Study sets matching "vocab biology 3"

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Study sets matching "vocab biology 3"

32 terms
Biology Standard 3 Vocabulary
CELL
TISSUE
ORGAN
ORGAN SYSTEM
The basic unit of life.
A collection of cells, all of the same type, completing a sin…
This is a collection of multiple tissues; working together to…
A collection of multiple organs working together to complete…
CELL
The basic unit of life.
TISSUE
A collection of cells, all of the same type, completing a sin…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
classify
phylum
genus
species
group things based on the features they share
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
the sixth classification level of living things that includes…
group of organisms that can breed with each other to produce…
classify
group things based on the features they share
phylum
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
Biology Vocabulary 12-3
Complementary
DNA replication
Interphase
Telomere
order of bases on one strand determines the order of bases on…
process of copying DNA
time in-between cell divisions when a cell grows, does metabo…
DNA at the ends of chromosomes
Complementary
order of bases on one strand determines the order of bases on…
DNA replication
process of copying DNA
10 terms
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
process in which elements, chemical co…
process by which water changes from a…
loss of water from a plant through its…
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
biogeochemical cycle
evaporation
transpiration
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
process in which elements, chemical co…
biogeochemical cycle
30 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.3)
abyssal zone
aphotic zone
benthic zone
boreal forest
The deepest, very cold region of the open ocean
An open-ocean zone through which sunlight cannot penetrate
An ocean-floor area consisting of sand, silt, and dead organi…
A biome south of the tundra with dense evergreen forests and…
abyssal zone
The deepest, very cold region of the open ocean
aphotic zone
An open-ocean zone through which sunlight cannot penetrate
Biology 2.3 Vocabulary
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
simple sugar
monomer
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
32 terms
Biology Standard 3 Vocabulary
CELL
TISSUE
ORGAN
ORGAN SYSTEM
The basic unit of life.
A collection of cells, all of the same type, completing a sin…
This is a collection of multiple tissues; working together to…
A collection of multiple organs that work together to accompl…
CELL
The basic unit of life.
TISSUE
A collection of cells, all of the same type, completing a sin…
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
10 terms
Biology - 3.2 Vocabulary
autotroph
primary producer
heterotroph
consumer
organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
first producer of energy-rich compounds that are later used b…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
organism that relies on other organisms for its energy and fo…
autotroph
organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
primary producer
first producer of energy-rich compounds that are later used b…
7.3 Biology Vocabulary
Active Transport
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Concentration
movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a r…
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell,
rigid outermost layer cell layer found in plants, algae, bact…
The measure of the amount of a sub-component (especially solu…
Active Transport
movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a r…
Cell Membrane
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell,
9 terms
Biology - 3.1 Vocabulary
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists, including land, water, an…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists, including land, water, an…
species
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
Biology Vocabulary List 3
Organ
Stem tuber
Water potential gradient
Turgid cell
A structure made up of a group of tissues, working together t…
A swollen part of a stem, which stores food
A difference in the concentration of water molecules
A plant cell that has absorbed water and has cytoplasm that i…
Organ
A structure made up of a group of tissues, working together t…
Stem tuber
A swollen part of a stem, which stores food
Biology 3-3 Vocabulary
Biogeocgemical Cycles
Evaporation
Transpiration
Nutrients
same molecules get passed around again and again whithin the…
Water changes from liquid to gas
Water evaporates from leaves of plants
All substances an organism needs to sustain life
Biogeocgemical Cycles
same molecules get passed around again and again whithin the…
Evaporation
Water changes from liquid to gas
10 terms
biology vocabulary 3
scientific method
hypothesis
control group
independent
common steps that all biologists and other scientists use to…
an explanation for a question or a problem that can be formal…
an experiment group in which all conditions are kept the same
the condition in the experiment that is changed
scientific method
common steps that all biologists and other scientists use to…
hypothesis
an explanation for a question or a problem that can be formal…
Biology (Ch.3) Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
21 terms
Biology Vocabulary Quiz 3
Cell wall
Centrioles
Cilia/Cilium
Chloroplasts
An inflexible barrier that provides support and to PLANT and…
Structures near the nucleus that are important during cell di…
Short, hair-like structures arranged in tightly packed rows t…
An organelle that captures light energy and converts it to ch…
Cell wall
An inflexible barrier that provides support and to PLANT and…
Centrioles
Structures near the nucleus that are important during cell di…
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
Active Transport
Diffusion
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Occurs when energy is needed for a substance to move across a…
The movement of a substance across a membrane, due to a diffe…
Is the type of vesicle transport that moves a substance into…
Is the type of vesicle transport that moves a substance out o…
Active Transport
Occurs when energy is needed for a substance to move across a…
Diffusion
The movement of a substance across a membrane, due to a diffe…
10 terms
Week 3 Biology Vocabulary Terms
Cell differentiation
Cancer
Sugar- Phosphate Backbone
Nitrogen base
A process that occurs during embryonic development in which c…
A disorder in which the cell cycle is no longer controlled an…
A structure in the DNA double helix structure that alternates…
A, T, G, C -the structures that bond to sugar in the DNA mole…
Cell differentiation
A process that occurs during embryonic development in which c…
Cancer
A disorder in which the cell cycle is no longer controlled an…
124 terms
Biology Final Vocabulary 3
Ecology
Biotic
Abiotic
Biosphere
The study of relationships between species and their biotic/a…
Living environment
Non-living environment
Global ecosystem
Ecology
The study of relationships between species and their biotic/a…
Biotic
Living environment
34 terms
Ch 3 Biology Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cell
all organisms are made of cells, all existing cells are produ…
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
do not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles, microscop…
cell theory
all organisms are made of cells, all existing cells are produ…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
23 terms
Biology - Unit 3 Vocabulary
selectively permeable
solute
solution
solvent
characteristic of a membrane that allows some substances thro…
substance dissolved in a liquid to form a solution
a homogenous mixture of two or more substances uniformly disp…
In a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves.
selectively permeable
characteristic of a membrane that allows some substances thro…
solute
substance dissolved in a liquid to form a solution
9 terms
Biology Section 3-3 Vocabulary
cycle that move material through the e…
water leaving body of water and return…
process of plants losing water from le…
a chemical substances that an organism…
biogeochemical cycle
evaporation
transpiration
nutrients
cycle that move material through the e…
biogeochemical cycle
water leaving body of water and return…
evaporation
12 terms
Biology 8.3 Vocabulary
photosynthesis
pigment
chlorophyll
thylakoid
It is a process used by plants and other autotrophs to captur…
It is a light-absorbing molecule used by plants to gather the…
It is a principle pigment of plants and other photosynthetic…
It is a saclike photosynthetic membranes found in chloroplasts.
photosynthesis
It is a process used by plants and other autotrophs to captur…
pigment
It is a light-absorbing molecule used by plants to gather the…
Chapter 11.1-11.3 Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (c…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary #3
di, dis
diplo
dorso
e, ex, ec
two, twice
double
back
out, out of
di, dis
two, twice
diplo
double
Biology Vocabulary Chap. 3
limiting factors
succession
primary succession
climax community
an organisms ability to survive in its environment, such as f…
orderly, natural changes, and species replacements that take…
the colonization of new sites like these by communities of or…
a stable, mature community the undergoes little or no change…
limiting factors
an organisms ability to survive in its environment, such as f…
succession
orderly, natural changes, and species replacements that take…
21 terms
Biology Vocabulary Week 3
Cardio-
Carcin-
Ad-
Aero-
Pertaining to the heart... "Cardiovascular"
Cancer... "Carcinogen"
Toward
Air
Cardio-
Pertaining to the heart... "Cardiovascular"
Carcin-
Cancer... "Carcinogen"
Biology 7.3 Vocabulary
diffusion
facilitated diffusion
aquaporins
osmosis
driving force behind the movement of many substances across t…
process in which molecules that cannot directly diffuse acros…
water channel proteins in cells, allow water to pass right th…
the diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
driving force behind the movement of many substances across t…
facilitated diffusion
process in which molecules that cannot directly diffuse acros…
27 terms
IB Biology 2.3 Carbohydrates Vocabulary - JOHNSON
Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Condensation
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
a polysaccharide composed of glucose monomers found in plants…
a polysaccharide of beta-glucose monomers in plant cells, con…
formation (synthesis) of larger molecules involving the remov…
Amylopectin
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
Amylose
a polysaccharide composed of glucose monomers found in plants…
Chapter 3 Biology vocabulary
Organic compound
Functional group
Monomer
Polymer
Compounds that are primarily made of carbon atoms. Inorganic…
clusters of atoms in organic compounds. Hydroxyl, carboxyl, A…
Carbon compounds built from smaller, simpler molecules
a large molecule that is formed by more than 5 monomers, or s…
Organic compound
Compounds that are primarily made of carbon atoms. Inorganic…
Functional group
clusters of atoms in organic compounds. Hydroxyl, carboxyl, A…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
83 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cytology
Cells
Cell Theory
Cellular Function - Nutrition
The study of cells.
The functional and structural unit of life.
The cell is the basic unit of all living things. Cells perfor…
Includes absorption and digestion.
Cytology
The study of cells.
Cells
The functional and structural unit of life.
24 terms
IB Biology 2.3 Carbohydrates Vocabulary
Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Condensation
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components…
a polysaccharide with the formula (C6H10O5)n, consisting of a…
formation of larger molecules involving the removal of water…
Amylopectin
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
Amylose
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components…
30 terms
Vocabulary 3 Biology
Cell
Organelle
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
a usually microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytopl…
a specialized part of a cell having some specific function; a…
a specialized, usually spherical mass of protoplasm encased i…
the semipermeable membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell
Cell
a usually microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytopl…
Organelle
a specialized part of a cell having some specific function; a…
16 terms
Biology 3-2 Vocabulary
Autotrophes
Heterotrophs
Photosynthesis
Chemosynthesis
Organisms that use energy from the sun or chemicals to make t…
Organisms that have to ingest to get their energy(aka consume…
Process that uses light energy to produce energy
Process that uses chemical energy to produce energy
Autotrophes
Organisms that use energy from the sun or chemicals to make t…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that have to ingest to get their energy(aka consume…
Biology Vocabulary List 3
Bone
Bone marrow
Brain
Cells
Dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton.
A soft fatty substance in the cavities of bones, in which blo…
Organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of verteb…
Smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, typic…
Bone
Dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton.
Bone marrow
A soft fatty substance in the cavities of bones, in which blo…
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary 3
cide
circ
cocc
con
to kill
circular
small and round
together
cide
to kill
circ
circular
23 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 3.3 Meosis
Allele
Amniocentesis
Chorionic villus sampling
Crossing over
one of the possible alternative of a gene, occupying a specif…
a procedure used to diagnose genetic defects in the early sta…
technique for diagnosing genetic defects while a foetus is in…
exchange of genetic material between non-sister chromatids du…
Allele
one of the possible alternative of a gene, occupying a specif…
Amniocentesis
a procedure used to diagnose genetic defects in the early sta…
Biology Ch. 3 Vocabulary
community
limiting factor
tolerance
ecological succession
group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
organism's ability to survive biotic and abiotic factors
process by which one community replaces another community bec…
community
group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
limiting factor
biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
7 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Standard 3
Organ
Organ System
Organism
Stomata
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
Group of organs that work together to perform a specific func…
A living thing
One of many openings in a leaf or a stem of a plant that enab…
Organ
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
Organ System
Group of organs that work together to perform a specific func…
28 terms
Biology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Active site
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
Amino acid
Carbohydrate
Folds on an enzyme where the substrate binds
A compound that is able to store a large amount of energy tha…
Monomers of a protein
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen at…
Active site
Folds on an enzyme where the substrate binds
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
A compound that is able to store a large amount of energy tha…
Biology: Vocabulary Week 3
Organ
Organ System
Diffusion
Water Potential Gradient
a structure made up of a group of tissues, working together t…
a group of organs with related functions, working together to…
the net movement of molecules from a region of their higher c…
a difference in the concentration of water molecules; a dilut…
Organ
a structure made up of a group of tissues, working together t…
Organ System
a group of organs with related functions, working together to…
Biology Vocabulary 3.3
food chain
phytoplankton
food web
zooplankton
a series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eatin…
in some aquatic food chains primary producers are a mixture o…
a network of feeding interactions
a diverse group of small, swimming animals
food chain
a series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eatin…
phytoplankton
in some aquatic food chains primary producers are a mixture o…
3.3 biology vocabulary
Cell membrane
Phospholipid
Fluid mosaic model
Selective permeability
Plasma membrane, forms a boundary between a cell and the outs…
A molecule composed of three basic parts: a charged phosphate…
Describes the arrangement of the molecules that make up a cel…
Means it allows some, but not all, materials to cross
Cell membrane
Plasma membrane, forms a boundary between a cell and the outs…
Phospholipid
A molecule composed of three basic parts: a charged phosphate…
7 terms
biology 3.3 vocabulary
food chain
food web
phytoplankton
zooplankton
series of steps in an ecosystem in which organisms transfer e…
network of complex interaction formed by the feeding of relat…
photosynthetic algae found near the surface of an ocean
small free-floating animals that form part of plankton
food chain
series of steps in an ecosystem in which organisms transfer e…
food web
network of complex interaction formed by the feeding of relat…
23 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 3.3 Meosis
Allele
Amniocentesis
Chorionic villus sampling
Crossing over
one of the possible alternative of a gene, occupying a specif…
a procedure used to diagnose genetic defects in the early sta…
technique for diagnosing genetic defects while a foetus is in…
exchange of genetic material between non-sister chromatids du…
Allele
one of the possible alternative of a gene, occupying a specif…
Amniocentesis
a procedure used to diagnose genetic defects in the early sta…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Sections 3 & 4 Vocabulary
mixture
solvent
solute
pH
combination of 2 or more substances in which each substance r…
a substance in which another substance is dissolved
substance that is dissolved in the solvent
the measure of the concentration of H+ in a solution
mixture
combination of 2 or more substances in which each substance r…
solvent
a substance in which another substance is dissolved
Biology vocabulary 3-1
community
limiting factor
tolerance
ecological succession
Group of interacting populations that occupy the same area at…
Any abiotic/biotic factor that limits the numbers
An organism subject to survive when subjected toabiotic or bi…
The change in a ecosystem community replaces another as a res…
community
Group of interacting populations that occupy the same area at…
limiting factor
Any abiotic/biotic factor that limits the numbers
3.2 Vocabulary Biology
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Chemosynthesis
Heterotrophs
a plant that can make its own food from any substance, the be…
plants - using the sun to make food
organisms making their own food from chemicals
Organisms that get energy by consuming other organisms Cannot…
Autotroph
a plant that can make its own food from any substance, the be…
Photosynthesis
plants - using the sun to make food
Biology Vocabulary 12.3
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
ribonucleic acid; guides protein synthesis
type of RNA that carries genetic information from DNA in the…
type of RNA that associated with proteins to form ribosomes
type of RNA that transports amino acids to the ribosome
RNA
ribonucleic acid; guides protein synthesis
messenger RNA
type of RNA that carries genetic information from DNA in the…
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