Study sets matching "vocab biology 2"

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Study sets matching "vocab biology 2"

Biology vocabulary 2
Double helix
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Base-pairing rule
Replication
The spiral arrangement of DNA
Genetics
Constraints imposed by the molecular structure
The process in which double stranded DNA makes copies of itself
Double helix
The spiral arrangement of DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Genetics
29 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Charge
Electron
Element
Isotopes
Electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
Negatively charged subatomic particle.
A pure substance that consists only of atoms with the same nu…
Forms of an element that differ in the number of neutrons the…
Charge
Electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
Electron
Negatively charged subatomic particle.
Biology Vocabulary List 2
Alveoli
Amino Acid
Amniocentesis
Amniotic fluid
Tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and cardon dioxide a…
One of the building blocks of a protein
A method of prenatal testing in which a small amount of amnio…
The fluid that surrounds the developing embryo in mammals, bi…
Alveoli
Tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and cardon dioxide a…
Amino Acid
One of the building blocks of a protein
2.2 vocabulary Biology
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positiv…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
Hydrogen bond
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positiv…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
ionic bond
nucleotides
monosaccharides
substrate
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
any of the classes of sugars that can not be hydrolyzed to gi…
a molecule upon which an enzyme acts
ionic bond
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
Biology Vocabulary 2-2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
Solution
Is an attraction between molecules of the same substance
is an attraction between molecules of different substances
is a material composed of two or elements or compounds that a…
when ions gradually disappear in water, becoming one substance
Cohesion
Is an attraction between molecules of the same substance
Adhesion
is an attraction between molecules of different substances
Biology 2-2 Vocabulary
Cohesion
Adhesion
MIxture
Solution
The attraction between molecules of the same... substance
The attraction between molecules of different... substances; in…
A material composed of two or more elements... or compounds that…
A mixture of two or more substances in which... the molecules of…
Cohesion
The attraction between molecules of the same... substance
Adhesion
The attraction between molecules of different... substances; in…
Biology Vocabulary 2
Acid
Cohesion
Adhesion
pH Scale
Compounds that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in solution
Attraction between molecules of the same substances.
Attraction between molecules of different substances.
Measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydr…
Acid
Compounds that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in solution
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substances.
34 terms
Biology Vocabulary Unit 2
carbohydrate
protein
lipid
nucleic acid
molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; and inclu…
polymer made of monomers called amino acids
non-polar molecules that include fats, oils, and cholesterol-…
polymers made of monomers called nucleotides
carbohydrate
molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; and inclu…
protein
polymer made of monomers called amino acids
Biology 2.1 Vocabulary
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bounde…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
Biology Vocabulary 2.4
Cell Cycle
Asexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Centromere
Process where a cell divides into two identical daughter cells
How unicellular organisms reproduce
X-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
Holds sister chromatids together in the center of a chromosome
Cell Cycle
Process where a cell divides into two identical daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
How unicellular organisms reproduce
Chapter 2 Vocabulary: Biology
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Is the smallest basic unit of matter.
Is one particular type of atom,and it cannot be broken down i…
Is a substance made off atoms of different elements bonded to…
Is an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
Atom
Is the smallest basic unit of matter.
Element
Is one particular type of atom,and it cannot be broken down i…
Biology Vocabulary 2
Scientific Methods
Hypothesis
Dependent Variable
Experimental Group
The common steps that biologists and other scientists use to…
A testable explanation for a question or problem
The condition being observed or measured in an experiment
In an experiment, the group in which all conditions are kept…
Scientific Methods
The common steps that biologists and other scientists use to…
Hypothesis
A testable explanation for a question or problem
Biology Vocabulary 2
function
specialized
adapted
sperm cell
A prewritten formula that makes it easy to perform common cal…
anti-bodies
To change something to make it fit a new use; to adjust to so…
The male reproductive cell
function
A prewritten formula that makes it easy to perform common cal…
specialized
anti-bodies
Biology Vocabulary 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Disaccharide
Element
Building blocks of protein
A group of compounds made of sugars; provides energy for the…
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Amino Acid
Building blocks of protein
Carbohydrate
A group of compounds made of sugars; provides energy for the…
Biology chap. 2 vocabulary
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
The simplest form of an element that cannot be further broken…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
Atom
The simplest form of an element that cannot be further broken…
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
23 terms
Biology vocabulary 2
function
specialized
adapted
sperm cell
purpose or reason... what it does
special purpose or reason
To change something to make it fit a new use; to adjust to so…
The "male" sex cell; contains 1⁄2 the genetic information of…
function
purpose or reason... what it does
specialized
special purpose or reason
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary Cards 2
Ecological Organization
Primary Succession
Secondary Succession
Pioneer Species
1.individual organism, 2.population, 3.community, 4.ecosystem…
The series of changes that occur in an area where no soil or…
The series of changes that occur in an area where the ecosyst…
First species to populate an area during primary succession
Ecological Organization
1.individual organism, 2.population, 3.community, 4.ecosystem…
Primary Succession
The series of changes that occur in an area where no soil or…
7 terms
Biology Chapter 8-2 Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
The Photosynthesis Equation
Photosynthesis is composed of two proc…
pigments
is the process in which green plants use the energy of sunlig…
6CO2 + 6H2O ->(Light Energy/Enzymes)-> C6H12O6 + 6O2
1. The light reactions convert solar energy to chemical energ…
Plants gather the sun's energy with light-absorbing molecules…
Photosynthesis
is the process in which green plants use the energy of sunlig…
The Photosynthesis Equation
6CO2 + 6H2O ->(Light Energy/Enzymes)-> C6H12O6 + 6O2
12 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
a negatively charged particle electrons are in constant motio…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom;…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
48 terms
Biology Unit-2: The Cell - Key Vocabulary
cell
Cell Theory
prokaryote
eukaryote
the basic unit of all forms of life
the fundamental concept of biology that states that all livin…
unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
organism whose cells contain a nucleus
cell
the basic unit of all forms of life
Cell Theory
the fundamental concept of biology that states that all livin…
41 terms
MVHS Biology IB2 Plant Vocabulary
Sepal
petal
pistil
stigma
1
8
4
Sepal
petal
1
16 terms
Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary
Abiotic Factor
Community
Biotic Factor
Ecology
factor that is physical rather than biological; not derived f…
a group of interdependent organisms of different species grow…
factor relating to, or resulting from living things, especial…
the study of biology that deals with the relations of organis…
Abiotic Factor
factor that is physical rather than biological; not derived f…
Community
a group of interdependent organisms of different species grow…
43 terms
Biology Vocabulary Section 2
Acid
Acid Precipitation
Adhesion
Aqueous Solution
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of ac…
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Water that contains dissolved substances.
Acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Acid Precipitation
Rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of ac…
Biology Vocabulary set 2
Archaea
Autotroph
Bacteria
Binomial nomenclature
A domain or kingdom of single-celled micro organisms. These m…
an organism that can make nutritional organic substances from…
unicellular (one cell) prokaryotic microorganisms (Organisms…
(Two name naming system) Classification system used to classi…
Archaea
A domain or kingdom of single-celled micro organisms. These m…
Autotroph
an organism that can make nutritional organic substances from…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
organism
energy
stimulus
offspring
any living thing
the ability to do work and cause change
change in the environment that causes a response
new organism produced by a living thing
organism
any living thing
energy
the ability to do work and cause change
38 terms
Biology Vocabulary Set 2
Archaea
Autotroph
Bacteria
Binomial Nomenclature
Any of the unicellular microorganisms that is genetically dis…
An organism that can make its own food
Extremely small, single-celled organisms that usually have a…
A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name…
Archaea
Any of the unicellular microorganisms that is genetically dis…
Autotroph
An organism that can make its own food
Biology 11.2 Vocabulary
Punnett Square
Phenotype
Homozygous
Probability
Diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and the phen…
Physical characteristics of an organism
Having two identical alleles for a particular gene
Likelihood that a particular event will occur
Punnett Square
Diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and the phen…
Phenotype
Physical characteristics of an organism
159 terms
Semester 2 Biology Vocabulary
where does photosynthesis occur?
what is the overall reaction?
chemical equation
what are the two stages of photosynthe…
chloroplast
water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight turn into oxygen and sugar
6CO2 + 12H20 + light energy → C6H12O6 + 6O2
light dependent and light independent
where does photosynthesis occur?
chloroplast
what is the overall reaction?
water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight turn into oxygen and sugar
Biology - 10.2 Vocabulary
Genetics
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
The science of heredity.
An alternative form that a single gene may have for a particu…
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the F1 ge…
Mendel's name for a specific trait hidden or masked in the F1…
Genetics
The science of heredity.
Allele
An alternative form that a single gene may have for a particu…
Biology - 10.2 Vocabulary
Genetics
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
The science of heredity.
An alternative form that a single gene may have for a particu…
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the F1 ge…
Mendel's name for a specific trait hidden or masked in the F1…
Genetics
The science of heredity.
Allele
An alternative form that a single gene may have for a particu…
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.2 Water
Adhesion
Boiling point
Cohesion
Freezing point
the force by which individual molecules cling to surrounding…
the temperature at which the vapour pressure of a given liqui…
the force by which individual molecules stick together.
the temperature at which a liquid solidifies (0°C for water).
Adhesion
the force by which individual molecules cling to surrounding…
Boiling point
the temperature at which the vapour pressure of a given liqui…
Biology 2.3 Vocabulary
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Molecule subunit of a polymer
Large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
Molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes s…
Nonpolar molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; i…
Monomer
Molecule subunit of a polymer
Polymer
Large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
14 terms
Biology 7.2 Vocabulary
cytoplasm
organelle
vacuole
lysosome
in eukaryote cells all cellular contents outside the nucleus…
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
cell organelle that shapes materials such as water salts prot…
cell organelle that breaks down lipid carbohydrate and proton…
cytoplasm
in eukaryote cells all cellular contents outside the nucleus…
organelle
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
Biology Vocabulary: Unit 2
Polar/Polarity
Hydrogen Bonding
Adhesion
Cohesion
•An oxygen atom has a much stronger atraction for electrons,…
•Since a water molecule is part positive and part negative, p…
An attraction between molecules of different substances... •Grad…
An attraction between molecules of the same substance ... •Water…
Polar/Polarity
•An oxygen atom has a much stronger atraction for electrons,…
Hydrogen Bonding
•Since a water molecule is part positive and part negative, p…
11 terms
2-1 Vocabulary Biology
Atom
Electron
Proton
Nucleus
"Basic unit of matter." (p. 35)
"Negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucl…
Positively charged particle that is located outside of the at…
"The center of the atom which contains the... protons and neutro…
Atom
"Basic unit of matter." (p. 35)
Electron
"Negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucl…
10 terms
2-4 Vocabulary Biology
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Substrate
Product
The changing of chemicals from one chemical compound to anoth…
Chemicals that enters the reaction.
The reactants that comes into contact to enzymes to cause a c…
The end residue from the reaction.
Chemical Reaction
The changing of chemicals from one chemical compound to anoth…
Reactant
Chemicals that enters the reaction.
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2-4
Chemical Reaction
Reactant (of a chemical reaction)
Substrate (of a chemical reaction)
Product (of a chemical reaction)
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
an article or substance that is manufactured or refined for s…
Chemical Reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
Reactant (of a chemical reaction)
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
Biology Fall Vocabulary Terms 2
primary consumers
producers
food web
food chain
organisms that eat plants
organisms that use sunlight to obtain their energy (plants)
a complex listing of many food chains put together
a simple linear listing of what each organism eats
primary consumers
organisms that eat plants
producers
organisms that use sunlight to obtain their energy (plants)
Biology 8.2 Vocabulary
Thylakoid
Granum
Stroma
Pigment
In chloroplast, one of the stacked, flattened, pigment-contai…
One of the stacks of pigment containing thylakoids in a plant…
The fluid filled space that is outside the grana in which lig…
Light absorbing colored molecules such as chlorophyll and car…
Thylakoid
In chloroplast, one of the stacked, flattened, pigment-contai…
Granum
One of the stacks of pigment containing thylakoids in a plant…
Biology 2.1 Vocabulary
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
The smallest basic unit if matter.
One particular type of atom; it cannot be broken.
A substance made of atoms and different elements bonded toget…
An atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
Atom
The smallest basic unit if matter.
Element
One particular type of atom; it cannot be broken.
14 terms
2-3 vocabulary- biology
macromolecule
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as p…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combination of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as p…
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
14 terms
2-3 Vocabulary Biology
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
A large molecule that is composed of polymers, monomers, and…
"Small unit that can join together with other small units to…
"Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers." (…
"Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, atoms; maj…
Macromolecule
A large molecule that is composed of polymers, monomers, and…
Monomer
"Small unit that can join together with other small units to…
Biology 2.4 Vocabulary
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Bond Energy
process by which substances change into different substances…
substance that is changed by a chemical reaction
substance formed by a chemical reaction
amount of energy needed to break a bond between two particula…
Chemical Reaction
process by which substances change into different substances…
Reactant
substance that is changed by a chemical reaction
6 terms
Biology Week 2 Vocabulary
Vacuole
lysosome
cytoskeleton
ribosome
the cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts…
the cell organelle that breaks down lipids, carbohydrates, an…
the network of protein filaments in a eukaryotic cell that gi…
a cell organelle consisting of RNA and protein found througho…
Vacuole
the cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts…
lysosome
the cell organelle that breaks down lipids, carbohydrates, an…
8 terms
Biology 2.2 Vocabulary
Adhesion
solute
solvent
solution
an attraction between molecules of DIFFERENT substances
the substance that is DISSOLVED
the substance in which the solute DISSOLVES
a TYPE of mixture
Adhesion
an attraction between molecules of DIFFERENT substances
solute
the substance that is DISSOLVED
Biology Vocabulary 2-1
biochemistry
atom
nucleus
electron
study of chemical processes that occur within living things
the study of chemistry
the center of an atom
is a negatively charged particle with 1/1840 the mass of a pr…
biochemistry
study of chemical processes that occur within living things
atom
the study of chemistry
14 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2-3
Macro molecule
Monomer
polymer
Carbohydrate
A polymer with a high molecular mass. There are four main gro…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
Macro molecule
A polymer with a high molecular mass. There are four main gro…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
14 terms
Biology Vocabulary 2-3
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
the larger of a ciliate two nuclei, contains multiple copies…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Macromolecule
the larger of a ciliate two nuclei, contains multiple copies…
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
28 terms
College Biology - Vocabulary 1.2
Photosynthesis
Organelle
Cytoplasm
Monomer
Process of using light energy to build molecules
A very small cell part with a specific function
Fluid inside of a cell
One unit
Photosynthesis
Process of using light energy to build molecules
Organelle
A very small cell part with a specific function
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