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Study sets matching "vocab biology 104"

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Study sets matching "vocab biology 104"

13 terms
Biology 104 Taxonomy Vocabulary
Subphylum: Urochordata
Subphylum: Cephalochordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class: Agnatha
Sea squirts
Lancelets
3 Classes
Lampreys and hagfish
Subphylum: Urochordata
Sea squirts
Subphylum: Cephalochordata
Lancelets
30 terms
Biology 104 Final Vocabulary
Gametangia
Nonvascular Plants
Archegonia
Phloem
Development of the male and female sex gametes
Bryophytes, such as mosses and liverworts, that have no vascu…
Egg producing structures, as in the moss life cycle
Vascular tissue that conducts organic solutes in plants; cont…
Gametangia
Development of the male and female sex gametes
Nonvascular Plants
Bryophytes, such as mosses and liverworts, that have no vascu…
23 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 31/Biology 104
Ovule
integument
pollen tube
gymnosperm
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
organ system in charge of protecting the body from the outsid…
A tube that forms after germination of the pollen grain and t…
"Naked seeds", such as pine cones and other conifers.
Ovule
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
integument
organ system in charge of protecting the body from the outsid…
54 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 36/Biology 104
apex
root system
shoot system
Tissue systems
The highest point
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and…
The aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
a group of two or more tissues that together perform a specif…
apex
The highest point
root system
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and…
20 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 37/Biology 104
Transpiration
Osmosis
Water Potential
Megapascals
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
The physical property predicting the direction in which water…
Units of pressure used to measure water potential
Transpiration
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
37 terms
Biology 104 Chapter 18
Systematics
Phylogeny
Phylogenetic Trees
Taxonomy
The branch of biology that studies the diversity of life and…
The evolutionary history of a group of organisms.
A branching diagram depicting the evolutionary relationships…
The science of the classification of organisms into an ordere…
Systematics
The branch of biology that studies the diversity of life and…
Phylogeny
The evolutionary history of a group of organisms.
38 terms
Biology 104 Vocabulary Quiz Two
Echinoderms (Phylum?)
Class: Asteroidea
Class: Crinoidea
Class: Ophiuroidea
Phylum: Echinodermata
Sea Star
Sea lilies, Feather Stars
Basket stars, brittle stars
Echinoderms (Phylum?)
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Sea Star
124 terms
Biology 104
Biology
order
reproduction
growth and development
the scientific study of life
the highly ordered structure that typifies life
the ability of organisms to reproduce their own kind
consistent growth and development controlled by inherited DNA
Biology
the scientific study of life
order
the highly ordered structure that typifies life
18 terms
Biology 104 Exam 2
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Provides two exact daughter cells during prophase, pro metaph…
A single cell divides twice to produce four haploid daughter…
Chromosomes become visible, the nucleolus disappears, the mit…
Thick, coiled chromosomes line up in the center of the cell.…
Mitosis
Provides two exact daughter cells during prophase, pro metaph…
Meiosis
A single cell divides twice to produce four haploid daughter…
59 terms
Unit 1 Biology 104
observation
hypothesis
predictions
testing method
questions
can be testable or falsifiable (cannot be tested)
preconceived notions that can be bias into your experiment
survey-- unethical to conduct an experiment (EX: Sunburn & Ta…
observation
questions
hypothesis
can be testable or falsifiable (cannot be tested)
47 terms
Biology 104 Practical Study
Spirillium Bacteria
Cocci Bacteria
Bacilli Bacteria
Bryophyta gametophyte and sporophyte
Spiral, curving shape
Spherical shape
Rod shape, sometimes connected
Spirillium Bacteria
Spiral, curving shape
Cocci Bacteria
Spherical shape
48 terms
Biology 104 Urinary & Reproductive
The urinary system consists of four or…
Kidneys
Parts of nephron
Bowman's Capsule
Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder, Urethra
Bilateral - one on each side of the body, ... & consist of corte…
Bowman's capsule... Proximal convoluted tubule... Loop of Henle... Dis…
A hollow ball that has a looping capillary (the glomerulus) p…
The urinary system consists of four or…
Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder, Urethra
Kidneys
Bilateral - one on each side of the body, ... & consist of corte…
55 terms
Biology 104
pH scale
isotopes, use
subatomic particle changes in isotopes
glycerol
shows how acidic or alkaline a solution is... pH0=acidic, pH 7=n…
elements that exist in different form/used as tracer in disgn…
differ in mass due to neutrons
a molecule in fats
pH scale
shows how acidic or alkaline a solution is... pH0=acidic, pH 7=n…
isotopes, use
elements that exist in different form/used as tracer in disgn…
119 terms
biology 104
coevolution
codiversification
CYC
Permian Extinction (P/T boundary)
two species somehow interact and evolve together. For example…
co-diversification as a special case of co-evolution. Co-evol…
part of TCP family of TFs that govern flower symmetry, expres…
245 mya, worst mass extinction, 80% of marine life gone, high…
coevolution
two species somehow interact and evolve together. For example…
codiversification
co-diversification as a special case of co-evolution. Co-evol…
94 terms
Biology 104
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
alcoholic respiration
lactate fermentation
THE PROCESS OF THE METABOLIC CONVERSION OF FOOD TO ENERGY, TH…
Does not require oxygen, but gives less ATP for each molecule…
fermentation in the absence of oxygen; produces ethyl alcohol…
An anaerobic pathway of ATP formation. Pyruvate from glycolys…
aerobic respiration
THE PROCESS OF THE METABOLIC CONVERSION OF FOOD TO ENERGY, TH…
anaerobic respiration
Does not require oxygen, but gives less ATP for each molecule…
15 terms
BIOLOGY 104
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Organic
Inorganic
a strong chemical bond resulting from the sharing of a pair o…
atoms linked by covalent bonds
carbon based backbone and c-h bonds
describes a molecule that
Covalent Bond
a strong chemical bond resulting from the sharing of a pair o…
Molecule
atoms linked by covalent bonds
26 terms
Biology 104
Biology
Kingdoms
5 Basic Properties of Life:
An Additional Property...
is the study of living things
all living things are categorized as belonging to 1 or 6 grou…
1. Composed of one or more cells... 2. Obtain and use energy... 3.…
Sense and respond to stimuli
Biology
is the study of living things
Kingdoms
all living things are categorized as belonging to 1 or 6 grou…
150 terms
Biology 104
Gymnosperm
Angiosperms
Embryo
Cotyledon
Nakid seed plant
Flowering plants
Slow rate metabolism
Nutrient embryo lives off of
Gymnosperm
Nakid seed plant
Angiosperms
Flowering plants
34 terms
Biology 104
taxonomy
eukaryote
prokaryote
Taxonomy Tree
Branch of biology concerned with identifying, describing, and…
Type of cell that has a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membran…
Organism that lacks the membrane-enclosed nucleus and membran…
Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
taxonomy
Branch of biology concerned with identifying, describing, and…
eukaryote
Type of cell that has a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membran…
76 terms
biology 104
phototrophs
Chemotrophs
heterotrophs
Macroconsumers
gets nourishment from sunlight
gets nourishment from the deep sea
gets nourishment from other organisms (consumers)
consumes parts or entire organisms
phototrophs
gets nourishment from sunlight
Chemotrophs
gets nourishment from the deep sea
42 terms
Biology 104
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction
Macromolecule
Monomer
A reaction that creates a covalent bond to join two smaller m…
A reaction that uses water molecules to break bonds in larger…
A large molecule, made up of many smaller building blocks or…
Small molecules when repeatedly combined together form polyme…
Dehydration Reaction
A reaction that creates a covalent bond to join two smaller m…
Hydrolysis Reaction
A reaction that uses water molecules to break bonds in larger…
76 terms
biology 104
phototrophs
Chemotrophs
heterotrophs
Macroconsumers
gets nourishment from sunlight
gets nourishment from the deep sea
gets nourishment from other organisms (consumers)
consumes parts or entire organisms
phototrophs
gets nourishment from sunlight
Chemotrophs
gets nourishment from the deep sea
76 terms
Biology 104
Cardiovascular system
What are the cardiovascular systems fu…
Arteries/artery
How many walls do arteries have
Includes the heart and blood vessels
Moves blood and transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
Carry blood away from the heart
3 ... The inner epithelium ... Thick smooth muscle layer... Outer conn…
Cardiovascular system
Includes the heart and blood vessels
What are the cardiovascular systems fu…
Moves blood and transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
Biology 104: class 1 chapter 1
levels of organization
...
levels of organization
...
22 terms
Biology 104
Vertebrates
invertebrates
colonial flagellate hypothesis
Choanoflagellates
Animals that at some stage of their lives have a spinal cord…
do not have a backbone
animals are descended from an ancestor that resembled a hollo…
single cell , flagellum surrounded by a collar microvilli... las…
Vertebrates
Animals that at some stage of their lives have a spinal cord…
invertebrates
do not have a backbone
45 terms
Biology 104
females produce their eggs when?
primary oocytes lay dormant until?
females produce more______ than males
it is possible for more than one______…
before they are born
puberty
gametes
egg
females produce their eggs when?
before they are born
primary oocytes lay dormant until?
puberty
43 terms
Biology 104
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
Aristotle
Linnaeus
science of classification
2 part naming system
who was the first person to classify plant and animals
Father of Modern Taxonomy
taxonomy
science of classification
binomial nomenclature
2 part naming system
27 terms
Biology 104
Plato
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Count Buffon
Every species has a perfect essential form ( species variatio…
Scala Naturae -- ladder of life (organisms can be arranged )…
A taxonomists that created binomial nomenclature ( platonic i…
Described all known plants and animals. Suggested that specie…
Plato
Every species has a perfect essential form ( species variatio…
Aristotle
Scala Naturae -- ladder of life (organisms can be arranged )…
206 terms
Biology 104
protists
sporozoans (Apicomplexans)
diatoms
red algae
The simplest, but most diverse, of the eukaryotes
These protists are nonmotile, obligate parasites that from sp…
The most numerous unicellular algae in the oceans, they have…
These multicellular seaweeds contain a red pigment
protists
The simplest, but most diverse, of the eukaryotes
sporozoans (Apicomplexans)
These protists are nonmotile, obligate parasites that from sp…
43 terms
biology 104 chapter 19
three known cell domains
eukaryotes divided into four kingdoms
vector
sporadic
archaea, bacteria, and eukaryotes
protists, fungi, plants, and animals
an organism that transmits a pathogenic organism to the host-…
occurs irregularly
three known cell domains
archaea, bacteria, and eukaryotes
eukaryotes divided into four kingdoms
protists, fungi, plants, and animals
52 terms
chapter 20 biology 104
eukaryotes
Prokaryotic cells include:
Eukaryotic cells include 4 major Kingd…
These four kingdoms make up the domain
cells with a nucleus
bacteria and archae
Protists, fungi, plants and animals
Eukarya
eukaryotes
cells with a nucleus
Prokaryotic cells include:
bacteria and archae
46 terms
biology 104 chapter 19
in the disease Malaria what is the pat…
in the disease, malaria what is the ve…
in the disease, malaria what is the host
one type of the organisms is a parasit…
plasmodium vivax
mosquito
human
the organism is inside the red blood cells
in the disease Malaria what is the pat…
plasmodium vivax
in the disease, malaria what is the ve…
mosquito
23 terms
Phylum Chordata Biology 104
what are the four unique characteristi…
What is a notochord?
Where is the nerve chord located? Is i…
What are pharyngeal gill slits? How ar…
1. Bilateral symmetrical, triploblastic, ceolomate ... 2. Comple…
A flexible, skelital rod that extends the length of the body…
the nerve chord is located dorsal to notochord, it starts hol…
perforated slit like openings from the digestive tract in the…
what are the four unique characteristi…
1. Bilateral symmetrical, triploblastic, ceolomate ... 2. Comple…
What is a notochord?
A flexible, skelital rod that extends the length of the body…
33 terms
Biology 104
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
The 4 dominant atom groups that are in…
Where amino acids come from
When monomers link to make polymers
When polymers break into monomers
Hydroxyl group, Carboxyl group, Amino group, & Posphate group
Synthesis within the body, & food we cosume
Dehydration Synthesis
When monomers link to make polymers
Hydrolysis
When polymers break into monomers
24 terms
Echinodermata Biology 104
What are examples of members of the ph…
What is the meaning of the term echino…
What is pentaradial symmetry?
What composes the endoskeleton?
starfish
spiny skin
five part body plan
it is composed of calcium carbonate plates, also known as OSS…
What are examples of members of the ph…
starfish
What is the meaning of the term echino…
spiny skin
25 terms
Vocabulary 104
PREND
VIT
VOMIR
BANANE
takes
lives
to vomit
banana
PREND
takes
VIT
lives
48 terms
biology 104 19
cyanobacteria
decomposer
endospore
gram positive bacteria
photosynthetic, oxygen producing bacteria
organism that breaks down organic compounds in wastes and rem…
resistant resting stage of some soil bacteria
bacteria with thick cell walls that are colored purple when p…
cyanobacteria
photosynthetic, oxygen producing bacteria
decomposer
organism that breaks down organic compounds in wastes and rem…
Biology 104 terms
zoology
how many branches are there in zoology?
protozoology
entomology
The study of animals... "zoon" = animals... "logo" = study of
6
study of protozoans
study of insects
zoology
The study of animals... "zoon" = animals... "logo" = study of
how many branches are there in zoology?
6
Unit 1- Biology 104
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Experimental Condition
Control Condition
the part of the experiment that the scientist changes or mani…
the part of the experiment that is measured/ the results
variable that is altered
conditions that is kept constant
Independent variable
the part of the experiment that the scientist changes or mani…
Dependent variable
the part of the experiment that is measured/ the results
289 terms
BI104 CELLULAR BIOLOGY
b lymphocytes
t lymphocytes
innate immunity does not
lymphocytes are formed in
antibodies
effector t cells
adapt, improve or remember
bone marrow
b lymphocytes
antibodies
t lymphocytes
effector t cells
11 terms
biology 104 chapter 15
mechanisms of evolution
genetic drift
founder effect
gene flow
1. natural selection --> adaptation ... 2. drift (chance) --> no…
random change in population of the genetic makeup form genera…
small number of individuals leaves a parent population to for…
physical movement of genes in and out of population because o…
mechanisms of evolution
1. natural selection --> adaptation ... 2. drift (chance) --> no…
genetic drift
random change in population of the genetic makeup form genera…
39 terms
Biology 104 Ch 31
Epithelial Tissue
Simple squamous
Stratified squamous
Cuboidal
Tissues that covedr body surfaces, internal organs, and line…
Epithelial tissue. Layer of flattened cells. Lines blood vess…
Epithelial tissue. Several layers of flattened cells. Located…
Epithelial tissue. Layers of cube like cells. Located in glan…
Epithelial Tissue
Tissues that covedr body surfaces, internal organs, and line…
Simple squamous
Epithelial tissue. Layer of flattened cells. Lines blood vess…
81 terms
Biology 104-Exam 1
Chlorophyll
Breaks down and leaf colors begin to c…
Cold Frost
1. Low temp. at night retards sugar re…
In the summertime, what covers all other pigments?
In the fall, what does chlorophyll do?
What is NOT necessary for leaves to change color?
What are 4 reasons why leaves change color?
Chlorophyll
In the summertime, what covers all other pigments?
Breaks down and leaf colors begin to c…
In the fall, what does chlorophyll do?
14 terms
biology 104 chapter 14
evolution
population
genetic makeup
gene flow
change in genetic makeup of a population over time
group of species living in same area
change in environment
one population to another
evolution
change in genetic makeup of a population over time
population
group of species living in same area
22 terms
Biology 104 - Chapter 19
Taxonomy
Linnaeus
more
general
branch of biology concerned w/ identifying, naming, and class…
developed the binomial system of nomenclature
higher the taxa, the ____ inclusive
organisms in the same domain have ______ characteristics in c…
Taxonomy
branch of biology concerned w/ identifying, naming, and class…
Linnaeus
developed the binomial system of nomenclature
26 terms
Amphibians biology 104
Are they on land or in water?
Why do they have to live part of their…
What is their skeleton made of?
What is their body form?
both
...
boney
elongated trunk with distinct head, neck, and a tail to a com…
Are they on land or in water?
both
Why do they have to live part of their…
...
33 terms
Vocabulary 104
współpraca
wybór
konkurencja
wynaleźć
cooperation
choice
competition
invent
współpraca
cooperation
wybór
choice
26 terms
biology 104 chapter 18
DNA
RNA
INORGANIC MOLECULE
ORGANIC MOLECULE
DOUBLE STRANDED NUCLEIC ACID--CARRIES HEREDITARY INFORMATION,…
SINGLE STRANDED NUCLEIC ACID--USED FOR PROTEIN SYNTHESIS. TEM…
MOSTLY SIMPLE SMALL COMPOUNDS LIKE (OXYGEN, WATER AND HYDRO-C…
TYPE OF COMPOUND THAT CONSISTS PRIMARILY OF CARBON AND HYDROG…
DNA
DOUBLE STRANDED NUCLEIC ACID--CARRIES HEREDITARY INFORMATION,…
RNA
SINGLE STRANDED NUCLEIC ACID--USED FOR PROTEIN SYNTHESIS. TEM…
53 terms
Biology 104: Chapter 23
circulatory system
muscular pump, circulatory fluid, and…
open circulatory system
closed circulatory system
facilitates the acquirement of nutrients, the exchange of gas…
true circulatory system
many invertebrates have these (arthropods and many molluscs);…
earthworms, squid, octopuses and vertebrates have these; ... bl…
circulatory system
facilitates the acquirement of nutrients, the exchange of gas…
muscular pump, circulatory fluid, and…
true circulatory system
94 terms
Biology 104 Final
phylogeny
systematics
taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
evolutionary history of a species or group of related species
classifies organisms and determines their evolutionary relati…
ordered division and naming of organisms
published a naming system based on resemblances.... Two part nam…
phylogeny
evolutionary history of a species or group of related species
systematics
classifies organisms and determines their evolutionary relati…
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