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Study sets matching "vocab hall biology"

9 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
aerobic
krebs cycle
electron transport chain
fermentation
require oxygen
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
a series of proteins in which the high energy electrons form…
when oxygen in not present, glycolysis is followed by a diffe…
aerobic
require oxygen
krebs cycle
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
10 terms
Biology 1 Prentice Hall Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell division
Centromere
Interphase
Cell cycle
the process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
the period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
the series of events that cells go through as they grow and d…
Cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Centromere
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
104 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Final Vocabulary
aerobic
metabolism
glycolysis
The Krebs Cycle
process requiring oxygen
what the cell's chemical processes make up
the first step of breaking down a glucose molecule-"splitting…
finishes the breakdown of pyruvic acid molecules to carbon di…
aerobic
process requiring oxygen
metabolism
what the cell's chemical processes make up
18 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 1 Vocabulary
Science
observation
data
inference
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
the info gathered by observations
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience
Science
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
observation
the process of gathering info about events or processes in a…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
22 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Evolution
theory
fossils
artificial selection
process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient…
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
the preserved remains of ancient organisms
nature provided the variation and humans selected those varia…
Evolution
process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient…
theory
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
104 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Final Vocabulary
aerobic
metabolism
glycolysis
The Krebs Cycle
process requiring oxygen
what the cell's chemical processes make up
the first step of breaking down a glucose molecule-"splitting…
finishes the breakdown of pyruvic acid molecules to carbon di…
aerobic
process requiring oxygen
metabolism
what the cell's chemical processes make up
20 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 8 Vocab
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology 3-2 Vocabulary
organisms that can capture energy from…
organisms that can capture energy from…
the process by which plants and some o…
a process by which some organisms use…
autotroph
producers
photosynthesis
chemosynthesis
organisms that can capture energy from…
autotroph
organisms that can capture energy from…
producers
37 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
basic units of all forms of life
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
a thin flexible barrier around the cell, it provides support…
a strong around the cell membrane in plant cells
Cell
basic units of all forms of life
Cell Theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
11 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2.1 vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
elements
the basic unit of matter; made up of electrons, protons, and…
the center of atoms
a negatively charged particle with 1/1840 the mass of a proto…
a pure substance entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter; made up of electrons, protons, and…
nucleus
the center of atoms
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology 7-2 Vocabulary
"little organs"- specialized structure…
material inside the cell membrane—not…
layer of two membranes that surrounds…
granular material visible within the n…
organelles
cytoplasm
nuclear envelope
chromatin
"little organs"- specialized structure…
organelles
material inside the cell membrane—not…
cytoplasm
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
26 terms
Prentice hall Biology Chapter 26 Vocabulary
invertebrate
vertebrates
feedback inhibition
blastula
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column
animals with a backbone
the product or result of a process stops or limits the process
a hallow ball of cells
invertebrate
animals that do not have a backbone, or vertebral column
vertebrates
animals with a backbone
53 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Unit 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
data
inference
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
use of one or more of the senses--sight, hearing, touch, smel…
information gathered during an experiment
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
observation
use of one or more of the senses--sight, hearing, touch, smel…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
taxon
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
is a group of closely related species
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
taxonomy
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a univ…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 16 Vocabulary
gene pool
relative frequency
single-gene trait
polygenic traits
all genes, including all the different alleles, that are pres…
the number of times that the allele occurs in a gene pool, co…
a trait controlled by a single gene that has two alleles
traits that are controlled by two or more genes
gene pool
all genes, including all the different alleles, that are pres…
relative frequency
the number of times that the allele occurs in a gene pool, co…
11 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2.2 Vocabulary
Cohesion
adhesion
mixture
solution
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
an attraction between molecules of different substances
a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
a mixture where all substances are evenly distributed through…
Cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
an attraction between molecules of different substances
13 terms
Prentice Hall biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
evolution
theory
fossil
artificial selection
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
preserved remains or evidence of an ancient organism
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
evolution
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
theory
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
38 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 39 Vocabulary
Hormone
Target Cells
Exocrine gland
Endocrine Glands
Chemicals released in one part of the body that travel throug…
cells that have receptors for a particular hormone
release secretions, through tubelike structures called ducts,…
release secretions (hormones) directly to blood stream.
Hormone
Chemicals released in one part of the body that travel throug…
Target Cells
cells that have receptors for a particular hormone
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
26 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
genetics
true-breeding
trait
hybrid
the scientific study of heredity
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
true-breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
44 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Weather
climate
greenhouse effect
Polar Zone
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
climate
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 -13 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
18 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Organelles
nucleus
organelles
cytoplasm
nuclear envelope
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
the portion of the cell outside the nucleus
layer of two membranes that surrounds the nucleus of a cell
nucleus
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
organelles
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
31 terms
Prentice hall Biology chapter 3 vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Species
Populations
The scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Contains combined portions of the planet in which all life ex…
A group of organisms similar to each other that breed and pro…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Ecology
The scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Biosphere
Contains combined portions of the planet in which all life ex…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 12 Vocabulary
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleus acids made up if a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between between ade…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
climate
greenhouse effect
global warming
biotic factors
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and pr…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by a layer of…
an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
the biological influences on organisms within an ecosystem
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and pr…
greenhouse effect
the natural situation in which heat is retained by a layer of…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process when male and female reproductive cells join to form…
when organisms produce offspring identical to themselves when…
specific characteristic like color or height
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process when male and female reproductive cells join to form…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 29 Vocabulary
radical symmetry
bilateral symmetry
cephalization
coelom
Body parts extend from center of the body
Mirror-image left and right sides
Concentration of sense organs and nerve cells in front of the…
Fluid-filled body cavity lined with mesoderm
radical symmetry
Body parts extend from center of the body
bilateral symmetry
Mirror-image left and right sides
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrids
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
agriculture
monoculture
green revolution
renewable resource
the practice of farming
large fields planted with a single crop year after year
modern agriculture that increases the world food supply
these resources can regenerate if they are alive or replenish…
agriculture
the practice of farming
monoculture
large fields planted with a single crop year after year
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 15 vocabulary
Evolution
theory
fossils
artificial selection
change over time
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
the preserved remains of ancient organisms
nature provided the variation and humans selected those varia…
Evolution
change over time
theory
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Section 3
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Lipid bilayer
Concentration
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell m…
the mass of solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/vol…
Cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
24 terms
Prentice hall Biology chapter 6 vocabulary
Agriculture
Monoculture
Green revolution
Renewable resources
Practice of farming
A farming strategy where one plant is planted a year
The effort to increase food production
Regenerate if they are alive and replenished by biogeochemica…
Agriculture
Practice of farming
Monoculture
A farming strategy where one plant is planted a year
9 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7.4 Vocabulary
cell specialization
tissue
organ
organ system
cells throughout organisms that develop in different ways to…
a group of similar cells that perform a particular functions…
many groups of tissues that work together such as stomach,
a group of organs that work together to perform specified fun…
cell specialization
cells throughout organisms that develop in different ways to…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform a particular functions…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chp. 10 Vocabulary
the process by which the cell divides…
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
the area in which the chromatids of a…
the period of the cell cycle between c…
cell division
chromatid
centromere
interphase
the process by which the cell divides…
cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of…
chromatid
37 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 22 Vocabulary
sporophyte
gametophyte
lignin
bryophyte
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
substance that makes cell walls rigid
non-vascular plant; includes liverworts, hornworts and mosses
sporophyte
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
gametophyte
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
11 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 2-2 Vocabulary
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
solution
attraction between molecules of the same substance
attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
material composed of two or more elements or compounds that a…
mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of t…
cohesion
attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
38 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Mitosis/Meisos vocabulary.
The bigger a cell grows, the more dema…
The bigger a cell grows, the harder it…
How to find volume of cell.
What increases quicker, cell surface o…
DNA
cell membrane
lengthxwidthxheight
Volume
The bigger a cell grows, the more dema…
DNA
The bigger a cell grows, the harder it…
cell membrane
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