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Study sets matching "vocab biology cells respiration"

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Study sets matching "vocab biology cells respiration"

15 terms
Biology- Cell Respiration Vocabulary
what is cellular respiration?
what is aerobic respiration?
what is anaerobic respiration?
what is glycolysis?
the process of breaking down glucose to make ATP
the type of respiration in which O2 is used in the production…
the type of respiration in which O2 is not used in the produc…
the lysis (breakup) of glucose
what is cellular respiration?
the process of breaking down glucose to make ATP
what is aerobic respiration?
the type of respiration in which O2 is used in the production…
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Biology Vocabulary: Cell Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
Process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
Organism that obtains its energy form abiotic sources, such a…
Organism that obtains its energy and nutrients by consuming o…
Process of producing ATP by breaking down carbon based molecu…
Photosynthesis
Process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
Autotroph
Organism that obtains its energy form abiotic sources, such a…
24 terms
Biology Cell Respiration Vocabulary
acetyl CoA
aerobic
alcohol fermentation
anaerobic
performs in the citric cycle by giving up two carbons
requires oxygen (ex. aerobic respiration- it needs oxygen)
When carbohydrates are converted into ATP in the presence of…
a process which requires no oxygen
acetyl CoA
performs in the citric cycle by giving up two carbons
aerobic
requires oxygen (ex. aerobic respiration- it needs oxygen)
15 terms
Biology cell respiration vocabulary
ATP
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Thylakoid
Stores energy
So I captures energy from the sun to make to make there own f…
The green pigment in chloroplasts absorbs sunlight
The membrane and saw the chloroplast looks like coins
ATP
Stores energy
Photosynthesis
So I captures energy from the sun to make to make there own f…
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
31 terms
Biology vocabulary- cell respiration
Glycolysis
Glucose
Products of cell respiration
Mitochondria
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into two pyruvate molecules
One of many simple sugars that can be broken down through cel…
H20, CO2, and energy to charge up ADP into ATP
Organelle that carries out part of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into two pyruvate molecules
Glucose
One of many simple sugars that can be broken down through cel…
23 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells break down organic molecules and u…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
The first stage in cellular respiration or fermentation that…
Partial degradation (break down) of sugars in the absence of…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells break down organic molecules and u…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
23 terms
Biology vocabulary Cell respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular respiration
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
20 terms
Cell Respiration Biology 1
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen.
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen.
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
18 terms
General Biology - Cell Respiration/Photosynthesis Vocabulary
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
glucose
ATP
Glucose converted to pyruvate; hydrogen and electrons produce…
Carbon dioxide released from pyruvate; hydrogen and electrons…
A simple sugar that acts as an energy source for cells.
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Glycolysis
Glucose converted to pyruvate; hydrogen and electrons produce…
Krebs Cycle
Carbon dioxide released from pyruvate; hydrogen and electrons…
13 terms
Cell Respiration - Honors Biology
Aerobic Respiration
Oxygen
Mitochondria
Glycolysis, Citric Acid Cycle, ETC
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
The final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain.…
The organelle in the cell where cell respiration occurs.
Three steps of cellular respiration
Aerobic Respiration
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
Oxygen
The final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain.…
37 terms
Biology | Cell Respiration
What are the two stages of cell respir…
What is the balanced chemical formula…
What are the four steps of cell respir…
What are the reactants and products of…
Anaerobic; aerobic
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O
1. Glycolysis... 2. Pyruvate Decarboxylation... 3. Krebs Cycle... 4. O…
C6H12O6 + 2NAD+ + 2ATP → 2 Pyruvate + 2 NADH + 4ATP
What are the two stages of cell respir…
Anaerobic; aerobic
What is the balanced chemical formula…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O
20 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 8.2 Cell respiration
Aerobic respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
an enzyme that utilizes the H+ electrochemical gradient to sy…
a process for making ATP using the energy stored in an electr…
Aerobic respiration
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
ATP
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
11 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.8 Cell respiration
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
a nucleotide that releases energy when its phosphate bonds ar…
molecule resulting from oxidation of organic carbon compounds…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
11 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.8 Cell respiration
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
a nucleotide that releases energy when its phosphate bonds ar…
molecule resulting from oxidation of organic carbon compounds…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
22 terms
Cell Respiration- Biology (Thessen)
Cell Respiration
Cell Respiration equation
Mitochondria
Mitochondrial Matrix
Process by which the cell converts oxygen and glucose into ca…
6O2+ C6H12O6 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (ATP)
converts sugar into usable energy (ATP) for the cell.
Where the Krebs Cycle takes place.
Cell Respiration
Process by which the cell converts oxygen and glucose into ca…
Cell Respiration equation
6O2+ C6H12O6 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (ATP)
Biology cell respiration and photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
light energy
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxi…
An organism that makes its own food.
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Energy in the form of moving waves of light
Photosynthesis
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxi…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food.
11 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.8 Cell respiration
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
a nucleotide that releases energy when its phosphate bonds ar…
molecule resulting from oxidation of organic carbon compounds…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
28 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
- Begins with glycolysis and produces 2 molecules of pyruvate…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
95 terms
Campbell Biology: cell respiration
Concept 8.1: An organism's metabolism…
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathway
...
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
Releases Energy. A metabolic pathway that releases energy by…
Concept 8.1: An organism's metabolism…
...
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
20 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 8.2 Cell respiration
Aerobic respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
an enzyme that utilizes the H+ electrochemical gradient to sy…
a process for making ATP using the energy stored in an electr…
Aerobic respiration
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
ATP
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
11 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.8 Cell Respiration
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
a nucleotide that releases energy when its phosphate bonds ar…
molecule resulting from oxidation of organic carbon compounds…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
20 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 8.2 Cell respiration
Aerobic respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
an enzyme that utilizes the H+ electrochemical gradient to sy…
a process for making ATP using the energy stored in an electr…
Aerobic respiration
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
ATP
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
20 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 8.2 Cell Respiration
Aerobic respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
an enzyme that utilizes the H+ electrochemical gradient to sy…
a process for making ATP using the energy stored in an electr…
Aerobic respiration
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
ATP
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
71 terms
Biology-Cell Respiration
What is cell respiration?
What is the formula for cell respiration
What helps to loose energy?
What does ATP stand for?
Controlled release of energy from organic compounds in cells…
When enzymes break phosphorus
Adenosine Tri-phosphate
What is cell respiration?
Controlled release of energy from organic compounds in cells…
What is the formula for cell respiration
11 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.8 Cell respiration
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
a nucleotide that releases energy when its phosphate bonds ar…
molecule resulting from oxidation of organic carbon compounds…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
anaerobic
Cellular Respiration: The first step in releasing the energy…
Where glycolysis takes place inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
does not require oxygen (glycolysis and fermentation).
glycolysis
Cellular Respiration: The first step in releasing the energy…
cytoplasm
Where glycolysis takes place inside the cell.
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
17 terms
IB Biology Cell Respiration
cell respiration
bioethanol
anaerobic respiration
glucose
the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in ce…
-ethanol produced by organisms... -renewable energy source... -prod…
-process of producing cellular energy without oxygen... -produce…
-C6H12O6... -organic molecule
cell respiration
the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in ce…
bioethanol
-ethanol produced by organisms... -renewable energy source... -prod…
14 terms
DAt biology Cell Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
The Krebs Cycle (aka: Citric acid cycl…
The ATP generating process that occurs within cells. Energy i…
Cellular Respiration in the presence of O2.... -divided into 3 c…
The decomposition (lysis) of glucose (glyco) to pyruvate (pyr…
1. Pyruvate to acetyl CoA. In a step leading to the actual Kr…
Cellular Respiration
The ATP generating process that occurs within cells. Energy i…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration in the presence of O2.... -divided into 3 c…
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
20 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 8.2 Cell respiration
Aerobic respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
an enzyme that utilizes the H+ electrochemical gradient to sy…
a process for making ATP using the energy stored in an electr…
Aerobic respiration
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
ATP
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
57 terms
Cell Respiration AP Biology
Anabolism
Catabolism
Metabolism
Glycolysis
A metabolic pathway that synthesizes more complex molecules f…
A metabolic pathway that synthesizes simpler molecules from m…
A sum of all of the anabolic and catabolic reactions in an or…
"Splitting Sugar"--A 10 step process that breaks glucose into…
Anabolism
A metabolic pathway that synthesizes more complex molecules f…
Catabolism
A metabolic pathway that synthesizes simpler molecules from m…
68 terms
Biology: Cell Respiration
Diffusion
How does diffusion work?
Facilitated Diffusion
Aquaporin
movement of materials from high concentration to low concentr…
The higher the temperature, the more the diffusion; fast at s…
helps the sucrose pass through the membrane
channel for water
Diffusion
movement of materials from high concentration to low concentr…
How does diffusion work?
The higher the temperature, the more the diffusion; fast at s…
22 terms
Cell Respiration Biology 1 Honors
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen.
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen.
11 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.8 Cell respiration
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
a nucleotide that releases energy when its phosphate bonds ar…
molecule resulting from oxidation of organic carbon compounds…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
16 terms
Biology -- Cell Respiration and Fermentation
Glycolysis (1st stage of cell respirat…
Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle) (2nd s…
ETC (electron transport chain)
Aerobic Respiration vs Anaerobic Respi…
occurs in the cytoplasm /cytosol ... gross ATP = 4... net ATP = 2…
occurs in the mitochondrial matrix... gross ATP = 2 ... net ATP =…
occurs in the inner membrane of the mitochondria ... gross ATP…
-- cell respiration either aerobic or anaerobic... -- fermentati…
Glycolysis (1st stage of cell respirat…
occurs in the cytoplasm /cytosol ... gross ATP = 4... net ATP = 2…
Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle) (2nd s…
occurs in the mitochondrial matrix... gross ATP = 2 ... net ATP =…
20 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 8.2 Cell respiration
Aerobic respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
an enzyme that utilizes the H+ electrochemical gradient to sy…
a process for making ATP using the energy stored in an electr…
Aerobic respiration
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
ATP
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
54 terms
AP Biology: Cell Respiration
2
CoA
Acetyl CoA
1 CO2 and 1 NADH
How many NADH are produced during glycolysis?
Pyruvate combines with what in the link reaction?
Pyruvate becomes what before the Krebs cycle?
Besides actetyl CoA, what is created in the link reaction?
2
How many NADH are produced during glycolysis?
CoA
Pyruvate combines with what in the link reaction?
SAT II Biology - Cell Respiration
ATP
cristae
matrix
fermentation
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Infoldings of the inner membrane of a mitochondrion that hous…
Gel-like interior of the cristae (of the mitochondria)
An anaerobic (without oxygen) cellular process in which organ…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
cristae
Infoldings of the inner membrane of a mitochondrion that hous…
11 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.8 Cell respiration
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
a nucleotide that releases energy when its phosphate bonds ar…
molecule resulting from oxidation of organic carbon compounds…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
17 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 8.2 Cell respiration
Aerobic respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
an enzyme that utilizes the H+ electrochemical gradient to sy…
a process for making ATP using the energy stored in an electr…
Aerobic respiration
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
ATP
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
biology cell respiration
Gylcolysis
Fermentation
Pyruvic acid
aerobic
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
An energy-releasing process that does not require oxygen afte…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
A process that requires oxygen.
Gylcolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Fermentation
An energy-releasing process that does not require oxygen afte…
17 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 8.2 Cell respiration
Aerobic respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
an enzyme that utilizes the H+ electrochemical gradient to sy…
a process for making ATP using the energy stored in an electr…
Aerobic respiration
a type of respiration where oxygen is consumed.
ATP
a nucleotide triphosphate that is a common source of energy i…
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