Study sets matching "vocab human biology"

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Study sets matching "vocab human biology"

14 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary
Homeostasis
Enzymes
Control Systems in the body
sensors or receptors
the regulation and maintenance of the internal environment (t…
control all the reactions in the body
sensors, control center, communication systems
gather information about the conditions inside and outside th…
Homeostasis
the regulation and maintenance of the internal environment (t…
Enzymes
control all the reactions in the body
Human Biology Heart Vocabulary
Apex
Base
Pericardium
Epicardium/Visceral Pericardium
Pointed part of the heart. Opposite of base
Rounded part of the heart. Opposite of the apex
Around the heart. "Heart Bag". Double walled sac that enclose…
On & above. Outer surface of the heart.
Apex
Pointed part of the heart. Opposite of base
Base
Rounded part of the heart. Opposite of the apex
Human Biology Vocabulary
Aorta
Vena cava
Pulmonary Artery
Pulmonary Vein
Artery leaving the heart from the left ventricle to the body…
A vein supplying the de-oxgenated blood to the right atrium.…
An artery leaving the right ventricle to the lungs with de-ox…
A vein re-entering the heart in the left atrium with oxygenat…
Aorta
Artery leaving the heart from the left ventricle to the body…
Vena cava
A vein supplying the de-oxgenated blood to the right atrium.…
301 terms
Unit 10: Human Biology Vocabulary
muscle tissue
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
the tissue made of cells that can contract and relax to produ…
a voluntary muscle that is attached to bones and that moves m…
the elongated muscle that is not under voluntary control and…
The type of involuntary muscle found in the heart
muscle tissue
the tissue made of cells that can contract and relax to produ…
skeletal muscle
a voluntary muscle that is attached to bones and that moves m…
9 terms
1.2 human biology
the inner framework made up of all the…
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
a place in the body where two bones co…
strong connective tissue that holds bo…
skeleton
vertebrae
joint
ligament
the inner framework made up of all the…
skeleton
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
vertebrae
18 terms
Human Biology
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
anus
The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion o…
the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and t…
the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which…
esophagus
The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
stomach
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion o…
Human Biology Vocabulary
A- an-
Ab-
Ad-
Anti-
Without, less
Away from
Near, attached to
Against
A- an-
Without, less
Ab-
Away from
Human Biology Vocabulary 2
Free Radical
Antioxidant
Solute
Hydrophobic
A highly unstable molecule that includes an oxygen atom lacki…
Can neutralize a free radical by giving up an electron that f…
A dissolved substance
Non-popular substances such as oils
Free Radical
A highly unstable molecule that includes an oxygen atom lacki…
Antioxidant
Can neutralize a free radical by giving up an electron that f…
Biology Human Body Vocabulary
Keratin
Ligament
Tendon
Epidermis
Tough fibrous protein found in skin
Tough connective tissue that holds bones together in a joint
Tough connective tissue that connects skeletal muscles to bones
In humans,the outer layer of the skin
Keratin
Tough fibrous protein found in skin
Ligament
Tough connective tissue that holds bones together in a joint
Human Biology Heart Vocabulary
anterior
posterior
dorsal
ventral
front section
back section
towards the back
towards the stomach
anterior
front section
posterior
back section
40 terms
Human Biology vocabulary
fibroblast
osteon
platelet
lacuna
繊維芽細胞
骨単位
血小板
裂口,くぼみ
fibroblast
繊維芽細胞
osteon
骨単位
13 terms
1.1 human biology
The basic unit of structure and functi…
The outside boundary of a cell
The control center of a cell that dire…
The material within a cell apart from…
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of structure and functi…
Cell
The outside boundary of a cell
Cell Membrane
23 terms
Biology Human Vocabulary
Allergy
Antibiotic
Antibody
antigen
overreaction of immune system
Fight Bacteria
body's fighters
invader
Allergy
overreaction of immune system
Antibiotic
Fight Bacteria
Human Biology Vocabulary
Angina Pectoris
Ligaments
Arteries
Anemia
Pain due to narrowing of the arteries
connect bone to bone
carry blood away from the heart
Inability of the blood to transport oxygen due to reduction i…
Angina Pectoris
Pain due to narrowing of the arteries
Ligaments
connect bone to bone
45 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary Roots
Acr
Aden
Aer
Allo
Extremity
Gland
Air
Other, Separate
Acr
Extremity
Aden
Gland
Human Biology Chapter 6
Skeletal Muscles
Origin
Insertion
Myofibrils
muscles that are usually attached to a bone and are responsib…
one end of a skeletal muscle that joins to a bone that remain…
the other end of the muscle that attaches to another bone acr…
collectively arranged in longitudinal bundles in muscle cells…
Skeletal Muscles
muscles that are usually attached to a bone and are responsib…
Origin
one end of a skeletal muscle that joins to a bone that remain…
Human Biology Vocabulary
Sagittal/Midsagittal
Transverse
Coronal/Frontal
Superior
A plane that divides the body into left and right halves
A plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts
A plane that divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts
Located higher on the body
Sagittal/Midsagittal
A plane that divides the body into left and right halves
Transverse
A plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts
107 terms
Human biology vocabulary roots
Acr
Aden
Aer
Allo
Extremity
Glad
Air
Other, seperate
Acr
Extremity
Aden
Glad
Human Biology Vocabulary
Pharynx
Trachea
Larynx
Bronchus
The tube or cavity, with its surrounding membrane and muscles…
The tube in humans and other air-breathing vertebrates extend…
A muscular and cartilaginous structure lined with mucous memb…
Either of two main branches of the trachea, leading directly…
Pharynx
The tube or cavity, with its surrounding membrane and muscles…
Trachea
The tube in humans and other air-breathing vertebrates extend…
24 terms
Human Biology: Respiratory System
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
A system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of…
Also known as the throat, passageway for air and food.
structure which contains the vocal cords.
Allows air to pass to and from lungs. Composed of ... C-shaped r…
nasal cavity
A system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of…
pharynx
Also known as the throat, passageway for air and food.
29 terms
Human Genetics vocabulary Biology
trait
genetics
purebred
cross
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
scientific study of heredity
bred from parents of the same bred
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
trait
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
27 terms
Human Biology & Health Vocabulary
homeostatis
x-ray
nervous tissue
muscle tissue
The process by which an organism's internal environment is ke…
A form of energy that travels in waves.
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
A body tissue that contacts and shortens, making body parts m…
homeostatis
The process by which an organism's internal environment is ke…
x-ray
A form of energy that travels in waves.
Biology Vocabulary Human Physiology
Nutrients
Inorganic
Organic
Defiency
Chemical substances found and used in the human body.
Compounds that are not organic; they do not contain carbon an…
Carbon compounds derived from living organisms.
Lack of an essential nutrient: may lead to physiological comp…
Nutrients
Chemical substances found and used in the human body.
Inorganic
Compounds that are not organic; they do not contain carbon an…
Human Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
tissue
organ
organ system
homeostasis
a group of similar cells that are organized to do a specific…
a structure in a plant or animal that is made up of different…
a group of organs that together perform a function that helps…
the process by which an organism or cell maintains internal c…
tissue
a group of similar cells that are organized to do a specific…
organ
a structure in a plant or animal that is made up of different…
80 terms
Human Biology Vocabulary Roots
acr-
aden-
aer-
allo-
extremity
gland
air
other, seperate
acr-
extremity
aden-
gland
Biology human Anatomy vocabulary
Vertebral
Rostral
Medial
Lateral
Spinal Column
Toward the nose
Towards the midline of the body
Away from the midline of the body
Vertebral
Spinal Column
Rostral
Toward the nose
Human Biology Heart Vocabulary
anastomoses
aneurysm
angiogenesis
anterior
an interconnected web of blood vessels which enable the heart…
area of dilation and weakness in an artery wall, often ruptures
the development of new blood vessels
structure being more in front than another structure in the b…
anastomoses
an interconnected web of blood vessels which enable the heart…
aneurysm
area of dilation and weakness in an artery wall, often ruptures
13 terms
Biology - Human Heredity - Vocabulary
Autosome
Carrier
Codominance
Epistasis
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
A hetrozygous individual bearing an unexpressed defective gene
Relating to two different alleles that are fully expressed in…
A form of interaction between nonallelic genes in which one c…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Carrier
A hetrozygous individual bearing an unexpressed defective gene
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
9 terms
2.4 human biology
the part of the digestive system in wh…
the largest organ in the body creates…
a substance produced by the liver that…
the organ that stores bile after it is…
small intestine
liver
bile
gallbladder
the part of the digestive system in wh…
small intestine
the largest organ in the body creates…
liver
Human Biology Chapter 3
Cell Doctrine
Plasma Membrane
Eukaryotes
Organelles
1. All living things are composed of cells and cell products…
Outer membrane that encloses the material inside the cell.
1. A plasma membrane ... 2. A nucleus ... 3. Cytoplasm
("Little Organs") Microscopic structures that carry out speci…
Cell Doctrine
1. All living things are composed of cells and cell products…
Plasma Membrane
Outer membrane that encloses the material inside the cell.
19 terms
Human Biology 1 Microscope
ocular lens magnification
rotating lens magnifications
scanning power magnification
low power magnification
x10
x4, x10, x40
x40
x100
ocular lens magnification
x10
rotating lens magnifications
x4, x10, x40
13 terms
Unit 5 Human Biology Vocabulary
muscle
nerve
neuron
brain
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
n. a single nerve cell
n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; dif…
muscle
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
nerve
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
15 terms
Human Biology Muscular System Vocabulary
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Sarcolemma
A muscle that is connected at either or both extremities with…
Muscle tissue that contracts without conscious control, havin…
Cardiac muscle (heart muscle) is an involuntary, striated mus…
Specialized cell membrane
Skeletal Muscle
A muscle that is connected at either or both extremities with…
Smooth Muscle
Muscle tissue that contracts without conscious control, havin…
14 terms
human biology
сердце
легкие
нейрон
мочеточник
heart
Lungs
neuron
Ureter
сердце
heart
легкие
Lungs
75 terms
Human Biology
Cell
Tissue
Organ
System
the basic structural and functional unit of a living organism…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and function.…
a body structure that has a definite form and function, usual…
a group of organs working together for a common function. Eg.…
Cell
the basic structural and functional unit of a living organism…
Tissue
a group of cells that are similar in structure and function.…
9 terms
2.3 human biology
the process by which the body breaks d…
the process by which nutrient molecule…
the fluid released when the mouth wate…
a protein that speeds up chemical reac…
digestion
absorption
saliva
enzyme
the process by which the body breaks d…
digestion
the process by which nutrient molecule…
absorption
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cells
Basic unit of life
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
73 terms
Human Biology Chapter 4
Epithelial Tissues
Glands (glandular epithelia)
Exocrine glands
Endocrine Glands
consist of sheets of cells that line or cover various surface…
form the body's glands. epithelial tissues that are specializ…
(exo- means "outside" or "outward") secrete their products in…
(endo- means "within") secrete substances called hormones int…
Epithelial Tissues
consist of sheets of cells that line or cover various surface…
Glands (glandular epithelia)
form the body's glands. epithelial tissues that are specializ…
Human Biology: Ch. 3 Vocabulary
micrometer
cell theory
surface-area-to-volume ratio
magnification
a unit to measure a cell
one of the fundamental principles of biology; 1) a cell is th…
how the small size of cells are explained
ratio between the observed size of an image and its actual size
micrometer
a unit to measure a cell
cell theory
one of the fundamental principles of biology; 1) a cell is th…
Human Biology: Ch. 2 Vocabulary
element
matter
atom
proton
substance that cannot be broken down into substances with dif…
anything that takes up space and has mass
smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
positive subatomic particle, located in the nucleus and havin…
element
substance that cannot be broken down into substances with dif…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Human Biology: Ch. 20 Vocabulary
genotype
locus
allele
dominant allele
refers to the genes of the individual
units of heredity existing in a specific position on a chromo…
an alternate form of a gene
only one copy of allele needs to be present in both chromosom…
genotype
refers to the genes of the individual
locus
units of heredity existing in a specific position on a chromo…
Human Biology: Ch. 12 Vocabulary
muscular system
muscle fibers
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
involved with movement
cells of muscle tissues
fibers are shaped like narrow cylinders with pointed ends; ea…
forms the heart wall
muscular system
involved with movement
muscle fibers
cells of muscle tissues
Human Biology: Ch. 1 Vocabulary
biology
atom
molecule
cell
the study of living organisms and their environments
smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
union of two or more atoms of the same element; also, the sma…
smallest unit that displays the properties of life; always co…
biology
the study of living organisms and their environments
atom
smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
Human Biology Chapter 5
Bones
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Osteocytes
a living tissue that contains several types of living cells i…
forms the shaft and covers each end of a long bone.
is less dense that compact bone, allowing the bones to be lig…
mature bone cells that maintain the structure of bone.
Bones
a living tissue that contains several types of living cells i…
Compact Bone
forms the shaft and covers each end of a long bone.
Human Biology: Ch. 7 Vocabulary
bacteria
microbe
pathogen
coccus
single-celled prokaryotes that do not have a nucleus
microscopic organisms
disease-causing agent
spherical-shaped bacteria
bacteria
single-celled prokaryotes that do not have a nucleus
microbe
microscopic organisms
15 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY CH. 3 VOCABULARY
HEART
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
ATRIUM
VENTRICLE
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
The body system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, an…
Each of the two upper chambers of the heart that receives blo…
Each of the two lower chambers of the heart that pumps blood…
HEART
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
The body system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, an…
83 terms
Human Biology
cell
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
the basic unit of structure and function of a living thing
the outside boundary of a cell
the control center of a cell that directs the cell's activiti…
the material within a cell apart from the nucleus
cell
the basic unit of structure and function of a living thing
cell membrane
the outside boundary of a cell
11 terms
human biology revision
The basic unit of structure and functi…
The outside boundary of a cell
The control center of a cell that dire…
The material within a cell apart from…
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of structure and functi…
Cell
The outside boundary of a cell
Cell Membrane
100 terms
Human Biology
Oral Cavity
Pharynx
Esophagus
Ascending Colon
Includes lips, tongue, roof of the mouth, and teeth
Space where the nose and the throat meet, immediate end of th…
The throat, long tube leading down to your stomach
The part of the large intestine going up, at it's base we hav…
Oral Cavity
Includes lips, tongue, roof of the mouth, and teeth
Pharynx
Space where the nose and the throat meet, immediate end of th…
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