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Study sets matching "vitamins vitamins minerals"

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Study sets matching "vitamins vitamins minerals"

14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
10 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Calciums best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You g…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
9 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
Calciums BFF. Helps the body to absorb calcium. Dairy product…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. Prevents scurvy. Citrus fruits and dark…
8 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Vitamin: Helps develop eyesight, natural sources: fish, dairy…
Vitamin: Helps heal wounds and fight infections, keeps hums h…
Vitamin: Helps bones grow by increasing calcium absorption, n…
Vitamin: Helps the blood clot, natural sources include leafy…
Vitamin A
Vitamin: Helps develop eyesight, natural sources: fish, dairy…
Vitamin C
Vitamin: Helps heal wounds and fight infections, keeps hums h…
20 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Nutrients
Nutrition
Carboydrates
Fiber
Are substances in food that your body needs.
The study of nutrients and how the body uses them
Are sugars and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly…
Is the parts of fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans that yo…
Nutrients
Are substances in food that your body needs.
Nutrition
The study of nutrients and how the body uses them
12 terms
vitamins & minerals
vitamin c (water soluble)
thiamin (water soluble)
riboflavin (water soluble)
niacin (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: citrus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
RDA: 1.1/1.3 mg... source: dairy, meat, fish, enriched bread, mi…
RDA: 14/16 mg... source: most foods... deficiencies: pellagra (diet…
vitamin c (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: citrus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
thiamin (water soluble)
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
13 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Calcium
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy. C…
Calcium's best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You…
Mineral that makes your teeth and bones strong. Also helps wi…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy. C…
15 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Helps immune system. and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy.…
Calcium's best friend, Helps the body to absorb calcium. You…
Helps with blood clotting. Dark green vegetables like broccol…
Vitamin A
Helps maintain healthy skin and prevent night blindness. Brig…
Vitamin C
Helps immune system. and healing of wounds. Prevents scurvy.…
33 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Helps your skin, found in grain products & dark green veggies
Helps formation of blood clotting agents
Vitamin A
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Vitamin D
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
17 terms
Vitamins/Minerals
Chromium
B12 (Cobalamin)
Folate
Vitamin C
glucose intolerance, peripheral neuropathy, associated w/ TPN…
Macrocytic Anemia, Neuro sx, Pernicious anemia. seen w/ Diphy…
Macrocytic Anemia WITHOUT neuro symptoms. lost more quickly t…
"Tea and Toast" diet of elderly; - bleeding gums, open, old w…
Chromium
glucose intolerance, peripheral neuropathy, associated w/ TPN…
B12 (Cobalamin)
Macrocytic Anemia, Neuro sx, Pernicious anemia. seen w/ Diphy…
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines.
Enriched and whole grain breads and cereals, dry beans and pe…
Enriched breads and cereals, milk and other dairy products.
Meat, poultry, fish, enriched and whole grain breads.
Vitamin C
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines.
Thiamin
Enriched and whole grain breads and cereals, dry beans and pe…
15 terms
vitamins & minerals
vitamin c (water soluble)
thiamin (water soluble)
riboflavin (water soluble)
niacin (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: circus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
RDA: 1.1/1.3 mg... source: dairy, meat, fish, enriched bread, mi…
RDA: 14/16 mg... source: most foods... deficiencies: pellagra (diet…
vitamin c (water soluble)
RDA: 75/90 mg... source: circus, potato... deficiencies: scurvy... as…
thiamin (water soluble)
RDA: 1.1/1.2 mg... source: cereals, legumes, yeast, pork... deficie…
50 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Calcium
Phosphorus
Potassium
Sulfur
Most abundant mineral in the human body, found mostly in teet…
Major energy source (ATP) for every cell in the body, also fo…
Major positive ion within intracellular fluid, plays a signif…
Main component in protein structure and function, also found…
Calcium
Most abundant mineral in the human body, found mostly in teet…
Phosphorus
Major energy source (ATP) for every cell in the body, also fo…
143 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Micronutrients
Vitamins
Minerals
Bioavailability
Composed of vitamins and minerals, these are essential for hu…
Organic and complex molecules that contain carbon and they ar…
inorganic, singular elements... -includes major minerals and tra…
Mineral and vitamin absorption is much lower than macronutrie…
Micronutrients
Composed of vitamins and minerals, these are essential for hu…
Vitamins
Organic and complex molecules that contain carbon and they ar…
vitamins and minerals
vitamin A
vitamin D
vitamin C
Vitamin E
keeps the eyes, hair, and teeth healthy
builds bones and teeth
helps heart cells and muscle function
helps form and maintain cells
vitamin A
keeps the eyes, hair, and teeth healthy
vitamin D
builds bones and teeth
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Thiamin (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Niacin (vitamin B3)
keeps capillaries, bones, skin, and teeth healthy... necessary f…
Turns carbs into energy. Helps with muscle coordination and a…
helps the body release energy from carbs, proteins, and fats.…
helps the body release energy from carbs, proteins, and fats.…
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
keeps capillaries, bones, skin, and teeth healthy... necessary f…
Thiamin (vitamin B1)
Turns carbs into energy. Helps with muscle coordination and a…
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin C
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
absorbic acid: helps maintain healthy capillaries, bones, ski…
cereal, dry beans and peas. Helps return carbs into energy mu…
milk, diary products, eggs, meat, fish. ... Helps body releases…
meat, poultry, fish, peanuts. ... Helps body release energy from…
Vitamin C
absorbic acid: helps maintain healthy capillaries, bones, ski…
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
cereal, dry beans and peas. Helps return carbs into energy mu…
122 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vit A functions
Vit A food sources
Vit A Toxicity
retinol, retinal, retinoic acid
color vision, cell differentiation, healthy bones and immune…
Preformed retinol: beef/ chicken liver, egg yolks, milk... Carot…
fatigue, bone and joint pain, spontaneous abortion, birth def…
Vitamin A
retinol, retinal, retinoic acid
Vit A functions
color vision, cell differentiation, healthy bones and immune…
143 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin C
Vitamin C
Vitamin C
Vitamin C
Acts as an antioxidant defending against free radicals in wat…
Is a cofactor in collagen formation specifically in the hydro…
Dietary form is ascorbic acid
Deficiency symptoms include bleeding gums and pinpoint hemorr…
Vitamin C
Acts as an antioxidant defending against free radicals in wat…
Vitamin C
Is a cofactor in collagen formation specifically in the hydro…
31 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
prevents eye problems, promotes a healthy immune system, is e…
needed to form collagen, a tissue that helps to hold cells to…
strengthens bones because it helps the body absorb bone-build…
antioxidant and helps protect cells from damage. It is also i…
Vitamin A
prevents eye problems, promotes a healthy immune system, is e…
Vitamin C
needed to form collagen, a tissue that helps to hold cells to…
27 terms
Vitamins/ Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin B1
retinol
ergocalciferol
tocopherol
thiamine
Vitamin A
retinol
Vitamin D
ergocalciferol
15 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Fat Soluble Vtamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
A, D, E, K
C, B12, Folate (Folic Acid)
Function: Night and color vision; Cellular growth and maturit…
Function: Regulates Blood Calcium Levels; Regulates Rate of D…
Fat Soluble Vtamins
A, D, E, K
Water Soluble Vitamins
C, B12, Folate (Folic Acid)
33 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Helps your skin, found in grain products & dark green veggies
Helps formation of blood clotting agents
Vitamin A
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Vitamin D
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
20 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
A (Carotene)
B1 (Thiamine)
B2 (Riboflavin)
B6 (Pyridoxine)
Formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes…
Helps the body release energy from carbs during metabolism; g…
Helps the body release energy from protein, fat, and carbohyd…
Helps build body tissue and aids in metabolism of proteins
A (Carotene)
Formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes…
B1 (Thiamine)
Helps the body release energy from carbs during metabolism; g…
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
B-Complex Vitamins
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Helps eyes adjust to darkness... Keeps skin healthy... Protects lin…
Help carbohydrates, fats, and proteins produce energy
Promotes growth, appetite, and digestion... Helps keep nervous s…
Helps keep eyes and skin healthy
Vitamin A
Helps eyes adjust to darkness... Keeps skin healthy... Protects lin…
B-Complex Vitamins
Help carbohydrates, fats, and proteins produce energy
8 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Helps resist infections. Helps maintain skin, hair and body m…
Needed by bones and teeth. Aids in healing wounds and aids in…
Helps build strong bones and teeth.
Prevents damage to cell membranes, helps tissues handle fatty…
Vitamin A
Helps resist infections. Helps maintain skin, hair and body m…
Vitamin C
Needed by bones and teeth. Aids in healing wounds and aids in…
33 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin - naturally in sunl…
Helps your skin, found in grain products & dark green veggies
Helps formation of blood clotting agents
Vitamin A
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Vitamin D
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin - naturally in sunl…
24 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
Helps your skin, found in grain products & dark green veggies
Helps formation of blood clotting agents
Vitamin A
Night blindness/ eyes sensitive, found in green & yellow/oran…
Vitamin D
Lack of causes Rickets, made on your skin
12 terms
Vitamins/Minerals
Vitamin A-Beta Carotene; Fat Soluble V…
Vitamin D; Fat Soluble Vitamin
Thiamin; Water Soluble Vitamin
B6; Water Soluble Vitamin
Helps our vision, gives us healthier skin and enhances bone a…
Helps maintain normal blood levels, and helps us hace strong…
Helps our nervous system and muscle function, also present in…
Needed for proper brain development, helps produce hormones,…
Vitamin A-Beta Carotene; Fat Soluble V…
Helps our vision, gives us healthier skin and enhances bone a…
Vitamin D; Fat Soluble Vitamin
Helps maintain normal blood levels, and helps us hace strong…
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3
-aka retinol... -functions with rhodopsin in the 11-cis retinal…
-AKA thiamine... -functions as a cofactor TPP/thiamine pyrophosp…
-AKA Riboflavin... -Part of FAD and FMN cofactors, part of 7 imp…
-AKA niacin, active forms=nicotinic acid, nicotinamide... -part…
Vitamin A
-aka retinol... -functions with rhodopsin in the 11-cis retinal…
Vitamin B1
-AKA thiamine... -functions as a cofactor TPP/thiamine pyrophosp…
32 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Bone Growth, tooth development, reproduction, cell division,…
Acts like an antioxidant, and protects vitamins A and C, whic…
Helps keep up immunity and controlling cell growth. Also, hel…
normal blood clotting, promoting bone health, and helping to…
Vitamin A
Bone Growth, tooth development, reproduction, cell division,…
Vitamin E
Acts like an antioxidant, and protects vitamins A and C, whic…
15 terms
VITAMINS & MINERALS
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3
retinol... retinal (in eye) function, bone growth
thiamine... carbohydrate metabolism (trao doi chat)
riboflavin... tissue respiration
niacin... lipid metabolism
Vitamin A
retinol... retinal (in eye) function, bone growth
Vitamin B1
thiamine... carbohydrate metabolism (trao doi chat)
38 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
K,A,D,E vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
Fat soluble vitamins, stored in fatty tisue, need bile in ord…
Keeps skin moist, prevents night blindness and ulcers of the…
Most effective Antioxidant! Stimulates immune and reproductiv…
Protects bones and immune system "sunshine vitamin". Needed t…
K,A,D,E vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins, stored in fatty tisue, need bile in ord…
Vitamin A
Keeps skin moist, prevents night blindness and ulcers of the…
11 terms
Vitamins & Minerals
cripple
substance
vitamin
isolate
to make (something) unable to work normally ... or to damage (so…
a material of a certain kind
a natural substance that that helps your body to be healthy
to separate from another substance
cripple
to make (something) unable to work normally ... or to damage (so…
substance
a material of a certain kind
77 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Sulfur: role
Sulfur: source
Vitamin K: role
Vitamin K deficiency
stabilize protein structure... detoxify alcohol/drugs
protein
blood clotting
malabsorption of fats
Sulfur: role
stabilize protein structure... detoxify alcohol/drugs
Sulfur: source
protein
14 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins
Vita
Vitamins A, D, E and K
Vitamin A (Retinol)
The last nutrients to be discovered
Latin word for "life"
Overconsumption of these vitamins can be dangerous. They are…
Necessary for growth, skin and sight
Vitamins
The last nutrients to be discovered
Vita
Latin word for "life"
13 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins
Fat-soluble vitamins
Water-soluble vitamins
Retinol
Organic compounds needed in small amounts in the diet to help…
Have non-polar molecule structure and dissolve in fats and oils
Have a polar molecular structure and dissolve in water and wa…
Is the active form of Vitamin A needed for use by the human b…
Vitamins
Organic compounds needed in small amounts in the diet to help…
Fat-soluble vitamins
Have non-polar molecule structure and dissolve in fats and oils
48 terms
vitamins and minerals
vitamin D functions
thiamin functions
niacin functions
riboflavin functions
bone growth and development, controls Ca levels in blood, als…
energy production, developing and managing a healthy nervous…
energy production and mitochondrial metabolism
aerobic energy production from CHO, protein and fats
vitamin D functions
bone growth and development, controls Ca levels in blood, als…
thiamin functions
energy production, developing and managing a healthy nervous…
125 terms
vitamins and minerals
fat soluble vitamins
vitamin A
vitamin A function
vitamin A forms
dissolve in lipids... require bile for absorption... stored in tiss…
fat soluble
vision, cell development, immune function, bone and body grow…
retinol... retinal... retinoic acid
fat soluble vitamins
dissolve in lipids... require bile for absorption... stored in tiss…
vitamin A
fat soluble
115 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Thiamin
Niacin
Riboflavin
Biotin
pork, grains
grains, potato,meat, legumes
grains, dark leafy greens, milk
grains, eggs, soy products
Thiamin
pork, grains
Niacin
grains, potato,meat, legumes
119 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Major functions of Calcium
Calcium Deficiency
Calcium Toxicity
Calcium food sources
Blood clotting, bone and tooth formation, cardiac rhythm regu…
heart palpitations, irritability, insomnia, muscle cramps, te…
drowsiness, lethargy, muscle flaccidty, nausea, vomiting, con…
cheese, milk, yougurt, nuts, legumes leavey veggies, fortinfi…
Major functions of Calcium
Blood clotting, bone and tooth formation, cardiac rhythm regu…
Calcium Deficiency
heart palpitations, irritability, insomnia, muscle cramps, te…
10 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Vitamin A
Provide energy
Provide energy, act as an energy store and provide instulation
Growth and repair
Improve vision, keep skin and hair healthy
Carbohydrates
Provide energy
Lipids
Provide energy, act as an energy store and provide instulation
24 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Potassium (facts)
Potassium (found in)
Calcium (facts)
Calcium (found it)
Keeps muscles and nervous system working right.
Dairy foods, fruits and veggies
Builds strong bones and teeth
Dairy products
Potassium (facts)
Keeps muscles and nervous system working right.
Potassium (found in)
Dairy foods, fruits and veggies
27 terms
vitamins and minerals
take home points
fat soluble
water soluble
macrominerals
1. fat soluble vitamins are co absorbed with dietary fat... - ex…
ADEK
B1 - thiamine... B2 - riboflavin... B3 - niacin ... B5 - pantothenic a…
calcium... phosphorus... magnesisum ... sodium ... potassium... chloride
take home points
1. fat soluble vitamins are co absorbed with dietary fat... - ex…
fat soluble
ADEK
28 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
Fish
Butter
Carrot
Broccoli
Vitamin A
Fish
Vitamin A
Butter
32 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Vision, comes from red/orange fruits and veggies; dark green…
health bones, comes from sunlight and fortified foods
Protects membranes of white and red blood cells
Blood clotting
Vitamin A
Vision, comes from red/orange fruits and veggies; dark green…
Vitamin D
health bones, comes from sunlight and fortified foods
25 terms
vitamins and minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin A is found in meat, fish,dairy…
Iron
Iron helps red blood cells carry oxyge…
Vitamin A promotes good vision. It may also be needed for rep…
Random Fact ... Vitamin A helps fight cancer.
Iron is found in pork, poultry, seafood, beans, dark greens,…
Random fact: Kale is rich in iron
Vitamin A
Vitamin A promotes good vision. It may also be needed for rep…
Vitamin A is found in meat, fish,dairy…
Random Fact ... Vitamin A helps fight cancer.
25 terms
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Maintains healthy skin, bones, teeth, and hair
Maintains bones and teath, helps in the use of calcium and ph…
Aids in maintenance of red blood cells, vitamin A, and fats
Aids in blood clotting
Vitamin A
Maintains healthy skin, bones, teeth, and hair
Vitamin D
Maintains bones and teath, helps in the use of calcium and ph…
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