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Study sets matching "vocab hall biology"

31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
isotope
compound
ionic bond
ion
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
atom that has a positive or negative charge
isotope
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
compound
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
26 terms
Prentice hall Biology Chapter 26 Vocabulary
invertebrate
vertebrates
feedback inhibition
blastula
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column
animals with a backbone
the product or result of a process stops or limits the process
a hallow ball of cells
invertebrate
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column
vertebrates
animals with a backbone
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Unit 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
data
inference
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
use of one or more of the senses--sight, hearing, touch, smel…
information gathered during an experiment
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
observation
use of one or more of the senses--sight, hearing, touch, smel…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
45 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
1) all living things are composed of cells 2) cells are the b…
the control center of the cell that contains nearly all the c…
cells that contain nuclei includes plants, animals and fungi
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
1) all living things are composed of cells 2) cells are the b…
50 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
isotope
compound
ionic bond
ion
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
atom that has a positive or negative charge
isotope
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
compound
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
32 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
29 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Prentice Hall Biology
polar
nonpolar
Acid
Base
Bent molecule
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Hydrogen+Nonmetal
Metal +Hydroxide
polar
Bent molecule
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Vocabulary and Key Concepts
Genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
The scientific study of heredity
A process in which during sexual reproduction, male and femal…
meaning that if the organism were allowed to self-pollinate,…
a specific characteristic, such as seed shape or plant height…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
fertilization
A process in which during sexual reproduction, male and femal…
147 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 1 Vocabulary, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary, Prentice hall Biology chapter 3 vocabulary, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Science
observation
data
inference
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
the info gathered by observations
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience
Science
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
observation
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Prentice Hall Biology - Ecology vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Autotroph
Biomass
Biome
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
total amount of living tissue within a given trophic level
group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant c…
Abiotic factor
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
Autotroph
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
46 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 4 Vocab
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
the region between 66.5 degrees and 90 degrees North and Sout…
weather
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
Prentice Hall Biology - Ecology vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Autotroph
Biomass
Biome
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
total amount of living tissue within a given trophic level
group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant c…
Abiotic factor
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
Autotroph
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
44 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Weather
climate
greenhouse effect
Polar Zone
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
climate
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chap 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
43 terms
Prentice Hall Biology - Ecology vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Autotroph
Biomass
Biome
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
total amount of living tissue within a given trophic level
group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant c…
Abiotic factor
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
Autotroph
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
ecology
biosphere
species
population
The scientific study of interactions among organisms and thei…
The combined portions of the planet in which all of life exis…
A group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
Groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
The scientific study of interactions among organisms and thei…
biosphere
The combined portions of the planet in which all of life exis…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
22 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 7 Vocab
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
36 terms
Prentice Hall Biology - Ecology vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Autotroph
Biomass
Biome
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
total amount of living tissue within a given trophic level
group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant c…
Abiotic factor
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
Autotroph
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
34 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process when male and female reproductive cells join to form…
when organisms produce offspring identical to themselves when…
specific characteristic like color or height
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process when male and female reproductive cells join to form…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Biology - Ecology vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Biosphere
Biotic factor
Commensalism
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
part of eatrth in which life exists including land, water, an…
Biological influence on organisms within an ecosystem
Symbiotic relationship in which one memeber of the associatio…
Abiotic factor
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
Biosphere
part of eatrth in which life exists including land, water, an…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology - Ecology vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Biosphere
Biotic factor
Commensalism
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
part of eatrth in which life exists including land, water, an…
Biological influence on organisms within an ecosystem
Symbiotic relationship in which one memeber of the associatio…
Abiotic factor
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
Biosphere
part of eatrth in which life exists including land, water, an…
29 terms
Prentice Hall/Pearson: Biology- Vocabulary Ch. 13
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
Ribonucleic acid: single stranded nucleic acid that contains…
Type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the Assem…
type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
Type of RNA that carries each amino acids to ribosomes during…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid: single stranded nucleic acid that contains…
Messenger RNA
Type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the Assem…
22 terms
prentice hall biology chapter 5 vocabulary
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
movement of individuals out of a population
growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
Population Density
the number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
a process where the male and female reproductive cells join
if they were allowed to self-pollinat, they would produce off…
a specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
a process where the male and female reproductive cells join
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 11 Vocab
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
42 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 9 Vocab
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
process in which one molecule of gluco…
1000 calories, used on food
process that releases energy by breaki…
calorie
gycolysis
Calorie
cellular respiration
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
calorie
process in which one molecule of gluco…
gycolysis
27 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 12 Vocab
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
22 terms
Prentice Hall Biology - Ecology vocabulary
Abiotic
Autotroph
Biome
Biosphere
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant c…
part of eatrth in which life exists including land, water, an…
Abiotic
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
Autotroph
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
44 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Weather
climate
greenhouse effect
Polar Zone
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
climate
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary Section 1-3
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
10 terms
Biology 1 Prentice Hall Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell division
Centromere
Interphase
Cell cycle
the process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
the period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
the series of events that cells go through as they grow and d…
Cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Centromere
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
12 terms
Prentice-Hall Biology, Chapter 13 vocabulary
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
the continued breedingg of individuals with similar character…
making changes in the DNA code of a living organism
selective breeding
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
hybridization
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 36 Vocabulary
a tough layer of connective tissue tha…
a network of tubes running through com…
soft tissue inside the cavities within…
strong connective tissue that supports…
periosteum
Haversian canal
bone marrow
cartilage
a tough layer of connective tissue tha…
periosteum
a network of tubes running through com…
Haversian canal
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