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Study sets matching "vocab ap biology cellular respiration"

23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
13 terms
Cellular Respiration AP Biology
Glycolysis
Where Glycolysis occurs
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
In the cytosol
Cellular Respiration in the presence of oxygen
Cellular Respiration in the absence of oxygen
Glycolysis
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
Where Glycolysis occurs
In the cytosol
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
35 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
anabolic pathway
catabolic
energy coupling
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
In cellular metabolism, the use of energy released from an ex…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
anabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
23 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration
Acetyl CoA
Aerobic
Alcohol Fermentation
Anaerobic
is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxid…
Requiring air or oxygen for life or survival; A form of cellu…
The process by which yeast turns sugar into carbon dioxide (C…
The process of generating energy by the oxidation of nutrient…
Acetyl CoA
is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxid…
Aerobic
Requiring air or oxygen for life or survival; A form of cellu…
55 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
Endergonic
Couple exergonic reactions
Glucose
Energy within Glucose Molecule
organisms constantly need an input of energy in order to live…
carry out exergonic reaction along with an endergonic reactio…
the molecules that we will break down (catabolic reactions) f…
bonds between the atoms hold potential energy, electrons sit…
Endergonic
organisms constantly need an input of energy in order to live…
Couple exergonic reactions
carry out exergonic reaction along with an endergonic reactio…
26 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reactions
degradation of sugars without the use of oxygen
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
electron transfers in chemical reactions, also known as oxida…
fermentation
degradation of sugars without the use of oxygen
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
34 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
What are the building blocks of ATP?
What causes ATP to be an unstable mole…
Once ATP forms how long does it last?
What is the formula for the Hydrolysis…
Adenosine Triphosphate. (3 phosphate groups, ribose, and aden…
The negatively charged phosphate groups. the phosphate groups…
A short period of time.
ATP + Water -> ADP + PO4 + Energy
What are the building blocks of ATP?
Adenosine Triphosphate. (3 phosphate groups, ribose, and aden…
What causes ATP to be an unstable mole…
The negatively charged phosphate groups. the phosphate groups…
16 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Equation for cellular respiration
What is oxidized in the cellular respi…
What is reduced in the cellular respir…
What is the first step?
glucose to 6CO2
6O2 to 6H20
Glycolysis
Equation for cellular respiration
What is oxidized in the cellular respi…
glucose to 6CO2
37 terms
Cliffs AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
first law of thermodynamics
kinetic energy
potential energy
second law of thermodynamics
the total amount of energy in the universe remains constant
the energy of motion
stored energy, such as that in a chemical bond or in somethin…
when energy is converted from one form to another, some energ…
first law of thermodynamics
the total amount of energy in the universe remains constant
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
25 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration #6
cellular respiration reaction
aerobic cellular respiration
anaerobic cellular respiration
glycolysis
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP
reaction that uses glucose and oxygen to create ATP molecules…
reaction that uses glucose as a reactant to create a few ATP…
step of cellular respiration where 1 glucose is broken down i…
cellular respiration reaction
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP
aerobic cellular respiration
reaction that uses glucose and oxygen to create ATP molecules…
31 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
64 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
What are the electron carriers that ca…
Where does Cellular Respiration occur?
What part of the Mitochondria contains…
What is the Mitochondrial inner membra…
NAD+ & NADH
the Mitochondria
Inner Membrane (Cristae)
Cristae
What are the electron carriers that ca…
NAD+ & NADH
Where does Cellular Respiration occur?
the Mitochondria
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
anaerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
91 terms
AP Biology: 04: Photosynthesis, AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
6CO₂ + 6H₂O → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
Cuticle
Epidermis
___ is the process by which light energy is converted to chem…
write the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis... CO₂ =…
the outer, waxy covering of a leaf is called the ___
the cuticle is produced by the ___ to protect the leaf from w…
Photosynthesis
___ is the process by which light energy is converted to chem…
6CO₂ + 6H₂O → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
write the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis... CO₂ =…
17 terms
Pre-AP Biology - CELLULAR RESPIRATION
calorie
Calorie
GLYCOLYSIS
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Calorie
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
47 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
57 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
anabolic pathway
catabolic
ATP
adenosine triphosphate
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
What does ATP stand for?
anabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
catabolic
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
46 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
mesophyll
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
61 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
mesophyll
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
22 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Flow of Energy and Chemicals in Ecosys…
Catabolism
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
The breakdown of complex molecules (high in potential energy)…
A partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that oc…
A catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
Flow of Energy and Chemicals in Ecosys…
Catabolism
The breakdown of complex molecules (high in potential energy)…
13 terms
Cellular Respiration AP Biology
Glycolysis
Where Glycolysis occurs
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
In the cytosol
Cellular Respiration in the presence of oxygen
Cellular Respiration in the absence of oxygen
Glycolysis
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
Where Glycolysis occurs
In the cytosol
44 terms
AP Biology: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration Steps
How many ATP does 1 NADH make?
How many ATP does 1 FADH2 make?
Glucose (C₆H₁₂O₆) + (Oxygen) 6O₂ → (Carbon Dioxide) 6CO₂ + (w…
Glycolysis, Pyruvate to Acetyl CoA, Krebs cycle, and ETC
3 ATP
2 ATP
Cellular Respiration
Glucose (C₆H₁₂O₆) + (Oxygen) 6O₂ → (Carbon Dioxide) 6CO₂ + (w…
Cellular Respiration Steps
Glycolysis, Pyruvate to Acetyl CoA, Krebs cycle, and ETC
33 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Glycolysis Big Picture
Krebs Cycle Big Picture
Glycolosis
ATP/ADP
Glucose is broken down to produce two ATP, two NADH, and two…
Pyruvate is manipulated by removing carbon dioxide to produce…
The breakdown of glucose into pyruvate in the cytoplasm of th…
The main usable energy source in the cell, the latter is used…
Glycolysis Big Picture
Glucose is broken down to produce two ATP, two NADH, and two…
Krebs Cycle Big Picture
Pyruvate is manipulated by removing carbon dioxide to produce…
84 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
46 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
35 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration (2016)
Where does glycolysis occur in a cell?…
What is the purpose of glycolysis? (T1)
What are the reactants of glycolysis?…
What are the NET products of glycolysi…
cytosol
to begin oxidation of glucose to generate ATP (and NADH)
glucose, 2 ATP, 2 NAD+
2 pyruvate, 2 ATP, 2 NADH
Where does glycolysis occur in a cell?…
cytosol
What is the purpose of glycolysis? (T1)
to begin oxidation of glucose to generate ATP (and NADH)
14 terms
AP BIOLOGY CELLULAR RESPIRATION
Write the specific chemical equation f…
Explain in general terms how redox rea…
Describe how the carbon skeleton of gl…
Describe the point at which glucose is…
C6H12O6 + 6CO2 --> 6CO2 + 6H20 + Energy (ATP and Energy)
Electrons are transferred from one atom to another, or move t…
Glucose a 6 carbon sugar is split into pyruvate a 3 carbon su…
During the citric acid cycle it is broken down into carbon di…
Write the specific chemical equation f…
C6H12O6 + 6CO2 --> 6CO2 + 6H20 + Energy (ATP and Energy)
Explain in general terms how redox rea…
Electrons are transferred from one atom to another, or move t…
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
91 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
Water
Molecule
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
H2O Covalent Compound
Smallest part of a compound
shares electrons between atoms
transfers of electrons from one atom to another
Water
H2O Covalent Compound
Molecule
Smallest part of a compound
84 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
31 terms
AP BIOLOGY: Cellular Respiration Unit Vocabulary
allosteric (enzyme)
inhibit
cristae membrane
matrix
it causes a conformational change in the active site so that…
restrain, stop
inner membrane of mitochondria (etc takes place here)
part inside the inner membrane (krebs cycle takes place here)
allosteric (enzyme)
it causes a conformational change in the active site so that…
inhibit
restrain, stop
AP Biology: Cellular Respiration
catabolic pathways
anaerobic fermentation
aerobic respiration
Aerobic Glycolysis
degradative pathways to release ATP for cell functions
evolved in primitive bacteria still used by some unicellular…
when O2 is present (glycolysis, acetyl CoA formation, Krebs C…
glucose split in cytoplasm, 2 ATP added to glucose, unstable…
catabolic pathways
degradative pathways to release ATP for cell functions
anaerobic fermentation
evolved in primitive bacteria still used by some unicellular…
27 terms
AP Biology: Cellular Respiration
Fermentation
Cellular respiration
Aerobic respiration
Redox reaction
A partial degradation of glucose without the use of oxygen
Complete breakdown of glucose
Oxygen is used as a reactant during respiration
One substance partially or completely shifts it's electrons t…
Fermentation
A partial degradation of glucose without the use of oxygen
Cellular respiration
Complete breakdown of glucose
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
reactions where there is a transfer of one or more electrons…
the loss of one or more electrons
fermentation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
cellular respiration
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
96 terms
AP Biology- Cellular Respiration
What is the point of cellular respirat…
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
What is the byproduct of cellular resp…
What is combustion?
to make ATP
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ ---> ATP + 6H₂O + 6CO₂
heat
making a lot of heat energy by burning fuels in one step
What is the point of cellular respirat…
to make ATP
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ ---> ATP + 6H₂O + 6CO₂
48 terms
AP Biology: Cellular Respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
glycolysis
Krebs cycle
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
the process that releases energy (ATP) by breaking down gluco…
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
the cycle in which pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon di…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
cellular respiration
the process that releases energy (ATP) by breaking down gluco…
96 terms
AP Biology- Cellular Respiration
What is the point of cellular respirat…
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
What is the byproduct of cellular resp…
What is combustion?
to make ATP
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ ---> ATP + 6H₂O + 6CO₂
heat
making a lot of heat energy by burning fuels in one step
What is the point of cellular respirat…
to make ATP
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ ---> ATP + 6H₂O + 6CO₂
31 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
Cell respiration is most accurately de…
The transfer of electrons from glucose…
The splitting of molecules into smalle…
True or False? Anabolic reactions are…
catabolic
the energy of the electrons can be used to make ATP
catabolism
False (endergonic)
Cell respiration is most accurately de…
catabolic
The transfer of electrons from glucose…
the energy of the electrons can be used to make ATP
51 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
Location of Glycolysis
Glycolysis Starts With
Glycolysis Produces
Number Of ATP Produced From Glycolysis
Occurs in the cytosol
Starts With Glucose
Produces Pyruvate
2 ATP Produced
Location of Glycolysis
Occurs in the cytosol
Glycolysis Starts With
Starts With Glucose
27 terms
AP Biology Ch. 9 Cellular Respiration vocabulary
Fermentation
Cellular respiration
Redox reactions/ oxidative-reduction r…
Oxidation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
The most prevalent and efficient catabolic pathway for the pr…
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
The loss of electrons from a substance involved in a redox re…
Fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Cellular respiration
The most prevalent and efficient catabolic pathway for the pr…
AP Biology: Cellular Respiration
What type of reaction (endergonic or e…
What are the steps of aerobic respirat…
What are the 2 pathways of anaerobic r…
What is glycolysis?
Exergonic- net release of energy ... Can occur spontaneously (wi…
1. Glycolysis ... 2. Krebs cycle (AKA citric acid cycle)... 3. Oxid…
1. Alcohol fermentation ... 2. Lactic acid fermentation
Decomposition of glucose to pyruvate
What type of reaction (endergonic or e…
Exergonic- net release of energy ... Can occur spontaneously (wi…
What are the steps of aerobic respirat…
1. Glycolysis ... 2. Krebs cycle (AKA citric acid cycle)... 3. Oxid…
73 terms
AP Biology Energy & Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
31 terms
Pre-AP Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Stoma (Stomata)
Chloroplast
The conversion of light energy into chemical energy stored in…
An organism that uses energy to synthesize organic molecules…
Small pores usually located on the underside of a leaf that f…
A plastid containing chlorophyll; the site of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
The conversion of light energy into chemical energy stored in…
Autotroph
An organism that uses energy to synthesize organic molecules…
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