Study sets matching "vocab ap biology chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "vocab ap biology chapter 5"

56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
49 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
What types of microscopes support the…
What is the function of the proteins i…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron micros…
1. Support... 2. Transport through the membranes... 3. Communicatio…
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
39 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
selective permeability
amphipathetic molecule
fluid mosaic
cholesterol
the ability of a membrane to allow some substances to cross a…
a molecule that has both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
the idea that a membrane is a mosaic of protein molecules flo…
an organic molecule that is an important constituent of cell…
selective permeability
the ability of a membrane to allow some substances to cross a…
amphipathetic molecule
a molecule that has both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
50 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
A transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
20 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary (Chapter 5)
Phospholipid
Transmembrane protein
Passive transport
Diffusion
similar in structure to a fat, containing a hydophillic "head…
hydrophobic region of a protein that anchors it to a membrane
movement of a substance across a cell's membrane w/o the use…
net movement of dissolved molecules or other particles; movem…
Phospholipid
similar in structure to a fat, containing a hydophillic "head…
Transmembrane protein
hydrophobic region of a protein that anchors it to a membrane
Chapter 5 - AP Biology
Macromolecule
Polymer
Amylose
Monomer
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The simplest form of starch, which is unbranched.
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
55 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
a giant molecule (ex. a protein made up of thousands of coval…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
small, repeating molecules that serve as the building blocks…
a reaction in which two molecules are covalently bonded to ea…
macromolecule
a giant molecule (ex. a protein made up of thousands of coval…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
53 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary Review
alpha helix
amino acid
antiparallel
beta pleated sheet
a coiled region constituting one form of the secondary struct…
an organic molecule possessing both a carboxyl and an amino g…
referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
one of the secondary structure of proteins in which the polyp…
alpha helix
a coiled region constituting one form of the secondary struct…
amino acid
an organic molecule possessing both a carboxyl and an amino g…
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
saturated lipids
unsaturated lipids
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
more fluid at warm, tend to freeze at cold (solid)
more fluid at cold due to the kinks (double bonds), prevents…
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
fluid mosaic model
amphipathic
selective permeability
membranes are held together primarily…
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
allowing some materials to cross more easily than others
weak hydrophobic reactions
fluid mosaic model
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
amphipathic
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
AP Biology - Chapter 5
Plasma membrane
Selective permeability
Fluid mosaic
Diffusion
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
A description of the membrane structure, depicting the membra…
The spontaneous movement of particles of any kind from where…
Plasma membrane
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
Selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
AP Biology Chapter 5
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
dehydration reaction
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
When two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, with th…
A chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
polymer
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
monomers
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
AP Biology Chapter 5
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
Dehydration reaction
A long molecule consisting of similar or identical building b…
Small molecules that are building blocks for a polymer
Macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Synthesizing a polymer
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of similar or identical building b…
Monomer
Small molecules that are building blocks for a polymer
55 terms
Chapter 5 AP Bio Vocabulary
macromolecule
four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
AP Biology chapter 5
proteins embedded in two layers of pho…
cholesterol molecules
Proteins can bind other molecules, whi…
form a selectively permeable structure
Which of the following best describes the general structure o…
Stability of an animal cell plasma membrane is enhanced by __…
As shown below, proteins perform a number of functions within…
Phospholipids are well suited to be the main structural compo…
proteins embedded in two layers of pho…
Which of the following best describes the general structure o…
cholesterol molecules
Stability of an animal cell plasma membrane is enhanced by __…
39 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 5
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral protein
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
The currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
A transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
Chapter 5 AP biology
emergent properties
isotopes
ionic bonds
covalent bond
properties that can change or are new due to different arrang…
atoms that differ only in the # of neutrons in the nucleus
transfer of electrons, the one that gains the electron
electrons are shared by two atoms, results in a molecule
emergent properties
properties that can change or are new due to different arrang…
isotopes
atoms that differ only in the # of neutrons in the nucleus
61 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
cellular
microscopist
cell
modern cell theory
pertaining to a cell (pg. 76)
one who uses a microscope (pg. 77)
little boxes (pg. 77)
theory that the cell is the basic unit of all living things (…
cellular
pertaining to a cell (pg. 76)
microscopist
one who uses a microscope (pg. 77)
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
dehydration synthesis
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
a chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently…
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
50 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
Integral Proteins
Allowing some substances to cross the membrane more easily th…
Containing both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
In this model the model is a mosaic of protein molecules bobb…
Proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid…
Selective Permeability
Allowing some substances to cross the membrane more easily th…
Amphipathic
Containing both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral protein
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
a transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Terms
active transport
aquaporin
carrier protein
channel protein
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
channel protein that transports water molecules through the p…
carries molecules that cannot pass through the cell membrane…
channel protein provides passageways through the membrane for…
active transport
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
aquaporin
channel protein that transports water molecules through the p…
AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
saturated lipids
unsaturated lipids
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
more fluid at warm, tend to freeze at cold (solid)
more fluid at cold due to the kinks (double bonds), prevents…
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
49 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
fluid mosaic model
carbohydrate
peripheral membrane protein
integral membrane protein
a molecular model for the structure of biological membranes c…
organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
proteins associated with but not embedded within the plasma m…
proteins that are at least partially embedded in the plasma m…
fluid mosaic model
a molecular model for the structure of biological membranes c…
carbohydrate
organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Macromolecules
macromolecule
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
carbohydrate
a very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
a chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
a chemical reaction that breaks bonds between two molecules b…
class of organic compounds containing only carbon, hydrogen,…
macromolecule
a very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
dehydration reaction
a chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
29 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Chapter 5
active transport
antiporters
aquaporins
bulk transport
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a regio…
cotransporter and integral membrane protein involved in secon…
integral membrane proteins from a larger family of major intr…
the movement of macromolecules such as proteins or polysaccha…
active transport
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a regio…
antiporters
cotransporter and integral membrane protein involved in secon…
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
active site
active transport
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
aquaporin
region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and underg…
the movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
the energy currency of life. It is the high-energy molecule t…
embedded membrane proteins that serve as a channel for water.
active site
region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and underg…
active transport
the movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
A faint molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as building blocks of a polyme…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
Macromolecule
A faint molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
50 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that served as the building block of a polymer.
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
Macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
AP Biology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Phospholipid Bilayer
Proton Pump
Exocytosis
Solution
The basic structural unit of biological membranes; a sheet of…
An active transport system that uses ATP energy to move hydro…
A process by which a vesicle within a cell fuses with the pla…
the mixture of a solvent and a liquid substance
Phospholipid Bilayer
The basic structural unit of biological membranes; a sheet of…
Proton Pump
An active transport system that uses ATP energy to move hydro…
57 terms
AP biology chapter 5 vocabulary
Alpha (a) helix
Amino acid
Antiparallel
Atherosclerosis
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary stuctur…
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
A cardiovascular disease in which fatty deposits called plaqu…
Alpha (a) helix
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary stuctur…
Amino acid
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
65 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Selective permeability
Amphipathic molecule
Fluid mosaic model
Fluidity of Membranes
- The plasma membrane exhibits selectie permeability since it…
- A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydroph…
- The membrane is a mosaic of protein molecules bobbing a flu…
- Membranes are held together by hydrophobic interactions (we…
Selective permeability
- The plasma membrane exhibits selectie permeability since it…
Amphipathic molecule
- A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydroph…
92 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, and N…
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
The four classes that make up all living things
Covalently bonded large molecules
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
The small building blocks of polymers
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, and N…
The four classes that make up all living things
Macromolecules
Covalently bonded large molecules
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
AP Biology vocabulary (chapter 5)
active transport
carrier protein
cell recognition protein
cell wall
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
facilitate the diffusion of different molecules
glycoproteins in the plasma membrane that identify self and h…
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
active transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
carrier protein
facilitate the diffusion of different molecules
50 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
a transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
12 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Dehydration reaction in the synthesis…
Dehydration reaction in the synthesis…
Starch and cellulose structures... 1. α a…
Synthesis of a fat... The molecular build…
Figure 5.5
Figure 5.5
5.7
Figure 5.10
Dehydration reaction in the synthesis…
Figure 5.5
Dehydration reaction in the synthesis…
Figure 5.5
61 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
cellular
microscopist
cell
modern cell theory
pertaining to a cell (pg. 76)
one who uses a microscope (pg. 77)
little boxes (pg. 77)
theory that the cell is the basic unit of all living things (…
cellular
pertaining to a cell (pg. 76)
microscopist
one who uses a microscope (pg. 77)
AP Biology Chapter 5
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
dehydration reaction
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
When two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, with th…
A chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
polymer
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
monomers
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
44 terms
Chapter 5: AP Biology Vocabulary
Macromolecules
Polymer
Enzymes
Condensation reaction
Any very large complex molecule. Formed by the joining of sma…
A naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of lar…
A specialized molecule that speeds up chemical reactions in c…
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
Macromolecules
Any very large complex molecule. Formed by the joining of sma…
Polymer
A naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of lar…
Chapter 5 AP Biology Vocabulary
Alpha Helix
Delta Pleated Sheet
Amino Acid
Antiparallel
A coiled region constituting one form of the secondary struct…
One form of the secondary structure of proteins in which poly…
An organic molecule processing both a carboxyl and an amino g…
Referring to the arrangement of sugar-phosphate backbones in…
Alpha Helix
A coiled region constituting one form of the secondary struct…
Delta Pleated Sheet
One form of the secondary structure of proteins in which poly…
AP Biology Vocabulary - Chapter 5
active site
active transport
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
aquaporin
region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and underg…
the movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
the energy currency of life. It is the high-energy molecule t…
embedded membrane proteins that serve as a channel for water.
active site
region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and underg…
active transport
the movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Amino acid
Carbohydrate
Cellulose
Chaperonin
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
A sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharides)…
A structural polysaccharide of cell walls, consisting of gluc…
A protein molecule that assists the proper folding of other p…
Amino acid
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
Carbohydrate
A sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharides)…
48 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
Integral Protein
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
The currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
A transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
Selective Permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
Amphipathic
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
42 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Cholesterol
Extracellular Matrix (ECM)
Fluid-mosaic Model
Glycolipids
A steroid found in the plasma membrane of animal cells and fr…
Nonliving substance secreted by some animal cells.
Model for the plasma membrane based on the changing location…
Lipid in plasma membrane that contains an attached carbohydra…
Cholesterol
A steroid found in the plasma membrane of animal cells and fr…
Extracellular Matrix (ECM)
Nonliving substance secreted by some animal cells.
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Fluid mosaic model
Phospholipids
Phospholipid bilayer
Transmembrane proteins
A model that shows a mosaic of proteins floating in or on the…
Similar in structure to a fat, but having only two fatty acid…
The main component of cell membranes; phospholipids naturally…
The proteins that float in the lipid bilayer; functions inclu…
Fluid mosaic model
A model that shows a mosaic of proteins floating in or on the…
Phospholipids
Similar in structure to a fat, but having only two fatty acid…
54 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
smaller molecules in repeating units that serve as the buildi…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Alpha (a) Helix
Amino Acid
Antiparallel
Beta (B) pleated sheet
A secondary structure of proteins, characterzied by a single,…
Organic molecules with carboxyl and amino groups
In the DNA, double helix, the two backbones run in opposite 5…
2nd form of regular secondary structure in proteins, less com…
Alpha (a) Helix
A secondary structure of proteins, characterzied by a single,…
Amino Acid
Organic molecules with carboxyl and amino groups
AP Biology - Chapter 5 - Energy & Enzymes
Energy
Kinetic energy
Heat energy
Potential energy
The capacity to perform work or to rearrange matter.
The energy of motion; the energy of the mass of the matter th…
Also known as "thermal energy," it is the amount of energy as…
Stored energy; the capacity to perform work that matter posse…
Energy
The capacity to perform work or to rearrange matter.
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion; the energy of the mass of the matter th…
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