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Study sets matching "vocab ap biology chapter 5"

44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
49 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
What types of microscopes support the…
What is the function of the proteins i…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron micros…
1. Support... 2. Transport through the membranes... 3. Communicatio…
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
50 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
A transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
16 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 5
Plasma membrane
Selective permeability
Fluid mosaic
Diffusion
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
A description of the membrane structure, depicting the membra…
The spontaneous movement of particles of any kind from where…
Plasma membrane
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
Selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
47 terms
Chapter 5 - AP Biology
Macromolecule
Polymer
Amylose
Monomer
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The simplest form of starch, which is unbranched.
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
55 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
a giant molecule (ex. a protein made up of thousands of coval…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
small, repeating molecules that serve as the building blocks…
a reaction in which two molecules are covalently bonded to ea…
macromolecule
a giant molecule (ex. a protein made up of thousands of coval…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
saturated lipids
unsaturated lipids
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
more fluid at warm, tend to freeze at cold (solid)
more fluid at cold due to the kinks (double bonds), prevents…
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
92 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, and N…
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
The four classes that make up all living things
Covalently bonded large molecules
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
The small building blocks of polymers
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, and N…
The four classes that make up all living things
Macromolecules
Covalently bonded large molecules
53 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary Review
alpha helix
amino acid
antiparallel
beta pleated sheet
a coiled region constituting one form of the secondary struct…
an organic molecule possessing both a carboxyl and an amino g…
referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
one of the secondary structure of proteins in which the polyp…
alpha helix
a coiled region constituting one form of the secondary struct…
amino acid
an organic molecule possessing both a carboxyl and an amino g…
55 terms
Chapter 5 AP Bio Vocabulary
macromolecule
four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
20 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary (Chapter 5)
Phospholipid
Transmembrane protein
Passive transport
Diffusion
similar in structure to a fat, containing a hydophillic "head…
hydrophobic region of a protein that anchors it to a membrane
movement of a substance across a cell's membrane w/o the use…
net movement of dissolved molecules or other particles; movem…
Phospholipid
similar in structure to a fat, containing a hydophillic "head…
Transmembrane protein
hydrophobic region of a protein that anchors it to a membrane
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
fluid mosaic model
amphipathic
selective permeability
membranes are held together primarily…
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
allowing some materials to cross more easily than others
weak hydrophobic reactions
fluid mosaic model
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
amphipathic
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
51 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
dehydration reaction
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
When two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, with th…
A chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
polymer
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
monomers
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
Dehydration reaction
A long molecule consisting of similar or identical building b…
Small molecules that are building blocks for a polymer
Macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Synthesizing a polymer
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of similar or identical building b…
Monomer
Small molecules that are building blocks for a polymer
47 terms
AP Biology chapter 5
proteins embedded in two layers of pho…
cholesterol molecules
Proteins can bind other molecules, whi…
form a selectively permeable structure
Which of the following best describes the general structure o…
Stability of an animal cell plasma membrane is enhanced by __…
As shown below, proteins perform a number of functions within…
Phospholipids are well suited to be the main structural compo…
proteins embedded in two layers of pho…
Which of the following best describes the general structure o…
cholesterol molecules
Stability of an animal cell plasma membrane is enhanced by __…
61 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
cellular
microscopist
cell
modern cell theory
pertaining to a cell (pg. 76)
one who uses a microscope (pg. 77)
little boxes (pg. 77)
theory that the cell is the basic unit of all living things (…
cellular
pertaining to a cell (pg. 76)
microscopist
one who uses a microscope (pg. 77)
Chapter 5 AP biology
emergent properties
isotopes
ionic bonds
covalent bond
properties that can change or are new due to different arrang…
atoms that differ only in the # of neutrons in the nucleus
transfer of electrons, the one that gains the electron
electrons are shared by two atoms, results in a molecule
emergent properties
properties that can change or are new due to different arrang…
isotopes
atoms that differ only in the # of neutrons in the nucleus
34 terms
Biology AP - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Turgid
Gated channel
Transport proteins
Ion channels
Very firm, healthy state for plant cells
Transmembrane protein that opens or closes as stimulus response
Transmembrane protein that helps a certain substance or class…
Transmembrane protein that allows diffusion of specific ion
Turgid
Very firm, healthy state for plant cells
Gated channel
Transmembrane protein that opens or closes as stimulus response
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Active Transport
Antiporter
Aquaporin
Bulk Transport
The pumping of individual ions or other molecules across a ce…
A carrier protein in a cell's membrane that transports two mo…
A membrane channel that allows water to cross the membrane mo…
The movement of macromolecules such as proteins or polysaccha…
Active Transport
The pumping of individual ions or other molecules across a ce…
Antiporter
A carrier protein in a cell's membrane that transports two mo…
31 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Isotonic
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Crenation
Solute concentration equal inside and outside; water that mov…
More solute outside the cell, cell loses water and shrinks
Less solute outside the cell, cell gains water and swells
When an animal cell shrivels
Isotonic
Solute concentration equal inside and outside; water that mov…
Hypertonic
More solute outside the cell, cell loses water and shrinks
50 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
Integral Proteins
Allowing some substances to cross the membrane more easily th…
Containing both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
In this model the model is a mosaic of protein molecules bobb…
Proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid…
Selective Permeability
Allowing some substances to cross the membrane more easily th…
Amphipathic
Containing both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Macromolecules
macromolecule
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
carbohydrate
a very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
a chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
a chemical reaction that breaks bonds between two molecules b…
class of organic compounds containing only carbon, hydrogen,…
macromolecule
a very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
dehydration reaction
a chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
saturated lipids
unsaturated lipids
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
more fluid at warm, tend to freeze at cold (solid)
more fluid at cold due to the kinks (double bonds), prevents…
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
97 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
What is a polymer?
Name monomers of carbohydrates, protei…
What is monomer?
What are the macromolecules?
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
Monosaccharides, Amino Acids, and Nucleotides
Repeating units that serve as building blocks of a polymer
Carbs, lipids, proteins; not nucleic acids
What is a polymer?
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
Name monomers of carbohydrates, protei…
Monosaccharides, Amino Acids, and Nucleotides
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Terms
active transport
aquaporin
carrier protein
channel protein
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
channel protein that transports water molecules through the p…
carries molecules that cannot pass through the cell membrane…
channel protein provides passageways through the membrane for…
active transport
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
aquaporin
channel protein that transports water molecules through the p…
65 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Selective permeability
Amphipathic molecule
Fluid mosaic model
Fluidity of Membranes
- The plasma membrane exhibits selectie permeability since it…
- A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydroph…
- The membrane is a mosaic of protein molecules bobbing a flu…
- Membranes are held together by hydrophobic interactions (we…
Selective permeability
- The plasma membrane exhibits selectie permeability since it…
Amphipathic molecule
- A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydroph…
11 terms
AP Biology chapter 5
Carbohydrates
Saturated
Polysaccharides
Phospholipid
Sugars made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
Solid at room temperature
Complex sugars
Two fatty acids and a phosphate group are attached to glycerol
Carbohydrates
Sugars made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
Saturated
Solid at room temperature
58 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
list the four major classes of macromo…
carbohydrates
lipids
proteins
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid
include both sugars and polymers of sugars. Simplest as carbo…
they have little or no affinity for water because they consis…
consists one ore more polypeptides, each folded and coiled in…
list the four major classes of macromo…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid
carbohydrates
include both sugars and polymers of sugars. Simplest as carbo…
61 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
cellular
microscopist
cell
modern cell theory
pertaining to a cell (pg. 76)
one who uses a microscope (pg. 77)
little boxes (pg. 77)
theory that the cell is the basic unit of all living things (…
cellular
pertaining to a cell (pg. 76)
microscopist
one who uses a microscope (pg. 77)
52 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
dehydration reaction
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
When two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, with th…
A chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
polymer
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
monomers
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
12 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Dehydration reaction in the synthesis…
Dehydration reaction in the synthesis…
Starch and cellulose structures... 1. α a…
Synthesis of a fat... The molecular build…
Figure 5.5
Figure 5.5
5.7
Figure 5.10
Dehydration reaction in the synthesis…
Figure 5.5
Dehydration reaction in the synthesis…
Figure 5.5
AP Biology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Phospholipid Bilayer
Proton Pump
Exocytosis
Solution
The basic structural unit of biological membranes; a sheet of…
An active transport system that uses ATP energy to move hydro…
A process by which a vesicle within a cell fuses with the pla…
the mixture of a solvent and a liquid substance
Phospholipid Bilayer
The basic structural unit of biological membranes; a sheet of…
Proton Pump
An active transport system that uses ATP energy to move hydro…
57 terms
AP biology chapter 5 vocabulary
Alpha (a) helix
Amino acid
Antiparallel
Atherosclerosis
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary stuctur…
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
A cardiovascular disease in which fatty deposits called plaqu…
Alpha (a) helix
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary stuctur…
Amino acid
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
fluid mosaic model
amphipathic
selective permeability
membranes are held together primarily…
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
allowing some materials to cross more easily than others
weak hydrophobic reactions
fluid mosaic model
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
amphipathic
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
49 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
fluid mosaic model
carbohydrate
peripheral membrane protein
integral membrane protein
a molecular model for the structure of biological membranes c…
organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
proteins associated with but not embedded within the plasma m…
proteins that are at least partially embedded in the plasma m…
fluid mosaic model
a molecular model for the structure of biological membranes c…
carbohydrate
organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
55 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
Enzyme
Nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates... Nucleic Acids - Polyme…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks for a p…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
Macromolecules
Nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates... Nucleic Acids - Polyme…
Polymers
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
54 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
A faint molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as building blocks of a polyme…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
Macromolecule
A faint molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
54 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
smaller molecules in repeating units that serve as the buildi…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
77 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
selective permeability
fluid
mosaic
amphipathic
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others; al…
able to flow; moving particles that allow change in shape but…
made up of small, diverse pieces inlaid in a bas material (ex…
molecule with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others; al…
fluid
able to flow; moving particles that allow change in shape but…
29 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Chapter 5
active transport
antiporters
aquaporins
bulk transport
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a regio…
cotransporter and integral membrane protein involved in secon…
integral membrane proteins from a larger family of major intr…
the movement of macromolecules such as proteins or polysaccha…
active transport
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a regio…
antiporters
cotransporter and integral membrane protein involved in secon…
26 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 5 - Energy & Enzymes
Energy
Kinetic energy
Heat energy
Potential energy
The capacity to perform work or to rearrange matter.
The energy of motion; the energy of the mass of the matter th…
Also known as "thermal energy," it is the amount of energy as…
Stored energy; the capacity to perform work that matter posse…
Energy
The capacity to perform work or to rearrange matter.
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion; the energy of the mass of the matter th…
50 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that served as the building block of a polymer.
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
Macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
51 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction
members of the carbohydrate, protein, and nucleic acid groups…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the small repeating units that serve as the building blocks o…
monomers are connected by a reaction in which two molecules a…
macromolecule
members of the carbohydrate, protein, and nucleic acid groups…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
25 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration Reaction (Synthesis)/Conde…
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
macromolecule
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
51 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
dehydration reaction
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
When two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, with th…
A chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
polymer
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
monomers
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
44 terms
Chapter 5: AP Biology Vocabulary
Macromolecules
Polymer
Enzymes
Condensation reaction
Any very large complex molecule. Formed by the joining of sma…
A naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of lar…
A specialized molecule that speeds up chemical reactions in c…
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
Macromolecules
Any very large complex molecule. Formed by the joining of sma…
Polymer
A naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of lar…
29 terms
AP Biology vocabulary (chapter 5)
active transport
carrier protein
cell recognition protein
cell wall
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
facilitate the diffusion of different molecules
glycoproteins in the plasma membrane that identify self and h…
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
active transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
carrier protein
facilitate the diffusion of different molecules
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