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Study sets matching "vocab ap biology 6"

20 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary 6
metabolism
anabolic
catabolic
1st Law of Thermodynamics
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
build
breakdown
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be c…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
anabolic
build
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary #6
geo-
glyc-, glyco-
gymno-
gyn-, gyno-
earth
sugar
naked
female
geo-
earth
glyc-, glyco-
sugar
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
AP Biology Vocabulary 6
Per-
Permea-
Phag-
Pheno-
Through
Pass/go
Eat
Show
Per-
Through
Permea-
Pass/go
40 terms
AP biology vocabulary #6
-less
leuc-
lign-
lin-
without
white; bright; light
wood
line
-less
without
leuc-
white; bright; light
AP Biology Vocabulary Unit 6
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
SRY Gene
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
States that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete…
How different genes independently separate from one another w…
Found in Y chromosome, determines whether the gonads develop…
Genes have specific loci on chromosomes, and it is the chromo…
Law of Segregation
States that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete…
Law of Independent Assortment
How different genes independently separate from one another w…
49 terms
AP Biology: Vocabulary #6
per-
permea-
phag-
pheno-
through
pass; go
eat
show
per-
through
permea-
pass; go
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down c…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to build complex m…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
Metabolic Pathway
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 and 7 Vocabulary
organelles
cytology
cell fractionation
eukaryotic cell
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
study of cell structure
takes cells apart and separates major organelles
protists, fungi, animals, and plants. has a nucleus with the…
organelles
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
cytology
study of cell structure
69 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Light microscope
Organelles
Electron microscope
Scanning electron microscope
a microscope in which visible light passes through the specim…
subcellular structures that are too small to be resolved by a…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons through the spe…
a microscope in which an electron beam scans the surface of a…
Light microscope
a microscope in which visible light passes through the specim…
Organelles
subcellular structures that are too small to be resolved by a…
36 terms
AP Biology Ch. 6 Vocab
central vacuole
centriole
centrosome
chloroplast
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
A structure in the centrosome of an animal cell composed of a…
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
An organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists that…
central vacuole
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
centriole
A structure in the centrosome of an animal cell composed of a…
23 terms
AP Biology Ch. 6
autotroph
heterotroph
chlorophyll a
pigment
Organism that makes its own food
Organism that obtains carbon from organic compounds in other…
main photosynthetic pigment in plants
an organic molecule that can absorb light of certain waveleng…
autotroph
Organism that makes its own food
heterotroph
Organism that obtains carbon from organic compounds in other…
64 terms
AP Biology (Ch. 6) Vocabulary
light microscope
organelles
electron microscope
SEM
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
sub cellular structures; membrane-enclosed compartments; simp…
(EM); focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or ont…
scanning electron microscope; especially useful for detailed…
light microscope
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
organelles
sub cellular structures; membrane-enclosed compartments; simp…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic
Anabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down c…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to build complex m…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
Metabolic Pathway
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
24 terms
AP Biology-Chapter 6-Cell
cell
Electron Microscope
cytosol
prokaryotic cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
semi fluid within the membrane
-no nucleus... -organisms of the domains bacteria and archaea... -h…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Electron Microscope
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
28 terms
Ch. 6 Vocabulary AP Biology
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Oxidation
Reduction
the energy of motion
energy that is not being used, but could be; energy in a pote…
loss of an electron by an atom of molecule; in metabolism, of…
the gain of an electron by an atom,often with an associated p…
Kinetic energy
the energy of motion
Potential energy
energy that is not being used, but could be; energy in a pote…
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
50 terms
AP Biology: Vocabulary Quiz #6
Per-
Permea-
Phag-
Pheno-
Through
Pass; go
eat
Show
Per-
Through
Permea-
Pass; go
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cell diagram
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
cell diagram
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
70 terms
AP Biology Ch. 6
Actin
Basal Body
Cell Fractionation
Cell Wall
protein that mainly makes up the thin filaments in striations…
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
Actin
protein that mainly makes up the thin filaments in striations…
Basal Body
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
39 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
redox reaction
reduction
oxidation
cellular respiration
a chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
relative loss of electrons in a chemical reaction; either out…
the catabolic pathways by which electrons are removed from va…
redox reaction
a chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
reduction
gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
63 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
light microscope
magnification
resolution
contrast
a microscope where light is passed through the specimen and t…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of an boject
accentuates different parts of a sample
light microscope
a microscope where light is passed through the specimen and t…
magnification
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
45 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 6
Golgi apparatus
Lysosomes
Tay-Sachs disease
Phagocytosis
Accepts vesicles from er and further modifies the protein
A single membrane sac that contains hydrolytic enzymes
Brain cells get clogged with very large lipids due to lysosom…
Cells ingesting other cells
Golgi apparatus
Accepts vesicles from er and further modifies the protein
Lysosomes
A single membrane sac that contains hydrolytic enzymes
AP Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Fermentation
Proton-Motive Force
ATP synthase
Electron transport
(1) speaking specifically about energy metabolism, the anaero…
(PMF) the force that promotes movement of protons across memb…
An integral membrane protein that couples the transport of pr…
The passage of electrons through a series of proteins with a…
Fermentation
(1) speaking specifically about energy metabolism, the anaero…
Proton-Motive Force
(PMF) the force that promotes movement of protons across memb…
32 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Metabolic Pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
86 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Light Microscopy
Organelles
Electron Microscopy
Transmission Electron Microscopy
An optical instrument with lenses that blend light to magnify…
The membrane enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
A microscope that uses magnets to focus an electron Beam on o…
Is used to study the internal structure of thin sections of c…
Light Microscopy
An optical instrument with lenses that blend light to magnify…
Organelles
The membrane enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
Metabolism
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
pathways can be coupled
all of an organism's chemical reactions... - an emergent propert…
- release energy... - break down molecules into smaller molecule…
- consumes energy... - builds up bigger molecules from smaller o…
- cell can use energy released from a catabolic pathway to dr…
Metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions... - an emergent propert…
Catabolic Pathways
- release energy... - break down molecules into smaller molecule…
64 terms
AP Biology (Ch. 6) Vocabulary
light microscope
organelles
electron microscope
SEM
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
sub cellular structures; membrane-enclosed compartments; simp…
(EM); focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or ont…
scanning electron microscope; especially useful for detailed…
light microscope
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
organelles
sub cellular structures; membrane-enclosed compartments; simp…
111 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
light microscope (LM)
magnification
resolution
contrast
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
ratio of an object's image size to its real size
measure of the clarity of the image; minimum distance two poi…
difference in brightness between the light and dark areas of…
light microscope (LM)
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
magnification
ratio of an object's image size to its real size
49 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Quiz 6
per-
permea-
phag-
pheno-
through
pass; go
eat
show
per-
through
permea-
pass; go
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
32 terms
AP Biology Unit 6 Vocabulary
lytic cycle
lysogenic cycle
genetic engineering
gene cloning
invading virus immediately lyses its host cell after infection
the virus integrates its DNA into the host genome and lyses t…
manipulating genes for practical purposes
leads to the production of multiple identical copies of a gen…
lytic cycle
invading virus immediately lyses its host cell after infection
lysogenic cycle
the virus integrates its DNA into the host genome and lyses t…
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
organelles
cell fractionation
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
cell fractionation
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
40 terms
Unit 6 Vocabulary AP BIOLOGY
immune system
innate immunity (nonspecific)
adaptive immunity (specified)
pathogen
system associated with protection against pathogens, toxins,…
an immune response that does not require a previous exposure…
type of immunity that is characterized by the action of the l…
disease causing agent such as viruses, parasitic bacteria, fu…
immune system
system associated with protection against pathogens, toxins,…
innate immunity (nonspecific)
an immune response that does not require a previous exposure…
38 terms
AP BIOLOGY CH 6 VOCABULARY
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathway
Anabolic pathway
Kinetic energy
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The energy associated with the relative motion of objects. Mo…
Metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
Catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
69 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Light microscope
Organelles
Electron microscope
Scanning electron microscope
a microscope in which visible light passes through the specim…
subcellular structures that are too small to be resolved by a…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons through the spe…
a microscope in which an electron beam scans the surface of a…
Light microscope
a microscope in which visible light passes through the specim…
Organelles
subcellular structures that are too small to be resolved by a…
44 terms
AP Biology Ch. 6 Vocabulary
actin
cell wall
centriole
centrosome
a globular protein that links into chains, two of which are h…
a protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
a structure in the centrosome of an animal cell composed of a…
a structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells that fun…
actin
a globular protein that links into chains, two of which are h…
cell wall
a protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Scanning electron microscope
Transmission electron microscope
Cell fractionation
Cytosol
Used for a detailed study of the surface of a specimen. Has g…
Used mainly to study the internal infrastructure of cells. In…
A process that takes cells apart and separates the major orga…
A semifluid substance within the plasma membrane of a cell.
Scanning electron microscope
Used for a detailed study of the surface of a specimen. Has g…
Transmission electron microscope
Used mainly to study the internal infrastructure of cells. In…
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cell fractionation
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
cell fractionation
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
69 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
actin
aminopeptidase
basal body
cell fractionation
a globular protein that links into chain, two of which twist…
catalyze the cleavage of amino acids from the amino terminus…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
actin
a globular protein that links into chain, two of which twist…
aminopeptidase
catalyze the cleavage of amino acids from the amino terminus…
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Oxidation
Reduction
The energy of motion
Energy that is not being used but could be; energy in a poten…
Loss of an electron by an atom or molecule; in metabolism, of…
Gain of an electron by an atom or molecule
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion
Potential energy
Energy that is not being used but could be; energy in a poten…
AP Biology Vocabulary Quiz 6
-logy
lumin-
-lys-; -lyt-; -lyst
macr-
study of...
light
decompose; split; divide
large
-logy
study of...
lumin-
light
26 terms
AP Biology Unit 6 Vocabulary
signal transduction pathway
local signaling
local regulators
long-distance signaling
a series of steps linking a mechanical, chemical or electrica…
a series of steps linking a mechanical, chemical or electrica…
messenger molecules secreted by the signaling cell which only…
cell communication in which signal molecules travel long dist…
signal transduction pathway
a series of steps linking a mechanical, chemical or electrica…
local signaling
a series of steps linking a mechanical, chemical or electrica…
64 terms
AP Biology (Ch. 6) Vocabulary
light microscope
organelles
electron microscope
SEM
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
sub cellular structures; membrane-enclosed compartments; simp…
(EM); focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or ont…
scanning electron microscope; especially useful for detailed…
light microscope
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
organelles
sub cellular structures; membrane-enclosed compartments; simp…
31 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that ewither builds complex mo…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Metabolic Pathway
A series of chemical reactions that ewither builds complex mo…
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