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Study sets matching "vocab earth science chapter 13"

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Study sets matching "vocab earth science chapter 13"

19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
Weather
Air Pressure
Humidity
Relative Humidity
The atmospheric conditions, along with short-term changes, of…
The force that a column of air applies on the air or a surfac…
The amount of water vapor in the air.
The amount of water vapor present in the air compared to the…
Weather
The atmospheric conditions, along with short-term changes, of…
Air Pressure
The force that a column of air applies on the air or a surfac…
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
air mass
air pressure
anticyclone
atmosphere
* large body of air that has the same temperature and humidit…
* pressure exerted on the earth by gravity pulling the air to…
* high-pressure area containing cold, dry air
* envelope of gases surrounding the earth
air mass
* large body of air that has the same temperature and humidit…
air pressure
* pressure exerted on the earth by gravity pulling the air to…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Surface current
Coriolis effect
Deep current
Convection current
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
The apparent curving of the path of a moving object from an o…
a streamlike movement of ocean water far below the surface
a current caused by the rising of heated fluid and sinking of…
Surface current
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
Coriolis effect
The apparent curving of the path of a moving object from an o…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary
asthenosphere
convergent boundary
divergent boundary
Gondwanaland
A zone in the upper mantle on which the plates float.
A place where two plates come together.
The place where two plates move apart.
The southern continent formed when Pangaea split apart.
asthenosphere
A zone in the upper mantle on which the plates float.
convergent boundary
A place where two plates come together.
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
shields
stromatolites
Gondwana
Laurasia
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient a metamorphic roc…
Oldest known fossils formed from many layers of bacteria and…
The large southern land mass that existed from the Cambrian (…
Late Paleozoic, Northern Hemisphere continent composed of the…
shields
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient a metamorphic roc…
stromatolites
Oldest known fossils formed from many layers of bacteria and…
36 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 13 Vocabulary
air mass
air pressure
anticyclone
atmosphere
large body of air that has the same temperature and humidity…
pressure exerted on the earth by gravity pulling the air towa…
high-pressure area containing cold, dry air
envelope of gases surrounding the earth
air mass
large body of air that has the same temperature and humidity…
air pressure
pressure exerted on the earth by gravity pulling the air towa…
29 terms
Earth Science chapter 13
mamga
lava
volcanism
volcano
liquid rock underground
magma that is on eaths surface
any tectonic activity that involves magma
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
mamga
liquid rock underground
lava
magma that is on eaths surface
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
Air pressure
Wind
Pressure gradient
Coriolis effect
...
...
...
...
Air pressure
...
Wind
...
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 - The Nature of Storms
Air-mass thunderstorm
mountain thunderstorm
sea-breeze thunderstorm
frontal thunderstorm
a thunderstorm that forms due to unequal heating of Earth's s…
Occurs when an air-mass rises from orographic lifting.
common in coastal areas in the summer; caused by extreme temp…
thunderstorms caused by advancing cold fronts.
Air-mass thunderstorm
a thunderstorm that forms due to unequal heating of Earth's s…
mountain thunderstorm
Occurs when an air-mass rises from orographic lifting.
40 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 13
ocean
sea
gulfs
bays
A vast body of salt water that separates the continents.
A large section of ocean mostly surrounded by land or islands.
similar to seas, but smaller
smaller than gulfs
ocean
A vast body of salt water that separates the continents.
sea
A large section of ocean mostly surrounded by land or islands.
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13, Section 3
plankton
nekton
benthos
benthic environment
the mass of mostly microscopic organisms that float or drift…
all organisms that swim actively in open water, independent o…
the organisms that live at the bottom of the sea or ocean
the region near the bottom of a pond, lake, or ocean
plankton
the mass of mostly microscopic organisms that float or drift…
nekton
all organisms that swim actively in open water, independent o…
33 terms
Earth Science chapter 13
mamga
lava
volcanoism
volcano
liquid rock underground
magma that is on eaths surface
any tectonic activity that involves magma
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
mamga
liquid rock underground
lava
magma that is on eaths surface
32 terms
Chapter 13 Earth Science
magma
volcanism
lava
volcano
liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
magma that flows unto Earth's surface; the rock that forms wh…
a vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
magma
liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
volcanism
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13: Volcanoes
Magma
Volcanism
Lava
Volcano
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Any activity that includes the movement of magma onto Earth's…
Magma after it has erupted onto Earth's surface,
A vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Volcanism
Any activity that includes the movement of magma onto Earth's…
15 terms
Science (chapter 13) BJU Earth
Oceans
T or F (true)
How many ocean basins are there? They…
Mean sea level provides us a reference…
Are the main reservoirs of water on earth
Oceans are essential for life and strongly influence weather…
4
Elevation and aircraft
Oceans
Are the main reservoirs of water on earth
T or F (true)
Oceans are essential for life and strongly influence weather…
37 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 13
Abyssal plain
Continental rise
Oceanic trench
Mid-ocean ridge
F
D
H
G
Abyssal plain
F
Continental rise
D
17 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 13
Sections of the oceans that are more o…
Clams, corals, and anemones which are…
Submerged mountain ranges on the ocean…
What are coral reefs sometimes called?
seas
benthic organisms
mid-ocean ridges
"rainforests of the sea"
Sections of the oceans that are more o…
seas
Clams, corals, and anemones which are…
benthic organisms
39 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 13.
What is Air Pressure?
Standard Atmosphere Pressure
The National Weather Service measures…
What kind of instrument is Mercury Bar…
The measure of the force with which air molecules push on a s…
Average sea level Pressure is 1013.25 millibars ( 29.92 in).
Millibar
An instrument that measures changes in air pressure, consisti…
What is Air Pressure?
The measure of the force with which air molecules push on a s…
Standard Atmosphere Pressure
Average sea level Pressure is 1013.25 millibars ( 29.92 in).
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary; Earth's History
Shield
Photosynthesis
Stromatolites
Prokaryotes
Is large core areas of Precambrian rock that make up the surf…
Is an organism that uses carbon dioxide and the energy of sun…
Are layer mounds of calcium carbonate deposited made by cyano…
Is a cell that lacks a nucleus
Shield
Is large core areas of Precambrian rock that make up the surf…
Photosynthesis
Is an organism that uses carbon dioxide and the energy of sun…
18 terms
Earth science chapter 13 vocabulary (Callery)
Wave
Wavelength
Frequency
Wave height
Horizontal distance between the crests or between the troughs…
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
How many wave peaks pass a certain point per given time
the vertical distance from the crest of a wave to the trough
Wave
Horizontal distance between the crests or between the troughs…
Wavelength
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13, Sections 1-2
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Southern Ocean
the second largest ocean, located between the Americas and Eu…
the third largest ocean, located between Africa and Australia
the smallest ocean, much of its surface is covered in ice
located between the coast of Antarctica and 60 degrees south…
Atlantic Ocean
the second largest ocean, located between the Americas and Eu…
Indian Ocean
the third largest ocean, located between Africa and Australia
48 terms
Chapter 13 Earth Science
Oceanography
Northern hemisphere
Southern hemisphere
4 main ocean basins
An interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Land hemisphere
Water hemisphere
1. Pacific Ocean... 2. Atlantic Ocean... 3. Indian Ocean... 4. Arctic…
Oceanography
An interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Northern hemisphere
Land hemisphere
29 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 13 - The Nature of Storms
Stable Atmosphere (Air Stability)
Unstable Atmosphere
Air-Mass Thunderstorm
Frontal Thunderstorms
The ability of air to resist rising because the surface air i…
Air rises quickly, resulting in clouds and the potential for…
Type of thunderstorm in which air rises because of unequal he…
Line of thunderstorms usually produced by cold fronts. Not de…
Stable Atmosphere (Air Stability)
The ability of air to resist rising because the surface air i…
Unstable Atmosphere
Air rises quickly, resulting in clouds and the potential for…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary
shields
stromoatolites
Gondwana
Laurasia
Large core areas of Precambrian rocks that dominate the surfa…
Distinctively layered mounds or columns of calcium carbonate.
A large supercontinent that was present in the Devonian and M…
A large supercontinent that was present in the Devonian and M…
shields
Large core areas of Precambrian rocks that dominate the surfa…
stromoatolites
Distinctively layered mounds or columns of calcium carbonate.
46 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Freshwater
Reservoir
Residence time
Hydrologic Cycle
Of or found in fresh water
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water…
the average length of time during which a substance, a portio…
the sequence of conditions through which water passes from va…
Freshwater
Of or found in fresh water
Reservoir
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water…
34 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
Define thunderstorm
What causes lightning?
Where are the negatively charged parti…
Where are the positively charged parti…
A storm that produces precipitation, lightning and thunder
A buildup and discharge of electric energy after updrafts and…
The clouds
The ground
Define thunderstorm
A storm that produces precipitation, lightning and thunder
What causes lightning?
A buildup and discharge of electric energy after updrafts and…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
Magma
Volcanism
Lava
Volcano
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Any activity that includes the movement of magma onto Earth's…
Magma after it has erupted onto Earth's surface,
A vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Volcanism
Any activity that includes the movement of magma onto Earth's…
20 terms
chapter 13 earth science
air mass thunderstorm
mountain thunderstorm
sea breeze thunderstorm
frontal thunderstorm
...
...
...
...
air mass thunderstorm
...
mountain thunderstorm
...
9 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 13
Magma
Volcanism
Lava
Volcano
liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
any activity that indicates the movement of magma toward or o…
magma that flows onto Earth's surface; the rock that forms wh…
a vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
Magma
liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
Volcanism
any activity that indicates the movement of magma toward or o…
39 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Review
71%
potable
Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, Pacific (lar…
beach
About what percentage of the earth's surface is covered by oc…
What is water that is safe to drink?
What are the four major ocean basins, and which one covers th…
What part of the ocean basin topography extends farthest out…
71%
About what percentage of the earth's surface is covered by oc…
potable
What is water that is safe to drink?
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
Magma
Volcanism
Lava
Volcano
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Any activity that includes the movement of magma onto Earth's…
Magma after it has erupted onto Earth's surface,
A vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Volcanism
Any activity that includes the movement of magma onto Earth's…
20 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 13 Vocabulary
air masses
air pressure
dew point
front
large body of air that has the same temperature and humidity…
force that a column of air applies on the air or a surface be…
temperature at which air is saturated and condensation can oc…
boundary between air two masses
air masses
large body of air that has the same temperature and humidity…
air pressure
force that a column of air applies on the air or a surface be…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary
wave
wavelength
frequency
wave height
the movement of energy through a body of water
the horizontal distance between crests
the amount of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of…
the vertical distance from the crest to the trough
wave
the movement of energy through a body of water
wavelength
the horizontal distance between crests
Chapter 13 Vocabulary - Earth Science
Absolute Age
Carbon Film
Cast
Fossil
Age in years of a rock or other objects; can be determined by…
Thin film of carbon residue preserved as a fossil.
A type of body fossil that forms when crystals fill a mold or…
Remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms that ca…
Absolute Age
Age in years of a rock or other objects; can be determined by…
Carbon Film
Thin film of carbon residue preserved as a fossil.
14 terms
Chapter 13 earth science vocabulary
Absolute age
Carbon film
Cast
Fossil
Age, in years, of a rock or other object; can be determined b…
Thin film of carbon residue preserved as a fossil
A type of body fossil that forms when crystals fill a mold or…
Remains imprints or traces of prehistoric organisms that can…
Absolute age
Age, in years, of a rock or other object; can be determined b…
Carbon film
Thin film of carbon residue preserved as a fossil
20 terms
chapter 13 vocabulary earth science
air mass thunderstorm
frontal thunderstorm
sea-breeze thunderstorm
downburst
thunderstorm in which air rises because of unequal heating of…
thunderstorm usually produced by a cold front
local air-mass thunderstorm that occurs along a coastal area
violent damaging thunderstorm
air mass thunderstorm
thunderstorm in which air rises because of unequal heating of…
frontal thunderstorm
thunderstorm usually produced by a cold front
30 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 13
Sections of the oceans that are more o…
The shallow, submerged edges of a cont…
Clams, corals, and anemones which are…
Submerged mountain ranges on the ocean…
seas
continental shelves
benthic organisms
mid-ocean ridges
Sections of the oceans that are more o…
seas
The shallow, submerged edges of a cont…
continental shelves
chapter 13 earth science
tornado
fujita scale
saffir-simpson hurricane
scale
a localized, violently destructive windstorm occurring over l…
a classification system for the severity of a tornado based o…
The Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS), or the Saffi…
a : either pan or tray of a balance... b : a beam that is suppor…
tornado
a localized, violently destructive windstorm occurring over l…
fujita scale
a classification system for the severity of a tornado based o…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary; Earth's History
Shield
Photosynthesis
Stromatolites
Prokaryotes
Is large core areas of Precambrian rock that make up the surf…
Is an organism that uses carbon dioxide and the energy of sun…
Are layer mounds of calcium carbonate deposited made by cyano…
Is a cell that lacks a nucleus
Shield
Is large core areas of Precambrian rock that make up the surf…
Photosynthesis
Is an organism that uses carbon dioxide and the energy of sun…
37 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 13
Abyssal plain
Continental rise
Oceanic trench
Mid-ocean ridge
F
D
H
G
Abyssal plain
F
Continental rise
D
17 terms
Chapter 13 Vocabulary Plate Tectonics Earth Science
Inner core
Outer core
Mantle
Crust
the solid center of earth.
a liquid layer of earth's rust that surrounds the solid inner…
the thickest layer inside earth; it lies between the outer co…
the outer most layer of earth.
Inner core
the solid center of earth.
Outer core
a liquid layer of earth's rust that surrounds the solid inner…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary; Earth's History
Shield
Photosynthesis
Stromatolites
Prokaryotes
Is large core areas of Precambrian rock that make up the surf…
Is an organism that uses carbon dioxide and the energy of sun…
Are layer mounds of calcium carbonate deposited made by cyano…
Is a cell that lacks a nucleus
Shield
Is large core areas of Precambrian rock that make up the surf…
Photosynthesis
Is an organism that uses carbon dioxide and the energy of sun…
Earth Science - Chapter 13 Vocabulary
air mass
air pressure
atmosphere
barometer
large body of air that has the same temperature and humidity…
pressure exerted on the earth by gravity pulling the air towa…
envelope of gases surrounding the earth
instrument that measures air pressure
air mass
large body of air that has the same temperature and humidity…
air pressure
pressure exerted on the earth by gravity pulling the air towa…
Chapter 13 Vocabulary Earth Science
Air Mass Thunderstorm
Sea Breeze Thudnerstorm
Frontal Thunderstorm
Supercell
thunderstorm in which air rises because of unequal heating of…
local air mass thunderstorm that commonly occurs along a cost…
thunderstorm usually produced by an advancing cold front, whi…
extremely powerful, self-sustaining thunderstorm characterize…
Air Mass Thunderstorm
thunderstorm in which air rises because of unequal heating of…
Sea Breeze Thudnerstorm
local air mass thunderstorm that commonly occurs along a cost…
19 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 13 - Vocabulary
Air-mass Thunderstorm... Section 13.1
Mountain Thunderstorm... Section 13.1
Sea-breeze Thunderstorm... Section 13.1
Frontal Thunderstorm... Section 13.1
Type of thunderstorm in which air rises because of unequal he…
Occurs when an air mass rises from orographic lifting, which…
Local air-mass thunderstorms that commonly occurs alone a coa…
Type of thunderstorm usually produced by an advancing cold fr…
Air-mass Thunderstorm... Section 13.1
Type of thunderstorm in which air rises because of unequal he…
Mountain Thunderstorm... Section 13.1
Occurs when an air mass rises from orographic lifting, which…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
Fossils... * Mammoth are extinct and broo…
Per mineralized Remains... * Brook was di…
Carbon Film... * A dollar left a carbon f…
Mold... * The water holes has mold on it.
Are the remains, Imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms.
Are fossils in which the spaces inside are filled with minera…
A thin film of carbon residue is left, forming a silhouette o…
The hard part might decay or dissolve, leaving behind a cavit…
Fossils... * Mammoth are extinct and broo…
Are the remains, Imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms.
Per mineralized Remains... * Brook was di…
Are fossils in which the spaces inside are filled with minera…
30 terms
Earth Science (Chapter 13)
Northern Hemisphere:
Southern Hemisphere:
Pacific Ocean -
Atlantic Ocean -
called land Hemisphere is about 61% cover by water and 39% co…
Called water Hemisphere almost 81% of the surface is water an…
The largest and has the greatest depth.
About half the size of the pacific and not quite as deep.
Northern Hemisphere:
called land Hemisphere is about 61% cover by water and 39% co…
Southern Hemisphere:
Called water Hemisphere almost 81% of the surface is water an…
49 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Freshwater
Reservoir
Residence Time
Hydrologic Cycle
water that contains less than 1,000 milligrams per liter of d…
storage location for water
the amount of time a molecule stays in a reservoir
the movement and storage of water between Earth's four spheres
Freshwater
water that contains less than 1,000 milligrams per liter of d…
Reservoir
storage location for water
14 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 13
Shields
Photosynthesis
Stromatolites
Prokaryotes
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
structure produced by algae trapping sediment and forming lay…
organism whose cells lack a nucleus and some other cell struc…
Shields
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
Photosynthesis
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
aftershock
building code
earthquake
elastic rebound theory
e quake that occurs as a consequence of a previous quake of l…
standards for the design of buildings to withstand shaking of…
violent motion of the ground that occurs when brittle rock un…
faulting and e quake generation ... as the crustal blocks on eit…
aftershock
e quake that occurs as a consequence of a previous quake of l…
building code
standards for the design of buildings to withstand shaking of…
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