Study sets matching "vocab cells biology"

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Study sets matching "vocab cells biology"

37 terms
Cell Biology Vocabulary
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
cell membrane
nucleus
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
A protective barrier made up of proteins and lipids (fats) th…
Organelle in eukaryotic cells which contains the cell's DNA.
prokaryotic cell
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
eukaryotic cell
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
38 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
genes
DNA
chromosomes
nucleotide
the information-containing... elements that determine the charac…
two long polynucleotide... chains, each composed of four types o…
a sugar-phosphate covalently linked to a base(adenine, cytoci…
genes
the information-containing... elements that determine the charac…
DNA
two long polynucleotide... chains, each composed of four types o…
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
Biology Cells Vocabulary
Cell Membrane
Centrioles
Chromatin
Cytoplasm
Control what enters and leaves the cell. Made of phospholipids.
Help in cell division in animal cells.
Made of DNA and protein.
Liquid portion of the cell.
Cell Membrane
Control what enters and leaves the cell. Made of phospholipids.
Centrioles
Help in cell division in animal cells.
16 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
51 terms
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
Catalyst
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Respiration that requires oxygen
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration that does not require oxygen
24 terms
Biology - Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
Cilia
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell.
Made of micro tubules that function during cell division.
Numerous projections that look like hairs.
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Cell Wall
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell.
18 terms
Biology (Cells)
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
eukaryotic cells such as protozoa, fun…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells both…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleous, multicellar, can b…
cell walls, plasma membranes, cytoplasm, organelles, flagella…
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
21 terms
Cell Vocabulary - Biology 1
Plasma membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
rigid support structure of a cellulose
region from the outside of the nucleus to the plasma membrane
jelly-like substance that fills the cell
Plasma membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
Cell wall
rigid support structure of a cellulose
97 terms
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
Biology Cells and Cell Transport Vocabulary
nucleus
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
control center of the cell; contains genetic information
surrounds the cell membrane in plant and fungal cells; provid…
regulates the flow of the materials in and out of the cell co…
jelly like material that fills most of the cell; site of bioc…
nucleus
control center of the cell; contains genetic information
cell wall
surrounds the cell membrane in plant and fungal cells; provid…
6 terms
Cell Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
mitochondria
nucleus
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell gets all it's…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Biology Vocabulary: Cell Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Phospholipid
organelle
a single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus…
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
consist of a glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, and a phosph…
are found only in eukaryotic cells and are absent from the ce…
Prokaryote
a single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus…
Eukaryote
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
Biology - Cells Vocabulary
Cytoskeleton
Flagella
Cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
maintain cell shape
movement
watery substance in which organelles of a cell are suspended
controls what enters and exits the cell
Cytoskeleton
maintain cell shape
Flagella
movement
12 terms
Biology Cell Vocabulary
Receptor Mediated Endocytosis
Cell Lysis
Aquaporin
Plasmolysis
The movement of specific molecules into a cell by the inward…
disruption of cell membranes, resulting in damage to the cell
Protein channels for the transport of water through the membr…
Collapse of a walled cell's cytoplasm due to a lack of water,…
Receptor Mediated Endocytosis
The movement of specific molecules into a cell by the inward…
Cell Lysis
disruption of cell membranes, resulting in damage to the cell
Cells Vocabulary / Biology
Cell
Organelle
Robert Hooke
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
Any number of organized or specialized structures within a li…
In the 1600's this man examined a cork cell (plant) under a m…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
Organelle
Any number of organized or specialized structures within a li…
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
Cell Biology Vocabulary
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
cell membrane
nucleus
does not have a nucleus. Has a cell membrane, organelles, cyt…
has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well as a cell membrane,…
A protective barrier made up of proteins and lipids (fats) th…
Organelle in eukaryotic cells which contains the cell's DNA.
prokaryotic cell
does not have a nucleus. Has a cell membrane, organelles, cyt…
eukaryotic cell
has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well as a cell membrane,…
22 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Cells
Selectively Permeable
Phospholipid Bilayer
fluid Mosaic Models
diffusion
features of the plasma membrane that maintain homeostasis wit…
the plasma membrane is composed of which is two layers of pho…
property of the plasma membrane wherein many similar molecule…
net random movement of particles from an area of higher conce…
Selectively Permeable
features of the plasma membrane that maintain homeostasis wit…
Phospholipid Bilayer
the plasma membrane is composed of which is two layers of pho…
Krausz Biology- Cells Vocabulary
eukaryote
nucleus
prokaryote
fluid mosaic model
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
Structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
19 terms
Biology Cell
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
-outer part of the cell ... -holds in the cell parts and control…
-outside of the cell membrane... -protects the cell and helps ma…
-takes up the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane…
-in an animal cell it is located in the center... -in a plant ce…
Cell membrane
-outer part of the cell ... -holds in the cell parts and control…
Cell wall
-outside of the cell membrane... -protects the cell and helps ma…
Cell Biology
Chlorophyll
Enzyme
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy. Essential…
A biological catalyst that speeds up the rate of chemical rea…
The semipermeable lipid bilayer surrounding the cytoplasm of…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains the cell…
Chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy. Essential…
Enzyme
A biological catalyst that speeds up the rate of chemical rea…
Biology cell vocabulary
cell membrane
Cell wall
lipid bilayedr
concentration
Thin,flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters an…
Strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
Double- layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell…
The mass of solute in a given
cell membrane
Thin,flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters an…
Cell wall
Strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
Cell Biology Unit One-vocabulary
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Theory
Homeostasis
Process of explaining natural phenomenon starting with identi…
Educated guess that must be testable.
Hypothesis that has been backed up with evidence and has scie…
Process of trying to keep internal conditions stable (example…
Scientific Method
Process of explaining natural phenomenon starting with identi…
Hypothesis
Educated guess that must be testable.
22 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
38 terms
Biology- Cells
organelles
cell membrane
peripheral proteins
integral proteins
cell parts that perform a specific function; help to maintain…
thin layer that separates the cell from its surroundings... 5 t…
located on the internal and external surfaces of the cell mem…
are embedded in the bilayer. may have carbs attached to join…
organelles
cell parts that perform a specific function; help to maintain…
cell membrane
thin layer that separates the cell from its surroundings... 5 t…
Ch 3 Cells Biology Vocabulary
cytoplasm
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
nucleus
All of the cellular material inside the plasma membrane. Made…
A cell that contains a nucleus and other organelles.
A cell without a nucleus that is found in single-celled organ…
The organelle inside eukaryotic cells that contains most of t…
cytoplasm
All of the cellular material inside the plasma membrane. Made…
eukaryotic cell
A cell that contains a nucleus and other organelles.
24 terms
Biology Cell Vocabulary
cell wall
mitochondria
chloroplast
selectively permeable
rigid/stiff outer layer that supports the cell. Only in plant…
Powerhouse of the cell. Gives the cell energy
Converts sunlight into energy in plant cells.
Allows some things to pass across the cell membrane, but not…
cell wall
rigid/stiff outer layer that supports the cell. Only in plant…
mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell. Gives the cell energy
Cell Biology
organelles
mitochondria
cytoplasm
cell membrane
"little organs" that perform special functions withing a cell
Spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm…
The jelly-like substance in a cell that contains the cytosol,…
the outer covering of the cell consisting of a lipid bilayer…
organelles
"little organs" that perform special functions withing a cell
mitochondria
Spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm…
48 terms
Biology Unit-2: The Cell - Key Vocabulary
cell
Cell Theory
prokaryote
eukaryote
the basic unit of all forms of life
the fundamental concept of biology that states that all livin…
unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
organism whose cells contain a nucleus
cell
the basic unit of all forms of life
Cell Theory
the fundamental concept of biology that states that all livin…
69 terms
Biology: cells
Where is the plasma membrane found?
Function of the plasma/cell membrane
Description of the plasma/cell membrane
Where is the cell wall found?
Plants and animals
Controls movement of materials in and out of the cell. Helps…
Made up of two layers of lipids and protein. Flexible boundar…
Plants
Where is the plasma membrane found?
Plants and animals
Function of the plasma/cell membrane
Controls movement of materials in and out of the cell. Helps…
Cell Vocabulary Biology 10th Grade
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Lipids
Contains DNA—is the control center of the cell
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
Fats and oils consumed in small quantities give some energy.…
Nucleus
Contains DNA—is the control center of the cell
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
13 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Cell Transport
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Semi-Permeable
Transport requires energy.... Low to high concentration.... Materia…
Transport doesn't require energy.... High to low concentration.…
Movement of materials from an area of high to low concentrati…
Selectively permeable.
Active Transport
Transport requires energy.... Low to high concentration.... Materia…
Passive Transport
Transport doesn't require energy.... High to low concentration.…
Biology Cell Vocabulary
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Control-brain (DNA)
Ribosomes (Makes RNA "worker")
Cell-nucleus ("Cytoskeleton" moving)
Plants Structure
Nucleus
Control-brain (DNA)
Nucleolus
Ribosomes (Makes RNA "worker")
21 terms
Cell Biology
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Theodore Schwann
Mattias Schleiden
First person to see cells.
Observed living cells in pond water, which he called "animalc…
Zoologist who observed that tissues of animals had cells.
Botanist who observed that the tissues of plants contained ce…
Robert Hooke
First person to see cells.
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Observed living cells in pond water, which he called "animalc…
72 terms
Unit 1: Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
25 terms
Biology - Cell Transport Vocabulary
Active Transport
Isotonic
Fluid Mosaic
Homeostasis
Moving things across the cell membrane USING the cell's own e…
A solution that has the same concentration as the inside of t…
The cell membrane is made up of not only phospholipids but ot…
Processes where a cell maintains an even internal environment.
Active Transport
Moving things across the cell membrane USING the cell's own e…
Isotonic
A solution that has the same concentration as the inside of t…
Biology: Cell Processes Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Fermentation
is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert li…
that require the presence of oxygen to live.
incomplete intracellular breakdown of sugar or other organic…
Fermentation is making ATP without oxygen, which involves gly…
Photosynthesis
is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert li…
Aerobic
that require the presence of oxygen to live.
Essential Cell Biology Chapter 18: Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
M phase
G1 phase
S phase
1) Cell growth and chromosome replication... 2) Chromosome segre…
•mitosis, cytokinesis
•protein synthesis, growth, decision about cell division
•DNA synthesis
Cell Cycle
1) Cell growth and chromosome replication... 2) Chromosome segre…
M phase
•mitosis, cytokinesis
Cell Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Facilitated Diffusion
Selectively Permeable
Active Transport
Endocytosis
Allows molecules in or out that wouldn't normally be able to…
Allows some molecules to pass through while other molecules c…
Movement of molecules from low to high concentration. Energy…
Taking molecules into cells against the concentration gradient
Facilitated Diffusion
Allows molecules in or out that wouldn't normally be able to…
Selectively Permeable
Allows some molecules to pass through while other molecules c…
17 terms
Biology: Cell Transport Vocabulary
Concentration Gradient
Dynamic Equalibrium
Solution
Solvent
The difference between the two concentrations
When the concentrations have equalled out
Contains both solvent and solute
What the solute is dissolved in
Concentration Gradient
The difference between the two concentrations
Dynamic Equalibrium
When the concentrations have equalled out
Cell Biology Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Basic units of all life
All living things, Cells are the basic units of structure and…
Thin, flexible barrier around the cell
Stronger layer around the cell membrane
Cell
Basic units of all life
Cell Theory
All living things, Cells are the basic units of structure and…
21 terms
Cell Biology Vocabulary
Cell Theory
Cell
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Cell theory is comprised of 3 parts... All living organisms are…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism... a…
cell that's nucleus is surrounded by a membrane
cell that has no nuclear membrane, nor specialized organelles
Cell Theory
Cell theory is comprised of 3 parts... All living organisms are…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism... a…
Cell Biology Vocabulary
Microscope
Lens/Lenses
Cell Theory
Organelle
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
clear, curved pieces of glass or plastic used in eyeglasses
a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
carry out specific functions within the cell
Microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
Lens/Lenses
clear, curved pieces of glass or plastic used in eyeglasses
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Simple Diffusion
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi bodies/apparatus
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Form of passive transport in which molecules move from an are…
Network of folded membranes with or without ribosomes where p…
An organelle in the cytoplasm that modifies and packages secr…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Simple Diffusion
Form of passive transport in which molecules move from an are…
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
18 terms
Biology Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Microtubules
Centriole
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
Microscopic tubular structure present in numbers in the cytop…
A minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cel…
Cell
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism.
Cell Membrane
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
30 terms
AP Biology-Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Anaphase
Anchorage dependence
Aster
Binary fission
one of the stages in cell division that occurs in both mitosi…
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
Playing a major role in animal cell mitosis, are a radial arr…
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Anaphase
one of the stages in cell division that occurs in both mitosi…
Anchorage dependence
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
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