How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "vocab earth science astronomy"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "vocab earth science astronomy"

45 terms
Astronomy Earth Science
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
Earth's tilt and rotation
solar eclipse
Solstice
What causes Earth to have seasons?
When the Moon moves directly between Earth and the Sun, shado…
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
What causes Earth to have seasons?
Earth's tilt and rotation
29 terms
Astronomy: Earth Science - WFHS
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
10 terms
Astronomy Vocabulary: Earth Science
Constellation
Doppler effect
Eccentricity
Ellipse
A group of stars that form a pattern and have been given a na…
The apparent change in the frequency of a wave caused by rela…
A circularity that has a different center or deviates from a…
A closed plane curve with an oval shape; the shape of the path
Constellation
A group of stars that form a pattern and have been given a na…
Doppler effect
The apparent change in the frequency of a wave caused by rela…
29 terms
Earth Science Astronomy Vocabulary
Electromagnetic Radiation
Accretion
Satellite
Kepler's 1st Law
This is electric and magnetic disturbances travelling through…
gravity causes the rocks to combine forming planets
A celestial body orbiting a planet or object
showed that planets revolved around the sun in an ELLIPSE rat…
Electromagnetic Radiation
This is electric and magnetic disturbances travelling through…
Accretion
gravity causes the rocks to combine forming planets
20 terms
Houmard Earth Science Astronomy Vocabulary
Solar Nebula Hypothesis
Universe
Galaxy
Nutation
...
...
...
...
Solar Nebula Hypothesis
...
Universe
...
30 terms
Astronomy earth science vocabulary
Albedo
Highlands
Maria
Mare
The percentage of incoming sunlight that its surface reflects
Heavily cratered regions of the moon that add light in color…
Dark, relatively smooth plains, 3km lower in elevation
...
Albedo
The percentage of incoming sunlight that its surface reflects
Highlands
Heavily cratered regions of the moon that add light in color…
27 terms
Earth Science- Astronomy Vocabulary
Astronomy
Geocentric
Orbit
Heliocentric
The science that studies the universe
A universe in which earth is a sphere that stays motionless a…
To rotate around
Where the sun is the center and all the planets orbit around it
Astronomy
The science that studies the universe
Geocentric
A universe in which earth is a sphere that stays motionless a…
41 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy Vocabulary
Astronomy
Big Bang Theory
Doppler Shift
Red Shift
the science that deals with material things beyond the earth'…
a theory that deduces a cataclymic birth of the universe, cos…
change in the apparent frequency of a wave as observer and so…
a shift toward the red end of the spectrum in the observed sp…
Astronomy
the science that deals with material things beyond the earth'…
Big Bang Theory
a theory that deduces a cataclymic birth of the universe, cos…
30 terms
Earth science astronomy vocabulary
Tide
Tide range
Astronomy
Galaxy
A periodic rise and fall of the water level in the oceans and…
The difference in levels of ocean waters at high tide and low
The scientific study of the universe
A collection of stars dust and gas bound together by gravity
Tide
A periodic rise and fall of the water level in the oceans and…
Tide range
The difference in levels of ocean waters at high tide and low
26 terms
Houmard Earth Science Astronomy Vocabulary
Celestial Body*
Ellipse*
Universe
Periphelion
Stars and Planets*
An oval shaped path*
All existing matter and space considered as a whole
The time in January when Earth is closest to the sun
Celestial Body*
Stars and Planets*
Ellipse*
An oval shaped path*
35 terms
Earth-Space Science: Astronomy
moon
albedo
maria
ejecta
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
Dark, smooth plains on the moon's surface
Material blasted out as a result of impact that fell back to…
moon
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
albedo
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
24 terms
Grade 10 Earth Science Astronomy
asteroid
Big Bang Theory
celestial object
comet
a solid body, that has no atmosphere, and it orbits the sun
an idea that the universe started out with all its matter pac…
objects that you can see in the sky, but they are beyond the…
bodies made up of meteoroids packed in ice that revolve aroun…
asteroid
a solid body, that has no atmosphere, and it orbits the sun
Big Bang Theory
an idea that the universe started out with all its matter pac…
Earth-Space Science: Astronomy
moon
albedo
maria
ejecta
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
Dark, smooth plains on the moon's surface
Material blasted out as a result of impact that fell back to…
moon
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
albedo
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
15 terms
Astronomy-earth science 2
perihelion
aphelion
perigee
apogee
orbital point nearest the sun
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a satellite
perihelion
orbital point nearest the sun
aphelion
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
33 terms
Earth Science/Astronomy
north pole
prime meridian
latitude
longitude
the point on Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, wher…
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and…
imaginary lines that run west to east and are used to measure…
Imaginary lines that run from the North to the South Pole & a…
north pole
the point on Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, wher…
prime meridian
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and…
45 terms
Astronomy Unit Test- Earth Science
tides
heliocentric
apparent diameter
March 21 Sun Path
the regular rise and fall of the ocean's surface influenced b…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
The Sun looks bigger than other stars because it is closer
rises due east, sets due west, peaks at 40-50 degrees in NYS
tides
the regular rise and fall of the ocean's surface influenced b…
heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
20 terms
Earth, Sun & Moon :: Astronomy :: Earth Science
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
15 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Words Astronomy
Ellipse
Eccentricity
Major Axis
Rotation
Elegated circular path that the Earth and all planets move ar…
The amount of deviation from circularity(how elliptical is it…
Th longest points going from one side of an ellipse to another.
The motion of the EArth or a planets spinning on its axis(a d…
Ellipse
Elegated circular path that the Earth and all planets move ar…
Eccentricity
The amount of deviation from circularity(how elliptical is it…
33 terms
Honors Earth Science Astronomy
What kind of spectrum is this?
Continuous spectra are produced from
What kind of spectrum is this?
Emission spectra are produced from
Continuous spectra
hot solids or dense gases
Emission spectra
hot gases
What kind of spectrum is this?
Continuous spectra
Continuous spectra are produced from
hot solids or dense gases
9 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy Unit
Rotation
Revolution
Perihelion
Aphelion
the spinning of a body, such as Earth, about its axis
the motion of one body about another, as Earth, about the sun
the point in the orbit of a planet where it is closest to the…
The place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is furthe…
Rotation
the spinning of a body, such as Earth, about its axis
Revolution
the motion of one body about another, as Earth, about the sun
15 terms
Astronomy-earth science 2
perihelion
aphelion
perigee
apogee
orbital point nearest the sun
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a satellite
perihelion
orbital point nearest the sun
aphelion
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
40 terms
CMS Earth Science Astronomy
Astronomy
Year
Month
Day
The study of all physical objects beyond Earth
The time required for the Earth to orbit the sun once
Roughly the time required for the moon to orbit the Earth once
The time required for the Earth to rotate once on its axis
Astronomy
The study of all physical objects beyond Earth
Year
The time required for the Earth to orbit the sun once
34 terms
Earth Science Unit 7: Astronomy Vocabulary
aphelion
astronomical unit (AU)
eccentricity
perihelion
point in a planet's orbit where it is farthest from the Sun.
Average distance between Earth and the Sun;
shape of a planet's elliptical orbit.
point in a planet's orbit where it is closest to the Sun
aphelion
point in a planet's orbit where it is farthest from the Sun.
astronomical unit (AU)
Average distance between Earth and the Sun;
20 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Unit 4 Astronomy
Solstices
Equinox
Apollo II
Galaxy
the longest and shortest days of the year
times of the year when the sun is located directly... above the…
the 1st manned landing on the moon
billions of stars grouped together
Solstices
the longest and shortest days of the year
Equinox
times of the year when the sun is located directly... above the…
10 terms
Astronomy/Earth Science Test
Orbit
Order of Planets from the Sun
Gravity
Revolution
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The movement of an object around another object.
Orbit
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
Order of Planets from the Sun
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
70 terms
Earth Science, Astronomy
Light Year
Speed of Light
Parsec
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Standard Distance in Astronomy. Light Year is a distance that…
186,000 miles per second.
3.24 Light Years
Distance Between Earth and the Sun. 93 Million miles, or 9 Li…
Light Year
Standard Distance in Astronomy. Light Year is a distance that…
Speed of Light
186,000 miles per second.
26 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy
galaxy
planet
Mercury
Venus
a massive system made up of billions of stars, dust and gas c…
a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star
the closest planet to the sun
the second planet from the sun and is the second brightest ob…
galaxy
a massive system made up of billions of stars, dust and gas c…
planet
a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star
29 terms
AACS Earth Science: Astronomy
Seasons
Apehelion
Astronomy
Big Bang
the divisions of the year, and resulting weather changes caus…
The point in a planets orbit when it is farthest from the sun.
branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space an…
Theory that states that the universe started with a giant exp…
Seasons
the divisions of the year, and resulting weather changes caus…
Apehelion
The point in a planets orbit when it is farthest from the sun.
11 terms
Earth, Sun & Moon :: Astronomy :: Earth Science
astronomy
solar system
orbit
revolve
The study of the stars, planets, and space
The sun and the planets that orbit it.
The circular path an object takes around a center point.
To go around a center point in a round shape (in an orbit)
astronomy
The study of the stars, planets, and space
solar system
The sun and the planets that orbit it.
59 terms
Earth Science astronomy #1
the big bang theory
hubble's law
spiral galaxis
elliptical galaxis
theory that a dense ball of matter and gas expanded outward.
edwin hubble found evidence of doppler shift that supports th…
"disk like" with spiral arms, Mostly young stars
no arms, old stars, lens shaped
the big bang theory
theory that a dense ball of matter and gas expanded outward.
hubble's law
edwin hubble found evidence of doppler shift that supports th…
57 terms
Earth Science Astronomy vocab
Rotation
revolution
perihelion
aphelion
the spin of a body on its axis
the motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
the point in the orbit of a planet at which the planet is the…
the point in the orbit of a planet at which the planet is the…
Rotation
the spin of a body on its axis
revolution
the motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
46 terms
Earth Science SOL Review (Astronomy)
The Earths's Tilt at 23.5 degrees is
When the Hemisphere is tilted toward t…
Area around the _____get most of the d…
3rd planet from the sun (inner, rocky…
the (reason for the seasons)
summer
equator
Earth
The Earths's Tilt at 23.5 degrees is
the (reason for the seasons)
When the Hemisphere is tilted toward t…
summer
42 terms
Earth Science SOL Review: Astronomy
The Big Bang Theory
mass
Nebula
Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
States that the universe began in a very hot, dense state tha…
The _____ of a star controls its evolution, length of its lif…
a region or cloud of interstellar dust and gas appearing vari…
Illustrates the relationship between the luminosity and the s…
The Big Bang Theory
States that the universe began in a very hot, dense state tha…
mass
The _____ of a star controls its evolution, length of its lif…
34 terms
Astronomy and Earth Science Unit Exam
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
The first planet from the sun.... The smallest planet in our sol…
The second planet from the sun.... The hottest planet in our sol…
The third planet from the sun.... The only known planet with lif…
The fourth planet from the sun.... The second smallest planet.... K…
Mercury
The first planet from the sun.... The smallest planet in our sol…
Venus
The second planet from the sun.... The hottest planet in our sol…
50 terms
earth science astronomy
star
solar system
galaxy
universe
a gas ball that emits energy... -huge gaseous sphere that emits…
a star of planets that orbit it
groups of billions of stars
everything in space ... includes (galaxies ,dark matter(60 hexil…
star
a gas ball that emits energy... -huge gaseous sphere that emits…
solar system
a star of planets that orbit it
95 terms
earth science astronomy
luminosity
suns luminosity and temperature
direct relationship in the sky
sirius
the brightness of stars in comparison to our sun
luminosity is 1, temperature is 5,500k
as the temperature increases, the brightness increases. the c…
brightest and hottest star in the sky
luminosity
the brightness of stars in comparison to our sun
suns luminosity and temperature
luminosity is 1, temperature is 5,500k
34 terms
Earth Science/Astronomy
north pole
prime meridian
latitude
longitude
the point on Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, wher…
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and…
imaginary lines that run west to east and are used to measure…
Imaginary lines that run from the North to the South Pole & a…
north pole
the point on Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, wher…
prime meridian
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and…
67 terms
Astronomy Earth Science SOL Review
Terrestrial Planets
Asteroids
planet
asteroid belt
Inner planets closes to the sun
Rocky or metallic iron objects
an object in orbit around the Sun that is large enough to hav…
Region where asteroids orbit harmlessly
Terrestrial Planets
Inner planets closes to the sun
Asteroids
Rocky or metallic iron objects
97 terms
Earth Science Astronomy unit
astronomy
the universe is ____
how do we know the universe is expandi…
all matter and energy in the universe…
branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space, a…
expanding
because all galaxies are moving away from earth(because of th…
13.8
astronomy
branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space, a…
the universe is ____
expanding
26 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Axis of rotation
Revolution
Duration of insolation
New York State has several more hours…
Rotation is movement around an axis. Earth rotates every *2…
An object traveling around another on a set orbit. Earth revo…
The length of time daylight is received at a location during…
Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the sun. This a…
Axis of rotation
Rotation is movement around an axis. Earth rotates every *2…
Revolution
An object traveling around another on a set orbit. Earth revo…
12 terms
Earth Science Astronomy Vocab
Order of Increasing Size
Star Life Cycle
Asteroids
Nuclear Fusion
The order of smaller objects in the universe to the universe…
The order of the star growing from when it is formed to when…
Small rocky celestial bodies found between the Mars and Jupit…
The reaction where two hydrogen atoms join and make a single…
Order of Increasing Size
The order of smaller objects in the universe to the universe…
Star Life Cycle
The order of the star growing from when it is formed to when…
28 terms
Earth/Environmental Science - Astronomy
Universe
Galaxy
Rotation
Revolution
Everything, All of space, stars, planets, etc.
A system of millions/billions stars all together, gas and dus…
The process of turning or circling around something. Ex: The…
Movement of one object around a center or another object. Ex:…
Universe
Everything, All of space, stars, planets, etc.
Galaxy
A system of millions/billions stars all together, gas and dus…
Earth Science - ASTRONOMY QUIZZES
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Radio Telescope
Orbit
A telescope that uses a convex lens to concentrate light from…
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to concentrate light fr…
Collects radio waves and some microwaves using an antenna tha…
The path an object follows as it moves around another object
Refracting Telescope
A telescope that uses a convex lens to concentrate light from…
Reflecting Telescope
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to concentrate light fr…
20 terms
Earth, Sun & Moon :: Astronomy :: Earth Science
astronomy
crater
solar system
orbit
The study of the stars, planets, and space
A large, wide, flat hole in the surface of the moon or a planet
The sun and the planets that orbit it.
The circular path an object takes around a center point.
astronomy
The study of the stars, planets, and space
crater
A large, wide, flat hole in the surface of the moon or a planet
26 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Axis of rotation
Revolution
Duration of insolation
New York State has several more hours…
Rotation is movement around an axis. Earth rotates every *2…
An object traveling around another on a set orbit. Earth revo…
The length of time daylight is received at a location during…
Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the sun. This a…
Axis of rotation
Rotation is movement around an axis. Earth rotates every *2…
Revolution
An object traveling around another on a set orbit. Earth revo…
15 terms
Earth Science Midterm (Astronomy)
Nebular Hypothesis S
Nebular Hypothesis N
Nebular Hypothesis A
Nebular Hypothesis P
Star explodes
Nebula forms.
Accretion disk forms.
Proto planets form.
Nebular Hypothesis S
Star explodes
Nebular Hypothesis N
Nebula forms.
34 terms
Earth Science Unit 7: Astronomy Vocabulary
absolute magnitude
aphelion
apparent magnitude
asteroid
is the brightness an object would have if it were placed at a…
point in a planet's orbit where it is farthest from the Sun.
is based on the ancient Greek system of classification which…
metallic thing, that generates heat energy.
absolute magnitude
is the brightness an object would have if it were placed at a…
aphelion
point in a planet's orbit where it is farthest from the Sun.
12 terms
Earth, Sun & Moon :: Astronomy :: Earth Science
astronomy
crater
solar system
orbit
The study of the stars, planets, and space
A large, wide, flat hole in the surface of the moon or a planet
The sun and the planets that orbit it.
The circular path an object takes around a center point.
astronomy
The study of the stars, planets, and space
crater
A large, wide, flat hole in the surface of the moon or a planet
37 terms
Kepler's Laws, Earth Science - Astronomy Unit
Inertia
Gravity
Orbital Period
Eccentricity
(physics) the tendency of a body to maintain is state of rest…
A force that exists between two bodies in the Universe.
The time required for a body to complete a single orbit
Deviation of a curve from a circular orbit. (Not a perfect ci…
Inertia
(physics) the tendency of a body to maintain is state of rest…
Gravity
A force that exists between two bodies in the Universe.
10 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Which type of radiation has the shorte…
The energy of a photon is related to i…
As light passes through a prism, which…
which type of telescope uses a concave…
gamma rays
wavelength
violet
reflecting
Which type of radiation has the shorte…
gamma rays
The energy of a photon is related to i…
wavelength
1 of 10