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Study sets matching "vocab human biology"

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Study sets matching "vocab human biology"

14 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
Homeostasis
Enzymes
Control Systems in the body
sensors or receptors
the regulation and maintenance of the internal environment (t…
control all the reactions in the body
sensors, control center, communication systems
gather information about the conditions inside and outside th…
Homeostasis
the regulation and maintenance of the internal environment (t…
Enzymes
control all the reactions in the body
15 terms
Human Biology Heart Vocabulary
Apex
Base
Pericardium
Epicardium/Visceral Pericardium
Pointed part of the heart. Opposite of base
Rounded part of the heart. Opposite of the apex
Around the heart. "Heart Bag". Double walled sac that enclose…
On & above. Outer surface of the heart.
Apex
Pointed part of the heart. Opposite of base
Base
Rounded part of the heart. Opposite of the apex
40 terms
Human Biology vocabulary
fibroblast
osteon
platelet
lacuna
繊維芽細胞
骨単位
血小板
裂口,くぼみ
fibroblast
繊維芽細胞
osteon
骨単位
301 terms
Unit 10: Human Biology Vocabulary
muscle tissue
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
the tissue made of cells that can contract and relax to produ…
a voluntary muscle that is attached to bones and that moves m…
the elongated muscle that is not under voluntary control and…
The type of involuntary muscle found in the heart
muscle tissue
the tissue made of cells that can contract and relax to produ…
skeletal muscle
a voluntary muscle that is attached to bones and that moves m…
Human Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
The study of the structures of body parts and their relations…
Study of the Functions of the body, in other words, how body…
aka: (macroscopic) - the study of large body structure visibl…
deals with structures that are too small to be seen with the…
Anatomy
The study of the structures of body parts and their relations…
Physiology
Study of the Functions of the body, in other words, how body…
13 terms
Biology Human Body Vocabulary
Keratin
Ligament
Tendon
Epidermis
Tough fibrous protein found in skin
Tough connective tissue that holds bones together in a joint
Tough connective tissue that connects skeletal muscles to bones
In humans,the outer layer of the skin
Keratin
Tough fibrous protein found in skin
Ligament
Tough connective tissue that holds bones together in a joint
9 terms
1.2 human biology
the inner framework made up of all the…
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
a place in the body where two bones co…
strong connective tissue that holds bo…
skeleton
vertebrae
joint
ligament
the inner framework made up of all the…
skeleton
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
vertebrae
33 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
Aorta
Vena cava
Pulmonary Artery
Pulmonary Vein
Artery leaving the heart from the left ventricle to the body…
A vein supplying the de-oxgenated blood to the right atrium.…
An artery leaving the right ventricle to the lungs with de-ox…
A vein re-entering the heart in the left atrium with oxygenat…
Aorta
Artery leaving the heart from the left ventricle to the body…
Vena cava
A vein supplying the de-oxgenated blood to the right atrium.…
18 terms
Human Biology
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
anus
The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion o…
the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and t…
the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which…
esophagus
The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
stomach
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion o…
45 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary Roots
Acr
Aden
Aer
Allo
Extremity
Gland
Air
Other, Separate
Acr
Extremity
Aden
Gland
20 terms
Biology Human Vocabulary
Allergy
Antibiotic
Antibody
antigen
overreaction of immune system
Fight Bacteria
body's fighters
invader
Allergy
overreaction of immune system
Antibiotic
Fight Bacteria
8 terms
Biology Vocabulary: The human blood
blood plasma
hemoglobin
antibodies
platlets
Blutplasma
Hämoglobin
Antikörper
Blutplättchen
blood plasma
Blutplasma
hemoglobin
Hämoglobin
13 terms
1.1 human biology
The basic unit of structure and functi…
The outside boundary of a cell
The control center of a cell that dire…
The material within a cell apart from…
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of structure and functi…
Cell
The outside boundary of a cell
Cell Membrane
17 terms
Biology Vocabulary Human Physiology
Nutrients
Inorganic
Organic
Defiency
Chemical substances found and used in the human body.
Compounds that are not organic; they do not contain carbon an…
Carbon compounds derived from living organisms.
Lack of an essential nutrient: may lead to physiological comp…
Nutrients
Chemical substances found and used in the human body.
Inorganic
Compounds that are not organic; they do not contain carbon an…
86 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
A- an-
Ab-
Ad-
Anti-
Without, less
Away from
Near, attached to
Against
A- an-
Without, less
Ab-
Away from
67 terms
Biology human Anatomy vocabulary
Vertebral
Rostral
Medial
Lateral
Spinal Column
Toward the nose
Towards the midline of the body
Away from the midline of the body
Vertebral
Spinal Column
Rostral
Toward the nose
80 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary Roots
acr-
aden-
aer-
allo-
extremity
gland
air
other, seperate
acr-
extremity
aden-
gland
72 terms
HSC Biology - Human Story
Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
Prehensile
(1707-1778) Swedish naturalist who developed the classificati…
the branch of science concerned with the rules of classifying…
In this system an organism is called by its genus & species n…
a grabbing structure, which could be a prehensile tail, or pr…
Carolus Linnaeus
(1707-1778) Swedish naturalist who developed the classificati…
Taxonomy
the branch of science concerned with the rules of classifying…
90 terms
Human Biology Heart Vocabulary
anterior
posterior
dorsal
ventral
front section
back section
towards the back
towards the stomach
anterior
front section
posterior
back section
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
24 terms
Human Biology: Respiratory System
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
A system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of…
Also known as the throat, passageway for air and food.
structure which contains the vocal cords.
Allows air to pass to and from lungs. Composed of ... C-shaped r…
nasal cavity
A system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of…
pharynx
Also known as the throat, passageway for air and food.
18 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
Angina Pectoris
Ligaments
Arteries
Anemia
Pain due to narrowing of the arteries
connect bone to bone
carry blood away from the heart
Inability of the blood to transport oxygen due to reduction i…
Angina Pectoris
Pain due to narrowing of the arteries
Ligaments
connect bone to bone
179 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
Antibiotic
Ribosome
Facilitated Diffusion
Peptidoglycan
a chemical that can slow or stop the growth of bacteria; many…
A complex of RNA and proteins that carries out protein synthe…
The process by which large or hydrophilic solutes move across…
The macromolecule found in all bacterial cell walls that conf…
Antibiotic
a chemical that can slow or stop the growth of bacteria; many…
Ribosome
A complex of RNA and proteins that carries out protein synthe…
27 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
Sagittal/Midsagittal
Transverse
Coronal/Frontal
Superior
A plane that divides the body into left and right halves
A plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts
A plane that divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts
Located higher on the body
Sagittal/Midsagittal
A plane that divides the body into left and right halves
Transverse
A plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts
25 terms
Human Biology vocabulary
a-
ab-
ambi-
an-
not/without
away from
around
not/without
a-
not/without
ab-
away from
9 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
Pharynx
Trachea
Larynx
Bronchus
The tube or cavity, with its surrounding membrane and muscles…
The tube in humans and other air-breathing vertebrates extend…
A muscular and cartilaginous structure lined with mucous memb…
Either of two main branches of the trachea, leading directly…
Pharynx
The tube or cavity, with its surrounding membrane and muscles…
Trachea
The tube in humans and other air-breathing vertebrates extend…
90 terms
Human biology vocabulary roots
Acr
Aden
Aer
Allo
Extremity
Glad
Air
Other, seperate
Acr
Extremity
Aden
Glad
15 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
Field of View
Meiosis
Gamete
Genotype
The width (diameter) of the portion seen when looking down a…
Produces haploid cells from diploid cells. Occurs in testicle…
A mature sexual reproductive cell, as a sperm or egg, that un…
Lists the alleles that a person has for that trait. e.g. AA,…
Field of View
The width (diameter) of the portion seen when looking down a…
Meiosis
Produces haploid cells from diploid cells. Occurs in testicle…
9 terms
2.4 human biology
the part of the digestive system in wh…
the largest organ in the body creates…
a substance produced by the liver that…
the organ that stores bile after it is…
small intestine
liver
bile
gallbladder
the part of the digestive system in wh…
small intestine
the largest organ in the body creates…
liver
29 terms
Human Genetics vocabulary Biology
trait
genetics
purebred
cross
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
scientific study of heredity
bred from parents of the same bred
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
trait
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
27 terms
Human Biology & Health Vocabulary
homeostatis
x-ray
nervous tissue
muscle tissue
The process by which an organism's internal environment is ke…
A form of energy that travels in waves.
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
A body tissue that contacts and shortens, making body parts m…
homeostatis
The process by which an organism's internal environment is ke…
x-ray
A form of energy that travels in waves.
60 terms
Human Biology: Muscle Vocabulary
Flexor
Extensor
Abductor
Adductor
Decreases the angle at a joint ... Ex: biceps brachaii
Increases the angle at the joint ... Ex: Triceps brachaii and re…
Moving away from the body... Ab: away... Ex: Deltoid and gluteus ma…
Moving closer to the body ... Ex: Adductor longus
Flexor
Decreases the angle at a joint ... Ex: biceps brachaii
Extensor
Increases the angle at the joint ... Ex: Triceps brachaii and re…
9 terms
2.3 human biology
the process by which the body breaks d…
the process by which nutrient molecule…
the fluid released when the mouth wate…
a protein that speeds up chemical reac…
digestion
absorption
saliva
enzyme
the process by which the body breaks d…
digestion
the process by which nutrient molecule…
absorption
13 terms
Unit 5 Human Biology Vocabulary
muscle
nerve
neuron
brain
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
n. a single nerve cell
n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; dif…
muscle
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
nerve
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
Human Biology Heart Vocabulary
anastomoses
aneurysm
angiogenesis
anterior
an interconnected web of blood vessels which enable the heart…
area of dilation and weakness in an artery wall, often ruptures
the development of new blood vessels
structure being more in front than another structure in the b…
anastomoses
an interconnected web of blood vessels which enable the heart…
aneurysm
area of dilation and weakness in an artery wall, often ruptures
29 terms
Human Biology and Health Vocabulary
the process by which an organism's int…
A body tissue that carries electrical…
A body tissue that contracts or shorte…
muscle tissue found only in the heart
homeostasis
nervous tissue
muscle tissue
cardiac tissue
the process by which an organism's int…
homeostasis
A body tissue that carries electrical…
nervous tissue
13 terms
Biology - Human Heredity - Vocabulary
Autosome
Carrier
Codominance
Epistasis
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
A hetrozygous individual bearing an unexpressed defective gene
Relating to two different alleles that are fully expressed in…
A form of interaction between nonallelic genes in which one c…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Carrier
A hetrozygous individual bearing an unexpressed defective gene
13 terms
human biology
сердце
легкие
нейрон
мочеточник
heart
Lungs
neuron
Ureter
сердце
heart
легкие
Lungs
10 terms
Human Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Atoms
Molecules
macromolecule
cell
the smallest unit of an element that has the chemical propert…
atoms bond with each other to form _________
man smaller molecules bonded together to form a large polymer…
smallest unit of life
Atoms
the smallest unit of an element that has the chemical propert…
Molecules
atoms bond with each other to form _________
11 terms
human biology revision
The basic unit of structure and functi…
The outside boundary of a cell
The control center of a cell that dire…
The material within a cell apart from…
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of structure and functi…
Cell
The outside boundary of a cell
Cell Membrane
15 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY CH. 3 VOCABULARY
HEART
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
ATRIUM
VENTRICLE
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
The body system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, an…
Each of the two upper chambers of the heart that receives blo…
Each of the two lower chambers of the heart that pumps blood…
HEART
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
The body system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, an…
18 terms
Human biology
Bone
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Example: bone... Function: protection and support... Type: connective
Example: ribs to sternum, support for larynx and thyroid, nos…
Example: external ear, walls of Eustachian tube, epiglottis a…
Example: intervertebral discs, knees, pelvic girdle... Function:…
Bone
Example: bone... Function: protection and support... Type: connective
Hyaline cartilage
Example: ribs to sternum, support for larynx and thyroid, nos…
75 terms
Human Biology
Cell
Tissue
Organ
System
the basic structural and functional unit of a living organism…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and function.…
a body structure that has a definite form and function, usual…
a group of organs working together for a common function. Eg.…
Cell
the basic structural and functional unit of a living organism…
Tissue
a group of cells that are similar in structure and function.…
9 terms
Human Biology - Respiratory System
respiratory system
nostrils
mouth
nasal passages
system that gets rid of the carbon dioxide waste and also tak…
slits in your nose that allows air to enter your body
opening on your face where you take in food as well as air
channel of airflow through the nose
respiratory system
system that gets rid of the carbon dioxide waste and also tak…
nostrils
slits in your nose that allows air to enter your body
100 terms
Human Biology
Oral Cavity
Pharynx
Esophagus
Ascending Colon
Includes lips, tongue, roof of the mouth, and teeth
Space where the nose and the throat meet, immediate end of th…
The throat, long tube leading down to your stomach
The part of the large intestine going up, at it's base we hav…
Oral Cavity
Includes lips, tongue, roof of the mouth, and teeth
Pharynx
Space where the nose and the throat meet, immediate end of th…
49 terms
Human Biology
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organelles
the outer boundary, determines which substances go in and out…
thick fluid that fills cell, part of it are the cytosol and t…
liquid part of cytoplasm
specialised structures within cytoplasm, examples are golgi b…
Cell Membrane
the outer boundary, determines which substances go in and out…
Cytoplasm
thick fluid that fills cell, part of it are the cytosol and t…
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
83 terms
Human Biology
cell
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
the basic unit of structure and function of a living thing
the outside boundary of a cell
the control center of a cell that directs the cell's activiti…
the material within a cell apart from the nucleus
cell
the basic unit of structure and function of a living thing
cell membrane
the outside boundary of a cell
19 terms
Human Biology 1 Microscope
ocular lens magnification
rotating lens magnifications
scanning power magnification
low power magnification
x10
x4, x10, x40
x40
x100
ocular lens magnification
x10
rotating lens magnifications
x4, x10, x40
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cells
Basic unit of life
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
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