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Study sets matching "vocab 2 marine biology"

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Study sets matching "vocab 2 marine biology"

26 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Experiment
Variable
observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation…
explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starti…
scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a h…
not consistent or having a fixed pattern
Scientific Method
observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation…
Hypothesis
explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starti…
10 terms
Marine Biology 2
Seawater
Chloride and Sodium ions
Sulphate, Magnesium, Calcium and Potas…
Salinity
A dilute brew of ions, or salt, which bathes all living marin…
The predominant salts in seawater
The other ions found in seawater
The total amount of dissolved salt in seawater
Seawater
A dilute brew of ions, or salt, which bathes all living marin…
Chloride and Sodium ions
The predominant salts in seawater
39 terms
Marine Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary (Jack Dzvonik)
Primary Producers
Detritus
Microbial Loop
Bloom
An autotroph that carries out primary production
Particles of dead organic matter
A component of pelagic food webs in which DOM is cycled throu…
A sudden increase in the abundance of algae or phytoplankton
Primary Producers
An autotroph that carries out primary production
Detritus
Particles of dead organic matter
21 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8 Set 2
Low Marsh
Mangal
Mangroves
Mudflats
region of a salt marsh that is covered by tidal water much of…
a tropical community of mangrove plants and associated organi…
diverse group of plants that thrive along protected tropical…
muddy areas, rich in deposits of organic material, found in b…
Low Marsh
region of a salt marsh that is covered by tidal water much of…
Mangal
a tropical community of mangrove plants and associated organi…
10 terms
Unit 2 marine biology
limitation factors
carrying capasity
up welling/ down welling
symbiosis
resources are environmental conditions that limit the growth,…
The largest population that an area can support.
Upwelling occurs in the open ocean and along coastlines. The…
Any relationship in which two species live closely together
limitation factors
resources are environmental conditions that limit the growth,…
carrying capasity
The largest population that an area can support.
62 terms
Marine Biology Week 2
how old is the earth?
molten rock formed ____ and is in the…
materials settle by ___ as the materia…
radiometric dating
4.5 billion years old
the crust/land we see; mantle
density
abundance of a naturally occurring radioactive isotope within…
how old is the earth?
4.5 billion years old
molten rock formed ____ and is in the…
the crust/land we see; mantle
77 terms
Marine Biology Unit 2
Advantages of Sexual Reproduction
Advantages of Asexual Reproduction
Invertebrates vs. Vertebrates
Kingdom Metazoa
Diversity
Speed
Invertebrates: No Vertebral Column like Sponges, Vertebrates:…
Animals Phylum
Advantages of Sexual Reproduction
Diversity
Advantages of Asexual Reproduction
Speed
43 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary
Allochthonous
Anoxic
Autochthonous
Benthic
Imported from outside the system; often used in reference to…
Lacking oxygen
Originating from within the system
Pertaining to the sea bed, river bed, or lake floor
Allochthonous
Imported from outside the system; often used in reference to…
Anoxic
Lacking oxygen
25 terms
Marine Biology Seawater Vocabulary
Latent Heat of Melting
Heat capacity
Rule of Constant Proportions
Water Column
the heat absorbed by a unit mass of a given solid at its melt…
the number of heat units needed to raise the temperature of a…
states that a given chemical compound always contains its com…
A water column is a conceptual column of water from the surfa…
Latent Heat of Melting
the heat absorbed by a unit mass of a given solid at its melt…
Heat capacity
the number of heat units needed to raise the temperature of a…
25 terms
Marine Biology Seawater vocabulary
density
heat capacity
salts
weathering
the degree of compactness of a substance.
the number of heat units needed to raise the temperature of a…
any chemical compound formed from the reaction of an acid wit…
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something)…
density
the degree of compactness of a substance.
heat capacity
the number of heat units needed to raise the temperature of a…
43 terms
Marine Biology: Seawater Vocabulary
Hydrogen Bonds
Density
Latent heat of melting
Heat capacity
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per u…
the heat absorbed by a unit mass of a given solid at its melt…
the number of heat units needed to raise the temperature of a…
Hydrogen Bonds
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
Density
the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per u…
7 terms
EC Marine Biology Module 2 Vocabulary
autotrophs
heterotrophs
respiration
homeostasis
organisms that are to produce their own food
organisms that cannot make their own food and must obtain it…
the process by which food is converted in to useable energy f…
the tendency of living organisms to control or regulate chang…
autotrophs
organisms that are to produce their own food
heterotrophs
organisms that cannot make their own food and must obtain it…
311 terms
Marine Biology Lab Practical 2
Conus spp. - cones
Murex spp. - murexes
Oliva spp. - olives
Polinices spp. - moon snails
Conus spp. - cones
Murex spp. - murexes
44 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Chitin
Cellulose
Amino acids
Enzymes
a fibrous substance consisting of polysaccharides and forming…
an insoluble substance that is the main constituent of plant…
a simple organic compound containing both a carboxyl (—COOH)…
a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a cata…
Chitin
a fibrous substance consisting of polysaccharides and forming…
Cellulose
an insoluble substance that is the main constituent of plant…
22 terms
Marine biology test #2
Osmoregulator
Osmosconformer
Process of osmosis
Common problem with marine fish in the…
-control internal conditions... -tolerate wide range of salinities
-don't attempt to control solute/water balance... -internal conc…
Movement of water through diffusion
Salinity regulation
Osmoregulator
-control internal conditions... -tolerate wide range of salinities
Osmosconformer
-don't attempt to control solute/water balance... -internal conc…
17 terms
Marine Biology Test #2
Community
Habitat
Niche
Benthic Organisms
All populations of organisms living in a defined area.
The physical place where an organism lives.
The resources (biotic & abiotic) an organism uses for surviva…
live in/near bottom... features... - Can be sessile... - Or motile (de…
Community
All populations of organisms living in a defined area.
Habitat
The physical place where an organism lives.
17 terms
Marine Biology Module 2
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
The process by which a living organism takes energy from its…
The process by which an organism uses the energy from the sun…
Organisms that are able to produce their own food.
Organisms that cannot make their own food and must obtain it…
Metabolism
The process by which a living organism takes energy from its…
Photosynthesis
The process by which an organism uses the energy from the sun…
12 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary #5
Sessile
Ostia
Porifera
Pinacocytes
Describes an organism that remains attached to a surface for…
Tiny in-current pores that allow water to flow into sponge ca…
The phylum of sponges
Epidermal cells that cover the outside of the sponge body
Sessile
Describes an organism that remains attached to a surface for…
Ostia
Tiny in-current pores that allow water to flow into sponge ca…
32 terms
marine biology chapter 2
AQUA
cartoprapher
Challenger Expedition
chart
A NASA satellite designed to obtain data on Earth's water cycle
a person who makes maps and charts
the first wholly scientific oceanographic expedition, 1872-1876
a map that depicts mostly water and the adjoining land areas
AQUA
A NASA satellite designed to obtain data on Earth's water cycle
cartoprapher
a person who makes maps and charts
112 terms
Marine Biology Test #2
Asexual reproduction is most common in…
An osculum is... a. An excurrent pore... b.…
A gastrovascular cavity is... a. An incom…
Which of the following has radial symm…
a. Protista
e. All of these are correct
e. All of these are true
d. Sea anemones
Asexual reproduction is most common in…
a. Protista
An osculum is... a. An excurrent pore... b.…
e. All of these are correct
9 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary 6
Bilateral Symmetry
Anterior
Posterior
Dorsal
Body organization that can be divided into two parts that are…
Front
Back
Refers to the back of the organ or body
Bilateral Symmetry
Body organization that can be divided into two parts that are…
Anterior
Front
Marine Biology test #2
T/F: Certain species of the Chlorophyt…
T/F: A giant kelp typically grow very…
T/F: The Rhodophyta are by far the lar…
T/F: Salt marsh plants such as cordgra…
True
False
True
False
T/F: Certain species of the Chlorophyt…
True
T/F: A giant kelp typically grow very…
False
116 terms
Marine Biology - Unit 2
Halophytes
Cellulose, Lignin
Sea grasses
Sea grass roots
Plants that live in a salty environment
2 materials that are indigestible by marine organisms
Plant that grows mostly underground in oxygen-poor environment
Arise from nodes of stems... Anchor plants... Hold water-saturated…
Halophytes
Plants that live in a salty environment
Cellulose, Lignin
2 materials that are indigestible by marine organisms
158 terms
Unit 2 Test Marine Biology
How marine Phytoplankton Phyla are det…
Cyanophyta (Cyanobacteria)
Chrysophyta (golden-brown algae)
Diatom shapes
Accessory pigments and how they store sugar.
Live in areas with few nutrients such as the open ocean or eq…
Cell walls make of silica called frustules. Common in coastal…
Centric (circular/triangular/squarish), chain (several cells…
How marine Phytoplankton Phyla are det…
Accessory pigments and how they store sugar.
Cyanophyta (Cyanobacteria)
Live in areas with few nutrients such as the open ocean or eq…
12 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary 12
Echinoderm
Pentamerous
Endoskeleton
Water Vascular System
Radially symmetrical marine invertebrates including e.g. star…
5 parts
An internal skeleton
A system of fluid-filled tubes in an echinoderm's body.
Echinoderm
Radially symmetrical marine invertebrates including e.g. star…
Pentamerous
5 parts
37 terms
Marine Biology 2 the oceans
continental shelf
continental slope
abyssal plain
guyot
area from shore to the continental edge. depth avg 200m 8% ar…
continent edge to sea floor 3-6 km. gradient 1-15 deg. can be…
deep ocean floor. may be flat for hundreds of miles
flat tops: erosion and subsidence
continental shelf
area from shore to the continental edge. depth avg 200m 8% ar…
continental slope
continent edge to sea floor 3-6 km. gradient 1-15 deg. can be…
25 terms
marine biology chapter 2 test
mid-ocean ridge
transform fault
rift
subduction
underwater mountain chain formed through sea floor spreading
a place where plates slide past one another; typically earthq…
crack in earth's plates where they are separating; plates mov…
process that occurs where one plate sinks below another; occu…
mid-ocean ridge
underwater mountain chain formed through sea floor spreading
transform fault
a place where plates slide past one another; typically earthq…
66 terms
Exam #2: Marine Biology
How do all these organisms get their e…
What kingdom are macroalgae (seaweeds)…
Thallus
Blade
Photosynthetically
Kingdom Protists
The body of a microalgae
Leaf-like structure. Has no "veins" unlike leaves
How do all these organisms get their e…
Photosynthetically
What kingdom are macroalgae (seaweeds)…
Kingdom Protists
51 terms
Marine Biology Quiz #2
What are Arthropoda?... What are they ca…
What are horseshoe crabs and sea spide…
What are the Crustaceans - Crustacea?…
What are copepods?... What do they consu…
- Largest most diverse animal phylum.... - Most are terrestrial…
- More closely related to spiders, ticks and mites... - Living…
- Most species are marine... - Exoskeleton hardened by CaCO3... -…
- Very abundant in zooplankton -- animal like drifters... - Impo…
What are Arthropoda?... What are they ca…
- Largest most diverse animal phylum.... - Most are terrestrial…
What are horseshoe crabs and sea spide…
- More closely related to spiders, ticks and mites... - Living…
41 terms
chapter 2 marine biology
what are the 4 large basins?
the layer outside the earths core
outermost layer of the earth
this mineral makes up the sea floor
pacific, atlantic, indian, artic oceans
mantle
crust
basalt
what are the 4 large basins?
pacific, atlantic, indian, artic oceans
the layer outside the earths core
mantle
38 terms
MARINE BIOLOGY - INTRODUCTORY VOCABULARY
aft
algae
benthic
bow
toward the back of the boat
plants having no true roots, stems or leaves; large algae suc…
in or on the sea floor
the front of the boat
aft
toward the back of the boat
algae
plants having no true roots, stems or leaves; large algae suc…
45 terms
Marine Biology Unit 2
Eukaryotic, animal-like organisms that…
Mostly unicellular organisms that get…
Very simple eukaryotic organisms that…
Simplest type of organism; they lack a…
C.protozoans
A.fungi
E.unicellular algae
D.prokaryotes
Eukaryotic, animal-like organisms that…
C.protozoans
Mostly unicellular organisms that get…
A.fungi
35 terms
Marine Biology Ch 1& 2
What do Marine Scientist study?
What is the oceanography?
What is Marine Biology?
Why Study Marine Biology?
Everything in the marine environment
The study of how the waves and winds work
The study of marine living things
Life, Products, Recreation, Climate, Oxygen, Human Life
What do Marine Scientist study?
Everything in the marine environment
What is the oceanography?
The study of how the waves and winds work
72 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 2
Ecology
What do organisms and environment make…
What do multiple ecosystems make up?
What does a biosphere need?
The study of organisms and how they interact with each other…
Ecosystems
Biosphere
Capture of energy, cycling of nutrients (fungus and bacteria)…
Ecology
The study of organisms and how they interact with each other…
What do organisms and environment make…
Ecosystems
18 terms
Exploring Creation with Marine Biology Module 2
metabolism
producers
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
the process by which a living organism takes energy from its…
cannot create their own energy
the process by which an organism uses the energy from the sun…
gives plants their bright green color
metabolism
the process by which a living organism takes energy from its…
producers
cannot create their own energy
24 terms
Marine Biology Ch 2
Mantle
Crust
Continental Drift
Faults
The layer outside the Earth's core.
Outermost layer, extremely thin.
All continents had been connected in a "super continent" then…
Cracks in the mid ocean ridge.
Mantle
The layer outside the Earth's core.
Crust
Outermost layer, extremely thin.
105 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary
Abyssal
Abyssal Plain
Hadal Region
Allochthonous
Relates to the depths of the bottom, particularly depths betw…
The deep ocean floor, a stretch of flattish floor of the ocea…
The region of the ocean depths that is associated with the bo…
Material that is carried to a different location than where i…
Abyssal
Relates to the depths of the bottom, particularly depths betw…
Abyssal Plain
The deep ocean floor, a stretch of flattish floor of the ocea…
55 terms
ASMS Marine Biology Test 2 Vocabulary Terms
Spicule
Cephalopod
Catadromous
Thallus
Small, hard glass or CACO2 that serves as the skeleton
An octopus or squid
travels from rivers to the Sea to breed
Plant without stem or Leaf components
Spicule
Small, hard glass or CACO2 that serves as the skeleton
Cephalopod
An octopus or squid
30 terms
Marine Biology, Chapter 2 Vocabulary Quiz
Active Margin
Basalt
Big Bang Theory
Biogenous Sediment
Found on the leading edge of the continent where it is crashi…
A dark, fine-grained volcanic rock
The leading theory about how the universe began
Sediments formed from the remains of living organisms
Active Margin
Found on the leading edge of the continent where it is crashi…
Basalt
A dark, fine-grained volcanic rock
10 terms
Marine Biology Unit 2
Cohesion
Surface Tension
Universal Solvent
Shape
Hydrogen bonds hold water molecules loosely in warm temps and…
Water resists external force due to cohesion of its molecules
Water is great at dissolving things due to its polarity
Water molecules have a + (in H2) and - (in O) charge and are…
Cohesion
Hydrogen bonds hold water molecules loosely in warm temps and…
Surface Tension
Water resists external force due to cohesion of its molecules
174 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 2
The world's oceans can be divided into…
The Ocean covers about _____% of the e…
The _____ hemisphere is more dominated…
Largest ocean =
open oceans and marginal seas
71
southern; northern
Pacific
The world's oceans can be divided into…
open oceans and marginal seas
The Ocean covers about _____% of the e…
71
20 terms
Science of Marine Biology Vocabulary
Map projection
Underwater Archaeology
Satellite Navigation
Aquanaut
a method of representing the 3 dimensional surface of the ear…
the study of marine history and prehistory through the excava…
a form of position finding using radio transmissions from sat…
Underwater explorer
Map projection
a method of representing the 3 dimensional surface of the ear…
Underwater Archaeology
the study of marine history and prehistory through the excava…
58 terms
Marine Biology- Vocabulary
Continental drift
Surface tension
Density
Salinity
When the continental masses from Pangaea drifted apart from o…
The force of attraction between water molecules at the surface
Ratio of mass in relation to its volume
The total amount of dissolved salts in seawater. Measured in…
Continental drift
When the continental masses from Pangaea drifted apart from o…
Surface tension
The force of attraction between water molecules at the surface
21 terms
Marine Biology Chpt 1 & 2
% of earth surface is covered by seawa…
Oceanography
Marine Biology
Marine Science
71%
study of oceans and their phenomena such as waves and current…
study of living organisms that inhabit the sea and their inte…
interdisciplinary study of the marine environment bringing to…
% of earth surface is covered by seawa…
71%
Oceanography
study of oceans and their phenomena such as waves and current…
119 terms
Marine Biology Exam 2
Plankton
Nekton
Holoplankton
Meroplankton
Drifters with minimal or no ability to control their position…
Swimmers able to propel themselves independently of water cur…
Spend their entire lives as plankton.
Spend only part of their life cycle as plankton.
Plankton
Drifters with minimal or no ability to control their position…
Nekton
Swimmers able to propel themselves independently of water cur…
17 terms
Marine biology 4 vocabulary
Osculum
Amoebocytes
Gemmule
Metamorphosis
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
A group of cells surrounded by a shell made of spicules
A complete morphological change from larvae to adult
Osculum
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Amoebocytes
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
12 terms
Marine Biology Chapter Two Vocabulary
Southern Ocean
Density
Plate Tectonics
Mid-Ocean Ridge
This ocean, often not labeled on maps, surrounds Antarctica a…
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.... Su…
The theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere,…
An undersea volcano and mountain chain where new ocean floor…
Southern Ocean
This ocean, often not labeled on maps, surrounds Antarctica a…
Density
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.... Su…
18 terms
Marine Biology Quiz 2
density
convection
aesthenosphere
lithosphere
Mass / Volume
The movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter…
middle mantle, soft flowing rock, convection currents
crust and upper mantle, broken into plates(tectonic plates),…
density
Mass / Volume
convection
The movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter…
21 terms
Marine Biology: Vocabulary 4
Pynocline
Halocline
Vertical Overturn
Thermohaline
A zone in the ocean that is charqcterized by a rapid change i…
A zone in the ocean characterized by a rapid change in salini…
The change over in the water of an unstable water column
Vertical mixing that results from density changes due to chan…
Pynocline
A zone in the ocean that is charqcterized by a rapid change i…
Halocline
A zone in the ocean characterized by a rapid change in salini…
44 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
hydrogen bonds
element
Ice (solid water)
Water (liquid):
when hydrogen and oxygen stick together
a substance made of one type of atom
Less dense than water and forms crystals
Held together by hydrogen bonds. More dense than ice. Univers…
hydrogen bonds
when hydrogen and oxygen stick together
element
a substance made of one type of atom
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