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Study sets matching "vocab hall biology"

38 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 39 Vocabulary
Hormone
Target Cells
Exocrine gland
Endocrine Glands
Chemicals released in one part of the body that travel throug…
cells that have receptors for a particular hormone
release secretions, through tubelike structures called ducts,…
release secretions (hormones) directly to blood stream.
Hormone
Chemicals released in one part of the body that travel throug…
Target Cells
cells that have receptors for a particular hormone
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary [COMPLETE]
Evolution
Theory
Fossil
Natural variation
Change over time, the process by which modern organisms have…
A well-supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
Preserved remains of ancient organisms.
Differences among individuals of a species.
Evolution
Change over time, the process by which modern organisms have…
Theory
A well-supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
9 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
aerobic
krebs cycle
electron transport chain
fermentation
require oxygen
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
a series of proteins in which the high energy electrons form…
when oxygen in not present, glycolysis is followed by a diffe…
aerobic
require oxygen
krebs cycle
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
11 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2.1 vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
elements
the basic unit of matter; made up of electrons, protons, and…
the center of atoms
a negatively charged particle with 1/1840 the mass of a proto…
a pure substance entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter; made up of electrons, protons, and…
nucleus
the center of atoms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 40
Disease
Pathogen
Germ theory of disease
Koch's postulates
Any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
Disease-causing agent, such as bacterium or fungus
Idea that infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms, o…
Series of guidelines used to identify the microorganism that…
Disease
Any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
Pathogen
Disease-causing agent, such as bacterium or fungus
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 13
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
an organism that has many sets of chromosomes
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chp. 10 Vocabulary
the process by which the cell divides…
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
the area in which the chromatids of a…
the period of the cell cycle between c…
cell division
chromatid
centromere
interphase
the process by which the cell divides…
cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
chromatid
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
segregation
independent assortment
incomplete dominance
codominance
separation of alleles during gamete formation
independent segregation of genes during the formation of game…
situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over…
situation in which both allele of a gene contribute to the ph…
segregation
separation of alleles during gamete formation
independent assortment
independent segregation of genes during the formation of game…
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 1 Vocabulary
Science
observation
data
inference
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
the info gathered by observations
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience
Science
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
observation
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chp. 10 Vocabulary
the process by which the cell divides…
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
the area in which the chromatids of a…
the period of the cell cycle between c…
cell division
chromatid
centromere
interphase
the process by which the cell divides…
cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
chromatid
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
taxon
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
is a group of closely related species
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
taxonomy
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
a molecule that carries copies of inst…
makes up the major part of ribosomes
a molecule that transfers amino acids…
the process in which part of the nucle…
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
transcription
a molecule that carries copies of inst…
messenger RNA
makes up the major part of ribosomes
ribosomal RNA
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
a process where the male and female reproductive cells join
if they were allowed to self-pollinat, they would produce off…
a specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
a process where the male and female reproductive cells join
35 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
nucleus
eukaryotes
prokaryotes
the basic units of life
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cells that do NOT contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
nucleus
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
50 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Chapter 30 Biology Vocabulary
Chordate
Notochord
Phyryngeal pouches
Vertebrae
An animal that has for at least at some stage of its life: a…
A long supporting rod that runs through the body just below t…
Paired structures in the throat region.
The backbone
Chordate
An animal that has for at least at some stage of its life: a…
Notochord
A long supporting rod that runs through the body just below t…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
17 terms
Chapter 5 Prentice Hall Biology Vocabulary
cell cycle
cell division
mitosis
interphase
period of time from the beginning of one cell division to the…
process in which a cell divides into two independent daughter…
process of cell division in eukaryotic cells
G1, S, and G2 phases; occurs between cell divisions
cell cycle
period of time from the beginning of one cell division to the…
cell division
process in which a cell divides into two independent daughter…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Evolution
theory
fossils
artificial selection
process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient…
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
the preserved remains of ancient organisms
nature provided the variation and humans selected those varia…
Evolution
process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient…
theory
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
44 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Weather
climate
greenhouse effect
Polar Zone
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
climate
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
44 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Weather
climate
greenhouse effect
Polar Zone
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
climate
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
44 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Weather
climate
greenhouse effect
Polar Zone
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
climate
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 8
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 7.3 vocabulary Brookfield
cell membrane
cell wall
lipid bilayer
concentration
a thin, flexible barrier around a cell
strong supporting layer around a cell
the composition of nearly all cell membranes is a double laye…
the mass of solute in a given volume of solution or mass/volume
cell membrane
a thin, flexible barrier around a cell
cell wall
strong supporting layer around a cell
46 terms
Biology (Prentice Hall) Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
the day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere in a particaul…
an average, year-to-year condition of Temperature and precipi…
when the atmospheric gases such as carbon dioxide, mathane, w…
the cold area of the earth where the sun's rays strike earth…
weather
the day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere in a particaul…
climate
an average, year-to-year condition of Temperature and precipi…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 15 vocabulary
Evolution
theory
fossils
artificial selection
change over time
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
the preserved remains of ancient organisms
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
Evolution
change over time
theory
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
10 terms
Biology 1 Prentice Hall Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell division
Centromere
Interphase
Cell cycle
the process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
the period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
the series of events that cells go through as they grow and d…
Cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Centromere
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
25 terms
Prentice Hall: Biology - Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Base Pairing
A process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gen…
A virus that infects bacteria
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
A process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gen…
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria
22 terms
prentice hall biology chapter 5 vocabulary
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
movement of individuals out of a population
growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
9 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
aerobic
krebs cycle
electron transport chain
fermentation
require oxygen
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
a series of proteins in which the high energy electrons form…
when oxygen in not present, glycolysis is followed by a diffe…
aerobic
require oxygen
krebs cycle
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 29 Vocabulary
coelom
intracellular digestion
extracellular digestion
open circulatory system
Fluid-filled body cavity lined with mesoderm
Food is digested inside cells.
Food is broken down outside the cells in a digestive cavity o…
Blood is partially contained within a system of blood vessels
coelom
Fluid-filled body cavity lined with mesoderm
intracellular digestion
Food is digested inside cells.
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
taxon
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
is a group of closely related species
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
taxonomy
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
12 terms
Chapter 7 Prentice Hall Biology Vocabulary
Karyotype
autosome
sex chromosome
pedigree
diagrammatic representation of individual chromosomes cut out…
any chromosome other than a sex chromosome
X and Y chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
diagram that tracks the inheritance of a single gene through…
Karyotype
diagrammatic representation of individual chromosomes cut out…
autosome
any chromosome other than a sex chromosome
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 15 vocabulary
Evolution
theory
fossils
artificial selection
change over time
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
the preserved remains of ancient organisms
nature provided the variation and humans selected those varia…
Evolution
change over time
theory
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
taxon
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
is a group of closely related species
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
taxonomy
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Evolution
Theory
Fossil
Artificial selection
change in a kind of organism over times: process by which mod…
well-test explanation that unifies a board range of observati…
preserved remains or evidence of an ancient organism.
selection by human for breeding of useful traits from the nat…
Evolution
change in a kind of organism over times: process by which mod…
Theory
well-test explanation that unifies a board range of observati…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chp. 10 Vocabulary
the process by which the cell divides…
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
the area in which the chromatids of a…
the period of the cell cycle between c…
cell division
chromatid
centromere
interphase
the process by which the cell divides…
cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
chromatid
18 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 1 Vocabulary
Science
observation
data
inference
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
the info gathered by observations
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience
Science
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
observation
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 7.3 vocabulary Brookfield
cell membrane
cell wall
lipid bilayer
concentration
a thin, flexible barrier around a cell
strong supporting layer around a cell
the composition of nearly all cell membranes is a double laye…
the mass of solute in a given volume of solution or mass/volume
cell membrane
a thin, flexible barrier around a cell
cell wall
strong supporting layer around a cell
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
probability
Punnett square
homozygous
heterozygous
likelihood that a particular event will occur
diagram showing the gene combinations that might result from…
term used to refer to an organism that has two identical alle…
term used to refer to an organism that has two different alle…
probability
likelihood that a particular event will occur
Punnett square
diagram showing the gene combinations that might result from…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
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