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Study sets matching "vitamins vitamins minerals vitamins minerals pharmacology"

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Study sets matching "vitamins vitamins minerals vitamins minerals pharmacology"

73 terms
Pharmacology: Vitamins and minerals
vitamins
minerals
nutritional support
nutrition and nursing
-Regulate or participate in chemical reactions within the bod…
-Inorganic elements and salts... -Also binds with enzymes to h…
-Metabolism: nutrients that undergo chemical changes when ing…
-Malnutrition is any disorder of nutrition... -Decreases organ s…
vitamins
-Regulate or participate in chemical reactions within the bod…
minerals
-Inorganic elements and salts... -Also binds with enzymes to h…
46 terms
Pharmacology vitamins, minerals, & herbs
Carbohydrates and fats
proteins
water and electrolytes
vitamins, minerals, and water
heat and energy
provide energy and build, repair body tissue
maintain acid-base balance
regulate body processes, circulation, respiration, digestion,…
Carbohydrates and fats
heat and energy
proteins
provide energy and build, repair body tissue
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
10 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Calciums best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You g…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
21 terms
Pharmacology vitamins & minerals
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
A,D,E,K; stored in liver & fatty tissues; deficiencies occur…
B1thiamine,B2Riboflavin,B3Niacin,B5Pantothenic acid,B6Pyridox…
fat soluble; essential for night & normal vision (eyes),requi…
Fat soluble; Sunshine vitamin, calcifediol(calderol), calcitr…
Fat Soluble Vitamins
A,D,E,K; stored in liver & fatty tissues; deficiencies occur…
Water Soluble Vitamins
B1thiamine,B2Riboflavin,B3Niacin,B5Pantothenic acid,B6Pyridox…
24 terms
Pharmacology Vitamins & Minerals list.
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Nicotinic acid
Pantothenic acid
B1
Thiamine
B2
Riboflavin
9 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Calciums BFF. Helps the body to absorb calcium. Dairy product…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Pharmacology: Vitamins and Minerals
vision, nerves, and growth
milk, liver, cantaloupe, sweet potatoe…
blindness, stundted growth, impaired i…
loss of appetite, blurred vision, abdo…
Vitamin A function
Vitamin A food sources
Vitamin A deficiencies
Vitamin A toxicities
vision, nerves, and growth
Vitamin A function
milk, liver, cantaloupe, sweet potatoe…
Vitamin A food sources
20 terms
Pharmacology: Vitamins & Minerals
fat soluble vitamins
deficiency of vitamin C
deficiency of vitamin D and calcium in…
pernicious anemia
A, D, E, K
scurvy
osteoporosis
B12 deficiency
fat soluble vitamins
A, D, E, K
deficiency of vitamin C
scurvy
12 terms
Vitamins and Minerals (Pharmacology)
Water Soluble
Fat Soluble
Vitamin C
Wound Healing
vitamin B and C
vitamin A,D,E,K
-deficiency = Scurvy... -found in dark leafy greens and fruits... -…
-vitamin C helps
Water Soluble
vitamin B and C
Fat Soluble
vitamin A,D,E,K
43 terms
Vitamins, Minerals and Herbals - Pharmacology
Nutrients
Non-Essential Nutrients
Essential Nutrients
Vitamins
a substance obtained from food and used for growth, maintenan…
can be synthesized by the body, cholesterol
cannot be made by the body in high enough amounts to sustain…
any organic compound required in the diet for normal growth,…
Nutrients
a substance obtained from food and used for growth, maintenan…
Non-Essential Nutrients
can be synthesized by the body, cholesterol
Pharmacology 1 - Vitamins and Minerals
Niacin
Niacin
Niacin deficiency
signs are severe Niacin deficiency
Precursor for NAD and NADP
Dietary co-enzyme that is hydrolyzed in the GI into nicotonic…
Pellagra (rough skin)... associated with maize-based diet
(4D disease)... Dermatitis... Diarrhea... Dementia... Death
Niacin
Precursor for NAD and NADP
Niacin
Dietary co-enzyme that is hydrolyzed in the GI into nicotonic…
22 terms
Pharmacology vitamins & minerals
Vitamins A, D, E and K
Beta-carotene precursor, eye disease a…
Vitamins C, E, beta-carotene and selen…
Used in alcoholism, enriched grains, f…
Fat soluble vitamins
Vitamin A
Antioxidants
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamins A, D, E and K
Fat soluble vitamins
Beta-carotene precursor, eye disease a…
Vitamin A
23 terms
Pharmacology: Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
vision, bone growth, reproduction, cell division, and cell di…
needed to maintain strong bones
is an antioxidant that protects body tissue from damage by fr…
synthesis of clotting factors
Vitamin A
vision, bone growth, reproduction, cell division, and cell di…
Vitamin D
needed to maintain strong bones
30 terms
Pharmacology- vitamins and minerals
Fat soluble vitamins
Vitamin A deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency
VItamin E deficiency
Vitamin A (retinol)... Vitamin D (Calciferol)... Vitamin E (Tocophe…
Drying out of skin and mucous membranes... Dry eyes... Night blindn…
Rickets in children (bowing of legs)... Osteomalacia (softening…
Haemolytic anaemica in neonates
Fat soluble vitamins
Vitamin A (retinol)... Vitamin D (Calciferol)... Vitamin E (Tocophe…
Vitamin A deficiency
Drying out of skin and mucous membranes... Dry eyes... Night blindn…
8 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Vitamin: Helps develop eyesight, natural sources: fish, dairy…
Vitamin: Helps heal wounds and fight infections, keeps hums h…
Vitamin: Helps bones grow by increasing calcium absorption, n…
Vitamin: Helps the blood clot, natural sources include leafy…
Vitamin A
Vitamin: Helps develop eyesight, natural sources: fish, dairy…
Vitamin C
Vitamin: Helps heal wounds and fight infections, keeps hums h…
12 terms
vitamins & minerals
vitamin c (water soluble)
thiamin (water soluble)
riboflavin (water soluble)
niacin (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: citrus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
RDA: 1.1/1.3 mg... source: dairy, meat, fish, enriched bread, mi…
RDA: 14/16 mg... source: most foods... deficiencies: pellagra (diet…
vitamin c (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: citrus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
thiamin (water soluble)
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
20 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Nutrients
Nutrition
Carboydrates
Fiber
Are substances in food that your body needs.
The study of nutrients and how the body uses them
Are sugars and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly…
Is the parts of fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans that yo…
Nutrients
Are substances in food that your body needs.
Nutrition
The study of nutrients and how the body uses them
33 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Helps your skin, found in grain products & dark green veggies
Helps formation of blood clotting agents
Vitamin A
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Vitamin D
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
24 terms
Pharmacology Vitamins & Minerals list.
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Nicotinic acid
Pantothenic acid
B1
Thiamine
B2
Riboflavin
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines.
Enriched and whole grain breads and cereals, dry beans and pe…
Enriched breads and cereals, milk and other dairy products.
Meat, poultry, fish, enriched and whole grain breads.
Vitamin C
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines.
Thiamin
Enriched and whole grain breads and cereals, dry beans and pe…
13 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Calcium
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy. C…
Calcium's best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You…
Mineral that makes your teeth and bones strong. Also helps wi…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy. C…
15 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy.…
Calcium's best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy.…
17 terms
Vitamins/Minerals
Chromium
B12 (Cobalamin)
Folate
Vitamin C
glucose intolerance, peripheral neuropathy, associated w/ TPN…
Macrocytic Anemia, Neuro sx, Pernicious anemia. seen w/ Diphy…
Macrocytic Anemia WITHOUT neuro symptoms. lost more quickly t…
"Tea and Toast" diet of elderly; - bleeding gums, open, old w…
Chromium
glucose intolerance, peripheral neuropathy, associated w/ TPN…
B12 (Cobalamin)
Macrocytic Anemia, Neuro sx, Pernicious anemia. seen w/ Diphy…
15 terms
vitamins & minerals
vitamin c (water soluble)
thiamin (water soluble)
riboflavin (water soluble)
niacin (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: circus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
RDA: 1.1/1.3 mg... source: dairy, meat, fish, enriched bread, mi…
RDA: 14/16 mg... source: most foods... deficiencies: pellagra (diet…
vitamin c (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: circus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
thiamin (water soluble)
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
50 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Calcium
Phosphorus
Potassium
Sulfur
Most abundant mineral in the human body, found mostly in teet…
Major energy source (ATP) for every cell in the body, also fo…
Major positive ion within intracellular fluid, plays a signif…
Main component in protein structure and function, also found…
Calcium
Most abundant mineral in the human body, found mostly in teet…
Phosphorus
Major energy source (ATP) for every cell in the body, also fo…
143 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Micronutrients
Vitamins
Minerals
Bioavailability
Composed of vitamins and minerals, these are essential for hu…
Organic and complex molecules that contain carbon and they ar…
inorganic, singular elements... -includes major minerals and tra…
Mineral and vitamin absorption is much lower than macronutrie…
Micronutrients
Composed of vitamins and minerals, these are essential for hu…
Vitamins
Organic and complex molecules that contain carbon and they ar…
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Thiamin (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Niacin (vitamin B3)
keeps capillaries, bones, skin, and teeth healthy... necessary f…
Turns carbs into energy. Helps with muscle coordination and a…
helps the body release energy from carbs, proteins, and fats.…
helps the body release energy from carbs, proteins, and fats.…
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
keeps capillaries, bones, skin, and teeth healthy... necessary f…
Thiamin (vitamin B1)
Turns carbs into energy. Helps with muscle coordination and a…
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
absorbic acid: helps maintain healthy capillaries, bones, ski…
cereal, dry beans and peas. Helps return carbs into energy mu…
milk, diary products, eggs, meat, fish. ... Helps body releases…
meat, poultry, fish, peanuts. ... Helps body release energy from…
Vitamin C
absorbic acid: helps maintain healthy capillaries, bones, ski…
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
cereal, dry beans and peas. Helps return carbs into energy mu…
vitamins and minerals
vitamin A
vitamin D
vitamin C
Vitamin E
keeps the eyes, hair, and teeth healthy
builds bones and teeth
helps heart cells and muscle function
helps form and maintain cells
vitamin A
keeps the eyes, hair, and teeth healthy
vitamin D
builds bones and teeth
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
62 terms
Pharmacology Vitamin & Mineral Replacement
Organic chemicals that are necessary f…
Fat soluble vitamins include
What kind of vitamins are metabolized…
Which vitamin has a risk factor for he…
vitamins
A,D,E,K
fat soluble vitamins
Vitamin E
Organic chemicals that are necessary f…
vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins include
A,D,E,K
57 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
In general, ___-soluble vitamins are s…
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
What non-B vitamin is water-soluble?
Vitamin B1
fat = stored... water = excreted... note: some exceptions, e.g. B1…
ADEK
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
thiamine
In general, ___-soluble vitamins are s…
fat = stored... water = excreted... note: some exceptions, e.g. B1…
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
ADEK
17 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Retinol
Calciferol or Cholecalciferol
Tocopherol
Phytonadione
Vitamin A
Retinol
Vitamin D
Calciferol or Cholecalciferol
57 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Riboflavin Toxicity (B2)
Riboflavin Deficiency (B2)
Riboflavin Sources (B2)
Thiamin Toxicity (B1)
Toxicity: Toxicity has not been reported; excessive consumpti…
Deficiency: Swollen lips, cheilosis, glossitis, and seborrhei…
Sources: Milk is a major source, Small amounts from enriched…
Toxicity: Excess is excreted in urine. Supplemental vitamins…
Riboflavin Toxicity (B2)
Toxicity: Toxicity has not been reported; excessive consumpti…
Riboflavin Deficiency (B2)
Deficiency: Swollen lips, cheilosis, glossitis, and seborrhei…
24 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Niacin
Riboflavin
Vitamin E
Vitamin B12
converts food into glucose for energy
body growth and red blood cell production
protects body from free radicals
helps metabolism
Niacin
converts food into glucose for energy
Riboflavin
body growth and red blood cell production
122 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vit A functions
Vit A food sources
Vit A Toxicity
retinol, retinal, retinoic acid
color vision, cell differentiation, healthy bones and immune…
Preformed retinol: beef/ chicken liver, egg yolks, milk... Carot…
fatigue, bone and joint pain, spontaneous abortion, birth def…
Vitamin A
retinol, retinal, retinoic acid
Vit A functions
color vision, cell differentiation, healthy bones and immune…
73 terms
vitamins and minerals
vitamins
minerals
nutritional support
nutrition and nursing
-Regulate or participate in chemical reactions within the bod…
-Inorganic elements and salts... -Also binds with enzymes to h…
-Metabolism: nutrients that undergo chemical changes when ing…
-Malnutrition is any disorder of nutrition... -Decreases organ s…
vitamins
-Regulate or participate in chemical reactions within the bod…
minerals
-Inorganic elements and salts... -Also binds with enzymes to h…
143 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin C
Vitamin C
Vitamin C
Vitamin C
Acts as an antioxidant defending against free radicals in wat…
Is a cofactor in collagen formation specifically in the hydro…
Dietary form is ascorbic acid
Deficiency symptoms include bleeding gums and pinpoint hemorr…
Vitamin C
Acts as an antioxidant defending against free radicals in wat…
Vitamin C
Is a cofactor in collagen formation specifically in the hydro…
42 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Which vitamins are fat soluble
Which vitamins are water soluble
What are minerals
Vitamin A Deficiency (3)
adek
C and B
inorganic elements that attach to enzymes or other organic mo…
Night blindness, blindness and skin dysfunction
Which vitamins are fat soluble
adek
Which vitamins are water soluble
C and B
31 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
prevents eye problems, promotes a healthy immune system, is e…
needed to form collagen, a tissue that helps to hold cells to…
strengthens bones because it helps the body absorb bone-build…
antioxidant and helps protect cells from damage. It is also i…
Vitamin A
prevents eye problems, promotes a healthy immune system, is e…
Vitamin C
needed to form collagen, a tissue that helps to hold cells to…
27 terms
Vitamins/ Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin B1
retinol
ergocalciferol
tocopherol
thiamine
Vitamin A
retinol
Vitamin D
ergocalciferol
15 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Fat Soluble Vtamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
A, D, E, K
C, B12, Folate (Folic Acid)
Function: Night and color vision; Cellular growth and maturit…
Function: Regulates Blood Calcium Levels; Regulates Rate of D…
Fat Soluble Vtamins
A, D, E, K
Water Soluble Vitamins
C, B12, Folate (Folic Acid)
33 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Helps your skin, found in grain products & dark green veggies
Helps formation of blood clotting agents
Vitamin A
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Vitamin D
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
B-Complex Vitamins
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Helps eyes adjust to darkness... Keeps skin healthy... Protects lin…
Help carbohydrates, fats, and proteins produce energy
Promotes growth, appetite, and digestion... Helps keep nervous s…
Helps keep eyes and skin healthy
Vitamin A
Helps eyes adjust to darkness... Keeps skin healthy... Protects lin…
B-Complex Vitamins
Help carbohydrates, fats, and proteins produce energy
12 terms
Vitamins/Minerals
Vitamin A-Beta Carotene; Fat Soluble V…
Vitamin D; Fat Soluble Vitamin
Thiamin; Water Soluble Vitamin
B6; Water Soluble Vitamin
Helps our vision, gives us healthier skin and enhances bone a…
Helps maintain normal blood levels, and helps us hace strong…
Helps our nervous system and muscle function, also present in…
Needed for proper brain development, helps produce hormones,…
Vitamin A-Beta Carotene; Fat Soluble V…
Helps our vision, gives us healthier skin and enhances bone a…
Vitamin D; Fat Soluble Vitamin
Helps maintain normal blood levels, and helps us hace strong…
20 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
A (Carotene)
B1 (Thiamine)
B2 (Riboflavin)
B6 (Pyridoxine)
Formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes…
Helps the body release energy from carbs during metabolism; g…
Helps the body release energy from protein, fat, and carbohyd…
Helps build body tissue and aids in metabolism of proteins
A (Carotene)
Formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes…
B1 (Thiamine)
Helps the body release energy from carbs during metabolism; g…
38 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
K,A,D,E vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
Fat soluble vitamins, stored in fatty tisue, need bile in ord…
Keeps skin moist, prevents night blindness and ulcers of the…
Most effective Antioxidant! Stimulates immune and reproductiv…
Protects bones and immune system "sunshine vitamin". Needed t…
K,A,D,E vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins, stored in fatty tisue, need bile in ord…
Vitamin A
Keeps skin moist, prevents night blindness and ulcers of the…
8 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Helps resist infections. Helps maintain skin, hair and body m…
Needed by bones and teeth. Aids in healing wounds and aids in…
Helps build strong bones and teeth.
Prevents damage to cell membranes, helps tissues handle fatty…
Vitamin A
Helps resist infections. Helps maintain skin, hair and body m…
Vitamin C
Needed by bones and teeth. Aids in healing wounds and aids in…
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