Study sets matching "vocab hall biology"

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Study sets matching "vocab hall biology"

46 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 4 Vocab
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
the region between 66.5 degrees and 90 degrees North and Sout…
weather
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
29 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
22 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology 3-2 Vocabulary
organisms that can capture energy from…
organisms that can capture energy from…
the process by which plants and some o…
a process by which some organisms use…
autotroph
producers
photosynthesis
chemosynthesis
organisms that can capture energy from…
autotroph
organisms that can capture energy from…
producers
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 15 vocabulary
Evolution
theory
fossils
artificial selection
change over time
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
the preserved remains of ancient organisms
nature provided the variation and humans selected those varia…
Evolution
change over time
theory
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
24 terms
Prentice hall Biology chapter 6 vocabulary
Agriculture
Monoculture
Green revolution
Renewable resources
Practice of farming
A farming strategy where one plant is planted a year
The effort to increase food production
Regenerate if they are alive and replenished by biogeochemica…
Agriculture
Practice of farming
Monoculture
A farming strategy where one plant is planted a year
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 7 Vocab
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
9 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7.4 Vocabulary
cell specialization
tissue
organ
organ system
cells throughout organisms that develop in different ways to…
a group of similar cells that perform a particular functions…
many groups of tissues that work together such as stomach,
a group of organs that work together to perform specified fun…
cell specialization
cells throughout organisms that develop in different ways to…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform a particular functions…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology 7-2 Vocabulary
"little organs"- specialized structure…
material inside the cell membrane—not…
layer of two membranes that surrounds…
granular material visible within the n…
organelles
cytoplasm
nuclear envelope
chromatin
"little organs"- specialized structure…
organelles
material inside the cell membrane—not…
cytoplasm
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chp. 10 Vocabulary
the process by which the cell divides…
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
the area in which the chromatids of a…
the period of the cell cycle between c…
cell division
chromatid
centromere
interphase
the process by which the cell divides…
cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
chromatid
53 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Unit 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
data
inference
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
use of one or more of the senses--sight, hearing, touch, smel…
information gathered during an experiment
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
observation
use of one or more of the senses--sight, hearing, touch, smel…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
taxon
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
is a group of closely related species
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
taxonomy
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
13 terms
Prentice Hall biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
evolution
theory
fossil
artificial selection
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
preserved remains or evidence of an ancient organism
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
evolution
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
theory
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 16 Vocabulary
gene pool
relative frequency
single-gene trait
polygenic traits
all genes, including all the different alleles, that are pres…
the number of times that the allele occurs in a gene pool, co…
a trait controlled by a single gene that has two alleles
traits that are controlled by two or more genes
gene pool
all genes, including all the different alleles, that are pres…
relative frequency
the number of times that the allele occurs in a gene pool, co…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
climate
greenhouse effect
global warming
biotic factors
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and pr…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by a layer of…
an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
the biological influences on organisms within an ecosystem
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and pr…
greenhouse effect
the natural situation in which heat is retained by a layer of…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Chromatid
Centromere
Interphase
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
26 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
genetics
true-breeding
trait
hybrid
the scientific study of heredity
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
true-breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 11 Vocab
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 15 Vocabulary
adaptation
artificial selection
common descent
descent with modification
inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chances…
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
principle that all living things have a common ancestor
principle that each living species has descended, with change…
adaptation
inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chances…
artificial selection
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
27 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 12 Vocab
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
30 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
ecology
biosphere
species
population
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
largest house that contains the combined portions of the plan…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
group of individuals that belong to the same species and live…
ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
biosphere
largest house that contains the combined portions of the plan…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology 7-3 Vocabulary
thin, flexible barrier around a cell;…
strong supporting layer around the cel…
double-layered sheet that forms the co…
the mass of solute in a given volume o…
cell membrane
cell wall
lipid bilayer
concentration
thin, flexible barrier around a cell;…
cell membrane
strong supporting layer around the cel…
cell wall
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 12 Vocabulary
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleus acids made up if a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between between ade…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
33 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter | 2-1
the center or main part of the atom | 2-1
negatively charged particles in the nucleus | 2-1
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom |…
atom
the basic unit of matter | 2-1
nucleus
the center or main part of the atom | 2-1
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary Section 1-3
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Prentice Hall Biology Final Vocabulary
aerobic
metabolism
glycolysis
The Krebs Cycle
process requiring oxygen
what the cell's chemical processes make up
the first step of breaking down a glucose molecule-"splitting…
finishes the breakdown of pyruvic acid molecules to carbon di…
aerobic
process requiring oxygen
metabolism
what the cell's chemical processes make up
17 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 16 Vocabulary
gene pool
relative frequency
single-gene trait
polygenic trait
combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
trait controlled by a single gene that has two alleles
trait controlled by two or more genes
gene pool
combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
relative frequency
number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 8 Vocab
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
15 terms
Hall Biology Vocab #4
Genetic engineering
Phloem
Nutrients
Xylem
Moving or changing the genes of plants
The tubes in plant stems which conduct food from leaves throu…
Plant food elements
Conducting tissues (tubes) in plants which transports water a…
Genetic engineering
Moving or changing the genes of plants
Phloem
The tubes in plant stems which conduct food from leaves throu…
18 terms
Hall Biology Quizlet #2
Biotic
Abiotic
Consumers
Producers
Describes living factors in the environment.
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
An organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on o…
Organisms that make their own food
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
Abiotic
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
6 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 1-4 Vocabulary
metric system
microscope
compound light microscope
electron microscope
decimal system of measurement based on certain physical stand…
device that produces magnified images of structures that are…
microscope that allows light to pass through a specimen and u…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
metric system
decimal system of measurement based on certain physical stand…
microscope
device that produces magnified images of structures that are…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 22 Vocabulary
sporophyte
gametophyte
lignin
bryophyte
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
substance that makes cell walls rigid
non-vascular plant; includes liverworts, hornworts and mosses
sporophyte
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
gametophyte
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
Population Density
the number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 39 Vocabulary
Hormone
Target Cells
Exocrine gland
Endocrine Glands
Chemicals released in one part of the body that travel throug…
cells that have receptors for a particular hormone
release secretions, through tubelike structures called ducts,…
release secretions (hormones) directly to blood stream.
Hormone
Chemicals released in one part of the body that travel throug…
Target Cells
cells that have receptors for a particular hormone
6 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11-4 Vocabulary
homologous
diploid
haploid
meiosis
term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a correspond…
term used to refer to a cell that contains both sets of homol…
term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set…
process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
homologous
term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a correspond…
diploid
term used to refer to a cell that contains both sets of homol…
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
11 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 2-2 Vocabulary
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
solution
attraction between molecules of the same substance
attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
material composed of two or more elements or compounds that a…
mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of t…
cohesion
attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
taxon
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
is a group of closely related species
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
taxonomy
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
Prentice Hall Biology Mitosis/Meisos vocabulary.
The bigger a cell grows, the more dema…
The bigger a cell grows, the harder it…
How to find volume of cell.
What increases quicker, cell surface o…
DNA
cell membrane
lengthxwidthxheight
Volume
The bigger a cell grows, the more dema…
DNA
The bigger a cell grows, the harder it…
cell membrane
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 36 Vocabulary
a tough layer of connective tissue tha…
a network of tubes running through com…
soft tissue inside the cavities within…
strong connective tissue that supports…
periosteum
Haversian canal
bone marrow
cartilage
a tough layer of connective tissue tha…
periosteum
a network of tubes running through com…
Haversian canal
36 terms
Prentice Hall Biology - Ecology vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Autotroph
Biomass
Biome
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
total amount of living tissue within a given trophic level
group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant c…
Abiotic factor
Physical, or nonliving factor that shapes an ecosystem
Autotroph
organisms that can capture enegy from sunlight or chemicals t…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 2-1 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2.4 vocabulary
Chemical reaction
reactants
Products
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2.4 vocabulary
Chemical reaction
reactants
Products
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
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