the parts of fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans that yo…
Nutrients
Are substances in food that your body needs.
Nutrition
The study of nutrients and how the body uses them
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines.
Enriched and whole grain breads and cereals, dry beans and pe…
Enriched breads and cereals, milk and other dairy products.
Meat, poultry, fish, enriched and whole grain breads.
Vitamin C
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines.
Thiamin
Enriched and whole grain breads and cereals, dry beans and pe…
15 terms
vitamins & minerals
vitamin c (water soluble)
thiamin (water soluble)
riboflavin (water soluble)
niacin (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: circus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
RDA: 1.1/1.3 mg... source: dairy, meat, fish, enriched bread, mi…
RDA: 14/16 mg... source: most foods... deficiencies: pellagra (diet…
vitamin c (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: circus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
thiamin (water soluble)
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
15 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy.…
Calcium's best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy.…
17 terms
Vitamins/Minerals
Chromium
B12 (Cobalamin)
Folate
Vitamin C
glucose intolerance, peripheral neuropathy, associated w/ TPN…
Macrocytic Anemia, Neuro sx, Pernicious anemia. seen w/ Diphy…
Macrocytic Anemia WITHOUT neuro symptoms. lost more quickly t…
"Tea and Toast" diet of elderly; - bleeding gums, open, old w…
Chromium
glucose intolerance, peripheral neuropathy, associated w/ TPN…
B12 (Cobalamin)
Macrocytic Anemia, Neuro sx, Pernicious anemia. seen w/ Diphy…
20 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
A (Carotene)
B1 (Thiamine)
B2 (Riboflavin)
B6 (Pyridoxine)
Formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes…
Helps the body release energy from carbs during metabolism; g…
Helps the body release energy from protein, fat, and carbohyd…
Helps build body tissue and aids in metabolism of proteins
A (Carotene)
Formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes…
B1 (Thiamine)
Helps the body release energy from carbs during metabolism; g…
122 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vit A functions
Vit A food sources
Vit A Toxicity
retinol, retinal, retinoic acid
color vision, cell differentiation, healthy bones and immune…
Preformed retinol: beef/ chicken liver, egg yolks, milk... Carot…
fatigue, bone and joint pain, spontaneous abortion, birth def…
Vitamin A
retinol, retinal, retinoic acid
Vit A functions
color vision, cell differentiation, healthy bones and immune…
143 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Micronutrients
Vitamins
Minerals
Bioavailability
Composed of vitamins and minerals, these are essential for hu…
Organic and complex molecules that contain carbon and they ar…
inorganic, singular elements... -includes major minerals and tra…
Mineral and vitamin absorption is much lower than macronutrie…
Micronutrients
Composed of vitamins and minerals, these are essential for hu…
Vitamins
Organic and complex molecules that contain carbon and they ar…
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Thiamin (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Niacin (vitamin B3)
keeps capillaries, bones, skin, and teeth healthy... necessary f…
Turns carbs into energy. Helps with muscle coordination and a…
helps the body release energy from carbs, proteins, and fats.…
helps the body release energy from carbs, proteins, and fats.…
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
keeps capillaries, bones, skin, and teeth healthy... necessary f…
Thiamin (vitamin B1)
Turns carbs into energy. Helps with muscle coordination and a…
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
absorbic acid: helps maintain healthy capillaries, bones, ski…
cereal, dry beans and peas. Helps return carbs into energy mu…
milk, diary products, eggs, meat, fish. ... Helps body releases…
meat, poultry, fish, peanuts. ... Helps body release energy from…
Vitamin C
absorbic acid: helps maintain healthy capillaries, bones, ski…
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
cereal, dry beans and peas. Helps return carbs into energy mu…
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
Vitamins & Minerals
K,A,D,E vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
Fat soluble vitamins, stored in fatty tisue, need bile in ord…
Keeps skin moist, prevents night blindness and ulcers of the…
Most effective Antioxidant! Stimulates immune and reproductiv…
Protects bones and immune system "sunshine vitamin". Needed t…
K,A,D,E vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins, stored in fatty tisue, need bile in ord…
Vitamin A
Keeps skin moist, prevents night blindness and ulcers of the…
40 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Bioavailability
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Quantity & source... -Nutrition status & amount absorbed... -Other…
Absorbed & stored as lipids (Liver & fatty tissues)... -Not read…
Easily absorbed & excreted... -Coenzymes (B Vitamins) & antioxid…
Retinol, Retinoic Acid, Retinal (Vision), Betacarotene (precu…
Bioavailability
Quantity & source... -Nutrition status & amount absorbed... -Other…
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Absorbed & stored as lipids (Liver & fatty tissues)... -Not read…
vitamins & minerals
vitamin c (water soluble)
thiamin (water soluble)
riboflavin (water soluble)
niacin (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: citrus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
RDA: 1.1/1.3 mg... source: dairy, meat, fish, enriched bread, mi…
RDA: 14/16 mg... source: most foods... deficiencies: pellagra (diet…
vitamin c (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: citrus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
thiamin (water soluble)
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
77 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Sulfur: role
Sulfur: source
Vitamin K: role
Vitamin K deficiency
stabilize protein structure... detoxify alcohol/drugs
protein
blood clotting
malabsorption of fats
Sulfur: role
stabilize protein structure... detoxify alcohol/drugs
Sulfur: source
protein
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Calcium
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy. C…
Calcium's best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You…
Mineral that makes your teeth and bones strong. Also helps wi…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy. C…
vitamins and minerals
fat soluble vitamins
vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
a d e k
found in meat, needed for eyes, cell differentiation, reprodu…
cholecaciferol, found in salmon, needed forblood calcium, bon…
tocopherol, found in sunflower seeds, needed for protection f…
fat soluble vitamins
a d e k
vitamin A
found in meat, needed for eyes, cell differentiation, reprodu…
vitamins and minerals
vitamin D functions
thiamin functions
niacin functions
riboflavin functions
bone growth and development, controls Ca levels in blood, als…
energy production, developing and managing a healthy nervous…
energy production and mitochondrial metabolism
aerobic energy production from CHO, protein and fats
vitamin D functions
bone growth and development, controls Ca levels in blood, als…
thiamin functions
energy production, developing and managing a healthy nervous…
115 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Thiamin
Niacin
Riboflavin
Biotin
pork, grains
grains, potato,meat, legumes
grains, dark leafy greens, milk
grains, eggs, soy products
Thiamin
pork, grains
Niacin
grains, potato,meat, legumes
125 terms
vitamins and minerals
fat soluble vitamins
vitamin A
vitamin A function
vitamin A forms
dissolve in lipids... require bile for absorption... stored in tiss…
fat soluble
vision, cell development, immune function, bone and body grow…
retinol... retinal... retinoic acid
fat soluble vitamins
dissolve in lipids... require bile for absorption... stored in tiss…
vitamin A
fat soluble
24 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Potassium (facts)
Potassium (found in)
Calcium (facts)
Calcium (found it)
Keeps muscles and nervous system working right.
Dairy foods, fruits and veggies
Builds strong bones and teeth
Dairy products
Potassium (facts)
Keeps muscles and nervous system working right.
Potassium (found in)
Dairy foods, fruits and veggies
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Helps resist infections. Helps maintain skin, hair and body m…
Needed by bones and teeth. Aids in healing wounds and aids in…
Helps build strong bones and teeth.
Prevents damage to cell membranes, helps tissues handle fatty…
Vitamin A
Helps resist infections. Helps maintain skin, hair and body m…
Vitamin C
Needed by bones and teeth. Aids in healing wounds and aids in…
Vitamins & Minerals
Describe the vitamins and minerals tha…
Describe some of the major dietary sou…
Describe the role of micronutrients in…
Describe the effects of exercise train…
-Organic compounds essential to the diet in very small amount…
Occur naturally in foods ... -can be added through fortification…
-several minerals , including calcium, phosphorus, and fluori…
-little evidence suggest that the vitamin intakes of athletes…
Describe the vitamins and minerals tha…
-Organic compounds essential to the diet in very small amount…
Describe some of the major dietary sou…
Occur naturally in foods ... -can be added through fortification…
81 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Anemia
Avitaminos
Co enzyme
Co factor
A condition in which the blood doesn't have enough healthy re…
Any disease caused by vitamin deficiency or deficiency in met…
a compound that activates an enzyme.
a non-protein chemical compound that is bound to a protein an…
Anemia
A condition in which the blood doesn't have enough healthy re…
Avitaminos
Any disease caused by vitamin deficiency or deficiency in met…
18 terms
vitamins and minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
found in liver, egg yolk, butter, whole milk; important in st…
One source is sunshine; aids in growth, regulates calcium and…
found in vegetable oils, peanuts, dark green leafy vegetables…
Found in spinach, kale, liver, soybean oil; normal clotting o…
Vitamin A
found in liver, egg yolk, butter, whole milk; important in st…
Vitamin D
One source is sunshine; aids in growth, regulates calcium and…
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
organic substances needed in the body in small amounts
Dissolve in water and are not stored in the body to any great…
Dissolve in fats and that are stored in the fatty tissues of…
Helps prevent night blindness
Vitamins
organic substances needed in the body in small amounts
Water Soluble Vitamins
Dissolve in water and are not stored in the body to any great…
11 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin B complex
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Maintains skin health and vision
Aids in the digestive process; helps break down the nutrients…
Necessary for collagen production; deficiency is associated w…
Needed for healthy bone tissue; aids in the absorption of cal…
Vitamin A
Maintains skin health and vision
Vitamin B complex
Aids in the digestive process; helps break down the nutrients…
35 terms
vitamin and minerals
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Biotin
function: metabolize energy... deficiency: Beri Beri ... sources: p…
F: energy metabolism... D: cheilosis and glossitis... S: milk and m…
Nicotinimide, nicotinic acid... F: energy met.... D: pellagra, affe…
F: energy met. ... D: rarely seen in humans, contains avidin-pro…
Thiamin
function: metabolize energy... deficiency: Beri Beri ... sources: p…
Riboflavin
F: energy metabolism... D: cheilosis and glossitis... S: milk and m…
15 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Fat Soluble Vtamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
A, D, E, K
C, B12, Folate (Folic Acid)
Function: Night and color vision; Cellular growth and maturit…
Function: Regulates Blood Calcium Levels; Regulates Rate of D…
Fat Soluble Vtamins
A, D, E, K
Water Soluble Vitamins
C, B12, Folate (Folic Acid)
24 terms
Vitamins and minerals
riboflavin
pyridoxine
retinol
vitamin C
b2
vitamin b6
active form on vitamin A
absorbic acid
riboflavin
b2
pyridoxine
vitamin b6
Vitamins and minerals
Calcium Sources
Calcium functions
Calcium deficiency
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) sources
Dairy, kale
bone structure, blood clotting, hormone secretion
risk of osteoporosis
chicken, bananas, broccoli
Calcium Sources
Dairy, kale
Calcium functions
bone structure, blood clotting, hormone secretion
15 terms
VITAMINS & MINERALS
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3
retinol... retinal (in eye) function, bone growth
thiamine... carbohydrate metabolism (trao doi chat)
riboflavin... tissue respiration
niacin... lipid metabolism
Vitamin A
retinol... retinal (in eye) function, bone growth
Vitamin B1
thiamine... carbohydrate metabolism (trao doi chat)
13 terms
Vitamins and minerals
necessary for bone health and growth,…
needed for blood, found in meats, bean…
needed for endocrine function, found i…
prevents dental cavities, forms the cr…
calcium
iron
iodine
fluoride
necessary for bone health and growth,…
calcium
needed for blood, found in meats, bean…
iron
50 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Calcium
Phosphorus
Potassium
Sulfur
Most abundant mineral in the human body, found mostly in teet…
Major energy source (ATP) for every cell in the body, also fo…
Major positive ion within intracellular fluid, plays a signif…
Main component in protein structure and function, also found…
Calcium
Most abundant mineral in the human body, found mostly in teet…
Phosphorus
Major energy source (ATP) for every cell in the body, also fo…
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
B-Complex Vitamins
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Helps eyes adjust to darkness... Keeps skin healthy... Protects lin…
Help carbohydrates, fats, and proteins produce energy
Promotes growth, appetite, and digestion... Helps keep nervous s…
Helps keep eyes and skin healthy
Vitamin A
Helps eyes adjust to darkness... Keeps skin healthy... Protects lin…
B-Complex Vitamins
Help carbohydrates, fats, and proteins produce energy
32 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Bone Growth, tooth development, reproduction, cell division,…
Acts like an antioxidant, and protects vitamins A and C, whic…
Helps keep up immunity and controlling cell growth. Also, hel…
normal blood clotting, promoting bone health, and helping to…
Vitamin A
Bone Growth, tooth development, reproduction, cell division,…
Vitamin E
Acts like an antioxidant, and protects vitamins A and C, whic…
15 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Water soluble
Fat soluble
Vitamin A
Vitamin B
Cannot be stored by the body... B, C, B1, B2, niacin, B6, folic…
Bind to lipids, stored in liver... Vitamins A, D, E, and K
Vision... orange and green fruit and vegetables
Chemical reactions in the body... whole grains, milk, beans.
Water soluble
Cannot be stored by the body... B, C, B1, B2, niacin, B6, folic…
Fat soluble
Bind to lipids, stored in liver... Vitamins A, D, E, and K
11 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
cripple
substance
vitamin
isolate
to make (something) unable to work normally ... or to damage (so…
a material of a certain kind
a natural substance that that helps your body to be healthy
to separate from another substance
cripple
to make (something) unable to work normally ... or to damage (so…
substance
a material of a certain kind
16 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Calcium
Phosphorous
Sodium
Potassium
develops healthy bones and teeth, regulates body functions, h…
works with calcium to help develop bones and teeth, essential…
maintains fluid balance, transports nutrients across cell mem…
works with sodium in fluid balance, essential for cell metabo…
Calcium
develops healthy bones and teeth, regulates body functions, h…
Phosphorous
works with calcium to help develop bones and teeth, essential…
43 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
A E D K
B and C
retinol
beta-carotene
name the fat soluble vitamins
the water soluble vitamins
vitamin A
pre-cursor for vitamin A
A E D K
name the fat soluble vitamins
B and C
the water soluble vitamins
48 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
What are vitamins?
What are fat soluble vitamins?
What are water soluble vitamins?
What are the 4 fat soluble vitamins?
essential organic compounds required in small amounts
vitamins that can dissolve in lipids, they are stored in live…
vitamins that can dissolve in water, absorbed in the small in…
Vitamins A, D (D2 and D3), E, and K
What are vitamins?
essential organic compounds required in small amounts
What are fat soluble vitamins?
vitamins that can dissolve in lipids, they are stored in live…
12 terms
Vitamins/Minerals
Vitamin A-Beta Carotene; Fat Soluble V…
Vitamin D; Fat Soluble Vitamin
Thiamin; Water Soluble Vitamin
B6; Water Soluble Vitamin
Helps our vision, gives us healthier skin and enhances bone a…
Helps maintain normal blood levels, and helps us hace strong…
Helps our nervous system and muscle function, also present in…
Needed for proper brain development, helps produce hormones,…
Vitamin A-Beta Carotene; Fat Soluble V…
Helps our vision, gives us healthier skin and enhances bone a…
Vitamin D; Fat Soluble Vitamin
Helps maintain normal blood levels, and helps us hace strong…
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
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