Study sets matching "vitamins vitamins minerals vitamins minerals pharmacology"

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Study sets matching "vitamins vitamins minerals vitamins minerals pharmacology"

73 terms
Pharmacology: Vitamins and minerals
vitamins
minerals
nutritional support
nutrition and nursing
-Regulate or participate in chemical reactions within the bod…
-Inorganic elements and salts... -Also binds with enzymes to h…
-Metabolism: nutrients that undergo chemical changes when ing…
-Malnutrition is any disorder of nutrition... -Decreases organ s…
vitamins
-Regulate or participate in chemical reactions within the bod…
minerals
-Inorganic elements and salts... -Also binds with enzymes to h…
Pharmacology vitamins, minerals, & herbs
Carbohydrates and fats
proteins
water and electrolytes
vitamins, minerals, and water
heat and energy
provide energy and build, repair body tissue
maintain acid-base balance
regulate body processes, circulation, respiration, digestion,…
Carbohydrates and fats
heat and energy
proteins
provide energy and build, repair body tissue
Pharmacology vitamins & minerals
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
A,D,E,K; stored in liver & fatty tissues; deficiencies occur…
B1thiamine,B2Riboflavin,B3Niacin,B5Pantothenic acid,B6Pyridox…
fat soluble; essential for night & normal vision (eyes),requi…
Fat soluble; Sunshine vitamin, calcifediol(calderol), calcitr…
Fat Soluble Vitamins
A,D,E,K; stored in liver & fatty tissues; deficiencies occur…
Water Soluble Vitamins
B1thiamine,B2Riboflavin,B3Niacin,B5Pantothenic acid,B6Pyridox…
Pharmacology: Vitamins and Minerals
vision, nerves, and growth
milk, liver, cantaloupe, sweet potatoe…
blindness, stundted growth, impaired i…
loss of appetite, blurred vision, abdo…
Vitamin A function
Vitamin A food sources
Vitamin A deficiencies
Vitamin A toxicities
vision, nerves, and growth
Vitamin A function
milk, liver, cantaloupe, sweet potatoe…
Vitamin A food sources
20 terms
Pharmacology: Vitamins & Minerals
fat soluble vitamins
deficiency of vitamin C
deficiency of vitamin D and calcium in…
pernicious anemia
A, D, E, K
scurvy
osteoporosis
B12 deficiency
fat soluble vitamins
A, D, E, K
deficiency of vitamin C
scurvy
12 terms
Vitamins and Minerals (Pharmacology)
Water Soluble
Fat Soluble
Vitamin C
Wound Healing
vitamin B and C
vitamin A,D,E,K
-deficiency = Scurvy... -found in dark leafy greens and fruits... -…
-vitamin C helps
Water Soluble
vitamin B and C
Fat Soluble
vitamin A,D,E,K
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Calciums best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You g…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Pharmacology 1 - Vitamins and Minerals
Niacin
Niacin
Niacin deficiency
signs are severe Niacin deficiency
Precursor for NAD and NADP
Dietary co-enzyme that is hydrolyzed in the GI into nicotonic…
Pellagra (rough skin)... associated with maize-based diet
(4D disease)... Dermatitis... Diarrhea... Dementia... Death
Niacin
Precursor for NAD and NADP
Niacin
Dietary co-enzyme that is hydrolyzed in the GI into nicotonic…
43 terms
Vitamins, Minerals and Herbals - Pharmacology
Nutrients
Non-Essential Nutrients
Essential Nutrients
Vitamins
a substance obtained from food and used for growth, maintenan…
can be synthesized by the body, cholesterol
cannot be made by the body in high enough amounts to sustain…
any organic compound required in the diet for normal growth,…
Nutrients
a substance obtained from food and used for growth, maintenan…
Non-Essential Nutrients
can be synthesized by the body, cholesterol
vitamins and minerals
vitamin A
vitamin D
vitamin C
Vitamin E
keeps the eyes, hair, and teeth healthy
builds bones and teeth
helps heart cells and muscle function
helps form and maintain cells
vitamin A
keeps the eyes, hair, and teeth healthy
vitamin D
builds bones and teeth
9 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Calciums BFF. Helps the body to absorb calcium. Dairy product…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
8 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Vitamin: Helps develop eyesight, natural sources: fish, dairy…
Vitamin: Helps heal wounds and fight infections, keeps hums h…
Vitamin: Helps bones grow by increasing calcium absorption, n…
Vitamin: Helps the blood clot, natural sources include leafy…
Vitamin A
Vitamin: Helps develop eyesight, natural sources: fish, dairy…
Vitamin C
Vitamin: Helps heal wounds and fight infections, keeps hums h…
33 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Helps your skin, found in grain products & dark green veggies
Helps formation of blood clotting agents
Vitamin A
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Vitamin D
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Pharmacology vitamins & minerals
Vitamins A, D, E and K
Beta-carotene precursor, eye disease a…
Vitamins C, E, beta-carotene and selen…
Used in alcoholism, enriched grains, f…
Fat soluble vitamins
Vitamin A
Antioxidants
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamins A, D, E and K
Fat soluble vitamins
Beta-carotene precursor, eye disease a…
Vitamin A
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines.
Enriched and whole grain breads and cereals, dry beans and pe…
Enriched breads and cereals, milk and other dairy products.
Meat, poultry, fish, enriched and whole grain breads.
Vitamin C
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines.
Thiamin
Enriched and whole grain breads and cereals, dry beans and pe…
Vitamins and Minerals
Nutrients
Nutrition
Carboydrates
Fiber
Are substances in food that your body needs.
The study of nutrients and how the body uses them
Are sugars and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly…
Is the parts of fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans that yo…
Nutrients
Are substances in food that your body needs.
Nutrition
The study of nutrients and how the body uses them
26 terms
Pharmacology: Vitamins, Minerals & Herbals
Aloe Vera
Black Cohosh
Chamomile
Don Quai
Topical... uses: minor burns, insect bites, sunburn... Oral... use…
Uses:... symptoms of menopause (hot flashes, palpitations,... irri…
Uses:... anti-spasmodic and anti-inflammatory effects on GI trac…
Uses... menstrual problems/menopausal symptoms ... Contains B 12…
Aloe Vera
Topical... uses: minor burns, insect bites, sunburn... Oral... use…
Black Cohosh
Uses:... symptoms of menopause (hot flashes, palpitations,... irri…
15 terms
vitamins & minerals
vitamin c (water soluble)
thiamin (water soluble)
riboflavin (water soluble)
niacin (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: circus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
RDA: 1.1/1.3 mg... source: dairy, meat, fish, enriched bread, mi…
RDA: 14/16 mg... source: most foods... deficiencies: pellagra (diet…
vitamin c (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: circus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
thiamin (water soluble)
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
122 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vit A functions
Vit A food sources
Vit A Toxicity
retinol, retinal, retinoic acid
color vision, cell differentiation, healthy bones and immune…
Preformed retinol: beef/ chicken liver, egg yolks, milk... Carot…
fatigue, bone and joint pain, spontaneous abortion, birth def…
Vitamin A
retinol, retinal, retinoic acid
Vit A functions
color vision, cell differentiation, healthy bones and immune…
20 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
A (Carotene)
B1 (Thiamine)
B2 (Riboflavin)
B6 (Pyridoxine)
Formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes…
Helps the body release energy from carbs during metabolism; g…
Helps the body release energy from protein, fat, and carbohyd…
Helps build body tissue and aids in metabolism of proteins
A (Carotene)
Formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes…
B1 (Thiamine)
Helps the body release energy from carbs during metabolism; g…
Vitamins and Minerals
Which vitamins are fat soluble
Which vitamins are water soluble
What are minerals
Vitamin A Deficiency (3)
adek
C and B
inorganic elements that attach to enzymes or other organic mo…
Night blindness, blindness and skin dysfunction
Which vitamins are fat soluble
adek
Which vitamins are water soluble
C and B
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Thiamin (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Niacin (vitamin B3)
keeps capillaries, bones, skin, and teeth healthy... necessary f…
Turns carbs into energy. Helps with muscle coordination and a…
helps the body release energy from carbs, proteins, and fats.…
helps the body release energy from carbs, proteins, and fats.…
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
keeps capillaries, bones, skin, and teeth healthy... necessary f…
Thiamin (vitamin B1)
Turns carbs into energy. Helps with muscle coordination and a…
143 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Micronutrients
Vitamins
Minerals
Bioavailability
Composed of vitamins and minerals, these are essential for hu…
Organic and complex molecules that contain carbon and they ar…
inorganic, singular elements... -includes major minerals and tra…
Mineral and vitamin absorption is much lower than macronutrie…
Micronutrients
Composed of vitamins and minerals, these are essential for hu…
Vitamins
Organic and complex molecules that contain carbon and they ar…
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
absorbic acid: helps maintain healthy capillaries, bones, ski…
cereal, dry beans and peas. Helps return carbs into energy mu…
milk, diary products, eggs, meat, fish. ... Helps body releases…
meat, poultry, fish, peanuts. ... Helps body release energy from…
Vitamin C
absorbic acid: helps maintain healthy capillaries, bones, ski…
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
cereal, dry beans and peas. Helps return carbs into energy mu…
30 terms
Pharmacology- vitamins and minerals
Fat soluble vitamins
Vitamin A deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency
VItamin E deficiency
Vitamin A (retinol)... Vitamin D (Calciferol)... Vitamin E (Tocophe…
Drying out of skin and mucous membranes... Dry eyes... Night blindn…
Rickets in children (bowing of legs)... Osteomalacia (softening…
Haemolytic anaemica in neonates
Fat soluble vitamins
Vitamin A (retinol)... Vitamin D (Calciferol)... Vitamin E (Tocophe…
Vitamin A deficiency
Drying out of skin and mucous membranes... Dry eyes... Night blindn…
Vitamins & Minerals
K,A,D,E vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
Fat soluble vitamins, stored in fatty tisue, need bile in ord…
Keeps skin moist, prevents night blindness and ulcers of the…
Most effective Antioxidant! Stimulates immune and reproductiv…
Protects bones and immune system "sunshine vitamin". Needed t…
K,A,D,E vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins, stored in fatty tisue, need bile in ord…
Vitamin A
Keeps skin moist, prevents night blindness and ulcers of the…
82 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 53 Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins. What are they?
What are the vitamins that our own bod…
Water-Soluble Vitamins
Fat-Soluble Vitamins
-Organic molecules needed in small quantities for normal meta…
-Vitamin K and vitamin B complex obtained by synthesis by nor…
-( B-complex group and vitamin C)... - Can be dissolved in water…
- ( Vitamins A, D, E, K)... - Present in both plant and animal f…
Vitamins. What are they?
-Organic molecules needed in small quantities for normal meta…
What are the vitamins that our own bod…
-Vitamin K and vitamin B complex obtained by synthesis by nor…
17 terms
Vitamins/Minerals
Chromium
B12 (Cobalamin)
Folate
Vitamin C
glucose intolerance, peripheral neuropathy, associated w/ TPN…
Macrocytic Anemia, Neuro sx, Pernicious anemia. seen w/ Diphy…
Macrocytic Anemia WITHOUT neuro symptoms. lost more quickly t…
"Tea and Toast" diet of elderly; - bleeding gums, open, old w…
Chromium
glucose intolerance, peripheral neuropathy, associated w/ TPN…
B12 (Cobalamin)
Macrocytic Anemia, Neuro sx, Pernicious anemia. seen w/ Diphy…
17 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Retinol
Calciferol or Cholecalciferol
Tocopherol
Phytonadione
Vitamin A
Retinol
Vitamin D
Calciferol or Cholecalciferol
57 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
In general, ___-soluble vitamins are s…
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
What non-B vitamin is water-soluble?
Vitamin B1
fat = stored... water = excreted... note: some exceptions, e.g. B1…
ADEK
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
thiamine
In general, ___-soluble vitamins are s…
fat = stored... water = excreted... note: some exceptions, e.g. B1…
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
ADEK
24 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Niacin
Riboflavin
Vitamin E
Vitamin B12
converts food into glucose for energy
body growth and red blood cell production
protects body from free radicals
helps metabolism
Niacin
converts food into glucose for energy
Riboflavin
body growth and red blood cell production
77 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Sulfur: role
Sulfur: source
Vitamin K: role
Vitamin K deficiency
stabilize protein structure... detoxify alcohol/drugs
protein
blood clotting
malabsorption of fats
Sulfur: role
stabilize protein structure... detoxify alcohol/drugs
Sulfur: source
protein
22 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Why does the nurse administering antib…
A patient takes vitamin A daily becaus…
A female patient tells the nurse that…
A patient is going to start chemothera…
D. Prevents overgrowth of harmful bacteria... Supplying a patie…
A. Itching... B. Dry skin... D. Night sweats... Clinical indicators o…
A. Fatigue and headache... Under the current regimen, the patie…
C. Vitamin E... Vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant, kills cancer…
Why does the nurse administering antib…
D. Prevents overgrowth of harmful bacteria... Supplying a patie…
A patient takes vitamin A daily becaus…
A. Itching... B. Dry skin... D. Night sweats... Clinical indicators o…
Vitamins & Minerals
Describe the vitamins and minerals tha…
Describe some of the major dietary sou…
Describe the role of micronutrients in…
Describe the effects of exercise train…
-Organic compounds essential to the diet in very small amount…
Occur naturally in foods ... -can be added through fortification…
-several minerals , including calcium, phosphorus, and fluori…
-little evidence suggest that the vitamin intakes of athletes…
Describe the vitamins and minerals tha…
-Organic compounds essential to the diet in very small amount…
Describe some of the major dietary sou…
Occur naturally in foods ... -can be added through fortification…
82 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 53 Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins. What are they?
What are the vitamins that our own bod…
Water-Soluble Vitamins
Fat-Soluble Vitamins
-Organic molecules needed in small quantities for normal meta…
-Vitamin K and vitamin B complex obtained by synthesis by nor…
-( B-complex group and vitamin C)... - Can be dissolved in water…
- ( Vitamins A, D, E, K)... - Present in both plant and animal f…
Vitamins. What are they?
-Organic molecules needed in small quantities for normal meta…
What are the vitamins that our own bod…
-Vitamin K and vitamin B complex obtained by synthesis by nor…
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
vitamins and minerals
vitamin D functions
thiamin functions
niacin functions
riboflavin functions
bone growth and development, controls Ca levels in blood, als…
energy production, developing and managing a healthy nervous…
energy production and mitochondrial metabolism
aerobic energy production from CHO, protein and fats
vitamin D functions
bone growth and development, controls Ca levels in blood, als…
thiamin functions
energy production, developing and managing a healthy nervous…
125 terms
vitamins and minerals
fat soluble vitamins
vitamin A
vitamin A function
vitamin A forms
dissolve in lipids... require bile for absorption... stored in tiss…
fat soluble
vision, cell development, immune function, bone and body grow…
retinol... retinal... retinoic acid
fat soluble vitamins
dissolve in lipids... require bile for absorption... stored in tiss…
vitamin A
fat soluble
115 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Thiamin
Niacin
Riboflavin
Biotin
pork, grains
grains, potato,meat, legumes
grains, dark leafy greens, milk
grains, eggs, soy products
Thiamin
pork, grains
Niacin
grains, potato,meat, legumes
57 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Riboflavin Toxicity (B2)
Riboflavin Deficiency (B2)
Riboflavin Sources (B2)
Thiamin Toxicity (B1)
Toxicity: Toxicity has not been reported; excessive consumpti…
Deficiency: Swollen lips, cheilosis, glossitis, and seborrhei…
Sources: Milk is a major source, Small amounts from enriched…
Toxicity: Excess is excreted in urine. Supplemental vitamins…
Riboflavin Toxicity (B2)
Toxicity: Toxicity has not been reported; excessive consumpti…
Riboflavin Deficiency (B2)
Deficiency: Swollen lips, cheilosis, glossitis, and seborrhei…
24 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Potassium (facts)
Potassium (found in)
Calcium (facts)
Calcium (found it)
Keeps muscles and nervous system working right.
Dairy foods, fruits and veggies
Builds strong bones and teeth
Dairy products
Potassium (facts)
Keeps muscles and nervous system working right.
Potassium (found in)
Dairy foods, fruits and veggies
81 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Anemia
Avitaminos
Co enzyme
Co factor
A condition in which the blood doesn't have enough healthy re…
Any disease caused by vitamin deficiency or deficiency in met…
a compound that activates an enzyme.
a non-protein chemical compound that is bound to a protein an…
Anemia
A condition in which the blood doesn't have enough healthy re…
Avitaminos
Any disease caused by vitamin deficiency or deficiency in met…
40 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Bioavailability
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Quantity & source... -Nutrition status & amount absorbed... -Other…
Absorbed & stored as lipids (Liver & fatty tissues)... -Not read…
Easily absorbed & excreted... -Coenzymes (B Vitamins) & antioxid…
Retinol, Retinoic Acid, Retinal (Vision), Betacarotene (precu…
Bioavailability
Quantity & source... -Nutrition status & amount absorbed... -Other…
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Absorbed & stored as lipids (Liver & fatty tissues)... -Not read…
73 terms
vitamins and minerals
vitamins
minerals
nutritional support
nutrition and nursing
-Regulate or participate in chemical reactions within the bod…
-Inorganic elements and salts... -Also binds with enzymes to h…
-Metabolism: nutrients that undergo chemical changes when ing…
-Malnutrition is any disorder of nutrition... -Decreases organ s…
vitamins
-Regulate or participate in chemical reactions within the bod…
minerals
-Inorganic elements and salts... -Also binds with enzymes to h…
140 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin Objectives
Non-energy producing organic substance…
Intake value estimated to meet the req…
Estimates of nutrient intakes designed…
1. Define components of dietary reference intakes... 2. Describ…
VITAMIN
ESTIMATED AVERAGE REQUIREMENT (EAR)
RECOMMENDED DAILY ALLOWANCE (RDA)
Vitamin Objectives
1. Define components of dietary reference intakes... 2. Describ…
Non-energy producing organic substance…
VITAMIN
vitamins & minerals
vitamin c (water soluble)
thiamin (water soluble)
riboflavin (water soluble)
niacin (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: citrus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
RDA: 1.1/1.3 mg... source: dairy, meat, fish, enriched bread, mi…
RDA: 14/16 mg... source: most foods... deficiencies: pellagra (diet…
vitamin c (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: citrus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
thiamin (water soluble)
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
Vitamins and minerals
Calcium Sources
Calcium functions
Calcium deficiency
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) sources
Dairy, kale
bone structure, blood clotting, hormone secretion
risk of osteoporosis
chicken, bananas, broccoli
Calcium Sources
Dairy, kale
Calcium functions
bone structure, blood clotting, hormone secretion
48 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
What are vitamins?
What are fat soluble vitamins?
What are water soluble vitamins?
What are the 4 fat soluble vitamins?
essential organic compounds required in small amounts
vitamins that can dissolve in lipids, they are stored in live…
vitamins that can dissolve in water, absorbed in the small in…
Vitamins A, D (D2 and D3), E, and K
What are vitamins?
essential organic compounds required in small amounts
What are fat soluble vitamins?
vitamins that can dissolve in lipids, they are stored in live…
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