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Study sets matching "vocab cells biology life"

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Study sets matching "vocab cells biology life"

22 terms
Biology Cells and Cell Life
First Part of Cell Theory
Second Part of Cell Theory
Third Part of Cell Theory
3 Main Parts of the Cell
All organisms are made of cells
The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life
All cells arise from pre-existing cells.
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
First Part of Cell Theory
All organisms are made of cells
Second Part of Cell Theory
The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life
9 terms
5th science vocabulary: Life science: cell biology
cell division
meiosis
mitosis
organ
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
a type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and ha…
cell division
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
meiosis
a type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Biology Quiz: Life/Cells
Characteristics of Life
Characteristics of Life
Characteristics of Life
Characteristics of life
Have cellular organization
Metabolize food for energy (autotroph/heterotroph)
Contain hereditary material
Reproduce, develop, grow
Characteristics of Life
Have cellular organization
Characteristics of Life
Metabolize food for energy (autotroph/heterotroph)
28 terms
Introduction to Biology - Life and Cells!
Biology
7 Characteristics of Life
Organism
Cells
The study of life.
The characteristics that determine whether something is alive…
A living thing.
The basic building blocks of life. All living things are made…
Biology
The study of life.
7 Characteristics of Life
The characteristics that determine whether something is alive…
53 terms
Inquiry into Life Chapter 3: Cell Biology
The Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Capsule/slime layer
Flagella/Flagellum
All organisms are made up of living units called cells. ... Cell…
absence of a membrane-bound nucleus; smaller; generally unice…
(in Prokaryotic Cells) sugar coat
(Energy-related organelle) long, help some bacteria, sperm, a…
The Cell Theory
All organisms are made up of living units called cells. ... Cell…
Prokaryotic Cells
absence of a membrane-bound nucleus; smaller; generally unice…
140 terms
AP Biology Cells/Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Cells
Light Microscopes
Electron Microscopes
Eukaryotic Cells
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things.
Instrument for viewing cells that uses visible light to illum…
Reveals organelles that light microscopes cannot do but cell…
Cells with internal membranes that compartmentalize their fun…
Cells
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things.
Light Microscopes
Instrument for viewing cells that uses visible light to illum…
35 terms
biology cell life cycle
cell cycle
interphase
gap 1 interphase
synthesis interphase
regular pattern of growth and division
period of growth in which a cell may prepare for cell divisio…
cell increases in size and organelles increase in number
DNA/ chromatin replicates
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth and division
interphase
period of growth in which a cell may prepare for cell divisio…
27 terms
Life Science - Cell Biology
cells
cell theory
gametes
sex cells
Basic units of structure and function in living things
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. ie. Sex cells
Gametes ie. Sex cells. Egg or sperm
cells
Basic units of structure and function in living things
cell theory
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
42 terms
Cell Biology: The Life of a Cell
embryonic stem cell (ESC)
differentiate
progenitor
pluripotency
true human stem cell capable of producing an entire human; pr…
cells become more restricted in which types of adult cells pr…
maintains a degree of pluripotency
ability to regenerate itself
embryonic stem cell (ESC)
true human stem cell capable of producing an entire human; pr…
differentiate
cells become more restricted in which types of adult cells pr…
15 terms
Cell Biology-Molecules of life
The 4 main elements of life
Important elements for life
Name 4 special properties of Carbon
Molecules of life
C,O,H,N
P,K,S,Ca,Fe,Mg,Na,Cl
1. 4 valence electrons... 2. Long chain molecules... 3. Different c…
Water, macrolmolecules, ions and small molecules, protein, nu…
The 4 main elements of life
C,O,H,N
Important elements for life
P,K,S,Ca,Fe,Mg,Na,Cl
43 terms
Biology - Life processes and cells
Active transport
Aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
antibodies
the process by wich dissolved molecules move across a cell me…
respiration that requires oxygen
respiration that occurs in the absence of oxygen.
proteins produced by the body's immune system that attack for…
Active transport
the process by wich dissolved molecules move across a cell me…
Aerobic respiration
respiration that requires oxygen
33 terms
Biology: Life, Microscopes, and Types of Cells
Homeostasis
Organization of Cells
Growth
Stimulus Response
the ability to maintain constant internal conditions (ex: swe…
1. unicellular- single celled life... (ex: bacteria, amoeba, par…
"getting better" ... 1. Development= series of physical changes…
anything in an environment that causes an organism to react... (…
Homeostasis
the ability to maintain constant internal conditions (ex: swe…
Organization of Cells
1. unicellular- single celled life... (ex: bacteria, amoeba, par…
28 terms
Biology: Characteristics of life and cells
organelles
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
cell part that performs specific functions for the cell
controls the movement of nutrients, 02 and wastes in and out…
contains water, cytoskeleton and organelles
transfers energy from organic compounds into ATP
organelles
cell part that performs specific functions for the cell
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
controls the movement of nutrients, 02 and wastes in and out…
17 terms
Biology Cell Life Cycle
Gamete
Somatic Cells
Fertilization
Zygote
A general name given to a sexual reproductive cell
All body cells but the gametes
The union of two unlike gametes (Sperm and Egg)
A fertilized egg
Gamete
A general name given to a sexual reproductive cell
Somatic Cells
All body cells but the gametes
13 terms
Biology Cells and Life II
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Cellular Respiration
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy
plants, do photosynthesis
animals and humans, don`t do photosynthesis
releases energy of food to make ATP, which provides cells wit…
Photosynthesis
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy
Autotrophs
plants, do photosynthesis
82 terms
Cell Biology-Life University
Cell Theory
What is the smallest living organism?
What is transcription?
What are the 7 characteristics of Livi…
all cells are fundamental part of living things. All cells co…
The cell
DNA---->RNA
1. Composed of Cells... 2. Complex & Ordered... 3. Respond to the E…
Cell Theory
all cells are fundamental part of living things. All cells co…
What is the smallest living organism?
The cell
8 terms
Biology | Cells | Functions of Life
Nutrition
Metabolism
Extretion
Growth
when energy is obtained from the environment for growth and r…
physical and chemical processes occurring in living organism
getting rid of waste metabolic products
increase of dry mass and size increase
Nutrition
when energy is obtained from the environment for growth and r…
Metabolism
physical and chemical processes occurring in living organism
21 terms
CELL BIOLOGY: functions of life
Metabolism
Response
Homeostasis
Growth
All the chemical pathways that take place in the cell to buil…
Reactions given to stimuli to help survival
Maintaining a constant internal environment
Increasing the cell size or number of cells
Metabolism
All the chemical pathways that take place in the cell to buil…
Response
Reactions given to stimuli to help survival
11 terms
Biology life of a cell
Excretion
Secretion
Digestion
Respiration
To remove liquid and solid waste products ... Organs: lungs (co2…
To place substances outside of the cell or organ where they c…
To break down large food molecules into smaller more useful m…
To bring 02 into the body to use o2 in breaking down glucose…
Excretion
To remove liquid and solid waste products ... Organs: lungs (co2…
Secretion
To place substances outside of the cell or organ where they c…
32 terms
Biology// Chemistry of Life and Cells
When water splits apart what ions are…
Water is neutral because
The pH is scale is
Acidic solutions are solutions with
Hydrogen Ions
OH- ions and H+ ions are equal
devised to indicated concentration in a solution
high H+ ion concentration, low pH numbers 0-6
When water splits apart what ions are…
Hydrogen Ions
Water is neutral because
OH- ions and H+ ions are equal
36 terms
Biology 3rd Midterm Review: Cell Life Cycle
Prophase
Prophase
Prophase
Prophase
Centrioles migrate to the poles
Prophase
Prophase
21 terms
Biology 1: Chapter 9: The Life Cycles of Cells & Reproduction | Vocabulary
interphase
G1 (growth) phase
S (synthesis) phase
G2 (gap) phase
A long period of the cell cycle between one cell division and…
The first phase of interphase in which a cell does most of it…
The second phase of interphase in which a new copy of the cel…
The phase stage of interphase in which many of the organelles…
interphase
A long period of the cell cycle between one cell division and…
G1 (growth) phase
The first phase of interphase in which a cell does most of it…
12 terms
Biology characteristics of life and the cell
Robert hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Pilli
Cillia and flagella
Who discovered cells?
Who was the first person to observe living cells?
What structure allows bacterial cells to stick to surfaces?
What two cell structures allow cells to move through their en…
Robert hooke
Who discovered cells?
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Who was the first person to observe living cells?
43 terms
Biology, The basis of life: the cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Rudolph Virchow
cell theory
invented the first compound microscope (two lenses), observed…
used a single lensed microscope and was able to see living or…
theorized that all cells must arise from other pre-existing c…
all organisms are made of cells, all cells carry life process…
Robert Hooke
invented the first compound microscope (two lenses), observed…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
used a single lensed microscope and was able to see living or…
98 terms
Biology - Cells, the Basic Unit of Life
cells
cells
cell theory, microscope
1665
There is a common structure that makes up all living things...
__________ are the basic unit of life.
The ________ ______________ grew out of the work of many scie…
What year was the first cells discovered by Hooke while study…
cells
There is a common structure that makes up all living things...
cells
__________ are the basic unit of life.
31 terms
Biology Life cycle of the cell
Reproductive cells
Somatic cells
Chromosome
Diploid chromosome number
Gametes
All other cells in body except reproductive cells
Mass of DNA, contains blueprints for all structures and funct…
Total number of chromosomes in the nucleus of each somatic ce…
Reproductive cells
Gametes
Somatic cells
All other cells in body except reproductive cells
46 terms
The Life of a Cell Biology
Cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Simple light microscope
Compound light microscopes
the basic building blocks of all living things
The first person to record looking at water under a microscope
contained one lens and used natural light to view objects ; t…
use a series of lenses to magnify objects in steps
Cells
the basic building blocks of all living things
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
The first person to record looking at water under a microscope
112 terms
Chemistry of Life and Cell Biology
carbon
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
chemical bonds
-considered to be the central atom of organic compounds ... -ato…
-always contain carbon ... -molecules that are found in or produ…
-most do NOT contain carbon, but some do ... -tend to be more so…
-the attractive forces that bind atoms together, forming mole…
carbon
-considered to be the central atom of organic compounds ... -ato…
organic molecules
-always contain carbon ... -molecules that are found in or produ…
52 terms
Life Science: Cells Biology
organic compound
macromolecules
carbohydrates
protein
An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous…
Biological macromolecules, the large molecules necessary for…
Carbohydrates are the sugars, starches and fibers found in fr…
any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist…
organic compound
An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous…
macromolecules
Biological macromolecules, the large molecules necessary for…
38 terms
Biology life and cells
The metric system is based on powers o…
A meter = what in cm ml and kilometers?
What is an Image produced by a microsc…
Fuzzy images view through microscope a…
10
100 cm... 1000ml... .001kilometers
Micrograph
Poor resolution
The metric system is based on powers o…
10
A meter = what in cm ml and kilometers?
100 cm... 1000ml... .001kilometers
84 terms
Biology - life processes, cells
cell
multicellular
feed
excrete
komórka
organizm wielokomórkowy
odżywiać się
wydalać
cell
komórka
multicellular
organizm wielokomórkowy
11 terms
Biology: Cells and Life
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Asexual
Sexual
Glucose + Oxygen produces Carbon Dioxide + Water + Adenosine
Carbon Dioxide + Water produces Glucose + Oxygen
New organism has a single parent, takes less energy, without…
Two parent organisms, share genetic information
Aerobic Respiration
Glucose + Oxygen produces Carbon Dioxide + Water + Adenosine
Anaerobic Respiration
Carbon Dioxide + Water produces Glucose + Oxygen
56 terms
Biology Life Functions/Cells
Hererotrophic
Autotrophic
Growth
Must find and ingest food (humans, animals)
Can make food (photosynthesis)
Repair/Replace tissue
Hererotrophic
Must find and ingest food (humans, animals)
Autotrophic
Can make food (photosynthesis)
18 terms
Biology - Life, Cells & Processes
Movement
Reproduction
Sensitivity
Homeostasis
the process of motion
recreating your species
feeling and being aware of other stimuli
the maintenance of a constant internal environment
Movement
the process of motion
Reproduction
recreating your species
24 terms
Biology Cell Life Cycle
Gamete
Somatic Cells
Fertilization
Zygote
A general name given to a sexual reproductive cell
All body cells but the gametes
The union of two unlike gametes (Sperm and Egg)
A fertilized egg
Gamete
A general name given to a sexual reproductive cell
Somatic Cells
All body cells but the gametes
52 terms
Biology 10H: The Basis of Life: The Cell
The Cell Theory
Organelles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
All organisms are made of cells, all new cells carry on life…
The components of the cell
Contains DNA (genetic material), control center for the cell
Makes ribosomes (rRNA), found in eukaryotic cells, brain of t…
The Cell Theory
All organisms are made of cells, all new cells carry on life…
Organelles
The components of the cell
19 terms
Biology: Inner Life Of The Cell
light microscope
electron microscope
cell
plasma or cell membrane
specimen must be thin enough for light to pass through it
has high magnification and resolution
most basic unit of life
cover's the cell's surface. all material's enter or exit thro…
light microscope
specimen must be thin enough for light to pass through it
electron microscope
has high magnification and resolution
8 terms
Functions of Life- Cell Biology
Nutrition
Metabolism
Growth
Response
obtaining food, provides energy and the materials needed for…
chemical reactions inside the cell, including cell respiratio…
irreversible increase in size
reacts to changes in the environment
Nutrition
obtaining food, provides energy and the materials needed for…
Metabolism
chemical reactions inside the cell, including cell respiratio…
Biology - cells: functions of life
Nutrition
Metabolism
Growth
Excretion
autotrophic (make own food) or heterotrophic (feed on other o…
chemical processes within organisms' cell (processing of nutr…
increasing cell number (cell division)
discharging the waste from metabolism
Nutrition
autotrophic (make own food) or heterotrophic (feed on other o…
Metabolism
chemical processes within organisms' cell (processing of nutr…
53 terms
Biology Exam (cell life)
What are cells
What are the two different types of ce…
Describe eukaryotic cells
Describe prokaryotic cells
the smallest and most basic unit of life
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
complex, multicellular, found in animals, plants, and fungi
simple, unicellular, found in bacteria
What are cells
the smallest and most basic unit of life
What are the two different types of ce…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
12 terms
BIology- cells of life
Bacteria
Archaea
Eukarya
Cell Theory
Bacteria constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorgani…
microorganisms which are similar to bacteria in size and simp…
A eukaryote is any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and…
All organisms are made of cells and the products of cells. Al…
Bacteria
Bacteria constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorgani…
Archaea
microorganisms which are similar to bacteria in size and simp…
53 terms
Cell Biology - Matter of Life
4 molecules that represent life:
What is ATP?
Why is ATP important?
Cells have a membrane that allows thin…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids and Lipids
It is a molecule that is the source of energy for all cells (…
provides a form of chemical energy that is usable by all body…
selectively permeable
4 molecules that represent life:
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids and Lipids
What is ATP?
It is a molecule that is the source of energy for all cells (…
32 terms
Biology: Characteristics of Life & The Cell
cell
organ
organism
mutation
basic unit of structure and organization of all living things
groups of tissues working together to do a job
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
permanent change in cells
cell
basic unit of structure and organization of all living things
organ
groups of tissues working together to do a job
32 terms
Biology- Cell Life (HS Version)
Karyotype
Diploid
Haploid
Homologous Chromosomes
Mapping of Human Chromosomes
2 nuclei with 46 chromosomes
1 nucleus with 23 chromosomes
a pair of chromosomes that have the same structure, sequence…
Karyotype
Mapping of Human Chromosomes
Diploid
2 nuclei with 46 chromosomes
77 terms
Biology Cells and The Energy of Life
3 parts of the cell theory
3 Common Structural features of cells
4 Common Molecular features of cells
2 Common Functional features of cells
1. All living things will have at least one cell.... 2. Cells ar…
1. Plasma Membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Ribosomes
1. Proteins... 2. Carbohydrates... 3. Lipids... 4. Nucleic Acids
1. Ability to survive on their own... 2. Ability to reproduce on…
3 parts of the cell theory
1. All living things will have at least one cell.... 2. Cells ar…
3 Common Structural features of cells
1. Plasma Membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Ribosomes
25 terms
A cells life (biology)
Stages that a cell goes through during…
T/f Cells spend different amounts of t…
What stage do cells spend the majority…
During interphase what is the cell doing
Cell cycle
True
Interphase
It's normal function and getting ready to divide
Stages that a cell goes through during…
Cell cycle
T/f Cells spend different amounts of t…
True
33 terms
Biology: Life, Microscopes, and Types of Cells
Homeostasis
Organization of Cells
Growth
Stimulus Response
the ability to maintain constant internal conditions (ex: swe…
1. unicellular- single celled life... (ex: bacteria, amoeba, par…
"getting better" ... 1. Development= series of physical changes…
anything in an environment that causes an organism to react... (…
Homeostasis
the ability to maintain constant internal conditions (ex: swe…
Organization of Cells
1. unicellular- single celled life... (ex: bacteria, amoeba, par…
13 terms
Biology: Energy of Life Cell Cycle
Interphase
Sister Chromatids
Prophase
Metaphase
-most of cells life spent here... -gap 1 (G1) cell growth protei…
a copy of each chromosome made in DNA replication. held toget…
-chromosomes coil and appear visible... -nuclear envelope begins…
-spindle fibers form and attach to chromosomes at the centrom…
Interphase
-most of cells life spent here... -gap 1 (G1) cell growth protei…
Sister Chromatids
a copy of each chromosome made in DNA replication. held toget…
Biology-Cells & life key words
Cell membrane
Chloroplasts
Endoplasmic reticulum
Mitochondria
Boundary layer that controls the entry and exit of materials.
Organelle that is the sure of photosynthesis. Contains chloro…
Tubular network that transports substances between and within…
Site of cell respiration, a process that releases energy in t…
Cell membrane
Boundary layer that controls the entry and exit of materials.
Chloroplasts
Organelle that is the sure of photosynthesis. Contains chloro…
40 terms
Unit C - Cell Biology- SEPUP Issues and Life Science - Test Prep
Infectious
Trade-offs
Disease
Carrier
A disease that is passed from one organism to another.
Potential outcome of any type of decision or action that invo…
A breakdown in the structure and function of a living organism.
An organism that carries and transmits a disease without exhi…
Infectious
A disease that is passed from one organism to another.
Trade-offs
Potential outcome of any type of decision or action that invo…
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