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Study sets matching "vocab hall biology miller levine"

33 terms
Chapter 29 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
radial symmetry
bilateral symmetry
cephalization
coelom
body parts extend from the center of the body.
mirror image left and right sides
consentration of sense organs and nerve cells in front of the…
body cavity, forms between the germ layers.
radial symmetry
body parts extend from the center of the body.
bilateral symmetry
mirror image left and right sides
25 terms
Chapter 26 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
animals
Invertabrates
Vertebrates
radical symmetry
part of the animalia kindom, multicellular.
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column.
they have a backbone
any number of imaginary planes can be drawn through the cente…
animals
part of the animalia kindom, multicellular.
Invertabrates
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column.
24 terms
Miller & Levine Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 16
Gene Pool
Relative Frequency
Mutation
Gene Shuffling
Consists of all genes, including all the different alleles, t…
Number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool, compared wit…
Any change in sequence of DNA due to mistakes in the replicat…
Occurs during gamete formation. (Recall that each chromosome…
Gene Pool
Consists of all genes, including all the different alleles, t…
Relative Frequency
Number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool, compared wit…
35 terms
Chapter 32 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall biology.
Mammals
Mammary glands
Subcutaneous fat
Diaphragm
all mammals breathe air, have four chambered hearts, and are…
produce milk to nourish the young
a layer of fat located beneath the skin, also helps conserve…
a powerful muscle that aids in breathing.
Mammals
all mammals breathe air, have four chambered hearts, and are…
Mammary glands
produce milk to nourish the young
25 terms
Chapter 30 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
Chordates
Notochord
Pharyngeal pouches
Vertebrae
an animal that has, for at least some stage of its life, a do…
a long supporting rod that runs through the body just below t…
paired structures in the throat region.
the individual segments of the backbone that provide support…
Chordates
an animal that has, for at least some stage of its life, a do…
Notochord
a long supporting rod that runs through the body just below t…
50 terms
Chapter 21 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are fungi?
Chitin
hypae
cross walls
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
thin filaments that multicellular fungi are composed of.
things that divide the hypae into cells containing one or two…
What are fungi?
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
Chitin
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
45 terms
Chapter 34 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
Behavior
Stimulus
Response
Innate Behavior
as the way an organism reacts to changes in its internal cond…
is any kind of signal that carries information and can be det…
A single, specific reaction to a stimulus- such as waking up…
an instinct
Behavior
as the way an organism reacts to changes in its internal cond…
Stimulus
is any kind of signal that carries information and can be det…
32 terms
Miller & Levine Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 3
Ecology
Biosphere
Species
Populations
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
The biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems.
One of the basic units of biological classification and a tax…
A particular section, group, or type of people or animals liv…
Ecology
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Biosphere
The biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems.
39 terms
Miller & Levine Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4
Weather
Climate
Greenhouse Effect
Polar Zones
Day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular ti…
The average, year-after-conditions of temperature and precipi…
Natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer of…
Cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
Day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular ti…
Climate
The average, year-after-conditions of temperature and precipi…
36 terms
Chapter 24 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are the reproductive structures o…
Describe the flower and how it is inol…
Are angiosperm typically wind pollinat…
pollen cones
reproduction in gymnosperm takes place in cones, which are pr…
Flowers are reproductive organs that are composed of four kin…
Most gymnosperm and some angiosperms are wind polinated, wher…
called male cones; prouces male gametophytes
What are the reproductive structures o…
reproduction in gymnosperm takes place in cones, which are pr…
Describe the flower and how it is inol…
Flowers are reproductive organs that are composed of four kin…
18 terms
Miller & Levine Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 15
Evolution
Theory
Darwin's Travels
Fossils
Process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient…
A well-supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
During his travels, he made numerous observations and collect…
Preserved remains of ancient organisms.
Evolution
Process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient…
Theory
A well-supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
9 terms
Miller & Levine Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 18
Taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
Phylogeny
Evolutionary Classification
Discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
Two word naming system.
The study of evolutionary relationship
Method of grouping organisms together according to their evol…
Taxonomy
Discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
Binomial Nomenclature
Two word naming system.
22 terms
Miller & Levine Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 17
Paleontologists
Fossil Record
Extinct
Relative dating
Scientists who study fossils.
Evidence about the history of life on Earth.
Species died out.
Age of fossil comparing placement in layers of rock.
Paleontologists
Scientists who study fossils.
Fossil Record
Evidence about the history of life on Earth.
35 terms
Chapter 32 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall biology.
Mammals
Mammary glands
Subcutaneous fat
Diaphragm
all mammals breathe air, have four chambered hearts, and are…
produce milk to nourish the young
a layer of fat located beneath the skin, also helps conserve…
a powerful muscle that aids in breathing.
Mammals
all mammals breathe air, have four chambered hearts, and are…
Mammary glands
produce milk to nourish the young
50 terms
Chapter 21 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are fungi?
Chitin
hypae
cross walls
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
thin filaments that multicellular fungi are composed of.
things that divide the hypae into cells containing one or two…
What are fungi?
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
Chitin
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
15 terms
Chapter 23 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are the three principle organs of…
Roots
Stems
leaves
roots, stems, and leaves
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
supporting structures that connects roots and leaves and carr…
photosynthetic organ that contains one or more bundels of vas…
What are the three principle organs of…
roots, stems, and leaves
Roots
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
15 terms
Chapter 23 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are the three principle organs of…
Roots
Stems
leaves
roots, stems, and leaves
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
supporting structures that connects roots and leaves and carr…
photosynthetic organ that contains one or more bundels of vas…
What are the three principle organs of…
roots, stems, and leaves
Roots
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
35 terms
Chapter 21 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are fungi?
Chitin
hypae
What is the typical body structure of…
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
thin filaments that multicellular fungi are composed of.
The bodies of multicellular fungi are composed of many hypae…
What are fungi?
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
Chitin
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
49 terms
Chapter 24 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are the reproductive structures o…
Describe the flower and how it is inol…
Are angiosperm typically wind pollinat…
pollen cones
reproduction in gymnosperm takes place in cones, which are pr…
Flowers are reproductive organs that are composed of four kin…
Most gymnosperm and some angiosperms are wind polinated, wher…
called male cones; prouces male gametophytes
What are the reproductive structures o…
reproduction in gymnosperm takes place in cones, which are pr…
Describe the flower and how it is inol…
Flowers are reproductive organs that are composed of four kin…
8 terms
Chapter 29 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
radial symmetry
cephalization
acoelomate
closed circulatory system
body parts extend from the center of the body.
consentration of sense organs and nerve cells in front of the…
No body cavity between the germ layers
a heart or heartlike organ forces blood through vessels that…
radial symmetry
body parts extend from the center of the body.
cephalization
consentration of sense organs and nerve cells in front of the…
Chapter 29 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
radial symmetry
bilateral symmetry
cephalization
coelom
body parts extend from the center of the body.
mirror image left and right sides
consentration of sense organs and nerve cells in front of the…
body cavity, forms between the germ layers.
radial symmetry
body parts extend from the center of the body.
bilateral symmetry
mirror image left and right sides
50 terms
Chapter 21 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are fungi?
Chitin
hypae
cross walls
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
thin filaments that multicellular fungi are composed of.
things that divide the hypae into cells containing one or two…
What are fungi?
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
Chitin
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
Miller & Levine Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 16
Gene Pool
Relative Frequency
Mutation
Gene Shuffling
Consists of all genes, including all the different alleles, t…
Number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool, compared wit…
Any change in sequence of DNA due to mistakes in the replicat…
Occurs during gamete formation. (Recall that each chromosome…
Gene Pool
Consists of all genes, including all the different alleles, t…
Relative Frequency
Number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool, compared wit…
36 terms
Biology Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life | Prentice Hall Biology by Miller and Levine
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
basic unit of matter
protons and neutrons bound together at the center of the atom
positive charge, forms the nucleus/inside the nucleus
neutral/no charge, forms the nucleus/inside the nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
protons and neutrons bound together at the center of the atom
15 terms
Chapter 22 Miller and Levin Prentice Hall Biology
sporophyte
gametophyte
what three features do botanists use t…
Identify the characteristics of the pl…
diploid phase; or spore producing plant
haploid phase; or gamete- producing plant
water- conducting tissues, seeds, and flowers
Plants are multicellular eukaryotes that have cell walls made…
sporophyte
diploid phase; or spore producing plant
gametophyte
haploid phase; or gamete- producing plant
18 terms
Chapter 21 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are fungi?
Chitin
hypae
cross walls
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
thin filaments that multicellular fungi are composed of.
things that divide the hypae into cells containing one or two…
What are fungi?
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
Chitin
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
25 terms
Chapter 26 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
animals
Invertabrates
Vertebrates
radical symmetry
part of the animalia kindom, multicellular.
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column.
they have a backbone
any number of imaginary planes can be drawn through the cente…
animals
part of the animalia kindom, multicellular.
Invertabrates
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column.
36 terms
Chapter 24 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are the reproductive structures o…
Describe the flower and how it is inol…
Are angiosperm typically wind pollinat…
pollen cones
reproduction in gymnosperm takes place in cones, which are pr…
Flowers are reproductive organs that are composed of four kin…
Most gymnosperm and some angiosperms are wind polinated, wher…
called male cones; prouces male gametophytes
What are the reproductive structures o…
reproduction in gymnosperm takes place in cones, which are pr…
Describe the flower and how it is inol…
Flowers are reproductive organs that are composed of four kin…
24 terms
Chapter 23 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are the three principle organs of…
Roots
Stems
leaves
roots, stems, and leaves
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
supporting structures that connects roots and leaves and carr…
photosynthetic organ that contains one or more bundels of vas…
What are the three principle organs of…
roots, stems, and leaves
Roots
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
27 terms
Chapter 21 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are fungi?
Chitin
hypae
cross walls
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
thin filaments that multicellular fungi are composed of.
things that divide the hypae into cells containing one or two…
What are fungi?
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
Chitin
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohy…
Chapter 30 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
Chordates
Notochord
Pharyngeal pouches
Vertebrae
an animal that has, for at least some stage of its life, a do…
a long supporting rod that runs through the body just below t…
paired structures in the throat region.
the individual segments of the backbone that provide support…
Chordates
an animal that has, for at least some stage of its life, a do…
Notochord
a long supporting rod that runs through the body just below t…
15 terms
Chapter 23 Miller and Levine Prentice Hall Biology
What are the three principle organs of…
Roots
Stems
leaves
roots, stems, and leaves
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
supporting structures that connects roots and leaves and carr…
photosynthetic organ that contains one or more bundels of vas…
What are the three principle organs of…
roots, stems, and leaves
Roots
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
36 terms
Biology Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life | Prentice Hall Biology by Miller and Levine
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
basic unit of matter
protons and neutrons bound together at the center of the atom
positive charge, forms the nucleus/inside the nucleus
neutral/no charge, forms the nucleus/inside the nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
protons and neutrons bound together at the center of the atom
28 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 3 Ecology Vocabulary
ecology
biosphere
species
ecosystem
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
all life and all of Earth in which life exists, including lan…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
all the organisms that live in a place, together with their n…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
all life and all of Earth in which life exists, including lan…
29 terms
Biology 1 chapter 1 VOCABULARY (Miller & Levine)
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
act of noticing and describing events in a careful, orderly way
logical interpretation based on what scientists already know
scientific explanation for a set of observations that can be…
science
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
observation
act of noticing and describing events in a careful, orderly way
24 terms
Miller Levine Biology Ch 13 & 14 Vocabulary
karyotypes
sex chromosomes
autosomes
pedigree
a picture of chromosomes arranged by homologous pairs
two of the 46 chromosomes that determine an individual's sex
the remaining 44 chromosomes, they do not determine the sex o…
chart that shows the relationship within a family
karyotypes
a picture of chromosomes arranged by homologous pairs
sex chromosomes
two of the 46 chromosomes that determine an individual's sex
36 terms
Biology Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life | Prentice Hall Biology by Miller and Levine
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
basic unit of matter
protons and neutrons bound together at the center of the atom
positive charge, forms the nucleus/inside the nucleus
neutral/no charge, forms the nucleus/inside the nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
protons and neutrons bound together at the center of the atom
13 terms
Miller Levine Biology (Evolution)
evolution
theory
fossils
artificial selection
change over time, or the process by which modern organisms ha…
a well-supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
preserved remains of ancient organisms
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
evolution
change over time, or the process by which modern organisms ha…
theory
a well-supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Biology by Miller Levine; Chapter 18-1,2,3
Taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
Genus
Taxon
discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
group of closely related species, first part of the scientifi…
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
Taxonomy
discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
Binomial Nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
12 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
population density
age structure
immigration
emigration
the number of individuals of a given species per unit area
the number of males and females of each age contained within…
moving into a region; increased population density results
moving out of a region; decreased population density results
population density
the number of individuals of a given species per unit area
age structure
the number of males and females of each age contained within…
30 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Vocabulary Chapter 14
genome
karyotype (14.1) 341
sex chromosome (14.1) 341
autosome (14.1) 341
Entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
Micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
One of two chromosomes that determines an individual's sex (X…
Chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; also called autosoma…
genome
Entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
karyotype (14.1) 341
Micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
36 terms
Biology Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life | Prentice Hall Biology by Miller and Levine
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
basic unit of matter
protons and neutrons bound together at the center of the atom
positive charge, forms the nucleus/inside the nucleus
neutral/no charge, forms the nucleus/inside the nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
protons and neutrons bound together at the center of the atom
51 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
day-to-day condition of the atmosphere, including temperature…
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
process in which certain gases trap sunlight energy in Earth'…
weather
day-to-day condition of the atmosphere, including temperature…
climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
31 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
canopy
understory
deciduous
coniferous
dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall forest trees
layer in a forest found underneath the canopy formed by short…
term used to refer to a type of tree that sheds its leaves du…
term used to refer to trees that produce seed-bearing cones a…
canopy
dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall forest trees
understory
layer in a forest found underneath the canopy formed by short…
18 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary: Classification
binomial nomenclature
genus
systematics
taxon
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
group of closely related species; the first part of the scien…
study of the diversity of life and the evolutionary relations…
a group or level of organization into which organisms are cla…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
genus
group of closely related species; the first part of the scien…
25 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
logical interpretation based on what scientists already know
a scientific explanation for a set of observations that can b…
science
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
observation
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
27 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Biology Chapter 12: Miller and Levine
transformation
Bacteriophage
bacteriophage attaches to the surface…
to store, ... copy, and ... transmit genetic…
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
how bacteriophages work
DNA's roles (3)
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
16 terms
Miller & levine Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
type of reproduction in which the cells from two parents unit…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
29 terms
Miller & Levine Biology 8
energy
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
photosynthesis
the ability to do work
an important compound used by cells for the storage and relea…
a molecule that has 2 phosphate groups and stores less energy…
the process by which plants convert the energy of sunlight in…
energy
the ability to do work
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
an important compound used by cells for the storage and relea…
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