Study sets matching "vocab ib biology chemistry"

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Study sets matching "vocab ib biology chemistry"

45 terms
IB Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
valence electron
vitalism
macromolecule
scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions…
an electron in an outer shell of an atom that can be lost to…
early idea that "organics" ... only come from living things,
BIG molecules
Organic Chemistry
scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions…
valence electron
an electron in an outer shell of an atom that can be lost to…
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
20 terms
Ib Biology: Chemistry
Nucleus of an atom
atom
water (in reference to electrons and o…
hydrogen bonds
protons and neutrons
smallest fundamental unit of life (electrons and nucleus)
electrons move closer to oxygen because oxygen exerts a great…
attraction between polar molecules
Nucleus of an atom
protons and neutrons
atom
smallest fundamental unit of life (electrons and nucleus)
66 terms
IB Biology Organic Chemistry
organic chemistry
Carbon
Majority of the organic molecules are…
Different ways Carbon can differ
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon, Potassium,
- chain (length of chain)... - branching ... - Double bond position…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
Carbon
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
25 terms
IB Biology - Chemistry Of Life
Most frequently occurring elements in…
Elements needed by living organisms (5)
role of sulfur
role of calcium
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen (chon)
sulfur, calcium, phosphorous, iron, sodium
in plants/prokaryotes: component of amino acids... in animals: "…
plants/prokaryotes: co-factor + some enzyme reactions... animals…
Most frequently occurring elements in…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen (chon)
Elements needed by living organisms (5)
sulfur, calcium, phosphorous, iron, sodium
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
39 terms
2.1 IB Biology Vocabulary
Carbohydrates
lipids
glucose
Proteins
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
Monosaccharide, (6 carbon ring), C6H12O6. Can be alpha or bet…
Contain Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and additionally…
Carbohydrates
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
lipids
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
IB Chemistry Vocabulary
accuracy
precision
molar mass (M)
relative atomic mass (Ar)
a measure of how close a measurement is to the true value... (ha…
a measure of how close a set of measurements are to one anoth…
the mass in grams of one mole of any substance
the weighted average of all the isotopes of a particular elem…
accuracy
a measure of how close a measurement is to the true value... (ha…
precision
a measure of how close a set of measurements are to one anoth…
38 terms
Biology IB SL: Chemistry of Life
Carbon
Protein
Carboxyl group
Phosphate group
tiny core atom in almost everything (as it is small and wants…
one of the major macro molecules; made out of amino acids, hu…
the "tail" of ATP, used for energy transfer and building DNA
Carbon
tiny core atom in almost everything (as it is small and wants…
Protein
one of the major macro molecules; made out of amino acids, hu…
16 terms
IB Biology 2 - Chemistry
biosphere
ecosystem
community
population
level of biological organization within which all ecosystems…
level of biological organization that contains a community as…
level of biological organization that contains multiple popul…
level of biological organization that contains multiple organ…
biosphere
level of biological organization within which all ecosystems…
ecosystem
level of biological organization that contains a community as…
9 terms
IB Biology- Chemistry
Essential elements
Trace Elements
Radioactive Isotopes
Valence Electrons
Elements that are essential for life
Required by an organism but only in minutes quantities
Nuclei are unstable and have a tendency to lose particles
Electrons in the outermost shell
Essential elements
Elements that are essential for life
Trace Elements
Required by an organism but only in minutes quantities
28 terms
IB BIOLOGY: Organic Chemistry II
nucleic acid
nucleotide
purine
pyrimidine
macromolecule that exists as a polymer of four and is used fo…
building block of nucleic acids that contains a nitrogenous b…
(adenine/guanine) constituents of nucleic acids that are vari…
(thymine/cytosine) constituents of nucleic acids that are pla…
nucleic acid
macromolecule that exists as a polymer of four and is used fo…
nucleotide
building block of nucleic acids that contains a nitrogenous b…
IB Biology: Chemistry of Life
DNA replication
Cell respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
semi-conservative precise copying of DNA so that new molecule…
controlled release of energy in the form of ATP from organic…
conversion of pyruvate into lactate or ethanol & carbon dioxi…
conversion of pyruvate into carbon dioxide and water producin…
DNA replication
semi-conservative precise copying of DNA so that new molecule…
Cell respiration
controlled release of energy in the form of ATP from organic…
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
507 terms
IB Biology Vocabulary Review
Cell theory
Exceptions to cell theory
Functions of life
Multicellular organisms
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
- Nutrition... - Growth (increases in size and dry mass)... - Respo…
If a cell becomes too large, it may not be able to take in es…
Cell theory
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
Exceptions to cell theory
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
64 terms
IB Biology Chemistry of Life
What is the difference between organic…
What is metabolism?
What is anabolism?
What is catabolism?
Organic compounds contain a carbon (and sometimes hydrogen).…
The sum total of an organism's chemical reactions.
The chemical pathways in which complex molecules are synthesi…
The chemical pathways in wich complex molecules are broken do…
What is the difference between organic…
Organic compounds contain a carbon (and sometimes hydrogen).…
What is metabolism?
The sum total of an organism's chemical reactions.
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
IB Biology Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
96 terms
IB Biology HL Vocabulary
Active Transport
Active Site
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic Respiration
Movement of substances across a membrane involving a carrier…
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
A nucleotide, present in every living cell, formed in photosy…
Respiration requiring oxygen, involving oxidation of glucose…
Active Transport
Movement of substances across a membrane involving a carrier…
Active Site
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
38 terms
IB BIOLOGY: Organic Chemistry I
organic chemistry
valence electron
vitalism
macromolecule
a branch of chemistry that deals specifically with the struct…
an electron that takes part in the chemical reactions of an a…
the doctrine that all the functions of a living organism are…
a large, complex molecule such as a nucleic acid, carbohydrat…
organic chemistry
a branch of chemistry that deals specifically with the struct…
valence electron
an electron that takes part in the chemical reactions of an a…
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
IB Biology Vocabulary Review
Cell theory
Exceptions to cell theory
Functions of life
Multicellular organisms
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
- Nutrition... - Growth (increases in size and dry mass)... - Respo…
If a cell becomes too large, it may not be able to take in es…
Cell theory
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
Exceptions to cell theory
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
IB Chemistry Vocabulary
Homogeneous mixture
Heterogeneous mixture
Reactants
Products
uniform in composition
properties are not the same throughout
left side of a chemical equation
right side of a chemical equation
Homogeneous mixture
uniform in composition
Heterogeneous mixture
properties are not the same throughout
54 terms
IB Chemistry-Vocabulary
Element
Atom
Compound
Proton
a substance consisting of atoms which all have the same numbe…
smallest particle of an element that maintains characteristic…
consists of 2 or more elements chemically combined in the sam…
a very small particle of matter that is part of the nucleus o…
Element
a substance consisting of atoms which all have the same numbe…
Atom
smallest particle of an element that maintains characteristic…
43 terms
IB Biology SL Chemistry of Life
most frequently occurring chemical ele…
5 other elements are needed by living…
one role for Sulfur
one role for Calcium
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.
sulfur, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and sodium.
Used in making of amino acids (tertiary structure of proteins…
Used in structure of bones and teeth. Its ions are used in sy…
most frequently occurring chemical ele…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.
5 other elements are needed by living…
sulfur, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and sodium.
41 terms
MVHS Biology IB2 Plant Vocabulary
Sepal
petal
pistil
stigma
1
8
4
Sepal
petal
1
25 terms
IB Bio 1 (Chemistry in Biology)
What is a Hydrogen bond?
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
What are Van Der Waals interactions?
attraction btwn. partially pos. H in H2O and partially neg. O…
S- some amino acids... Ca- muscle contraction component in bones…
S- some amino acids... Ca- cofactor in enzyme... P- phosphate group…
Temporary and weak bonds; molecule that is nonpolar can becom…
What is a Hydrogen bond?
attraction btwn. partially pos. H in H2O and partially neg. O…
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
S- some amino acids... Ca- muscle contraction component in bones…
249 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Transgenic
Species
Habitat
Population
An organism made by inserting a gene into an embryo so that i…
A classification unit in biology which describes a set of org…
The physical environment in which an organism lives.
Population refers to the collective group of a particular spe…
Transgenic
An organism made by inserting a gene into an embryo so that i…
Species
A classification unit in biology which describes a set of org…
507 terms
IB Biology Vocabulary Review
Cell theory
Exceptions to cell theory
Functions of life
Multicellular organisms
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
- Nutrition... - Growth (increases in size and dry mass)... - Respo…
If a cell becomes too large, it may not be able to take in es…
Cell theory
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
Exceptions to cell theory
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
24 terms
IB Biology 2.3 Carbohydrates Vocabulary
Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Condensation
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components…
a polysaccharide with the formula (C6H10O5)n, consisting of a…
formation of larger molecules involving the removal of water…
Amylopectin
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
Amylose
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components…
IB Chemistry Vocabulary
Isotope
Relative atomic mass
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
Atoms of the same element but have different mass numbers
The average mass of all isotopes of an element
Simplest formula for a compound
Actual number of atoms of elements in a compound
Isotope
Atoms of the same element but have different mass numbers
Relative atomic mass
The average mass of all isotopes of an element
IB Biology Vocabulary
Differentiation
Stem Cells
Pluripotent Stem Cells
Embryonic Stem Cells
Action or process of differentiating
undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is cap…
cells taken from any tissue from a child or adult; behave lik…
derived from the inner cell mass of a blastocyst
Differentiation
Action or process of differentiating
Stem Cells
undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is cap…
82 terms
IB Biology 2 Organic Chemistry
How many valence electrons does carbon…
What is tetravalence?
How much energy do hydrocarbon bonds r…
Are hydrocarbons polar or non polar?
Four
Four valence electrons
A lot of energy
Non polar
How many valence electrons does carbon…
Four
What is tetravalence?
Four valence electrons
49 terms
IB Biology SL Topic 3 - Chemistry of Life
Guanine
Cytosine
Biochemistry elements (C, H, O, N)
Inorganic elements (S, Ca, P, Fe, Na)
Base pair that combines with Cytosine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
Base pair that combines with Guanine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
CHON - carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
CaFe SNaP - calcium, iron, sulphur, sodium and phosphorus
Guanine
Base pair that combines with Cytosine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
Cytosine
Base pair that combines with Guanine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
55 terms
IB Chemistry Vocabulary
accuracy
precision
molar mass (M)
relative atomic mass (Ar)
a measure of how close a measurement is to the true value... (ha…
a measure of how close a set of measurements are to one anoth…
the mass in grams of one mole of any substance
the weighted average of all the isotopes of a particular elem…
accuracy
a measure of how close a measurement is to the true value... (ha…
precision
a measure of how close a set of measurements are to one anoth…
IB Biology: Evolution Test Vocabulary
4 Processes for Origin of Life
4 Organic Compounds
"Primordial Soup" Model
Environment of Early Earth
1. Formation of organic compounds... 2. Polymerization... 3. Polyme…
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Nucleic Acids... Lipids
Urey and Miller-conditions for spontaneous life... 1. Liquid Wat…
Hot... Stormy/Lightening/Rain... Hydrothermal Vents/Volcanoes... No Ox…
4 Processes for Origin of Life
1. Formation of organic compounds... 2. Polymerization... 3. Polyme…
4 Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Nucleic Acids... Lipids
Pre-IB Biology Vocabulary
atoms
nucleus
protons
neutrons
the building blocks of matter
the center of the atom; a distinct central organelle that con…
positively charged particles (p+)
particles that have no charge
atoms
the building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom; a distinct central organelle that con…
IB Biology Vocabulary
Pathogens
Repiration
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Organism that causes a disease
Metabolic process that an organism obtains energy by reacting…
Low concentration to high concentration, moving molecular sub…
A form of energy immediately available to for use, generated…
Pathogens
Organism that causes a disease
Repiration
Metabolic process that an organism obtains energy by reacting…
47 terms
IB Chemistry Vocabulary
Precision
Accuracy
Protons
Neutrons
Total amount of random error present in a measurement; indica…
A measure of the agreement between a measurement and the true…
Positively charged sub-atomic particle found in the nuclei of…
Neutral sub-atomic particle found in the nucleus of all atoms…
Precision
Total amount of random error present in a measurement; indica…
Accuracy
A measure of the agreement between a measurement and the true…
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
63 terms
IB Chemistry Vocabulary
Average Bond Enthalpy
Rate of Reaction
Electronegativity
Catalyst
The the amount of energy required to break 1 mole of a given…
Change of concentration/mass/volume/reactants/products with t…
Ability of an element/atom/nucleus to attract a BONDING PAIR…
Substance that increases the rate of reaction by lowering the…
Average Bond Enthalpy
The the amount of energy required to break 1 mole of a given…
Rate of Reaction
Change of concentration/mass/volume/reactants/products with t…
24 terms
IB Chemistry vocabulary
stoichiometry
element
atom
mole
the relationship between the relative quantities of substance…
a pure substance that contains only one type of atom
the smallest part of an element that can still be recognized…
the amount of substance that contains the same number of part…
stoichiometry
the relationship between the relative quantities of substance…
element
a pure substance that contains only one type of atom
27 terms
IB Biology 2.3 Carbohydrates Vocabulary - JOHNSON
Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Condensation
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
a polysaccharide composed of glucose monomers found in plants…
a polysaccharide of beta-glucose monomers in plant cells, con…
formation (synthesis) of larger molecules involving the remov…
Amylopectin
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
Amylose
a polysaccharide composed of glucose monomers found in plants…
13 terms
IB Chemistry Kinetics Vocabulary
Kinetics
Reaction Mechanism
Rate
Methods of Measure
The study of how fast a reaction occurs
The steps of the reaction; the sequence of bond breaking and…
Measures the increase or decrease of concentration of the rea…
Any method to measure the change in concentration per unit of…
Kinetics
The study of how fast a reaction occurs
Reaction Mechanism
The steps of the reaction; the sequence of bond breaking and…
49 terms
IB Biology SL Topic 3 - Chemistry of Life
Guanine
Cytosine
Biochemistry elements (C, H, O, N)
Inorganic elements (S, Ca, P, Fe, Na)
Base pair that combines with Cytosine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
Base pair that combines with Guanine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
CHON - carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
CaFe SNaP - calcium, iron, sulphur, sodium and phosphorus
Guanine
Base pair that combines with Cytosine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
Cytosine
Base pair that combines with Guanine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
63 terms
IB Biology Vocabulary
Abiogenesis
Adaption
Adhesion
Amino Acid
The natural process of life arising from non-living matter.
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
Abiogenesis
The natural process of life arising from non-living matter.
Adaption
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
12 terms
IB Biology Vocabulary
Osmosis
Diffusion
Hypotonic
Isotonic
Osmosis is the passive movement of water molecules, across a…
Diffusion is the passive movement of particles from a region…
A solution which has less solute than another solution
A solution which has the same amount of solutes as another so…
Osmosis
Osmosis is the passive movement of water molecules, across a…
Diffusion
Diffusion is the passive movement of particles from a region…
49 terms
IB Biology SL Topic 3 - Chemistry of Life
Guanine
Cytosine
Biochemistry elements (C, H, O, N)
Inorganic elements (S, Ca, P, Fe, Na)
Base pair that combines with Cytosine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
Base pair that combines with Guanine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
CHON - carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
CaFe SNaP - calcium, iron, sulphur, sodium and phosphorus
Guanine
Base pair that combines with Cytosine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
Cytosine
Base pair that combines with Guanine, forms 2 hydrogen bonds
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
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