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Study sets matching "vocab chemistry life"

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Study sets matching "vocab chemistry life"

30 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary Review
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Building blocks of proteins.
A group of organic compounds that include sugars and starches.
the force that holds two atoms together.
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
Amino Acid
Building blocks of proteins.
Carbohydrate
A group of organic compounds that include sugars and starches.
49 terms
Chemistry of life Vocabulary
Acid
Adhesion
Amine
Amino Acid
Solution with a pH less than 7. Contains more H+ ions
Property of water that allows it to stick to other substances…
Group that contains nitrogen and 2 hydrogen. Part of an amino…
Monomer (building block) of proteins.
Acid
Solution with a pH less than 7. Contains more H+ ions
Adhesion
Property of water that allows it to stick to other substances…
7 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
carbohydrate
molecule
nucleic acid
basic particles that all living and nonliving things are made…
molecule used to make energy. It includes sugars, starches an…
group of atoms that are held together by chemical bonds
molecule that carries information in cells ex. DNA
atom
basic particles that all living and nonliving things are made…
carbohydrate
molecule used to make energy. It includes sugars, starches an…
23 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
macromolecule
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Any of the group of organic compounds consisting of carbon, h…
macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
23 terms
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Macromolecule
Monomer
polymer
Carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
the building block of polymers
Long molecule made of monomers linked by covalent bonds (form…
polymers of sugars; includes polysaccharides
Macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Monomer
the building block of polymers
23 terms
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Macromolecule
Monomer
polymer
Carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
the building block of polymers
Long molecule made of monomers linked by covalent bonds (form…
polymers of sugars; includes polysaccharides
Macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Monomer
the building block of polymers
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Acid
Atom
Base
Compound
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
The basic unit of a chemical element.
Substances that accept protons from acids
made up or consisting of several parts or elements.
Acid
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element.
15 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
pH scale
carbohydrate
lipid
nucleic acid
measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydr…
structure: made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; rat…
structure: made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms; contai…
structure: containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and…
pH scale
measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydr…
carbohydrate
structure: made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; rat…
17 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Element
Compound
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contain the protons and neutron;…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
a substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more…
Atom
the basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of an atom, which contain the protons and neutron;…
28 terms
Chemistry Of Life Vocabulary 1
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
polarity
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the attraction between molecules of different substance
a force caused by the cohesion of water molecules,making it p…
a property of a molecule of having uneven distribution of ele…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
the attraction between molecules of different substance
40 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
electron
atom
nucleus
compound
negatively charged particle
the basic unit of matter
the center of that atom that contains protons and neutrons
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
electron
negatively charged particle
atom
the basic unit of matter
31 terms
Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Proton
basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
positively charged particle; located in the nucleus
Atom
basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
23 terms
Chemistry of life vocabulary
macromolecule
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Broken down to simple sugars
macromolecule
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
160 terms
Unit 1 Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
element
compound
trace element
four elements that make up 96% of livi…
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
element required by an organism only in minute quantities... -al…
C, O, H, N
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
compound
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
23 terms
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Broken down to simple sugars
Macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
22 terms
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Acid
Atom
Base
Compound
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
The basic unit of a chemical element.
Substances that accept protons from acids
made up or consisting of several parts or elements.
Acid
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element.
34 terms
Chemistry of life Vocabulary
compound
Enzyme
Covalent bond
product
is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are…
macromolecular biological catalysts. accelerate, or catalyze,…
A chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electron…
the substance(s) which are produced by a reaction.
compound
is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are…
Enzyme
macromolecular biological catalysts. accelerate, or catalyze,…
37 terms
Chemistry of Life/Biochemistry Vocabulary
Compound
Enzyme
Covalent Bond
Product
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
16 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
pH
acid
base
metabolism
measure of how acidic or basic a substance is
a solution that forms H+ ions in water, pH is less than 7
a solution that forms OH- ions in water; PH greater than 7
all of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
pH
measure of how acidic or basic a substance is
acid
a solution that forms H+ ions in water, pH is less than 7
21 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Fatty Acid
Glycerol
An organic compound that contains at least one amino group -N…
A macromolecule within in foods and living tissues such as su…
Molecules that form long chains of lipid-carboxylic acid foun…
A colorless, odorless, syrupy C3 H8 O3, usually obtained by t…
Amino Acid
An organic compound that contains at least one amino group -N…
Carbohydrate
A macromolecule within in foods and living tissues such as su…
56 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Smallest unit of element and they make up everything.
Positive charged atom.
Neutral charged atom.
Negative charged atom.
Atom
Smallest unit of element and they make up everything.
Proton
Positive charged atom.
32 terms
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
33 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Chemical bond
Chemical formula
Covalent bond
Element
Holds the atoms in compounds together; formation involves the…
Kind of shorthand scientists show composition of compounds with
Forms when moving electrons travel about the nuclei of both a…
Pure substance that consists of one type of atom
Chemical bond
Holds the atoms in compounds together; formation involves the…
Chemical formula
Kind of shorthand scientists show composition of compounds with
28 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
35 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary Chapter 2
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
20 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting in the transfer of an electron
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
The Chemistry of Life
subatomic particles
nucleus (atomic)
proton
neutron
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
positively-charged subatomic particle; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particle with no charge; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
nucleus (atomic)
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
30 terms
Ch. 2 The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
positively charged particle; located inside the nucleus
negatively charged particle; located outside the nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
Ch. 2 The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
positively charged particle; located inside the nucleus
negatively charged particle; located outside the nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
44 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
20 terms
Vocabulary for Characteristics of life, Chemistry of life
ATP
Lipids
DNA
stimulus
energy in food is transferred to this molecule
chemical compound that cannot mix with water and that is used…
made up of subunits called nucleotides
change in an organism's environment that affects the activity…
ATP
energy in food is transferred to this molecule
Lipids
chemical compound that cannot mix with water and that is used…
15 terms
Chemistry of Life
matter
energy
atom
molecule
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Ability to cause change or do work
Smallest particle of an element
A group of atoms bonded together
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
energy
Ability to cause change or do work
22 terms
Unit 1 - The Chemistry of Life
isotope
ionic bond
covalent bond
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
bonds formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotope
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic bond
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
30 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Hypothesis
Scientific Method
Independent Variable
Control
possible scientific explanation or educated guess
series of steps used by a scientist to solve problems/answer…
variable controlled by the scientist
the standard to which the results are compared to
Hypothesis
possible scientific explanation or educated guess
Scientific Method
series of steps used by a scientist to solve problems/answer…
14 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
atomic number
chemical reaction
compound
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A pure substance made of two or more elements CHEMICALLY comb…
atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
53 terms
The Chemistry of Life
subatomic particles
nucleus (atomic)
proton
neutron
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
positively-charged subatomic particle; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particle with no charge; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
nucleus (atomic)
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
26 terms
Chemistry of life vocabulary set
energy
Covalent bond
organic
metabolism
Ability to do work
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
Contains carbon
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
energy
Ability to do work
Covalent bond
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
57 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary (Second Quarter)
acid
active site
adhesion
amino acid
compound that releases hydrogen ions in solution (Science SOL…
the region on the substrate where an enzyme binds to the subs…
the ability of water molecules to stick to other substances (…
building blocks for proteins
acid
compound that releases hydrogen ions in solution (Science SOL…
active site
the region on the substrate where an enzyme binds to the subs…
41 terms
Ch. 2 The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
44 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus (of an atom)
electron
element
The basic unit of matter
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
A negatively charged particle located outside the nucleus of…
A pure substance made up of only one type of atom; there are…
atom
The basic unit of matter
nucleus (of an atom)
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
25 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary Terms
Carbohydrates monomer
Carbohydrates type of energy
Examples of carbohydrates
Suffix of carbohydrates
Monosacharides
Fast energy
Glucose, sucrose
-ose
Carbohydrates monomer
Monosacharides
Carbohydrates type of energy
Fast energy
25 terms
Chemistry of Life
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
water
water is a polar compound
thermal
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
The most abundant compound found in living things
oxygen has a slight negative charge, hydrogens have a slight…
Water heats and cools slower than most liquids
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
water
The most abundant compound found in living things
29 terms
Unit 4 - Chemistry of Life - Vocabulary
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monsaccharide
One unit
Two or more units
Animals: Break it down to make energy (ATP) in cellular respi…
One sugar molecule
Monomer
One unit
Polymer
Two or more units
30 terms
Ch. 2 The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
I am the basic unit of matter. I connect to others to make mo…
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
I have a negative charge and can be found zipping around outs…
I am made entirely of one kind of atom... starts with E
atom
I am the basic unit of matter. I connect to others to make mo…
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
26 terms
chemistry life vocabulary
element
atom
protons
neutrons
a substance that cannot be broken down into life substances
smallest part of an element has the characteristics of that e…
positively charged particles; found in nucleus
no charge (neutral); found in nucleus
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into life substances
atom
smallest part of an element has the characteristics of that e…
19 terms
7th Chemistry of Life Vocabulary Terms
Matter
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Anything with volume and mass
Basic building block of matter
Center of an atom. Contains Protons & Neutrons - makes up the…
Positive charge particle found in the nucleus of an atom. Mas…
Matter
Anything with volume and mass
Atom
Basic building block of matter
33 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
fundamental unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom.
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained (- charge) or lost (+ charge) one or mor…
atom
fundamental unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom.
15 terms
Chemistry of Life vocabulary
Adhesion
Cohesion
Surface Tension
Solvent
Water molecules sticking to other substances
Water molecules stick to each other
How tense the surface of the water is
The liquid part of the solution that you put the solute in
Adhesion
Water molecules sticking to other substances
Cohesion
Water molecules stick to each other
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