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Study sets matching "vocab hall biology health"

40 terms
Prentice Hall Human Biology and Health Ch. 7 Vocabulary
Endocrine Gland
Hormone
Target cell
Hypothalamus
A structure of the endocrine system which produces and releas…
The chemical product of an endocrine gland.
A cell in the body that recognizes a hormone's chemical struc…
A part of the brain that links the nervous system and the end…
Endocrine Gland
A structure of the endocrine system which produces and releas…
Hormone
The chemical product of an endocrine gland.
23 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 4 Vocabulary
mental disorder
anxiety
anxiety disorder
phobia
An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's abili…
Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that…
A disorder characterized by anxiety that persists for a long…
Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object.
mental disorder
An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's abili…
anxiety
Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that…
24 terms
Prentice hall human biology and health chapter 3
Aorta
Valve
Capillary
Platelet
carries blood from the left ventricle to the body.
a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward.
materials are exchanged between blood and the body's cells in…
cell fragments that play an important part in forming blood c…
Aorta
carries blood from the left ventricle to the body.
Valve
a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward.
40 terms
Prentice Hall Human Biology and Health Ch. 7 Vocabulary
Endocrine Gland
Hormone
Target cell
Hypothalamus
A structure of the endocrine system which produces and releas…
The chemical product of an endocrine gland.
A cell in the body that recognizes a hormone's chemical struc…
A part of the brain that links the nervous system and the end…
Endocrine Gland
A structure of the endocrine system which produces and releas…
Hormone
The chemical product of an endocrine gland.
24 terms
Prentice Hall Human Biology and Health Ch. 7 Vocabulary
Egg
Sperm
Fertilization
Zygote
A female sex cell.
A male sex cell.
The joining of a sperm and egg.
A fertilized egg (produced by joining sperm and egg).
Egg
A female sex cell.
Sperm
A male sex cell.
19 terms
Prentice Hall Human Biology and Health Ch. 7 Vocabulary LB extra
Zygote
Testes
Testosterone
Scrotum
A fertilized egg (produced by joining sperm and egg).
Male reproductive organ where sperm and testosterone are prod…
A hormone produced by the testes that controls the developmen…
An external pouch of skin where the testes are located.
Zygote
A fertilized egg (produced by joining sperm and egg).
Testes
Male reproductive organ where sperm and testosterone are prod…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
20 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 1 Vocabulary
health
life expectancy
goal
physical health
The overall well-being of your body , mind, and your relation…
The number of years a person can expect to live.
A result that a person aims for and works hard to reach.
The aspect of health that refers to how well your body functi…
health
The overall well-being of your body , mind, and your relation…
life expectancy
The number of years a person can expect to live.
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 1 Vocabulary
health
life expectancy
quality of life
goal
The overall well-being of your body , mind, and your relation…
The number of years a person can expect to live.
The degree of total satisfaction that a person gets from life.
A result that a person aims for and works hard to reach.
health
The overall well-being of your body , mind, and your relation…
life expectancy
The number of years a person can expect to live.
29 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
isotope
compound
ionic bond
ion
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
atom that has a positive or negative charge
isotope
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
compound
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 2 Vocabulary
personality
peer group
psychologist
identity
A set of behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and ways of thinking…
A group of people who are about the same age and share simila…
A person who studies how people think, feel, and behave.
A sense of self.
personality
A set of behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and ways of thinking…
peer group
A group of people who are about the same age and share simila…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 4 Vocabulary
mental disorder
anxiety
anxiety disorder
phobia
An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's abili…
Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that…
A disorder characterized by anxiety that persists for a long…
Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object.
mental disorder
An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's abili…
anxiety
Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Human Biology and Health Chapter 1 Sections 1-3 Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
the basic unit of structure and function in a living thing
the outside boundary of the cell
the control center the directs all of the cell's activites an…
The material in a cell apart from the nucleus
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in a living thing
cell membrane
the outside boundary of the cell
22 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 8 Vocabulary
nutrient
metabolism
calorie
carbohydrate
A substance in foods that the body needs to regulate bodily f…
The chemical process by which the body breaks down food to re…
Unit for the amount of energy released when nutrients are bro…
A nutrient made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that supp…
nutrient
A substance in foods that the body needs to regulate bodily f…
metabolism
The chemical process by which the body breaks down food to re…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 17 Vocabulary
medicine
over-the-counter drug
prescription drug
illegal drug
A legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, or di…
A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other store…
A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a…
A chemical substance that people of any age may not lawfully…
medicine
A legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, or di…
over-the-counter drug
A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other store…
78 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 1-4 Vocabulary
personality
peer group
psychologist
identity
A set of behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and ways of thinking…
A group of people who are about the same age and share simila…
A person who studies how people think, feel, and behave.
A sense of self.
personality
A set of behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and ways of thinking…
peer group
A group of people who are about the same age and share simila…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 2 Vocabulary
personality
peer group
psychologist
identity
A set of behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and ways of thinking…
A group of people who are about the same age and share simila…
A person who studies how people think, feel, and behave.
A sense of self.
personality
A set of behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and ways of thinking…
peer group
A group of people who are about the same age and share simila…
23 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 4 Vocabulary
mental disorder
anxiety
anxiety disorder
phobia
An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's abili…
Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that…
A disorder characterized by anxiety that persists for a long…
Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object.
mental disorder
An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's abili…
anxiety
Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Unit 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
data
inference
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
use of one or more of the senses--sight, hearing, touch, smel…
information gathered during an experiment
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
observation
use of one or more of the senses--sight, hearing, touch, smel…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 9 Vocabulary
hunger
appetite
basal metabolic rate
Daily Values
A feeling of discomfort caused by the body's need for nutrien…
A desire for food based more on emotional and other factors r…
The rate at which a person uses energy when the body is at re…
Recommendations that specify the amounts of certain nutrients…
hunger
A feeling of discomfort caused by the body's need for nutrien…
appetite
A desire for food based more on emotional and other factors r…
8 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 16 Vocabulary(Tobacco)
Nicotine
Chewing Tobacco
Stimulant
Tar
An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products
A smokeless tobacco product consists of poor quality, ground…
A type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous sys…
A dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns.
Nicotine
An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products
Chewing Tobacco
A smokeless tobacco product consists of poor quality, ground…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 8 Vocabulary
stress
Positive stress
distress
stressor
The response of your body and mind to being challenged or thr…
Stress that produces positive effects.
Stress that produces negative effects.
An event of situation that causes stress.
stress
The response of your body and mind to being challenged or thr…
Positive stress
Stress that produces positive effects.
19 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 6 Vocabulary
communication
"I" message
active listening
passive
The process of sharing information, thoughts, or feelings.
A statement that expresses your feelings, but does not blame…
Focusing your full attention on what another person is saying…
A term that describes people who hold back their true feeling…
communication
The process of sharing information, thoughts, or feelings.
"I" message
A statement that expresses your feelings, but does not blame…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
26 terms
Prentice hall Biology Chapter 26 Vocabulary
invertebrate
vertebrates
feedback inhibition
blastula
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column
animals with a backbone
the product or result of a process stops or limits the process
a hallow ball of cells
invertebrate
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column
vertebrates
animals with a backbone
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
isotope
compound
ionic bond
ion
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
atom that has a positive or negative charge
isotope
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
compound
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 3 Vocabulary
stress
eustress
distress
stressor
The response of your body and mind to being challenged or thr…
Stress that produces positive effects.
Stress that produces negative effects.
An event of situation that causes stress.
stress
The response of your body and mind to being challenged or thr…
eustress
Stress that produces positive effects.
50 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 5 Vocabulary
divorce
extended family
foster family
domestic abuse
A legal agreement to end a marriage.
A group of close relatives living together or near each other.
A family in which an adult or a couple cares for children who…
The abuse of one spouse by the other.
divorce
A legal agreement to end a marriage.
extended family
A group of close relatives living together or near each other.
10 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 4 Vocabulary
mental disorder
anxiety
phobia
compulsion
An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's abili…
Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that…
Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object.
An unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a…
mental disorder
An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's abili…
anxiety
Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that…
45 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
1) all living things are composed of cells 2) cells are the b…
the control center of the cell that contains nearly all the c…
cells that contain nuclei includes plants, animals and fungi
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
1) all living things are composed of cells 2) cells are the b…
19 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Violence
Homicide
Victim
Assailant
Is the threat of or actual use of physical force against ones…
Is the intentional killing of one person by another.
Is the person who is attacked.
Is a person who attacks another person.
Violence
Is the threat of or actual use of physical force against ones…
Homicide
Is the intentional killing of one person by another.
24 terms
Prentice hall science explorer human biology and health chapter 3
Aorta
Valve
Capillary
Platelet
carries blood from the left ventricle to the body.
a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward.
materials are exchanged between blood and the body's cells in…
cell fragments that play an important part in forming blood c…
Aorta
carries blood from the left ventricle to the body.
Valve
a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward.
18 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 22 Vocabulary
sexually transmitted infection (STI)
trichomoniasis
urethritis
vaginitis
An infection caused by any pathogen that spreads from one per…
A sexually transmitted infection caused by a protozoan that i…
Inflammation of the lining of the urethra.
A vaginal infection or irritation.
sexually transmitted infection (STI)
An infection caused by any pathogen that spreads from one per…
trichomoniasis
A sexually transmitted infection caused by a protozoan that i…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 8 Vocabulary
nutrient
metabolism
calorie
carbohydrate
A substance in foods that the body needs to regulate bodily f…
The chemical process by which the body breaks down food to re…
Unit for the amount of energy released when nutrients are bro…
A nutrient made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that supp…
nutrient
A substance in foods that the body needs to regulate bodily f…
metabolism
The chemical process by which the body breaks down food to re…
29 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Prentice Hall Biology
polar
nonpolar
Acid
Base
Bent molecule
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Hydrogen+Nonmetal
Metal +Hydroxide
polar
Bent molecule
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
16 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Nicotine
Smokeless Tobacco
Chewing Tobacco
Snuff
An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products
Tobacco products that are chewed, placed between the lower li…
A smokeless tobacco product consists of poor quality, ground…
A smokeless tobacco product that consists of dry or moist pow…
Nicotine
An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products
Smokeless Tobacco
Tobacco products that are chewed, placed between the lower li…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
21 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 8 Vocabulary
nutrient
metabolism
calorie
carbohydrate
A substance in foods that the body needs to regulate bodily f…
The chemical process by which the body breaks down food to re…
Unit for the amount of energy released when nutrients are bro…
A nutrient made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that supp…
nutrient
A substance in foods that the body needs to regulate bodily f…
metabolism
The chemical process by which the body breaks down food to re…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 1 Vocabulary
health
life expectancy
quality of life
goal
The overall well-being of your body , mind, and your relation…
The number of years a person can expect to live.
The degree of total satisfaction that a person gets from life.
A result that a person aims for and works hard to reach.
health
The overall well-being of your body , mind, and your relation…
life expectancy
The number of years a person can expect to live.
29 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Human Biology and Health Chapter 1 Sections 1-3 Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
the basic unit of structure and function in a living thing
the outside boundary of the cell
the control center the directs all of the cell's activites an…
The material in a cell apart from the nucleus
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in a living thing
cell membrane
the outside boundary of the cell
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Vocabulary and Key Concepts
Genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
The scientific study of heredity
A process in which during sexual reproduction, male and femal…
meaning that if the organism were allowed to self-pollinate,…
a specific characteristic, such as seed shape or plant height…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
fertilization
A process in which during sexual reproduction, male and femal…
28 terms
Prentice Hall - Human Biology and Health - Chapter 5 - Fighting Disease
pathogens
infectious disease
toxin
Inflammatory response
An organisms that causes disease
a disease that is caused by the presence of a living thing in…
A poison produced by bacterial pathogens that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens, in which fluid…
pathogens
An organisms that causes disease
infectious disease
a disease that is caused by the presence of a living thing in…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 3 Vocabulary
stress
eustress
distress
stressor
The response of your body and mind to being challenged or thr…
Stress that produces positive effects.
Stress that produces negative effects.
An event of situation that causes stress.
stress
The response of your body and mind to being challenged or thr…
eustress
Stress that produces positive effects.
147 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 1 Vocabulary, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary, Prentice hall Biology chapter 3 vocabulary, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Science
observation
data
inference
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
the info gathered by observations
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience
Science
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
observation
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Health Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Nicotine
Smokeless Tobacco
Chewing Tobacco
Snuff
An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products
Tobacco products that are chewed, placed between the lower li…
A smokeless tobacco product consists of poor quality, ground…
A smokeless tobacco product that consists of dry or moist pow…
Nicotine
An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products
Smokeless Tobacco
Tobacco products that are chewed, placed between the lower li…
77 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer: Human Biology and Health Ch. 2
nutrient
calorie
carbohydrate
glucose
substance in food that provides the raw materials and energy…
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
nutrient composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen that is a m…
a sugar that is the major source of energy for the body's cells
nutrient
substance in food that provides the raw materials and energy…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
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