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Study sets matching "vocab biology life cells cycle"

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Study sets matching "vocab biology life cells cycle"

35 terms
biology cell life cycle
cell cycle
interphase
gap 1 interphase
synthesis interphase
regular pattern of growth and division
period of growth in which a cell may prepare for cell divisio…
cell increases in size and organelles increase in number
DNA/ chromatin replicates
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth and division
interphase
period of growth in which a cell may prepare for cell divisio…
17 terms
Biology Cell Life Cycle
Gamete
Somatic Cells
Fertilization
Zygote
A general name given to a sexual reproductive cell
All body cells but the gametes
The union of two unlike gametes (Sperm and Egg)
A fertilized egg
Gamete
A general name given to a sexual reproductive cell
Somatic Cells
All body cells but the gametes
31 terms
Biology Life cycle of the cell
Reproductive cells
Somatic cells
Chromosome
Diploid chromosome number
Gametes
All other cells in body except reproductive cells
Mass of DNA, contains blueprints for all structures and funct…
Total number of chromosomes in the nucleus of each somatic ce…
Reproductive cells
Gametes
Somatic cells
All other cells in body except reproductive cells
24 terms
Biology Cell Life Cycle
Gamete
Somatic Cells
Fertilization
Zygote
A general name given to a sexual reproductive cell
All body cells but the gametes
The union of two unlike gametes (Sperm and Egg)
A fertilized egg
Gamete
A general name given to a sexual reproductive cell
Somatic Cells
All body cells but the gametes
36 terms
Biology 3rd Midterm Review: Cell Life Cycle
Prophase
Prophase
Prophase
Prophase
Centrioles migrate to the poles
Prophase
Prophase
Biology: Energy of Life Cell Cycle
Interphase
Sister Chromatids
Prophase
Metaphase
-most of cells life spent here... -gap 1 (G1) cell growth protei…
a copy of each chromosome made in DNA replication. held toget…
-chromosomes coil and appear visible... -nuclear envelope begins…
-spindle fibers form and attach to chromosomes at the centrom…
Interphase
-most of cells life spent here... -gap 1 (G1) cell growth protei…
Sister Chromatids
a copy of each chromosome made in DNA replication. held toget…
21 terms
Biology 1: Chapter 9: The Life Cycles of Cells & Reproduction | Vocabulary
interphase
G1 (growth) phase
S (synthesis) phase
G2 (gap) phase
A long period of the cell cycle between one cell division and…
The first phase of interphase in which a cell does most of it…
The second phase of interphase in which a new copy of the cel…
The phase stage of interphase in which many of the organelles…
interphase
A long period of the cell cycle between one cell division and…
G1 (growth) phase
The first phase of interphase in which a cell does most of it…
53 terms
Biology 186 - Cell Cycle and Sexual Life Cycle
During the history of biological scien…
Chromosomes
DNA
Epigenetic Continuity
Generations of individual organisms, then of cells, then of c…
a cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule, consisting…
DNA that passes to offspring
During the history of biological scien…
Generations of individual organisms, then of cells, then of c…
Chromosomes
a cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
29 terms
Biology 184: The Cell Cycle and Sexual Life Cycles
Name the six cells that progress throu…
Which cells do not progress normally t…
What happens when control of cell grow…
What is a chromosome?
1. Growing unicellular organisms... 2. Embryonic cells in young…
Cells that can opt out of the call cycle-neurons, synthesizin…
Cells turn cancerous
50% DNA, 50% protein, wound around histomes and packed into 3…
Name the six cells that progress throu…
1. Growing unicellular organisms... 2. Embryonic cells in young…
Which cells do not progress normally t…
Cells that can opt out of the call cycle-neurons, synthesizin…
13 terms
Biology: Life cycle of a cell
What is a gene and what does it tell a…
What is a gamete, how many chromosomes…
What is a somatic cell and how many ch…
What type of cells are produced by mit…
A gene is a small unit of information or a specific trait
a sex cell (sperm and egg) with half as many as the somatic c…
all cells that are not sex cells.
haploid/ N/ somatic cells
What is a gene and what does it tell a…
A gene is a small unit of information or a specific trait
What is a gamete, how many chromosomes…
a sex cell (sperm and egg) with half as many as the somatic c…
121 terms
biology The cell cycle and Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles
cell division
cell cycle
chromosomes
genome
the continuity of life is based on the reproduction of cells
the life of a cell from formation to its own division
DNA molecules in a cell are packaged
all DNA in a cell constitutes the cells genome
cell division
the continuity of life is based on the reproduction of cells
cell cycle
the life of a cell from formation to its own division
15 terms
Life Science: Cell Cycle
cell cycle
interphase
replication
chromosome
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
The first stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cel…
The process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in its nu…
A variation of DNA that is present during the mitotic phases…
cell cycle
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
interphase
The first stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cel…
21 terms
Cell Division & Life Cycle
Mitosis
Meiosis
Gamete
Prophase
The process by which a cell divides its DNA
The process by which a cell creates 4 unique, haploid gametes
A haploid sex cell (egg or sperm)
The first phase of mitosis. The DNA condenses into chromosome…
Mitosis
The process by which a cell divides its DNA
Meiosis
The process by which a cell creates 4 unique, haploid gametes
15 terms
Biology Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Chromatin
Chromatid
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
loose combination of DNA and proteins
one half of a duplicated chromosome
occurs in eukaryotic cells
process by which a cell divides
Chromatin
loose combination of DNA and proteins
Chromatid
one half of a duplicated chromosome
41 terms
Biology Vocabulary - Cell Cycle
cell division
cell cycle
genome
somatic cell
reproduction of cells.
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
the genetic material of an organism or virus; the complete co…
any cell in a multi cellular organism except a sperm or egg o…
cell division
reproduction of cells.
cell cycle
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
23 terms
Biology Cell Cycle vocabulary
Chromosome
Histones
Chromatid
Centromere
rod shaped structured composed of DNA and proteins
In eukaryotic cells when the DNA is wrapped proteins. This he…
Each half of the chromosome
the point where the two chromatids are attached
Chromosome
rod shaped structured composed of DNA and proteins
Histones
In eukaryotic cells when the DNA is wrapped proteins. This he…
13 terms
biology vocabulary: cell cycle
asexual reproduction
binary fission
budding
vegetative reproduction
need only one parent to create new organisms
one parent divides into 2 equal daughter cells
one parent grows new organisms on them, when mature offspring…
offspring can grow off part of the parent plant (root, stem,…
asexual reproduction
need only one parent to create new organisms
binary fission
one parent divides into 2 equal daughter cells
Biology: Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Gamete
Mitosis
A single individual passes genes to its offspring without the…
Gametes (sperm & egg) reproduces
Genes are passed to the next generation via reproductive cell…
The parent cell divides into two daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A single individual passes genes to its offspring without the…
Sexual Reproduction
Gametes (sperm & egg) reproduces
15 terms
Biology Cell cycle vocabulary
Chromatin
Chromatid
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Loose combination of DNA and its associated proteins (histone…
One half of a duplicated chromosome
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and the nuclear c…
Process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
Chromatin
Loose combination of DNA and its associated proteins (histone…
Chromatid
One half of a duplicated chromosome
13 terms
Biology Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromitin
Cell cycle
Centromere
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
Long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
Continuous sequence of growth (interphase) and divisions (mit…
Cell structure that joins two sister chromatids of a chromosome
Chromosome
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
Chromitin
Long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
6 terms
Cell Cycle Biology Vocabulary
Chromatin
Chromosome
Sister Chromatids
Centromere
Tightly wound fiber made up of DNA coiled around histones
Made of condensed and packaged DNA/proteins in the form of ch…
Joined copies of original chromosome (x-shaped, connected by…
Region of chromosomal DNA where sister chromatids attach in t…
Chromatin
Tightly wound fiber made up of DNA coiled around histones
Chromosome
Made of condensed and packaged DNA/proteins in the form of ch…
25 terms
Biology/ Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Regeneration
G1 Phase
Binary Fission
G2 Phase
the process by which some organisms replace or restore lost o…
together with the S phase and G2 phase comprise the long grow…
Prokaryotic fission, which is binary fission, is a form of as…
In cell cycle, Gap 2 phase is the period after Synthesis phas…
Regeneration
the process by which some organisms replace or restore lost o…
G1 Phase
together with the S phase and G2 phase comprise the long grow…
20 terms
Biology- Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Binary Fission
Parts of the Cell Cycle
Interphase
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
The process of bacterial reproduction in which is the most co…
G1, S, G2, M, and C
G1, S, G2
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Binary Fission
The process of bacterial reproduction in which is the most co…
30 terms
AP Biology-Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Anaphase
Anchorage dependence
Aster
Binary fission
one of the stages in cell division that occurs in both mitosi…
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
Playing a major role in animal cell mitosis, are a radial arr…
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Anaphase
one of the stages in cell division that occurs in both mitosi…
Anchorage dependence
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
30 terms
Biology Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Synthesis
the cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell, consi…
the usual method of cell division, characterized typically by…
the division of the cell cytoplasm
when the DNA is duplicated
Cell Cycle
the cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell, consi…
Mitosis
the usual method of cell division, characterized typically by…
13 terms
Biology cell cycle vocabulary
Chromososme
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Interphase
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
process of cell reproduction occurring in three phases - inte…
cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromososme
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Chromatin
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
29 terms
Biology I Honors: Cell Division & the Life Cycle
Cell Cycle
Checkpoints
Replication.
Mitosis
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
A point in the eukaryotic cell cycle at which the cycle may c…
The process of making an exact copy
The process where a single cell divides resulting in generall…
Cell Cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Checkpoints
A point in the eukaryotic cell cycle at which the cycle may c…
66 terms
AP Bio- Cell Cycle & Sexual Life Cycle Vocabulary
cell division
cell cycle
genome
chromosomes
Reproduction of cells.
The life of a cell from when it's formed from a dividing pare…
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic information.
Structures where DNA is packaged.
cell division
Reproduction of cells.
cell cycle
The life of a cell from when it's formed from a dividing pare…
27 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle, Cell Division, Life Cycles and Embryonic Development
Gasturlation
Embryo
Placenta
Neural Tube
The process in which a blastula forms into a three-layer embryo
In the early stages of development, the organism is own as an…
Provides nourishment and the oxygen for the developing embryo.
One end of this structure will develop into the brain, the ot…
Gasturlation
The process in which a blastula forms into a three-layer embryo
Embryo
In the early stages of development, the organism is own as an…
8 terms
Lab: The Cell Life Cycle
Interphase
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
When the cell carries out its normal functions
The cell is dividing
DNA divides
Rest of the cell divides
Interphase
When the cell carries out its normal functions
Cell Division
The cell is dividing
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
28 terms
Biology: Visual Cell Cycle
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Metaphase
Interphase
Prophase
31 terms
AP Biology-Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Anaphase
Anchorage dependence
Aster
Binary fission
Anaphase is one of the stages in cell division that occurs in…
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
Playing a major role in animal cell mitosis, asters are a rad…
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Anaphase
Anaphase is one of the stages in cell division that occurs in…
Anchorage dependence
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
8 terms
Life Cycle of Cell
Interphase
Mitotic phase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Rest period ... Prepares for cell divison
Time where cell divides
Duplication of DNA & division of nucleus
Division of cytoplasm & mother cell
Interphase
Rest period ... Prepares for cell divison
Mitotic phase
Time where cell divides
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
12 terms
7A: Cell Life Cycle
Asexual Reproduction
Cell division
Cell cycle
Interphase
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
8 terms
Biology II: Mitosis and Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosomes
a cell grows and works, copies DNA, grows and works, separate…
separating the chromosomes into two new, identical nuclei
separating the cytoplasm and organelles into two new cells
when DNA rolls up and organizes into packages, one long piece…
Cell cycle
a cell grows and works, copies DNA, grows and works, separate…
Mitosis
separating the chromosomes into two new, identical nuclei
22 terms
Cell Life Cycle Study
Interphase
G1 phase
G0 phase
S phase
"normal" cell functions... consists of G1, S, and G2
first part of interphase
non-dividing cell... "pause" on cell division
Synthesis phase... makes DNA... REPLICATION
Interphase
"normal" cell functions... consists of G1, S, and G2
G1 phase
first part of interphase
22 terms
Cell Cycle: Cell Biology
Cell Division
Cell Division in Prokaryotes
Cell Division in Eukaryotes
Cell Cycle
Process of making new cells
Binary Fission ... 1 - Chromosome attached to membrane of the ce…
2 types (Mitosis and Meiosis)
3 stages... 1 - Interphase (has 3 stages)... 2 - Mitosis (has 4 sta…
Cell Division
Process of making new cells
Cell Division in Prokaryotes
Binary Fission ... 1 - Chromosome attached to membrane of the ce…
22 terms
Cell Life Cycle
Purpose of Mitosis
Purpose of Meiosis
gametes
haploid
"my toe grows"... growth and repair
"me wants a baby"... sexual reproduction... make gametes
sex cells ... egg and sperm
only one set of chromosomes... gametes
Purpose of Mitosis
"my toe grows"... growth and repair
Purpose of Meiosis
"me wants a baby"... sexual reproduction... make gametes
10 terms
The Cell Life Cycle
G₁ phase
Cell life cycle
Interphase
Centrioles
The first part of interphase in which the cell is metabolical…
Is the series of changes a cell goes through
Period in which the cell grows and carries on its usual activ…
Begin to replicate near the end of G₁ phase and finish replic…
G₁ phase
The first part of interphase in which the cell is metabolical…
Cell life cycle
Is the series of changes a cell goes through
10 terms
Life Science Cell Cycle Quiz Review
binary fission
cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
series of events that eukaryotic cells go through as they gro…
First step of the cell cycle where DNA replicates, cell grows…
2nd Step of Cell division in which the nucleus divides into n…
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
cell cycle
series of events that eukaryotic cells go through as they gro…
13 terms
The Cell Cycle- Life cycle of cells
G1- Gap 1
G1 checkpoint
S phase- Synthesis
G2- Gap 2
Cell grows ... Organelles double ... Making ATP ... Making proteins
Cell size... Organelles double
DNA doubles... Chromosomes double
DNA doubles
G1- Gap 1
Cell grows ... Organelles double ... Making ATP ... Making proteins
G1 checkpoint
Cell size... Organelles double
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
20 terms
biology vocabulary:cell cycle HEB
Cell cycle
Spindle
Prophase
Synthesis
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
A newwork of microtubes which appears during mitosis; it help…
First and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic mater…
The production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler…
Cell cycle
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
Spindle
A newwork of microtubes which appears during mitosis; it help…
15 terms
Cell Cycle: Cell Biology
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
m phase (mitosis)
mitosis stage 1
dividing cell into 2
1 - Interphase ... 2 - Mitosis ... 3 - Cytokinesis
cells divides copied DNA to make 2 new cells
prophase- each copy of the DNA is tightly condensed and each…
Cell Division
dividing cell into 2
Cell Cycle
1 - Interphase ... 2 - Mitosis ... 3 - Cytokinesis
27 terms
Life Science - The Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
Interphase
Histones
The cell spends most of its time in ____________ of Interphase.
Interphase:... During ______________________, DNA is replicated
During _________________, the cell is growing and conducting…
In the nucleus, DNA is organized around proteins called _____…
G1 Phase
The cell spends most of its time in ____________ of Interphase.
S Phase
Interphase:... During ______________________, DNA is replicated
23 terms
The Life Cycles of Cells
anaphase
prophase
telophase
interphase
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
After the chromosome separates, the cell seals off, Final Pha…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
anaphase
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
prophase
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
13 terms
Life Cycle of the Cell
Interphase
G1
S
G2
-normal cell growth... -G1, S, G2
-grow, metabolize, develop
-synthesize DNA, DNA replications, prep for division
-more metabolism, more prep for division
Interphase
-normal cell growth... -G1, S, G2
G1
-grow, metabolize, develop
28 terms
Biology-Cell cycle
apoptosis
binary fission
blastocyst
carcinogen
programmed cell death
Asexual reproduction in unicellular organisms
A hollow structure, in early embryonic development, with some…
Substance that causes abnormal tissue growth or neoplasms
apoptosis
programmed cell death
binary fission
Asexual reproduction in unicellular organisms
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