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Study sets matching "vocab biology 2"

13 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2.2
producer
photoautotrophs
chemoautotrophs
consumers
organisms that produce food for themselves and other organism…
use of energy from sunlight to make food by photosynthesis
use of energy from chemical compounds to make food by chemosy…
organisms that depend on other organisms for food; heterotrophs
producer
organisms that produce food for themselves and other organism…
photoautotrophs
use of energy from sunlight to make food by photosynthesis
24 terms
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
atom
compound
covalent bond
element
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
substance mad of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
compound
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
58 terms
Biology : Unit 2 vocabulary
Matter
Elements
Compounds
Atom
anything that has mass and occupies space.
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
the combination of two or more elements
basic unit of matter
Matter
anything that has mass and occupies space.
Elements
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
12 terms
Biology vocabulary 2.2
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
the action or fact of forming a united whole.
the action or process of adhering to a surface or object. an…
a substance made by mixing other substances together.
Hydrogen bond
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
Cohesion
the action or fact of forming a united whole.
16 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary. Sholtis
Activation energy
Protein
Product
Reactant
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Macromolecule that contains Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen,and Nitrog…
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Activation energy
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Protein
Macromolecule that contains Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen,and Nitrog…
12 terms
Biology vocabulary 2.2
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
Weak attraction between hydrogen atom and another atom
Attraction between molecules of the same aubstance (41)
Force of attraction between differen kinds of molecules
Material composed of two or more elements or compounds that a…
Hydrogen bond
Weak attraction between hydrogen atom and another atom
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same aubstance (41)
18 terms
Biology vocabulary 2
Double helix
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Base-pairing rule
Replication
The spiral arrangement of DNA
Genetics
Constraints imposed by the molecular structure
The process in which double stranded DNA makes copies of itself
Double helix
The spiral arrangement of DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Genetics
Biology vocabulary 2.2
Water
polar
hydrogen bond
cohesion
a colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid that for…
water loving: a molecule with opposite charges on different e…
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
refers to the sticking together of alike molecules, such as w…
Water
a colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid that for…
polar
water loving: a molecule with opposite charges on different e…
24 terms
Biology 3.2 Vocabulary
cytoskeleton
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosome
a flexible network of proteins that provide structural suppor…
the storehouse for most of the genetic information,... or DNA, i…
an interconnected network of thin, folded membranes.
tiny organelles that link amino acids together to form proteins
cytoskeleton
a flexible network of proteins that provide structural suppor…
nucleus
the storehouse for most of the genetic information,... or DNA, i…
9 terms
2.2 Vocabulary: Biology
acid
adhesion
base
cohesion
any compound that forms H+ ions in a solution
the attraction between molecules of different substances
a compound that produces hydroxide (OH-) in solution
attraction between molecules of the same substance
acid
any compound that forms H+ ions in a solution
adhesion
the attraction between molecules of different substances
24 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 3.2 Chromosomes
Allele
Autoradiography
Autosomes
Centromere
one of the possible alternatives of a gene, occupying a speci…
technique that relies on the emission of radioactive particle…
chromosomes that do not determine sex.
region of the chromosome that becomes attached to the spindle…
Allele
one of the possible alternatives of a gene, occupying a speci…
Autoradiography
technique that relies on the emission of radioactive particle…
11 terms
Biology: Vocabulary Week 2
Cellulose
Fully Permeable
Cell Surface Membrane
Metabolic Reactions
an insoluble substance which is the main constituent of plant…
able to let most substances pass through
a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cell…
the chemical reactions that take place inside a living organism
Cellulose
an insoluble substance which is the main constituent of plant…
Fully Permeable
able to let most substances pass through
77 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2
feature
excrete
waste
growth
cecha, właściwość
wydalać
bezwartościowy
wzrost
feature
cecha, właściwość
excrete
wydalać
34 terms
Biology Vocabulary Unit 2
carbohydrate
protein
lipid
nucleic acid
molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; and inclu…
polymer made of monomers called amino acids
non-polar molecules that include fats, oils, and cholesterol-…
polymers made of monomers called nucleotides
carbohydrate
molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; and inclu…
protein
polymer made of monomers called amino acids
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
ionic bond
nucleotides
monosaccharides
substrate
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
any of the classes of sugars that can not be hydrolyzed to gi…
a molecule upon which an enzyme acts
ionic bond
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
75 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2
feature
excrete
waste
growth
cecha, właściwość
wydalać
bezwartościowy
wzrost
feature
cecha, właściwość
excrete
wydalać
10 terms
Lesson 2- Biology Vocabulary
carn
chloro
co
cyt
flesh
pale green
both, together
hollow, cell
carn
flesh
chloro
pale green
10 terms
2-4 Vocabulary Biology
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Substrate
Product
The changing of chemicals from one chemical compound to anoth…
Chemicals that enters the reaction.
The reactants that comes into contact to enzymes to cause a c…
The end residue from the reaction.
Chemical Reaction
The changing of chemicals from one chemical compound to anoth…
Reactant
Chemicals that enters the reaction.
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary Cards 2
Ecological Organization
Primary Succession
Secondary Succession
Pioneer Species
1.individual organism, 2.population, 3.community, 4.ecosystem…
The series of changes that occur in an area where no soil or…
The series of changes that occur in an area where the ecosyst…
First species to populate an area during primary succession
Ecological Organization
1.individual organism, 2.population, 3.community, 4.ecosystem…
Primary Succession
The series of changes that occur in an area where no soil or…
Biology - U.2 : Vocabulary
Atoms
Elements
Molecule
Valence Electrons
The basic unit of a chemical element
a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that i…
a group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
is an electron that is associated with an atom
Atoms
The basic unit of a chemical element
Elements
a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that i…
7 terms
8.2 vocabulary biology
thylakoid
granum
Stroma
Pigment
in chlorophyll, one of the stacked, flattened, pigment-contai…
one of the stacks of pigment-containing thylakoid
fluid-filled space outside the grana in which light-dependent…
light-absorbing colored molecule, such as chlorophyll and car…
thylakoid
in chlorophyll, one of the stacked, flattened, pigment-contai…
granum
one of the stacks of pigment-containing thylakoid
9 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2.4
Cell Cycle
Asexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Centromere
Process where a cell divides into two identical daughter cells
How unicellular organisms reproduce
X-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
Holds sister chromatids together in the center of a chromosome
Cell Cycle
Process where a cell divides into two identical daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
How unicellular organisms reproduce
14 terms
Apologia Biology Module 2 Vocabulary 2nd Edition
Pathogen
Saprophyte
Parasite
Aerobic Organism
An organism that causes disease.
An organism that feeds on dead matter.
An organism that feeds on a living host.
An organism that requires oxygen.
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Saprophyte
An organism that feeds on dead matter.
14 terms
2-3 Biology Vocabulary.
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Molecules composed of thousands of atoms: the four main class…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Macromolecule
Molecules composed of thousands of atoms: the four main class…
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
14 terms
2-3 vocabulary- biology
macromolecule
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as p…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combination of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as p…
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
14 terms
2-3 Vocabulary Biology
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
A large molecule that is composed of polymers, monomers, and…
"Small unit that can join together with other small units to…
"Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers." (…
"Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, atoms; maj…
Macromolecule
A large molecule that is composed of polymers, monomers, and…
Monomer
"Small unit that can join together with other small units to…
13 terms
Biology 2.2 Vocabulary
Hydrogen Bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
The attraction between a hydrogen bond with a partial positiv…
An attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules with different substances
A material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
Hydrogen Bond
The attraction between a hydrogen bond with a partial positiv…
Cohesion
An attraction between molecules of the same substance
11 terms
Biology 2-1 Vocabulary
Atom
Electron
Proton
Nucleus
The basic unit of chemical element.
Particle with negative electricity;Found in atoms.
Equal with the electron except it's positive; also in an atom.
positively charged central core of an atom
Atom
The basic unit of chemical element.
Electron
Particle with negative electricity;Found in atoms.
11 terms
2-1 Vocabulary Biology
Atom
Electron
Proton
Nucleus
A basic unit of matter
A negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nuc…
A positively charged particle; located inside the atomic nucl…
The center of the atom which contains the... protons and neutron…
Atom
A basic unit of matter
Electron
A negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nuc…
13 terms
Unit 2 Vocabulary Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Organelle
Nucleus
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
11 terms
Biology 2-1 Vocabulary
Atom
Electrom
Proton
Nucleus
Basic unit of matter
Negatively charged particle; located outside... the atomic nucleus
A very small particle of matter that is part of the nucleus o…
The center of the atom, contains the... protons and neutrons, in…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Electrom
Negatively charged particle; located outside... the atomic nucleus
75 terms
2. Biology Vocabulary
feature
excrete
waste
growth
cecha, właściwość
wydalać
bezwartościowy
wzrost
feature
cecha, właściwość
excrete
wydalać
16 terms
Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary
Abiotic Factor
Community
Biotic Factor
Ecology
factor that is physical rather than biological; not derived f…
a group of interdependent organisms of different species grow…
factor relating to, or resulting from living things, especial…
the study of biology that deals with the relations of organis…
Abiotic Factor
factor that is physical rather than biological; not derived f…
Community
a group of interdependent organisms of different species grow…
8 terms
Biology 2.2 Vocabulary
Adhesion
solute
solvent
solution
an attraction between molecules of DIFFERENT substances
the substance that is DISSOLVED
the substance in which the solute DISSOLVES
a TYPE of mixture
Adhesion
an attraction between molecules of DIFFERENT substances
solute
the substance that is DISSOLVED
43 terms
Biology Vocabulary Section 2
Acid
Acid Precipitation
Adhesion
Aqueous Solution
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of ac…
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Water that contains dissolved substances.
Acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Acid Precipitation
Rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of ac…
122 terms
Biology 2 Exam 2 Vocabulary
temporal summation
spatial summation
sensory adaptation
light sensitive spot
receiving an excitatory neurotransmitter at a synapse more fr…
receiving an excitatory neurotransmitter at multiple synapses…
eventually neuron may stop sensing intensity
a patch of light sensitive cells allows for sensing of light…
temporal summation
receiving an excitatory neurotransmitter at a synapse more fr…
spatial summation
receiving an excitatory neurotransmitter at multiple synapses…
13 terms
2.2 biology vocabulary
Hypontic
Hypertonic
Isotonic
Equilibrium
Describes a solute whose solute concertration id lowrr than t…
Describes a solute whose solute concentration is higher than…
Describes a solution whose solute concentration is equal to t…
A state that exist when the concentration of a substance is t…
Hypontic
Describes a solute whose solute concertration id lowrr than t…
Hypertonic
Describes a solute whose solute concentration is higher than…
38 terms
Biology Vocabulary Set 2
Archaea
Autotroph
Bacteria
Binomial Nomenclature
Any of the unicellular microorganisms that is genetically dis…
An organism that can make its own food
Extremely small, single-celled organisms that usually have a…
A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name…
Archaea
Any of the unicellular microorganisms that is genetically dis…
Autotroph
An organism that can make its own food
8 terms
1.2 Biology Vocabulary
Control
Data
Dependent Variable
Experiment
in an experiment, the standard against which results are comp…
information gathered from an experiment
the condition in an experiment tat results from the changes m…
an investigation that tests a hypothesis by collecting inform…
Control
in an experiment, the standard against which results are comp…
Data
information gathered from an experiment
10 terms
Biology 2.2 vocabulary
Autotroph
Food Web
Herbivore
Heterotroph
An organism that makes its own food. Collects energy from sun…
A model representing the many interconnected food chains and…
A consumer that eats only plants.
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food. Collects energy from sun…
Food Web
A model representing the many interconnected food chains and…
5 terms
4.2 Biology Vocabulary
Age Structure
Birthrate
Death Rate
Demography
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
the number of live births each year per 1,000 people
The number of deaths in a population in a certain amount of t…
Scientific study of human populations.
Age Structure
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
Birthrate
the number of live births each year per 1,000 people
36 terms
STAAR Biology Category 2 Vocabulary
nucleotide
DNA
heredity
chromosome
a monomer of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA- composed of a su…
deoxyribonucleic acid; contains the code to make proteins
the passage of genetic instructions from one generation to th…
chromosome is a packaged and organized structure containing m…
nucleotide
a monomer of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA- composed of a su…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; contains the code to make proteins
159 terms
Semester 2 Biology Vocabulary
where does photosynthesis occur?
what is the overall reaction?
chemical equation
what are the two stages of photosynthe…
chloroplast
water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight turn into oxygen and sugar
6CO2 + 12H20 + light energy → C6H12O6 + 6O2
light dependent and light independent
where does photosynthesis occur?
chloroplast
what is the overall reaction?
water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight turn into oxygen and sugar
11 terms
2-1 Vocabulary Biology
Atom
Electron
Proton
Nucleus
"Basic unit of matter." (p. 35)
"Negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucl…
Positively charged particle that is located outside of the at…
"The center of the atom which contains the... protons and neutro…
Atom
"Basic unit of matter." (p. 35)
Electron
"Negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucl…
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2-4
Chemical Reaction
Reactant (of a chemical reaction)
Substrate (of a chemical reaction)
Product (of a chemical reaction)
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
an article or substance that is manufactured or refined for s…
Chemical Reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
Reactant (of a chemical reaction)
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Biology 8.2 Vocabulary
Thylakoid
Granum
Stroma
Pigment
In chloroplast, one of the stacked, flattened, pigment-contai…
One of the stacks of pigment containing thylakoids in a plant…
The fluid filled space that is outside the grana in which lig…
Light absorbing colored molecules such as chlorophyll and car…
Thylakoid
In chloroplast, one of the stacked, flattened, pigment-contai…
Granum
One of the stacks of pigment containing thylakoids in a plant…
14 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2-3
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
the larger of a ciliate two nuclei, contains multiple copies…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Macromolecule
the larger of a ciliate two nuclei, contains multiple copies…
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
11 terms
2-1 Vocabulary Biology
Atom
Electron
Proton
Nucleus
The basic unit of a chemical element
Negatively charged particles located outside... the atomic nucleus
A stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
The center of the atom which contains the... protons and neutron…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element
Electron
Negatively charged particles located outside... the atomic nucleus
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2-1
biochemistry
atom
nucleus
electron
study of chemical processes that occur within living things
the study of chemistry
the center of an atom
is a negatively charged particle with 1/1840 the mass of a pr…
biochemistry
study of chemical processes that occur within living things
atom
the study of chemistry
14 terms
2-3 biology vocabulary
Macromolecules
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrates
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
Macromolecules
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
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