Study sets matching "vitamins"

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Study sets matching "vitamins"

39 terms
Vitamins!
List the Fat soluble Vitamins
VitA function
VitA deficiency
VitD function
A, D, E, K
(retinol)... Function: vision, growth, differentiation of epithe…
deficiency causes: night blindness, xerophthalmeia (dryness),…
(calciferol)... function: enhances absorption of calcium and pho…
List the Fat soluble Vitamins
A, D, E, K
VitA function
(retinol)... Function: vision, growth, differentiation of epithe…
17 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
It is good for eyes, skin and bones. It is found in chicken,…
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
Vitamin A
It is good for eyes, skin and bones. It is found in chicken,…
Vitamin B1
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
improves healing processes, is an antioxidant, help prevent d…
Needed for normal blood clotting, made by bacteria that live…
Vitamin A
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Vitamin D
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
8 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B12
For skin, bones, teeth, hair and growth. Found in carrots, sp…
For releasing energy. Found in meat, nuts, milk.
For eye, mouth, tongue. Found in meat, milk, veg.
For healthy nerves. Found in animal produce.
Vitamin A
For skin, bones, teeth, hair and growth. Found in carrots, sp…
Vitamin B1
For releasing energy. Found in meat, nuts, milk.
55 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A
fat soluble
found in liver and carrots
carotenoids are precursors to this vitamin
deficiency causes night blindness
Vitamin A
fat soluble
Vitamin A
found in liver and carrots
35 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A (Retinol) Function
Vitamin A (Retinol) Deficiency
Vitamin A (Retinol) Excess
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Function
Anti-oxidant; constituent of visual pigments, needed for diff…
Leads to night blindness (nycalopia), dry skin, corneal degen…
Acute: Nausea, vomiting, vertigo, and blurred vision... Chronic:…
Cofactor for four dehydrogenase enzyme reactions (in the form…
Vitamin A (Retinol) Function
Anti-oxidant; constituent of visual pigments, needed for diff…
Vitamin A (Retinol) Deficiency
Leads to night blindness (nycalopia), dry skin, corneal degen…
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Functions: sight, bones, immunity... Deficiency:night blindness,…
Functions: bones and teeth... Deficiency: bones, RICKETS... Toxicit…
Functions: antioxidant (free radicals)... Deficiency: (-) red bl…
Functions:blood clotting... Deficiency:hemhorrage, abnormal bone…
Vitamin A
Functions: sight, bones, immunity... Deficiency:night blindness,…
Vitamin D
Functions: bones and teeth... Deficiency: bones, RICKETS... Toxicit…
Vitamins
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Thiamin Symptoms
Thiamin Food Sources
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) symptoms
Helps turn carbohydrates into energy... Needed for muscle coordi…
Beriberi- muscle weakness, anorexia, enlarged heart, edema, w…
Whole grain and enriched products... Pork, liver, and other organ
Produces energy... Destroyed by light
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Helps turn carbohydrates into energy... Needed for muscle coordi…
Thiamin Symptoms
Beriberi- muscle weakness, anorexia, enlarged heart, edema, w…
20 terms
Vitamins
The water soluble vitamins.
This vitamin helps to prevent night bl…
This B vitamin helps to prevent damage…
This vitamin helps clot blood.
B and C
Vitamin A
Folic Acid ( Folate)
Vitamin K
The water soluble vitamins.
B and C
This vitamin helps to prevent night bl…
Vitamin A
72 terms
Vitamins
Vitamins
Bioavailability
Solubility
Which Vitamins are Fat soluble?
organic compounds... -micronutrients... -needed in small quantiti…
The degree to which nutrients can be absorbed and utilized in…
the ability of a substance to dissolve in a solution
K, A, D & E... -soluble in fat... -require the presence of lipids a…
Vitamins
organic compounds... -micronutrients... -needed in small quantiti…
Bioavailability
The degree to which nutrients can be absorbed and utilized in…
315 terms
Vitamins
Definition of a Vitamin
A vitamin causes by its absence (or un…
T/F: Some compounds are vitamins for o…
T/F: Some compounds are vitamins only…
an organic compound distinct from fats, carbohydrates, and pr…
a specific deficiency syndrome... -not synthesized by animal in…
TRUE... - Vitamin C and Choline
TRUE... -Vitamin D and niacin
Definition of a Vitamin
an organic compound distinct from fats, carbohydrates, and pr…
A vitamin causes by its absence (or un…
a specific deficiency syndrome... -not synthesized by animal in…
103 terms
Vitamins
vitamins
sources of vitamins
categories of vitamins
storage of FS vitamins
organic compounds that cannot be synthesized by animals but a…
diet, microorganisms in rumen, sun
fat soluble: A,D,E,K... water soluble: B and C
accumulate in fat tissue... can reach toxic levels
vitamins
organic compounds that cannot be synthesized by animals but a…
sources of vitamins
diet, microorganisms in rumen, sun
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin C
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
water- soluble, helps the body release energy for cabs, prote…
water- soluble, helps release energy from carbs, proteins, an…
Vitamin C
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
8 terms
Vitamins
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Niacin
Pantothenic Acid
B1
B2
B3
B5
Thiamine
B1
Riboflavin
B2
16 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3
It is good for eyes, skin and bones. It is found in chicken,…
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, blood…
Vitamin A
It is good for eyes, skin and bones. It is found in chicken,…
Vitamin B1
It helps convert food into energy. It is good for skin, hair,…
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
improves healing processes, is an antioxidant, help prevent d…
Needed for normal blood clotting, made by bacteria that live…
Vitamin A
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Vitamin D
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
12 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Vitamin A in excess
tissue and maintenance of epithelium, night blindness
Rickets
anticoagulant
caratenodermia
Vitamin A
tissue and maintenance of epithelium, night blindness
Vitamin D
Rickets
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin C
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
water- soluble, helps the body release energy for cabs, prote…
water- soluble, helps release energy from carbs, proteins, an…
Vitamin C
water- soluble, helps your body heal wounds and resist infect…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
water- soluble, turns carbs into energy. needs to be able to…
12 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A (carotene)
Vitamin D (calciferol)
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
Vitamin K
Source: Yellow and green vegetables, fish-liver oil, liver, b…
Source: Fish oils, liver, made by body when exposed to sunlig…
Source: Green leafy vegetables, grains, liver... Use: Proper re…
Source: Green leafy vegetables, made by bacteria that live in…
Vitamin A (carotene)
Source: Yellow and green vegetables, fish-liver oil, liver, b…
Vitamin D (calciferol)
Source: Fish oils, liver, made by body when exposed to sunlig…
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
improves healing processes, is an antioxidant, help prevent d…
Needed for normal blood clotting, made by bacteria that live…
Vitamin A
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Vitamin D
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
12 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
Vitamin K's role/function in the body:
Calcium's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
involved in bone formation
helps to clot blood
helps make bones strong (aids in bone formation)
Vitamin C's role/function in the body:
helps to heal wounds
Vitamin D's role/function in the body:
involved in bone formation
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Helps with eyesight, found in carrots
Made in the skin by the sun, helps bones grow strong, found i…
Anti aging, keeps heart healthy, found in spinach and nuts
Helps blood clot, found in meat
Vitamin A
Helps with eyesight, found in carrots
Vitamin D
Made in the skin by the sun, helps bones grow strong, found i…
6 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Calcium
Aids in growth, skin, vision
Helps muscles and heart function well
Promotes strong bones and teeth
Aids strong teeth and bones
Vitamin A
Aids in growth, skin, vision
Vitamin C
Helps muscles and heart function well
13 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
improves healing processes, is an antioxidant, help prevent d…
Needed for normal blood clotting, made by bacteria that live…
Vitamin A
Use: Important for growth of skin cells; important for vision
Vitamin D
Use: Important for the formation of bones and teeth, made by…
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Calcium
Aids in growth, skin, vision
Helps muscles and heart function well
Promotes strong bones and teeth
Aids strong teeth and bones
Vitamin A
Aids in growth, skin, vision
Vitamin C
Helps muscles and heart function well
22 terms
vitamins
what are vitamins necessary for
many vitamins are not produced in the…
can vitamins be synthesized
vitamins are...
normal body function
a well balanced diet
yes
essential food factors, chemicals in nature, present in certa…
what are vitamins necessary for
normal body function
many vitamins are not produced in the…
a well balanced diet
Vitamins
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3
Vitamin B5
Thiamine
Riboflavin
Niacin
Pantothenic Acid
Vitamin B1
Thiamine
Vitamin B2
Riboflavin
12 terms
vitamins
vitamin A ( retinol)
vitamin D ( calciferol)
vitamin E ( tocopherol)
vitamin K (Phytonadione)
essential for skeletal growth, normal mucosal epithelium, imm…
considered a hormone,is chimically related to steroids essent…
essential for normal reproduction , muscle deverlopment, and…
essential for synthesis of prothrombin in the liver , and for…
vitamin A ( retinol)
essential for skeletal growth, normal mucosal epithelium, imm…
vitamin D ( calciferol)
considered a hormone,is chimically related to steroids essent…
vitamins
Vitamin A (retinol) function
Vitamin A deficiency
Vitamin A excess
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) functions
Antioxidant, visual pigments, differentiation of epithelial c…
night blindness, dry scaly skin, corneal degeneration, alopec…
Arthralgias, skin changes, teratogen (cleft palate, cardiac a…
As thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP), acts as a cofactor for: Pyru…
Vitamin A (retinol) function
Antioxidant, visual pigments, differentiation of epithelial c…
Vitamin A deficiency
night blindness, dry scaly skin, corneal degeneration, alopec…
Vitamins
What are vitamins?
phytochemicals
Homocysteine
antioxidant
-organic molecules... -required in very small amounts... -must cons…
-nonnutritive... -may have disease-fighting properties
high levels associated with heart disease
-compound that guards from damage related to oxidation... -vitam…
What are vitamins?
-organic molecules... -required in very small amounts... -must cons…
phytochemicals
-nonnutritive... -may have disease-fighting properties
39 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A / Retinol... Function
Vit A / Retinol... Deficiency
Vit A / Retinol... Toxicity
Vitamin D / Calciferol... Function
Visual pigment in retina... stored in liver & adipose... Differenti…
night blindness... dry hair... pruritus (follicular hyperkeratosis)
Peeling skin... Teratogenic risk
Calcium absorption
Vitamin A / Retinol... Function
Visual pigment in retina... stored in liver & adipose... Differenti…
Vit A / Retinol... Deficiency
night blindness... dry hair... pruritus (follicular hyperkeratosis)
35 terms
Vitamins
How can you define what a vitamin is a…
Define and differenciate the 2 class o…
List the 8 types of Vitamin B
Vitamin B1 and function
Vitamins are organic substance needed in small quantities tha…
Water- soluble vitamins and Fat- soluble vitamins... 1. Water- s…
Vitamin B 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, and 12
Thiamin... 1. Energy metabolism and production... 2. Maintenance o…
How can you define what a vitamin is a…
Vitamins are organic substance needed in small quantities tha…
Define and differenciate the 2 class o…
Water- soluble vitamins and Fat- soluble vitamins... 1. Water- s…
Vitamins
Thiamine deficiency
Dry beriberi
Wet beriberi
Riboflavin deficiency
Beriberi, Wernicke's encephalopathy, Korsakoff Syndrome
neurological
cardiovascular
Cheilosis, glossitis
Thiamine deficiency
Beriberi, Wernicke's encephalopathy, Korsakoff Syndrome
Dry beriberi
neurological
11 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Thiamine (B1)
role- gene regulation, vision, maintenance of brain function…
role- regulates Ca levels in body... Deficiency- rickets (bone…
role- post-translational modification of many proteins, which…
role- helps form/break CC bonds, important in energy yielding…
Vitamin A
role- gene regulation, vision, maintenance of brain function…
Vitamin D
role- regulates Ca levels in body... Deficiency- rickets (bone…
Vitamins
Vitamins
Essentia Vitamins
Vitamin Storage in the Body *Fat-solub…
Vitamin Storage in the Body *Water-sol…
13 essential, organic substances needed in small amounts in t…
can't be synthesized at all (or in sufficient amounts by body…
not readily excreted ... Stored in the liver and/or adipose tissue
excreted readily and poorly stored
Vitamins
13 essential, organic substances needed in small amounts in t…
Essentia Vitamins
can't be synthesized at all (or in sufficient amounts by body…
Vitamins
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Carotene
Night Blindness
Can be dissolved in fat. Can be stored by the body. Include V…
Can be dissolved in water. Cannot be stored by the body. Incl…
A type of Vitamin A that is found in plant foods.
Deficiency disease associated with a lack of vitamin A where…
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Can be dissolved in fat. Can be stored by the body. Include V…
Water Soluble Vitamins
Can be dissolved in water. Cannot be stored by the body. Incl…
Vitamins
A
Hypervitaminosis A
B-1 (Thiamine)
B-2 (Riboflavin)
Trans-retinal, trans-retinol, retinoic acid ... 6:1 ratio of B-c…
Dry skin, cirrhosis, malformation of fetus
Kreb's cycle... Deficiency=beriberi, encephalopathy, korskaff sy…
Forms FAD (electron carrier)... Deficiency=dermatitis, glossitis…
A
Trans-retinal, trans-retinol, retinoic acid ... 6:1 ratio of B-c…
Hypervitaminosis A
Dry skin, cirrhosis, malformation of fetus
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), and Vitamin B7…
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (N…
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Synthesis of photoreceptors for vision; health of skin and bo…
Constituents of coenzymes required for carbohydrate metabolis…
Constituents of coenzymes required for energy metabolism. Def…
Amino acid metabolism.
Vitamin A
Synthesis of photoreceptors for vision; health of skin and bo…
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), and Vitamin B7…
Constituents of coenzymes required for carbohydrate metabolis…
73 terms
Vitamins
Essential dietary nutrients
essential fatty acids
Essential amino acids
DHA & EPA
compounds the body cannot synthesize
α-linoleic acid... Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)... Eicosapentaenoic a…
Lysine, histidine, threonine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, meth…
Essential fatty acids... Critical for neuron development and mye…
Essential dietary nutrients
compounds the body cannot synthesize
essential fatty acids
α-linoleic acid... Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)... Eicosapentaenoic a…
13 terms
Vitamins
B1 (Thiamine)
B2 (Riboflavin)
B3 (Niacin)
B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
energy production from carbs... oxidative decarboxylation
Redox reactions... Krebs cycle
Redox reactions... inhibits lipolysis
carries active thiol esters via acyl... synthesis of aa, NT, lip…
B1 (Thiamine)
energy production from carbs... oxidative decarboxylation
B2 (Riboflavin)
Redox reactions... Krebs cycle
46 terms
Vitamins
Characteristics
Fat- soluble :
Vitamin A: Function
Vitamin A: Source
- Diet or synthesizes within the body... - Organic compounds... - M…
- Absorption within fat in the diet... - Malabsorption = deficie…
1. Retinoids- Retinol, Retinal and Retinaldehyde = day and ni…
-provitamin in vegetables, in the form of a yellow pigment =…
Characteristics
- Diet or synthesizes within the body... - Organic compounds... - M…
Fat- soluble :
- Absorption within fat in the diet... - Malabsorption = deficie…
49 terms
Vitamins
Vitamin
Dietary Reference Intake (DRI)
Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA)
small molecules that play vital roles in various biochemical…
the recommened levels for specific nutrients ... 1-Estimated Ave…
nutrient intake level estimated to meet requirement of 50% he…
average daily intake that meets requirement of 97-98% healthy…
Vitamin
small molecules that play vital roles in various biochemical…
Dietary Reference Intake (DRI)
the recommened levels for specific nutrients ... 1-Estimated Ave…
Vitamins
Retinol (Vitamin A)
Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D)
alpha-tocopherol (Vitamin E)
Phylloquinone (Vitamin K)
Night blindness
rickets (steroids)
hyporeflexia (lack of reflex), ataxia (no muscle coordination)
hypothrombinemia (long clotting time, poor clotting formation…
Retinol (Vitamin A)
Night blindness
Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D)
rickets (steroids)
20 terms
Vitamins
Deficiency results in hemorrhage; foun…
Deficiency results in scurvy; also kno…
Part of a coenzyme used in amino acid…
Deficiency results in skin rash, hair…
Vitamin K
Vitamin C
Vitamin B6
Biotin
Deficiency results in hemorrhage; foun…
Vitamin K
Deficiency results in scurvy; also kno…
Vitamin C
50 terms
Vitamins
What is vitamin C for
Calcium + Vitamin D equals
What do Beta Blocker cause
What vitamin can kill you
The immune system
Healthy Bones
Memory loss
Vitamin K
What is vitamin C for
The immune system
Calcium + Vitamin D equals
Healthy Bones
Vitamins
Vitamins
Vitamin C
Fat soluble vitamins
Vitamin A
Metabolic processes, prevent deficiency syndromes... Organic mol…
Needed by humans and Guinea pigs. Dogs & cats can synthesize it
Stored in body
Retinol, retinal, carotenoids... Necessary in diet of all animal…
Vitamins
Metabolic processes, prevent deficiency syndromes... Organic mol…
Vitamin C
Needed by humans and Guinea pigs. Dogs & cats can synthesize it
38 terms
Vitamins
folic acid active form
vitamin b12 active form
vitamin c active form
vitamin b6 active form
tetrahydrofolic acid
cobalamin
ascorbic acid
pyridoxal phosphate
folic acid active form
tetrahydrofolic acid
vitamin b12 active form
cobalamin
Vitamins!!!
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Maintenance of epithelial tissue; strengthens tooth enamel an…
Promotes absorption and use of calcium and phosphorous; essen…
May relate to transporting oxygen through blood and longevity…
Essential for blood clotting, assists in regulating blood cal…
Vitamin A
Maintenance of epithelial tissue; strengthens tooth enamel an…
Vitamin D
Promotes absorption and use of calcium and phosphorous; essen…
58 terms
vitamins
( A lot, Alot ) of students registered…
Past tense of lend is ____?
The bank will ( loan, lend ) me money?
Spelling and memory clue for surprise?
( A lot )
( lent )
( lend )
( SURPRISE) ( two r's and two s's / There is no prize ... in su…
( A lot, Alot ) of students registered…
( A lot )
Past tense of lend is ____?
( lent )
36 terms
Vitamins
( A lot, Alot ) of students registered…
Past tense of lend is ____?
The bank will ( loan, lend ) me money?
Spelling and memory clue for surprise?
a lot
lent
lend
( SURPRISE ) ( two r's and two s's / There is no prize ... in s…
( A lot, Alot ) of students registered…
a lot
Past tense of lend is ____?
lent
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