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Study sets matching "vocab 2 marine biology"

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Study sets matching "vocab 2 marine biology"

73 terms
Marine Biology Test 2
Archaea, Nucleus
Decomposers
Photosynthetic, Organic
Dinoflagellates
Members of the domains and ________ are prokaryotic organisms…
Heterotrophic bacteria involved in breaking down organic mate…
Not all autotrophic bacteria are _________. For instance, som…
____________ are mostly autotrophs but some ingest organic pa…
Archaea, Nucleus
Members of the domains and ________ are prokaryotic organisms…
Decomposers
Heterotrophic bacteria involved in breaking down organic mate…
28 terms
Apologia Marine Biology Module 2
Asexual reproduction
Autotrophs
Binomial nomenclature
Diffusion
Reproduction accomplished by a single organism (47)
Organisms that are able to produce their own food (36)
Identifying an organism by its genus and species name (50)
The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Asexual reproduction
Reproduction accomplished by a single organism (47)
Autotrophs
Organisms that are able to produce their own food (36)
Marine Biology Unit 2
Viruses
Viruses in the Marine Community
Prokaryotes
Archaea
1. Non-cellular infectious agents that have two basic charact…
1. common in marine waters... 2. can infect bacteria, plankton,…
1. Archaea and Bacteria... 2. Characteristics of Archaean and Ba…
Some live in very extreme environments... Widely distributed in…
Viruses
1. Non-cellular infectious agents that have two basic charact…
Viruses in the Marine Community
1. common in marine waters... 2. can infect bacteria, plankton,…
41 terms
Marine Biology Test 2
Temperature and salinity changes from…
pH and its effect on organisms
Thermoclines
Upwelling and its importance in the Ba…
Less Salinity in warmer water. More salinity towards poles le…
pH is the acidity of the ocean and it effects calcified organ…
transition layer between deep water layer, and the mixed surf…
-Warm water on top is deflected away from the coast & cold wa…
Temperature and salinity changes from…
Less Salinity in warmer water. More salinity towards poles le…
pH and its effect on organisms
pH is the acidity of the ocean and it effects calcified organ…
51 terms
Marine Biology Test 2
pelagic zone
epipelagic
mesopelagic
bathypelagic
the water portion of the ocean
top layer that sunlight penetrates, supports an incredible di…
sunlight reaches, but not strong enough to support much life.…
deep water in open ocean.(13,100 ft)
pelagic zone
the water portion of the ocean
epipelagic
top layer that sunlight penetrates, supports an incredible di…
26 terms
marine biology test 2
porifera
chidaria
ctenophora
platyhelminthes
sponges
coral, sea anemones, jellyfish, box jellies, hydra, and sea f…
"jellyfish-like" organisms
flatworms
porifera
sponges
chidaria
coral, sea anemones, jellyfish, box jellies, hydra, and sea f…
74 terms
Marine Biology Midterm Vocabulary
Marine Biology
Scientific Method
Ecology
Biosphere
study of organisms that live in the ocean
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Marine Biology
study of organisms that live in the ocean
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
16 terms
Marine Biology Seaweed Vocabulary
dichotomous branching
uniserate
fucoxanthin
phycobilin
branches into 2 branches every time, y-shaped divisions
arranged in a single row
brown pigment
red pigment
dichotomous branching
branches into 2 branches every time, y-shaped divisions
uniserate
arranged in a single row
11 terms
Unit 6 Vocabulary - Marine Biology
Molluscs
Mantle
Radula
Chitin
A soft-bodied animal characterized by a muscular foot, mantle…
A thin layer of tissue that secrets the shell
a ribbon of small teeth used to feed by rasping food from sur…
a highly resistant carbohydrate also found in other invertebr…
Molluscs
A soft-bodied animal characterized by a muscular foot, mantle…
Mantle
A thin layer of tissue that secrets the shell
71 terms
Marine biology test 2
Comb Jelly Phylum
Describe a Comb Jelly's digestive tract.
Comb jellies have ___ rows of combs
What are the combs on a Comb Jelly cal…
Ctenophora
Mouth at one end and anal pore at the other
8
Cilia
Comb Jelly Phylum
Ctenophora
Describe a Comb Jelly's digestive tract.
Mouth at one end and anal pore at the other
65 terms
Marine Biology Exam 2
Prokaryotes include only the following:
Which of the following is not true of…
Bacteria that make their own organic c…
Organisms having a shell made of silic…
Bacteria and archaea
it does NOT carry out photosynthesis
Chemosynthetic
diatoms
Prokaryotes include only the following:
Bacteria and archaea
Which of the following is not true of…
it does NOT carry out photosynthesis
37 terms
Marine Biology Quiz 2
plankton
nekton
two groups of plankton
holoplankton
bacteria animal protists; single-celled; cannot swim against…
can swim
holoplankton & meroplankron
whole life as plankton
plankton
bacteria animal protists; single-celled; cannot swim against…
nekton
can swim
33 terms
Marine Biology Test 2
Pressure Drag
Frictional Drag
Vortex Drag
Three common adaptations in sessile be…
proportional to cross-sectional area in contact with water fo…
proportional to the amount of surface area in contact with wa…
turbulence behind a fish
- flexibility- bend over in current... - Grow into current... - Str…
Pressure Drag
proportional to cross-sectional area in contact with water fo…
Frictional Drag
proportional to the amount of surface area in contact with wa…
23 terms
Marine Biology Unit 2
Water can naturally be found in which…
Water Molecule Consists of....
Compounds that release hydrogen (H+) i…
How many ions are responsible for 99%…
- Solid... - Liquid... - Gas
2 hydrogens and 1 oxygen
Acid
6
Water can naturally be found in which…
- Solid... - Liquid... - Gas
Water Molecule Consists of....
2 hydrogens and 1 oxygen
32 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 2
How much of the Land Mass of the Earth…
How much of the Earth in the Northern…
How much of the southern Hemisphere is…
How much of the Total Earth is covered…
2/3
61%
80%
71%
How much of the Land Mass of the Earth…
2/3
How much of the Earth in the Northern…
61%
135 terms
Marine Biology Exam 2
Intertidal Zone
Spring Tide
Neap Tide
"Zero Mark"
where tide goes in and out
Sun part and moon in line... -Highest high tides and lowest low…
Sun and moon at right angle... -least tidal difference
avg of highest and lowest tides on site
Intertidal Zone
where tide goes in and out
Spring Tide
Sun part and moon in line... -Highest high tides and lowest low…
26 terms
marine biology chapter 2
what does SCUBA stand for?
who invented SCUBA?
what was the original name for SCUBA?
what does SONAR stand for?
self contained underwater breathing apparatus
Jacques Cousteau
Aqualung
SOund Navigation and Ranging
what does SCUBA stand for?
self contained underwater breathing apparatus
who invented SCUBA?
Jacques Cousteau
16 terms
Marine Biology quiz 2
Examples of Marine Biology Today
What is the Scientific Method?
What are the Two ways of thinking?
What is induction?
High Tech submarines, field stations, satelite remote sensing
The goal is to discover facts about the natural world and the…
Induction and deduction
General conclusions are made on the basis of observations
Examples of Marine Biology Today
High Tech submarines, field stations, satelite remote sensing
What is the Scientific Method?
The goal is to discover facts about the natural world and the…
60 terms
Marine Biology test 2
1) Name the kingdoms in Domain Eukarya?
2) List and define the levels of life'…
3) Define: Planktonic, benthic, nekton…
4) Define diffusion and osmosis?
🔸... 🔸... 🔸... 🔸
🔸Energy added ➡️synthesis ➡️ Haight energy ➡️ complex molecul…
🔸... 🔸... 🔸
🔸... 🔸
1) Name the kingdoms in Domain Eukarya?
🔸... 🔸... 🔸... 🔸
2) List and define the levels of life'…
🔸Energy added ➡️synthesis ➡️ Haight energy ➡️ complex molecul…
11 terms
Marine Biology Review 2
Global Catch
Biotic
Abiotic
Producers
-Clupeoid 1/3 of the global catch... -90% of the Global catch is…
living (fishes, plants, algae)
nonliving (soil, rocks, gasses)
make own energy using photosynthesis
Global Catch
-Clupeoid 1/3 of the global catch... -90% of the Global catch is…
Biotic
living (fishes, plants, algae)
25 terms
Marine Biology Terms 2
Adhesion
Brackish water
Buffer
Cohesion
The tendency of water molecules to stick to ither substances…
Water with a salinity of 0.6 to 30%
A substance that lessens the tendency for a solution to becom…
The tendency of water molecules to stick together due to hydr…
Adhesion
The tendency of water molecules to stick to ither substances…
Brackish water
Water with a salinity of 0.6 to 30%
18 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 7 Section 2
List all components of plasma membrane
Do all cells have a plasma membrane?
What does the plasma membrane separate…
What is a lipid?
- 2 layers of phospholipids arranged tail to tail... - cholester…
Yes
It's environment
Large molecule composed of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
List all components of plasma membrane
- 2 layers of phospholipids arranged tail to tail... - cholester…
Do all cells have a plasma membrane?
Yes
37 terms
Marine biology chapter 2
What were the three primary reasons fo…
Who established the first trade routes…
During the first sea voyage to set sai…
What are the time periods in chronolog…
Food gathering, to discover new lands and for trade
Phoenicians
Few survivors
Ancient exploration, Middle Ages, European voyages of discove…
What were the three primary reasons fo…
Food gathering, to discover new lands and for trade
Who established the first trade routes…
Phoenicians
19 terms
Marine Biology Cycle 2
Agnotha
Agnotha Class Characteristics
Member 1 Agnotha: Hagfish
Member 2 Agnotha: Lamprey
Jawless Fish
thin, flexible cartilage skeleton... no biting jaw... no scales... no…
Benthic Scavenger... In deep sea... Slimy, flexible... Slime is defens…
Anadromous fish (spawn in fresh water).. salmon... Parasites of…
Agnotha
Jawless Fish
Agnotha Class Characteristics
thin, flexible cartilage skeleton... no biting jaw... no scales... no…
19 terms
Marine biology 2
Sea grass
Fouling organisms
Kelp
Kelp trophic cascade
Vascular plants that grow in sub 5m waters eel grass , turtle…
Those that inhabit sea grass sponges and algae to keep away f…
Grow in exposed locations in temperate waters at 40m , holdfa…
Switches between covered and barren based on sea urchins whic…
Sea grass
Vascular plants that grow in sub 5m waters eel grass , turtle…
Fouling organisms
Those that inhabit sea grass sponges and algae to keep away f…
16 terms
Marine Biology Chp. 2
Continental Margins
continental shelf
continental slope
continental rise
One region of the seas floor; represents the submerged edges…
shallow, gently sloping...shallows where water washes up and…
steeper slope going down to abyssal plain (sea floor)... -closes…
rising slope between continental slope and abyssal plain. ... -
Continental Margins
One region of the seas floor; represents the submerged edges…
continental shelf
shallow, gently sloping...shallows where water washes up and…
41 terms
Marine biology 2
Sea grass
Fouling organisms
Kelp
Kelp trophic cascade
Vascular plants that grow in sub 5m waters eel grass , turtle…
Those that inhabit sea grass sponges and algae to keep away f…
Grow in exposed locations in temperate waters at 40m , holdfa…
Switches between covered and barren based on sea urchins whic…
Sea grass
Vascular plants that grow in sub 5m waters eel grass , turtle…
Fouling organisms
Those that inhabit sea grass sponges and algae to keep away f…
26 terms
Marine Biology Test 2
Adhesion
Solution
Mixture
Salinity
Water molecules stick to other substances
2 substances mixed evenly (homogeneously)
2 or more substances not evenly mixed
Amount of salt dissolved in water
Adhesion
Water molecules stick to other substances
Solution
2 substances mixed evenly (homogeneously)
81 terms
Marine Biology Exam 2
Agnatha
Hagfish & features
Lamprey & features
Chondrichthyes
Hagfish & lamprey, jawless, lack paired appendages and scales…
slime eel, mucus gland pores, reduced eyes and ears, comb-lik…
movable eyes, osmotic system (very distinctive osmotic pressu…
Cartilage fish, movable jaws, paired fins, ventral mouth with…
Agnatha
Hagfish & lamprey, jawless, lack paired appendages and scales…
Hagfish & features
slime eel, mucus gland pores, reduced eyes and ears, comb-lik…
65 terms
Marine Biology (2)
diurnal tide
ebb tide
estuary
flood tide
a tide that has one high-water level and... one low-water level…
water level or tide at its lowest point
mouth of a river or bay where fresh... water and saltwater mix;…
tide at its highest point
diurnal tide
a tide that has one high-water level and... one low-water level…
ebb tide
water level or tide at its lowest point
55 terms
UNIT 2 MARINE BIOLOGY
class of sponge: Calcarea (3)
class of sponge: Hexactinellida
class of sponge: Demospongia
As sponge complexity increases, descri…
spicules made of calcium carbonate and dissolves in a weak hy…
six rayed spicules made up of silicon dioxide that will not d…
spicules made up of silicon dioxide but are not six rays, lar…
As a sponge's complexity increases, the increase in internal…
class of sponge: Calcarea (3)
spicules made of calcium carbonate and dissolves in a weak hy…
class of sponge: Hexactinellida
six rayed spicules made up of silicon dioxide that will not d…
11 terms
Marine Biology Week 2
Mid-ocean Ridges
Guyots
Abyssal PLains
Seamounts
Underwater mountain ridges
Seamounts with flat tops
Large flat areas on the ocean floor
Underwater individual mountains
Mid-ocean Ridges
Underwater mountain ridges
Guyots
Seamounts with flat tops
21 terms
Marine Biology 1&2
61%
81%
oceanic and continental
geomagnetic anomalie
the northern hemisphere is covered in how much water
the southern hemiphere is covered in how much water
two types of crust
local variations in the Earth's magnetic field reversal
61%
the northern hemisphere is covered in how much water
81%
the southern hemiphere is covered in how much water
14 terms
Marine biology vocab 2
topography
theory of plate tectonics
theory of seafloor spreading
continental slope
detailed charting of the features of an area; heights, depths…
the earth's outermost layer is separated into 12 or more plat…
molten magma from the mantle flows up to the seafloor, cools…
the sloping surface between the outer edge of the continental…
topography
detailed charting of the features of an area; heights, depths…
theory of plate tectonics
the earth's outermost layer is separated into 12 or more plat…
20 terms
Marine biology Column 2
Eutrophication
First-order consumer
Food chain
Food web
Nutrient enrichment of an aquatic system that results in rapi…
A consumer that feeds directly on a producer. Also known as a…
A sequence of feeding relationships among a group of organism…
A representation of the complex feeding networks that exist i…
Eutrophication
Nutrient enrichment of an aquatic system that results in rapi…
First-order consumer
A consumer that feeds directly on a producer. Also known as a…
Marine Biology - 1&2
ecology
The biosphere
ecosystem
both abiotic and biotic factors
the study of the interaction of organisms and their environme…
supports all of life on earth.
Organisms that live under similar environmental conditions an…
The habitat of a species has
ecology
the study of the interaction of organisms and their environme…
The biosphere
supports all of life on earth.
Marine Biology 1:2
Basin
Renewable Resources
Nonrenewable resources
Overfishing
In the ocean, large water-covered areas between continents
Resource that is naturally replenished over relatively short…
Resource that is used up faster than it is naturally replaced
Practice of extracting fish at rates faster than stocks can b…
Basin
In the ocean, large water-covered areas between continents
Renewable Resources
Resource that is naturally replenished over relatively short…
Marine biology vocabulary
Viscosity
Surface tension
Density
Heat capacity
Described as how quickly liquids flow
Mutual attraction of water molecules at the surface of a wate…
Ratio of the mass of a substance to its volume
Measure of heat energy required to change the temperature of…
Viscosity
Described as how quickly liquids flow
Surface tension
Mutual attraction of water molecules at the surface of a wate…
27 terms
marine biology 2
phytoplankton
cyanobacteria
Chrysophyta
Diatoms
-marine primary producers... -single celled microscopic organism…
-small, hard to study... -prokaryotes... -intertidal (rocky areas)…
-single celled... -flagellated (whip like/spikey attachments)... -c…
-often most abundant phytoplankton... -dominate in temperate to…
phytoplankton
-marine primary producers... -single celled microscopic organism…
cyanobacteria
-small, hard to study... -prokaryotes... -intertidal (rocky areas)…
26 terms
Marine biology vocab 2
Cove
Crest
Crustaceans
Currents
Small, horse shoe shaped body of water bordered by land forme…
The highest point of a wave
A group of mostly aquatic animals that have an exterior skele…
The water movement in streams
Cove
Small, horse shoe shaped body of water bordered by land forme…
Crest
The highest point of a wave
60 terms
Marine Biology 2
There are four major groups of organic…
The energy in sunlight is used by phot…
When primary production in the ocean i…
_____ (or _____) is broken down by res…
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - lipids... - nucleic acids
- simple sugars... - glucose
nitrate
- organic matter... - glucose... - ATP
There are four major groups of organic…
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - lipids... - nucleic acids
The energy in sunlight is used by phot…
- simple sugars... - glucose
17 terms
Marine Biology week 2
Basins
Renewable Resources
Nonrenewable resource
Atom
In the ocean, large water covered areas between continents
a resource that is naturally replenished over a relatively sh…
a resource that is used up faster than it is naturally replen…
the most basic particle of an element that has the properties…
Basins
In the ocean, large water covered areas between continents
Renewable Resources
a resource that is naturally replenished over a relatively sh…
58 terms
Marine Biology - Chpt. 2
Plate tectonics
Continental margin
Abyss
Continental rise
The theory that the Earth's crust is broken up into sections…
The edge of a typical continent; composed of the shelf, slope…
The deepest part of the ocean; composed of the ocean floor, t…
The gentle slope from the abyss to the continental shelf
Plate tectonics
The theory that the Earth's crust is broken up into sections…
Continental margin
The edge of a typical continent; composed of the shelf, slope…
Marine Biology 2/3
Aesteroidea
Ambulacral grooves
Pedicellariae
Ophiuroidea
Class of Echinoderm, contains Sea Stars, CaCO3 endoskeleton,…
groove bordered by large spines extending along the oral surf…
Poisonous spikes on the sea urchin
Class of Echinoderm, contains brittle stars, no suckers on tu…
Aesteroidea
Class of Echinoderm, contains Sea Stars, CaCO3 endoskeleton,…
Ambulacral grooves
groove bordered by large spines extending along the oral surf…
75 terms
Marine Biology Ch 1 & 2
Marine science
Oceanographer
study marine life
ocean regulate climate
broad field covers link between oceanography and marine science
study non living aspects of ocean
gives clues of early earth
...
Marine science
broad field covers link between oceanography and marine science
Oceanographer
study non living aspects of ocean
19 terms
Marine biology 2
Sea grass
Fouling organisms
Kelp
Kelp trophic cascade
Vascular plants that grow in sub 5m waters eel grass , turtle…
Those that inhabit sea grass sponges and algae to keep away f…
Grow in exposed locations in temperate waters at 40m , holdfa…
Switches between covered and barren based on sea urchins whic…
Sea grass
Vascular plants that grow in sub 5m waters eel grass , turtle…
Fouling organisms
Those that inhabit sea grass sponges and algae to keep away f…
70 terms
Marine Biology 2
acute changes
chronic changes
evolutionary changes
developmental changes
short-term changes in the physiology of individual animals; c…
long-term changes in the physiology of individual animals; ch…
changes that occur by alteration of gene frequencies over the…
changes in the physiology of individual animals that occur in…
acute changes
short-term changes in the physiology of individual animals; c…
chronic changes
long-term changes in the physiology of individual animals; ch…
21 terms
marine biology2
North Atlantic right whale
pygmy right whale
gray whale
blue whale
Eubalaena glacialis
Caperea marginata
Eschruchtius robustus
Balaenoptera musculus
North Atlantic right whale
Eubalaena glacialis
pygmy right whale
Caperea marginata
30 terms
Marine Biology- Presentations 2
cartilage
bilateral
alimentary canal
chordata
shark skeleton
shark symmetry
shark digestive system
shark phylum
cartilage
shark skeleton
bilateral
shark symmetry
152 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary
ocean productivty
oceanography
marine biology
hypothesis
the amount of food marine organisms can produce and the numbe…
the study of the physical characteristics of the ocean
the study of marine organisms and their interactions
explanations that can be tested by experiments
ocean productivty
the amount of food marine organisms can produce and the numbe…
oceanography
the study of the physical characteristics of the ocean
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