Study sets matching "vocab chemistry life"

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Study sets matching "vocab chemistry life"

60 terms
The Chemistry of Life
polymer
monomer
carbohydrates
protein
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
A polymer made of monomers called sugars or monossacharides.…
Macromolecules made by linking together monomers called amino…
polymer
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
monomer
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
30 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary Review
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Building blocks of proteins.
A group of organic compounds that include sugars and starches.
the force that holds two atoms together.
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
Amino Acid
Building blocks of proteins.
Carbohydrate
A group of organic compounds that include sugars and starches.
Chemistry of life Vocabulary
Acid
Adhesion
Amine
Amino Acid
Solution with a pH less than 7. Contains more H+ ions
Property of water that allows it to stick to other substances…
Group that contains nitrogen and 2 hydrogen. Part of an amino…
Monomer (building block) of proteins.
Acid
Solution with a pH less than 7. Contains more H+ ions
Adhesion
Property of water that allows it to stick to other substances…
7 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
molecule
lipid
protein
smallest unit of an element
two or more atoms with chemical bonds
fat molecule that stores energy
made of amino acids for body structures and processes
atom
smallest unit of an element
molecule
two or more atoms with chemical bonds
7 terms
Chemistry of Life
enzyme
polar
solute
solvent
a protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
a pair of equal and opposite charges
dissolved particles in a solution
substance that does the dissolving
enzyme
a protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
polar
a pair of equal and opposite charges
7 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
carbohydrate
molecule
nucleic acid
basic particles that all living and nonliving things are made…
molecule used to make energy. It includes sugars, starches an…
group of atoms that are held together by chemical bonds
molecule that carries information in cells ex. DNA
atom
basic particles that all living and nonliving things are made…
carbohydrate
molecule used to make energy. It includes sugars, starches an…
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
macromolecule
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Any of the group of organic compounds consisting of carbon, h…
macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Macromolecule
Monomer
polymer
Carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
the building block of polymers
Long molecule made of monomers linked by covalent bonds (form…
polymers of sugars; includes polysaccharides
Macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Monomer
the building block of polymers
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Macromolecule
Monomer
polymer
Carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
the building block of polymers
Long molecule made of monomers linked by covalent bonds (form…
polymers of sugars; includes polysaccharides
Macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Monomer
the building block of polymers
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Acid
Atom
Base
Compound
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
The basic unit of a chemical element.
Substances that accept protons from acids
made up or consisting of several parts or elements.
Acid
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element.
17 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Element
Compound
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contain the protons and neutron;…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
a substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more…
Atom
the basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of an atom, which contain the protons and neutron;…
Chemistry of Life
Aldehyde
Ketone
Alcohol
Ether
Aldehyde
Ketone
28 terms
Chemistry Of Life Vocabulary 1
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
polarity
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the attraction between molecules of different substance
a force caused by the cohesion of water molecules,making it p…
a property of a molecule of having uneven distribution of ele…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
the attraction between molecules of different substance
The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
center of the atom; made up of protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle located in the atom but outside o…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
center of the atom; made up of protons and neutrons
40 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
electron
atom
nucleus
compound
negatively charged particle
the basic unit of matter
the center of that atom that contains protons and neutrons
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
electron
negatively charged particle
atom
the basic unit of matter
31 terms
Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Proton
basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
positively charged particle; located in the nucleus
Atom
basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
160 terms
Unit 1 Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
element
compound
trace element
four elements that make up 96% of livi…
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
element required by an organism only in minute quantities... -al…
C, O, H, N
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
compound
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
23 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
macromolecule
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Broken down to simple sugars
macromolecule
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
23 terms
Chemistry of life vocabulary
macromolecule
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Broken down to simple sugars
macromolecule
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
23 terms
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Broken down to simple sugars
Macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Chemistry of life vocabulary
Acid
Atom
Base
Compound
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
The basic unit of a chemical element.
Substances that accept protons from acids
made up or consisting of several parts or elements.
Acid
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element.
34 terms
Chemistry of life Vocabulary
compound
Enzyme
Covalent bond
product
is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are…
macromolecular biological catalysts. accelerate, or catalyze,…
A chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electron…
the substance(s) which are produced by a reaction.
compound
is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are…
Enzyme
macromolecular biological catalysts. accelerate, or catalyze,…
16 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
pH
acid
base
metabolism
measure of how acidic or basic a substance is
a solution that forms H+ ions in water, pH is less than 7
a solution that forms OH- ions in water; PH greater than 7
all of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
pH
measure of how acidic or basic a substance is
acid
a solution that forms H+ ions in water, pH is less than 7
Chemistry of Life/Biochemistry Vocabulary
Compound
Enzyme
Covalent Bond
Product
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
12 terms
Chapter 2 The chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
molecule
proton
neutron
the smallest/ basic unit of matter. they make up everything i…
2 or more atoms chemically combined/bonded together
a positively charged particle in an atom
a particle in an atom with a neutral/ no charge (not positive…
atom
the smallest/ basic unit of matter. they make up everything i…
molecule
2 or more atoms chemically combined/bonded together
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Fatty Acid
Glycerol
An organic compound that contains at least one amino group -N…
A macromolecule within in foods and living tissues such as su…
Molecules that form long chains of lipid-carboxylic acid foun…
A colorless, odorless, syrupy C3 H8 O3, usually obtained by t…
Amino Acid
An organic compound that contains at least one amino group -N…
Carbohydrate
A macromolecule within in foods and living tissues such as su…
56 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Smallest unit of element and they make up everything.
Positive charged atom.
Neutral charged atom.
Negative charged atom.
Atom
Smallest unit of element and they make up everything.
Proton
Positive charged atom.
88 terms
The Chemistry of Life
2 Parts to an atom
Element
Isotopes
Compound
1.) Nucleus (made up of protons and neutrons)... 2.) Shell (made…
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
2 Parts to an atom
1.) Nucleus (made up of protons and neutrons)... 2.) Shell (made…
Element
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Su…
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids,…
Fats
Sugar
6 elements of life
4 molecules of life
Lipids common name
Carbohydrates common name
Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Su…
6 elements of life
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids,…
4 molecules of life
33 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Chemical bond
Chemical formula
Covalent bond
Element
Holds the atoms in compounds together; formation involves the…
Kind of shorthand scientists show composition of compounds with
Forms when moving electrons travel about the nuclei of both a…
Pure substance that consists of one type of atom
Chemical bond
Holds the atoms in compounds together; formation involves the…
Chemical formula
Kind of shorthand scientists show composition of compounds with
32 terms
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
32 terms
Chemistry of Life
atoms
protons
neutrons
electrons
building blocks of matter
positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom
particles found in the nucleus of an atom with no charge
negatively charged particles found in a cloud around the nucl…
atoms
building blocks of matter
protons
positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom
35 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary Chapter 2
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting in the transfer of an electron
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
Ch. 2 The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
positively charged particle; located inside the nucleus
negatively charged particle; located outside the nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
The Chemistry of Life
subatomic particles
nucleus (atomic)
proton
neutron
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
positively-charged subatomic particle; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particle with no charge; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
nucleus (atomic)
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Proteins
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Phospholipids
Large molecules that are made up of subunits called amino acids
A group of compounds made of sugars
Compounds that cannot mix with water
The molecules that form much of the cell membrane
Proteins
Large molecules that are made up of subunits called amino acids
Carbohydrate
A group of compounds made of sugars
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
103 terms
Biology - Unit 4 - Chemistry of Life - Study Vocabulary *
organic chemistry
Carbon
macromolecules
polymer
the study of carbon-containing compounds
_____ can form long chains, branched chains, and rings
Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic mo…
substance made up of a large number of smaller molecules that…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon-containing compounds
Carbon
_____ can form long chains, branched chains, and rings
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Ch. 2 The Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
positively charged particle; located inside the nucleus
negatively charged particle; located outside the nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
15 terms
Chemistry of Life
matter
energy
atom
molecule
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Ability to cause change or do work
Smallest particle of an element
A group of atoms bonded together
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
energy
Ability to cause change or do work
20 terms
Vocabulary for Characteristics of life, Chemistry of life
ATP
Lipids
DNA
stimulus
energy in food is transferred to this molecule
chemical compound that cannot mix with water and that is used…
made up of subunits called nucleotides
change in an organism's environment that affects the activity…
ATP
energy in food is transferred to this molecule
Lipids
chemical compound that cannot mix with water and that is used…
47 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Matter
Mass
Elements
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass
The quantity of matter an object has
The substances that cannot be broken down chemically into sim…
Simplest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass
The quantity of matter an object has
22 terms
Unit 1 - The Chemistry of Life
isotope
ionic bond
covalent bond
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
bonds formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotope
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic bond
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Hypothesis
Scientific Method
Independent Variable
Control
possible scientific explanation or educated guess
series of steps used by a scientist to solve problems/answer…
variable controlled by the scientist
the standard to which the results are compared to
Hypothesis
possible scientific explanation or educated guess
Scientific Method
series of steps used by a scientist to solve problems/answer…
57 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary (Second Quarter)
acid
active site
adhesion
amino acid
compound that releases hydrogen ions in solution (Science SOL…
the region on the substrate where an enzyme binds to the subs…
the ability of water molecules to stick to other substances (…
building blocks for proteins
acid
compound that releases hydrogen ions in solution (Science SOL…
active site
the region on the substrate where an enzyme binds to the subs…
53 terms
The Chemistry of Life
subatomic particles
nucleus (atomic)
proton
neutron
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
positively-charged subatomic particle; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particle with no charge; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
nucleus (atomic)
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
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