#### Study sets matching "vocab math flashcards pre algebra"

#### Study sets matching "vocab math flashcards pre algebra"

Order of Operations

Proportion

Ratio

Sum

The way in which an expression is to be evaluated--PEMDAS. 1.…

An equation that states that two ratios are equal

A comparison of two numbers by division

A quantity obtained by addition

Order of Operations

The way in which an expression is to be evaluated--PEMDAS. 1.…

Proportion

An equation that states that two ratios are equal

Acute angle

Adjacent angles

Complementary angles

Corresponding angles

any angle that measures between 0° and 90°

two angles that share a vertex and exactly one side, but do n…

two angles whose measures add up to 90°

when two parallel lines are intersected by a transversal, cor…

Acute angle

any angle that measures between 0° and 90°

Adjacent angles

two angles that share a vertex and exactly one side, but do n…

Commutative Property

Associative Property

Identity Property

Variable

You can add numbers in any order and multiply in any order

You can add or multiply by grouping numbers in any combination

The sum of zero and any number is the number. Any number time…

A letter that represents a number that can change

Commutative Property

You can add numbers in any order and multiply in any order

Associative Property

You can add or multiply by grouping numbers in any combination

Algebra

Integers

Opposite

Absolute Value

a branch of mathematics that includes the use of variables to…

the set of whole numbers and their opposites

having a different sign but the same numeral

the distance between a number and zero on the number line.... (A…

Algebra

a branch of mathematics that includes the use of variables to…

Integers

the set of whole numbers and their opposites

absolute value

elements

even numbers

integers

the distance from the graph of a number to the orgin on the n…

a member of a set denoted by the symbol a curved "e".

whole numbers divisible by 2.

the set of counting numbers, their opposite, and zero.

absolute value

the distance from the graph of a number to the orgin on the n…

elements

a member of a set denoted by the symbol a curved "e".

Integers

Whole Number

Odd Integer

Even Integer

Any number that is not a decimal or a fraction. ie: -30, 1, 2…

Any number that is not a negative or a fraction. ie: 0, 2, 37…

Any integer that cannot be divided by 2 without a remainder.…

Any integer that can be divided by 2 without a remainder (inc…

Integers

Any number that is not a decimal or a fraction. ie: -30, 1, 2…

Whole Number

Any number that is not a negative or a fraction. ie: 0, 2, 37…

Addition

Subtraction

Multiplication

Division

plus, more than, increased by, sum, total, longer, older

minus, less than, decreased by, difference, shorter, younger,…

times, product, of

quotient, part, fraction, per

Addition

plus, more than, increased by, sum, total, longer, older

Subtraction

minus, less than, decreased by, difference, shorter, younger,…

Fraction

Equivalent Fractions

Simplest Form

Proper Fraction

A number that can be written in the form a/b, where a is a wh…

Fractions that name the same number.

A fraction whose only common factor of the numerator and deno…

A fraction in which the numerator is less than its denominator.

Fraction

A number that can be written in the form a/b, where a is a wh…

Equivalent Fractions

Fractions that name the same number.

POLYNOMIAL

DEGREE OF A POLYNOMIAL IS

MONOMIAL - what it is

MONOMIAL - what it isn't

can be monomials, binomials and trinomial

the largest exponent

A number, a variable, or the product of a number and one or m…

addition, subtraction or division

POLYNOMIAL

can be monomials, binomials and trinomial

DEGREE OF A POLYNOMIAL IS

the largest exponent

sum

product

coefficient

identity

the total of adding numbers

the total of multiplying numbers

the numerical factor of a term that contains a variable

an equation that is true for every value for the variable

sum

the total of adding numbers

product

the total of multiplying numbers

Negative Number

Positive Number

Negative Numbers Addition Rules

Negative Numbers Addition Rules

a number less than zero... indicated by a -

a number greater than zero... indicated by no sign or a +

Two positives equal a positive... Two negatives equal a negative…

Negative Number

a number less than zero... indicated by a -

Positive Number

a number greater than zero... indicated by no sign or a +

formula

perimeter

area

inequality

an equation that shows a relationship between certain quantit…

the distance around a figure

the measure of the surface enclosed by a figure

mathematical sentence that compares two quantities.

formula

an equation that shows a relationship between certain quantit…

perimeter

the distance around a figure

fraction

denominator

numerator

simplify

part of a whole number such as 1/2

the number below the fraction bar

the number above the fraction bar

state as a fraction whose only common factor of both numerato…

fraction

part of a whole number such as 1/2

denominator

the number below the fraction bar

Variable

Constant

Additive Inverse

Coefficient

Letter that represents a number; variable amounts may change

Numeric value that does not change

(mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose sum is zero

A number multiplied by a variable in an algebraic expression;…

Variable

Letter that represents a number; variable amounts may change

Constant

Numeric value that does not change

coefficient

constant

integer

reciprocal

THE number times a variable........... (you must start with t…

a number without a variable

+ and - whole numbers

a flipped fraction

coefficient

THE number times a variable........... (you must start with t…

constant

a number without a variable

Variable

Constant

Additive Inverse

Coefficient

Letter that represents a number; variable amounts may change

Numeric value that does not change

(mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose sum is zero

A number multiplied by a variable in an algebraic expression;…

Variable

Letter that represents a number; variable amounts may change

Constant

Numeric value that does not change

absolute value

acute angle

acute triangle

addend

the distance from the graph of a number to the number 0 on a…

an angle whose measure is between 0 degrees and 90 degrees

a triangle whose largest angle measures between 0 degrees and…

one of two or more numbers that are added to find a sum

absolute value

the distance from the graph of a number to the number 0 on a…

acute angle

an angle whose measure is between 0 degrees and 90 degrees

Numerical Expression

Order of Operations

Variable

Algebraic Expression

A mathematical expression that has a combination of numbers a…

The rule mathematicians use to solve mathematical expressions…

An symbol for a number that we do not know yet. It is usually…

A mathematical phrase involving at least one variable and som…

Numerical Expression

A mathematical expression that has a combination of numbers a…

Order of Operations

The rule mathematicians use to solve mathematical expressions…

The step that comes first in order of…

The third step of Order of Operations

The last step in order of operations

The fifth step in the order of operati…

Parentheses

Multiplication

Subtract

Addition

The step that comes first in order of…

Parentheses

The third step of Order of Operations

Multiplication

Commutative Property of Addition

Commutative Property of Multiplication

Identity Property of Multiplication

Associative Property of Addition

In a sum,you can add the number in any order.... Algebra: a+b=b+a

In a product, you can multiply the numbers in any order. ... Alg…

The product of a number and the multiplicative identity,1 is…

Changing the growing of the numbers in the sum does not chang…

Commutative Property of Addition

In a sum,you can add the number in any order.... Algebra: a+b=b+a

Commutative Property of Multiplication

In a product, you can multiply the numbers in any order. ... Alg…

additive inverse

associative property

braces

brackets

The opposite (negative) of a number. Any number plus its addi…

Grouping of elements makes no difference in the outcome. This…

Grouping symbols used after the use of brackets; signs { } us…

Grouping symbols [ ], used after the use of parentheses.

additive inverse

The opposite (negative) of a number. Any number plus its addi…

associative property

Grouping of elements makes no difference in the outcome. This…

improper fraction

lowest terms of a fraction

Rational Number

Mixed Number

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Any number that can be written a/b , where a and b are intege…

A number consisting of an integer and a proper fraction.

improper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

lowest terms of a fraction

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Negative Number Subtraction Rules

Negative Number Subtraction Rules

(+5)-(-3)=

(-2)-(+4)=

A negative number is the opposite of a positive number.... If a…

+8

-6

Negative Number Subtraction Rules

A negative number is the opposite of a positive number.... If a…

Negative Number Subtraction Rules

Numerical expression

Variable

Algebraic expression

Symbols

an expression that contains a combination of numbers & operat…

a letter used as a placeholder for any value.

an expression consisting of numbers, variables, & at least on…

For all numbers -a and -b, if a=b then -a may be replaced by…

Numerical expression

an expression that contains a combination of numbers & operat…

Variable

a letter used as a placeholder for any value.

congruent

converse

Distance Formula

hypotenuse

line segments that have the same length, or angles that have…

the statement formed by reversing the phrases after if and th…

the distance between two points, with coordinates (x1,y1) and…

the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle

congruent

line segments that have the same length, or angles that have…

converse

the statement formed by reversing the phrases after if and th…

prime number

composite number

factor

factor trees

A whole number that has exactly two factors, 1 and itself.

A number with more than two factors

one of two or more numbers that when multiplied together prod…

A method of finding all prime factors of a number

prime number

A whole number that has exactly two factors, 1 and itself.

composite number

A number with more than two factors

Natural Numbers

Whole Numbers

Integers

Real Numbers

1,2,3,4,5,..... (counting numbers)

0,1,2,3,4,5,..... (counting plus 0)

-2, -1, 0, 1 ,2 (positive and negatives)

All the numbers that you know

Natural Numbers

1,2,3,4,5,..... (counting numbers)

Whole Numbers

0,1,2,3,4,5,..... (counting plus 0)

Histogram

Line Plot

Mean

Median

A bar graph that shows the frequency of data within intervals

A number line with marks or dots that show frequency

The sum of the items in a set of data divided by the number o…

The middle number or the mean(average) of the two middle numb…

Histogram

A bar graph that shows the frequency of data within intervals

Line Plot

A number line with marks or dots that show frequency

zero pair

definition of subtraction

quadrant

transformation

when one positive counter is paired with a negative counter

a-b=a+[-b]

order of the 4 regions formed by the x and y-axis

a mapping of a geometrical figure that may change its shape o…

zero pair

when one positive counter is paired with a negative counter

definition of subtraction

a-b=a+[-b]

coordinate plane

function

input

ordered pair

A plane formed by the intersection of a horizontal number lin…

An input-output relationship that has exactly one output for…

The value substituted into an expression or function.

A pair of numbers that can be used to locate a point on a coo…

coordinate plane

A plane formed by the intersection of a horizontal number lin…

function

An input-output relationship that has exactly one output for…

additive identity

multiplication identity

commutative property of addition

commutative property of multiplication

the sum of a number, and the additive identity, 0, is the num…

the product of a number and the multiplication identity, 1, i…

changing the order of the addends will not change the sum: *a…

changing the order of the factors will not change the product…

additive identity

the sum of a number, and the additive identity, 0, is the num…

multiplication identity

the product of a number and the multiplication identity, 1, i…

factor

mulitple

divisible

prime number

an integer that diides another integer with a remainder of ze…

a number that can be divided with no remainder.... ex. 6/3 = 2

a number that can be divided by another number and have norem…

a whole number with only two factors, 1 and itself.... ex. 13 x…

factor

an integer that diides another integer with a remainder of ze…

mulitple

a number that can be divided with no remainder.... ex. 6/3 = 2

Commutative Property

Associative Property

Distributive Property

Additive Identity

Order doesn't matter, A + B = B + A

Grouping doesn't matter, (a+b)+c= a+(b+c)

a(b + c) = ab + ac

Adding "0" to a number doesn't change the number

Commutative Property

Order doesn't matter, A + B = B + A

Associative Property

Grouping doesn't matter, (a+b)+c= a+(b+c)

natural numbers

whole numbers

integers

rational numbers

numbers greater than zero; 1,2,3,...

numbers greater than or equal to zero; 0,1,2,3...

positive or negative whole numbers including zero; ...-2, -1,…

any number that can be written as a fraction

natural numbers

numbers greater than zero; 1,2,3,...

whole numbers

numbers greater than or equal to zero; 0,1,2,3...

Commutative Property

Distributive Property

Exponent

Identity Property

States that two or more numbers can be added or multiplied in…

If you multiply a sum by a number, you will get the same resu…

A raised number that tells the power of the base.... i.e. 43 = 4…

Has 2 parts. The sum of any number and Zero is that number. T…

Commutative Property

States that two or more numbers can be added or multiplied in…

Distributive Property

If you multiply a sum by a number, you will get the same resu…

numerical expression

variable

variable expression

to evaluate a variable expression

consists of numbers and operations

a letter used to represent one or more numbers

consists of numbers, variables, and operations

substitute a number for each variable and evaluate the result…

numerical expression

consists of numbers and operations

variable

a letter used to represent one or more numbers

Solve

Congruent

Integers

Scientific notation

Find an answer to, explanation for, or means of effectively d…

Identical in form; concluding exactly when superimposed.

A whole number; a number that is not a fraction.

Is a mathematical expression used to represent a decimal numb…

Solve

Find an answer to, explanation for, or means of effectively d…

Congruent

Identical in form; concluding exactly when superimposed.

relation

independent variable

dependent variable

variable

any set of ordered pairs.

a variable that provides the input values of a function.

a variable that provides the output values of a function.

a symbol, usually a letter, that represents one or more numbe…

relation

any set of ordered pairs.

independent variable

a variable that provides the input values of a function.

proportion

similar

congruent

compound interest formula

when two ratios are eaqual

when two shapes are the same shape, but not the same size

when two shapes are the same shape and the same size.

A = P (1+r) to the t

proportion

when two ratios are eaqual

similar

when two shapes are the same shape, but not the same size

Numerical Expression

Order of Operations

Variable

Algebraic Expression

A mathematical expression that has a combination of numbers a…

The rule mathematicians use to solve mathematical expressions…

An symbol for a number that we do not know yet. It is usually…

A mathematical phrase involving at least one variable and som…

Numerical Expression

A mathematical expression that has a combination of numbers a…

Order of Operations

The rule mathematicians use to solve mathematical expressions…

negative integers (numbers)

positive integers (numbers)

2 is the base.... ³ is the exponent.

exponent

integers (numbers) less than zero; does not include zero... {...…

integers (numbers) greater than zero; does not include zero... {…

2³... What are the 2 & 3 called in this expression?

* a small number written to the upper right of number. It tel…

negative integers (numbers)

integers (numbers) less than zero; does not include zero... {...…

positive integers (numbers)

integers (numbers) greater than zero; does not include zero... {…

LCM

GCD

Sets of numbers

Consecutive integers

The least number that is a common multiple of 2 or more numbe…

greatest common divisor of two non negative, not both zero in…

include the Natural Numbers, Whole Numbers, Integers, and Rat…

integers in counting order

LCM

The least number that is a common multiple of 2 or more numbe…

GCD

greatest common divisor of two non negative, not both zero in…

LCM

GCD

Sets of numbers

Consecutive integers

The least number that is a common multiple of 2 or more numbe…

greatest common divisor of two non negative, not both zero in…

include the Natural Numbers, Whole Numbers, Integers, and Rat…

integers in counting order

LCM

The least number that is a common multiple of 2 or more numbe…

GCD

greatest common divisor of two non negative, not both zero in…