Study sets matching "vocab earth science chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "vocab earth science chapter 5"

Earth Science - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Mineral
Crystal
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid whose atoms, ion, or molecules are arranged in a regu…
Mineral
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
41 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Review
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Unloading
Root wedging
Forces that break apart rock and soil particles
Form of mechanical weathering that occurs primarily at mid la…
Exfoliation plates form from pressure being released from und…
Biological activity caused by continual pressure of a plant's…
Mechanical Weathering
Forces that break apart rock and soil particles
Frost Wedging
Form of mechanical weathering that occurs primarily at mid la…
Earth science chapter 5 vocabulary
fossil fuel
coal
oil
natural gas
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
Come together, unite, fuse together
A liquid fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is bur…
A fossil fuel in the gaseous state
fossil fuel
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
coal
Come together, unite, fuse together
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chemical property
matter
physical property
property
Characteristic that describes how a substance changes into a…
anything that has mass and takes up space
characteristic of a substance that can be observed without ch…
characteristic that describes matter
chemical property
Characteristic that describes how a substance changes into a…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
alpine glaciers
continential glaciers
glacial polish
drumlin
Form in mountain regions and carve out U-shaped valleys
Cover large areas of continents; found in New York State
When rocks carried by continential glaciers act like sandpape…
Teardrop-shaped hills of glacial sediment
alpine glaciers
Form in mountain regions and carve out U-shaped valleys
continential glaciers
Cover large areas of continents; found in New York State
Earth Science Chapter 5
Weathering
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical weathering
What are some causes of mechanical wea…
Mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Eart…
Mechanical and chemical weathering
Occurs when physical processes naturally break rocks into sma…
Ice wedging, abrasion, plants, and animals
Weathering
Mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Eart…
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical and chemical weathering
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
talus
exfoliation
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
An accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
A mechanical weathering process which removes protuding overl…
mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
frost wedging
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Fusion
Magnitude
Apparent magnitude
Absolute magnitude
Process by which particles combine to form a new particle
Brightness of a star
How bright a star looks
How bright a star actually is
Fusion
Process by which particles combine to form a new particle
Magnitude
Brightness of a star
19 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary, Earth Science
fuel made from gasoline and alchohol.
produced when sunlight acts on automob…
an example of this is using old bottle…
The only fossil fuel that is a rock
gasahol
smog
recycling
coal
fuel made from gasoline and alchohol.
gasahol
produced when sunlight acts on automob…
smog
24 terms
Chapter 5 - Glencoe Earth Science
Lava
Igneous Rocks
Partial Melting
Bowen's Reaction Series
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
The process whereby some minerals cool at relatively low temp…
Sequential, predictable, duel branched pattern in which miner…
Lava
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Igneous Rocks
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
22 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
fossil fuel
coal
oil
natural gas
a nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of org…
a solid, hard black substance that burns and gives off heat;…
a thick, black liquid formed from the buried remains of micro…
a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; forms under similar condi…
fossil fuel
a nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of org…
coal
a solid, hard black substance that burns and gives off heat;…
15 terms
Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary- Earth's Resources
mineral
streak
luster
cleavage
natural, nonliving, solid crystals that make up rocks
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratche…
the way the surface of a mineral reflects light
property of minerals to break along smooth, flat, surfaces
mineral
natural, nonliving, solid crystals that make up rocks
streak
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratche…
87 terms
Tarbuck Earth Science Chapter 5
hydrologic cycle
infiltration
runoff
transpiration
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
Movement of excess water (after infiltration) across the surf…
the process by which plants release water to the atmosphere
hydrologic cycle
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
infiltration
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
58 terms
Chapter 5 Earth Science
A rocket launching is an example of Ne…
A(n) ____________________ is a push or…
Mike has a mass of 60 kg. He pulls on…
Forces that change an object's motion…
third
force
20 N
contact
A rocket launching is an example of Ne…
third
A(n) ____________________ is a push or…
force
Earth Science Chapter 5
Elevation, relief, and landforms are f…
What term describes the difference in…
A landform that has high elevation and…
The point on the Earth's surface havin…
topography
relief
plateau
where the equator crosses the prime meridian
Elevation, relief, and landforms are f…
topography
What term describes the difference in…
relief
22 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
anticline
syncline
fracture
fault
upward fold
downward fold
break in a rock
break in earth's crust along where movement occurs
anticline
upward fold
syncline
downward fold
6 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 5 Earth Science
weather
humidity
water cycle
evaporation
The state of the atmosphere at a certain place or time.
The amount of water vapor in the air.
The constant movement of Earth's water from the surface to th…
The change from liquid to the gaseous state.
weather
The state of the atmosphere at a certain place or time.
humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air.
31 terms
chapter 5 Earth science
seismic wave
crust
mantle
outer core
the product of an earthquake
layer of rock that form the Earth's skin
a layer of hot rock
molten metal that surrounds the inner core
seismic wave
the product of an earthquake
crust
layer of rock that form the Earth's skin
Earth Science chapter 5 vocabulary
Lava
Igneous Rock
Partial melting
Bowen's reaction series
Magma that flow from earth's surface
Lava cools and minerals crystallize
Minerals melt at low temperature while others remain solid
Minerals form in predictable patterns
Lava
Magma that flow from earth's surface
Igneous Rock
Lava cools and minerals crystallize
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5: Weathering, Soil, and Mass Movements
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
Talus
Exfoliation
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
an accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
type of weathering caused by reducing pressure on a rock surf…
Mechanical weathering
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
Frost wedging
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
14 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Mineral
Crystal
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid whose atoms, ion, or molecules are arranged in a regu…
Mineral
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
ML Earth Science Chapter 5 - Volcanoes
Magma
Lava
Viscosity
aa
A body of molten rock found at depth
Erupted Magma
A measure of a material's resistance to flow
Lava flow consisting of rough jagged blocks
Magma
A body of molten rock found at depth
Lava
Erupted Magma
18 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Resources that cannot be easily or quickly replaced
Recovering valuable materials from waste -- reusing it in a n…
Natural Resource
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Renewable Resource
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Absolute magnitude
Apparent magnitude
Constellations
Fusion
How bright a star actually is
How bright a star looks
Pattern of stars seen from earth
Process by which particles combine to form a new particle
Absolute magnitude
How bright a star actually is
Apparent magnitude
How bright a star looks
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
talus
exfoliation
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
an accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
type of weathering caused by reducing pressure on a rock surf…
mechanical weathering
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
frost wedging
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
13 terms
earth science vocabulary chapter 5
igneous rock
lava
extrusive
intrusive
are formed from the crystallization of magma
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
fine-grained igneous rock that forms when magma cools quickly…
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
igneous rock
are formed from the crystallization of magma
lava
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
32 terms
Chapter 5 The Changing Landscape (Earth Science)
anticline
syncline
fracture
fault
upward fold
downward fold
break in a rock
in Earth's crust along which movement occurs
anticline
upward fold
syncline
downward fold
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Bowen's Reaction Series
Fractional Crystallization
Igneous Rock
Lava
Sequential, predicable dual-branched pattern in which mineral…
Process in which different mineral crystallize from magma at…
Intrusive or extrusive rock formed from the cooling and cryst…
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface.
Bowen's Reaction Series
Sequential, predicable dual-branched pattern in which mineral…
Fractional Crystallization
Process in which different mineral crystallize from magma at…
Mr. Kendall Earth Science Chapter 5
Nonrenewable Energy Resource
Renewable Energy Resource
Fossil Fuel
Coal
A resource that takes a long time to remake/replace
A resource that can be replaced in a short amount of time
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
A rock that contains at least 50% land plant remains - nonren…
Nonrenewable Energy Resource
A resource that takes a long time to remake/replace
Renewable Energy Resource
A resource that can be replaced in a short amount of time
Earth Science - Chapter 5
nebular hypothesis
stratum
tectonic plates
Pangaea
everything that formed in a solar system nebula spins or orbi…
a rock layer
pieces of the continents
the supercontinent
nebular hypothesis
everything that formed in a solar system nebula spins or orbi…
stratum
a rock layer
12 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
anticline
syncline
fracture
fault
upward fold.
downward fold.
break in a rock.
break in Earth's crust along which movement occurs.
anticline
upward fold.
syncline
downward fold.
19 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resources
Non-renewable Resources
Recycling
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Materials from the environment that people use that can be re…
A resource that cannot be reused or replaced easily (ex. gems…
Convert waste into reusable material.
Natural Resource
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Renewable Resources
Materials from the environment that people use that can be re…
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Ice wedging
Mechanical weathering
Weathering
Acid rain
the mechanical weathering process in which water in the crack…
(physical weathering) the breaking down of rocks by physical…
the breaking down of rocks into smaller pieces by physical or…
the result of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and carbon dio…
Ice wedging
the mechanical weathering process in which water in the crack…
Mechanical weathering
(physical weathering) the breaking down of rocks by physical…
Earth Science (Chapter 5)
Plate
Fault
Earthquake
Lava
a large section of earth's crust and outer mantle that slowly…
a crack in the Earth's crust where slabs of rock can slip pas…
the shaking of the ground usually caused by movement of earth…
melted rock that flows from a volcano onto earth's surface
Plate
a large section of earth's crust and outer mantle that slowly…
Fault
a crack in the Earth's crust where slabs of rock can slip pas…
15 terms
Science Chapter 5 Earth Resources
streak
mineral
cleavage
luster
the color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scra…
natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
property of mineral to break along a smooth, flat surface
the way the surface of a mineral reflects light
streak
the color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scra…
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
15 terms
Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary- Earth's Resources
mineral
streak
luster
cleavage
natural, nonliving, solid crystals that make up rocks
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratche…
the way the surface of a mineral reflects light
property of minerals to break along smooth, flat, surfaces
mineral
natural, nonliving, solid crystals that make up rocks
streak
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratche…
18 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Resources that cannot be easily or quickly replaced
Recovering valuable materials from waste -- reusing it in a n…
Natural Resource
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Renewable Resource
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
natural resource
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
recycling
Any natural material that is used by humans
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same or faster…
A resource that forms at a rate much slower than that at whic…
The process of recovering valuable or useful materials from w…
natural resource
Any natural material that is used by humans
renewable resource
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same or faster…
82 terms
Chapter 5 Earth Science
Hydrologic cycle
Evaporation
Infiltration
Runoff
The unending cycle/circulation of water between Earth's spher…
The process by which liquid water changes into water vapor (g…
The water that goes into the water, slowly moving downward, t…
When the rate of rainfall exceeds Earth's ability to absorb i…
Hydrologic cycle
The unending cycle/circulation of water between Earth's spher…
Evaporation
The process by which liquid water changes into water vapor (g…
Chapter 5 Earth Science
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Talus
Exfoliation
The process of breaking down big rocks into smaller rocks.
The repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates.
A sloping mass of rock fragments at the foot of a cliff.
A form of mechanical weathering in which curved plates of roc…
Mechanical Weathering
The process of breaking down big rocks into smaller rocks.
Frost Wedging
The repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates.
30 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 5
Magma:Quickly cooling produces
2nd most common mineral
Water is an example of a
Magma: slowly cooling produces
small crystals
feldspar
non-mineral
large crystals
Magma:Quickly cooling produces
small crystals
2nd most common mineral
feldspar
16 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
perihelion
aphelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
when a planet is at its farthest from the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Nebular hypothesis
Stratum
Geologic column
Principle of superposition
The standard accepted secular model for the origin of all sta…
A rock layer in a sequence of layers. Tectonic processes can…
A secular model of the earth's geologic history that classifi…
Basic assumption that, in any undisturbed sequence of rock st…
Nebular hypothesis
The standard accepted secular model for the origin of all sta…
Stratum
A rock layer in a sequence of layers. Tectonic processes can…
22 terms
Space and Earth Science - Chapter 5
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
In general, any large body or large body orbiting any star. O…
A special geometric figure that can best be described as a fl…
In general, a point of geometric significance in the descript…
The point nearest the sun in the orbit of a planet or other s…
planet
In general, any large body or large body orbiting any star. O…
ellipse
A special geometric figure that can best be described as a fl…
20 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
perihelion
aphelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle or the elliptical orbits of the planets
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
when a planet is at its farthest from the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle or the elliptical orbits of the planets
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
fossil fuel
natural gas
coal
reserve
nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed ov…
fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found…
sedimentary rock formed from decayed plant material; the worl…
amount of a fossil fuel that can be extracted from Earth at a…
fossil fuel
nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed ov…
natural gas
fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found…
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