Study sets matching "vocab anatomy physiology system biology"

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Study sets matching "vocab anatomy physiology system biology"

29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology, Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
23 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology: Digestive System
mouth
teeth
tongue
salivary glands
food intake
break down food particles
taste buds to taste food
amylase to digest starch lysosome to lys bacteria, moisten food
mouth
food intake
teeth
break down food particles
77 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System; Bones
Zygomatic (process)
Mastoid (process)
Styloid (process)
Petrous portion
Zygomatic (process)
Mastoid (process)
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Axon
Dendrite
Myelin
Neurilemma
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
The fatty material that forms a sheath like covering around s…
Sheath formed by Schwann cells on the exterior of some axons.…
Axon
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
Dendrite
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
274 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Hard Palate
Soft Palate
Uvula
Palatine Tonsils
Letter A represents
Letter B represents
Leter C represents
Letter D represents
Hard Palate
Letter A represents
Soft Palate
Letter B represents
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
Cell Body
Dendrite
nerve cell that transmits impulses
the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
contains the nucleus of a neuron
receptive areas of the neuron; extensions of the nerve cell b…
Neuron
nerve cell that transmits impulses
Nerve Impulse
the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
94 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Cardiovascular System Vocabulary
arteries
veins
great vessels
blood pressure
carry blood AWAY from the heart
carry blood BACK to the heart
the specific classification for the arteries and veins enteri…
the force of blood pushing against the inside walls of the ve…
arteries
carry blood AWAY from the heart
veins
carry blood BACK to the heart
49 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Endocrine System Vocabulary
endocrine
exocrine
endocrine vs. nervous system
amino acid derivatives
secretions are hormones; secrete into bloodstream (glands are…
secretions are fluids, lubricants, enzymes; secrete onto body…
NS: faster (immediate) & acute ... ES: slower but effects are lo…
small, similar to amino acids... examples: thyroid hormones, epi…
endocrine
secretions are hormones; secrete into bloodstream (glands are…
exocrine
secretions are fluids, lubricants, enzymes; secrete onto body…
22 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Respiratory System Vocabulary
Nasal Septum
Cilia
Sinuses
Pharynx
Divides the nasal cavity into left and right portions
Hairs that tap dirt and particles
Cavities in skull that are connected to cavity by ducts. Line…
Also known as the throat is 5" long
Nasal Septum
Divides the nasal cavity into left and right portions
Cilia
Hairs that tap dirt and particles
48 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Nervous System Vocabulary
Peripheral Nervous System
Ganglia
Sensory Division
Motor Division
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and ganglia
Clusters of neuron cell bodies located outside the CNS
Afferent
Efferent
Peripheral Nervous System
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and ganglia
Ganglia
Clusters of neuron cell bodies located outside the CNS
200 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Digestive System Vocabulary
Digestive System
Gastroenterology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
- the study of the digestive tract and the diagnosis and trea…
- the physical breakdown of food into smaller particles... Cutti…
a series of hydrolysis reactions carried out by digestive enz…
Digestive System
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
Gastroenterology
- the study of the digestive tract and the diagnosis and trea…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
55 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Lymphatic System
What is the function of Thymosin
What is the function of the Spleen
What is the action of the mast cell
Immunoglobulins
creates T-cells
Filters the blood and removes damaged blood cells and bacteria
release histamine and leukotrienes
Antibodies that constitute the gamma globulin fraction of the…
What is the function of Thymosin
creates T-cells
What is the function of the Spleen
Filters the blood and removes damaged blood cells and bacteria
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Skeletal System; Anatomy and Physiology
femur
head of femur
fovea capitus... small hole in head
neck of femur
femur
head of femur
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cardiovascular System (anatomy)
myocardium
myocardium
membranous interventricular septum
muscular interventricular septum
[] of left ventricle
[] of right ventricle
myocardium
[] of left ventricle
myocardium
[] of right ventricle
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System; Bones
Zygomatic (process)
Mastoid (process)
Styloid (process)
Petrous portion
Zygomatic (process)
Mastoid (process)
81 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Digestive System Vocabulary
Ingestion
Propulsion
Mechanical Digestion
Peristalsis
Consumption of a susbtance through the mouth
Movement of food through the alimentary canal
Mixing and dividing food for further degradation by enzymes
Adjacent segments contract and relax to move food down
Ingestion
Consumption of a susbtance through the mouth
Propulsion
Movement of food through the alimentary canal
437 terms
Nervous system // Anatomy& Physiology
PNS
nerve
Ganglion
Endoneurium
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
group of nerve cell bodies in PNS
connective tissue sheath that surrounds each fiber
PNS
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
nerve
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
67 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Muscular System Vocabulary
Muscle
Endomysium
Perimysium
Epimysium
Definition: soft tissue, have protein filaments, and produce…
Connective tissue surrounding individual muscle cells
Connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscle fibers
Connective tissue surrounding the entire muscle
Muscle
Definition: soft tissue, have protein filaments, and produce…
Endomysium
Connective tissue surrounding individual muscle cells
Anatomy & Physiology Sensory System
Stimulus
Sensation
Sensory receptor
Special sense
environmental change initiates a nerve impulse.
cerebral cortex interprets the nerve impulse received.
part of nervous system that detects stimulus
localized in a special sense organ
Stimulus
environmental change initiates a nerve impulse.
Sensation
cerebral cortex interprets the nerve impulse received.
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Axon
Dendrite
Myelin
Neurilemma
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
The fatty material that forms a sheath like covering around s…
Sheath formed by Schwann cells on the exterior of some axons.…
Axon
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
Dendrite
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Anatomy and Physiology - Muscular System: Vocabulary
Endomysium
Fasicles
Perimysium
Epimysium
Thin connective tissue surrounding each muscle cell.
A bundle of nerve or muscle fibers bound together by connecti…
The connective tissue enveloping bundles of muscle fibers.
The sheath of fibrous connective tissue surrounding a muscle.
Endomysium
Thin connective tissue surrounding each muscle cell.
Fasicles
A bundle of nerve or muscle fibers bound together by connecti…
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System Vocabulary
Abduction
Abductor
Action
Adduction
movement of a body part away from the midline of the body
a muscle that draws a body part away from the midline of the…
movement caused by muscle contractions
movement of a body part toward the midline of the body
Abduction
movement of a body part away from the midline of the body
Abductor
a muscle that draws a body part away from the midline of the…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Circulatory System - Vocabulary
Angiogenesis
Aortography
Arteries
Arteriole
Formation of new blood vessels
X-ray examination of the aorta and its main branches after in…
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Nearly microscopic vessel that plays key role in regulating f…
Angiogenesis
Formation of new blood vessels
Aortography
X-ray examination of the aorta and its main branches after in…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System Vocabulary
Appendicular skeleton
Articular cartilage
Axial skeleton
Canaliculi (canaliculus=singular)
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the girdle bones…
Thin layer of cartilage covering an epiphysis; reduces fricti…
Central, vertical axis of the body, including the skull, vert…
Channels within the bone matrix that house one of an osteocyt…
Appendicular skeleton
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the girdle bones…
Articular cartilage
Thin layer of cartilage covering an epiphysis; reduces fricti…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System Vocabulary
Appendicular skeleton
Articular cartilage
Axial skeleton
Canaliculi (canaliculus)
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the girdle bones…
Thin layer of cartilage covering an epiphysis; reduces fricti…
Central, vertical axis of the body, including the skull, vert…
Channels within the bone matrix that house one of an osteocyt…
Appendicular skeleton
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the girdle bones…
Articular cartilage
Thin layer of cartilage covering an epiphysis; reduces fricti…
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
104 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Digestive System Vocabulary
Gastrointestinal Tract
Oral Cavity
Labia
Uvula
Also known as the alimentary canal. A continuous, coiled, hol…
Also known as the mouth. A mucous membrane-lined cavity. Wher…
Also known as the lips. Protect the anterior opening of the o…
Fleshy fingerlike projection of the soft palate.
Gastrointestinal Tract
Also known as the alimentary canal. A continuous, coiled, hol…
Oral Cavity
Also known as the mouth. A mucous membrane-lined cavity. Wher…
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Temporalis
Masseter
Closes eye
Closes lips
Elevates mandible
Elevates mandible
Orbicularis Oculi
Closes eye
Orbicularis Oris
Closes lips
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System Vocabulary
Abduct
Adduct
Agonist
Antagonist
to move a skeletal part away from the midline
to move a skeletal part nearer the midline
a muscle which has the primary effect in a particular action
a muscle whose action is opposite that of another muscle
Abduct
to move a skeletal part away from the midline
Adduct
to move a skeletal part nearer the midline
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System Vocabulary
Neuron
Neuroglia
Axon
Dendrite
Cell of the nervous system specialized to generate and transm…
Non-excitable cells of neural tissue that support, protect, a…
Neuron process that carries impulses away from the nerve cell…
Branching neuron process that serves as a receptive, or input…
Neuron
Cell of the nervous system specialized to generate and transm…
Neuroglia
Non-excitable cells of neural tissue that support, protect, a…
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
17 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Circulatory System
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
Arterioles
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
Carry blood to the heart (blue)
Little arteries
Circulatory System
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System Vocabulary
Appendicular skeleton
Articular cartilage
Axial skeleton
Canaliculi (canaliculus=singular)
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the girdle bones…
Thin layer of cartilage covering an epiphysis; reduces fricti…
Central, vertical axis of the body, including the skull, vert…
Channels within the bone matrix that house one of an osteocyt…
Appendicular skeleton
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the girdle bones…
Articular cartilage
Thin layer of cartilage covering an epiphysis; reduces fricti…
12 terms
biology anatomy and physiology ch 4 integumentary system
skin
epidermis
dermis
stratum basale (deepest)
also called cutaneous membrane ... subcataneous layer found und…
superficial layer; epithelial tissue ... composed of keratinized…
deeper layer; connective tissue
single row of cuboidal or columnar keratinocytes ... stem cells…
skin
also called cutaneous membrane ... subcataneous layer found und…
epidermis
superficial layer; epithelial tissue ... composed of keratinized…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
infundibulum
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
22 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Humidity
Mucus
Mucous Membranes
nose, trachea and lungs
water vapor in the air
sticky stuff in your lungs that dust and other bad things sti…
a special kind of tissue that produces mucus
Respiratory System
nose, trachea and lungs
Humidity
water vapor in the air
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Reproductive System Vocabulary
Cervix
Clitoris
Vagina
Myometrium
Lower outlet of the uterus extending into the vagina
anterior to the vestibule; a small, protruding structure comp…
thin-walled tube extending from the cervix to the body exteri…
thick uterine musculature
Cervix
Lower outlet of the uterus extending into the vagina
Clitoris
anterior to the vestibule; a small, protruding structure comp…
62 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Digestive System
stomach
esophagus
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
stomach
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
Skeletal system
5 functions of the bone:
Compositions of Bones
Periosteum
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
bone cells or osteocytes, blood vessels, connective tissues,…
covers and protects the bone and provide bone nourishment, de…
Skeletal system
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
5 functions of the bone:
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
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