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Study sets matching "vocab anatomy physiology system biology 2"

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Study sets matching "vocab anatomy physiology system biology 2"

29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology, Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
80 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System; Bones pt. 2
sternal extremity (clavicle)
acromial extremity (clavicle)
(scapula) spine
(scapula) acromion
sternal extremity (clavicle)
acromial extremity (clavicle)
50 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System 2
humerus head
anatomical neck
surgical neck
greater tubercle
humerus head
anatomical neck
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Respiratory System
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
nasal cavities
paranasal sinuses
respiratory organs located outside the chest cavity... nasal ca…
respiratory organs located in the chest cavity... lower trachea…
separated in right and left by the nasal septum... air enters th…
sphenoidal... frontal... ethmoidal... maxillary ... tears from the nasol…
upper respiratory tract
respiratory organs located outside the chest cavity... nasal ca…
lower respiratory tract
respiratory organs located in the chest cavity... lower trachea…
23 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology: Digestive System
mouth
teeth
tongue
salivary glands
food intake
break down food particles
taste buds to taste food
amylase to digest starch lysosome to lys bacteria, moisten food
mouth
food intake
teeth
break down food particles
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Digestive System
Which of the following descriptions be…
52) The activities of the digestive sy…
Which of the following descriptions be…
The ________ are double sheets of peri…
B) sensory neural network
E) All of the answers are correct.
D) coordinates activity of muscularis externa
C) mesenteries
Which of the following descriptions be…
B) sensory neural network
52) The activities of the digestive sy…
E) All of the answers are correct.
23 terms
Biology 2 Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary Pt. 2
ADEN/O-
ANGI/O-
ARTHR/O-
CARDI/O-
Gland
Vessel
Joint
Heart
ADEN/O-
Gland
ANGI/O-
Vessel
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Digestive System
digestion
absorption
peristalsis
esophagus
process by which food is broken down into smaller particles s…
process whereby the end products of digestion move across the…
rhythmic alternating contraction and relaxation of the muscles
food tube that carries food from the pharynx to the stomach;…
digestion
process by which food is broken down into smaller particles s…
absorption
process whereby the end products of digestion move across the…
27 terms
Biology 2 Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary Pt. 1
AB-
AD-
CIRCUM-/PERI-
CO-/CON-/Sym-/Syn-
From, Away
To, Near, Toward
Around
With, Together
AB-
From, Away
AD-
To, Near, Toward
16 terms
Chapter 2 - Integumentary System (Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary)
Biopsy
Cutaneous
Dermal
Dermatologist
removal of tissue for microscope examination
pertaining to the skin
pertaining to the skin, especially the dermis
physician who specializes in the study and treatments of the…
Biopsy
removal of tissue for microscope examination
Cutaneous
pertaining to the skin
16 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Muscular System 2
triceps brachii
biceps brachii
brachioradialis
brachialis
triceps brachii
biceps brachii
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
Cell Body
Dendrite
nerve cell that transmits impulses
the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
contains the nucleus of a neuron
receptive areas of the neuron; extensions of the nerve cell b…
Neuron
nerve cell that transmits impulses
Nerve Impulse
the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
77 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System; Bones
Zygomatic (process)
Mastoid (process)
Styloid (process)
Petrous portion
Zygomatic (process)
Mastoid (process)
17 terms
Biology 2 Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Physiology
structure and shape of the body and its parts
large, easily observable structures (organs, organ systems)
structures too small to see without the aid of a microscope
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
Anatomy
structure and shape of the body and its parts
Gross Anatomy
large, easily observable structures (organs, organ systems)
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Axon
Dendrite
Myelin
Neurilemma
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
The fatty material that forms a sheath like covering around s…
Sheath formed by Schwann cells on the exterior of some axons.…
Axon
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
Dendrite
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Lymphatic System
lymphatic system
lymph
lymphatic vessels
lymphatic ducts
drains fluid from our tissue spaces; lymphatic vessels return…
latin "water"... clear fluid that resembles plasma... composed pr…
include lymphatic capillaries and several larger lymphatic ve…
large tube or vessel that carries lymph, such as the thoracic…
lymphatic system
drains fluid from our tissue spaces; lymphatic vessels return…
lymph
latin "water"... clear fluid that resembles plasma... composed pr…
56 terms
Biology 2 Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Receptor
Stimulus
Study of internal and external structures
Study of how anatomical structures perform vital functions
A sensor that senses and environmental change
An environmental change
Anatomy
Study of internal and external structures
Physiology
Study of how anatomical structures perform vital functions
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System Vocabulary Quiz 2
acetylcholine
actin filament
myosin filament
actin potential
a molecule released by neurons at the neuromuscular junction…
one of the thin contractile filaments in a myofibril, compose…
one of the thick contractile filaments in a myofibril, compos…
quick up and down voltage shift, from the negative resting me…
acetylcholine
a molecule released by neurons at the neuromuscular junction…
actin filament
one of the thin contractile filaments in a myofibril, compose…
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Lymphatic system
Lymphatic and Cardiovascular System
Components of Lymphatic System**
Function of L system**
Lymph Capillaries**
-Lymphatic vessels work in conjuntion with cardiovascular... -Ma…
-Network of lymphatic vessels/nodes... -Spleen... -Thymus... -Tonsils
-Assists in maintaining fluid balance... -Transports excess flui…
-Microscopic close ended tubes... -Extend into spaces within the…
Lymphatic and Cardiovascular System
-Lymphatic vessels work in conjuntion with cardiovascular... -Ma…
Components of Lymphatic System**
-Network of lymphatic vessels/nodes... -Spleen... -Thymus... -Tonsils
22 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Respiratory System Vocabulary
Nasal Septum
Cilia
Sinuses
Pharynx
Divides the nasal cavity into left and right portions
Hairs that tap dirt and particles
Cavities in skull that are connected to cavity by ducts. Line…
Also known as the throat is 5" long
Nasal Septum
Divides the nasal cavity into left and right portions
Cilia
Hairs that tap dirt and particles
48 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Nervous System Vocabulary
Peripheral Nervous System
Ganglia
Sensory Division
Motor Division
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and ganglia
Clusters of neuron cell bodies located outside the CNS
Afferent
Efferent
Peripheral Nervous System
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and ganglia
Ganglia
Clusters of neuron cell bodies located outside the CNS
38 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System 2
brain
cerebrum
cerebral hemispheres
corpus callosum
THE ______IS THE CENTER OF BOTH MOTOR AND SENSORY PROCESSING…
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of…
Divided into right and left by the cerebrum.
A thick band of axons that connects the two cerebral hemisphe…
brain
THE ______IS THE CENTER OF BOTH MOTOR AND SENSORY PROCESSING…
cerebrum
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of…
anatomy and physiology 2 lab - endocrine system
pancreas
testes
ovaries
adrenal cortex
hormone: glucagon/insulin... target: liver/adipose tissue/most b…
hormone: testosterone... target: most body cells... effect: sperm p…
hormone: progesterone/estrogen... target: uterus, mammary glands…
hormone: cortisol/aldosterone... target: kidneys... effect: promote…
pancreas
hormone: glucagon/insulin... target: liver/adipose tissue/most b…
testes
hormone: testosterone... target: most body cells... effect: sperm p…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Respiratory System-2
Respiratory System
Cellular Respiration
what is the function of the respirator…
the trachea leads to the...
the body system that functions to get oxygen from he environm…
uses oxygen in chemical reactions that release energy
gas exchange
bronchi
Respiratory System
the body system that functions to get oxygen from he environm…
Cellular Respiration
uses oxygen in chemical reactions that release energy
94 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Cardiovascular System Vocabulary
arteries
veins
great vessels
blood pressure
carry blood AWAY from the heart
carry blood BACK to the heart
the specific classification for the arteries and veins enteri…
the force of blood pushing against the inside walls of the ve…
arteries
carry blood AWAY from the heart
veins
carry blood BACK to the heart
49 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Endocrine System Vocabulary
endocrine
exocrine
endocrine vs. nervous system
amino acid derivatives
secretions are hormones; secrete into bloodstream (glands are…
secretions are fluids, lubricants, enzymes; secrete onto body…
NS: faster (immediate) & acute ... ES: slower but effects are lo…
small, similar to amino acids... examples: thyroid hormones, epi…
endocrine
secretions are hormones; secrete into bloodstream (glands are…
exocrine
secretions are fluids, lubricants, enzymes; secrete onto body…
200 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Digestive System Vocabulary
Digestive System
Gastroenterology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
- the study of the digestive tract and the diagnosis and trea…
- the physical breakdown of food into smaller particles... Cutti…
a series of hydrolysis reactions carried out by digestive enz…
Digestive System
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
Gastroenterology
- the study of the digestive tract and the diagnosis and trea…
78 terms
Biology Unit 2: Anatomy and Physiology
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins
Water
- main source of energy ... - needed for cellular respiration... -…
- concentrated source of chemical energy... - aid in vitamin abs…
- needed for all metabolic activity and motion... - long chains…
- body is 55-60% water... - required for most bodily functions (…
Carbohydrates
- main source of energy ... - needed for cellular respiration... -…
Fats
- concentrated source of chemical energy... - aid in vitamin abs…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Circulatory System - Vocabulary
Angiogenesis
Aortography
Arteries
Arteriole
Formation of new blood vessels
X-ray examination of the aorta and its main branches after in…
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Nearly microscopic vessel that plays key role in regulating f…
Angiogenesis
Formation of new blood vessels
Aortography
X-ray examination of the aorta and its main branches after in…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System 2
Joints
Classification
Fibrous Joints
Sydesmosis (Fibrous Joint)
Articulations -- Functional junctions between bones... Bind part…
Type of tissue that binds bones at each junction; Degree of m…
Dense connective tissue holds bones together... 3 Types: Sydesmo…
Bones connected by ligament... Slight movement... Ex: Distal ends o…
Joints
Articulations -- Functional junctions between bones... Bind part…
Classification
Type of tissue that binds bones at each junction; Degree of m…
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Digestive System
digestion
absorption
peristalsis
esophagus
process by which food is broken down into smaller particles s…
process whereby the end products of digestion move across the…
rhythmic alternating contraction and relaxation of the muscles
food tube that carries food from the pharynx to the stomach;…
digestion
process by which food is broken down into smaller particles s…
absorption
process whereby the end products of digestion move across the…
77 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System; Bones
Zygomatic (process)
Mastoid (process)
Styloid (process)
Petrous portion
Zygomatic (process)
Mastoid (process)
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System Vocabulary
Abduction
Abductor
Action
Adduction
movement of a body part away from the midline of the body
a muscle that draws a body part away from the midline of the…
movement caused by muscle contractions
movement of a body part toward the midline of the body
Abduction
movement of a body part away from the midline of the body
Abductor
a muscle that draws a body part away from the midline of the…
25 terms
Immune System Anatomy & Physiology 2
Diapedesis
Antigen-Presenting Cells
AMP
IgD
The passage of blood cells through the intact wall of the cap…
Cells that present antigen fragments to T-cells for maturatio…
Antimicrobial Peptides. Small molecular weight proteins.
Acts as B-receptor
Diapedesis
The passage of blood cells through the intact wall of the cap…
Antigen-Presenting Cells
Cells that present antigen fragments to T-cells for maturatio…
22 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal Muscles 2
psoas major
iliacus
sartorius
gluteus maximus
psoas major
iliacus
147 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 2
Anatomic Position
Name the anatomic planes
Sagittal Plane
Frontal Plane
Standing upright... Feet parallel and on the floor... Head level an…
Sagittal... Frontal ... Transverse
Divides body in right and left parts.... Variations: midsagittal…
(coronal plate) is ... parallel to forehead. Divides body... into a…
Anatomic Position
Standing upright... Feet parallel and on the floor... Head level an…
Name the anatomic planes
Sagittal... Frontal ... Transverse
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary #2
plasma membrane
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
glycolipids
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
Water loving
Water hating
Membrane carbohydrates that are covalently bonded to lipids.…
plasma membrane
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
hydrophilic
Water loving
anatomy and physiology 2 lab - reproductive system
seminal gland
ejaculatory duct
prostate
bulbourethral gland
secretes fructose... nourishes sperm
where semen leaves the body... helps in contraction
neutralizes acidity of pee/urethra
neutralizes acidity
seminal gland
secretes fructose... nourishes sperm
ejaculatory duct
where semen leaves the body... helps in contraction
90 terms
anatomy & physiology 2 - endocrine system
Releasing hormones
Inhibiting hormones
Comparison of Nervous and Endocrine Sy…
What is a hormone?
stimulate hormone release
prevent hormone release
• Both use chemicals that bind to receptors on target cells…
Hormones are chemical messengers that are released in one tis…
Releasing hormones
stimulate hormone release
Inhibiting hormones
prevent hormone release
63 terms
anatomy & physiology 2 Cardiovascular System
Functional Anatomy of Blood Vessels
Two circuits of Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic circuit
Blood vessels conduct blood between heart and peripheral tiss…
Pulmonary circuit and Systemic circuit Each circuit begins an…
(to and from lungs)
(to and from rest of body)
Functional Anatomy of Blood Vessels
Blood vessels conduct blood between heart and peripheral tiss…
Two circuits of Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary circuit and Systemic circuit Each circuit begins an…
50 terms
MCAT Cardiovascular System Anatomy-Physiology & Blood (Biology)
capillaries connect
pulmonary circulation involves pumping…
systemic regulation involves pumping b…
left atrium receive blood from
heart to veins
lungs and back
body and back
pulmonary veins
capillaries connect
heart to veins
pulmonary circulation involves pumping…
lungs and back
22 terms
Skeletal system vocabulary, Anatomy & Physiology
Osseous tissue
Osteon
Compact bone
Spongy bone
bone tissue
Haversian system, cylindrical structures in compact bone
firm outer layer, and main type of bone
softer, inner bone tissue
Osseous tissue
bone tissue
Osteon
Haversian system, cylindrical structures in compact bone
49 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 Final Exam: Endocrine System
endocrine system
functions of the endocrine system
what are hormones secreted by
activities of bodily hormones
chemical system that functions with the nervous system
long-term metabolic activities -- chemical messenger and horm…
glands
metabolism -- reproduction -- stress response -- energy balance
endocrine system
chemical system that functions with the nervous system
functions of the endocrine system
long-term metabolic activities -- chemical messenger and horm…
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Respiratory System
What are the 5 functions of the respir…
What are the major components of the U…
What are the major components of the L…
Nasal cavities
Gas exchange... Blood pH regulation... Protection... Voice production…
External Nose... Nasal Cavities... Pharynx
Larynx... Trachea... Bronchi... Lungs
External to internal nares
What are the 5 functions of the respir…
Gas exchange... Blood pH regulation... Protection... Voice production…
What are the major components of the U…
External Nose... Nasal Cavities... Pharynx
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Respiratory System Vocabulary
Nasal Cavity
Nose
External Nares
Internal Nares
-Includes the nose, external nares, and internal nares.... -Has…
-Only visible part of the system.... -Air enters through the nose.
Passageway in which air enters the body.
Filters the air that passes through.
Nasal Cavity
-Includes the nose, external nares, and internal nares.... -Has…
Nose
-Only visible part of the system.... -Air enters through the nose.
67 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Muscular System Vocabulary
Muscle
Endomysium
Perimysium
Epimysium
Definition: soft tissue, have protein filaments, and produce…
Connective tissue surrounding individual muscle cells
Connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscle fibers
Connective tissue surrounding the entire muscle
Muscle
Definition: soft tissue, have protein filaments, and produce…
Endomysium
Connective tissue surrounding individual muscle cells
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 - Endocrine System
Hormones Control
Antagonistic Hormones
Agonistic Hormones
Synergistic Hormones
Reproduction, growth & development, body defences, H2O, elect…
...
...
...
Hormones Control
Reproduction, growth & development, body defences, H2O, elect…
Antagonistic Hormones
...
81 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Digestive System Vocabulary
Ingestion
Propulsion
Mechanical Digestion
Peristalsis
Consumption of a susbtance through the mouth
Movement of food through the alimentary canal
Mixing and dividing food for further degradation by enzymes
Adjacent segments contract and relax to move food down
Ingestion
Consumption of a susbtance through the mouth
Propulsion
Movement of food through the alimentary canal
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System Vocabulary
Appendicular skeleton
Articular cartilage
Axial skeleton
Canaliculi (canaliculus=singular)
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the girdle bones…
Thin layer of cartilage covering an epiphysis; reduces fricti…
Central, vertical axis of the body, including the skull, vert…
Channels within the bone matrix that house one of an osteocyt…
Appendicular skeleton
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the girdle bones…
Articular cartilage
Thin layer of cartilage covering an epiphysis; reduces fricti…
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