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Study sets matching "vitamins"

13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
improves healing processes, is an antioxidant, help prevent d…
Needed for normal blood clotting, made by bacteria that live…
Vitamin A
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Vitamin D
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
17 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
It is good for eyes, skin and bones. It is found in chicken,…
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
Vitamin A
It is good for eyes, skin and bones. It is found in chicken,…
Vitamin B1
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
39 terms
Vitamins!
List the Fat soluble Vitamins
VitA function
VitA deficiency
VitD function
A, D, E, K
(retinol)... Function: vision, growth, differentiation of epithe…
deficiency causes: night blindness, xerophthalmeia (dryness),…
(calciferol)... function: enhances absorption of calcium and pho…
List the Fat soluble Vitamins
A, D, E, K
VitA function
(retinol)... Function: vision, growth, differentiation of epithe…
8 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B12
For skin, bones, teeth, hair and growth. Found in carrots, sp…
For releasing energy. Found in meat, nuts, milk.
For eye, mouth, tongue. Found in meat, milk, veg.
For healthy nerves. Found in animal produce.
Vitamin A
For skin, bones, teeth, hair and growth. Found in carrots, sp…
Vitamin B1
For releasing energy. Found in meat, nuts, milk.
12 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Vitamin A in excess
tissue and maintenance of epithelium, night blindness
Rickets
anticoagulant
caratenodermia
Vitamin A
tissue and maintenance of epithelium, night blindness
Vitamin D
Rickets
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin C
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
water- soluble, helps the body release energy for cabs, prote…
water- soluble, helps release energy from carbs, proteins, an…
Vitamin C
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
improves healing processes, is an antioxidant, help prevent d…
Needed for normal blood clotting, made by bacteria that live…
Vitamin A
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Vitamin D
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin C
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
water- soluble, helps the body release energy for cabs, prote…
water- soluble, helps release energy from carbs, proteins, an…
Vitamin C
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
11 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Helps with eyesight, found in carrots
Made in the skin by the sun, helps bones grow strong, found i…
Anti aging, keeps heart healthy, found in spinach and nuts
Helps blood clot, found in meat
Vitamin A
Helps with eyesight, found in carrots
Vitamin D
Made in the skin by the sun, helps bones grow strong, found i…
5 terms
vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Prevents night blindness, large amounts harmful to unborn bab…
Release of energy from foods. Found in cereals and meat.
Absorption of iron, protects and keeps cells healthy. Found i…
Absorption of calcium and strong bones and teeth. Found in fi…
Vitamin A
Prevents night blindness, large amounts harmful to unborn bab…
Vitamin B1
Release of energy from foods. Found in cereals and meat.
9 terms
Vitamins
Beta carotene
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Anti oxidant, vegetarian, 6::1
Releases Energy from CHO, nerves
Releases energy, nerves, skin. Lips, mouth,
Pellagra, 3ds, metabolism of protein, fat, CHO
Beta carotene
Anti oxidant, vegetarian, 6::1
Thiamin
Releases Energy from CHO, nerves
35 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A (Retinol) Function
Vitamin A (Retinol) Deficiency
Vitamin A (Retinol) Excess
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Function
Anti-oxidant; constituent of visual pigments, needed for diff…
Leads to night blindness (nycalopia), dry skin, corneal degen…
Acute: Nausea, vomiting, vertigo, and blurred vision... Chronic:…
Cofactor for four dehydrogenase enzyme reactions (in the form…
Vitamin A (Retinol) Function
Anti-oxidant; constituent of visual pigments, needed for diff…
Vitamin A (Retinol) Deficiency
Leads to night blindness (nycalopia), dry skin, corneal degen…
72 terms
Vitamins
Vitamins
Bioavailability
Solubility
Which Vitamins are Fat soluble?
organic compounds... -micronutrients... -needed in small quantiti…
The degree to which nutrients can be absorbed and utilized in…
the ability of a substance to dissolve in a solution
K, A, D & E... -soluble in fat... -require the presence of lipids a…
Vitamins
organic compounds... -micronutrients... -needed in small quantiti…
Bioavailability
The degree to which nutrients can be absorbed and utilized in…
27 terms
Vitamins
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Thiamin Symptoms
Thiamin Food Sources
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) symptoms
Helps turn carbohydrates into energy... Needed for muscle coordi…
Beriberi- muscle weakness, anorexia, enlarged heart, edema, w…
Whole grain and enriched products... Pork, liver, and other organ
Produces energy... Destroyed by light
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Helps turn carbohydrates into energy... Needed for muscle coordi…
Thiamin Symptoms
Beriberi- muscle weakness, anorexia, enlarged heart, edema, w…
20 terms
Vitamins
The water soluble vitamins.
This vitamin helps to prevent night bl…
This B vitamin helps to prevent damage…
This vitamin helps clot blood.
B and C
Vitamin A
Folic Acid ( Folate)
Vitamin K
The water soluble vitamins.
B and C
This vitamin helps to prevent night bl…
Vitamin A
315 terms
Vitamins
Definition of a Vitamin
A vitamin causes by its absence (or un…
T/F: Some compounds are vitamins for o…
T/F: Some compounds are vitamins only…
an organic compound distinct from fats, carbohydrates, and pr…
a specific deficiency syndrome... -not synthesized by animal in…
TRUE... - Vitamin C and Choline
TRUE... -Vitamin D and niacin
Definition of a Vitamin
an organic compound distinct from fats, carbohydrates, and pr…
A vitamin causes by its absence (or un…
a specific deficiency syndrome... -not synthesized by animal in…
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin C
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
water- soluble, helps the body release energy for cabs, prote…
water- soluble, helps release energy from carbs, proteins, an…
Vitamin C
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
8 terms
Vitamins
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Niacin
Pantothenic Acid
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamine
B1
Riboflavin
B2
12 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A (carotene)
Vitamin D (calciferol)
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
Vitamin K
Source: Yellow and green vegetables, fish-liver oil, liver, b…
Source: Fish oils, liver, made by body when exposed to sunlig…
Source: Green leafy vegetables, grains, liver... Use: Proper re…
Source: Green leafy vegetables, made by bacteria that live in…
Vitamin A (carotene)
Source: Yellow and green vegetables, fish-liver oil, liver, b…
Vitamin D (calciferol)
Source: Fish oils, liver, made by body when exposed to sunlig…
55 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
fat soluble
found in liver and carrots
carotenoids are precursors to this vitamin
deficiency causes night blindness
Vitamin A
fat soluble
Vitamin A
found in liver and carrots
15 terms
Vitamins
Antioxidants
Ascorbic acid
Beri beri
Betacarotene
Vitamins A, C and E, which protect the cells from harmful sub…
Another word for Vitamin C
Lack of vitamin B1
Vitamin A from plant sources
Antioxidants
Vitamins A, C and E, which protect the cells from harmful sub…
Ascorbic acid
Another word for Vitamin C
16 terms
Vitamins
The 13 Vitamins are processed in the b…
There are 9 vitamins that are Water So…
There are 4 vitamins that are Fat Solu…
The fat-soluble vitamins are
Water Soluble and Fat Soluble
These vitamins dissolve in water and exit out of the body - n…
These vitamins dissolve in fats and are stored in the body
A, D, E, K
The 13 Vitamins are processed in the b…
Water Soluble and Fat Soluble
There are 9 vitamins that are Water So…
These vitamins dissolve in water and exit out of the body - n…
5 terms
vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
cracking and bleeding lips - Cheilosis
promotes growth and mineralization of bones and teeth
antioxidant, synthesis of body compounds
blood clotting, prothrombin
Vitamin A
cracking and bleeding lips - Cheilosis
Vitamin D
promotes growth and mineralization of bones and teeth
24 terms
VITAMINS
Nightblindness
Carotene
Thiamin
Riboflavin
The deficiency disease for Vitamin A
a substance in yellow and orange fruits and vegetables that c…
Vitamin B 1
Vitamin B 2
Nightblindness
The deficiency disease for Vitamin A
Carotene
a substance in yellow and orange fruits and vegetables that c…
5 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Orange colored vegetables
Citrus fruits
Nuts, seeds
Dark Leafy Greens
Vitamin A
Orange colored vegetables
Vitamin C
Citrus fruits
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B12
Vitamin B9
Retinol
Thiamine
Cobalamin
Folic Acid
Vitamin A
Retinol
Vitamin B1
Thiamine
29 terms
vitamins
vitamin A... retinol
vitamin D
vitamin E
vitamin K
Helps maintain good vision (necessary for night vision), ... res…
Member of a large and cooperative bone-making and bone mainte…
Fat-soluble antioxidant. Helps maintain cell membranes, red b…
Helps make factors that promote blood clotting.
vitamin A... retinol
Helps maintain good vision (necessary for night vision), ... res…
vitamin D
Member of a large and cooperative bone-making and bone mainte…
9 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Beta-Carotene
Vitamin K
Vitamin D
-Vitamin A is the name of a group of fat-soluble retinoids.…
-A natural antioxidant that is used by the body to make Vitam…
-Helps blood clot, preventing excessive bleeding... -Also ensure…
-Essential for the absorption of calcium and for the formatio…
Vitamin A
-Vitamin A is the name of a group of fat-soluble retinoids.…
Beta-Carotene
-A natural antioxidant that is used by the body to make Vitam…
9 terms
Vitamins
to need
enough
to worry
French fries
потребувати
достатньо
переживати
картопля фрі
to need
потребувати
enough
достатньо
51 terms
Vitamins
What are vitamins?
Water Soluble
Water Soluble
Water Soluble
Organic molecules that exists in water and fat soluble forms
B-vitamins, choline, and Vitamin C
Dissolve in water
Easily transported in blood
What are vitamins?
Organic molecules that exists in water and fat soluble forms
Water Soluble
B-vitamins, choline, and Vitamin C
53 terms
Vitamins
antioxidants
beta-carotene
bioavailability
calcitriol
a substance that prevents damage to cells by inhibiting the o…
a pigment found in plants, and a precursor to vitamin A; also…
the degree to which nutrients can be absorbed and utilized by…
the active hormonal form of vitamin D that increases the abso…
antioxidants
a substance that prevents damage to cells by inhibiting the o…
beta-carotene
a pigment found in plants, and a precursor to vitamin A; also…
16 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin D Function
Vitamin D Deficiencies
Vitamin E Function
Vitamin E Deficiencies
maintain normal blood levels
low blood levels, bone aches
helps build muscle
stiffness, weakness, lameness
Vitamin D Function
maintain normal blood levels
Vitamin D Deficiencies
low blood levels, bone aches
6 terms
Vitamins
VITAMIN A (RETINAL)
VITAMIN A (RETINOL)
VITAMIN D2
VITAMIN D3
Role:... - tissue repair... - acne/skin/ulcer treatment... - eyes' pho…
Role:... - tissue repair... - acne/skin/ulcer treatment... - eyes' pho…
Role:... - Regulate Ca2+, Zn2+, Mg2+, phosphate and iron metabol…
Role:... - Regulate Ca2+, Zn2+, Mg2+, phosphate and iron metabol…
VITAMIN A (RETINAL)
Role:... - tissue repair... - acne/skin/ulcer treatment... - eyes' pho…
VITAMIN A (RETINOL)
Role:... - tissue repair... - acne/skin/ulcer treatment... - eyes' pho…
7 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B 12
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
helps to form and maintain vision, bone and tooth growth, and…
metabolism
promotes wound healing, healthy teeth and gums, used to fight…
helps with the absorption of calcium; can come from sun expos…
Vitamin A
helps to form and maintain vision, bone and tooth growth, and…
Vitamin B 12
metabolism
12 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin B1 thiamine
Vitamin B2 riboflavin
Vitamin B3 Niacin
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine
Coenzyme involved in ATP formation especially from carbohydra…
Component of coenzyme FAD... Sources: milk and cheese, eggs, mea…
Involved in formation of NAD+ ... Sources: meat, potatoes, peanu…
Coenzyme in amino acid and lipid metabolism... Sources: Meat, wh…
Vitamin B1 thiamine
Coenzyme involved in ATP formation especially from carbohydra…
Vitamin B2 riboflavin
Component of coenzyme FAD... Sources: milk and cheese, eggs, mea…
45 terms
Vitamins
a, d, e, k
c, b vitamins, lipoic acid
vitamin a
vitamin a
list fat soluble vitamins
list of water soluble vitamins
used for vision; combines with the protein opsin to form rhod…
used in blood cell differentiation; acts as a transcription f…
a, d, e, k
list fat soluble vitamins
c, b vitamins, lipoic acid
list of water soluble vitamins
7 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
improves healing processes, is an antioxidant, help prevent d…
Needed for normal blood clotting, made by bacteria that live…
Vitamin A
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Vitamin D
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
23 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin C
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
water- soluble, helps the body release energy for cabs, prote…
water- soluble, helps release energy from carbs, proteins, an…
Vitamin C
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
15 terms
Vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins - about
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E, and K. After b…
Vitamin A is essential to the eyes, epithelial tissue, normal…
Vitamin D increases the blood flow levels of minerals, notably…
Vitamin E functions as an antioxidant in cell membranes and i…
Fat soluble vitamins - about
Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E, and K. After b…
Vitamin A
Vitamin A is essential to the eyes, epithelial tissue, normal…
76 terms
Vitamins
Fat soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A functions
Retinol, Retinal, and Retinoic Acid
Retinol
Vitamins A, D, E, and K
Functions: Vision, cell development, immune function, bone/bo…
3 Forms of Vitamin A
Type of vitamin A. Functions: transport and storage. Consumed…
Fat soluble Vitamins
Vitamins A, D, E, and K
Vitamin A functions
Functions: Vision, cell development, immune function, bone/bo…
46 terms
Vitamins
__________________ are classified acco…
MCV>100; deficiency in VitB12 or Folate
Deficiency of this vitamin causes a de…
Neural tube in fetus develops into ___…
Nutritional Anemias
Macrocytic (also called Megaloblastic) Anemia
Folate
brain; spinal cord
__________________ are classified acco…
Nutritional Anemias
MCV>100; deficiency in VitB12 or Folate
Macrocytic (also called Megaloblastic) Anemia
65 terms
Vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins include: D, E, A,…
Malabsorption syndromes with steatorrh…
B1
B2
Absorption is dependent on gut and pancreas. Toxicities of fa…
Fat soluble vitamin deficiences
Thiamine : TPP
Riboflavin: FAD, FMN.
Fat soluble vitamins include: D, E, A,…
Absorption is dependent on gut and pancreas. Toxicities of fa…
Malabsorption syndromes with steatorrh…
Fat soluble vitamin deficiences
103 terms
Vitamins
vitamins
sources of vitamins
categories of vitamins
storage of FS vitamins
organic compounds that cannot be synthesized by animals but a…
diet, microorganisms in rumen, sun
fat soluble: A,D,E,K... water soluble: B and C
accumulate in fat tissue... can reach toxic levels
vitamins
organic compounds that cannot be synthesized by animals but a…
sources of vitamins
diet, microorganisms in rumen, sun
41 terms
Vitamins
Vita
Amine
Vitamins
Fat soluble
Required for life
Nitrogen containing
0 energy value... May help regulate the chemical reactions that…
VIT- A D E K... Absorbs with dietary fat and stored in the liver…
Vita
Required for life
Amine
Nitrogen containing
16 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin B6
Microcytic, hypochromic anemia
Biotin (Vitamin B7)
Folate (Vitamin B9)
A water soluble vitamin involved in the metabolism of protein…
A condition characterized by low concentrations of hemoglobin…
A water-soluble vitamin involved in energy metabolism that is…
A group of related water-soluble vitamins involved in single-…
Vitamin B6
A water soluble vitamin involved in the metabolism of protein…
Microcytic, hypochromic anemia
A condition characterized by low concentrations of hemoglobin…
22 terms
vitamins
what are vitamins necessary for
many vitamins are not produced in the…
can vitamins be synthesized
vitamins are...
normal body function
a well balanced diet
yes
essential food factors, chemicals in nature, present in certa…
what are vitamins necessary for
normal body function
many vitamins are not produced in the…
a well balanced diet
30 terms
Vitamins
Fat Soluble Vitamin Characteristics
More likely to be toxic: Fat or Water…
The four Fat Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A Functions
Dissolve in lipids... Stored in tissues... Require bile for absorpt…
Fat soluble vitamins are more likely to be toxic because they…
A, D, E, and K
Vision... Cell development... Immune function... Bone and body growth…
Fat Soluble Vitamin Characteristics
Dissolve in lipids... Stored in tissues... Require bile for absorpt…
More likely to be toxic: Fat or Water…
Fat soluble vitamins are more likely to be toxic because they…
22 terms
Vitamins
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Niacin (Nicotinic Acid)
Pantothenic Acid
B1
Thiamine
B2
Riboflavin
Vitamins
The water soluble vitamins.
This vitamin helps to prevent night bl…
This B vitamin helps to prevent damage…
This vitamin helps clot blood.
B and C
Vitamin A
Folic Acid ( Folate)
Vitamin K
The water soluble vitamins.
B and C
This vitamin helps to prevent night bl…
Vitamin A
12 terms
Vitamins
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamin... Carb metabolism (krebs cycle)... destroyed by heat and b…
Riboflavin... CYP450 redox... eye deficiency... AE orange urine... May pr…
Niacin... electron transfer to lower TG and LDL... Pellagra deficie…
Pantothenic Acid
B1
Thiamin... Carb metabolism (krebs cycle)... destroyed by heat and b…
B2
Riboflavin... CYP450 redox... eye deficiency... AE orange urine... May pr…
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